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Compare and Contrast John Steinbeck's View of Humanity Versus Nathaniel Hawthorne's Views Research Paper

… Steinbeck vs. Hawthorne

John Steinbeck's Cannery Row is a satirical and comical examination of human complexity and foibles. Nathaniel Hawthorne's the Scarlet Letter also examines human complexity and foibles but relies heavily on established religious notions of sin, guilt, alienation and redemption. Consequently, while both authors are highly skilled and believe in the complexity of humanity, their works are quite different in mood and message.

Compare and Contrast John Steinbeck's (Cannery Row) view of humanity vs. Nathaniel Hawthorne's (the Scarlet Letter) views.

John Steinbeck's Cannery Row and Nathaniel Hawthorne's the Scarlet Letter show at least one similar view of humanity but other widely differing views of humanity. Both authors use paradox to describe their characters, giving their views of humanity's complexity. As Brian Railsback wrote,…. [read more]


John Rawls / Mencius Essay

… Except this is an aristocracy that is, if anything, more likely to abuse its power potentially, because this aristocracy belives they deserve the advantages they possess.

The question of whether human beings can ever achieve the kind of system of organized fairness, in which social structure is able to compensate for the accidents and contingencies of luck, remains to be seen. But it is worth noting that Rawls begins by appealing to the reader's sense of reason, and of fairness: the "veil of ignorance" asks us to choose a desirable lot in life for the self by ensuring that all lots in life are, in principle, legitimately desirable. But in some sense, surprisingly, neuroscience may hold a key here.

The question of naturalism -- whether…. [read more]


John Dewy Ethics Essay

… John Dewey Ethics

Ethics: John Dewey

Introduction to Ethics

Other than Aristotle, John Dewey has been called the greatest philosopher who ever lived. His beliefs on ethics, though, are somewhat different than other philosophers and not always in line with what individuals such as Aristotle and Nietzsche discussed. Dewey was introduced to ethics early in life, and is considered by some to be a psychologist and by others to be more of a philosopher. In reality, he was both. He focused on the theory of pragmatism, and helped to found functional psychology. He was also a strong part of the progressive populist and progressive schools of thought. He was best known for publications he created that were concerned with education, but ethics, nature, logic, democracy,…. [read more]


John Maynard Keynes' 1919 Book "The Economic Essay

… John Maynard Keynes' 1919 book "The Economic Consequences of the Peace" provides information making it possible for readers to understand how individuals in Europe played an active role in bringing the continent to a particularly damaged state consequent to the First World War. This process was lengthy and it began long before the war actually came into effect, as Europeans during the 1870s started to promote an illusion concerning how everything was perfect and that they could do anything they wanted to without risking to deteriorate their general condition. Previous to 1870 people across Europe appear to have had a more complex understanding of the fragility of the social order entailing countries on the continent and the relationship between them.

From Keynes' point-of-view, European countries…. [read more]


Nathaniel Hawthorne Research Paper

… For the earth too, had on her Black Veil." (Hawthorne, nd)

This story culminates in the death of the aged Mr. Hooper is goes to his grave still wearing the black veil. The black veil had separated him from the love of others around him for the entirety of his life and separated him even until his death. As Mr. Hooper lay dying he revealed how in his mind that every man and woman around him wore a black veil. The black veil was symbolic for evil and sin the lives of people and symbolic of that which separated humankind from God as sin serves to separate one from God. The black veil is also symbolic of how the sins of humankind are hidden from…. [read more]


Nathaniel Hawthorne Was an Eighteenth Term Paper

… Hawthorne was neither a special admirer of Puritanism nor a special critic of it, he used this moment in history "merely to illustrate the truth of all moments, that society conventionalizes its ideals and becomes cruel, and that time, which annihilates one set of conventions, substitutes another" (Hawthorne and Puritanism Pp). He judged "the old Puritan moral sense, the consciousness of sin and hell, of the fearful nature of our responsibilities and the savage character of our Taskmaster" from the poetic and aesthetic point-of-view "of entertainment and irony" (Donoghue Pp). Henry James referred to Hawthorne's Puritan precursors as "a handful of half-starved fanatics" who indeed played a part in "laying the foundations of a mighty empire," however, "the truth once acknowledged is sufficiently attested: it…. [read more]


Nathaniel Bacon's Rebellion Essay

… What Bacon Writes

According to Bacon's own account, as mentioned above, which is a piece deserving of close examination, the facts were both the same and a bit different in the case of this particular rebellion. In that which regards the reasons for the rebellion, for instance, Bacon writes that the main causes for it having occurred were the incredible injustices and the lack of economic rights for the entire population. Bacon writes the his rebellion was based on these injustices, which included, as stated above, high taxation but lack of economic and financial means for the population not aligned with Governor Berkeley who, furthermore, was feeling threatened by the Native American Attacks. However, what is different is that in Bacon's writing this 'corruption' clause…. [read more]


John Stuart Mill's Utilitarian View Term Paper

… Utilitarianism: John Stuart Mill's Concept Of Justice

John Stuart Mill was one of the leading liberal thinkers of the 20th century. His philosophy of utilitarianism attempted to improve upon Jeremy Bentham's concept that achieving the moral outcome of the 'greatest good for the greatest number' of people was the highest aspiration a government could achieve. For utilitarian thinkers like Bentham and Mill, the ultimate purpose of government was to promote pleasure and to minimize pain. Extracting pain from lawful citizens was only justified when the amount of pleasure the painful action generated was greater than the pain needed to achieve that pleasure. This was a highly scientific view of moral calculation, and one of the criticisms of the utilitarian philosophy was that it offered no…. [read more]


John Locke Circumscribing Material Items and Possessions Essay

… John Locke

Circumscribing Material Items and Possessions

John Locke's views on the rights to possession (both personal and otherwise) are largely elucidated within section 50 of the fifth chapter of the second treatise in his seminal work, Two Treatises of Government. However, in order to properly contextualize this information within the larger purpose of the author's penning of the second treaty, one must consider the relation of property to the greater issues presented within this work about the role of government and its place within society. To that end, Locke certainly advocates a form of government that was most beneficial for the people which it had authority over -- meaning that the people, ultimately, possessed authority over the government itself. This fact is demonstrated in…. [read more]


John Berger's "Ways Seeing" Chapter Essay

… Mystification brings confusion into the world by preventing people from associating artwork with the past. It practically makes it impossible for them to actually see the image and thus prevents them from understanding more about the historic context of the artwork and about the artist's perspective.

Society's understanding of art is devised by a privileged minority that is mainly interested in shaping people's thinking. This way of thinking is dedicated at having the masses act in accordance with the interests of the respective minority. Mystification is thus an attempt by influential bodies to manipulate the social order and art is one of the main tools they use because of how they can induce diverse thoughts in people's minds as a result of taking control of…. [read more]


John Dewey Ethics Essay

… John Dewey Ethics

Dewey: A Study on Ethics

Dewey's introduction in Ethics is rather broad in scope and makes an attempt to illustrate a brief overview of the reasons necessary to write this particular treatise. In keeping with this purpose the author provides a general definition of ethics -- "the science that deals with conduct, good or bad" (Dewey 1) -- as well as a brief overview of the history of this particular discipline which involves the etymology of the terms ethics and morals. By the means of the aforementioned definitions, the author stratifies the pursuit of ethical thought and action into a pair of categories, one related to a confirmed form of conduct or etiquette that is readily acceptable throughout society, while the other…. [read more]


Compare Shahnameh and Turkish Literature Effects of the Shahnameh in the Turkish and Ottoman Research Paper

… Turkish Literature

Compare Shahnameh with Turkish Literature and Classical Ottoman Poetry

The Shahnmeh, which was written by Ferdowsi in the late tenth century and early eleventh century, is probably the most famous literary work ever written in that region. This is perhaps surprising since the poem was completed over one millenium ago. The fact that the poem took so long to write reflects just how enormous the book is, and gives some idea of why the book is still so well-known to this day. The Shahnameh was actually written before the invention of the novel as a literary form, and so even though it is quite long, it is an epic poem. Its epic poem form makes it similar to the Iliad or the Odyssey…. [read more]


Nathaniel Hawthorne's Young Goodman Brown Essay

… Hester's experiences are shown by Hawthorne as the powerful weapons she used to change herself and her life forever.

However, the most fascinating thing about her character is the valiance she demonstrates in facing the world alone (Ginsberg). Thus, it is crystal clear that even though both the stories have a different background, the two leading characters of Goodman Brown and Hester made the related choice of self-discovery and wrongdoing.

The two short stories are so brilliantly written that they move the reader away from formalism and makes them discover the principles of self-discovery, responsibility and relationship with others and nature. The dynamic characters of both Young Goodman Brown and The Scarlet letter along with their mysterious plots have placed Nathaniel Hawthorne in the American…. [read more]


Hawthorne: My Kinsman, Goodman Brown Term Paper

… Is he imagining, or is this a true journey?

Brown tries to resist the advances of the devil, recalling his family's righteousness: "My father never went into the woods on such an errand, nor his father before him. We have been a race of honest men and good Christians, since the days of the martyrs. And shall I be the first of the name of Brown that ever took this path and kept." However, this "good" memory is quickly taken away as the fellow traveler recalls the other side of Goodman's family:

helped your grandfather, the constable, when he lashed the Quaker woman so smartly through the streets of Salem. And it was I that brought your father a pitch-pine knot, kindled at my own…. [read more]


John Locke vs. Baron Essay

… Like today, Locke discusses the role of the executive power in enforcing the law, though he comes up with a third branch of power that de Montesquieu never touches on. "Interestingly, Locke's third power is called the "federative power" and it consists of the right to act internationally according to the law of nature. Since countries are still in the state of nature with respect to each other, they must follow the dictates of natural law and can punish one another for violations of that law in order to protect the rights of their citizens" (Tuckness, 2005). One of the more remarkable aspects in the ways that Locke and de Montesquieu differ is that Locke does not mention a judicial branch, whereas de Montesquieu does.…. [read more]


Piaget vs. Vygotsky Compared Term Paper

… Early childhood speech is relatively primitive and concrete. As the child grows, he or she is able to use and articulate more complex ideas (such as abstractions) and use more complex verbal imagery (like similes and metaphors) (Narra n.d.: 29). At first, the child's language is egocentric and takes the form of a monologue, like his thoughts, but gradually expands to a more social discourse.

However, Vygotsky noted the presence of thought even in non-human species. Language was a powerful shaping tool of thoughts, but was not innate to the developmental trajectory of the brain; rather, it must be imposed upon children from without (Narra n.d.: 33). Language was acquired through observation, mimicry, and dialogue with others. This meant that the persons with whom the…. [read more]


Hall vs. Goffman ) Essay

… From Goffman's viewpoint blacks would not act in a certain manner dependent on their audience. For instance, performing for a white audience a black may act in a more subservient manner, even though the person did not view themselves as such, whereas with one's peers the same person might act in a more extroverted and assertive manner, again, even though one may or may not view these actions as being real. For Hall this would create a state of confusion such that a search for the real identity outside of performances would occur. Hall views the message (performance) as being effective in its ability to establish a meaningful dialogue with the audience and its ability to be decoded. The message is not produced simply to…. [read more]


Paiget and Vygotsky Compare Research Paper

… " (Mooney, 2008) Vygotsky is the one that supposed the idea of Zone of Proximal Development ' suggested a better move in the direction of education and permitted a better accepting of the knowledge process. (Mooney, 2008)

Bruner constructed on Vygotsky's knowledge of the Zone of Proximal Development, by presenting what he labeled as scaffolding. Scaffolding is the assistance, which is provided to a child in order to help them learn better. Scaffolding is parallel to scaffolding around a structure or a building in some cases; when the need for it has ended it can be taken away. When a child is presented how to do something he can now achieve this job on its own. (Foster, 2009) Vygotsky and Piaget had numerous opposing views…. [read more]


Life and Works of John Barry Research Paper

… John Barry

"…Though much of his most famous music was written to accompany the outlandish adventures of 007, his work covered a huge variety of moods and styles…" (the Guardian, 2011).

Iconic composer John Barry is recognized as one of the most prolific and renowned person in the history of the movie industry. His credits are impressive and his legacy will live unendingly because the movies he wrote scores for will be available many years from now. The son of a classical pianist mother and a father who was owner of a number of movie theaters, Barry was born in York, England in November, 1933 (as John Barry Prendergast) and "…as a young child developed a strong proclivity for music," according to the Songwriters Hall…. [read more]


Comparison of Online Learning and Campus Professional Writing

… While there is some belief from the Chief academic officers that online courses are inferior to the traditional courses, the benefits of accessibility, as well as lower cost to educational institutions, appear to outweigh the disadvantages. The growth, with more than 7 million students undertaking is one online course indicates that the method of education delivery is popular. In the research undertaken by Allen & Seaman, (2014) found that 90% of leaders in the academic field believe that the majority of students in post compulsory education would either be likely, or very likely, to be taking at least one course in the online environment in five years time. There was also a general belief, by two thirds of the academic officers, that there would be…. [read more]


John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne Term Paper

… These include a rigid and severe Puritanical ancestry and a family struggling within the crutches of poverty. Likewise, John Updike endured some tumultuous events and health problems that plagued him from the time he was a child. Despite these considerations, both authors are considered favorites, and considered among the 'elite' with regard to American Literature.

John Updike and Nathaniel Hawthorne both incorporate autobiographical aspects in their works. These aspects have been well documented by literary authorities over many years. The autobiographical aspect is evidenced by Hawthorne's references to divorce and the tensions surrounding this event by the Maple's in his work "Separation" and the guilt and struggles experienced by Brown in Hawthorne's "Young Goodman Browne." It has been said that the greatest writers are those…. [read more]


Hawthorne's Birthmark and Young Goodman Term Paper

… ) Which means that Aylmer does not accept any outside interference in his work and isolates himself within his beliefs, whether these were morally correct or incorrect.

Moral Issues

There is a mixture of pride and guilt in Hawthorne's writing. He is proud of his ancestors being accepted as the wise and prominent in the history of Salem. But simultaneously ashamed that his ancestor's were a part of witch trials and intolerant prosecution of Quakers. As seen in his book (Hawthorne 2131), he refers to historical witches; he doesn't believe in myths. His moral convictions oppose such beliefs.

In the forest Brown saw..." (Hawthorne 2135). Brown chooses to see that all were evil and depraved and lost his chance at redemption when he chose to…. [read more]


Nathaniel Hawthorne the Scarlet Letter Term Paper

… Hester and Pearl moved from the village, but many years later it was discovered that Hester had returned "and taken up her long-forsaken shame," however through the remainder of her life "there were indications that the recluse of the scarlet letter was the object of love and interest with some inhabitant of another land" (Hawthorne2 pp). The narrator continues to explain that "Here had been her sin; here, her sorrow; and here was yet to be her penitence. She had returned, therefore, and resumed of her own free will ... resumed the symbol of which we have related so dark a tale" (Hawthorne2 pp). Hester continued to wear the letter throughout her life, and through the years, it "ceased to be a stigma which attracted…. [read more]


Steinbeck's Okies: Three Critical Perspectives to Gain Term Paper

… Steinbeck's "Okies": Three Critical Perspectives

To gain an understanding of this great American novel, the reader must at some point grapple with the meaning or importance of Steinbeck's indigent farm workers: the so-called Okies. They are at the center of the work, and it is their journey and struggles that make up the living soul of the novel. When one reads carefully through the three critical appraisals this essay will examine, the reader notices a changing magnification.

Each of our three critics has the "Okies" under the microscopic, so to speak, but they employ three quite different lenses to examine their subjects. As we shall see as we move from Reed to Owens to Gladstein, the calibration of the microscope moves steadily away. The movement…. [read more]


Religious Ethics in Comparison Dissertation

… For the second Precept ("…would you sell an employer's secret to a competing company?") men and women both indicated they would take the money and sell out their employer. Men and women both said they would violate the third Precept ("…would you leave your girl/boyfriend or separate from your spouse?") and they would also take the money by going against the 4th Precept ("…would you falsify a report saying a client was a good risk when he wasn't?"). But men were more likely to agree with the 5th Precept ("…would you drink a bottle of whiskey every day for a year?"). If there was a similar study of Christians or Muslims one could fairly compare those two denominations with this Buddhist investigation, but those studies…. [read more]


World Religions Compare and Contrast Essay

… Among the Buddhists, Karma is a teaching a concept which explains that the past actions of humans, do affect them either negatively or positively and that their present actions may affect them in the future. Unlike other religions, Buddhism has no particular central text for universal reference on its traditions. Their scriptures alongside other texts exist in great diversity. Nonetheless, some Buddhist scholars commonly refer to VinayaPitaka together with the first four Nikayas from the SuttaPitaka as the most commonly referred core of all Buddhists' traditions (Van Voorst, 2007). Uniquely enough, Buddhists do not have a particular day of worship or Sabbath. However, there are several holy days or special days held all through the year by the Buddhists. A number of these days are…. [read more]


John Dewey Experience and Education Research Proposal

… John Dewey: Experiential Learning and the Failure of Progressive Education

For better or for worse, John Dewey's philosophy of education has defined many the terms of the continuing debate as to the best way to educate the youth of America. When Dewey came to prominence, American education was still relatively rigid and formulaic, and based upon students sitting at their tasks, and passively receiving the knowledge of a teacher. Learning the classics and 'reading, writing, and 'rithmetic' still held sway. Dewey changed all of that. "In the 1920's 1930's, John Dewey became famous for pointing out that the authoritarian, strict, pre-ordained knowledge approach of modern traditional education was too concerned with delivering knowledge, and not enough with understanding students' actual experiences" (John Dewey, the Modern…. [read more]


John Updike Short Stories Twice Research Paper

… John Updike Short Stories

Twice the recipient of the Pulitzer Prize for fiction, before his death John Updike was one of America's preeminent writers and for more than fifty years has portrayed life in America through his stories, essays, and poetry. He is known for his ability to comprehensively describe things, giving the reader a full connection to the story through the use of elaborate language. Updike himself has been quoted stating "my only duty was to describe reality as it had come to me- to give the mundane its beautiful due." ("John Updike Biography") Everyday issues have been used by Updike as the basis of his fictional stories, including family, religion, and sex. One example of this is the short story "Wife Wooing" in…. [read more]


John Dewey When Charles Darwin First Published Essay

… John Dewey

When Charles Darwin first published his On the Origin of Species in 1859 it immediately sparked a scientific and theological controversy with the intellectual world. But Darwin's theory of evolution did more than simply cause disagreements between intellectuals, it changed the very way that people think. Prior to Darwin's book, the human race lived in a secure world that was orderly and stable, one in which people generally believed that the universe, and everything in it, was part of a grand design. Everything had its place and there was a guiding principle behind the nature of the universe. However, with his theory of evolution, Charles Darwin introduced the concept of randomness, or chance, to the universe; and thus destroyed the idea that there…. [read more]


John Cheever Thesis

… John Cheever is perhaps one of the most formidable American Short story writers. His works have a reflective and attitudinal tone that are consistent with the characters and places that are presented through his work. The purpose of this discussion is to explore the major themes that are seen throughout his various works.

Social Class/Setting

One of the major themes of his work is the development of a story in which WASPs are the primary characters (Gamble). Most of his short stores take place in the suburbs of New England. This particular region was probably most familiar to Cheever because he was born in Massachusetts. Like other writers whose works are set in specific regions, Cheever's work reflects the values he saw as most evident…. [read more]

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