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Drug Use and Abuse Research Paper

… The participants averaged 32 years of age and 59% were male; males were more likely to use alcohol, heroin, cocaine, crack cocaine, methamphetamine, marijuana and hallucinogens than females; moreover, males reported using alcohol, marijuana and hallucinogens at "…a significantly younger age than females (Shannon, 98). The reason the study was done in eastern Kentucky included the fact that eastern Kentucky has "…the highest prevalence group when examining illicit drug use other than marijuana" for individuals 12 or over in the United States (Shannon, 99).

The participants were solicited by placing flyers in public locations. Once the initial participants were selected (they had to have been injecting drugs in order to quality) they were then interviewed and asked to bring friends (that were also drug users)…. [read more]


Contextual Analysis Drug Abuse and Addiction Essay

… Contextual Analysis

Drug abuse and addiction is a pervading problem in American society today. Not only does it have devastating effects upon the individual and his or her immediate family, but also upon society as a whole. The reason for this is that the effects of drug abuse tend to affect those who interact with the addicted person in various direct and indirect ways. For the family, for example, drug abuse by one family member may mean a devastating effect upon finances and family relationships. For society in general, drug abuse can have effects that include peer group influence, where the addicted person reinforces the habit in his or her friends. If the individual is for example perceived to be "cool," he or she may…. [read more]


Drug Music Is an Art Essay

… Wingwood, DiClemente and Hook (2003) investigated such a potential connection between rap and health. They found that exposure to rap music was a predictor of health risk behaviors including drug use, but also found that it correlated with unemployment and less parental monitoring. Thus, the youth with greater exposure to rap music in their study were youth who were already at greater risk for drug use and other negative health outcomes.

It is probably worth noting at this point that in all of the songs in question, the artists are writing from experience with the drugs that are the subject of their music. Thus, they are reflecting back at the very least their own experiences, even if their drugs are not part of an identifiable…. [read more]


Ameliorating the Threat to at Risk Populations Dissertation

… ¶ … ameliorating the threat to at risk populations is a leading motivation for scientific investigation. The possibility that social and cultural tensions are responsible, even in part, for the incidence of alcohol and substance abuse in a particular group of individuals, more so than is experienced by counterparts in other countries of comparative social and economic standing, is cause for investigation into the reason for a groups' significantly higher instance of substance dependence and abuse. In the Republic of Armenia, there are several factors which facilitate, even encourage the use of illicit substances and the misuse of substances such as alcohol. Namely among those factors is the relative unavailability of clinical analgesics and inaccessibility of affordable reliable health care (Hinote,, Cockerham, & Abbott, 2009).…. [read more]


Description of the Core Functions of Addiction Counselors Case Study

… ¶ … clients and their presenting problems are unique in some way, the 12 core functions of an addiction counselor can help guide the intervention and case management process. This paper provides an overview of these 12 core functions of addiction specialists, followed by a personal interpretation of their meaning. In addition, a case summary of a young male adult, "David" who suffers from drug and alcohol addictions, is followed by an application of the first five of the 12 core functions of an addiction counselor to David's unique situation. Finally, a summary of the research and important findings concerning the 12 core functions of addiction counselors are provided in the conclusion.

Twelve Core Functions of an Addictions Counselor

Addiction counselors are consulted by people…. [read more]


Compulsive Hoarding Due to Childhood Sexual Abuse Term Paper

… Compulsive Hoarding Due to Childhood Sexual Abuse

The objective of this work is to research and examine childhood sexual abuse and compulsive hoarding. This work will identify the social impediments to the treatment interventions of this population with traumagenic compulsions and will further analyze how cognitive behavioral therapy would overcome these impediments and provide treatment for this disorder.

OCD Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

SLE Stressful Life Events

CSA Childhood Sexual Abuse

PTSD Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

CRF Corticotropin Releasing Factor

HPA Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal

ACTH Adrenocorticotropic Hormone

NIMH National Institute of Mental Health

LITERATURE REVIEW

The work of Saxena, et al. (2004) entitled: "Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Obsessive-Compulsive Hoarding" states the fact that "Compulsive hoarding and saving symptoms, found in many patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)…. [read more]


Parenting Style & Jewish Youth Alcohol Use Thesis

Parenting Style Influence on Excess Alcohol Intake Among Jewish Youth


The harmful effects of alcohol abuse by adolescents are well documented, and these effects can have lifelong implications. Some of the more challenging aspects of addressing this problem include differing cultural and religious views about alcohol use. In addition, different types of parenting styles within these different settings can also have a profound effect on adolescent alcohol use and abuse. To help fill a gap in this body of knowledge, the purpose of this quantitative survey research was to examine the relationship between different parenting styles and alcohol consumption among Jewish college students in the United States because previous studies have not focused specifically on cultural context when studying the relationships between parenting styles and…. [read more]


Brand Loyalties in Alcoholic Beverage Markets Thesis

… Brand Loyalties in Alcoholic Beverage Markets

Brand Loyalty Analysis

The perception of alcoholic beverages depends, to a great degree, on the personal experiences with alcohol consumption. Had the observer witnessed a family tragedy created around alcohol consumption, then his perception would be a strongly negative one. If on the other hand, the individual consumer has not had a negative experience with liquors, then he might consume the beverages as a means of recreation. But there is also the third category -- the alcohol addicts, whose numbers are increasing at a global level and who lose their lives, and those of the others, for a drink or because of a drink.

In a context of the recognized disastrous impacts of excessive alcohol consumption over the life…. [read more]


Birth Problems: Expecting Mothers Thesis

… A logical connection will be made from the psychological and behavioral issues a mother has with the drug problem, and also the results of this seen through the fetus and the unborn child. Long-term effects on the child will also be looked into. The hypothesis of this study is that children who are born from an addictive mother have a chance of living normal lives once their initial drug addiction and withdrawals are battled.

Type of Research: Mixed Methods Model

This study gathers statistical data on previous cases of children born through a mother who suffers from s drug addiction problem. From this statistical data, the diseases and risks a child can develop will be analyzed. Furthermore, any discussion relating to the topic concerning possible…. [read more]


Dual Diagnosis Population Seminar Paper

… Population Needs and Assessment

Dual Diagnosis, Comorbidity, and Modified Therapeutic Communities

The term dual diagnosis is a term typically reserved for someone suffering from a mental disorder and a comorbid substance abuse problem, although technically the term comorbidity is more appropriate. There has been some debate in the literature surrounding the use of a single diagnostic label for a group of individuals who have a wide variety of different psychiatric diagnoses and different substance abuse issues (Evans & Sullivan, 2001). The term "comorbidity" was a term introduced in the medical field in the 1970s by an epidemiologist to describe the presence of more than one distinct different disease occurring in an individual at the same time (Feinstein, 1970). The designation of comorbid diseases assisted physicians…. [read more]


Religiosity Impact on Adolescent Alcohol Use Thesis

… Adolescent Use of Alcohol



Alcohol use among adolescents is acknowledged as a significant family and societal problem (Yang, Zhiyong, & Schaninger, 2010). Professionals in multiple healthcare fields have warned that adolescent alcohol use can lead to (a) detrimental drinking patterns, (b) negative influences on families, and (d) significant costs to society (Yang et al., 2010). The costs of adolescent alcohol to society are truly enormous and have been estimated at $68 billion annually (National study reveals teen substance use America's no. 1 public health problem, 2011). These economic costs, of course, are in addition to the tragic toll that adolescent alcohol use can exact, a toll that can last a lifetime. In fact, adolescents who drink are more likely to drink excessively…. [read more]


Grandparent Caregivers Societal Antecedents as Predictors Dissertation

… Grandparent Caregivers

Societal Antecedents as Predictors of Resilience, Caregiving/Parenting Stress and Coping Strategies in Custodial and Non-Custodial Grandmothers of African-American or African Decent

The past three decades have seen a break from the traditional nuclear family roles. During this time, society has witnessed a dramatic increase in the number of children being raised by their grandparents. Many grandparents assume the role of primary caregiver for their grandchildren and/or childcare provider because of the impact of numerous societal antecedents which cause the parent or parents to be absent from the home. These societal antecedents include child abandonment, and/or neglect, parental employment obligations, parental education endeavors, and parental military obligations. These represent the key reasons for grandparents assuming the care of grandchildren. This comes at a time…. [read more]


Chemical Dependency, Particularly Alcoholism Research Paper

… 69).

By contrast, critics of this growing trend maintain that treatment manuals "ignore a rich heritage of psychological theory, reduce treatment to simple recipes dictated largely by the pressures of the insurance marketplace, and subtly restrict responsive and creative adaptation of treatment to the diverse needs of a heterogeneous client population" (Shumate, 2002, p. 69). Armed with their DSM, PDR and appropriate treatment manuals, then, some clinicians may erroneously believe they have all of the tools they need to treat the most complex chemical dependencies cases they encounter. As Shumate concludes, "Most importantly -- some opponents contend-treatment manuals delude practitioners into the belief that the mysterious process of change and recovery has now been identified, quantified, and reduced to an easy-to-use, step-by-step format; a non-medical…. [read more]


Social Services and Child Welfare Term Paper

… Naturally, the baby was removed from the home but this was not enough to save Lisa. As unfortunate as this incident was, it is not as uncommon as many people would like to believe. There are many children in this country and even in the state of New Jersey that suffer greatly at the hands of parents and adoptive parents, as well as other caregivers. Not that many of them die, or they would make the news more often, but there is still enough pain and suffering that none of these young children should have to go through.

This is very tragic for these individuals to have to deal with this kind of pain and it is not just something that they feel when they…. [read more]


Communities: Literature Review Essay

… The logic is that by strengthening the capacity of the Indigenous community to prevent family violence among its members, the program would help boost efficiency in the use of human and financial resources, thereby raising the chances of success.

As Tsey, et al. (2007) point out, the development of an intervention program calls, therefore, for cautious evaluation of how the identified factors interplay to impact on the emotional and social well-being of community members, their safety, and their ability to engage directly with the intervention program. This requires an understanding of the cultural context of Indigenous family violence; and the tailoring of intervention programs to fit into these contextual perspectives.

Contextualizing Indigenous Family Violence: Understanding the Perspectives of Family Violence among Indigenous People

The 2003…. [read more]


Stress Management in the Caregiver Research Paper

… A study published by the Nuffield Trust (Williams et al. 1998) highlighted what had long been a subject of interest in the caregiver media: the levels of stress, sickness, absenteeism and burnout among professional caregivers. This report, from an authoritative and reputable organisation, brought together much of the prevailing evidence about the alarming state of the government funded workforce, which, despite a growing independent sector, is still responsible for giving over 90% of health caregiver. The report states that 'for the sake of good management and from simple compassion, both we and the Government should view these findings with due alarm, and accept shared responsibility for working quickly together to develop a program for action.

Studies highlighting stress and burnout in professional caregivers continue to…. [read more]


Health and Wellness Programs Term Paper

… Health and Wellness Programs

Research Proposes

More than Absence

Healthy Habits

Final Diagnosis

Health and Wellness Program examines the hypothesis: Although employees' health and productivity in public agencies in the southwest Georgia region are reported to be regularly enhanced by the impact of Health and Wellness Programs, limitations and delimitations are frequently overlooked or intentionally ignored. Consequently, this presents unanticipated problems as employers and employees may obtain unrealistic expectations and ensuing Health and Wellness Programs may be "set up" to fail.

Positive and negative program components, along with counters to potential failures of Health and Wellness programs are examined and presented in this paper.

HEALTH and WELLNESS PROGRAMS

Research Proposes

More Than the Absence

Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being,…. [read more]


Stigma of Suicide and Grief in African-American Mothers Literature Review

… Suicide Grief among African-American Mothers

THE COLOR OF STIGMA

This research will explore the experience of representative African-American mothers who lost their sons to suicide. The biopsychosocial contextual model of stress, as specifically applied to suicide as stressor, by Clark, Anderson, Clark and Williams (1999) will guide the following research questions:

Does perceived stigma due to suicide, as measured by the Suicide Stigmatization Scale (Fiegelman et al., 2011) significantly predict severity of grief, as measured by the Inventory of Complicated Grief (Prigerson et al., 1995), in African-American mothers who have lost a son to suicide, controlling for maternal socioeconomic status, age, relationship status, depression, and history of suicide in the family?

Does the coping style of John Henryism, as measured by the John Henryism Active…. [read more]


Young Man, Steven. We Analyze His Behavior Case Study

… ¶ … young man, Steven. We analyze his behavior and habits and draw possible conclusions on what are the key factors that led him to suffer from depression as well as decision making problems. His peers are also evaluated in order to come up with a definitive conclusion on the actual issues that might be affecting his behavior. We present our findings by means of a thorough literature review of the possible causes of depression as well as indecisiveness. The paper then proceeds to present my personal thoughts of the causes of depression and indecisiveness in our contemporary society. The legal and ethical implication dilemmas of the case scenario are also considered. This case scenario also presents a case of a correlation between depression and…. [read more]


Antenatal Education Systematic Review Dissertation

… However, recently, studies have shown an increase in knowledge as a result of these antenatal education classes. These studies have also highlighted the importance of using a wide range of techniques in the classes to improve the health and well-being of the pregnant mother Su et al., 2007a ()

The impact of antenatal education classes on maternal emotional states as one of the psychological well-being factors is an important consideration in understanding the effect of these classes Schachman et al., 2004.

Maternal emotions can influence the health and social well-being of the mother and the baby thus is important in both the behavioral and psychological well-being of the fetus and the mother as well Malata et al., 2007.

One important question to understand is the…. [read more]


Homelessness in the United States Term Paper

… Homelessness

IN the UNITED STATES and ITS INFLUENCE on CHILD DEVELOPMENT

People Without Homes

Points to Ponder

CONTRIBUTING CONSIDERATIONS

Snapshots of Homelessness

The Number of Homeless

Facts about homelessness in the United States

Homelessness Portrayed

Cutout Children

NATIONAL LAW CENTER on HOMELESSNESS & POVERTY

Sexual Abuse

Rural Homelessness

Homeless Children with Disabilities

In Their Own Words

Erik Erikson's Theory

Carol Gilligan

Grounded in Listening

More Factors Associated with Homelessness

Homelessness Devastating Impact

Recognizing Needs

Countering Causes

Do Something

Snapshot of Homeless Population in U.S.

Figure 2: Number of Homeless People in Each State

Figure 3: Manuel Hernandez

Figure 6: Waiting for the Shelter to Open

Figure 5: Life-size Cutout of Young Homeless Girl

Figure 6: Life-size Cutout of Young Homeless Boy

Table 1: Grid Depicting…. [read more]


Classroom Behavior Management Policies Research Paper

… Classroom Behavior Management Policies

Title suggestions:

Bridging the Gap Between Systems Theory and Elementary Classroom Management

An Evolution: Systems Theory and Classroom Management

BREADTH

Systems Theory by the Three B's

Robert Freed Bales

SYMLOG

Living systems theory

Social entropy theory

Entropy management in organizations

Autopoiesis

Ludwig von Bertalanffy

The concept of the whole

GST and integrative studies

Science and society

The importance of the individual

A Comparison of the Three B's

Bales

Bailey

Bertalaffny

Theoretical similarities

DEPTH

Annotated Bibliography

Classroom management definition and challenges

Strategies and methods

Techniques and training

Self-efficacy and beliefs

Culturally responsive classrooms

Evidence-based strategies

Theory -- and model-based strategies

Comparison to Bertalaffny

Top recommended classroom management strategy

Conclusion

References

Abstract

Breadth

Sociology and the study of social systems has taken many…. [read more]

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