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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]

Impact of PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American Females Term Paper

… ¶ … PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American females

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder refers to a psychological disorder caused by experiences that are threatening in nature. These experiences make the victims of PTSD undergo psychological, biological changes besides impairing the victim's ability of function properly in life.


PTSD studies have revealed that African-Americans are associated with low rates of substance use disorders. However, some researchers have indicated that African-Americans have higher rates of disorders related to anxiety. Regarding PTSD, existing studies have shown that African-Americans have higher rates compared to European-Americans. In 2010, at least twenty percent of African-Americans have PTSD compared to European-Americans' fourteen percent. A comparison between African-Americans and European-Americans reveals that the African-American group has higher rates of PTSD. Other studies…. [read more]

PTSD the Nature of Police Work Increases Thesis


The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder

Police Work

The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder (PTSD)

There is a general consensus that there are a very high number of police officers that suffer from PTSD, which has a decidedly negative impact on the individual and the functioning of the police force. As one study notes; "All too many police officers are victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" (Police and PTSD, 2005, para.1). Post traumatic stress disorder is understood as a response to traumatic stress, such as having to kill someone in the line of duty.

Another area of concern that emerges from the literature is that there is a relative paucity…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Is a Serious Term Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a serious anxiety disorder that is likely to develop following exposure to an incident or event that contributes to psychological trauma. Notably, it's normal to have feelings of sadness, anxiety, panic, and disconnected after a traumatic experience. However, if these feelings do not fade and the individual feels trapped in an ongoing sense of danger and painful memories, he/she may be suffering from the post traumatic stress disorder. The likelihood of the development of this disease is associated with the fact that individual seems overwhelmed with the experience and unlikely to get over it and feel normal again. This illness is less frequent and more persistent since it's brought by psychological trauma. Nonetheless, an individual can overcome this condition and…. [read more]

PTSD Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders and Personal Beliefs Essay


Post-Traumatic Stress Disorders and Personal Beliefs

The focus of my studies and of my anticipated professional practice is Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder within the context of educational psychology. This specialization is pursued with an emphasis on veterans of combat-related experiences. This particularly vulnerable population drives both the research and the personal orientation taken toward the subject. The connection between combat-experience and PTSD is inextricable and evokes a certain sense of responsibility for me.

In accordance with my personal beliefs, attitudes and values, the sacrifices made by combat soldiers and by their families is a significant one and one that carries many physical and mental health implications. Thus, I am inclined to view it as society's responsibility to ensure that this particular population is attended to…. [read more]

PTSD Developing and Supporting Essay

… Sources of data, method of collection, and variables

The authors administered self-report questionnaire containing 17 different items aiming at eliciting responses related to the PTSD. The sample used was significant as it involved health aid workers from four organizations that provide aid to vulnerable communities. The variables in the study included age, sex, and economic status.

Methods of data analysis

The information was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for statistical analysis. ANOVA and Fischer's chat was used to provide the prediction of the patterns of the PTSD.


The results indicated that the participants reported stress traumatic disorder because of their occupation. Individuals with low economic status were at high risk of PTSDs.


The authors provide directions for the…. [read more]

PTSD Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD Individuals Term Paper


Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD

Individuals returning from military combat are among the most vulnerable demographics to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its related consequences of emotional instability, psychological despair, substance abuse and a host of other war-related dissonances. In the wake of the protracted conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, it has become increasingly apparent that there is a need to prepare through better understanding for a new generation of individuals that are highly vulnerable to the PTSD and its related consequences. The discussion here with therefore consider military-related PTSD in light of several different qualitative research approaches. These will lend insight into the various ways that PTSD might be better understood.

Ethnographic Research:

Based on the pretense that clinical and laboratory observations…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Peer Reviewed Journal

… These include training that the NG/R receive is different from active duty personnel. while the active duty personnel can build and reinforce their skills daily, the NG/R train only a weekend in every month and two weeks during summer. Maybe due to the different military roles the NG/R personnel are separated from their families a few times because of military commitments. Therefore, they are adequately prepared to deal with military separation as compared to active duty personnel.

Two types of stressors are mentioned; mission related stressors associated with warfare circumstances or interpersonal stressors that result from pressure that comes from an individual being separated from their family and working closely with other troops (Wiley, 2008).

Mission related stressors that have implications of post deployment health…. [read more]

Combat and Substance Abuse Posttraumatic Research Paper

… There are significant limitations to this conclusion, including a selection bias introduced by studying only veterans seeking care through the VA. Many veterans may be ineligible for medical coverage through the VA, have private medical coverage, or distrust the VA. Other veterans may be reluctant to admit having a substance abuse problem. The methodological problems could be addressed by academic institutions with no formal ties to the VA.

In spite of these significant limitations, the above findings suggest that the dominant risk factors for substance abuse are similar for civilians and military personnel alike. Youth and mental illness appear to be the biggest risk factors, while combat exposure may contribute only a few percentage points. Mental health therefore determines the prevalence of substance abuse behavior…. [read more]

PTSD Over the Last Several Years, Post-Traumatic Research Paper


Over the last several years, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been increasingly brought to the forefront. This is because a number of veterans returning from Iraq and Afghanistan were experiencing them most common symptoms. These include: the existence of a recognizable stressor, the re-experiencing of events, reduced involvement in the world around them and instances of sleep disturbance / guilt / trouble concentrating. (Freidman, 2010, pg. 5) This is important, because they are highlighting how the condition can affect so many veterans who have returned from these areas. To fully understand what it taking place requires conducting a literature review that will examine: the purpose of our study and the lasting impacts on those individuals who are suffering from the disease. Once this takes…. [read more]

Veterans Diagnosed With Post Traumatic Essay

… Veterans Diagnosed With Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

"Resources for Veterans diagnosed with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) after transitioning back into a civilian lifestyle

Veterans with Post Traumatic Stress Disorders transition to civilian lifestyle

PTSD is an "injury to the mind" in which a traumatic event causes lasting anxiety (McFarlane, Williamson, & Barton, 2009). PTSD may be difficult to treat, since stigma may prevent service members from seeking help (McFarlane et al., 2009). Study published in the American Medical Association Journal by (Shalev et al., 2001), show over a third of troops coming back from Iraq have been assessed to be at risk of PTSD and other mental health situations on their Post Deployment Health Assessment (PDHA).

The Military Health Service (MHS) recorded 39,365 patients…. [read more]

Veterans of Foreign War and PTSD Substance Abuse Research Paper

… High Risk Family Analysis

Veterans of Foreign Wars: Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

and Substance Abuse Risks and Analysis

In beginning to assess the affects of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and its link to substance abuse among veterans of foreign wars, a survey questionnaire was distributed to 75 veterans (68 male and 7 female), with the following questions for their addressing: 1.) Have you experienced any mental health issues since returning from deployment or war; 2.) Do you abuse alcohol or drugs; 3.) Do you suffer from PTSD; 4.) Were you diagnosed with any mental health disorder; 5.) Do you feel that your substance abuse is related to your PTSD or your service in the war; and 6.) Do you feel that you have suffered…. [read more]

Common Substances of Abuse Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Dependency

Discuss the social effects of psychoactive substance use and abuse. What are some risk factors for first experimenting with alcohol and drugs? What are some intervention strategies?

The article by Grinsteinner (2006) highlights the permeation of alcohol in teen culture. For many teens, consuming alcohol is something of a rite of passage. This denotes that social dimensions play a great role in the decision to begin drinking. Indeed, while tobacco and marijuana use are observable among teens, the social effects of alcohol in particular are considerable. Grinsteinner relays that "according to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, roughly 10.8 million underage persons ages 12 to 20 (28.7%) reported current alcohol use. Of these underage drinkers, 4.4 million were ages…. [read more]

Impact of Substance Abuse on Disability Essay

… ¶ … Substance Abuse on Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

What is the incidence of substance abuse in individuals with this disability?

According to a recent study by Janikowski, Donnelly and Lawrence (2007), "As a group, people with disabilities have a higher rate of alcohol and drug use problems when compared to the general population. Up to six million people with disabilities also have co-existing substance abuse problems and that these disabilities may present obstacles to recovery" (p. 15). People who experience or witness some type of psychological trauma do not always experience long-term emotional distress or engage in substance abusing behaviors. According to Volpicelli, Balaraman, Hahn, Wallace and Bux (1999), "Rather, the likelihood of experiencing adverse consequences is related to the victim's ability to cope with…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Intervention for Homeless Youth Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Homeless Youth

The focus of this research paper is to discuss the connection between homelessness in youth populations and substance abuse. "Homeless young adults are defined as individuals between 12 and 24 years of age who are without stable housing and who identify with the culture and economy of living on the street [1, 7-9]. Identification with street culture includes engaging in accepted practices for earning money (such as panhandling), adopting unique slang language and developing strategies to prevent victimization" (Gomez et al., 2010). Thus, with homeless youths, the homelessness is not a temporary flirtation with time away from home, but a complete and thorough transition to life on the streets. This distinction is important to make, as this paper is will…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Addictive Drug Essay

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder and Addictive Drug Treatments

The two ongoing U.S. military involvements in Iraq and Afghanistan have dramatically increased the numbers of American servicemen and service women returning from overseas service with traumatic physical and psychological injuries and disabilities that complicate their re-assimilation back into civilian society and emotionally stable interpersonal relationships. Among the more difficult conditions to resolve satisfactorily are the long-term conditioned psychological responses to prolonged repeated exposure to threats to one's life and to numerous experiences of losing comrades in combat and witnessing the graphic human carnage of modern warfare.

Post Traumatic Stress Syndrome (PTSS) or Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a condition caused by warfighting and its symptoms can be highly debilitating. Generally, PTSD treatments have focused on…. [read more]

PTSD Essay

… 1052).

A social worker can help Betty apply for health insurance for her husband that may alleviate the costs of both the surgery and the physical therapy. Additional services should the husband gain better health insurance would be to have a personal care attendant help him in daily tasks.

These two main referrals help resolve the immediate and long-term problems Betty may experience from the tornado-related trauma. She will be able to help her husband through the help of a social worker. She then will be able to help herself with CBT therapy. Each of these referrals not only help Betty, but also her husband in achieving the level of stability they need.


As mentioned earlier, research suggests CBT is an effective treatment option…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Essay

… However, the researchers generated interpretations for what their data imply. They assessed the data corresponded with their research objectives, determined uncertainty areas and confirmed that further research is needed to find strategies that would put to remission the augmented danger of dementia linked to PTSD. In this regard, the researchers could have developed a PICO format that identifies the population or problem subject to research, intervention, comparison and outcomes (Bernadette & Ellen, 2011).

PICO directs a research study and functions well in research concerning healthcare interventions. For instance, to ensure patients favorable upshots the researchers should have developed the following PICO question to guide them in their study, "In all veterans suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder,(P) does preventing, early intervention and limiting PTSD effectively…. [read more]

PTSD Flashbacks Term Paper

… ¶ … flashback episodes experienced by Vietnam Veterans who are suffering from Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). The proposal is for research that will investigate the triggers, length and number of flashback experienced by this population. There were five sources used to complete this proposal.

When the movie Fourth of July starring Tom Cruise hit the theaters years ago it brought an eye opening revelation to America about the problems Vietnam Veterans brought home with them. For awhile, the public was sympathetic to their plight but as with anything else that hits the public's eye, it was soon replaced by the next movie and the plight of the veterans fell by the wayside, however there are still thousands of Vietnam veterans walking around each day…. [read more]

Children With PTSD and Social Workers Research Proposal

… Diagnosis and Treatment


The DSM-5 criteria set for PTSD in children older than 6 and those younger than 6 are similar (Lubit, 2014). This is exposure to a real, actual or threatened death, injury or sexual attack. There should be one or more symptoms linked to the traumatic event or experience. These must be persistent avoidance of the stimulus connected with the event or disturbed perception of it as well as the mood linked to the event. There should also be strong changes in arousal and reaction to the event. The disturbance should be more than a month. There should also be great mental suffering or disturbed relationship with family members, caregivers or changed behavior in school. The victim should demonstrate an inability to…. [read more]

War Veteran PTSD Stigma and Interventions Research Paper

… This will open the door for more interventions—and the issue of screening should also be considered. These are the topics I would like to pursue in greater detail.


  1. Christova, P., James, L. M., Engdahl, B. E., Lewis, S. M., & Georgopoulos, A. P. (2015). Diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) based on correlations of pre-whitened fMRI data: outcomes and areas involved. Experimental brain research, 233(9), 2695-2705.

  2. Jakupcak, M., Conybeare, D., Phelps, L., Hunt, S., Holmes, H. A., Felker, B., ... & McFall, M. E. (2007). Anger, hostility, and aggression among Iraq and Afghanistan war veterans reporting PTSD and subthreshold PTSD. Journal of Traumatic Stress: Official Publication of The International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies, 20(6), 945-954.

  3. Kearney, D. J., McDermott, K., Malte, C., Martinez,…. [read more]

Looking at Risk for Developing PTSD Two Studies Article Review

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that has features of depression, dissociation, anxiety, and even sometimes psychotic features (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). PTSD is a syndrome that develops after a person is involved in, sees, or hears of a severe and extreme traumatic stressor which can either occur to themselves or a loved one. The person reacts to the stressor with helplessness, fear, avoidance of things that remind them of the event, and may persistently relive the event (APA, 2013). PTSD is a disorder that is often associated with combat veterans, but can also be experienced by civilians undergoing extreme traumatic stress. Nonetheless, with the recent deployments of U.S. military personnel in the Middle East much of the research focus remains on…. [read more]

Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans Research Proposal

… Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans

The work of Solomon, Mikulincer and Avitzur (1988) entitled: "Coping, Locus of Control, Social Support and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Prospective Study" states that participation puts soldiers "under intense pressures that can impair their functioning. The most widespread manifestation of psychopathology on the battlefield is combat stress reaction (CSR), also known as battle shock and battle fatigue." (Solomon, Mikulincer, and Avitzur, 1998) states that characteristics of CSR include: (1) psychomotor retardation; (2) withdrawal; (3) increased sympathetic activities; (4) stuttering; (5) confusion; (6) nausea; (7) vomiting; and (8) paranoid reactions. (p. 279) Stated as the most common element in "all of these varied manifestations" is the cease to function efficiency by soldiers in…. [read more]

Women Veterans and Hypertension in Houston Term Paper

… Women Veterans and Hypertension in Houston

Women Veterans and Hypertension

Community Diagnosis: Women Veterans and Hypertension in Houston

HGT Community Health Practicum

Community Diagnosis: Women Veterans and Hypertension in Houston

Ever since the U.S. military transitioned to an all volunteer force in 1973 the proportion female veterans has increased significantly (VA, 2011). While women have historically been excluded from serving in combat positions, such as the infantry, this policy has gone through several revisions in a post-9/11 America. Accordingly, the number of female veterans incurring service-related disabilities qualifying them for life-long medical care through the Veterans Health Administration is also increasing (VHA). The most common disabilities among female veterans, in order of prevalence, are posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), lower back pain, migraine, and major depression.…. [read more]

Ipads for PTSD Term Paper

… Conclusion

The Central New York Veterans Outreach Center plans to purchase seven iPads for use by the Executive Director, benefits counselors, case managers, and mental health counselors. The staff will use the iPads for note taking and client records. They will also facilitate client use of an app called PTSD Coach. The iPads will be used in the office and for home visits. The iPads and accessories will be paid for by the proceeds from a VFW fundraiser, which have already been pledged to CNYVOC and which should total between six and seven thousand dollars. Training for the iPads is minimal and will be conducted in-house, at no additional cost to the Center. Implementation of the iPads will enable the staff to better serve clients…. [read more]

Post Deployment on Family Life Literature Review

… Thus, the impact of post-combat mental disorders may extend beyond the lifespan of the afflicted service member to stretch across generations. (Karney, et al., 2008)

Karney et al. (2008) makes recommendations for future research including the following areas:

(10 Address causal relationships. The model proposed here suggests that the experience of a post-combat mental disorder is a cause of negative outcomes for service members, in that they account for the experience of negative outcomes that the service member would not have experienced in the absence of the disorder. The research reviewed in this report is consistent with this position, but the vast majority has not been capable of ruling out alternative interpretations. Most of this research has relied on cross-sectional and retrospective designs, i.e., research…. [read more]

Mental and Health Issues a Soldier Goes Through After the War Research Paper

… Mental Health

Nearly 40% of all soldiers returning from Iraq and Afghanistan received mental health diagnoses (Seal, Metzler, Gima, Bertenthal, Maguen & Marmar, 2009). That number is likely to be underestimated, due to the fact that the Post-Deployment Health Assessment (PDHA) screenings take place immediately upon returning from active duty but that many soldiers do not start to exhibit symptoms of mental illness for three months or even longer after returning (Milliken, Auchterlonie & Hoge, 2007). Between 8 and 14% of all soldiers are reporting "serious functional impairment due to either PTSD or depression," (Thomas, Wilk, Riviere, McGurk, Castro, & Hoge, 2010, p. 1). Understanding mental health issues among American veteran populations is a pressing public health concern.

That soldiers experience mental health issues should…. [read more]

Drug and Alcohol Abuse in the Military Research Paper

… Substance Abuse of Military Personnel and Veterans and Appropriate Sources of Treatment

Substance abuse is an increasingly serious problem amongst military personnel and veterans. Not all treatment methods are created equal, however. This research will seek to specifically explore and evaluate one of the most commonly recommended methods to address substance abuse in the form of 7 dimensions stress therapy (7 DST).

dimensions stress therapy (7 DST) and combined psychotherapy will be shown to be both more effective for the patient and also more cost effective for the healthcare system because of its targeted and goal-oriented approach.

Is 7 DST and combined psychotherapy more effective in addressing substance abuse in veterans and service personnel?

Literature review

To understand how to treat substance abuse one must…. [read more]

Skills, and Professional Attributes Essay

… Furthermore, personality theory is going to be important to consider, since the way an individuals' personality is able to adapt to trauma plays a huge role in the way one coming home from war and suffering from PTSD could integrate back into the regular world.

The main characteristics of the culturally skilled practitioner

The most authoritative review in recent years, by researchers from Columbia University and other institutions, suggested that nearly 19% of Vietnam War veterans succumbed to PTSD as a direct result of military combat. In addition, "The more severe the exposure to war zone stresses, the greater the likelihood of developing post-traumatic stress disorder and having it persist for many years," said Bruce P. Dohrenwend, an epidemiologist at Columbia University. (McKenna, 2006).

Fast…. [read more]

Substance Abuse Assessment

… Practitioner Case Study: Establishing Rapport and Engagement

The Presenting Problem

Frank was a 33-year-old African-American man who had two consecutive referrals. The caseworker to whom he was first referred claimed a poor fit, so he passed Frank on to a second caseworker at the same agency. According to the first caseworker and later reiterated by Frank, he came for treatment because his attorney suggested it. They hoped it would favorably influence the judge when it came time to sentence Frank for shooting his wife. (According to Frank, she startled him out of sleep and he reacted as to a threat.) Frank did not see alcohol use as relevant to his current situation. In fact, it was the first caseworker's early inquiries about alcohol use that…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.