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Correction Institutions Administration and Leadership Term Paper

… The rioters at the Southern Michigan prison were "…easily observed and so deterred from perpetrating violence" (Wortley, 199). Moreover, there should be a safe place for staff to "withdraw" at the first sign that control has been lost, Wortley explains.

Gang control in prisons

The American Correctional Association (ACA) states that gang members account for just 1.2% of all state and federal prison inmates. Some prisons have used a strategy that disperses gang members throughout the "entire system" and sends some gang members to other prisons outside their own state (to deter cohesiveness among members of the same gang). Other strategies include: "gang renunciation and debriefing programs"; rival gang "integration programs"; "informants"; "…in-prison prosecutions"; and "identification, tracking and information-sharing systems" (ACA).

Grievance procedures

The United…. [read more]


Corrections Facility What Contemporary Problems Essay

… This is the primary reason drugs should not be legalized as the violence may be reduced but the behaviors corresponding to drug use will increase (Summary, 2012). Below is a chart depicting drug use and crime in visual form.

By legalizing drugs would also have an effect on the health of potential criminals? By legalizing drugs, society is fostering its acceptance. This acceptance of drugs will have severe implications on the health of offenders. Some substances aren't meant for human consumption, yet their ability to alter consciousness has made them into attractive sources of intoxication for those looking for a high. Inhalants such as glue or aerosols have been abused to this end, with disastrous consequences. Most abused drugs have some affect on the cardiovascular…. [read more]


Corrections Administration Essay

… Corrections

Continuum of Behavior and Social Groups

The continuum of behavior is described as behavior from socially acceptable to socially deviant. This continuum is most often associated with social identity theory which posits an individuals' self-perception or self-concept to be derived from membership in a social group they determine to be personally relevant. Ascribing to this notion, certain behaviors within the group are determined to be legitimate or permissible within the group environment Hogg & Vaughan, 2002). This behavioral continuum is said to move from positive defined as caring and helpful to negative associated with hate and violence. Along the continuum are descriptors such as self sacrificing, or the willing to risk one's own life for another person, ideology or ideal to life threatening, where…. [read more]


Corrections Officer? After Graduating Term Paper

… Occasionally, I have encountered an officer or two who fails to treat the inmates with respect but such officers generally do not last long. They somehow or another eventually leave the profession.

Q: What is the most significant change that you have seen in corrections in the last several decades?

A: Without a doubt the most significant change is in the number of inmates that are housed in our state's prisons (Franklin, 2006). When I began the inmate population was much smaller. There was always available housing in each of the units. With the smaller population inmate control was much easier. Today, the units are filled and maintaining control is much more difficult. The gang concept which is such a problem on the streets has…. [read more]


Corrections Gius, Mark. ) Term Paper

… Under option four, the regional facility manages both pretrial and convicted inmates, however only portions of the participating jurisdictions continue to operate their own facilities. Under option five, local facility accepts referrals from other participating jurisdictions, including the state, for specified inmate types. Under option six, a single jurisdiction accepts pretrial and/or sentenced inmates on a set fee-for-service basis. Under option seven, total consolidation of city-county jurisdiction inmates, resources and governance.

The author notes that there is no one right answer, nor is there a quick and easy way to make the decision, and that success lies in careful consideration of a number of complex issues, and hinge on a number of factors, as leaders develop innovative and strategic collaborations that bring benefits to both…. [read more]


Corrections/Police - Criminal Justice Contemporary Essay

… Rehabilitation is good but correctional centers should not merely rely on just rehabilitating but the inmates should also be encouraged to be part of the restoration justice movement which is in place. Not all offenders are willing to transform; therefore, prisons become part of a restorative justice system to such. (Lozoff Bo, 2012)

Housing for inmates is also a matter that should be delved into such that the older and more experienced prisoners should not be mixed with young offenders since the older ones prey on the younger ones since this gives the older ones the opportunity to register the young ones into criminal jail gangs. Wardens and correctional administrators should undergo continuous inspections as well as allow public scrutiny to ensure minimal abuse against…. [read more]


Law Enforcement, Corrections Capstone Project

… ¶ … Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Outline of Issues, Policies and Problems Confronting Modern Law Enforcement, Corrections, and the Court System in the United States

Law Enforcement

Policy No. 1: Community Policing. This policy is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Shortage of Police Officers.

Corrections

Prison Overcrowding. This problem is explored further in the annotated bibliography that follows.

Issue No. 2: Private Prisons.

Court System

Issue No. 1: Juvenile Justice.

Overloaded Court System.

Policy No. 1: Community Policing

Brunschot, E.B. (2003, May). Community policing and "John schools." The Canadian Review

of Sociology and Anthropology, 40(2), 215-220.

Author examines prostitution offender programs in the context of community policing in practice and emphasizes the problems that can…. [read more]


Why Pursue a Degree in Administration of Justice Term Paper

… Administration of Justice

Why pursue a degree in Administration of Justice?

The Criminal Justice Administration System is very important in the general way of things, because of the important fact that the system is responsible for providing a way in which justice may be administered for those people who have committed a crime of any nature. The criminal justice administration system would offer the candidate a bachelor or a master's degree form a reputed university. This would in turn allow the candidate to pursue a rewarding career as a City or State Police Officer, or as a Highway Patrol Officer, as a Sheriff, a Deputy, as a Detective, or as a Plainclothes Detective, as a Corrections Officer, as a Prison Guard, as a State Police…. [read more]


Corrections - Probation Criminal Justice Term Paper

… Corrections - Probation

Criminal Justice

Corrections & Probation-

The objective of this work is to answer the question of precisely what purpose the pre-sentence investigation reports serves inclusive of a victim impact statement and to relate some problems that are associated with these documents. Further this work has as its objective to explain the advantages and disadvantages of the ways in which probation may be administered. Next this work will relate the advantages and disadvantages of probation being administered on a county level and on a state level. Finally the elements that affect whether probation is granted will be researched and then related.

Pre-sentencing Report

The pre-sentencing report is just as it sounds a report that is prepared prior to the sentencing hearing. The report…. [read more]


Corrections - Criminal Justice Issues Essay

… Corrections - Criminal Justice Issues

ISSUES in CRIMINAL JUSTICE ADMINISTRATION

Can we operate safe, effective prison?

Imprisonment as a form of punishment is almost always associated with much higher rates of violence in correctional facilities than in society outside of prisons.

According to the experts, the risk of assault in prison may be as much as ten times higher than in society. The factors responsible for violence in prison are the nature of the prison population itself, because those sentenced to imprisonment are, by definition, those in society who are most prone to violent behavior. The close quarters and tensions associated with living in the prison environment give rise to gang affiliation in prison and to corresponding conflicts among different prison gangs. One of the…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Essay

… Today, the common form of correction system is prisons. The society has deemed it a necessity to separate criminals from the rest of the society. This means that all criminals are locked up somewhere with the aim of removing them from the rest of the society (Roufa,2010).

These key issues in criminal justice administration can be prioritized. The first issue is law enforcement. The police are very important when it comes to criminal justice administration. This is because without the police then there is no way that criminals would face the criminal justice system since the police are the link. Therefore the police are the first priority because they are needed so that the criminals can be caught and hence face the justice system. The…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses Essay

… Despite the existence of these assorted challenges, most judicial institutions have managed to forge cordial relations and cooperation towards realization of justice to all criminals in a state or country (Gaines & Miller 2013).

My decision to choose the manager for the interview came about owing to his vast knowledge in matters of enforcement of criminal justice. Administration of justice to criminals must follow due process of the law (Neubauer 2011). Hence, the manager notwithstanding his experience and expertise in this unit is more candid to provide information without apprehension. Under the administration of criminal justice, only personnel with vast knowledge and experience in matters of law and criminal justice have direct consent or permission to comment and even proceed to give sensitive information (Neubauer…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration: Corrections Officers Job Satisfactions Thesis

… Criminal Justice Administration: Corrections Officers

Job satisfactions of corrections officers

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, the primary duty of corrections officers is to perform the often-stressful work of overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are awaiting trial or who have been convicted of a crime and are sentenced to serve time in a jail, reformatory, or penitentiary. Corrections officers are in charge of monitoring prisoner behavior, ensuring that prisoners do not engage in physical or verbal intimidation in their interactions with one another, or continue their criminal activities behind bars. Officers may also supervise inmates' visits with friends or family members. The satisfactions derived from the occupation, in addition to upholding the law and protecting the safety of the public (as is…. [read more]


Criminal Justice Administration Essay

… Criminal Justice Administration

What should Casey's response be to the reporter (other than hanging up or telling him to call back) concerning the agency's recommendation?

Casey's response should be one that is straight forward and honest. She should tell them that her office is going to look at all the facts in the case and take everything into consideration when they make the decision of what to recommend to the court. A probation officer's main goal is to help the defendant to get the help that they need in order to become a productive member of society. Casey needs to stick to her ethics and carry out her job to the best of her ability. If her first concern is the well being and enhancement…. [read more]


Role of Correction Officers Corrections Essay

… They give explanations of the procedures and rules of the facility to the prisoners in order for them to understand what is expected from them and the consequences of their behaviors. They are the people who receive prisoners into custody, search them, make the initial assessment of the prisoners for safety health and security .they supervise those prisoners who are in custody for the maintenance of order in the daily activities, programming and work assignment.

The correction officers also function as prisoner hearing advisor when it comes to classification and disciplinary to ensure that their welfare and rights are safeguarded. They apply the required force according to policies that include giving verbal warnings and physical presence by using hard and soft restrains and if need…. [read more]


Police Courts and Corrections Research Proposal

… References:

ACLU (2010). The Persistence of Racial and Ethnic Profiling in the United States: A Follow-Up Report to the U.N. Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination. Retrieved from: http://www.aclu.org/files/pdfs/humanrights/cerd_finalreport.pdf

Adorno, T., Frenkel-Brunswik, E., Levinson, D., Sanford, N. (1993). The Authoritarian Personality, Studies in Prejudice Series, Volume 1. New York: Harper & Row, 1950 W.W. Norton & Company paperback reprint edition, 1993

Apter & Desselles (2001) in Motivational Styles in Everyday Life: A Guide to Reversal Theory. Washington: APA Books.

Baird, F.E.; Kaufmann, W. (2008). From Plato to Derrida. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Campbell, D.J., Hernandez, R.P. (2006). IACP Diversity Coordinating Panel. The Police Chief, 73, 9

Cartwright, W.S. (1999). Costs of drug abuse to society. The Journal of Mental Health…. [read more]


History of Corrections Humankind Term Paper

… Under Pope Pius, galley slaves had been eligible for breads on a daily basis, as well as their sentences ranged from three years to life (Johnson, 2002). Although we don't currently have comprehensive records of the way this type of sentence had been completed, and that we can be certain that its execution varied to some extent from boat to vessel, the reviews which can be found show that galley slavery had been basically a sentence to death. Galley slavery terminated once the work had no longer been required on vessels due to the technical growth and development of sails.

Poverty and Bridewells, Debtors' Prisons, and Houses of Correction

Nevertheless, galley slavery could possibly only process a small quantity of the financially poor who started…. [read more]


Ohio Corrections Through Just Desserts: A Multi-Agency Essay

… Ohio Corrections

Corrections Through Just Desserts: A Multi-Agency Collaborative Approach

The orientation of our government is essentially a composite of agencies whose capacity to function both independently and in concert with one another serves as a key determinant of the effectiveness of the policy implementation of our public officials, the dexterity of the government in engaging criminal pattern and the ability of the people to access the policy realities of their elected representatives. Any negative connotation appended to such bureaucracy as manner of conduct, policy or procedure may find its roots in the elected leadership by which it is oriented or the sway of public opinion. Still, this is a form which ultimately enables the high level of coordination that will emerge between government agencies…. [read more]


Justice Administration the United States Research Paper

… Attorneys are advocates of an accused person who defend them (Silverman, 2012).With an attorney an accused person has confidence in the judicial process since they have someone who speaks for them and has the task of proving they are not guilty.

On the other hand there are some elements of the justice system which impend the completion of the judicial process.one of such element is the lack of communication between the police and the courts. The police are given the task of arresting any individual who is breaking the law. The police are the ones who have the evidence that incriminate or link a person to a particular crime. However, in most occasions there is lack of communication between the police department and the courts.…. [read more]


Homeland Security and Justice Administration Essay

… Homeland Security and Justice Administration

The National Response Framework is a system developed by the Federal Emergency Management Administration designed to prevent, respond to and aid in the recovery from disasters such as acts of terrorism, natural and man-made disasters. It is just one of the elements of the National Preparedness System but involves "a continuous cycle of planning, organizing, training, equipping, exercising, evaluating, and taking corrective action." ("FEMA") This system is considered a cycle because there is no end goal to attain other than the continual protection and responding to disasters. Because there is always new ways to improve, there is always a continual cycle of steps which aim to continually improve the ability to respond to disasters.

Chicago is a large urban area…. [read more]


Privatizing Prison Administration Description Term Paper

… 5 billion (Irwin et al. 2000).

Income Distribution Decision-Making. State and federal prison systems operate under different mandates, thereby creating a wide range of prison boards, committees and oversight agencies at the state level, with federal prisons being administered by the Federal Bureau of Prisons (BOP). The BOP is responsible for the custody and care of approximately 180,000 federal offenders; more than 152,500 of these inmates are confined in BOP-operated correctional institutions and detention centers. The remainder are confined in privately-operated prisons, detention centers, community corrections centers, and juvenile facilities, as well as some facilities operated by state or local governments (The Bureau in Brief 2004).

Section III. Current Controversies and/or Proposed Alternatives.

The need for alternatives to the existing prison system has never been…. [read more]


Community-Based Corrections Description: A Court-Ordered Essay

… Name of Punishment: Restitution (deterrence)

Description: Restitution is an alternative for a person on probation (or who has been incarcerated) to paying a "fine" (a fine is punishment; restitution is a form of restorative justice); the restitution is money paid to the victim of the crime, either to compensate them for their injuries or for the damage done, or things stolen.

Advantages: A judge can order restitution "…as a condition of another sentence" like probation, although "…it is possible to receive a sentence of restitution on its own" (Findlaw).

Disadvantages: The offender might have to pay restitution for the car he stole and ruined, and he might also have to serve time for car thievery; he may see it as a double fine.

Name of…. [read more]


Database Administration Thesis

… Database Administration Today

In evaluating the current field of database administration, the areas of Database Management Systems (DBMS), Database Administrator (DBA) roles and responsibilities, the concepts of database designs, performance of databases, and data integrity and availability are all critical concepts that need to be covered. In addition, database security, so essential for any company to continue operating, as is evidenced by the many breaches of databases today, which happen nearly on a daily basis. The breach at social networking site Twitter is particularly troublesome given the rapid growth of that social platform and the information stored on its servers. Additional areas include database backup and database recovery. Each of these topic areas forms the foundation of a DBAs' many tasks in supporting an organization.…. [read more]


Administration and Management in Criminal Justice Term Paper

… Criminal Justice Organization Forms and Leadership Styles

Court hierarchy is important to the legal system in a variety of ways. The hierarchy provides courts with a system that allow defendants and the plaintiffs to pursue their cases effectively to prove the credibility of their cases. The hierarchy delineates the manner of undertaking legal proceedings in the courts. For example, the presence of the lower courts provides a basis for determining the threshold of the cases that should be forwarded to the high courts of the state. The hierarchy also provides the courts with a system of that promotes delegation of duties to ensure efficiency and effectiveness in the management of operations. For instance, it provides the high courts with opportunities to delegate some of its…. [read more]


Corrections Final Research Proposal

… Official Operational and Administrative Duties and Responsibilities:

The principal responsibilities of employees in the custody of the HC State prison system is to (1) contain and (2) control the inmate population. The purpose of containment functions are to protect the external civilian population and society from convicted criminals; the purpose of control functions are to protect the inmates from one another. However, your most important responsibility is to ensure the physical safety of your fellow officers and other HC State employees for many reasons, including the fact that your ability to fulfill this institution's containment and control responsibilities at all times.

The HC State protocols, policies, and procedures are codified into a manual and your ability to execute your prescribed duties requires that you understand…. [read more]


Corrections Research Paper

… This non-random assignment has been accompanied by evaluation of the impact of facility type management on recidivism, outcomes, and costs.

In contrast, Olson and Baglivio (2013) have ensured the reliability and validity of the findings of their study by verifying self-reported data through program reviews and site visits that were carried out by department staff (p.64). The review was carried out to establish the existence of any direct relationship between the use of physical limitation, security level, facility size, and the kind of population being served.

Main Points of Each Article:

Bayer & Pozen conclude that for-profit management has statistical considerable effect on recidivism when evaluated from a year's rate of recidivism and everyday hazard rates. They also argue that for-profit management of juvenile correctional…. [read more]


Administrative Scenarios Administration Case Study

… Administrative Scenarios

Administration scenarios

The purpose of incarceration of individuals in correctional facilities is to punish and rehabilitate dangerous criminals. The Federal Bureau of Prisons is responsible for the enforcement of law, and in administration of federal prison systems. Prisoners' detention centers are state owned facilities in the United States of America except in some situation where prisoners go to privately owned facilities. Correctional facilities management follows State, local authority laws. Over eighty percent of those incarcerated stay in bureau owned prisons while the remaining number stay at community owned facilities, detention centers or juvenile facilities (Carlson & Garrett, 2006). Prisons administration departments have a layout of authority and the commissioner of prisons has the highest authority.

The bureau has the jurisdiction to carry out…. [read more]


Social Equity Is a Key White Paper

… In addition, public administration has the duty of burdening the responsibility of creating and maintaining a commonwealth. However, in practice the relationship between citizenry and administrators is complex, making matters of government operation, citizen engagement, and design in administration complex (Candler & Dumont, 2010). This is the result of a global phenomenon, which has led to the creation of the concept of direct citizenry engagement. The need for local responsibility is a challenge for the administrator to create citizenry engagement for some administrative functions, like security. However, these remains a challenge for leaders as national integrated systems of administration are in the way of future governance.

2.2 Analysis of Theories of the Conference

2.2.1 Public Administration Leadership

Leadership in public administration entails the "exercise of…. [read more]


Correctional Officers: As an Attorney Essay

… My colleague's actions, especially his drinking problem, hinder his ability to provide much attention to cases. This drinking problem could also be the reason for his seeming incompetence, poor demeanor and behavior, and inability to represent facts appropriately. Therefore, my colleague has not only violated the rules for professional conduct but also infringed the ethical legal code for this profession, which has resulted in several moral and ethical issues.

Since a lawyer serves as an evaluator of a client's legal issues, he/she must be prompt, competent, and diligent in all professional functions. While conducting his/her professional activities, an attorney's conduct should comply with legal requirements in relation to provision of client service and in handling personal and business matters. Lawyers are required to uphold the…. [read more]

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