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Confucianism in East Asian Essay

… In China Japan and Korea the state organized education systems in order to transmit knowledge that was based on neo-Confucian orthodoxy as well as the subsequent recruitment of government services of those that had mastered neo-Confucian classics. Confucians held the belief that there was a body of absolute truths that combined principles alongside cosmological laws and this body of knowledge was understood and written down by Confucian sages. This scholastic belief within a body of truths gave energy to a direction towards mastering classical writing as well as standard interpretations.

Filial piety, Humaneness

Attributes of Confucianism such as filial piety and patriarchal authority are identifiable broadly within characteristics of Confucian political and social relations that are sustained within extended family like termed as network institutionalism.…. [read more]

East Asia Ideal and Reality Term Paper

… " Emperor Meiji's word, like Mao's, was law in the new territories -- but Meiji's word was rooted in revolution, not in the ways of old Japan: "All that Japan undertook in its colonies during the first quarter century of the empire was based on Meiji experience in domestic reform" (Schmid 957). The National Mobilization Law saw thousands of Koreans conscripted into the Japanese army in order to fight a foe that was almost indistinguishable from the one that now ruled over it. It was the Age of Empire in East Asia, and though the Empire had many faces, it was always ruled by the same clan -- international materialism. There was no need to set up a lasting model. Revolution was the rule, and…. [read more]

Asian History Although the Great Civilizations Term Paper

… Asian History

Although the great civilizations of pre-modern China, Korea, and Japan borrowed from each other and came to share much in common, there is no more one East Asia than there is one Europe. To liken China, Korea, and Japan together under one common umbrella would be like lumping together all the diverse cultural groups of Europe. The East Asia rubric is a Western projection largely born of ignorance and bias and not of historical analysis. For one, the languages of these three countries are morphologically distinct. It is therefore impossible for a Korean, a Japanese, and a Chinese person to understand one another. If there were a common East Asian culture, then surely language would unite them. There are several meaningful ways in…. [read more]

Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes Dissertation

Traditional Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes: Studies on Origins and History

The study investigates the bamboo flutes found in Southeast Asia, as well as their history and origin. The earliest known extant bamboo flute, a chi, or ancient Chinese flute, from the Zhou Dynasty, discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, dates from 433 BC. Southeast Asian bamboo flutes, diverse in shape and size, vary in the way musicians play them. During the ethnography, a qualitative study, the researcher utilizes an extensive literature review to explore the development of bamboo flutes in SEA and examines the link between these instruments and music, as well as traditions from and beyond Asia.

As the study focuses on the flutes from three main areas: Mainland…. [read more]

East Asian Politics Research Proposal

… East Asian Politics

When compared to the Western paradigm, East Asian politics is particularly complex as a result of its dichotomous relationship between the tradition of law and the conception of ritual. Historically, this region of the world attached great importance to religion as informing its legal and especially its penal system. Today, there appears to be some conflict among the various elements that still inform the East Asian tradition of law, its religious paradigms, and the region's relationship with the West. When viewed in very general terms, a basic dichotomy can be distinguished between the Confucian paradigm and what has become known as the rule of law.

Patrick Glenn distinguishes between the two by the terms "Li" (Confucianism) and "Fa" (the rule of law).…. [read more]

Confucianism Describe the Unique Characteristics Term Paper

… Confucius tells that not many people are able to keep jen constantly in mind; he also tells that jen is very close to us. As 'humanism' deals with ren or humanness, 'humanism' is the core of Confucianism. This is specifically emphasized by Mencian wing of the Confucian tradition and elevated to metaphysical level by one of the later thinkers, Neo-Confucian schools of Song-Ming times. Confucianism appears to be an open counter part with Chinese communism as 20th-century Confucian scholars credits the word 'humanism' to Confucianism; and hence this new understanding must itself be "historicized" as a metacommentary. (Huang, p.32)

The distinctive characteristics of Confucian humanism can be known from the teachings of Confucius. Confucius says the person cannot bear difficulties for a longer time and…. [read more]

Confucianism, Catholicism and Islam Essay

… 3" To that end, even robbers possess moral knowledge "if you call them robbers, they are embarrassed.4"

Wang Vangming's statements were revolutionary in that he contested the need to spend hours of one's life learning moral improvement from books. Rather, he insisted that moral improvement was an innate aptitude that all were born with and that all could achieve and that individuals from lowly positions could as equally achieve wisdom as those from elite positions and that, therefore, many more could be meritorious for elevated government (and other) positions in Chinese society than was presently the case. Lofty status did not necessitate years of begrudging learning.


From 1500 -- 1700, Islam seemed invincible. The Safavid Empire succeeded by the Mogul Empire and then the…. [read more]

Confucianism and Daoism Are Chinese Term Paper

… The religions remain very popular with certain groups of people in certain countries but are not widely noticed by those in countries where these teachings did not originate, such as the United States and most of the Western world (Shun, 59). However, what made individuals interested in these religions originally still continues to interest some individuals, even in the Western world. Those who do not believe in the Christian concept of God are often attracted to these types of religions because they do not teach from the Bible about the Christian God. Others are attracted to these religions simply because it is what they have grown up with (Shun, 59).

In general, however, most people who are attracted to these religions come to them because…. [read more]

East Asia Essay

… East Asia

Shaping the Course of East Asian Culture Since the 1860's

The 19th century brought about a great deal of challenge and impending changes for East Asia. Powers were escalating in the west, and the Japanese and Chinese governments were compelled to open exchange to foreign countries.

The presence of the foreigners that entered much of Japan and China is said to have not been short lived, according to historians, particularly near the end of the century. While other Asian societies were purportedly not as successful, both China and Japan were said to be able to maintain their national identity and independence against the influence and onslaught of the West in many areas but there were other areas in which there was acquisition and…. [read more]

Confucianism Is One of the Main Philosophical Research Proposal

… Confucianism is one of the main philosophical systems in the world. The name of this school of thinking derives from its founding father who is Confucius. The system in case is a complex one, including philosophical considerations which have had a strong influence in more than one area.

Here we may speak about religion, ethics, politics, etc. It is safe to state that the Confucian way of thinking has marked the overall development of East Asian countries through its moral and social implications. The core of the Confucian school of thought naturally comes from Confucius. The main issues which represent important arguments in his writings include happiness and a harmonious society.

There were the two major issues that Confucianism dealt with. On the one hand,…. [read more]

Asian Art of India Term Paper

… Asian Art of India

Architectural Cosmology

One of the most palpable markers of a civilization is the architecture it erects. This fact is true for a number of reasons, since architecture both reflects the level of sophistication a culture has achieved as well as different aesthetic elements of art that it embraces. Such a notion is particularly true of the art and architecture found throughout parts of Asia. Like most civilizations, those found within this part of the world primarily erected architecture during antiquity for pragmatic purposes which, for the most part, involved either housing, governmental, or ecclesiastic purposes (or some combination of these three). When examining religious temples that are demonstrative of worshippers of both a Buddhist and a Hindu faith, scholars are able…. [read more]

Confucianism: A Religion Research Paper

… The relationship of mutual obligations a ruler has with his subjects or a parent has with his child parallels the relationship heaven has with humanity. To turn one's self into an educated person embodying virtues via what we might think as a secular associated (such as honoring the Emperor or raising one's children well) is not dissociated from connecting with the divine. The concept of 'animism' or non-living beings having a spiritual life is also present in many of the East Asian traditions: rather than idolatry, this is actually a way of conceptualizing the cycle of life, as one's ancestors or a spiritual, non-rational mode of existence are manifest in aspects of nature in a hidden form.

This suggests that rather than viewing Confucianism as…. [read more]

Tradition Related to East Asian Political Thought Research Paper

… ¶ … tradition of East Asian political thought

Introduction to Confucianism

Confucius, one of the tallest cultural and religious figures of ancient China is credited with originating a way of life that soon took cultural hue of what is since known as Confucianism. The origins of this soci-cultural-legal-religious body of thought can be traced back to the Spring-autumn of a year that lied somewhere in the 770 BC-476 BC period. This philosophy found wide acceptance throughout ancient China through the efforts and support of eminent Philosophers like Mengzhi and Han emperor Wu (Yang, 2014).

This thought that was originally only a social requirement of the times was soon embraced by the masses and was accepted as a legal code of conduct, too. The philosophy reached…. [read more]

Shifting Gender Roles Within Chinese Term Paper

… "The wife, while at rest, will certainly be correct so as to guard against harm" to being exposed to evil sights, sounds, and talk, and "fulfill her moral character" (De Bary 426). Hard work is essential for both men and women: a life of unreflective, decorative ease is harmful to women just as it is to men and a moral character for a woman enables her to order her household correctly (De Bary 427).

Thus, although Xu seemed to accept the traditional place of woman as caretaker of the home, within their roles women actually had the duties of study and self-scrutiny comparable with the duties of their husbands. Xu's investiture of the importance of the duties of woman stood in stark contrast to the…. [read more]

Asian Financial Crisis of 1997 Term Paper

… Closer Look at The Causes

Financial Sector Weaknesses

In order to attract foreign capital flows the financial services sectors were liberalized rapidly in the Southeast Asian countries such as Thailand and Indonesia. Due to the haste, inexperience and lack of expertise adequate systems for proper regulation of financial institutions were not developed in time. Singapore's former PM Lee Kwan Yew also terms inadequate systems as the primary reason for the Asian crisis when he says: "The primary weakness was inadequate systems to absorb this huge inflow of funds in the last three years, during a period of euphoria about the Asian miracle."

The problem areas were identified as lax lending standards, weak supervisory rules and procedures, inadequate capitalization, excessive inter-connected lending, and a general lack…. [read more]

Taiwan Is an Island Located in East Term Paper

… Taiwan is an island located in East Asia off the coast of mainland China, south of Japan, and north of the Philippines (Taiwan pp). Known as Formosa, Portuguese for beautiful island, it is 245 miles long and 90 miles wide with steep mountains covered by tropical subtropical vegetation (Taiwan pp). The island is bounded on the east by the Pacific Ocean, on the west by the Taiwan Strait, the south by the South China Sea, and on the north by the East China Sea (Taiwan pp).

Politics is divided between those who want reunification with China and those who want independence (History pp). When Taiwan elected Chen Shui-bian from the Democratic Progressive Party as its president in March 2000, it ended fifty-five years of Nationalist…. [read more]

Business Culture and Expansion Trends Research Paper

… From the North comes Kathak, which is understood for its utilization of even more than hundered ankle bells. Odissi is among the earliest dances which likewise come from holy places with the 'devadaisis.' Odissi as well has 2 various designs within it, Abhinaya (stylized) and the Nritta (non-representational). Manipuri dance is called after the North-Eastern area of Manipur from where it stemmed. Like numerous other Indian types, this type of dance is distinguished by slow-moving motions and essential hand motions. Each sort of dance represents its area, history and culture. It is remarkable the number of old designs of dance have actually been kept active throughout India (Doh, J., and Luthans, 2009).


There are various types of typical dresses in India which vary based…. [read more]

Religions of the Far East Term Paper

… Syncretism, the melding of belief systems with one another, is prevalent in definitions of the three major religions examined above. Each of the three influences and is influenced by the others. Taoism, with its focus on longevity and on a certain way of living, has been influenced by Buddhism's rituals such as structured meditation; it has also been influenced by Confucianism's focus on the way one ought to behave in this life. In turn, both Confucianism and Buddhism have been influenced by Taoism's attention to rituals and of a certain way of living leading to a better lot in one's next life. Taoism also adopted the worship of many Buddhist and Confucian deities and ancestors. Buddhist traditions like vegetarianism were incorporated into the Taoist tradition…. [read more]

Neo-Confucianism in South Korea Term Paper

… Neo-Confucianism in South Korea

Michael Lortz

Dr. Alexandra Albrecht

Neo-Confucianism in South Korea

The purpose of the present paper is to discuss neo-Confucianism in South Korea, more exactly, to analyze the manner in which the three bonds and five cardinal relationships of neo-Confucianism are applied to various aspects of modern South Korean life.

Right from the beginning it must be underlined that while there is more than one important religion in Korea, Confucianism managed to impose itself as the most relevant through the impact which it had upon the formation of beliefs and attitudes in people. In this regard, authors such as Peterson (26) claim that "large percentages of Koreans claim to be Buddhist or Christian or followers of Shamanism, but everyone in Korea, to…. [read more]

International and Trade Policy of Early Choson Yi Dynasty Korea Essay

… International and Trade Policy of early Choson (Yi) Dynasty Korea

The aim of this paper is to examine key historical forces that shaped Traditional Korea in the period between 1392 and 1910. The paper intertwines political, economic, socio and cultural themes as it highlights a number of major issues during the Early Yi Dynasty. It will provide a through review of Korea international and trade policy during the Early Yi Dynasty and its impact on the country and others such as Japan. It will also go ahead to examine its economic development, foreign, policy, and its relationship with other countries especially with Japan and Ming China during the early Yi Dynasty.

Nohm (1993) reveals that 'The Choson (YI) Dynasty was established from 1392 and lasted…. [read more]

Confucianism the Major Religion Essay

… Cultural purists would argue that no one is practicing religion in Japan -- that Japanese people are not religious. The Japanese did not have a word that translated directly as or from religion. They encountered this word around the time of Commodore Perry's visit and the Meiji Restoration. As a culture, the Japanese are more likely not to practice a religion as such, but to integrate and apply various philosophies was a way of life. The more popular philosophies in Japan are Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. Increasing numbers of Japanese people identify as religious, but for much of their history, they did not have religion, as Westerners understand the word to mean. Therefore it is the argument of the paper that Confucianism is not the…. [read more]

Korean History: The Climate Term Paper

… These changes and others mark a "golden age" in Korean history focusing on the ideals of a more progressive government, economy and science and arts. Ascension of Sejong to the throne in 1418 led to a series of technological and cultural changes that would see Korea through to the most recent past with an ideal as a historical model and a standard for scientific and social progress.

The Confucian expression "agriculture is the basis of government" was a practical fact of life in Choson and King Sejong and his scholars at the chiphyonjon paid particular attention to agricultural research. The government took an active role in improving the lot of Choson's farmers by investing in the development of new and better agricultural technology. It sponsored…. [read more]

Sleeping Giant Awakens China Research Paper

… Sleeping Giant Awakens

China, known as the "sleeping giant," has transformed itself from a rural, pre-industrial society to an economic and political powerhouse in just a few decades. Since 1949, through the Great Patriotic Revolution led by Mao Tse-Tung, China has literally moved from a feudal economic system to one of the world's fastest growing economies in the global environment. How did China accomplish this herculean task? What were the political and social consequences of such rapid movement? How is China now poised to become what some see as the "next global super-power"? Finally, how does traditional Chinese culture translate into modern geopolitical thought, allowing China both a link to its past and a propellant to the future?

China is a huge nation that has…. [read more]

Vietnam Moral and Ethical Issues Term Paper

… Current censorship practices pertain mostly to politically sensitive material. The problem is one of ideology: Vietnam is predominantly a communist country.

Whatever the country's ideology, Wolfensohn makes it clear that global competition and business practice require a more tolerant point-of-view. Internet censorship is not beneficial for global business or indeed investment in Vietnam. For a country with such great potential in terms of economy and industry, it makes better sense to lift censorship as a signal of goodwill towards the global world. To pull away from globalization for the sake of a political ideal is not beneficial for business. Indeed, in a country where society and the family unit are increasingly relying on technology for their structure and their ideals, ethics should include lifting censorship.…. [read more]

Analects of Confucius Term Paper

… xvii). This goes to show that the Master considered himself to be an energetic person who was physically thin and old. An in-depth analysis of Analects brings a new perspective on Confucius -- his personality and teachings.

Loyalty in Government Service

Confucius emphasized on honesty and loyalty in Government service and he believed that this will happen when the individual is taught to not do something that he would not want to get from others. In other words, the Master said that reciprocity is the key to being a good Government official because the disciple will not do to others what he does not want for himself (Analects, 15:24).

Virtuous Behavior

One of the core teachings of Confucius is to have a virtuous behavior that…. [read more]

Post-Cold War Era, Far Term Paper

… ¶ … post-cold war era, far from making the "end of history" and the triumph of the western ideal, will be characterized by increased global fragmentation and the "clash of civilizations" based on ethical, cultural and religious distinctions. Cultural identity has replaced any shared ideology that had existed as the dominant global perspective in world affairs. To a great degree nationalism, be it exclusive or inclusive of cultural minorities has become the driving force behind many world decisions and the many lessons of diversity, taught over the last 50 plus years have congealed into the pride of ideological difference that is created by the borders of ones nation and the culture of the people within it. The catch twenty-two of diversity has become fragmented ideologies…. [read more]

Ethnographic Encounter Thesis

… Ethnographic Study of Chinese Women in America

The objective of this work is to investigate the problem of dealing with the Chinese females became much more complex after they settle in China Town in the United States. Despite the Chinese cultural women remain traditional the globalized American culture have many way to influence the social life of Chinese women in China Town. By exploring how globalization affects the role of traditional Chinese women in China Town. By exploring how globalization affects the role of the traditional Chinese women, interview with the Chinese female immigrants with different ages, level of education, and marital status will give different perspectives in this research. The project will conduct anthropological discussions on the relationship between the culture of the transnational…. [read more]

Logistics Sector in China Term Paper

… China Logistics Sector



The formal name of the country of China is the People's Republic of China. The first dynasty recognized in the country of China, the Xiz, lasted from approximately 2200 to 1750 B.C. And is stated to have "marked the transition from the late Neolithic age to the Bronze Age. China was ruled under hereditary Shang kings in the Northern area of China with the armies of the Shang battling against their neighbors and nomadic herders coming from the North quite frequently. The second dynasty in China, the Zhou gave birth to Confucianism, Legalist, Daoism, and Monism. A very distinctive writing, philosophy, art, social and political system developed in China over the past four millenniums. In…. [read more]

Business Environemnt of China Essay

… Similarly, the country's disabled population also faces discrimination with many of them being bereft of employment.

Cultural characteristics may also stand in their way. These include an innate propensity to distrust of foreigners that may corrupt their negotiation and business dealings with foreign investors and markets. China is also extremely risk-averse and tends towards preference of traditionalism rather than innovation. They are a hierarchical, control-based society that has both its merits and demerits. Similarly too, their tendency towards favoring seniority, family connections and friends may play a detrimental part in the business realm where objectivity towards such conditions and preferences of merit above all else should direct decision-making.

Given these conditions and more, just how far the country can proceed in its remarkable economic progress…. [read more]

Buddhism Annotated Bibliography Adam, J. "Shaman Channels Annotated Bibliography

… Buddhism Annotated Bibliography

Adam, J. "Shaman Channels 12th Century but Adapts to 21st." The New York Times.

Web. 2012 November.

Asian culture has always been oriented towards nature and the spiritual. These two issues often combine in the shamanistic tradition, which allows enlightened individuals to channel spirits and attempt to contact the living. Chang Yin is one such individual, practicing her shamanistic rituals in the heart of urban Taipei. During the last part of the 20th and certainly the 21st century, many of Taiwan's traditional links with the past have eroded. To rectify this, some modern shamans are bringing their traditions to area where people work -- all in the guise of helping people solve problems. It is interesting to note the Asian…. [read more]

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