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America at War 1865-Present Essay

… The following year, the economy would collapse, and Hoover would show his impotency at dealing with domestic problems, and the man who had ran against the Wet-ticket candidate, would finally repeal the 18th Amendment in 1932, as the number of jobless reached into the tens of millions.

The economy would continue to dwell in the sewers despite FDR's Alphabet programs, designed to put Americans back to work with social and environmental jobs. However, the real jobs would be in manufacturing for the war machine -- and that would come with America's entry into World War II following the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor. Under Roosevelt, America became known as "the great arsenal of democracy" -- an insightful use of terminology (Jarecki, 2008, p. 37).

The…. [read more]


President Bush's War on Iraq Term Paper

… Support for an Invasion

National Security Adviser Condoleessa Rice is a strong supporter for a possible war with Iraq. Rice is concerned about Saddam Hussein and the destruction he is capable of.

At the University of Virginia, The College Republicans support President Bush's policies and are distributing pro-war pamphlets.

They are holding a rally in an attempt to draw attention to a possible war, while gathering support for their cause (Lamesa, 2002).

Democrats verses Republicans

Many prominent Democrats oppose a war with Iraq. Senator Edward Kennedy feels the Bush administration hasn't proved the United States is in enough danger to warrant a pre-emptive strike and war. Representative John Lewis of Georgia thinks President Bush is concentrating more on a possible war, than dealing with matters…. [read more]


Western Civilization - World War One Essay

… Western Civilization - World War One to the Present Era

The events that lead to the outbreak of World War One are hauntingly familiar. Preexisting strife between Austria-Hungry and Serbia was sparked to fire with the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the Austria-Hungry throne. Ferdinand's assassin was a Slavic teenager, Gavrilo Princip, a nineteen-year-old member of the terrorist organization the Black Hand (Duffy 2007, "Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, 1914"). Although the Serbian government claimed that it did not officially sponsor the Black Hand's terrorist activities, and Ferdinand was no JFK, Austria Hungry saw the assassination as an opportunity to further its influence in the Balkans, a spatial region already taught with ethnic and nationalistic violence (Duffy 2007). In fact, Duffy asserts…. [read more]


Sudan and Its Civil War Term Paper

… Sudan and Its Civil War

Sudan is a country in northern Africa with a population of around 40,000,000 people (Sudan 2). Following its independence from United Kingdom-Egyptian control in 1956, Sudan has experienced the devastation caused by incessant civil war, a crumbling infrastructure and the vagaries of climate that have caused widespread famine and poverty. Indeed, even the discovery of oil in Sudan was turned against the best interests of the people of Sudan to the benefit of a few elite, and the country remains one of the poorest in the world today. Despite these constraints to development, though, there have been some positive signs in recent years that things may be changing for the better in substantive ways, but virtually all observers suggest that…. [read more]


Korean War and the Cold Essay

… World War I and Korea

It is critical to realize that, according to author van Evera, the roots of the Korean War actually stem from broader issues regarding communism and capitalism that began with neighboring China. Nationwide revolution occurred in China during the 1940's in the aftermath of World War. The United States was a shareholder in this martial encounter because it was one of the seminal events of the Cold War. Moreover, the U.S. had recently adopted the policy of containment which was largely orchestrated by President Truman, and which was centered on reducing the expansion of Communism. The Chinese Revolution directly represented such an expansion because the forces of students led by Mao Tse-tung were unmistakably communist in nature. Thus, the U.S. attempted…. [read more]


Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … WWI & WW2

Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII

World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945) were the most devastating military conflicts in human history which caused untold destruction and loss of millions of lives. Although both wars were fought under distinctly different circumstances, had different causes and did not involve exactly the same foes, the two conflicts were not completely devoid of similarities. This paper compares and contrasts the two world wars from an American perspective; explains the reasons for United States' involvement in each war, and describes the legacies of the two wars on the country's economy, society, its domestic and foreign policies.

United States' Initial Neutrality in World War I

At the start of the First World War…. [read more]


Iraq War Term Paper

… C., that every major move Bush makes in terms of publicity or PR or policy, is orchestrated or at least partially tweaked by Rove.

According to Time Magazine (Elliott, 2003), on May 1, 2003, Bush landed "in flying gear on the deck of the aircraft carrier the U.S.S. Abraham Lincoln" - which had a huge banner reading "MISSION ACCOMPLISHED." Bush strolled across the deck of the carrier and made a speech in front of proud sailors. "Major combat operations in Iraq have ended," he declared to the troops assembled. The war, he continued, had been carried out "with a combination of precision and speed and boldness" which the Iraqi forces did not expect; "the world had not seen" such precision, speed, and boldness, he boasted.…. [read more]


Nikita Khrushchev on the Cuban Term Paper

… The Role of Nikita S. Khrushchev. The pudgy little man in the wrinkled, ugly suit was not a very impressive figure for a world leader when he appeared on American television at the United Nations, but most Americans of the day still assumed that Khrushchev was, nevertheless, the undisputed overlord of a burgeoning Soviet empire, while nothing could have been further from the truth. Certainly, Khrushchev held the office, but the Soviet Union was in fact also managed by an enormous bureaucracy. According to Aleksandr Fursenko and Timothy Naftali, the political machine inherited by Khrushchev remained solidly in place during the missile crisis, and it would seem that the party leader's ability to maneuver in this environment was seriously constrained despite the Western perceptions of…. [read more]


Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global Research Paper

… Marshall Plan and the Post 911 Global War on Terror

Many times in the history of the world, war or its aftermath has threatened catastrophe. Following the end of the First World War, the leaders of the victorious allied nations imposed punishing reparations on defeated Germany. The resultant economic depression and deep resentment has been blamed by many for the rise of Hitler and militant fascism. Hitler's ascent to power led directly to the even greater horrors of World War II. The carnage and destruction that was Europe in 1945 left impressions that were not easily dispelled. The Globe's leaders sought ways to prevent a repeat of the circumstances that had caused the two world wars. The United Nations represented an attempt to bring the…. [read more]


Comparative Government Term Paper

… ¶ … Governments

The world is a different place than what it was after the Second World War. Tad Szulc writes great human and political movements exploded in the aftermath of World War II" (16). There was no way to predict in the fifty years since that humanity would undergo "transformations more overwhelming, dramatic, and enriching than during any other half century period in history" (Szulc, 19). As a result of the Second World War, the United Nations was invented to protect the world and promote peace. Introduction of new inventions and technologies fueled the fire for regrowth and America and Europe. Later the emergence of Information Technology would dominate the new century and bring the world closer as a community both economically and socially.…. [read more]


Causes to the Korean War Essay

… Korean War refers to the military conflict between North and South Korea that started on June 25, 1950 and lasted until the armistice signed on July 27, 1953. During the war, both adversaries attempted to re-unify the country under their own regimes and ideology and several major powers including the United States, the UN forces, the Peoples Republic of China, and the Soviet Union also became involved in the conflict. It has at times been dubbed as a civil war between the two Koreas; at other times it is described as a proxy war between the forces of Communism led by USSR and China on the one side and the forces of Capitalist led by United States on the other, fought in the backdrop of…. [read more]


Iraq Afghan Culture the War on Terror Thesis

… Iraq Afghan Culture

The War on Terror and the Imposition of Cultural Change

The War in Iraq began on March 19th, 2003, when American bombers began a 'Shock and Awe' campaign designed to 'decapitate' Iraqi Republican Army leadership and to pound the civilian population into preemptive submission. The attack preceded the arrival of a deadline by which despot Saddam Hussein had been given the ultimatum to vacate Iraq with his sons to make way for democratic reform or to face the wrath of the United States. The purpose of this invasion was proposed quite singularly as the disruption of a regime which 'could' aid terrorists in destroying the United States, its friends and its allies. The final justification for this war was that, to that…. [read more]


Influential Factor in the Evolution Research Paper

… World War II had thus caused a shift in influential power and both the United States and the Soviet Union wanted to exploit the new reconstructed framework of the world. The Soviet Union sought to do so by expanding socialism to countries in Europe, looking thus to dominate states in the sphere whereas the U.S. And other Western nations believed that communist ideology is threatening to both national identity and the ideal of democracy which is why they sought to prevent this from happening. Indeed, among the causal factors that led to the unfolding of the Cold War, the conflict of two competitive ideologies is assumed to be most prominent. Both the U.S. And the Soviet Union were convinced of the superiority of their system…. [read more]


New Deal and the Great Term Paper

… The Soviet Union directly challenged the West in 1948 by initiating a blockade of the western sectors of Berlin, however, the United States airlifted supplies into the city until the blockade was lifted (Cold1 pp). These challenges in Europe led the United States to reverse its traditional policy of avoiding permanent alliances, and in 1949, along with eleven other nations, signed the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO, thus challenging the Communist bloc to form the 1955 Warsaw Treaty Organization as a counterbalance to NATO (Cold1 pp).

At conferences in Tehran in 1943, Yalta in February 1945, and Potsdam in July-August 1945, the Western democracies and the Soviet Union discussed the progress of World War II and the nature of the postwar settlement (Cold2 pp). After the…. [read more]


Conflict Resolution and Post Conflict Reconstruction in the International System Thesis

… International Relations

Conflict Resolution and Post-Conflict Resolution in the International System

Conflict is a fact of international relations. States make war on each other and, factions within states disturb internal order. Prior to 1945, the victorious party usually destroyed, punished, or absorbed the loser. Empires were created and dismantled. Civil wars ended in the assumption of control by a particular group. The vanquished lost their freedom or struggled to pay indemnities and tributes. Yet the destruction wrought by war can have lasting consequences. As World War II demonstrated, it is often better to build up ones former rivals than to leave them to cope with the aftermath of conflict. Catastrophic destruction and displacement can breed further conflict. Resentments stir popular movements. The aggrieved parties become…. [read more]


Aid President George W. Bush Term Paper

… A weak dollar policy is inflationary; this would put upward pressure on the interest rates as bond investors would demand an extra return for a future purchasing power that has been lost. The downfall of the dollar would also deter foreign investors as there is an inevitable risk of holding depreciating dollars. This would prompt them to demand a higher rate of return which will in turn create an upward pressure on interest rates. The upward pressure on the interest rates has a direct impact on the stock market. Stocks with rich valuations based on future growth would be hard hit. Higher interest rates would also be unkind on the entire housing industry thus causing the figures of growth to reverse and plummet eventually. While…. [read more]


Challenges and Prospects in International Conflict Essay

… The Challenges and Prospects in International Conflict Management
The process of reconciliation following civil or global conflict is
beset on all sides by difficulties, relating to the prospects of
maintaining precarious ceasefire agreements, to the need for the doling out
of resources and assistance necessary to restore order and to the demand
for some actionable form of punitive justice. Today, a consensus amongst
members of the United Nations seems to argue that the repair of fractious
intra and inter-state conflicts must involve a high degree of compromise
designed to defuse long-standing geographical, political or ethnic
tensions. Simultaneously, this process must remove from influence, power
and threat those responsible for the atrocities inclining global
peacekeeping intervention. Those engaged in such intervention are most
commonly members of…. [read more]


Economic Development of Eastern Essay

… The relative success of Western Europe's economic policies following World War II is evidenced by the stark distinction between the economic development of East and West Germany following the war, because while the former was dependent upon, and controlled by the Soviet Union, the latter had access to the definitively more well-off Western Europe, and as such was able to expand its economy much more rapidly and freely. This is why, for example, West Germany had no problem cutting off all economic ties to East Germany in 1951; "the inner German trade was much more important for East than West Germany," because the East depended heavily on the importation of crucial materials such as steel, coal, and iron, while West Germany had a much broader…. [read more]


Political Climate of 1980 Term Paper

… Political Climate of 1980's

The 1980's ushered in a new era of politics, with President Ronald Reagan at the reins. The previous decade had, for the most part, been consumed with ending the Vietnam War and the resignation of Richard M. Nixon and its aftermath. With that behind, attention, once again focused on the Soviet Union, and its presumed threat to democracy.

Reagan is credited with helping to speed the end of the Cold War, which had preoccupied both nations for over forty years, at a cost of hundreds of billions of dollars, and had resulted in the building of some of the most destructive weapons in history (Hoffman 2004). During the late 1970's and early 1980's, the United States underwent a revolution in technology…. [read more]


Interventionism From the Perspective Case Study

… These studies serve as the foundation for this present analysis.

Other studies have shown that foreign military intervention can easily be conducted even if they are in violation of the United Nations charter and lack authorization of the Security Council (Cassese 1999). This shows that countries can and do act on their own in engaging in interventionism. The motives for doing so are what this study plans to investigate.

A number of Western countries support humanitarian interventionism but they have not yet intervened in Syria. The reality behind humanitarian interventionism is that there are clear political, geopolitical, and economical consequences to every foreign intervention. Intervention is not merely a humanitarian crusade but rather a highly explosive affair that can cripple countries' infrastructures and have global…. [read more]


Korean War Life Essay

… It brings me a great deal of sadness to think of how many Koreans will grow up as orphans and with these horrors as their earliest memories. Part of me is troubled by the thought that we have a part in this destruction too.

In spite of this doubt though, I believe in the cause of this war. It is the duty of the United States to fight on the behalf of democracy wherever we are called to do so. With the spread of the Soviet and Chinese influence comes the spread of dictatorship, oppression and the scourge of communism. And as this spreads throughout the world, it threatens our cherished freedoms and way of life. As Americans, we have a duty to see that…. [read more]


Nuclear Weaponry Nuclear Weapons Research Paper

… In that respect, the most popular front of war -- particularly during the Cold War -- was drastically altered and came to include a political chess game in which countries would feint at one another and prepare to engage in battle (the likes of which could conceivably destroy the planet) and actually do nothing but disarm and mount similar latent "offensives" by seeking other such targets.

The effects of nuclear weapons, as demonstrated by the political objectives of varying nation states and by the particular enemies and opponents who face one another, are still being felt today. One of the principle reasons that the United States attempted to overthrow Saddam Hussein and his progenies power in Iraq was because the nation was believed to be…. [read more]


Share With You My Life Term Paper

… Lets skip ahead to the World War II period, the war began in 1939 and I was 33 years old. I had been married for ten years and had two children and was a housewife. The war began as a conflict between Germany and Anglo French coalition but quickly broadened to engage most nations of the world. The war saw the introduction of two new weapons: the atomic bomb and a long-range rocket. To date WWII has been the most devastating war in history in terms of loss of human life and destruction. ("World War II")

The End of World War II brought on another battle that was known as the Cold War. This battle was between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. It lasted from…. [read more]


Soldierly Perception of Masculinity Research Paper

… The shift of military and social values has become a permanent trend in Germany after it weakens position in war. Although this change did not happen all of a sudden but many factors were involved in gradually changing the situation, there was still a back way to tackle the hurdles and to restore the previous standards and for these strong, sincere and collective efforts are needed to be carried out by promoting the culture and law.

Some grades this change as a natural process of refusal .If someone has to do some deliberate destruction of a particular religious, racial, political or ethnic group for the purpose of wiping them completely; it will be quite a difficult task to do but it will be possible if…. [read more]


Fall of the Soviet Union Essay

… In the First World War the United States had entered late and, although its involvement had an impact on the outcome, its influence was much less than its influence arising from the Second World War.

In the Second World War the United States assumed a leadership position. There was little doubt as to how important the United States' entry into the War was to the ultimate outcome and, unlike what occurred following the end of the First World War, the United States was largely able to dictate the terms of how the War would end and under what terms. The Allied nations, with the exception of the Soviet Union, looked toward the United States for leadership and this time the United States did not withdraw…. [read more]


Planet of the Apes Series Essay

… 8). Furthermore, research into the ability of apes to use sign language was started in the 1960's (Hart, 2012). Though this research did not begin until the mid-Twentieth Century, it had a strong historical foundation: the idea of chimpanzees successfully learning human language was first suggested in 1747 in L'Homme machine (Man a Machine), by Julien Offra de La Mettrie, a French physician and philosopher (European Graduate School, 2012); in 1859, Charles Darwin's On the Origin of the Species explained "physical continuity from the simplest animals to humans," including the common ancestry, similar anatomy and genomes between apes and humans (Hart, 2012); experiments in teaching apes to speak human language were unsuccessfully made in the 1900's and 1930's (Hart, 2012); by 1925, at least one…. [read more]


Cause of Armed Conflict Research Paper

… In these cases, the fault lines towards other believers within the same religion are essential to the members' self-understanding, although their other important identity markers may coincide with other significant boundaries of the overall churchly organization. Relations between groups that stand close may often be more conflictual than between groups without contiguity. This is also applicable in the case of religion; relations between interrelated religious groups have often proven to be more conflictual than between world religions. While many religious identities are fundamentally inclusive and welcoming of the 'other', it remains a fact that some of the world's most exclusionary identities are religiously founded.

The organizational basis of religion can also feed into conflict. In its own right, religions may contain organizational set-ups or networks…. [read more]


Leisure May Be the Death Term Paper

… The most obvious, as pointed out by Muller, is a common commitment to a free market economy and to political democracy, both of which are dominated by middle class values. However, there are vital differences within these broad areas of agreement, and it is these deviations that place Europe at a disadvantage when dealing with the demise of employment and the growth of leisure. America is better placed to deal with these social changes, and the subsequent economic and political fallout, because of its emphasis upon individualism, commercialism, and its perception of state assistance only as a last resort. Therefore America, as with Japan, is better able to adapt to changes in labor requirements by capitalizing on the social and economic values of competition, individual…. [read more]


CIA and Cuban Missile Crisis Thesis

… CIA and Cuban Missile Crisis

It is surprising that such a small Island off the East coast was the point of contention between the U.S. And other nations ever since the U.S. gained independence. There were many crises involving Cuba. According to David L. Larson, the issue was largely connected with the e hegemony of the U.S. In the Western Hemisphere. It later resulted in the "Monroe Doctrine." The United States had crises with Spain over Cuba in the nineteenth century -- then popular as the "Cuban Question." Thus Larson observes that the Crisis" of 1962 is but yet another crisis that involved the United States and Cuba. The issue was rife from the time of George Washington down to the times of John Kennedy…. [read more]


Middle East -- a Region of Ancient Term Paper

… Middle East -- a region of ancient conflicts and changing American policies

The Middle East has always been an important region in the modern diplomatic history of the United States. But "if the chief natural resource of the Middle East were bananas, the region would not have attracted the attention of U.S. policymakers as it has for decades." (Richman, 1991) Economically, the Middle East is a critical source of oil, the fuel that propels the productivity of America and the entire industrialized world. But the availability of oil is not merely a matter of dollars and cents for the U.S. The nations that control the sources of these vital fossil fuels have additional political power, in comparison to their neighbors, as well as economic capital.…. [read more]

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