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Colonization of Africa Research Paper

… Colonization of Africa:

The occupation and control of one nation by another is defined as colonialism. Various European countries have colonized many areas of the world including North and South America, Asia, Africa, Australia, and the small islands around the world. Africa was colonized by different European nations between the late 19th century and late 20th century. Prior to the colonization, Europeans had had contact with Africa for long such as through the Atlantic Slave Trade. It was not until the late 19th century that they imposed a formal rule of law over Africa. Regardless of their ideologies, and administrative systems, most of the colonial states justified themselves in the name of civilization and pacification ("Colonialism" par, 3).

In Europe, the 19th century was a…. [read more]


Unbowed Colonization Has Left Essay

… Ironically, Maathai Muta would be using colonial school and education systems against colonial models of economic development. The colonial models of economic development depended on a simplistic business model: cheap labor plus cheap natural resources equals maximum profits for the plunderers. However, British model was devastating Kenya's natural resources, and drawing attention to the underlying labor politics that were making exploitation possible. Maathai Muta recalls how when she grew up, clean drinking water was "everywhere," and hunger was "virtually unknown," (3). Of course, the author grew up under British rule. It was not just colonization that created an unsustainable business and environmental ethic, but it was the mismanagement of the country in the post-colonial era that created the need for rapid and proactive political intervention.…. [read more]


Colonization Features Essay

… Conversely, France seemed to be the least intrusive of the three countries named above because they were able to seek the natives consent just before they were declared to be the subject of the French crown, an approach commonly referred to as assimilation.

As a result of colonialism on the indigenous people, the free and undeveloped lands of the Americans were fully ravaged by the nations in the period following their revelation to the Europe; however, none seemed to be more savaged in their domination than the Spaniards. In particular, Indigenous men and women faced various problems during the period of colonialism. The men had difficulties in comprehending as well as dealing more effectively with the source of disempowerment which for quite a period of…. [read more]


Africa's Political Crisis Most African Term Paper

… Africa is in need of improved political leadership, but not a stronger or bigger state. For Africa to succeed in its post-independent state, it needs leaders who can rise above their ethnic origins and who will create a sense of fair play and rules that apply to all ethnic and socioeconomic groups. Democratic processes would accommodate the development of this sense of fairness.

The government has a key role to play in building a stable, democratic nation, as does the international community. The government must invest in education and health to populate the civil society with independent and activist citizens. It must also create a safe and impartial judicial system to protect private property and contracts, as well as develop effective rules for private competition…. [read more]


Africa Since Independence Review Reaction Paper

… South Africa, for example, is becoming a nation that acknowledges its entire history, and is starting to embrace the whole of it. Native tribes and Afrikaaner people alike can be proud of the progress the nation has made (Bauer & Taylor).

Legum is very optimistic regarding the future of the continent. He sees the return of those first moments of euphoria that accompanied the original freedom from colonialism (72). He says this because it has been a cultural revolution in which people who were long made to suppress their heritage have now been able to embrace it. He believes that the Africa of the past will spread a new renaissance that the people of the present and future can enjoy.

One nation that comes to…. [read more]


Colonialism in Africa Term Paper

… Africa

Colonialism

Events in Europe's social, political, and economic environments caused Africa to go through a rapid process of colonization in the interval of 1880 to 1900.

By the late 1800s, Africa had been sandwiched between different nations: the Turks had Tunisia, Egypt and Libya; Spain possessed NW Africa; whilst France claimed settlements in Senegal, Cote d'Ivore, Benin, and some of Algeria. Now, Britain claimed pieces of it, as, by 1880s, did Europe. Liberia and Ethiopia remained locally governed, but the rest of Africa became a European domicile.

Colonization of Africa had come about due to exploration of the 'dark continent' revealing its values. Another cause had been European settlers settling throughout Africa in order to discourage Arabs and Africans from trading humans as slaves.…. [read more]


South Africa Economy History Research Paper

… South Africa Economy

History of South Africa

Political Situation of the Country

South African Economy

Key Macroeconomic Variables

Justice/Judiciary System of the Country

Environmental Concerns

Health Concerns in South Africa

Society/Family/Culture of the Nation

Religion practiced in South Africa

Education

History of South Africa

South Africa has been a land of people with multiple cultural backgrounds since it was inhabited. Several centuries ago, people from different corners of African land migrated towards south and settled there with families. Additionally, many settlers came from European countries during the period of colonization together with black individuals from other African nations who were hired as slaves. Furthermore, many Asians travelled to South Africa in search of better employment and dwelled there.

Amongst the initial groups of foreigners that…. [read more]


South Africa Sources Of, Developments Term Paper

… South Africa

Sources of, Developments in, and Responses to National and Transnational Threats in Modern South Africa

The second half of the twentieth century was a period of major development and progress for the African continent and many of the individual nations located on that continent. As colonial rule came to an end with World War II or shortly thereafter and the countries and peoples of Africa gained independence and struggled with the problems and responsibilities of modern statehood, new economic and political models were developed, experimented with, implemented, and either allowed to evolve or eradicated and replaced with other experimental forms. Alternatively, power vacuums in many nations have simply led to traditional though highly harmful and despotic military regimes that essentially practice violence to…. [read more]


Colonization, Much of the African Term Paper

… When the European nations decimated the native populations in the Caribbean, North, and South America, a massive labor force was required. This labor force was garnered from Africa. African chiefs and kings bowed to pressure or bribes by European slave traders and handed over throngs of men, women, and children.

Religious conversion was often cited as an excuse to enslave the Africans. In fact, the Catholic Church fully supported the system of slavery in order to attract more subjects ("African Slave System"). Later, slavery was further justified by its necessity in exploiting the natural resources of the New World. The economy of the Americas, especially the United States, would never have burgeoned were it not for slave labor. Eventually, slavery became entrenched in North America…. [read more]


African Development Countries Essay

… Premise 2: The Africans wanted to control their own governments and were ill-prepared.

Therefore: Europeans are responsible for many of the difficulties in Africa at the current historical moment because they did not prepare the people.

Inductive Reasoning -- strong

Third Body Paragraph:

Premise 1: Many of the tribes of Africa hunted and gathered for food.

Premise 2: Industrialization was heavily used by agricultural societies.

Therefore: It was more difficult for the tribes to convert to industry if they were hunter/gatherers.

Inductive Reasoning -- weak

Premise 1: Different tribes and groups did not live together in pre-colonial Africa.

Premise 2: Colonizers forced different tribes to live together.

Therefore: Europeans created situations where disparate groups were forced together and did not or could not get along.…. [read more]


Africa My Favorite Place in the World Essay

… ¶ … Algeria to Zimbabwe, Africa is the most incredible and compelling continent on the planet. African history is the history of humanity itself, as the first human beings came from Africa. The continent has had a tumultuous history and recent turmoil can be traced to the effects of colonization. In spite of the troubles that affect many African nations, the continent remains one of my favorite places in the world to travel and to live. Africa's cultures and cuisines are incredibly varied. Its ecosystems are equally as diverse, ranging from arid deserts to lush rainforests. Because of its diversity of cultural traditions, its rich and varied foods, and its wonderful ecosystems, Africa is my favorite place on the planet.

Africa is a huge continent…. [read more]


Africa There Are Many Ambiguities Article Review

… Idleness in South Africa

The local natives have everything in common with the dumb cattle, barring their human nature….(They) are handicapped in their speech, clucking like turkey-cocks or like the people of Alpine Germany who have developed goiter by drinking the hard snow-water…. Their food consists of herbs, cattle, wild animals and fish. The animals are eaten with their internal organs. Having been shaken out a little, the intestines are not washed, but as soon as the animal has been slaughtered or discovered, these are eaten raw, skin and all.[footnoteRef:2] [2: (Coetzee)]

The description above is geared on the observations of Western settlers when they come into contact with the Hottentots of the Cape of Good Hope. The discourse that is used to describe these…. [read more]


Conference Berlin Consequences Essay

… Chief among these factors was the terrible price of decolonization. IN most instances, European nations refused to abandon their African colonies and make good on the rights of self-determination to these people. Therefore, there were many seditions and rebellions that resulted in a considerable amount of bloodshed as African territories had to literally fight for their right of liberation. When such liberation was achieved, the political instability that rocked these nations was largely able to still continued since new leaders had little experience with centralized forms of government. Oftentimes, colonies would get replaced by new military regimes, that frequently had lifetime presidents -- all of which set the political climate rife for turmoil, infighting, and a unstable government.

Additionally, once European colonies were formally abandoned,…. [read more]


Rise of Imperialism or Colonialism Essay

… Reaction of the people of Africa to colonialism

Africa is probable the place where the revolt against colonialism was most experienced and was carried out in most diverse means, starting from serene dialogue to independence to other varied means like violent revolts till independence.

Most of the African countries revolted using firearms made from the rudimentary home materials, arms stolen from the colonialists to crude weapons like wood planks and machetes. There were deaths of many colonialists as ambushes were organized from the forests and directed to the detention camps where blacks were held and the homes of the white settlers.

Some of the most violent revolts that saw large number of white colonialists as well as African fighters for freedom are Mau Mau uprising…. [read more]


Industrial Capitalism and Imperialism Throughout the Course Essay

… ¶ … Industrial Capitalism and Imperialism

Throughout the course of human history the issue of industrial capitalism and its long-term impacts has been hotly debated. This is because different philosophers believe that the focus on individual greed led to the imperialism at the end of the 19th and early 20th centuries. To fully understand these ideas there will be a focus on the different views of this system according to Engels, the relationship between the two systems and how this contributed to the colonization of Africa. Together, these elements will highlight the way both ideas influenced historical developments.

Who is the "working class" according to Engels?

According to Engels, the working class is described as those people who have lower amounts of skills, education and…. [read more]


Greek Colonization Term Paper

… The trend perpetuated as more colonies were formed, which in turn, gave way to the further acquisition of land. The original Greek cities were barely self-sufficient, and thus, expected "sister" colonies to follow suit. In his book, Early Greece, Murray writes, "Land was an important consideration in all colonies, even those which had other motives as well, for the new city had to be self-sufficient" (111). He continues by saying that without self-sufficiency, a colony could not survive (Murray 111). He also contends that the discovery of new lands was directly related to the increase in Greek population, and the further colonization by "colonial" cities (Murray 111).

Another important consideration in the colonization by the Greeks is the re-emergence of written language. Communication was of…. [read more]


Problems With Colonial Presence in Africa Essay

… ¶ … African Colonization

In the 1870's, 1880's, and 1890's great explosions in the ecclesiastical, educational, military, republican, monarchial traditions took place in Europe. It was a time of great wealth for the bourgeoisie, but tough times for workers. It was also a time of European imperial expansion, as was the case with the European rush into Africa, known as the Scramble for Africa. During this period, the notion of Empire within Europe was very key to the European perception of self. During this period and after, Africa became split into numerous colonies of white settlement. In order to remain safe on a foreign continent, the european colonizers had to portray themselves as natural and undisputed masters of a great many of Africans. They referred…. [read more]


Sociology and Anthropology After 1880 Term Paper

… This gave many Africans the ability to flourish under this system by closely allying themselves with the British. (Foster, 2002, pp. 107 -- 130)

The French system was designed to take the African colonies and impose their values upon them. This meant that the local governments implemented strict controls in how various services were delivered and the kind language that is spoken. The basic idea was to have these French values help to civilize the Africans. As a result, there were vast divisions between many urban and rural centers. In the cities, most people embraced these Western traditions (developing an aristocracy). While those people who lived in the country, continued to practice different tribal customs and ignored many French traditions. The combination of these factors…. [read more]


Colonization in India From English Term Paper

… ¶ … colonization in India from English colonization until today. Specifically it will discuss whether colonialism was a better alternative for India. When the British first began colonizing India in the mid 1750s, the country was ruled by emperors and other leaders who tried to fight British Imperialism, but could not win out over the powerful British. The British occupied Delhi in 1803, and the country was under British control from then until the 20th century. Since then, India has made great strides in many areas including their economy and in technology, which has helped the nation grow stronger and more successful.

While the British took over control of India in the early 19th century, it was not until 1857 and the Rebellion of 1857…. [read more]


Global Inequality South Africa Thesis

… Global Inequality

South Africa is a large nation comprising the southern tip of the African continent. Its capital city is Pretoria, but Johannesburg and Cape Town both have larger populations. The region is rich in natural resources including precious metals, gems, and salt. Mining is the nation's largest industry and South Africa is the world's largest producer of platinum, gold, and chromium (CIA 2009). South Africa is a Republic that consists of nine provinces: Eastern Cape, Free State, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Northern Cape, North-West, and Western Cape. South Africa shares borders with six other nations: Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe. Although South Africa enjoys an expansive coastline, the nation has few sources of fresh water. The nation has no major lakes or…. [read more]


United States: Mitigate China's Influence in African Continent Research Paper

… China's Influence In Africa

Though the United States remain the sole true global superpower following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the end of the Cold War, over the subsequent two decades China has risen to fill some of the subsequent power vacuum, particularly in regions where the United States has never maintained a substantial presence. This is nowhere more true than on the African continent, here China has made important economic, diplomatic, and military inroads with numerous governments at the same time that the United States' focus is directed towards the Middle East, and particularly the War on Terror. China's success in Africa and the United States' own difficulties in the region are the result of historical and cultural factors that benefit the…. [read more]


Colonialism, Violence, Religion, Struggle for Liberation, Etc. In South Africa Research Paper

… South Africa

Colonialism, Racism, and Violence: The History of the Struggle for Liberation in South Africa

The colonialism that began to take over the world in the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries and that still arguably exists in certain economic as well as overtly political schemas today has had an enormous impact on the cultural and political development of much of the world. Colonial powers, generally European or "Western" in origin, have instilled systems of racial, religious, ethnic, and gender-based distinctions in countries that did not know this type of institutional prejudice prior to colonial periods, often making the native inhabitants of countries "others" in the span of a few generations. When the culture that is actually tied to a piece of land and the people…. [read more]


Since 1800 Term Paper

… Africa Since 1800 is primarily a survey text of the recent history of the continent of Africa. However, even a survey history of a region still has a clear ideological point-of-view in terms of what the authors chose to include and exclude. This text, although factually correct and valuable in its treatment of often uncovered areas of African history and territory, tends to deemphasize the immorality of the colonialist impulse, and locate anti-colonial resistance as part of a larger history of a region characterized by frequent struggles for dominance by a variety of political leaders. Authors Roland Oliver and Anthony Atmore in no way defend colonialism, but they wish to present what they believe to be balanced and fairly dispassionate overview of the region.

The…. [read more]


Portugal Influence in Africa in 16th Century Essay

… Portuguese Presence in Africa in the 16th Century

On June 18, 1452 Pope Nicholas V issued Dum Diversas, a papal bull that opened the way for the West African Slave trade by authorizing Afonso V of Portugal the authority to enslave non-Christians indefinitely. In part this document says, "…we grant to you full and free power, through the Apostolic authority by this edict, to invade, conquer, fight, subjugate the Saracens and pagans, and other infidels and other enemies of Christ…" This approval of slavery was reaffirmed and extended in his Romanus Pontifex bull of 1455. These papal bulls came to serve as a justification for the subsequent era of slave trade and European colonialism.

Discussion

The Portuguese exploration along the coasts of Africa had an…. [read more]


Imperialism in Africa Dbq Term Paper

… Imperialism in Africa; DBQ

The imperialism in Africa has been interpreted in many different ways depending on the point-of-view that one is looking at it from. The result though is apparent that it led to the curving up of vast colonies for the European world from the Africa and Asian continents. Below are the impacts that imperialism brought and the varying views that were expressed by the binary sides.

Document

O.P. Austin, "Does Colonization Pay" the Forum, 1900

"Modern progressive nations lying in the temperate zone seek to control garden spots' in the tropics. [mainly in Africa, Latin America, and Asia] Under [the progressive nations] direction, these places can yield tropical produce. In return, the progressive nations bring to the people of those garden spots…. [read more]


Colonization of Latin America Research Paper

… Latin America has seen the rise of colonialism in recent times. This has brought on some problems. Colonialism brought to Latin America the quick spread and influence of Christianity into the land, replacing traditional religions. European languages like Spanish, English, Portuguese, Dutch, and French have been introduced to the native people. With immigration from European countries and some Asian countries, millions of natives died and were killed due to the illnesses and diseases brought by the foreigners. Furthermore, a small minority of upper class control/controlled the vast majority of any colony or country's resources through generation of class societies.

Foreign invasion also brought division among numerous tribes from the result of European-generated borders. Lastly, much of the resources existent in Latin America were mined by…. [read more]


Africa Thesis

… African Beginnings

Africa was the beginning

Africa was the beginning: Afrocentric and multicultural views

Promoter

The problematics of the Afrocentric or African orientated approach to an understanding of religious and biblical texts is a cause for concern among many theologians and historians. There is the stance and perception that the Bible and biblical scholarship has been biased by a mainly Eurocentric and 'white' view of biblical history. This view is clearly stated in the following comment; "Afrocentricity, when genuinely understood, is simply the idea that Africa and persons of African descent must be seen as proactive subjects within history rather than as passive objects of Western triumphalism."

Critics of the Eurocentric interpretation of the Bible and religious history also suggest that Afrocentric biblical interpretation is…. [read more]


Positive and Negative Impacts Western Essay

… According to famed historian Walter Rodney, European countries deliberately retarded African development so that they could exploit the continent's mineral and labor resources.[footnoteRef:1] Of course, the most obvious form of European colonial exploitation of Africa and Africans was slavery, which Rodney called "the basic factor" in Africa's underdevelopment. Though slavery goes back to ancient times, the emergence of the Trans-Atlantic slave trade in the mid-fifteenth century created a racial hierarchy in Africa that legitimized the expropriation of Africans' labor by force.[footnoteRef:2] This racial hierarchy existed, in modified form, in South Africa as late as 1994; called "apartheid," it was a system of legal discrimination and enforced segregation that had its roots in slavery. Slavery tainted everything, even Europe's "gifts" to the Africans; for instance, the…. [read more]


Imperialisms in Congo Essay

… 88).

Economic impacts

The economic stability of Congo was not in any safer state before the start of the renewed imperialism. The renewed imperialism resulted in what is today a major blow to the African economy. The economic plans that had been put by the African countries were less of future growths and developments. This means that the departure of the Europeans from Congo left many economies in turmoil. Congo is one of the nations in the world that is suffering from poor economic structures.

These structures are dated back to the time of colonization. Moreover, the political unrests in the region have forced many investors, and economic builders to abandon Congo and engage with other African countries like Kenya and Nigeria together with South…. [read more]


Westernization African Culture Essay

… It was also during this century that the European power stepped out to prove their power politically, and with the aim of expanding their presumed civilization they conquered foreign land and had vast colonies. They imposed a political, economic and cultural colonization across the African continent. This was an ultimate destruction of the rule system and African native governance and replacing it with a foreign system of government. They were out to get the raw materials that could fuel their quest for civilization so that the entire Europe can be a modern society, hence used the means of governance that could fit them and enable them access to the raw materials.

The other unfortunate thing that westernization saw into fruition is the breakout of wars.…. [read more]

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