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Compare Gilgamesh and One Other Hero Essay

… Hero

Written on a series of stone tablets, only a few of which remain completely intact, the Epic of Gilgamesh is one of the earliest known written narratives. One of the hallmarks of the Epic of Gilgamesh is that it encapsulates the hero's journey. The hero's journey is a narrative structure that repeats itself throughout the great works of literature, and especially within the category of epics. Like Gilgamesh, Jesus of Nazareth undergoes the hero's journey and transformation. This paper compares the older Epic of Gilgamesh with the narrative of Jesus, using the framework of the epic hero's journey from the ordinary world, through a series of ordeals and adventures, culminating in the hero's resurrection and return. Comparing and contrasting the Epic of Gilgamesh with…. [read more]

Hero Has the Ability to Face Adverse Essay

… Hero has the ability to face adverse situations without any fear. They put the well-being of others before their own well-being. They do not necessarily have to be physically strong or have muscles that are able to life entire buildings at once; they just have to have a strong character. Although in modern society, it can be rare to find actual heros, individuals who are selfless and thoughtful of others, they are still found. Soldiers are today's modern heros. Specifically, soldiers fighting in the Middle East, whether it is Iraq or Afghanistan, are the individuals that everyone should look up to because of their bravery. They encounter the evils of war everyday, yet they persevere with dignity and ambition. Having to be on their toes…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Moses Essay

… Gilgamesh and Moses

Both of these heroic figures go on quests or epic journeys in their stories. Moses leads his people across the desert from Egypt to Israel, while Gilgamesh's quest is to seek life forever after his friend Enkidu dies. The unknown author of the epic poem "Gilgamesh" writes, "Supreme over other kings, lordly in appearance, / he is the hero, born of Uruk, the goring wild bull. / He walks out in front, the leader, / and walks at the rear, trusted by his companions" (Kovacs 4). Both of these heroes are portrayed as larger than life figures with many heroic qualities, such as Gilgamesh's ability to triumph over many obstacles and convince others of his plans, and Moses' ability to convince the…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and God the Cultures Research Paper

… His interaction with the goddess Ishtar for example is extremely important to the rest of the narrative of the poem. When he rejects Ishtar's sexual advances, she uses her power to convince her father to punish the former object of her affection. She says to her father, "I want to bring [the bull of Heaven] to the earth, I want to kill that liar Gilgamesh and destroy his palace" (Mitchell 2004,-page 136). The father only agrees when he has ascertained that Ishtar has planned ahead and taken care to protect the Uruk people from starvation. In these civilizations, the gods are believed to be directly involved in the lives of human beings (Harris 1997,-page 81). This direct interaction leads to highly religious populations because they…. [read more]

Epic Heroes Essay

… Epic of Gilgamesh and The Odyssey as Examples

The qualities of a hero outlined previously in the definition entails a summary of very common heroic qualities that have been part of the qualities displayed by historical hero figures. Such two historical figures who have been immortalized in the historical context due to their epic nature are Odysseus from the historical tale 'The Odyssey' and the other being Gilgamesh from the 'Epic of Gilgamesh'. These tales tell the story about both the heroes, where Odysseus, a common human, is seeking to get to his home from Troy after the Trojan War throughout the tale, detailing his adventurous journey back home. The tale of Gilgamesh, on the other hand, explains his efforts and actions that he takes…. [read more]

Okonkwo and Gilgamesh Comparison Essay

… It was deeper and more intimate than the fear of evil and capricious gods and magic..." A constant fear of becoming weak and looking like his father pushed him to bring about his own destruction (Achebe 2). Gilgamesh doesn't come to a tragic end on the other hand. He managed to move past his ego and his fear of mortality. He overcame his fear of mortality by the overwhelming realization of the power of love. Due to this thrust of wisdom, Gilgamesh forgoes his prior oppressive behaviour and becomes a good ruler to his kingdom. His selfishness is transformed into selflessness and he cares about the people of kingdom. The journeys in his life teach him lessons and he is receptive enough to learn from…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Roland the Epic Essay

… Another work that is considered to be one of the greatest in Western literature is The Song of Roland, and comes from a time close to three thousands years after The Epic of Gilgamesh originated. The Song of Roland is a Medieval epic poem, believed to be written somewhere in the mid-1100's and is the oldest work in French literature. It was written in the style of literature known as chanson de geste, often translated as "songs of great deeds," and "relies on a paratactic sentence structure and the power of juxtaposition. It has minimal non-periodic enjambment, its syntax is rigid, and each assonantal line…forms a complete clause." (Maxwell, 2002, p.465) This type of rigid arrangement is a reflection of the Medieval society's sense of…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Noah Human Beings Have Passed Article Critique

… Gilgamesh and Noah

Human beings have passed down stories throughout the ages, altering and evolving them to reflect the cultural and historical context of their reception and recitation. Perhaps the most famous of these stories is the myth of a Great Flood, most widely known to the Western world in the story of Noah and his ark, as recorded in Genesis. However, the earliest extant version of a Great Flood story is found in the ancient Mesopotamian collection of poems called the Epic of Gilgamesh, when the titular hero seeks out the lone, immortal survivor of a Great Flood so that he might attain immortality for himself. By comparing the two versions of largely the same story, one is able to see how either story…. [read more]

Gilgamesh, Beowulf, and Young Goodman Essay

… Furthermore, Grendel serves to provide Beowulf purpose in the epic. Without Grendel's terrorism, Beowulf would not have gone to Heorot and not formed a relationship with Hrothgar, who would later come to serve as his mentor. Grendel's terrorism against Heorot also prompts the first of Beowulf's three quests; in order to prove himself as a warrior in Heorot, Beowulf must defeat Grendel regardless of the costs. Because Beowulf fails to kill Grendel at the great mead hall, he must follow him back to his lair. The fulfillment of this initial quest also allows Beowulf to establish a relationship with Hrothgar who serves as a mentor to Beowulf and teaches him qualities that are needed to be a good king. Throughout the epic, the reader sees…. [read more]

Superman Only One-Third Mortal, Gilgamesh Essay

… ¶ … superman only one-third mortal, Gilgamesh becomes the unwitting hero of a tragic tale. Being two-thirds a god, the King of Uruk leads his people with an iron fist, letting his divine nature turn him into an arrogant and oppressive leader. The Epic of Gilgamesh explores Gilgamesh's relationship with himself and his own hubris extensively throughout the twelve tablets upon which the Sumerian text was written. However, Gilgamesh needed a major catharsis to initiate his personal transformation. The gods are the primary force responsible for Gilgamesh's changing from a brutal ruler to an altruistic one. Creating Enkidu as Gilgamesh's only viable nemesis turns out to be the catalyst for the title character. Enkidu, unlike Gilgamesh, is entirely mortal. His death is what makes Gilgamesh…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Aeneas the Epic Term Paper

… Gilgamesh also seems more detached from his homeland, his family, and any type of support network than Aeneas does. Enkidu, who was newly created, is his only friend. Before Enkidu's death, Gilgamesh takes his homeland for granted. Only after his hardship-strewn journey did Gilgamesh learn to appreciate and love Uruk, symbolized by his newfound admiration for the city walls in Book 11. The king advises the boatman to examine the walls: "Study the base, the brick, the old design. / is it permanent as can be?

Does it look like wisdom designed it?" Finally, at the end of his traumatic journey, Gilgamesh contemplates the necessity of wisdom in his role as king. He was forced to sacrifice ego and vainglory to become a more just,…. [read more]

Gilgamesh Epic, 2000 Term Paper

… Moreover, the hero's wanderings are the mechanism and backdrop for change, yet it is the death of Enkidu that is the catalyst for change and makes the poem a tale of growth, "of discovery of human suffering, limitation, death, and finally human meaning" (Abusch pp). Without the hero's wanderings, there would be no possibility for development and moral growth (Abusch pp).

According to Louise Westling, behind the epic lies a long and powerful tradition focused on the feminine as the source of cosmic vitality (Westling pp). During the Neolithic period, a large body of symbolic practice was devoted to defining women's bodies as analogous to the fruit and grain-bearing earth (Westling pp). Westling says that central to the epic is the conflict between the hero's…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Odysseus Different Heroic Ideals Research Proposal

… Gilgamesh and Odysseus: Different Heroic Ideals

The concept of the hero is at least as old as civilization itself, and possibly even older. Virtually all cultures from all periods have stories of their heroes, whether mythological, historical, or both. It can even be difficult to tell the difference between the two at times; even many of the heroes of the American Revolution and other national heroes had taken on mythic status before they were even halfway in the grave. With heroes that are even older, separating mythological tales from historical facts can be even more difficult, yet they shed abundant light on what each various culture idealizes as heroic behaviors and personalities. That is, the qualities of historical figures that find their way into the…. [read more]

Gilgamesh: Epic Hero Literature Review

… Gilgamesh

The Sumerian tale, The Epic of Gilgamesh, and the Gospel of Luke from the Christian Bible do not seem to have much in common. However, a close examination of these two texts reveals that each recounts the story of the archetypal "Epic Hero." The Epic Hero starts from a relatively ordinary station in life, and then has the opportunity to accept a challenge that can lead to tremendous transformation. Usually, there is a journey involved for the Epic Hero. After some suffering, and near failure, the Hero is ultimately successful. Providing in-depth analysis of The Epic of Gilgamesh and the Gospel of Luke, including an assessment of their historical context, this paper will show how both Gilgamesh and Jesus, the hero of the Gospel…. [read more]

Gilgamesh and Odysseus Different Heroic Ideals Term Paper

… ¶ … epic poem "Gilgamesh" and "The Odyssey" by Homer. Specifically it will discuss the heroes of the two works, Gilgamesh and Odysseus, two heroes with very different ideals. Both King Gilgamesh and Odysseus are heroes; there is no doubt about their heroic natures, their bravery, and their larger than life presence. However, they do embody very different heroic ideals, and so, they cannot be compared as heroes, they must be compared as men, brave leaders, and wanderers, who both embody the heroic ideal, but do it in quite different ways that make them exactly who they are, strong men with a journey to complete, and the wits to complete it successfully.

Both King Gilgamesh and Odysseus are clearly heroic and larger than life figures…. [read more]

Things Fall Apart and Gilgamesh Essay

… Gilgamesh harnesses his defiant power to overcome the Humbaba, despite the monster's pleas for his life, delivering a lethal blow to the beast's neck and striking him down with finality. This scene bears many similarities to Okonkwo's climactic confrontation with a group of Christian missionaries, who tell him derisively that "the white man whose power you know too well has ordered this meeting to stop" (Achebe 197). face-to-face with the object of his repressed hatred, a living symbol of the invisible force eroding the Umuofian way of life, the formerly fearsome clan leader acts decisively, and "in a flash & #8230; Okonkwo's machete descended twice and the man's head lay beside his uniformed body" (Achebe 197). United by the existential threats to their position within…. [read more]

Epic Heroes Thesis

… Epic Heroes - a Comparison of Odysseus, Rama, and Gilgamesh

The ancient Greek warrior and king of Ithaca Odysseus, the Indian deity and prince Rama, and the ancient Mesopotamian demigod Gilgamesh are all heroes involved in epic 'quests.' Odysseus embarks upon a quest for his home, Ithaca. Rama goes in search of his wife Sita while he is banished to the forest to wander for fourteen years because of the vow his father made to one of his other queens. Gilgamesh goes in search of eternal life while he is in mourning for the death of his friend, Enkidu. Odysseus' quest illustrates the value and importance of home in ancient Greek society, while Rama's willingness to leave his kingdom for his father indicates the value…. [read more]

Near Eastern Influence on Classical Greek Myth Essay

… 4. Sacrifices of doves and incense are made to Aphrodite alone in Greece, and Astarte receives the same.

5. Aphrodite may be armed and bestow victory, while Ishtar is the Mesopotamian warrior goddess.

6. Prostitution seems to be found in connection with Aphrodite, particularly at Corinth…and this is, of course, a notorious feature of the goddess in Phoenicia and in Mesopotamia.[footnoteRef:4] [4: Charles Penglase. Greek Myths and Mesopotamia: Parallels and Influence in the Homeric Hymns and Hesiod. (London: Routledge, 1994.) pp.136-7.]

Penglase notes, but ultimately rejects, the possibility of a rival thesis which claims parallel descent from a third (unknown source) -- instead, he argues that direct influence can be shown in this way. The parallels become even more suggestive, however, when we note that…. [read more]

Nature of Tragic Hero Term Paper

… Eventually when they get to the camp of the senseless colonel Willard gets captured. We see the tragic hero escaping from the cage only to find the colonel's natives sacrificing a caribou and as the caribou is slaughtered ritualistically Willard slaughters Kurtz with machete.

The nature of the Tragic Hero in Things Fall Apart

In the film Things Fall Apart we see that the tragic hero has a serious character flaw which not only results in his downfall but ultimately in his death as well. The Europeans are shown as the major reason for the downfall of Okonkwo. We see in the beginning that everything was fine and Umuofia had its own beliefs and culture but later on the white missionaries start coming to the…. [read more]

Beowulf as a Hero Lesson 1 Journal Journal

… Beowulf as a Hero

Lesson 1 Journal Entry # 1 of

Journal Exercise 1.3A: What makes a hero?

A hero is a person who has courage even though he or she also has fear. It is a mistake to assume that heroes are not afraid. They experience the same range of emotions as everyone else, but they keep on going despite fear, not because they have no fear. One contemporary hero is the Dalai Lama. He has led his people through their exile with grace and determination, despite immense challenges. His very life has been threatened by the oppressive government that wants to squash his nation, but he has been resilient in the face of these threats. He confronts evil with peace and stands up…. [read more]

Supernatural Tales Epic of Gilgamesh Essay

… Eventually despite the fact that, they will not offer Gilgamesh exactly what he wanted (to be immortal like them), they gave him extremely little in the way of positive, practical spiritual advice.

Hercules has been viewed as the greatest of all heroes in the mythology of Greek, Hercules was known as the strongest man in the world. Above and beyond marvelous substantial strength, he was also known for his great self-confidence and he also measured himself equal to the gods. In terms of intelligence, Hercules was never a blessed one, however his courage was the major factor behind the lack of cunning. He was an easily angered person and his unexpected sudden occurrence of rage over and over again debilitated blameless bystanders. The outstanding side…. [read more]

Hero? The Definition of "Hero" Has Changed Journal

… ¶ … hero?

The definition of "hero" has changed quite radically over the centuries. Today, there seems to be two types of hero: the "action hero" type displayed most prominently in films involving actors such as Sylvester Stallone; and the more subtle hero, who makes necessary and radical changes, but on a much more subtle level. Many of today's heroes are charity workers, rescue workers, teachers, and writers. For me, the most important characteristic of the modern hero is the ability and drive to make a difference in the lives that share the world with them.

By this definition, one might believe the greatest heroes to be those with large amounts of money to donate to worthy causes across the world. The band U2 or…. [read more]

Ancient Lit Gilgamesh Questions Term Paper

… Ancient Lit

Gilgamesh questions

Why might we consider Gilgamesh a bad king at the beginning of this Sumerian work?

The King of Uruk is described as being an arrogant ruler, and is compared to a "wild bull" in the first tablet. He takes advantage of his power by amassing great wealth but Gilgamesh is also described as being tyrannical: he has left a litany of dead soldiers in his wake and the people of Uruk cry to the gods to help them.

Explain the two challenges Gilgamesh fails in paradise.

First, Gilgamesh tries to stay awake for one week and fails. Second, he loses the plant of immortality when he is sleeping.

Why does he fail?

One of the lessons Gilgamesh must learn is that…. [read more]

Greek Heroes Heroic Warriors Thesis

… Greek Heroes

Heroic Warriors

The subject of heroism is biased according to the cultural lens through which it is viewed. Greek heroes, such as Gilgamesh, Achilles, Hector, and Odysseus were considered heroes in their time. However, if one were to view them in a modern context, they may not appear as heroes, but rather ruthless and murderous villains. The following will compare Achilles and Odysseus in terms of their warrior abilities and heroic deeds. It will support the hypothesis that Achilles is representative of youthful exuberance, whereas Odysseus is representative of the wisdom that comes with age.

In the Illiad, Achilles and Odysseus are viewed as arch rivals. Their modes of gaining and maintaining power are opposites. Odysseus is renowned for his cunning and wisdom…. [read more]

Hero in Popular Culture Term Paper

… ¶ … Hero in Popular Culture- One very interesting aspect of the human experience is the manner in which certain themes appear again and again over time, in literature, religion, mythology, and culture -- regardless of the geographic location, the economic status, and the time period. Perhaps it is the innate human need to explain and explore the known and unknown, but to have disparate cultures in time and location find ways of explaining certain principles in such similar manner leads one to believe that there is perhaps more to myth and ritual than simple repetition of archetypal themes. In a sense, then, to acculturize the future, we must re-craft the past, and the way that seems to happen is in the synergism of myth…. [read more]

Deities -- Gilgamesh -- Iliad Term Paper

… In Homer's Iliad, considered as one of the greatest masterpieces of Western Civilization, the roles performed by the various gods and goddesses are quite similar to those found in The Epic of Gilgamesh. In this epic poem, the heroes of Greece sail far from their homes to attack the citadel, the city of Troy, in western Anatolia, now modern-day Turkey (Hissarlik). Their mission is to rescue Helen, the Greek Queen whom the son of the king of Troy has kidnapped from her husband. The ensuing battle between the Greeks and the Trojans brings about chaos and much death and at times the fates of the survivors all depend on the will and whims of the Gods on Mount Olympus.

In The Epic of Gilgamesh, Anu,…. [read more]

Socrates Gilgamesh Term Paper

… Socrates

Compare and contrast the relationship between God and humanity for Socrates in the "Apology" and for Gilgamesh in "Gilgamesh"

Both the ancient Greek text of Socrates' "Apology" and the Mesopotamian epic of origins "Gilgamesh" are tales of pre-Christian lives, of people who are actively struggling with the concept of morality and the divine. Rather than a traditional moral economy of righteousness receiving rewards and evil actors being punished, these works present the gods as capricious entities, dispensing fate by their whim rather than basing their rewards upon the moral nature of individual human beings. However, both of the main protagonists still struggle to make sense of this chaotic and unjust state of affairs, and to find some way to live moral lives in the…. [read more]

Men and Women Depicted Essay

… Again, such a turn of events demonstrates how mythology often depicts men as being easily manipulated by women. The fact that mythology depicts men in this manner also suggests that they should be viewed as highly fearful creatures. However, the fickleness of men is a theme which is absolutely repeated upon. Theseus falls in love with Araidne and then abandons her, falling in love with her sister Phaedra. According to the myths, it's still not clear how that happened exactly. This example showcases yet again another instance where ment exhibit a certain degree of disloyalty and infidelity to their partners.

These texts and the gender roles which are highly prevalent within them, serve to demonstrate that no matter how lofty or superior these heroic characters…. [read more]

What Defines a Hero Term Paper

… Heroism in Literature

The word "hero" today entails a variety of meanings, depending upon the situation, the person referred to, and the mindset of the person speaking. Generally, the connotation of the word refers to somebody who performs a brave action regardless of the danger to him or herself. When examining the ancient literature from different cultures, the meaning of the word "hero" can be estimated and compared with others of its time, and also more modern meanings attached to the word. To this end, five works of ancient literature are examined in order to determine the meaning of the hero concept as advocated by their authors. One emerging idea appears to be that, regardless of the time and location, a hero in any given…. [read more]

King Arthur Is an Epic Hero Essay

… King Arthur is an epic hero and few before him could match that description. Beowulf, Gilgamesh, and Achilles were all ancient heros that can be comparable to King Arthur. Their royal family line, their weaknesses, and their iconic deaths forever link them as well as distinguish them from one another. Given these particular characteristics, all these idols were made iconic because of the battles they fought in and for the purpose of their journeys.

All characters have a royal family line. This not only signifies that they are of royalty background, but it signifies that their upbringing had to do with how they ended up acting. King Arthur, who was the son of a King and Queen, had all the opportunities handed to him. This…. [read more]

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