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Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Term Paper

… Moreover, contrary to myth, patients are not generally unwilling or reluctant to undergo exposure therapy, but are able to recognize that exposure may be necessary to help them move past the traumatic event. The whole thought process behind trauma focused therapy is that by changing thoughts, the therapist can help achieve symptom reduction, and this hypothesis has been verified in a number of studies (Sobel et al., 2009).

Despite the fact that some therapists have lingering, erroneous concerns about trauma-centered therapy, it has long been the preferred approach for treating PTSD. In fact, CPT, a form of trauma-centered therapy is considered the go-to treatment for PTSD. CPT is a counseling-based intervention that generally involves meeting with a therapist on a weekly basis in an effort…. [read more]

Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Treating Alcohol Dependence Term Paper

… Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Alcohol Dependence

The use of cognitive behavioral therapy in treating alcohol dependence

Alcohol belongs to a family of compounds called stimulants. Many people consume it for different reasons; several people take alcoholic beverages when they want to enjoy themselves with family members, friends and colleagues while some groups are addicted to it claiming it helps fight depression and anxiety. These set of people cannot fight the urge to overuse and by so doing, they ultimately depend on it. This can be appropriately called 'alcohol dependence'. When taken, alcohol depresses the central nervous system and causes loss of concentration. Simply put, it dulls the brain of its consumer.

Mankind has been bedeviled with the rising incidence of alcohol dependence and abuse.…. [read more]

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Assessment Thesis

… They then discuss their illustration with a partner to solidify the connections between crises and resources. Finally, participants would write in their journals about what they would do in the future if a similar crisis arose, being as specific as possible, and perhaps writing down the exact steps they would hope to take. This approach would appeal to Allen because it involves communication through illustration, which would appeal to her visual intelligence, as well as her interpersonal intelligence.

At the end of this session, participants would write down an instance when they were offered alcohol and wished they had refused it, and turn it in to the facilitator. This information will be used in session 4.

Session 4: strategies for refusing alcohol and problem solving:…. [read more]

Cognitive Case Analysis: Cognitive Behavioral Thesis

… Literature Review

According to recent research conducted by Kelly, Magill and Stout, empirical reviews that were rigorously conducted reveal that Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) and related 12 step treatment program participation is as effective as other approaches to intervention (AA, 2008, Humphrey's, 2004). AA is the most frequently sought source of intervention in the United States, for those suffering with alcohol related problems (Room & Greenfield, 1993). Intervention provided via AA is reportedly helpful for diverse individuals at various stages of recovery from alcohol dependence (Kelly & Yeterian, 2008; Ferri et al., 2006).

AA participation was compared with a variety of intervention techniques including cognitive behavioral therapy in reducing the frequency and quantity of alcohol use post treatment at intervals of 1 and 3 years follow…. [read more]

Cognitive Counseling Research Proposal

… Cognitive Counseling

This is a template and guideline ONLY. Please do not turn in as final paper.

What is It?

Cognitive counseling, as defined by most of the experts in the field, consists of a therapy which emphasizes observing and managing a person's thought patterns. It focuses on decreasing negative thinking to the point that the basic thought patterns change to result in more positive feelings. The therapy also attempts to alter the "tone of voice" the individual uses for thinking.

That our thoughts are bonded to our emotions or feelings is the basis of cognitive therapy. There are four defined cognitive therapies: Cognitive-Behavioral, Rational-Emotive, Reality, and Transactional Analysis. Counselors in these fields help patients (or clients) to clarify their distorted thinking and to solve…. [read more]

Labor Behavioral Therapy vs. Freud Term Paper

… Later researchers, including the now-famous Albert Bandura, rejected the radical behaviorist claim that internal structures were irrelevant, but they maintained behaviorism's emphasis on behavior and environmentally-influenced learning."


In comparison to psychoanalysis, behavior therapy focuses more on specific problems, such as anxiety symptoms, so treatment is often more compressed. The goal of behavior therapy is to eliminate bad behaviors, or to develop adaptive coping behaviors. Eventually, this combats the problem.

Unlike psychoanalysis, behavior therapy has little regard for the unconscious processes underlying personality disorders. Behavior therapy uses such techniques as aversive conditioning, in which negative habits are paired with unpleasant stimuli, and systematic desensitization, where a stimulus that causes anxiety and negative feelings is paired with a pleasant one.

When psychotherapy was first introduced as…. [read more]

Adlerian Therapy and Cognitive Behavior Creative Writing

… Leading the client to investigate and monitor his thoughts has been shown to be successful in mitigating depression as well as many other mental diseases (Hoifodt et al., 2011; Robertson, 2010).

The client then is helped in shaping his environment / implementing certain behavior that will lead to a more constructive situation and behavior. This is the behavioral component of the approach. Methods used here including positive / negative reinforcement, or operant conditioning, where certain constructive behavior is rewarded therefore encouraged, and negative, self-defeating behavior is punished / rejected therefore hopefully extinguished. The client is also shown how to engineer his environment so that his environment will help him obtain his goals. Modeling successful others is a component of CBT as well as keeping a…. [read more]

Beautiful Mind Term Paper

… The film definitely shows how personal motivation and commitment to health can benefit a person with a mental illness, yet the film additionall illustrates how mentally ill people need a system and environment that supports mental health and diminshes mental illness. In addition, the film itself was well made, so it was entertaining to watch as it confronted these issues.

Occupational Therapy would have made a difference in John's life, depending on if he was in a stage of his life when he was accepting help for his mental illness. OT could have help John develop coping skills, helping him learn how to stay calm and recognize triggers. OT could have also provided him ways to stay organized (mentally). OT could have helped John improve…. [read more]

Problem Solving Therapy Applied Research Paper

… In addition, they make any needed adjustments to the solution plan for use in the future.

This program could be employed as a cycle to solve many different problems, thereby acquiring new cognitive social skills in the process.

Using this method for Chaney Allen would have more pros than cons:


Using a group therapy session provides participants with a community of people with similar experiences who can relate to their problems.

Using this process focuses on positive solutions and helps participants to visualize their future without alcohol.

These sessions progress step-by-step so that participants are not overwhelmed.

Although participants focus on their own specific solution, they gain a process that they can use again and again.

Participants gain important skills for solving problems that…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]

Veterans of Our Armed Forces Need Cognitive Literature Review

… Veterans of Our Armed Forces Need Cognitive Behavioral Therapy to Treat Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Defining PTSD

Clinical features of posttraumatic stress disorder are related in the work of Steven Taylor (2006) entitled 'Clinicians Guide to PTSD: A Cognitive-Behavioral Approach' and it is related that oftentimes patients present with "what might look like relatively simple anxiety or depressive problems or anger management issues. But as we engage with these patients and families, a more complex pattern emerges and we recognize the problems they present with as both intransigent and multilayered." (p.3) the method used to differentiate PTSD from other clinical problems is examined by Taylor who states that in diagnosing PTSD there is a requirement for "a sufficient number of symptoms" and these must be…. [read more]

Behavior and Cognitive Behavior Therapy and Developing My Personal Style Term Paper

… Personal Counseling Theory

Traditional counseling theories have varied in their background, purpose, application, and treatment methods. Over this past semester, I have been exposed to a number of different counseling theories, psychotherapy systems, strategies and related skills. A synthesis of these different theories has enabled me to develop by own personal counseling style. Historically, both psychoanalytical and cognitive behavioral approaches have been among the most commonly used methods of treating various disorders, in areas as of great diversity. This paper will provide a synopsis of my own personal counseling style, the development of my own personal mission statement and its' effects, a comparative analysis of the established theory that most closely resembles my style, and a reflection of contemporary research involving this theory.

Review of…. [read more]

Combat Essay

… One may have trouble carrying out normal daily life chores that remind him of the trauma faced in the war-front, for instance, the noise of the fan may remind him of the war helicopters. The patient must therefore confront these problems repeatedly so as to regain the confidence and control over life. Writing about their problems have also proved to be a useful technique and should be encouraged. Talking about the traumas faced in group therapy is also very beneficial. (National Center For PTSD, 2009)

Stress inoculation therapy is a better option of patients who are not comfortable with direct confrontation. The therapist helps the individual identify what factors incite memories and cause symptoms of fear and anxiety. The Anxiety is managed through deep breathing…. [read more]

Compulsive Hoarding Due to Childhood Sexual Abuse Term Paper

… Compulsive Hoarding Due to Childhood Sexual Abuse

The objective of this work is to research and examine childhood sexual abuse and compulsive hoarding. This work will identify the social impediments to the treatment interventions of this population with traumagenic compulsions and will further analyze how cognitive behavioral therapy would overcome these impediments and provide treatment for this disorder.

OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

SLE Stressful Life Events

CSA Childhood Sexual Abuse

PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

CRF Corticotropin Releasing Factor

HPA Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal

ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

NIMH National Institute of Mental Health


The work of Saxena, et al. (2004) entitled: "Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Obsessive-Compulsive Hoarding" states the fact that "Compulsive hoarding and saving symptoms, found in many patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)…. [read more]

Art Therapy and PTSD Research Proposal

… Art Therapy and PTSD

Art Therapy Utilized in Cases of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Art has always played a major role in human life and development. Some of our knowledge of our earliest ancestors comes from the drawings and sculptures they left behind. Art is an essential part of what it is to be human, and can be utilized for a variety of purposes including communication, expression, and even therapy. Art therapy is known to have beneficial results for individuals suffering with a variety of cognitive disorders, such as that of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an anxiety disorder which plagues patients after the event or multiple events of trauma which instill painful memories and later manifests itself as a wide variety…. [read more]

Anxiety Treating Anxiety Through Talk Term Paper

… The usefulness of ACT is that it imparts skills so that the individual can accept experiences and commit himself or herself to behavioral changes.

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy (DBT) is another form of talk therapy that combines Eastern medicine with group therapy so that an individual can learn to tolerate various situations provoking distress. Another way in which to help an individual, perhaps the simplest way is through interpersonal therapy, which devotes one week for a times of three to four months to simply speaking about the potential causes of anxiety of depression. Lastly, Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) therapy helps an individual see disturbing materials in a less distressing way, and has been utilized for PTSD, as well as some phobias (ADAA, 1).

Given…. [read more]

Intervention and Addiction Therapy Theory and Practice Essay

… Intervention & Addiction Therapy

Theory & Practice, Intervention and Addiction Therapy

The study of psychology is a complex science integrating environmental, social, and biological factors to develop a successful understanding of the continuously changing structure of an individual's psychopathology. Implicit in that study is the assessment and evaluation of foreign substances within the body. A growing body of work has discovered several relevant biochemical and psychosocial mechanisms related to the phenomenon of addiction which must be accounted for in any discussion or practice of substance abuse counseling. Though there is a significant social component in the decision to use and abuse controlled substances, existing therapeutic practices are fairly effective in combating those relatively superficial desires often rising from deeper self-concept dissonance. However, for any therapeutic…. [read more]

Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans Research Proposal

… Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans

The work of Solomon, Mikulincer and Avitzur (1988) entitled: "Coping, Locus of Control, Social Support and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Prospective Study" states that participation puts soldiers "under intense pressures that can impair their functioning. The most widespread manifestation of psychopathology on the battlefield is combat stress reaction (CSR), also known as battle shock and battle fatigue." (Solomon, Mikulincer, and Avitzur, 1998) states that characteristics of CSR include: (1) psychomotor retardation; (2) withdrawal; (3) increased sympathetic activities; (4) stuttering; (5) confusion; (6) nausea; (7) vomiting; and (8) paranoid reactions. (p. 279) Stated as the most common element in "all of these varied manifestations" is the cease to function efficiency by soldiers in…. [read more]

Cognitive Aspects of the Aging Term Paper

… 1,500 milligrams per day was given to elderly subjects in a clinical rial with findings that after 90 days significant improvements in memory, mood and responses to stress were noted and these favorable effects lasted up to 30 days after discontinuation of treatment. (Vitacost, 2005)

Phosphatidylserine, a substance derived from bovine brain phospholipids has been shown to:

Improve memory

Improve cognition

Improve mood

In two placebo-controlled trials elderly patients received 300 milligram doses per day of the phosphatidylserine in an unblinded trial of ten elderly females with depressive disorders. The phosphatidylserine produced "consistent improvement in depressive symptoms, memory, and behavior after 30 days of treatment. In another double blind trial of 494 elderly patients found that a 300 milligram dosage per day had produced 'significant…. [read more]

Plan to Treat Chronic PTSD in Combat Veterans Essay

… The location of most VA services might be out of the way for some veterans and this will cause them to avoid visiting the facility.


There are treatments for PTSD that do not require a patient to undertake any medications. These treatments include PE and CPT, which have been shown by numerous researchers to be effective in treating PTSD and offering full recovery to the patient. With a focus on trauma, these treatments are effective and they directly address memories of the traumatic event. Treatments that have been shown to be quite effective should be the first line of treatment for PTSD whenever possible. For combat veterans to overcome their conditions they must be offered effective PTSD treatment and there be an education of…. [read more]

Mindful vs. Traditional Martial Arts Thesis

… , 2001). As the existing research is largely limited to teenagers who are beyond the prime window of opportunity for prevention or early intervention efforts, this study will focus on children age 8-12, where early connections may inoculate at-risk students and set them on a more favorable trajectory. Terrence Webster-Doyle (personal communication, July 1, 2011) illuminates that by effectively challenging the self-imposed limits of each child, students will quickly realize that they can accomplish much more than they ever thought possible. Essentially, this parallels the old adage that we are each our own worst enemy -- the biggest fight for each of us, regardless of age, is within.

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

Mindfulness psychotherapies are considered the third wave of behavior therapy, preceded by cognitive…. [read more]

group therapy proposal Case Study

… Through education and practice the aim is for the group members to become more mindful of their internal thoughts and how these thoughts can hamper their emotional wellbeing. Finally, we will also expand on the concepts related to wellbeing using the Indivisible Self Model of Awareness to build a framework in which the participants can have more control over their personal choices and experience greater levels of self-efficacy in their decision making. Through collaboration and dialogue about the individual experiences with the application of using a wellness model, the group should be able to gain many insights from one another and build some momentum that can also positively influence self-esteem and efficacy.

Ten Week Program Outline

Week 1 -- Introductions

The first week will be…. [read more]

Depression Disorder Term Paper

… Depression Disorder


This paper is about depression. It will cover the DSM diagnostic criteria, and discuss the development of depression from two viewpoints, CBT (cognitive-behavioral therapy) and the biochemical and environmental components which are linked causative factors. This paper will then cover the four key indicators of depression, including physical, cognitive, social and emotional symptoms.

Description of depression

DSM-IV criteria

Depression is typified by a number of key diagnostic factors. One can differentiate between generalized depression and major depressive episodes. In order to be diagnosed as a depressive episode, five of the following elements must be present, according to DSM-IV criteria:

Depressed mood most of the day, and every day.

Reduced sensory interest, including taste, visual, smell.

Significant change in body weight (up or…. [read more]

PTSD Treatment Essay

… CBT for PTSD

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as a Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence from Recent Studies

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an all-too-common diagnosis typified by ongoing stress, emotional and psychological disturbances, and quality of life deterioration experienced as the result of a traumatic event, series of events, or life situation but extending beyond the scope of this event or period. Soldiers who have been involved in or witnessed combat, victims of abuse, and many other individuals are at great risk for developing PTSD, which not only greatly diminishes quality of life but which can also greatly affect a person's ability to care for themselves and to remain a productive member of society. Many treatments have been developed for and/or applied to cases of…. [read more]

Marital Intimacy Skills Research Paper

… However, Stahman (2004) has determined through his research that spiritual unity is important as an element in intimacy between a couple. Marriage also brings together two, or more, families that may have completely different ideas and customs (a frequent theme for television situational comedies) which have the ability to impair a couple's intimacy with one another. A couple also should feel affection for one another that is separate from their sexual feelings (Stahman, 2004). This is the dimension in which they care for one another on an emotional and physical plane that does not need to include sexual intimacy. But, there is that dimension also. Sexual intimacy is one of the primary building blocks of intimacy in marriage (Stahman, 2004).

When the word intimacy is…. [read more]

Automatic Thoughts and Cognitive Behavioral Research Paper

… Personal Disposition/Rationale on Use in CBT:

To this point, in my engagement of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, I would consider it a necessity of the highest order to provide patients with a clearer understanding of automatic thoughts. This is based on the rationale that ultimately a patient must learn to intervene with such thoughts if one is the ultimately overcome the patterns that lead to manic episodes, panic attacks or other recurrent symptoms of an anxiety disorder. It is my role as the therapist to provide the patient with all the necessary knowledge and resources to identify these patterns. Absent that illumination, it is more than likely that a patient will continue to engage in these derailing automatic thoughts even as he or she faces a…. [read more]

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome Special Education Case Study

… The alcohol essentially malforms brain cells and/or hinders the full development. FAS is one of the leading causes of retardation in western societies:

Mental retardation is a cardinal feature of FAS and is now recognized as the leading known cause of mental retardation in the Western world. Conservatively estimated for the United States, the economic cost associated with FAS-related growth retardation, surgical repair of organic anomalies (e.g. cleft palate, Tetralogy of Fallot), treatment of sensorineural problems, and mental retardation, is $321 million per year. FAS-related mental retardation alone may account for as much as 11% of the annual cost for all mentally retarded institutionalized residents in the United States. Current treatment costs for FAS-related problems are about 100 times federal funding for FAS research necessary…. [read more]

Abnormal Cinema: Alex From HBO Essay

… , 2011). It is also possible that Fredmen et al. might suggest that Alex suffers from secondary traumatic stress disorder (STSD), as he did not experience a direct combat trauma, but is being distressed by the secondary effects or the attack he carried out. To that end, Alex's treatment and the course of his disorder could be quite complicated to address effectively, as he seems to struggle with his own sense of responsibility related to the attack and the deaths.

Missing Treatment Methods

There are a variety of barriers to Alex's treatment, and as a result his therapy is missing several critical methods. Alex is an extremely defended patient with an exaggerated sense of perfectionism and intellectualization. He struggles to truly disclose the severity of…. [read more]

Resistance in Group Therapy Term Paper

… Resistance Group Therapy

For decades researchers have attempted to discover whether resistance to group therapy is more harmful than beneficial, and uncover what methods they can adopt to overcome resistance. Much research supports resistance as a common occurrence in group therapy (Waller, 1993). Resistance can be both harmful and positive. It is most likely to be positive when counselors use resistance to help patients identify areas for improvement and strategies for overcoming their resistance in the future. In addition the research supports a new approach that incorporates pre-group training as a positive method for overcoming resistance in group therapy.

A successful model for pre-group training may include encouraging patients to create a list of successes and define ways they may help other members of the…. [read more]

Teens Who Act Out Violently Need Proper Therapy Research Paper

… Teen Violence

Introduction / Group Population

Many verifiable studies reflect the fact that children that are aggressive at a very young age have a "high risk" of becoming involved in "chronic violent behavior" later in their lives (Herrenkohl, et al., 2003). This paper delves into that problem by conducting research into the available literature; and by reporting the various solutions scholars have come up with, including, importantly, interventions at various stages of a child's life.

Long-Term Effects

Clearly there are long-term impacts for young people who begin acting aggressively in their early years. Before delving into group interventions, the facts available vis-a-vis childhood aggression that in later years becomes violence and arrests are worthy to report.

In the peer-reviewed journal Social Work Research, the authors…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.