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Europe After World War II Essay

… The Commission was believed to be in a unique position to manipulate both domestic and international pressures on national governments to advance the process of European integration, even where governments might be reluctant. This contrasted with realist explanations of IR, which focused exclusively on the international role of states. Neo-functionalists used the concept of spillover to explain how, once national governments took the initial steps towards integration, the process took on a life of its own and swept governments along further than they anticipated going.

This statistical analysis taken from (ablog.typepad.com) shows the "Fixed Investment and GDP Growth" on a 5-year moving average. Results show that China and India has been far better than Europe and U.s, in improving their GDP growth. Basically Europe has…. [read more]


Conferences After WWII Essay

… Conferences after WWII

Enter stage: President H. Truman, Secretary of State J. Byrnes and H. Vaughan. All three sit on chairs center stage.

Byrnes: I'm not feeling very good about that meeting. Stalin is out of control.

Truman: For one, I am not surprised. Stalin has his own agenda. The Eastern Front was critical to success and now he wants payback. I can see through his shenanigans -- he's scared of us and that makes him lash out. Like a school bully, nothing more. He's trying to puff himself up so we give in to his demands.

Byrnes: We can't do that, though. I don't see what good it does anybody to replace fascism with Communism. It's swapping one problem for another.

Truman: It is.…. [read more]


World War II Term Paper

… World War II

When attempting to discern what the "real war" was in a world involving as many international powers such as those represented in World War II, it is easy to examine this issue in regards to the goals sought by those sides. For Hitler and the other Axis leaders, those goals were the implementation of fascist, totalitarian governments and the eventual conquest of the world itself. For Franklin Roosevelt and the other Allied leaders, the war was a means of preserving democracy and a free market. All of these ends become complicated by the economic value of this conflict for the participants involved, as well as by definite social concerns related to genocide and a host of other evils. Yet when one examines…. [read more]


WWI and WWII Thesis

… WWI & WWII

World War I

Most obviously, World War I differed from other wars in its worldwide scale. Never before had a war been fought on such a large scale, nor had it ever been as brutal to soldier, citizen, and innocent alike. Bernd Huppauf describes the horror so this war in very specific terms when he mentions the return of mutilated soldiers from a war fought with a new category of weapon.

The modernization of weapons also meant a new category of mutilation: limbs were much more easily torn off than were the case before. The sort of survivors was much worse than for previous wars. The wounds were not however only physical. Many soldiers suffered from psychological shock and other mental problems…. [read more]


WWII and Identifications American Suburbs Essay

… American lifestyle no longer became associated with businesses in cities, but more on the fact that suburban neighborhoods were progressing towards a healthy, nuclear family and neighborhood.

The American Dream was a manifestation after the massive suburban movement. The society in the United States changed alongside this move, though not everyone was able to afford this luxury. Suburban lifestyle became a grounded community after World War II, and has remained a large part of American life even today.

Identifications

1. SCLC

The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is an American civil rights organization, its first president being Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. The organization was founded through meetings soon after the Montgomery Bus Boycott; Dr. King consulted with various activists, Bayard Rustin and Ella Baker, among…. [read more]


World War II the Role Term Paper

… S.S.R. The primary troops were ready to fight by 1942 against the Axis. 13

It is necessary, at this point, to get a general overview of the situation in Germany at this time. In 1944, powerful forces both from the east as well as from the west bombarded Hitler. Added to this were the threats posed by air raids and submarine attacks by Russia supported by her allies. Germany had to attack Russia in 1941, knowing fully well that there could be a massive defeat in store for her. Initially, Russia's losses were huge. But, Russia being a large country with vast resources, this victory was short lived. In December 1941, Germany lost the war and the finale came when America joined the war when…. [read more]


Second World War Term Paper

… There was also concern throughout the western world that the real threat was Russia and the Communists who were bent on radical governmental change. Hitler went on to systematically align with nations that would support him, even making a non-aggression policy with Poland, a nation he would swiftly overtake and whose population he would eradicate (Paxton 329). As early as 1933, Hitler had envisioned a Germany which he would lead and a Europe which would proverbially fall to its knees in his wake.

One of the ways they determined to rebuild the morale of their countrymen was to create a whipping boy of sorts. The German people would be better off emotionally and morally if there were a group that could be made into scapegoats.…. [read more]


World War II Put-Off by Europe's Lag Term Paper

… World War II

Put-off by Europe's lag in paying off debts from the First World War, the United States remained committed to a policy of neutrality for the first several years of World War Two. Several issues led to American involvement in the war. First, collusion between Roosevelt and Churchill caused the United States to adopt restrictive trading policies with Japan. The eloquent Churchill apparently persuaded President Roosevelt to pressure Japan through sanctions: by prohibiting further shipments of steel, iron, aviation fuel, and other military essentials (Irving). A crippled Japanese army retaliated by the surprise attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7 of 1941. Congress approved entry into the war the very next day. Three days later, Germany and Italy declared war on the United…. [read more]


Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … WWI & WW2

Comparing and Contrasting WWI and WWII

World War I (1914-1918) and World War II (1939-1945) were the most devastating military conflicts in human history which caused untold destruction and loss of millions of lives. Although both wars were fought under distinctly different circumstances, had different causes and did not involve exactly the same foes, the two conflicts were not completely devoid of similarities. This paper compares and contrasts the two world wars from an American perspective; explains the reasons for United States' involvement in each war, and describes the legacies of the two wars on the country's economy, society, its domestic and foreign policies.

United States' Initial Neutrality in World War I

At the start of the First World War…. [read more]


Remaking the World After the First World War Essay

… Remaking the World After the First World War

This study examines and considers two different views of the peacemakers at Versailles following the First World War. This work specifically will consider how these historians can have different views of the same historical event. The work of Margaret Macmillan entitled "Making War, Making Peace: Versailles, 1919" states that the observation of it being "harder to make peace than war was, as one might expect of someone so witty, that of Georges Clemenceau, prime minister of France at the end of the First World War and during the peace conference that followed." (2005, p.1)

Macmillan writes that the decisions concerning the peace settlements were made under a great deal of pressure since there was fear that unless…. [read more]


World War II, Which Took Term Paper

… They had lost many lives and spent billions of dollars, and began investing in preparing for a secure global defense.

After WWII was over, the United States was interested in the technical capabilities of the Germans because of the potential benefits for the U.S. armed forces and the American industry. In 1945, the U.S. approved the transfer of German rocket specialists. This transfer became known as Operation Paperclip because a large number of Germans stationed at Army Ordnance, those individuals who had been selected to come to the United States from Germany, were distinguished by paperclips. These specialists were transferred to their new home, Fort Bliss, a large Army installation just north of El Paso. The group sometimes referred to themselves as "PoPs," prisoners of…. [read more]


U.S. Diplomacy During World War II Term Paper

… U.S. Diplomacy During World War II

World War II was a watershed event in the history of international relations, particularly in the relations between the United States and the rest of the world. Before the War, the U.S. foreign policy and public opinion were in favor of 'isolationism', although support for the 'internationalism' also existed in some pockets. As a result, in the initial years of the Second World War, U.S. diplomacy was focused on avoiding entanglement in a foreign war. Gradually, however, the internationalists managed to win the debate against the isolationists and the United States not only entered the War but also played a central role in its outcome. After the Second World War, the U.S. foreign policy became firmly 'internationalist'; symbolized in…. [read more]


World War II - Life and Times Research Proposal

… World War II - Life and Times of Bill Haak

Bill Haak was raised in a family that was very much involved in many ways (economically, socially, and morally) with the Great Depression and involved militarily with WWI. As time went on WWII would have a major effect on the family as well. Haak was born in 1923, the son of farmers, in the western part of Wisconsin. His parents told him often about how lucky their family was to have avoided the Dust Bowl miseries. And it was also true, they reminded Bill and his sisters, that living in western Wisconsin, on 160 acres of prime farmland, the Haak family was blessed to be quite self-sufficient. They never went hungry. The family even donated…. [read more]


Cold War Prior to World Term Paper

… He believed that in any nuclear exchange, as many as 300 million people might die in the U.S.S.R., the United States, and Europe (Nash, 1994). To counter nuclear dependence, he developed the idea of "Flexible Response," which looked at a variety of non-nuclear solutions for any military conflict. His determination to do this was tested severely during the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962, when the U.S.S.R. attempted to install nuclear warheads in Cuba (Nash, 1994).

Meanwhile, the United States entered into another treaty in hopes of stopping the spread of communism: the South East Asian Treaty Organization (SEATO). This is the treaty that led the U.S. first into the Laotian conflict, and eventually, into the Viet Nam War (Nash, 1994).

The effects of the Cold…. [read more]


German POW's Treatment by Americans During WWII Thesis

… German POW's Treatment by Americans During WWII

German POWs: Their Treatment by Americans During WWII

Officially beginning in 1941 and ending in 1945, World War II saw an onslaught of technology, much of which had not previously been widely used. The main advances were in planes and small weapons. Unfortunately, the way that people looked at one another and how they treated one another did not evolve in the same way that technology did. Some of the technology that was used at the end of the war had not been available at the beginning, and was therefore important in the war effort to those that get their hands on it and supply their armies. Some of it was also used for torture and to keep…. [read more]


Start of the Cold War Term Paper

… Cold War started shortly after World War II. The United States and the Soviet Union were allies at that time because the biggest threat to both countries - and to all of Europe - was Nazi Germany. Hitler had to be stopped and the United States and the Soviet Union joined forces to crush Germany. And then the war ended and the decisions needed to be made as to how European nations would be supervised by or taken over by; so it was up to the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist U.S. To make those strategic arrangements. Who would have the greatest influence in Europe? That was the question that really led to the tensions driving the Cold War.

At the Yalta conference in…. [read more]


World War I Causes Term Paper

… He hoped that the conflicts among the involved nations would be settled through negotiations and dialogues. However, as the events occurred, it appeared unavoidable for America to engage itself in the fighting and help its allies. The main causes of the entrance of America into the World War I were the sinking of Lusitania, the Zimmerman telegram and the submarine warfare (America in the Great War, 2000, para. 3).

The Germans sank Lusitania, a passenger ship, using a U-boat in 1915. The death of about 1200 innocent people in this mournful event was the major reason why America decided to come into the Great War formally. Secondly, the Zimmerman telegram proved to be another reason for the entrance of America into the War. It was…. [read more]


World War I Great Britain's Failure Term Paper

… World War I

Great Britain's Failure to Use Its Navy to Its Full Effectiveness in World War I

As World War I began, Great Britain was considered the supreme power in terms of naval force. Yet, the German Navy had been upgrading enough to make it of significant British concern during the war. In particular, the use of German U-boats as a threat to both military and merchant vessels complicated Great Britain's naval choices. Though many history texts take it for granted that Britain was the stronger of the two navies, the only major naval battle (at Jutland) between the two forces resulted in heavy British losses. While the Royal Navy had both experience and opportunity to strike more forcefully at Germany by sea, they…. [read more]


World War I Development of Imperialism Term Paper

… World War I

Development of imperialism at the second half of the nineteenth century had clear features of unavoidable future war, imperialist war for colonial domination. After Berlin Congress of 1878 it became clear that unified Germany would never agree on the role of European industrial superpower without any considerable colonial possessions. In addition, there were other countries with imperial ambitions: Russian Empire, Japan in Asia and the United States in Western Hemisphere.

Until the beginning of WWI, the U.S.A. had indirect relation to European politics and European conflicts, as its major interests were concentrated in Western hemisphere. By the beginning of the twentieth century, the U.S.A. turned into regional leader and developing imperial power. American fruit companies quickly occupied Latin American markets and by…. [read more]


Causes of World War II Term Paper

… Wii

Since the end of World War II historians have continued to debate the primary cause of the war's beginning. Because of the many different nations that took part in the war and the many areas of interest within that war dinner tables and conference rooms have bandied the possibilities back and forth for years. While there are actually several causes that created the belief for many that war was indeed necessary the primary cause of the war was the desire by some nations to forcibly rule other nations at that time.

Before one can begin to determine the cause of a specific war it is important to have an understanding of what can create a breeding ground for wars in general.

What do you…. [read more]


European Imperialism and Decolonization: Spectacular Essay

… In addition, Great Britain's national psychology, solid government, friendly relations with the United States and relative luck in dealing with its subjects resulted in a rapid but relatively peaceful decolonization. France's post 1945 decolonization, in sharp contrast to that of Great Britain, more closely resembles a "spectacular collapse" for several reasons. Having made no attempts at decolonization prior to WWII due to its rigid intent on maintaining French rule over all its colonies, post-WWII France faced the economic and political necessity of decolonization at a distinct disadvantage. Saddled with its still-unbending intent to control its colonies, France was also overburdened by a national psychology that took the loss of a colony personally, a fractious and volatile government, an unfriendly relationship with the United States, and…. [read more]


Conference Berlin Consequences Essay

… Chief among these factors was the terrible price of decolonization. IN most instances, European nations refused to abandon their African colonies and make good on the rights of self-determination to these people. Therefore, there were many seditions and rebellions that resulted in a considerable amount of bloodshed as African territories had to literally fight for their right of liberation. When such liberation was achieved, the political instability that rocked these nations was largely able to still continued since new leaders had little experience with centralized forms of government. Oftentimes, colonies would get replaced by new military regimes, that frequently had lifetime presidents -- all of which set the political climate rife for turmoil, infighting, and a unstable government.

Additionally, once European colonies were formally abandoned,…. [read more]


Why World War 2 Cannot Be Considered the Good Essay

… WW2: Not the Good War

World War 2 was not the Good War that some have made it seem. It was a harrowing time not only for Americans but for everyone involved, whether in Britain, Italy, France, Germany, Japan or Soviet Russia. Millions died -- and many of them because of the fire bombing of civilian populations by the Allied Powers: cities in Germany and in Japan were decimated, hundreds of thousands of non-combatants brutally killed under such assaults. Cities like Nuremberg, Dresden, Tokyo, Hiroshimo, and Nagasaki were places where so much death resulted at the hands of the nations who years later would say that they were fighting a good war; the idea is almost despicable. The Good War myth is nothing more than…. [read more]


War the Experience Thesis

… My cousin, who was posted in both Iraq and Afghanistan can attest to these horrors. The quotation given by Homer of "Must you carry the bloody horror of combat in your heart forever?" is completely true for this war. Having seen the family member's actions, and comparing them to his previous self, one can observe the change. Both in the Hurt Locker and in the other sources mentioned here, the answer to this question, time and again, is yes. Yes, the bloody horror of combat will be carried forever because it is such an anti-human, illogical thing. Cruelty is not the strong suit of a man with a family, a man who must return to a child of innocence. Thus, this man become ever-marred by…. [read more]


Woodrow Wilson and WWI Research Paper

… S. about submarine warfare, and the Zimmerman Telegram, which discussed Mexico and how Germany would help that country fund a war against the U.S. To recover three of the U.S. states - Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona - and return them to Mexico.

Those two things combined appeared to be too much for Wilson to take. While he may not have wanted to go to war, sometimes what a person wants and what he or she realizes is best or needed are clearly not the same. With that in mind, Wilson made the choice that it was time for the U.S. To enter the war. One must keep in mind that Wilson had plenty of time to study and learn about the war. It was…. [read more]


Cold War the Heightened Tension, Which Existed Term Paper

… ¶ … Cold War

The heightened tension, which existed between the two major powers of the world in the period after the Second World War until the end of nineteen eighties, completely dominated world politics during the later part of the 20th century. Although the possession of nuclear weapons by the United States and the Soviet Union prevented a direct confrontation between them, several proxy wars were fought around the world as the Soviet Union attempted to spread the doctrine of communism and the U.S. was equally determined to prevent it. This essay is a response to the following questions:

Why did the alliance between the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. collapse so thoroughly after the WW2?

Was it a personal dispute between FDR, Truman, and…. [read more]


Cold War After the End of World Term Paper

… ¶ … Cold War after the end of World War II and how Europe and the world were divided by two super powers. The Cold War broke out after the end of World War II between the Soviet Union and the United States. It was based on disagreements between the two countries' policies, and the American possession of the atomic bomb. It lasted until the breakup of the Soviet Union in 1991, and drove a wedge between the two countries that is not easily forgotten.

The Cold War began shortly after the end of World War II in 1945. One historian writes, "The great turning point in the course of postwar Russian-American relations came during the period between September 1945 and the summer of 1947"…. [read more]


War and Occupation: The Effects Term Paper

… Since agriculture was still the major industry in Japan, the implication of the reform cannot be underestimated. In fact its implication extended far beyond the economic -- it served to change many ancient and severely entrenched attitudes in the Japanese society and even served to weaken the previously strong authority of family and community. (Roberts, p. 517) It also prompted continuing electoral support of a succession of conservative Japanese governments (who supported the reforms) by the rural community. In the meantime the trade union reforms were implemented by the Americans to balance the power of management. The workers in the Japanese cities embraced trade unionism enthusiastically and as early as May 1946, 2.7 million workers were members of trade unions. (Ibid.) MacCarthur's economic reform policy…. [read more]


Espionage Term Paper

… The Yalta Conference actually makes it possible for someone to gain a more complex understanding concerning feelings between the Soviets and the West. Both sides had received intelligence information prior to the event and were prepared to take on diplomatic attitudes with the purpose of achieving their goals. "While many, including Alger Hiss, have praised Stalin's negotiating skills at Yalta, and while Stalin may indeed have had good negotiation abilities, he also was able to rely on the vast amount of intelligence he was receiving about the American and British negotiating positions."

The prescription of the acts allowed certain aspects to come to light and have proven that the espionage activities during the pre-war period and especially during the Second World War were rather dynamic…. [read more]


New Deal and the Great Term Paper

… The Soviet Union directly challenged the West in 1948 by initiating a blockade of the western sectors of Berlin, however, the United States airlifted supplies into the city until the blockade was lifted (Cold1 pp). These challenges in Europe led the United States to reverse its traditional policy of avoiding permanent alliances, and in 1949, along with eleven other nations, signed the North Atlantic Treaty, NATO, thus challenging the Communist bloc to form the 1955 Warsaw Treaty Organization as a counterbalance to NATO (Cold1 pp).

At conferences in Tehran in 1943, Yalta in February 1945, and Potsdam in July-August 1945, the Western democracies and the Soviet Union discussed the progress of World War II and the nature of the postwar settlement (Cold2 pp). After the…. [read more]

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