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Civil War and Grant Term Paper

… They are a responsibility giving much more pleasure than anxiety."

As a man, Grant was remarkably free of personal animosity. He was never vindictive In his entire life, he spoke disparagingly of very few, and they usually had done something to deserve it. He was certainly not fond of General Hooker or General McClernand, and in his political life, Sumner and President Andrew Johnson were two men he despised. On a personal level, Grant disliked rare meat, eating poultry (though he ate turkey constantly in the White House), liars, cheats, dancing, "immorality" and he generally avoided off-color stories. His Secretary of State said that the General had a great aversion for adulterers, though he certainly surrounded himself with plenty while in the army.

As a…. [read more]

Media's Role in the War on Terror Research Paper

… Media's Role in the War on Terror: How Mainstream Media Serves as a Gatekeeper to Shape Public Thought

Many observers were heard to venture that following the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, "things would never be the same," but the ongoing war on terrorism has its roots in events that occurred long before the Twin Towers collapsed and the Pentagon was struck that day. Due in large part to the manner in which the media had failed to cover the fateful events unfolding in the Middle East and interpreting them in meaningful ways, the American public was in fact startled out of a complacency that was the result of having won the Cold War and enjoying the unprecedented economic growth that followed as the…. [read more]

Anticommunism / Communism in Red Term Paper

… Haynes's assertions about the degree of Soviet espionage, however, would have benefited from a more formal documentation of sources. As debates about individuals accused as spies have lasted for decades, the author could have produced a more definitive conclusion to these continuing issues. He appears well convinced of the archival information supporting his assertions; more formal documentation could have led to greater persuasiveness for the reader.

Haynes' Red Scare or Red Menace? adroitly complements any investigation into the history of the United States since 1945. The book vividly portrays the complexities of the postwar era and particularly of the diversity of anticommunism. Haynes' account demonstrates that anti-Communists were not monolithic reactionaries but a varied group often united by little other than their enmity for the…. [read more]

World War II Term Paper

… While Israel had shown a willingness and desire, even, to negotiate for peace and normalized relations in the region, its neighboring aggressors were focused simply on the annihilation of the Jewish state. American sympathy to the Zionist cause, then, was regarded with disgust by Arab authorities. It incited hostility that was greatly exacerbated when, following the humiliating six day defeat of Egyptian, Jordanian and Syrian troops at the hands of the powerful Israeli army in 1967, Arab shame bubbled over into speculation that American assistance had been a substantial factor in Israeli victory.

It was true that, at this juncture in history, America began to provide a great deal more financial support to Israel. And as illustrated by the aforementioned circumstances of the 1973 War,…. [read more]

Nursing and Women's Roles Pre-And-Post Thesis

… Thomas Branagan wrote in The Excellency of the Female Character Vindicated that men would "sin and sin again" because they could not help themselves (quoted by Welter, 47). But a woman, Branagan asserted, was "stronger and purer" and had the resolve to resist a man's desire to "…take liberties incompatible with her delicacy" (Welter, 47).

However, if a woman should acquiesce to a man's attempts to engage in sexual activities, Branagan asserted in his book, "You will be left in silent sadness to bewail your credulity, imbecility, duplicity, and premature prostitution" (Welter, 47). The advice given to women in the early 19th century, as presented by Welter on page 62, clearly appears to the 21st century reader as propaganda designed to keep women in subservient…. [read more]

Weapons of Mass Destruction Research Paper

… Chemical weapons comprised liquids as well as gases that suffocate the victims, upset the central nervous system, blister the skin, and poison the blood. Biological weapons include infectious agents such as fungi, viruses and bacteria. Bursting the biological weapons over a populated area might eventually result in the outbreak of deadly diseases such as plague, anthrax, or smallpox. A study conducted by the U.S. Department of Defense indicates a strong correlation between the country's participation on international relations and terrorist assault on it

The assessment might involve a range of states including states with stakes as well as those without interests. Even though countries would work toward realizing peace and stability of their neighbors, it is important for every nation to come on board during…. [read more]

Collapse of Soviet Union Chou En Lai Term Paper

… Collapse of Soviet Union

Chou En Lai, the Chinese Premier and Foreign Minister under Mao Tze Deng, when asked to comment about the effects of the French Revolution on the European history had famously remarked, "It is too early to say." By such an analogy, analysis of the sudden collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 is best left to the historians of the future generations. However, a number of long and short-term factors have been identified by political commentators and historians to explain one of the pivotal events of the 20th century that has changed the history of the world. These have been discussed below:

Flawed Ideology number of people, particularly the ones who are firmly opposed to Marxism, argue that the Soviet "experiment"…. [read more]

Nursing During World War II Term Paper

… On December 7, 1941, a Japanese strike force from the Imperial Navy dropped their bombs on the harbor itself, on the ships at anchor there in what was called Battleship Row; on Hickam, Wheeler, and Bellows airfields; and on the Kaneohe Bay Naval Air Station on Oahu's north shore. The surprise on the part of the United States at this sudden attack was complete, as was the devastation. According to records (Condo-Rall and Cowdrey, 1998), "among the ruins, 2,327 American officers and enlisted men lay dead, of whom 2,000 belonged to the Navy, 98 to the Marines, and 229 to the Army; some 270 civilians perished. Another 1,143, among them 439 soldiers, were wounded."

The nursing profession was changed forever by the events at Pearl…. [read more]

USS Liberty Incident and the 6 Days War Thesis

… Liberty Incident, an attack on a neutral U.S. Navy Technical Research ship by the Israeli air force and torpedo boats, during the 6-Day Arab-Israel War on June 08, 1967 has aroused considerable controversy and debate since its occurrence. While the Israeli and the U.S. governments have always officially maintained that it was a case of an unfortunate but unintended "friendly fire," others have expressed their disbelief and doubts about the official versions of the incident. This paper presents an overview of the event, including its background, aftermath, the official versions of the U.S. And Israeli governments about the incident, and the private views of certain government officials and eye-witnesses about the controversy.

Background: Prelude to the Incident

During the Six-Day Arab Israeli War of June…. [read more]

Iranian Nuclear Ambitions and American Options Term Paper

… Iranian Nuclear Ambitions and American Options

Iran is Persian Gulf oil-rich country that insists that it needs nuclear power for civilian purposes. Strong pressure from the United States in the form of economic sanctions and political isolation have not deterred Iran from its nuclear ambitions, and demands for inspection by the world community of nuclear regulators to ensure against military use of nuclear technology in Iran have been unproductive.

Given the geopolitical relationships in the region, (and the unnecessary redundancy of nuclear power and vast resources of Persian Gulf oil), it is highly unlikely that Iran's only intentions are to develop nuclear power facilities for civilian use. It has already installed thousands of high-speed centrifuges in cascades used to enrich Uranium, and without international oversight,…. [read more]

U.S. History Web Project: The Vietnam War Term Paper

… U.S. History

Web Project: The Vietnam War and its effect on the country

The Vietnam War is probably one of the most discussed and documented wars in American History. It is also the war that many historians claim had a profound affect on America society and culture. One of the central aims of this paper will be to explore the Vietnam War from the vantage point provided by a particular Web site and to expand on the common knowledge about this historic event. Of particular interest is the way that the Vietnam War impacted and affected culture and societal perceptions in the United States.

In the research for this paper it became clear that the effects of the war were not only limited to the…. [read more]

Poli Sci Arms Control Essay

… Poli Sci

Arms Control

One of the primary issues facing arms control agreements made by the United States over the decades has been enforcement. This is true both of the possession and transfer of weapons in general, and in the development, either covertly or openly, of specific technologies designed for use in weapons of mass destruction (i.e. nuclear, biological, and chemical weaponry). The first issue, that of the United States' inability to completely monitor or control the movements of the world's existing arms stockpiles, particularly intercontinental ballistic missiles with nuclear payloads, grew exponentially worse during the breakup of the Soviet Union and its fractious and corrupt aftermath. Precise figures on the size and extent of the Soviet nuclear arsenal are still not known by United…. [read more]

War in Iraq Dissertation

… The war will be devastating to the people of Iraq which will force mass migrations to cities like Baghdad and Basra. The mass migrations into the cities will only increase the food and water shortages. Famine is an extreme and protracted shortage of food that causes emaciation of the affected population and a substantial increase in the number of people who will die in Basra. "Basra is in a shortage of everything, even food...they have equipment that works with generators, but the generators work only with fuel. If the fuel supply stops (the generators won't work). (Barrett) During the war, it is expected that many power stations will be destroyed, leaving the inhabitants of Basra without electricity. "The city's electricity was knocked out Friday during…. [read more]

Persian Gulf War Effects Term Paper

… S. economy greater extent than a stochastic growth model (which assumes a perfectly competitive product market).

Finn (2000) shows that perfectly competitive model can also explain the effect of oil price shocks. He uses the concept of utilization rates for productive capital. The main idea of his model comes from the relationship between energy usage and capital services. Specifically, energy is essential to obtain the service flow from capital. Capital utilization rates are determined by energy use. Due to the oil price shocks, the decline of energy use reduces output and labour's marginal product, leading to a decline in wages and labour supplied. According to him, an oil price shock is like an adverse technology shock in inducing a contraction in economic activity.

Kling (1985)…. [read more]

Joseph Heller, Catch-22, and War Term Paper

… Today we have more realistic perceptions of both war and of materialistic life styles, seeing both as open to serious criticism. It seems likely that if Heller had written his book today, the critics would see the importance of challenging the status quo. When the book came out, however, that status quo was too new and too precious for people to welcome a writer who dismantled it piece by piece like the little boy who shouted "There's nothing there!"

The message of the book, that all wars, including World War II, were surrealistic abominations, threatened what Americans thought was best about them at the time, their willingness to wade into war and do what had to be done for the good of the world. In…. [read more]

Ngo Dinh Diem Born Term Paper

… The United States of America supported the actions of the government of Ngo Dinh Diem in an effort to quell any communist backed movement from seizing power in the volatile region. Due to the unconditional support rendered by the United States of America, Diem and his regime had little or no threats to fear from. A rule of oppression and authoritarianism followed often creating widespread anger and disgust among common people. Riots and protests were the order of the day and martial law was imposed from time to time. With support from the United States administration, Ngo Dinh Diem rejected the Geneva Accord and its requirement to conduct elections in 1956 that could result in the unification of the country. Using a referendum in the…. [read more]

International Relations: Idealism vs. Realism Essay

… The first two attempts were oriented strictly to the European continent and its colonies, whereas the League of Nations, after promoting the principle of sovereignty as a pre-requisite for states, allowed al sovereign states to be part of the organization.

The realist approach in terms of the positioning of the state is that the state is the most important and the only actor on the international arena. Indeed, the state can be part of multidimensional constructions such as international organizations but this membership would never supersede the state as a rational actor on the international scene. Unlike idealists, realists believe in the rational of the state. More precisely, the state would always take into account when making a decision the most important elements that constitute…. [read more]

History of Espionage Class Reading Essay

… History Of Espionage Class Reading Study Guides

Jeffrey Burds, Chapter 19 of World of the Shadows: An International History of Espionage (The Golden Age of Soviet "Illegals")

This chapter opens with a quote from Stalin, who in 1937 questioned the prevailing belief that bourgeoisie states would refrain from sending "spies, wreckers, saboteurs and assassins" into socialist states.

Chapter 19 then moves to a discussion of the so-called "Cambridge Five," a group of five British nationals who spied for the Soviets during WWII.

Donald Maclean (1915-1983), Foreign Office secretary, Paris, Washington, Cairo, London.

Guy Francis de Moncy Burgess (1910-1963), BBC broadcaster, agent in MI6, secretary to Deputy Foreign Minister

Harold Adrian Russell ("Kim") Philby (1912-1988), journalist, agent in MI6, "The Third Man"

Anthony F. Blunt (1907-1983),…. [read more]

Ethnic Conflict in Xinjiang an Application of Internal Security Dilemma Term Paper

… Ethnic Conflict in Xinjiang: An Application of Internal Security Dilemma

There has been much discussion on this issue and from different points-of-view. An important study conducted on the Xinjiang and the internal security dilemma has been conducted by Jiaxing Xu, "The Ethnic Security Dilemma and Ethnic Violence: An Alternative Empirical Model and its Explanatory Power" (2012) in which the role of ethnic violence and is discussed as a possibility of explaining the ethnic security dilemma. Another important resource for this case study is Michael Edward Brown's "The International Dimensions of Internal Conflict" in which he theorizes the aspects of internal conflicts and connection with ethnic groups and security dilemmas. Also, given that the subject is complex in its nature, it is important to also consider…. [read more]

Vietnam Conflict ) To Viet Nam Enumerated Term Paper

… ¶ … Vietnam Conflict ) to Viet Nam enumerated in Loren Baritz' BACKFIRE. Or, using those reasons why we did what we did and Baritz' tripartite scheme that says the U.S. goes to war because of its (1) mythology, (2) its reliance on technology, and (3) its bureaucracy, attempt to answer a question already raised by a student in this course: "When should the U.S. go to War?" Or starting with Baritz' notions about technology, examine the function of the helicopter in DISPATCHES-make connections between and among. QUAGMIRE may well be a source in ANY paper for this course, or KIEU, or H&E or C&M or PA.

Analysis on The Truman Doctrine -- 1947

In the aftermath of the Second World War, tensions still loomed…. [read more]

Changing Nature of Warfare Term Paper

… For this purpose, regular policing is far preferable to the use of military force. In a society in which innocent civilians can be arrested, incarcerated or summarily executed, rule of law and popular support for government will not exist. Just the opposite, "the more measures to impose order involve terrorizing the population, the more the position of the opponent as their defender is enhanced" (Smith 388). A minimal use of force that will achieve the objective is the most desirable strategy, along with a military force that is restrained by the rule of law in its conduct toward civilians. In these types of conflicts the "morality of the use of force cannot be overemphasized" (Smith 391). Success in counterinsurgency warfare also requires asking the serious…. [read more]

Significant Events 50's 60's 70's 80's 90 Term Paper

… ¶ … Singular events can have profound impacts on the course of history: the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 proved as much. After the Second World War, the United States underwent tremendous economic and social transformations. Many of the changes that took place in American culture during the latter half of the twentieth century can be traced directly to one political, social, or fiscal event such as a scientific invention or a declaration of war. Events that serve as historical turning points are usually both causes and effects. Turning points in history represent the culmination of what transpired before and their repercussions reverberate throughout succeeding generations.

The 1950s: The End of Legal Segregation

The 1950s was characterized most by the aftermath of the Second…. [read more]

Attacks on Pearl Harbor Term Paper

… Indications leading to the Attacks

Even though the attacks on Pearl Harbor and the World Trade Center have been portrayed as completely unexpected and unforeseen actions, both these events had been directed by apparent signs and signals that the United States had been confronting a looming danger (36). Before the attack on Pearl Harbor, the relationship between the Americans and the Japanese had arrived at its lowest point (7). Not later than the summer of 1941, the government of the then American President, Franklin Roosevelt, had set economic sanctions on the Japanese government to compel them to stop their conflict with China. Historians have given reference to these sanctions as the contiguous reason of the Japanese attack on the Pearl Harbor. The Japanese government refused…. [read more]

Marked the History Research Paper

… According to the Truman Doctrine from 1947, the United States would have provided financial assistance for reconstruction and development to those countries that would accept it. Still, this plan was particularly addressed to Greece and Turkey that had privileged and at the same time strategic presence for the United States to the Mediterranean Sea. More precisely, President Truman, in his address to Congress from 12 March 1947, stated "Should we fail to aid Greece and Turkey in this fateful hour, the effect will be far reaching to the West as well as to the East." (The Avalon Project, n.d.) Hence, the intention of President Truman was to protect and somewhat extend the U.S.'s sphere of influence over Europe so that the U.S.S.R. does not. This…. [read more]

American Foreign Policy That Both Realists and Idealists Should Fall in Love Term Paper

… ¶ … Foreign Policy Idea to Fall in Love With

Robert Wright's 2006 article -- in summary -- does a thorough job of taking the George W. Bush foreign policies to task. By invading Iraq, Bush squandered the chance for the U.S. To gain respect in the world, Wright asserts, and Wright goes into great detail to justify his theory. But meantime, "realism" means basically what can be done in the world, and "idealism" is what is dreamed of and hoped for in the best of all possible worlds.

Wright explains that "progressive realism" has a "nice ring," and he begins with a coy remark, that if Democrats adopted his idea of "progressive realism" they might win a presidential election. Well, Mr. Wright, they did.…. [read more]

Was NATO Right to Intervene in Kosovo in 1999 Were There Alternatives to War? Term Paper

… ¶ … NATO Right to Intervene in Kosovo? Were There Alternatives to War?

One of the most significant international conflicts of recent times was the war in Kosovo. From even before NATO became involved in the conflict, Kosovo had come to represent all nearly all sides of global policy debate the origins of which lay as far back as the Second World War. Ever since World War II it seemed, the world had been divided into two camps - one on side, the friends of democracy, expanded freedom, and religious liberty, while on the other the supporters of strong-arm rule, division, and racial, ethnic, and religious partisanship... Or so the arguments were framed. For the arguments in favor of intervention in Kosovo were main, not…. [read more]

Political Science - Federal Term Paper

… Political Science - Federal

Political Science

In what ways did the events of 9/11 and the measures taken as a result of the tragedy affect the way in which America viewed itself in terms of its own might, its ability to secure its own citizens and detect new kinds of enemies?

Prior to the bloody and vicious attacks against the United States on that bright September morning in 2001 the American self-view of superiority, might and some may even say invincibility, were as solid and as unshakable as the World Trade Towers themselves. Americans saw their own might in the context of previous victories during the prior century and in the light that that was naturally cast by the sole super power in the world.…. [read more]

what did america think of vietnam in the 1940s Essay

… From the Vietnamese point of view, America lost a great potential ally in Southeast Asia. Had Wilson listened to Ho so many years ago instead of dismissing him, it would have been possible for America to have invested early in the emergence of what could have just as easily become a democratic-socialist regime that would have been indebted to, and therefore allied with, the United States. Ho indeed admired American democratic ideals and institutions, as they also fueled his interest in and passion for independence movements and nationalist politics. Ho could have drawn much from the American psyche, and the United States could have avoided the atrocity of the Vietnam War.
Roosevelt can be forgiven for being far too preoccupied with the Great Depression and…. [read more]

Disrupting America's Economic System Term Paper

… The U.S. Treasury, led by Andrew Shaw, subsidized these gold flows by offering to temporarily place public deposits in banks if they imported gold from abroad.

The policy lowered the gold import point by offsetting the interest lost while gold was in transit. Goodhart [1969], however, notes that the gold import point was often low enough to have justified specie inflows without the subsidy. In the fixed exchange rate world of 1906, such large gold outflows were a significant threat to a country's ability to maintain the par value of its currency, which, for the pound sterling, was $4.867.

Faced with its lowest ratio of reserves to deposits since the 1893 crisis, the Bank of England nearly doubled its discount rate, from 3 1/2% on…. [read more]

Joint Staff Officer Essay

… In many ways, the professional Joint Staff Officer must manifest many of the characteristics of an entrepreneur, but in a military setting. Their primary job is assisting the commander in meeting appropriate goals; but in doing so, they must act in a manner that assists and improves the functioning of their organization. To do so requires drive, tenacity, professionalism, broad knowledge, consistency, the ability to communicate, and behavioral traits that are proactive, even during moments of stress or change. The officer must also understand how to effectively work with military partners: civilians, civil servants, government contractors, and politicians. To do this requires even more professionalism and the ability to go beyond the textbook and apply behavioral and psychological tools to elicit the best possible response…. [read more]

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.