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Cold War Essay

… Specific Threats to American Citizens

In October 1962, Kennedy confronted the most dangerous threat to American that grew out of the Cold War: the Soviets were installing ICBMs in Cuba. Kennedy's quarantine of Cuba (preventing any more Soviet ships from bringing missiles to Cuba), and his ability to call the Soviets' bluff, eased the tension and forced the Soviets to remove their ICBMs from Cuba.

Kenneth Rose writes in his book (One Nation Underground: The Fallout Shelter in American Culture) that American citizens knew that the Soviets had an arsenal of long-range nuclear missiles, and that the U.S. also had those weapons at the ready. What would a male citizen do to protect his family if there was a nuclear attack from the soviets? The…. [read more]


Cold War a Critical Debate Term Paper

… This policy certainly helped in increased production but it did not cause desirable progression in the industrial sector for two main reasons. The first reason was that managers of projects could not deliver. The greed and self-interest prevailed over the interest of state and secondly the state preferred the production of military hardware which was not a good economic choice for the growth and sustenance of large industrial sector. (Stearns)

The comparison of above two models reveals that consumerism promised rapid growth of economy as well as the public welfare, but on the other hand, productionism led to stagnant economy and no public welfare. In the long run United States benefitted immensely whereas it had devastating effects on USSR.

Deprivations of Third World Countries. In…. [read more]


Social Impact of Cold War Essay

… Innocent civilians are often at extreme risk in the battles for gathering information or in the battles run by remote. In an interesting way, it might also be seen that this kind of distance campaign strategy is like the way some see the U.S. As contributing to the near collapse of the world economy. The U.S.'s lax financial rules and regulations pulled in other countries and set them up for many of the challenges they now face -- many of which are bringing about social and cultural unrest. It clearly would not be difficult for terrorists or even other nations to see this as an extension of the type of attitude that America picked up when it did its victory dance after the melting of…. [read more]


Cold War Origin After WWII Research Proposal

… Cold War

During World War II, the United States and Soviet Union were one in their fight against the Axis powers led Germany. Adolf Hitler of Germany wanted to conquer Europe at that time. He instilled fear in the hearts of the Jews in Europe as Germany systematically persecuted and killed approximately two and half million Jews in various Nazi consecration camps. Germany was flexing its military might in Europe and the Soviet Union and Great Britain stood against the onslaught of the German military. The United States was not initially part of the war; the U.S. was primarily providing logistical support to the Allied powers which was then spearheaded by Winston Churchill's Great Britain in their defense against the expansionist policy of Germany.

The…. [read more]


Cold War and Its Aftermath Term Paper

… ¶ … Cold War and its Aftermath

The Cold War represented one of the most important periods in the history of the world. It did not only changed the way in which the political world was configured following the end of the Second World War, but, at the same time, it marked a change in the perspective of the way in which relations among states and international actors are perceived. From this point-of-view, the end of this period marked the beginning of an era in which the political coordinates for international relations were uncertain and lacked a particular direction. The demise of the Soviet Union left the United States as the overall winner in the bipolar struggle. However, the entire state system was thrown into…. [read more]


Cold War There Are Two Things Term Paper

… ¶ … Cold War

There are two things that we need to refer in this explanation. First of all, we need to determine whether the confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union was a war and, if so, what kind of war was it, on what plans was it being fought and how it transformed itself into a "cold war," as it is nowadays currently referred to.

In my opinion, the Cold War was a war in the theoretical sense of the term. Indeed, it was first of all a confrontation. If we look at the two societies, the two economic systems that had been developed in each country, the political systems and the society in itself, with its rules and the way…. [read more]


Churchill Staline Cold War Essay

… Churchill/Stalin/Cold War

The Cold War: Causes and Aftermath

The Cold War, the war of tensions and nuclear stalemate that characterized the period immediately after the end of World War II to the fall of the Berlin War divided Europe into two warring factions. On one side, the United States and most of the Western European powers it had striven to rebuild as the result of its Marshall Plan stood for freedom, sometimes only in name but often with genuine feeling and commitment. On the other hand, Soviet Russia held Eastern Europe in a grip of fear and terror. Was Stalin simply an evil man? According to Winston Churchill, that was the case. In his famous 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech Churchill stated: "From Stettin in the…. [read more]


Westad Cold War Research Proposal

… Westad Cold War

The Cold War According to Westad

When World War II ended, international leaders were faced with the difficult new task of dividing the spoils. With the fall of the Axis powers, two significant allied forces were left standing, in the United States and the Soviet Union. It wasn't long, then, before the strategic allies were in conflict over the appropriate allotment of global properties. More importantly, at least to the outcome of world ideology, was the newly defined distinction between democracy and communism. In extension, and with the aid of much propaganda on both sides, it was the friction between freedom and order, between prosperity and unity, between capitalism and socialism. So essentially, as we left the destruction and atrocity of WWII,…. [read more]


War and Death Research Paper

… War and Death

When considering the causes and outcomes of war, oftentimes it can be helpful to compare and contrast seemingly disparate cases, because this comparison can often reveal underlying processes, strategies, and assumptions that would have remained hidden otherwise. This is why, for example, one may consider the United States' more recent occupations of Iraq and Afghanistan alongside its actions in the Korean War; though these cases are separated by a substantial expanse of time, examining the causes behind these conflicts as well as the effects reveals that the conception of warfare as a means of statecraft has not changed substantially in the intervening time. This leads one inevitably to reconsider the state of South and North Korea's relationship today, because these two actors…. [read more]


War Without a Cause Term Paper

… War Without a Cause

As with any great conflict, the aftermath often causes a flood of interpretations regarding the causes, actions, and outcomes. World War I is no different from any other event in this respect. A vast majority of the theories concerning the origins of the first World War center on the role of Germany, and secondly on Great Britain. Scholars debate whether Germany was the aggressor, or whether their actions were an attempt to prevent being attacked by France and Russia (Rohl, p. 651). However, a.J.P. Taylor sees the war in a different manner. He sees it merely as something that happened, rather than engaging in over analysis. The following will explore Taylor's contention in light of modern and historical evidence.

Germany as…. [read more]


Homeward Bound: American Families Book Review

… Today's world, where all people have been liberated to have their say, to protest what they consider to be wrong with politics in the world, and to marry who and when they want, is far more interesting to me than the "happy, stable" families of the 1950s can ever be.

To inform her work, the author drew on several wide-ranging source types. Evidence from popular culture, for examplee, included moviees, mass-circulation periodicals, and newspapers. She also examined professional writings from various disciplines, as well as papers and statements by public policymakers and other public figures involved in driving the political and social views of the time. Of particular interest is her use of the Kelly Longitudinal Study (KLS), which included surveys of some 600 middle-class…. [read more]


Cold War Review Essay

… Critics like Dwight McDonald also made a strong statement. Indeed, the Cold War was the longest conflict of the Twentieth Century. World War I and World War II were certainly more violent and world-changing in some ways but the Cold War was much longer and had much more of a "hit home" dimension than wars that were fought mostly or exclusively in other parts of the world. It is true that World War II involved a Japanese attack on Hawaii but the United States mainland was never threatened during the 20th century like it was during the Cold War

Conclusion

There are some effects of the Cold War that persist but the new problem seems to be Islamic Extremism and the new uprising of Russia…. [read more]


War and Drugs Research Paper

… War Drugs

Drug Use, Addiction and the Vietnam War

During the mid to late 1960s, the movement of radical activism would become the most apparent demonstration of crisis in the United States, filling America's streets increasingly throughout the 1960s with civil demonstrators desiring to enact revolutionary change in the domestic policies of racial inequality and political exclusivity as well as foreign policies pertaining to the Cold War, and especially to the war in Vietnam. Key examples in our memory illustrate that, indeed, the United States was all but engaged in a civil war, with its citizens producing a significant counter-culture movement which had set as the target of its frustration the government itself. That was the frustration that would gestate over the course of the…. [read more]


Wars of the Century Major Essay

… The aftermath of those wars can still be felt up to this day and many societies have adjusted in consequences of the events described above.

Although those major conflicts have changed our societies and have allowed us to not only become a more complete society but to understand other cultures more deeply, the main and principal causes of those wars seem to be very redundant. All of these wars have started from a socio-cultural conflict or divergence of opinion. While all of the major wars have escalated to conflicts not always pertaining to their original purpose, history has certainly shown us that the major idea behind all of the aforementioned conflicts is a cultural difference, or issue.

If we start by analysing World War I…. [read more]


Intelligence Pathologies Term Paper

… Intelligence Pathologies

The Church Committee Investigations which began in 1974 after the Watershed Scandal in President Nixon's administration found that intelligence agencies had unlimited executive power. The committee found that intelligence agencies abused this power and harassed and disrupted targeted groups and individuals, spied on citizens, assassination plots, manipulation and infiltration of businesses and media. Recommendations made by the Church Committee in the 1970s concerning intelligence agencies have been overlooked. As President Nixon's administration gave more executive power to intelligence agencies during his reign, so did President Bush. Intelligence agencies acquired executive authority after 9/11 are founded on the rhetoric of the war on terrorism, finding weapons of mass destruction in Iraq and identifying the link between Iraq and Al-Qaida. The agencies have carried out…. [read more]


US Military Involvement in the Korean Conflict Research Paper

… Korean Conflict

How did the Korean conflict begin? What were the dynamics behind this war? How and why did the United States get involved? How was the Korean conflict linked to the Cold War? These and other issues will be addressed in this paper. Thesis: The Korean conflict was indeed the first battle of the Cold War, and the United States, although it was thoroughly unprepared when it went into battle, came out a winner even though the end was a virtual standoff.

Background on how the U.S. become involved in the Korean conflict

In the book, Truman and Korea: The Political Culture of the Early Cold War, author and professor Paul G. Pierpaoli Jr. explains that after World War II the Soviet Union emerged…. [read more]


Gaza War Began in 2008 Essay

… Because of Israel's failure to effect any change as a result of the 2006 war against Hezbollah, the state of Israel was eager to demonstrate its capabilities in the new field of Asymmetrical war. [4: Page 5, Cordesman, Anthony. The Gaza War: A Strategic Analysis. Center for Strategic and International Studies, March 3rd, 2009. http://csis.org/files/media/csis/pubs/090202_gaza_war.pdf]

When Hamas reiterated its proclamations that the state of Israel did not have a right to exist in 2008, Israel took it upon itself to launch a pre-emptive strike on Hamas in Gaza, which was characterized by three things. First, the border crossing was overrun by Israeli troops, bringing the economy of Gaza to a standstill. Israel also threatened the cutting off of water and electricity in Gaza. Hamas responded…. [read more]


World Wars Term Paper

… World Wars

Explain how each of the following contributed to the start of the first World War: Imperialism; nationalism; militarism; and secret alliances.

Imperialism helped fuel World War I by giving some European countries great wealth (Author not given, 2004). With a booming economy they were able to finance the development of war materiel needed to wage war on a large scale. Nationalism caused because each country's great pride in itself. This national pride also led Germany in particular to celebrate the military and Germany's large body of myths and legends celebrating militarism. Germany believed it was its destiny to govern Europe, and since the individual companies were not likely to peaceably acquiesce, to the Kaiser it seemed that use of military was the obvious…. [read more]


Korean War Essay

… Highlighting the "hardships and privations to that the folks of Korea are now being subjected due to the continued prosecution by the North Korean forces of the unlawful attack," the UNC asked the UN as well as other non-governmental businesses to "provide such assistance while the Unified Command might request the relief and support of the civilian populace of Korea, so that as appropriate regarding the responsibilities being completed by the Unified Command with respect to the Security Council" (as cited in Lee, 2010). This effort is still being conducted and needs to continue if there is any hope for peace between the North and South Korea in the future.

Conclusion

The paper focused on the impact that the Korean War made with specific focus…. [read more]


War and Occupation: The Effects Term Paper

… Since agriculture was still the major industry in Japan, the implication of the reform cannot be underestimated. In fact its implication extended far beyond the economic -- it served to change many ancient and severely entrenched attitudes in the Japanese society and even served to weaken the previously strong authority of family and community. (Roberts, p. 517) It also prompted continuing electoral support of a succession of conservative Japanese governments (who supported the reforms) by the rural community. In the meantime the trade union reforms were implemented by the Americans to balance the power of management. The workers in the Japanese cities embraced trade unionism enthusiastically and as early as May 1946, 2.7 million workers were members of trade unions. (Ibid.) MacCarthur's economic reform policy…. [read more]


Military War or Campaign Research Paper

… State interests come in several ways. For instance, Americans need stability of economy, absence of threats and invasions, together with peaceful coexistence with other nations. When all these were put in front with the looming of the Gulf War, it was hard for the nation and citizens to decide on how towards establishing an equitable procedure and action to be taken. All these and many other aspects of war made the U.S. employ a paradoxical love-hate relationship with the Gulf War.

How this relationship influences American warfare

When the Gulf War broke, the United States of America had to seek ways of coping with every negative effect that were to be exemplified. Most Americans had no courage and intention of participating in the war. Nonetheless,…. [read more]


War in Iraq Term Paper

… 2), a statement that should leave no room for surprise when countries are attacked. Critics note that Bush's war on international terrorism begins to resemble "a moral crusade in which good is facing off with evil." (Barry & Lobe, p. 2). In fact, Bush labeled the alliance he said exists between al-Qaeda and some other countries as an "axis of evil" (Barry & Lobe, p. 2), possibly terms designed to remind us of the Axis-allied Japanese attack.

Great Britain along with the United States and a few other allies wanted the United Nations to pass a second resolution that would have authorized armed action against Iraq. However, key members of the U.N. Security Council, including Russia, France and Germany, protested and wanted the U.N. inspectors…. [read more]


War Is Always a Collective Essay

… Shigematsu also received the same dose of radiation that she did, perhaps more, but is never shown with any visible signs of the sickness, while he seems to both remember and forget the events of the bombing, with denial and memory "continually recycling and replenishing the other" (Cavanaugh 257). Yuichi acts out his battle memories in public, however, and others join in to play parts in the drama, and later his stone Jizo statues, with faces "anguish, terror, pain" serve as his silent audience (Cavanaugh 265). Many survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki also used art, sculpture and writing to preserve memories of the bombing that were denied and covered up by official sources.

Yasuko also has flashbacks to Hiroshima immediately before the bombing, such as…. [read more]


War on Terrorism: Post-Modern Warfare? Term Paper

… British Television/Journalism

The topic chosen is 'Is the War on Terrorism an example of 'Post-Modern Warfare?' being one that is very relevant to today's world, it deals with the causative factor behind the 'war on terrorism' that was declared by the United States of America after the attacks on some of its main centers on September 11, 2001, executed by a group of Islamic militants identified as 'Al-Quaeda', and the post-modern warfare that has resulted out of the entire episode. The issues that will be explored during the course of this paper will be the following: the actual attack, and descriptions of the attack, the measures taken against the attack, and descriptions of the plans, the result of the attack, and descriptions of the people…. [read more]


Chernobyl Nuclear Incident During the Cold War Thesis

… Chernobyl Nuclear Incident

During the Cold War, it was understood by the citizens of the world that the United States and the Soviet Union were competitors economically, politically, and militarily. Part of the economic health of both super powers was their nuclear energy programs. Nuclear energy was perhaps even more vital to the frozen stretches of the Soviet Union, which, during the Cold War years, had yet to realize its own wealth in oil production. It is safe to say that most of the world's citizens, while they did not like the idea of nuclear power, because they associated it with dangers like fallout, and the memories of Hiroshima and Nagasaki were still fresh reminders of the horrors of the misuse of the energy; nonetheless…. [read more]


Fifteen of His Book Arsenal of Democracy Journal

… ¶ … fifteen of his book Arsenal of Democracy, Julian Zelizer discusses the United States' national security decisions following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War (Zelizer 355). One line in particular stands out for the way it demonstrates how Zelizer's own political interests creep into his analysis. Following his observation that "the end of the Cold War stimulated debates within both parties over whether to reduce defense spending, limit military interventions, or make use of the 'peace dividend' for domestic programs or tax cuts," Zelizer goes on to single out Republicans, saying "but the basic instinct of most Republicans was to remain hawkish" (Zelizer 356-357). While it is undoubtedly true that Republicans largely opted to continue the United…. [read more]


World War II and the United States Term Paper

… ¶ … World War II and the United States. Specifically it will compare and contrast the United States after World War I and after World War II. There were great consequences for America after World War I and World War II, and the country changed dramatically after each war. Both wars would affect the country for years to come, and victory would come at a very high cost. Both wars created prosperity, one created a baby boom, and both wars led to increased strife in the world, rather than being the "war to end all wars."

World War I began in 1914 and ended in 1918. However, the U.S. stayed out of the action for over two years, only entering the war in 1917, just…. [read more]


Termed the Forgotten Battle Thesis

… Chapter Two: Literature Review

Background and Overview

In reality, it is not surprising that it required some time for the United States to recognize the strategic significance of the Aleutians. At the time, Alaska was not even a state and its geographic distance from the contiguous United States further distanced the region from the minds of American policymakers. For instance, according to Hodas-Walsh (1997, pp. 3-4), "Not only was Alaska and the Aleutians a secondary theater of war during World War II, the United States had always considered it of secondary importance." By the fin de siecle, though, the United States had in fact begun to take some interest in the archipelago but the interest was only modest and fleeting. In this regard, Hodas-Walsh (1997,…. [read more]


Post War Iraq: A Paradox Term Paper

… This event gave real evidence to the insignificant role played by the United Nations in the Korean War. 10

2. Self-defense (Falklands)

Self-defense is one of the most contentious spheres of the exercise of force, and many instances abound which possibly depict a predicament with finding what are the conventions, and what about enforcing them. Since it prohibits the exercise of force, the U.N deed certainly identifies two scenarios wherein the application of force is allowed. International Law has recognized years ago that each state possesses the prerogative to protect itself, if required through force. This prerogative of self-defense is established in the U.N. charter: Article 51 states that the charter in no manner damages the "inbuilt" privilege of self-protection during an organized assault. The…. [read more]

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