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Washington Community 1800 -- 1828 Term Paper

… Jefferson was an extremely influential president, and that influence has declined in the present day. Jefferson and his boardinghouse rule had an effect on the politicians, and they largely agreed with him and his decisions. Today, there is much more disagreement and the president's power is far more limited.

It is quite clear that early Washington has had a dramatic role in forming contemporary Washington. Even in the earliest days, Washington politicians knew political power could corrupt them. Young continues, "If Americans in general saw power as tending to corrupt, no less did the power-holders themselves perceive that 'the possession of power & #8230; was of all known causes the greatest promoter of corruption'" (Young 59). Today, most Americans have a dim view of politicians…. [read more]


Comparison of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson Term Paper

… George Washington and Thomas Jefferson are perhaps the most revered of the Founding Fathers. Even during their time, they were looked at as the leaders of the fledgling republic before they became the leaders of their respective parties. Their beliefs, as well as their actions, established a political struggle that has persisted to this day, where the debates are as lively as they were during the framing of the constitution.

Washington and Jefferson's respective beliefs took on special significance in the area of "internal improvements." Larson uses the 1780's term "internal improvement" to refer to all kinds of public works programs designed to encourage security, prosperity, and enlightenment among the people.

Internal improvements implicated the two leaders because of the heavy involvement of the federal…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson and His Views of Education Term Paper

… Thomas Jefferson: A Pioneer in Education

JEFFERSON and EDUCATION

Thomas Jefferson's life experiences shaped his views on education. His attitudes towards education -- radical as they were for his time -- were influenced by his unusual life, by the revolutionary times in which he lived, and by his own rather exceptional perspective on the world. Despite the fact that Jefferson was born into privilege, he, nonetheless, sought privilege for all and his visions and objectives have had an enduring effect on the American educational system.

Thomas Jefferson was born on April 13, 1743, at Shadwell in Albemarle County, Virginia.

He was the third child of Peter Jefferson and Jane Randolph-Jefferson,

and his early years on the backwoods of colonial Virginia fostered within him a lifelong…. [read more]


Thomas Jefferson Personal Profile Contirbutions Term Paper

… Regarded as a mind shaped by the Enlightenment, Jefferson is often grouped in with great thinkers such as Newton, Bacon and Locke who all developed a radical approach to social, political and religious ideals. Although not in agreement on all issues, one central theme emerged from Jefferson and these men, the world must be governed by the laws of nature. According to Jefferson, to do so, the mind must be free of religious intolerance, censorship, tyranny of the church, and the state.

Among Jefferson's most significant contributions to religious freedom were made while serving in the Virginia legislator and as governor. During this time, Jefferson authored several key pieces of legislation citing the need for reform and outlining the critical issue of religious freedom. The…. [read more]


American Presidents George Washington Essay

… S. history. His assassination demonstrates that he represented a threat for immoral individuals and that they felt that murder was the only solution to stop him.

Kennedy was impressive especially because of his atypical character as a President. Whereas many presidents before him considered that it was best for them to know their limits and to avoid disturbing powerful individuals, Kennedy believed that it was actually mandatory for him to act on account of his fellow Americans, even with the fact that this would most probably increase the number of his enemies. Although it is difficult to determine whether Kennedy himself wanted to be a hero or not, one is likely to observe that most of the acts that he performed were intended to strengthen…. [read more]


John Adams and Thomas Jefferson Term Paper

… Jefferson studied at the College of William and Mary, and then read law (Thomas pp). He was a powerful advocate of liberty, and an eloquent correspondent, but was not a public speaker, thus, in the Virginia House of Burgesses and the Continental Congress, he contributed to the patriot cause with his pen rather than his voice (Thomas pp). Jefferson was only 33 years old when he drafted the Declaration of Independence, and spent years laboring to make its words a reality, most notably by writing a bill establishing religious freedom that was enacted in 1786 (Thomas pp). Throughout history, Southern secessionists loved him, Northern abolitionists worshiped him, and Gilded Age moguls echoed his warnings about federal power (Jefferson pp).

Jefferson was more a Renaissance man,…. [read more]


Political Beliefs of Thomas Jefferson and George Washington Term Paper

… Political Beliefs of Thomas Jefferson & George Washington

The founding of a nation represents one of the most important parts in the history of the country. It lays the foundation of the government, of the political thoughts to be engaged, and, most importantly, of the general direction the country would evolve to. From this point-of-view, the era of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson were crucial in the creation of the American state, as it is known today.

One of the most important books written for a better understanding of the era is John Larson's "Internal improvement." The book provides an essential view on the way in which, after the troubled historical times of the mid 18th century, the initiatives of people such as George Washington…. [read more]


Ellis Holds That America Term Paper

… In a transitional state, the head of the Army holds an immense degree of authority. Washington was the only prominent military leader to revere the principles beholden to the new Republic. Washington and his contemporaries were familiar with the tragic flaws of popular leaders that preceded them: Julius Caesar crossed the Rubicon because he believed that he out-do a largely aristocratic and quarrelsome republican government by employing the decisiveness that he had exercised in battle. Oliver Cromwell was unwilling to reflect the interests of a parliament that failed to represent his interests and ultimately handed authority to his son. Although many of the founding fathers shaped America's nature, it can be said with definity that without Washington, America couldn't have existed.

Washington, on the other…. [read more]


Top 5 Presidents Term Paper

… ¶ … top 5 presidents of the U.S.: 1789-1864

This is my list prioritized according to ranking order:

George Washington

Thomas Jefferson

Abraham Lincoln

Theodore Roosevelt

John Adams

I rated them thus according to their particular activity that I considered important.

George Washington

As the dominant politician and military leader and warrior who fought for the new United States despite surmounting odds and little support and as presider over the writing of the Constitution that drafted the new nation, I believe that Washington has founding place as premier president of those years.

He was unanimously elected to be president and managed to hold together his nation in beginning of the first few tottering years keeping them from being involved in the wars raging throughout Europe.…. [read more]


Civil War the Proclamation of George III Essay

… Civil War

The Proclamation of George III, issued in October, 1763, is according David Brion Davis and Steven Mintz among the original most disturbing reasons for the English subjects living on the American continent to start feeling less Englishmen and more American. A particular reference to the rights to expand over Indian territory awoke the very spirit that led these people on their way as settlers in a new world. Although the Proclamation could be considered good in its spirit of finally making justice with the aboriginals, it hit the most sensible cord of the colonists: And whereas great Frauds and abuses have been committed in the purchasing Lands of the Indians, to the great Prejudice of Our Interests, and to the great Dissatisfaction of…. [read more]


Enemy to Paraphrase John Donne, No Speech Research Paper

… ¶ … Enemy

To paraphrase John Donne, no speech is an island. And this is especially true of the best speeches, for while each speech is addressed to a specific audience and is a response to a particular moment in history, it is also an echo of other speeches made in similar and sometimes dissimilar times. Good speeches resemble each other in formal ways -- compelling imagery, rolling cadence, language keyed to the audience at hand. But they also resemble each other in intentional ways, for speakers are often intent on establishing the legitimacy of their claims by linking them to past speeches and speakers.

When President George H.W. Bush gave a speech on Jan. 16, 1991, arguing that the United States should and would…. [read more]


Race and Revolution by Gary Nash Bibliographic Book Review

… Race and Revolution by Gary Nash

Bibliographic information

Nash, G. (1990). Race and revolution. Lanham, MD: Madison House Publishers.

Author Gary Nash is a professor and the University of California Los Angeles and the director of the National Center for History in the Schools, and a former president of the Organization of American Historians. Nash is a social historian, who emphasizes the importance of the interactions between different diverse groups of people at various points in time. Much of his academic research and writing has focused on the history of slavery and how race became an issue in slavery in the United States in a way that it was not in much of the rest of the Western world. In Race and Revolution, Nash investigates…. [read more]


Madison's Role in Trying to Balance Civil Term Paper

… ¶ … Madison's Role in Trying to Balance Civil Liberties with Government Power through the Drafting of the Bill of Rights?

The Founding Fathers were faced with a number of important issues as they debated the form and content of the Constitution then under consideration, not the least of which was ensuring that their own individual interests would be addressed in the new country. The Constitution that emerged from this debate was not entirely satisfactory to all of the convention delegates as it related to individual liberties, though, and a series of amendments was proposed for this purpose that has become known as the Bill of Rights today. Although it represented the work of many minds, the primary author of the first ten Amendments to…. [read more]


People and Events in Pennsylvania Term Paper

… ¶ … People & Events in Pennsylvania

The history of how America was founded all starts in the land of Pennsylvania, where famous events such as the creation of the Declaration of Independence was written, the creation and signing of the United States Constitution, and a host of famous people contributed to the beginnings of our great nation. Before the discovery of the "New World," the Pennsylvania area was occupied by a number of Native American tribes, most of whom perished when the first settlers from Europe came to America (History, 1). Specific tribes included the Delawares, the Susquehannocks, the Shawnees, and different Iroquois tribes known as the Five Nations which actually expanded past Pennsylvania territory to present day New York (History, 1). It is…. [read more]


Early American Presidency Essay

… ¶ … American Presidency

The early American democracy benefited from the experience and knowledge of some of the most important figures in American history. They include the first three presidents, George Washington, Adams, and Thomas Jefferson.

The role of George Washington was extremely special partly because of the fact that he was the first president of the New Republic, partly because of the novelty of the entire idea of republic and sovereignty. Unlike any of his followers, George Washington did not have a predecessor from which he could have gained information or knowledge on the way in which the republic would function, the powers in the state would be split or the actual federal system would be combined with the state system. From this point-of-view,…. [read more]


Catholic Church Public Policy in Spain and US Thesis

… As I previously mentioned, the Spanish population is religiously homogeneous. Roman Catholics compose of 99% of the population, while the remaining 1% of the population is composed of those belonging to Jewish, Protestant, Muslim, and Buddhist faiths. In relation to other countries in the European Union, Spain boasts one of the most "religious" populations. As data from a study of religiosity in the European shows, as late as 1982, only Ireland surpasses Spain in religious practice. Further, by the end of the decade, the percentage of individuals identifying themselves as "religious persons" ranged from a low of 48% in Denmark to 72% in the Irish Republic. The Spanish percentage of 68% exceeded all other countries except Ireland, Portugal and Greece. In stark contrast to the…. [read more]


Leaders From History Term Paper

… ¶ … leaders from history. The writer explores what made them great leaders and what impact their lives have had on the leaders of today. There were seven sources used to complete this paper.

Throughout history, the nation has experienced leadership from many different types of people. While each individual had a specific personality and an agenda of interests and changes that the person wanted to inspire they all had something in common, the ability to lead groups of people. Whether it was a president who wanted more freedom for society, a president who wanted to change the structure of government or a civil rights leader who wanted equality for all of mankind the nation's current leaders are in part, a composite of what previous…. [read more]


Top Five Presidents Term Paper

… Presidents in My Opinion

My choice of the top five U.S. Presidents ranked in descending order of importance is: Thomas Jefferson, Ronald Reagan, Dwight Eisenhower, Franklin Roosevelt, and George H.W. Bush. Since ranking of Presidents is always a subjective call, I am aware that this list may differ substantially from most others'; however, I shall try my best to justify my selection in this paper.

Thomas Jefferson

The third U.S. President and a prominent founding father of the country, Thomas Jefferson is widely recognized as one of the most brilliant individuals in history. An ardent believer in democracy, popular rule, and the rights of the people, he had greatly influenced the history of his country even before he brought his varied talents to the Presidency…. [read more]


2nd Continental Congress Essay

… In such a setting, it became virtually impossible to modify the Articles, since all members could not agree.

Last, the final weakness of the Articles of Confederation is represented by an expansion of the previous limitation, in the meaning that the Congress had the power to create new laws, but could only enforce them upon receiving a majority of 9 votes out of 13 (Kelly).

Having recognized the shortages of the Articles of Confederation, representatives of the U.S. states met up to adjust the Articles. However, the delegates ended up creating a new document that would better address the issues identified within the United States. The Constitutional Convention was as such formed from educated men, better educated than the average American citizens, and most of…. [read more]


Mill and U.S. Constitution None Research Paper

… By the beginning of the Civil War, there were over four million slaves in the U.S. And this institution was more profitable than ever. Even after it was officially destroyed in 1865, it continued in everything but name, usually in the form of sharecropping and tenant farming in the South that left most blacks in absolute poverty.

Although Thomas Jefferson was in Paris at the time the Constitution was written, he was on the whole skeptical of granting too much power to the central government, and politically skilled enough to rally Western farmers to join an Antifederalist coalition with the Southern planters in the 1790s. Jefferson was always a paradoxical character, given his deep hostility to banks, factories and corporations, but at the same time…. [read more]


Leadership in His Pulitzer Prize Book Review

… To be sure, the Native Americans had always regarded him as hostile and aggressive, long before he ever became commander of the Continental Army and launched genocidal campaigns against them along the frontier. Indeed, the "interior regions of Washington's personality began to take shape within the interior region of the colonial frontier" (Ellis, p. 7). He hated James Madison and Thomas Jefferson, who he thought had personally libeled him and to the end of his life, "the political wounds inflicted on him during his second term by the Republican press still festered" (Ellis, p. 247). He regarded his opponents as pro-French subversives who should be suppressed, and supported the Alien and Sedition Acts in 1798. Moreover, Washington expected to join with Alexander Hamilton in leading…. [read more]


Illusion Is Central Term Paper

… Flint Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl. What do they have in common, and how do they differ? How is human evil represented in these two characters, and what made them compelling villains to antebellum Americans?

Dr. Flint is a villain because he takes advantage of a young and vulnerable woman in his charge -- and also because he desires an individual of another race. Flint leaves Jacob vulnerable to the hatred of his wife as well, and has an illegitimate bi-racial child with Jacobs, something that was seen as unnatural in the 19th century. Flint is also, much like Dead Man, a violator of a societal in the sense that Flint is given the responsibility of protecting an individual's well being as…. [read more]


Republicans and Federalists Essay

… Republicans and Federalists: Differences

The Federalists believed that American foreign policy should favor British interests, while the Republicans (Democratic-Republicans) wanted to strengthen ties with the French (Democratic-Republican party, n.d.).

On economic matters, the Republicans believed in protecting the interests of the working classes -- merchants, farmers, and laborers. They believed that an agrarian economy would best serve these citizens. They saw the establishment of a national bank of the United States (which Hamilton strongly favored) as a means of usurping power that belonged to individual states, and they believed that it would be tied too closely to the rich (Democratic-Republican party, n.d.).

The Federalists saw industry and manufacturing as the best means of domestic growth and economic self-sufficiency. They favored the existence of protective tariffs…. [read more]


Battle of Antietam Sharpsburg Thesis

… Battle of Antietam

The research here examines an analysis of the Battle of Antietam utilizing primary sources as the main source of reference. It first examines the immediate background of the battle, and how the Confederate and Union forces set up for their confrontation at Antietam Creek. In a defensive position, General E. Lee placed himself west of Antietam Creek, with the Potomac to his backside. General McClellan came from the northeast down onto Lee's much smaller forces. What resulted was the bloodiest battle of the entire Civil War, costing thousands of soldiers their lives. In the end, Lee failed to defend his position, and lost his chance for a successful invasion of Maryland and retreated, forces decimated, back to Richmond.

Introduction

The Battle of…. [read more]


Uncle Tom's Cabin - Fiction Term Paper

… "5

The North primarily used images of the brutality of slavery in their depiction of Stowe's chronicle. Both in text and drawings the Union drew on the grotesque physical evils of slavery to rally support for Emancipation. The power of the visual spectacle opened the eyes of Northerners once ignorant to the evils of slavery.

The harsh Fugitive Slave Act of 1850, was one of the factors which impelled Harriet Beecher Stowe to write Uncle Tom's Cabin. This bust image of Anthony Burn, whose trial under the Act touched off riots and protests by abolitionists and citizens of Boston in 1854, was drawn from a daguerreotype. The print depicts scenes from his life. 6

Perhaps because of the immediate impact of physical pain and the…. [read more]


Establishment of the Nation Term Paper

… Establishment of a Nation

Discuss the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation and the reasons it failed.

The Articles of Confederation established solidarity among the thirteen colonies at the end of the Revolutionary War. Reeling from perceived oppression by the British crown, the newly formed United States of America mistrusted strong central governments so much that the Articles of Confederation did not allow for an executive branch of government. Without a strong central government, the confederation could not adequately raise taxes, establish national boundaries, defend against enemies, or regulate trade. Creating and ratifying new legislation also proved difficult because of the strong sense of independence cultivated by each of the former colonies. The Articles of Confederation deliberately established a weak coalition of states. However, the…. [read more]


Political Geography Research Paper

… ¶ … formation of the various states of the United States are complex and have changed over the course of time. For instance, the reasons for the shape and size of the original thirteen states differ substantially from the rationale supporting the formation of the western states. The purpose of this paper will be to attempt to address these differences in the context of history.

It is important to remember in going through the process of reviewing how the individual states took their shape that this is only a survey approach to this issue. The shape of each state involves many minor nuances brought about through minor considerations unique to that particular state. In addition, particularly in the eastern areas of the country and in…. [read more]


Effectiveness of Academic Achievement Through the Use of Block Scheduling in High School Classrooms Thesis

… Academic Achievement Through Block Scheduling

Education and Block Scheduling

Introduction- The educational climate in contemporary America is not the same as it was in the late 20th century. There is a long tradition surrounding the manner in which the American educational system should be structured, dating back to the Founding Fathers. When we review a brief history of the American educational system up through No Child Left Behind, in fact, we find a series of pendelum swings that tend to result in a rather haphazard approach to certain academic sides of educational leadership. It is not the purpose of this study to debate the efficacy of constructivism, neo-constructivsm, Vygotsky, et al., Rather, it is to understand how educational research is not only necessary, but critical…. [read more]


American Revolution, Production of Staple Products Grew Term Paper

… ¶ … American Revolution, production of staple products grew, economic risks decreased, transportation improved and individual merchants and small companies experienced reduced costs through improvement of economies of scale (McCusker & Menard, 22). Contrary to the Colonial Period, with the increasing demand for U.S. agricultural products, American farmers and merchants were no longer in debt to the British traders. Further, growing demand, in part due to Anglo-French wars, led in increased production of American products. As a result, across the country, there was an impetus by the settlers and recent arrivals to take advantage of the economic opportunities in this newly established nation. Depending on the geographical location, this economic push had a different historical impact. The books the Whiskey Rebellion, the Long, Bitter Trail…. [read more]


Founding Brothers by Joseph Ellis Essay

… Founding Brothers by Joseph Ellis

"Founding Brothers" by Joseph Ellis

Numerous writers have turned their attention to the period of the Declaration of Independence while searching for inspiration, and while some have produced modest texts, others have succeeded in retelling the story with great accuracy and in a reader-friendly approach.

Joseph J. Ellis's book "Founding Brothers: Revolutionary Generation" does not just have its plot focused on the 1776 document, as it concentrates on telling the stories of almost all of the key individuals involved in writing and issuing the document, and in those who played an essential role in the founding of the United States.

Abigail Adams, John Adams, Aaron Burr, Alexander Hamilton, Benjamin Franklin, James Madison, Thomas Jefferson, and George Washington are all unique…. [read more]

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