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Theories of Learning and Educational Psychology Term Paper

… ¶ … Learning

Educational Psychology

Multiple Choice: select the best answer

The ultimate goal of teaching is knowledge lifelong expert learning motivation volition

Which one of the following factors does NOT influence a person's skill and will to learn?

Common sense

Knowledge

Motivation

Self-discipline

Another term for self-discipline that is characteristics of self-regulated learners is common sense context motivation volition

When studies are based only on observations, the results should be expressed as cause-and-effect relationships descriptions principles theories

In what specific type of research would a researcher be likely to serve as a participant-observer?

Correlational

Descriptive

Ethnographic

Experimental

The most likely correlation between height and shoe size of adults is anywhere between +0.00 and +0.50 close to zero negative positive

Which of the following one…. [read more]


Causes as Well as the Available Approaches Term Paper

… ¶ … Causes as Well as the Available Approaches Affecting Learning Abilities

The Legislative perspective

The need for early intervention

The theory behind learning disabilities

Approaches of teaching children with Learning disabilities

Constructivist theory and its application

Behaviorist theory and its application

In this paper, we explore the concept of teaching student with learning disabilities. The concept of learning disabilities is defined and then the constructivist and behaviorist approaches to tackling the problem are presented. This is followed with a conclusion on how to best improve the quality of education for children with learning disabilities.

Learning disability is defined by the Pastor and Reuben (2002) as a disorder that affects a single or more of a person's basic psychological processes that are involved in active…. [read more]


Distance Learning an Evaluation of the Effectiveness and Student Progress in Florida Virtual School Dissertation

… Distance Learning Intro Revised

Hello Kevin

Thank you for submitting the initial draft for my review. Here is my reply.

INTRO -- Is uploaded with requested revisions

Working on it -- when do you need it?

Waiting for your overview of the research problems, etc., the raw data, and the data from the state or national testing statistics that you refer.

Quotes: The original instructions did not say anything about not including direct quotes. I will do my best, but if you find they are not useful, then please, remove them and paraphrase in your voice.

Thank you for incorporating the questionnaire. I like the concept of the questionnaire, rather than using only database statistics. It shouldn't be a problem to obtain data; it could…. [read more]


Technology Learning Environ New Term Paper

… Similarly, engineers need to take into account the diverse needs of a heterogeneous society when developing educational technologies. Sociological and psychological studies can lend insight into the particular ways educators and engineers can tailor their research, development, and implementation programs.

Implementing new technologies into the existing classroom environment will be challenging, requiring a structural reworking of the school's physical infrastructure as well as a remodeling of the school curriculum. In order for technology to reach its maximum potential it must be seamlessly integrated into each school. Learning styles, variances in cognitive styles, linguistic background, cultural needs, and disabilities must be taken into account in order to develop the most accessible educational technologies. Finally, using technology for educational ends must be in accordance with the changing…. [read more]


Constructive Therapy Constructivism Essay

… So people are agents acting on the world (likewise the world is an agent acting on us). Constructivism emphasizes self-efficacy, knowing, and personal relationships as key motivational components in one's life.

In Sam's case we can then hypothesize that Sam is actively seeking something in his relationships. His frustration indicates that he is not getting that, but it also indicates the potential for growth and learning. Here we integrate aspects of client centered therapy to develop a strong therapeutic relationship with Sam, develop trust, and to truly understand him while at the same time combine cognitive perspectives to understand how he views the world, especially his current situation at work, his relationships, and where he is heading in life. Based on the information we have…. [read more]


Feminism and International Relations Tickner Article Review

… Wendt's principal argument in Anarchy Is What States Make of It is that anarchy is a part of the world's structure, and nations/politicians agree how to operate within this realm. Interests and identity are dependent on individual, domestic, systemic, or transnational factors. States identify themselves through their interactions with other states. It is through these interactions that a state defines a friend or enemy. For example, two countries meeting for the first time would try to "size each other up," to learn more about one another. The interactions between both parties would be reciprocal, and through this interaction it is creating social structures, in which the respective parties form their identities. Realism, according to Wendt (2012), does not properly explain this notion. Neoliberalism fails because…. [read more]


Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)



One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]


Curriculum Books Essay

… However, some of the discussions of constructivism and brain-based approaches do not recognize the need for teachers to structure classroom tasks to facilitate the construction of meaning. SIGs integrate the best aspects of traditional role-plays and simulations into a learning environment that promotes active engagement, interactivity and collaboration, the application of knowledge and skills, and the use of complex thinking skills, including empathy and values-based learning (Nonaka, 2001).

The constructivist view of learning, in various guises, is widely embraced by most researchers studying cognition in education. Although, the meaning of constructivism is currently the subject of considerable debate (Clark & Mayer, 2003), the essential idea is that knowledge is actively built by the learner through transformations to existing knowledge structures, rather than being directly transmitted…. [read more]


How I Use Constructivism in the Classroom A2 Coursework

… Constructivism:

The value of being a constructivist teacher

Although I do not specifically label myself as a constructivist teacher, many of the philosophical components of constructivism resonate with me and my philosophy of instruction. Constructivism views learners as active participants in knowledge acquisition and stresses that learning is constructed socially, versus something that is objectively understood. What makes an educated person is something that is agreed upon by society, no child is born either a bad or a good learner. Some children may have an easier time fitting in because of their natural learning style and inclinations but it is up to the constructivist teacher to understand this: the constructivist teacher is willing to "commonly acknowledge the active role of the learner in interpretation of…. [read more]


Multiple Intelligence Brain-Based Learning Constructivism Term Paper

… Education - Philosophy/Methodology

COMPARING MODERN EDUCATIONAL PHILOSOPHIES

Modern Educational Approaches:

American education evolved considerably in the last half of the 20th century and, in general, reflects an attempt to promote learning through specific methodologies based on various different philosophical approaches. Rather than relying on traditional learning models emphasizing factual recall and rote memorization, the more modern education theories incorporate elements relating to concept of academic learning. We have come to recognize a fuller spectrum of different forms of natural aptitudes that comprise a much broader description of intelligence as well as the cognitive mechanisms responsible for human learning.

This new perspective about learning has led to the growth of several educational approaches designed to maximize their potential contribution. Within that overall framework, each of the…. [read more]


Online Learning Research Proposal

… Online Learning

Theories of Online Learning -- a research framework

The Need for Education Theory

The Theories of Learning

Attributes of Learning

The Learner Centered approach

The Knowledge Centered approach

The Assessment Centered

Possible variations to the Theories

Online learning is a mode of education that is rapidly developing and gaining in popularity. It eliminates the distance factor in education and improves on the concept of distance learning with additional benefits of face-to-face interaction and virtual class rooms via the internet.

Even though the online learning process might seem to be a completely different in terms of teaching and learning theories, researches have shown that the basic principles of learning transcend mediums and can be applied for effective online education and learning. One of the…. [read more]


Philosophical Influences on American Education Essay

… Education

Philosophical Influences on American Education

Name & time period

John Dewey/Progressivism

Jean-Jacque Rousseau

Epistemology

Jean Piaget

Montessori

Main beliefs

Progressivists think that individuality, progress, and change are essential to a person's education. These basics of progressive education have come to be known as social re-constructionist and child-centered. Both of these essentials allocate an interest in the individual which enables educationalists to progress past the notion of children as robots (Wiles, n.d.).

Made the first all-inclusive attempt to explain a system of education according to what he saw as nature. This theory stresses completeness and agreement, and an apprehension for the person of the learner. Central to this is the idea that it is possible to preserve the original perfect nature of a child, by…. [read more]


Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]


Cognitive Theories of Development Essay

… Cognitive Theories of Development:

Piaget's Theory:

Given that he was initially trained in biology and philosophy fields, Jean Piaget was mainly interested in the impact of biological influences on cognitive development (Huitt & Hummel, 2003). As a result of his extensive work in this field, he is regarded as one of the most important researchers in developmental psychology. In his theory of cognitive development, Piaget suggests that human beings cannot obtain information that they immediately use and understand. Therefore, human beings develop their own knowledge through experiences which enable them to build mental models in their minds.

During his work in Paris, Piaget noticed that the answer of younger children were qualitatively different from those of their older counterparts. These answers were not because the…. [read more]


Curriculum Term Paper

… All the above styles should not be administered as pieces but should however be prescribed as a unit of approaches.

One of such approaches is the Problem-Based Learning (PBL)-This approach is a curriculum that is developed with an instructional system tat simultaneously administers or rather incorporates both the problem-solving strategies and the disciplinary knowledge base and their corresponding skills. This strategy was defined in 1995 by both Finkle and Torp (1995).This method involves the placing of the adult learners in the front seat of problem solving while confronting them with ill structured problems which are by themselves a direct reflection of the common world problems and issues. An example of application of this approach would be in the formulation of science-based curriculum for adults. In…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast Vygotsky's and Piaget's Theories of Cognitive Development Term Paper

… Vygotsky and Piaget

Lev Vygotsky and Jean Piaget were both born in 1896. Piaget was originally trained in biology and philosophy. Vygotsky received a law degree from Moscow University and studied literature and linguistics. He wrote a book on the psychology of art and received a Ph.D. It is said he created the social development theory of learning as he began to work in psychology shortly after the Russian revolution. The theories prevalent in Russia at that time were cooperative learning and the sacrificing of one's own goals and successes for the betterment of society. The success of one individual was considered the success of the group instead. History and background were supremely important in the understanding of a culture. Vygotsky, influenced by this way…. [read more]


Teaching Theories and an Ethical Nursing Situation Term Paper

… Teaching Theories and an Ethical Nursing Situation

The purpose of this paper is to apply a learning theory to an actual educational case study and scenario. The situation must be seen from the point-of-view of the nursing student scenario. The situation must be challenging to handle. This includes being able to identify events and critical indicators of the scenario that made the case challenging to the student. These indicators may include: a student's developmental state, education level, socioeconomic standing, cultural status or any personal, family factors that may influence the situation.

Literature suggests that these indicators apply in situations of an ethical nature and the challenge remains to make the right moral decision. Nurses are faced with moral and ethical issues every day especially when…. [read more]


Creativity and Teaching Essay

… Loris held various beliefs which guide the Reggio Emilia schools which relate to development of creativity in a student. The fundamental to the Reggio philosophy is based on Loris beliefs which include the image of a child as being rich in potential, powerful, strong and competent and hence can come up with their own knowledge. A child The child is also recognized as having his or her own values, and they want to be respected and valued for who they are at the same time holding respect for others .the child also embodies an open mind and a sense of curiosity to everything possible. Finally encouraging children to develop their own theories of the world and how it works though exploring.

According to Munro, (2010)…. [read more]


Carl Rogers' Theory of Personality Essay

… For example, in his book, The Psychology of Intelligence, Piaget writes:

Every structure is to be thought of as a particular form of equilibrium, more or less stable within its restricted field and losing its stability on reaching the limits of the field. But these structures, forming different levels, are to be regarded as succeeding one another according to a law of development, such that each one brings about a more inclusive and stable equilibrium for the processes that emerge from the preceding level. (2001, p. 7)

Like Erikson and Rogers, though, Piaget has been criticized for his views, primarily for the stage-development aspects. In this regard, Harlow and his colleagues add that, "Though Piaget's theory has been subject to a number of criticisms, those…. [read more]


Theories Comparing Term Paper

… With use of some of his theories, teachers may produce results in their students because they cater their teaching practices to the differences in intellectual development depending on the age of their student.

Vygotsky's major written works were composed over approximately a decade and consist of six volumes. His lifetime was not as long as Piaget's, not even reaching age 40 before death, yet his popularity was great and he was well-known during his brief lifetime. He made innovations in areas regarding the psychology of art, psychology methodology, methods of learning, and interpersonal communication. He was much more of a socioculturalist.

Vygotsky is best known for being an educational psychologist with a sociocultural theory. This theory suggests that social interaction leads to continuous step-by-step changes…. [read more]


Distance Learning Is a New Term Paper

… This procedure was improved with the introduction of two additional factors (Horton, 1994 qtd in Sherry), i.e., the student's physical and mental set-ups. The physical set-up consists of the student's environment, peculiar situation and other physical or sensory circumstances. The mental set-up consists of the student's memory, associations, emotions, inferences and reasoning level, curiosity and interests. From these inputs, the student conceives his own image and combines it with previous knowledge and abilities for his own use.

The situated cognition view is derived from constructivist principles that guide the learner in constructing an internal representation of knowledge. This view maintains that both social and physical interaction combine in defining a problem and in forming the solution (Sherry). In using constructivism in a lesson, focus must…. [read more]


Theories of Race and Ethnicity Term Paper

… ¶ … Scientific American by Michael J. Bamshad and Steve E. Olson ("Does Race Exist") brings the reader information that is understandably a bit heavy on the science end but helpful in a social context. And the article is helpful for the investigative young mind because after all, present day Western society is one of impressive human diversity. More than a mere "melting pot," America is a nation of many nations, many cultures and numerous immigrant groups of wildly diverse ethnicities. The point being, it is far too easy - and socially impolite - for a person to identify individuals strictly by "race." A person from Korea, for example, should not be referred to as "Oriental" (as that is vague as well as a racial…. [read more]


Management Philosophies Samsung Group Essay

… Another article by Kamii & Ewing (1996), states that it is impossible for learners to establish high levels of relationships with what they observe unless they incorporate certain levels of knowledge to it. According to Kamii & Ewing (1996), cooperative learning methodology brings great maintenance of material and an increase in the transfer of learning. Jean Piaget insisted that constructivism would advance to other philosophical theories because the ideas are innovative and concepts can change with time.

Narrative

The article by Ruth-Sahd is about social collectivism. The article bases on concepts of observation in a nursing clinical setting. The article also incorporates personal experiences of nurses. Observation and personal experiences help nurses in learn of effective management practices that will help them in their nursing…. [read more]


Effectiveness of Academic Achievement Through the Use of Block Scheduling in High School Classrooms Thesis

… Academic Achievement Through Block Scheduling

Education and Block Scheduling

Introduction- The educational climate in contemporary America is not the same as it was in the late 20th century. There is a long tradition surrounding the manner in which the American educational system should be structured, dating back to the Founding Fathers. When we review a brief history of the American educational system up through No Child Left Behind, in fact, we find a series of pendelum swings that tend to result in a rather haphazard approach to certain academic sides of educational leadership. It is not the purpose of this study to debate the efficacy of constructivism, neo-constructivsm, Vygotsky, et al., Rather, it is to understand how educational research is not only necessary, but critical…. [read more]


Frederick Douglass Literacy Studies Term Paper

… Sociology and Academia in Frederick Douglass's "Learning to Read and Write"

An American hero, epitome of the evils of slavery, and true embodiment of the American dream, former slave Frederick Douglass rose from the bowels of society to become one of the United States' most learned scholars. The sheer beauty and elegance of his essay "Learning to Read and Write," is proof that the institution of slavery oppressed some of the most brilliant and creative minds of the plantation era. Despite the fluid language and artful prose, however, the facts of the article are enough to confirm Douglass' station as one of the most capable and ambitious academician of his time. Douglass' description of his own struggle to attain literacy is useful for far more…. [read more]


Negative Impact of the Addie Term Paper

… It also needs to implement simultaneous processes within and between each phase. Throughout the ISD process, continuous relevant feedback has to occur to shape the process to ensure the product meets the needs of the audience. It needs to focus on the problem to be solved and its solution. Finally, the instructional design process needs to be situated within a suitable environment for the intended student.

In conclusion, medical students are not given enough or sometimes, any, opportunities to take business classes in medical school. This is a result of the negative impact of the effectiveness of the ADDIE model. Although the ADDIE model is the most widely used, its step-by-step system for the evaluation of students' needs, the design and development of training materials,…. [read more]


Teaching Math Concepts to Improve Test Scores Term Paper

… Elementary Measurement: Area, Perimeter, Volume



In an era of increased demands for teacher and student accountability, identifying better ways of delivering educational services represents a timely and worthwhile endeavor. There are some significant constraints involved in teaching young learners about mathematics concepts, though, that must be taken into account in devising such approaches. Nevertheless, the mandate is clear and state-level high-stakes testing regimens across the country currently require that all students achieve minimum performance standards on reading and mathematics tests in order to be promoted to the next grade. In this environment, identifying what works best and what does not is an important first step, and these issues are discussed further below.



Problem Statement and Needs Analysis

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Democracy, Multiple Intelligence, Art Project Term Paper

… aaae.org/research.html#abilities).

However, while this research found that an arts-based education is beneficial to all children, this does not mean that all children benefit from it in exactly the same way. Indeed, it would be highly counter-intuitive if they did given that one of the reasons that an arts-based education is useful to begin with is that the many different aspects of such an education (from dance to painting) are helpful in educating children precisely because they are so diverse. Arts-based education is inherently geared toward an evaluation of each child in terms of multiple intelligences.

The model of multiple intelligences that has been used throughout this research was developed by Howard Gardner in his 1983 book, Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Based…. [read more]


How International Relation Theories Apply to Vietnam War Term Paper

… Vietnam War

Explained Through the Lens of International Relations Theories

The territory of Vietnam has undergone many political changes through the years. The most notable of these was the French-Japanese-French-Independence period from the 1940's and 1950's. Initially, French Indochina was lost to the Japanese occupiers in World War Two, and recovered by the French after the War. After this, however, the Vietnamese sought independence from the French in the 1950's. After this independence occurred, Vietnam was controlled by an American leader, and later, North and South fought against one another in the name of another political philosophy: communism. This paper will aim to explain the history of the Vietnam conflict, albeit from a United States perspective, but will also analyze three political lenses, liberalism, constructivism,…. [read more]

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