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Corrections Issue of Gang Violence Term Paper

… According to report by the FBI, various gang groups are involving sophisticated structures and technological approaches, most of which have not been realized by the public. Nonetheless, education and knowledge creation to the public has paved the way for security and citizen collaboration in ending cases of gang violence in the country.

Recommendations, on how to mitigate the issue in the future

Gang violence is an incredulous happening that should be stopped in any society. The origin of gang violence should be investigated in order to have a comprehensive understanding that will stop any probable occurrence in the future. A clear understanding of the reason that perpetuates gang violence should be given much concern for future security and stability. The FBI should conduct innate research…. [read more]

Correction Institutions Administration and Leadership Term Paper

… The rioters at the Southern Michigan prison were "…easily observed and so deterred from perpetrating violence" (Wortley, 199). Moreover, there should be a safe place for staff to "withdraw" at the first sign that control has been lost, Wortley explains.

Gang control in prisons

The American Correctional Association (ACA) states that gang members account for just 1.2% of all state and federal prison inmates. Some prisons have used a strategy that disperses gang members throughout the "entire system" and sends some gang members to other prisons outside their own state (to deter cohesiveness among members of the same gang). Other strategies include: "gang renunciation and debriefing programs"; rival gang "integration programs"; "informants"; "…in-prison prosecutions"; and "identification, tracking and information-sharing systems" (ACA).

Grievance procedures

The United…. [read more]

Drugs in Federal Corrections Research Paper

… The continuous growth in the number of prisoners has not gone hand in hand with that of wardens (Exum, 2010). There is a shortage of wardens and training for the wardens has also been minimized. This results in poor staff morale, and demotivated wardens. They will not perform their responsibilities as expected since they are not appreciated. The increase and continuous closure of correctional facilities is straining the few correctional facilities that remain. The drug problem will not end if the ratios are not increased and staff provided with better working conditions and training.

Suggestions for improvement

Having a balanced and integrated approach to the problem would assist in eradicating or reducing the prevalence of drugs. Not all inmates are drug addicts, but only 70%.…. [read more]

Corrections Gangs Term Paper

… Corrections/Gangs

Prison gangs are groups of organized criminals that began within the penal system and have continued to operate within correctional facilities throughout the United States. Prison gangs are also found outside the prison system as well. Normally, a prison gang is made up of a select group on inmates who have an organized chain of command and who are presided over by an established code of conduct. Prison gangs usually have fewer members than street gangs and usually are structured along racial or ethnic lines. Nationally, prison gangs present a threat because of their function in the transportation and distribution of narcotics. Prison gangs have an important connection between drug-trafficking organizations and street gangs. They often broker the transfer of drugs to gangs in…. [read more]

Gangs in Prison Essay

… Originally started as a means of protecting Salvadoran immigrants from other, more established Los Angeles gangs, MS-13 has blossomed into a massive international organization responsible for "drug distribution, murder, rape, prostitution, robbery, home invasions, immigration offenses, kidnapping, carjackings/auto thefts, and vandalism" ("The MS-13 Threat" 2008). In prison, the gang focuses on control of the drug trade, "primarily powder cocaine and marijuana," and according to the FBI, MS-13 is expanding its membership at a "moderate" rate through recruitment and migration ("The MS-13 Threat" 2008). While the gang's base of operations was originally Los Angeles, recently "law enforcement officials have reported increased coordination of criminal activity among Mara Salvatrucha cliques in the Atlanta, Dallas, Los Angeles, Washington, D.C., and New York metropolitan areas" ("National Gang Threat Assessment,"…. [read more]

Corrections/Police - Criminal Justice Contemporary Essay

… Rehabilitation is good but correctional centers should not merely rely on just rehabilitating but the inmates should also be encouraged to be part of the restoration justice movement which is in place. Not all offenders are willing to transform; therefore, prisons become part of a restorative justice system to such. (Lozoff Bo, 2012)

Housing for inmates is also a matter that should be delved into such that the older and more experienced prisoners should not be mixed with young offenders since the older ones prey on the younger ones since this gives the older ones the opportunity to register the young ones into criminal jail gangs. Wardens and correctional administrators should undergo continuous inspections as well as allow public scrutiny to ensure minimal abuse against…. [read more]

Violence in Prisons Officer vs. Inmate Essay

… Violence in Prisons

This is a guideline and template. Please do not use as a final turn-in paper.

Violence in Prisons -- Officer vs. Inmate

"In recent years, U.S. prison inmates have been beaten with fists and batons, stomped on, kicked, shot, stunned with electronic devices, doused with chemical sprays, choked, and slammed face first onto concrete floors by the officers whose job it is to guard them. Inmates have ended up with broken jaws, smashed ribs, perforated eardrums, missing teeth, burn scars

not to mention psychological scars and emotional pain. Some have died"

(Human Rights Watch, 2004, para. 4).

It should be obvious to all that our prison system in the U.S. is in serious trouble. The main culprit is overcrowding -- but there…. [read more]

issues in corrections management and inmates Essay

… Gender and Transgender Issues
The differential needs of populations in prison require evidence-based practice models for improving correctional services. Research substantiates the need for gender-specific correctional programming and institutional practices (de Vogel & Nicholls, 2016). Rehabilitation programming needs to be responsive to the needs of women and transgender individuals, rather than assuming a one-size-fits-all approach. Transgender inmates in particular comprise a vulnerable population. Correctional managers need to create policies and programs that offer support for transgender inmates, and outright prevent the 'misgendering' of inmates: determining inmate gender based on their birth assignment rather than on the gender they currently identify with (MacPherson, 2017). Working with advocacy groups, correctional managers can come up with cogent and evident-based solutions to working with a gender diverse inmate population.…. [read more]

Prison Gang Is a Select Essay

… This is why they fight with and manufacture improvised weapons. Gangs make prison corridors an extension of the streets where they battle over tuff and drug territory. Because of security lapses, these gangs make lethal improvised weapons behind the bars which are used to threaten and carry out violence. It is mind boggling how authorities would allow religious organizations whose activities influence manufacture of improvised weapons behind bars to continue operating within the prisons (Fleisher & Decker, 2001). Facilities exposed to the religious organizations like World Church of Creator (WCOTC) tend to have two-fold increase in weapons production. In fact, correctional facilities that have access to their literature have a weapon production problem of over 70% (Knox, 2005). It is worrying to know that with…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]

Controlling Street Gang Activity Research Paper

… These definitions have helped the policing agencies to apprehend high-risk individuals so that they may be prosecuted by the courts.

An important point to note in this scenario is that the Canadian correctional system is federal in nature as opposed to the system in the United States where each state has its own system and regulation of policing and correctional facilities. In the Canadian experience, the control of street gang activity relies almost exclusively on the use of gang suppression through policing efforts. This has put extreme pressure on the resources of the policing agencies, thereby adversely affecting their performance.

Municipalities play an important role in the policing strategy because they exercise control over the agencies. Considering that the policing agencies are under resourced at…. [read more]

Delinquent Youth Subculture Gangs Research Paper

… Delinquent Youth Subculture -- Gangs

Gang and group aggression, while not a new development in Canada and U.S., is becoming much more difficult to just look the other way as just boys being boys. However, boys are not alone, girls are apparently becoming more involved in this subculture of gang violence, but the hostility of both gender appear to be becoming more erratic, more vicious, and more dangerous. While many academics will argue that violence among youth is on the rise, there are not many dispute the fact that gang membership importantly enlarges the occurrence and distribution of brutal and violent crime amongst both genders. The purpose of this paper is to deliberate at length one of the most important characteristics of the delinquent youth…. [read more]

White Prison Gangs Criminal Behavior Essay

… The white prison gangs will from alliances even with black gangs as long as their interests are catered for.

Influence outside prisons

These white prison gangs have not been confined to the prisons only but have found their ways out of the prison walls hence extending their operations to outside the prisons with the released prisoners who were members of these gangs being given the responsibility of ensuring that the activities of the gangs are perpetuated outside the prison walls. As seen in the structure a of the command system above, there is an elaborate governance structure outside the prisons just as much as is within the prisons. This structure involves the corporals and captains who are responsible for the running of the gang activities…. [read more]

Corrections Officer? After Graduating Term Paper

… Occasionally, I have encountered an officer or two who fails to treat the inmates with respect but such officers generally do not last long. They somehow or another eventually leave the profession.

Q: What is the most significant change that you have seen in corrections in the last several decades?

A: Without a doubt the most significant change is in the number of inmates that are housed in our state's prisons (Franklin, 2006). When I began the inmate population was much smaller. There was always available housing in each of the units. With the smaller population inmate control was much easier. Today, the units are filled and maintaining control is much more difficult. The gang concept which is such a problem on the streets has…. [read more]

Corrections - Criminal Justice Issues Essay

… Corrections - Criminal Justice Issues


Can we operate safe, effective prison?

Imprisonment as a form of punishment is almost always associated with much higher rates of violence in correctional facilities than in society outside of prisons.

According to the experts, the risk of assault in prison may be as much as ten times higher than in society. The factors responsible for violence in prison are the nature of the prison population itself, because those sentenced to imprisonment are, by definition, those in society who are most prone to violent behavior. The close quarters and tensions associated with living in the prison environment give rise to gang affiliation in prison and to corresponding conflicts among different prison gangs. One of the…. [read more]

Looking Into Gangs in the U S Prisons Research Paper

… Gangs in the U.S. Prisons

Who are they?

The definition of 'prison gangs' according to Lyman (1989) is a group that operates in prisons as a self-maintained criminal unit, comprising of a selected bunch of prisoners having a fixed, ordered command chain and regulated by a set standard of conduct. These gangs typically operate covertly. One of its objectives is performing gang activities through the control of their respective prison environments, via aggression and bullying directed at non-gang members (p. 48). They constitute a relentlessly disruptive force within correctional facilities. Their activities end up disrupting correctional programming, eroding institutional culture, and threatening staff as well as fellow inmates' safety (Fleisher & Decker, 2001).

Commonly, prison gangs engage in illegal activities such as drug trafficking, prostitution,…. [read more]

Police and Stress in a Police Officer Thesis

… Police Stress

Preventing Police Officer Stress

The stresses that police officers face as a part of their daily job often make it difficult to maintain a normal life. Police officers are more likely to experience divorce or be the perpetrators of domestic violence than the public. In addition, they also have a significantly higher suicide rate than the public. Police officers experiencing incredible strain on the job are a serious problem for administrators and managers. Often, the stress that a police officer experiences are beyond anyone's control. They must cope with the situation that they are dealt. This research concludes that administrators and managers must play an active role in reducing stress of the officers under their charger. It explores positive steps that can be…. [read more]

How Teens Get Involved in Gangs Term Paper

… ¶ … Teens Get Involved in Gangs

There can be little doubt that gangs pose a significant threat to modern society. First, gangs engage in criminal activity, which has a tremendous negative impact on non-gang members and members of rival gangs. In addition, by concentrating recruiting efforts on young children, gangs deprive many children of the opportunity to have a normal childhood and normalize criminal behavior like violence, drug abuse, and drug dealing. Furthermore, because teenage gang members frequently acquire obvious vestiges of gang membership, like gang tattoos and criminal records, they are often virtually unemployable in mainstream society by the time they enter adulthood. Because of the negative impact that gangs have on their members and on society at large, it is clear that…. [read more]

Crime and Corrections Historically Essay

… These factors tend to intersect producing a near insoluble conundrum. Demographic characteristics such as race, gender, income, and age also address help to determine the criminal trajectory. In America crime, criminals and victims are more likely to be from the same community. Crime concentration exists in specific segments of the American landscape. These segments tend to be stratified by socioeconomic status and access to power (Calvo-Armengoi and Zenou, 940).

The actual reduction of the numbers of persons who are incarcerated means that fewer persons are being convicted and given custodial sentences. This reduction has not translated into feeling of safety and security in the public domain. There is a constant underlying current of fear and pessimism. The media fuel this fear. The media sensationalize criminal…. [read more]

School Violence in Schools Term Paper

… "

Updating Policies

Schools across the country, such as those in Bergen County, New Jersey, are currently revising and implementing policies to deal with school violence. Their "policies on vandalism and violence in the schools are being modified to refer to bullying and harassment, and to make them conform to other school policies on bullying and intimidation (Austin, 2003)."


School violence is a crucial problem facing children today. It is imperative to not only find ways to reduce the violence, but to implement them as well. It is up to the adults to protect future generations and provide them with a safe learning environment.


Austin, Charles. (20 November, 2003). Fair Lawn plans to update school policies.

The Record (Bergen County, NJ).

Erickson, Doug.…. [read more]

Policy Development for the Investigated Term Paper

… The research by Zahn, Mihalic and Tichavsky (2009) was not able to identify a specific factor that determines what works for girls in Juvenile Justice System, however, it was able to deduce that gender specific programs are largely ineffective and need a lot of amendments. This led to many positive changes to gender specific programs and the follow-up programs have been made more extensive, as a result of this study.

The study by Fled (2009) had a significant impact on the policies within the juvenile justice system. The report was successfully able to formulate that female crime is on an increase, which led to changes in the organizational environment of the prison facilities and changes were made in the rehabilitation exercises to cater to females.…. [read more]

Sexual Factors That May Affect Human Behavior Rape Research Paper

… Sexual Factors That May Affect Human Behavior: Rape

The argument has been made, with the support of a growing body of scientific evidence, that modern humans continue to exhibit many of the traits that were developed as important survival mechanisms during the Stone Age where for humans, the survival of the fittest depended on reproductive success. Although the sexually violent act of rape has historically been regarded as criminal based on manmade laws, many cultures have subscribed to religions that make the victim of rape the woman in some Moslem countries, for example, while other countries in the West view rape as generally unlawful, but provide exceptions for marital rights according to the jurisdiction. In this environment, identifying sexual factors that can affect human behaviors…. [read more]

Prisons the American Criminal Justice Essay

… Within the prison system, overcrowding is a particularly pressing issue as it is the root of many other problems in prisons, including gangs and substance abuse. Besides these problems, overcrowding often leads to prisoners being released early and further endangering society. But this problem is not insurmountable and there are solutions to the problem of prison overcrowding. First of all society must deal with the problem of substance abuse, the lower the number of substance abusers, the lower the number of crimes associated with substance abuse. Then society must deal more effectively with those who commit crimes due to substance abuse; using treatment, not prison, in sentences. This is an effective way of relieving the problem of prison overcrowding. American society must also comes to…. [read more]

Prison System. This Discussion Essay

… References

Agnew, R. & Cullen, F.T. (2003). Criminological Theory, Past to Present. Los Angeles, CA: Roxbury Publishing Company.

Aziz, D., Levine, A.J., Sieber, K., Schulte, P., & Steenland, K. (1997). Incidence of Tuberculosis infection among New York State prisons employees. American Journal of Public Health, 87, 2012-2014

Briggs, C.S., Sundt, J.L., & Castellano, T.C. (2003). The effect of supermaximum security prisons on aggregate levels of institutional violence. Criminology, 41, 1341 -- 1376

Cheek, F. (1984). Stress management for correctional officers and their families. College Park, MD: American Correctional Association. 38

Cheek, F.E., & Miller, M. (1982). Prisoners of life: A study of occupational stress among state corrections officers. American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees. Washington D.C.

del Carmen, A. (2004). Corrections, 2e. Cincinnati:…. [read more]

Jails and Prisons Essay

… They also help the justice system by holding persons who are waiting for trial, sentencing, conviction or arraignment in court. He jails also help in holding those under probation as directed by the courts, parole individuals those who violate bonds as well as absconders. The jails can also hold convicted people if the prisons are full. They can also be used to hold the mentally ill people as they await transfer to the mental heath facilities (Net Industries, 2012).

The community-based correction is an alternative to the incarceration that is usually offered to nonviolent offenders and petty crime offenders. These community correction models usually come with tied conditions, sanctions, parole as well as probation provisions. This model can be applied even to already sentenced prisoners…. [read more]

Juveniles and the Legal Process Research Paper

… The aim of these programs is to build the highest character ideals and promote healthy and positive growth of the youth. However, some of the government-funded programs consume a significant amount of money and time without achieving the intended results. A perfect example is DARE program for the youth. Therefore, the money that is used to fund this program should be used to expand services of other projects like the Boys and Girls Club. The DARE program offers class lessons on a weekly basis. The program integrates science, health, language arts, and social studies into one lesson. Hence, the education of a child is supposedly uninterrupted. Police officers lead the lessons and demonstrate positive alternatives to harmful behaviors (Elrod and Ryder 36).

Binge drinking has…. [read more]

Psychological Effects of Incarceration Term Paper

… Young inmates also are affected since they usually miss their siblings and their parents.

Causes of psychological trauma to inmates after being incarcerated

Former convicts who get released suffer from post-incarceration syndrome due to the conditions that they were subjected to while they served their term of imprisonment. However it is important to note that they are also exposed to cases of discrimination by their families and society in general. They find it hard to get employment and even trusted by their family members and friend.


The very essence of incarceration or correction is to ensure that the convicts become better persons once they are reintegrated into the general society.The following are the recommendations that should be adopted in order to ensure a healthy…. [read more]

Conflict Resolution in a Prison Setting Term Paper

… Conflict Resolution

Corrections/Police - Criminal Justice

Conflict Resolution in a Prison Setting

As Warden, there are several key aspects to thoroughly consider in a situation, such as the division of staff and its inclusive influence with the division of the prison population. Foremost, the altercations of each identity as purported by each sect of separated staff members or groups, must allocate correctly toward the directive of the outset restrictions upon prisoner and corrections staff. There must be a very clear and definitive line drawn between the staff and the prison population. These restrictions must be outwardly and directly adhered to in order for any further substantiation of addressing the problems surrounding the staff subculture (Gould, 2005).

In taking an interactive approach to addressing this issue,…. [read more]

Women in Prison Major Legal Research Paper

… Women are also in a total state of dependency upon their female guards for all of their needs, which can again exacerbate the feelings of victimhood.

A lack of program support

Although most prisons afford vocational training and psychological support for women to enter into the job market as productive citizens, few women prisoners take advantage of such opportunities. The reason, one study suggests, may be inadequate program design, given that most approaches to training focus on males and are the program paradigm is merely transferred to female prisons with the same approach. The employment rate of formerly incarcerated women is similar to the level of their pre-incarceration period, suggesting a failure of appropriate vocational training and social support for women inmates (Lalonde & Cho…. [read more]

Native Americans: Separate and Unequal Term Paper

… 3). In a manner that mirrors the attitude of the Quechans, the Cherokee also sought federal protection, but wanted to maintain their sovereignty. In other words, Native Americans were trying to negotiate a place within the expanding European society in North America, but without sacrificing their values, beliefs, and sovereignty. The colonial powers, whether British, Spanish, French, or U.S., responded sometimes brutally by segregating them physically and culturally.

An essential component of the colonial response was to establish boarding schools through the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) (Oliver, 1996, p. 10-13). The goal was to indoctrinate Native American children in Christian values, the English language, property ownership, and the American work ethic, while stripping them of their native culture and language. Twenty-five boarding schools were…. [read more]

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