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Counselor as a Therapeutic Person Term Paper

… Recognition and Acceptance of Power:

In addition to identifying and being aware of their own strengths and weaknesses, effective counselors should have the ability to recognize and acceptance their own power. This helps them to feel adequate with others and permit other to feel powerful and comfortable with them.

Openness to Change:

Counselors should be open to change and exhibit a willingness and courage to leave the security of their comfort if they are not satisfied with what they have. As a result, these practitioners make decisions regarding how they will like to change and work toward becoming the individuals they would like become.

Authenticity, Sincerity, and Honesty:

Counselors need to have the qualities of authenticity, sincerity, and honesty to avoid hiding behind facades, defenses,…. [read more]

Therapeutic Alliance, Attachment Theory and Retention Term Paper

… Therapeutic Alliance, Attachment Theory and Retention in Therapy

Numerous studies have established that, "...therapeutic alliance is an essential component of successful therapy. All forms of individual psychotherapy have demonstrated a connection between outcome and therapeutic alliance "(Delaney, 2006). It is important to note that the significance of the therapeutic alliance goes beyond the parameters any one theory and is considered a "pantheoretical" factor of treatment. (Delaney, 2006) While the general concept and praxis of therapeutic alliance is associated with outcome, it is also aligned with the issue of retention.

This study will attempt to provide an overview of the relationship between therapeutic alliance and retention with reference to the underlying influence of attachment theory. The subject of therapeutic alliance has been in recent years the…. [read more]

Therapeutic Models Psychodynamic and Person-Centered Essay

… Hence, the client-centered therapist is expected to maintain a positive tone and general attitude towards the client despite the personal disliking about client's various actions.

Because the person-centered counselor puts so much focus on genuine and on being led by the client, they therapist tend to ignore the boundaries of time and technique as would a psychodynamic therapist. If they judged it appropriate, a person-centered counselor might diverge considerably from orthodox counseling techniques. Another important concept attached to this therapy is Empathy which means understanding what the client means and what he or she is going through. This entails therapist's ability to understanding what the client means and has gone through or going through (by having an accurate estimation) by being sensitive to client's feelings…. [read more]

Henderson a Cognitive Behavioral Study Essay

… Finally, Mr. Henderson appears to have developed a negative view of himself, the world, and the future -- the classic triad of negative beliefs according to cognitive psychologists (Beck, Rush, Shaw, & Emery, 1979). Counseling should address these negative beliefs and attitudes and have Mr. Henderson test these beliefs by means of discussions in the sessions and the use of homework assignments. Once Mr. Henderson use these beliefs as a rational the counselor can help Mr. Henderson concentrate on more rational and realistic beliefs about himself, other people, and his future.

Given the factors in this case it will be best to approach the case with the cognitive behavioral treatment plan. While the research has generally concluded that SSRIs and some other medications can be…. [read more]

Family of Origin Term Paper

… Person-Centered Therapy

Origins of Person-Centered Approach

Concepts & Assumptions

Therapist and Patient Roles

Therapy in Practice

Current Interpretations

Sigmund Freud took the world of psychotherapy by storm in the early 20th century. He painted a picture of people who needed the guiding hand of an expert to help them overcome their malaise. In his view, only a trained therapist could uncover repressed emotions and conflicted family histories. Patients were described as suffering and also incapable of healing themselves without the dedicated help of a psychoanalyst, usually for many years of intensive therapy.

Carl Rogers rejected these fundamental assumptions of Freud and his colleagues. Instead of conceptualizing the therapist as the star of the story, with expertise to cure the ill patient, Rogers re-positioned the client…. [read more]

Burnout and Technical College Counselors Research Proposal

… Burnout and Technical College Counselors

This research proposal outlines the background, theoretical and research foundations, as well as the methodological framework, of a study that will investigate the prevalence of burnout in counselors within the sixteen (16) colleges in the Wisconsin Technical College System (WTCS). The construct of burnout for the purposes of this study is defined as emotional exhaustion, depersonalization or cynicism and inefficacy of a counselor. While all professions have some level of stress involved, the research quickly emphasizes that school counselors in general and those at 2-year institutions tend to experience inordinately high levels of work-related stress that may contribute to a higher incidence of burnout. This research suggests that there is a distinct difference between counselor burnout as a function of…. [read more]

Counseling a Midlife Woman Depression Case Study

… They go on to censure or expel the members if the counselor does get involved in sexual relations with the client.

In this instance, it was obvious that the client did disclose her romantic feelings towards the counselor. After the client has told her feelings, the counselor should uphold the boundaries of the client and counselor relationship. He should be able to maintain a therapeutic stance and give replies and responses that would discourage the client rather than encourage him for this relationship. Kennedy & Charles (1992) stated that is very critical for a counselor to be aware of the repercussions of the message sent to the client and how they will feel about it later on. This shows that the counselor should encourage the…. [read more]

Phenomenological Person Centered Therapeutic Model Research Proposal

… ¶ … Person-Centered Model in Counseling psychology focuses on the person receiving therapy rather than the theory applied. This means that none of the traditional assumptions play a role in the therapeutic process. Traditional views of the counselor-client relationship include the assumption that the counselor knows what is best both in terms of theory and in terms of each specific client treated. The counselor is assumed to have supreme knowledge and wisdom in applying the relevant theories to each case presented by clients. In terms of the person receiving therapy, the traditionalist assumes that clients are unable to solve their own problems and that they need professional help to do so. The traditional focus is theory applied to problems, rather than the person's experience of…. [read more]

Carl Rogers and Person-Centered Counseling Essay

… ¶ … person centered counseling is an interest to you.

Because organizational resources are by definition scarce, it is important for counselors of all types of employ counseling approaches that have proven effectiveness. When Carl Rogers first described person-centered counseling in 1987, it represented a sharp departure from previous counseling problem-solving approaches by focusing on three core tenets: unconditional positive regard, congruence, and empathy for others (Lewis & Osborn, 2010). According to Rogers, the person is the natural source of information concerning how best to proceed with a therapeutic intervention: "I am well aware that…one can place…a primary value upon society, and only a secondary value upon the individual. But only in the individual does awareness exist. Only in the individual can alternative courses of…. [read more]

Empathy Today Essay


The counselor-client relationship is constantly dynamic. Rogers' awareness of this helped him to broaden his empathic foundation. But in today's world counselors have to have an even faster ability to adapt not just to who they are but who their clients might be. The crises that therapists face may be involving greater levels of public trauma (such as from natural disasters or even political or terrorist incidents), and thus may require an even greater foundation in the full ecology of a multicultural world. If clients are going to find their perceptions in these settings, counselors must be able to reach to these levels as well. In reaffirming this reality, counselors may find themselves in the position where they have to…. [read more]

Therapeutic Recreation and Physical Disabilities With Some Controversial Issues Thesis

… Therapeutic recreation or TR is a rather new and not fully appreciated intervention, which aims at improving the overall functioning and independence of the sick or disabled. Studies have shown its benefits and values in all ages and social classes. It is available in many communities and institutions. Fund grants for it have, however, been cut short. TR professionals are at times open to tort liabilities. And the government has yet to fully appreciate its worth in the face of mounting demand for it.

Therapeutic Recreation

Recreation therapy, also called therapeutic recreation or TR, is the kind that aims at improving the functioning and independence of the ill or disabled (Asenjo 2005). Recreation therapists' incorporate into patients' conditions and treatment needs particular activities, meant to…. [read more]

Therapeutic Recreation Relies Essay

… An example might be the use of play therapy by a social worker or guidance counselor in a school to help a child, or group of children work through issues or concerns regarding a past event or present social concern in a nonthreatening manner. With regard to the autism spectrum disorders play therapy can be particularly helpful for a range of affected children as a carefully designed and guided set of goals can be established that allow the individual to meet them in a step process that is geared specifically to their particular developmental needs, a step process if you will where autism spectrum children are offered the ability to work on incremental steps that all go into connecting with people, such as learning eye…. [read more]

Person Centered Therapy Was Founded Essay

… This is not to say that the therapist will not offer any solutions, but mostly the therapist reinforces a safe space for the client instead of judging them or attempting to get them to see something a specific way (Rogers, 1957). By doing that, the client is able to work through his or her own problems, which will allow that client to move forward into a healthier situation. Additionally, the client can learn to handle future problems and concerns more easily, which means that he or she may be able to address issues that take place in life at a later date without the need for a therapist to help with those difficulties (Rogers, 1959). Once clients have learned to create that "safe space" on…. [read more]

Theories of Counseling Term Paper

… ¶ … Counseling


Counseling is defined as an interaction between a professional or a trained individual and a patient aimed to help the patient solve his or her problem in psychosocial adjustment (McGraw Hill Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 2002).

Essential Characteristics of a Helping Relationship

These are the task or problem, the helper, the receiver, the environment and the information that transpires between the helper and the receiver (Kolb, 2011). The task is the element or characteristic around which the helping relationship is built. The helper and the receiver come into the situation with their respective motives and self-image. And the information feedback transpires during the healing process (Kolb).

The task can either be assistance or education (Kolb, 2011). Assistance addresses an…. [read more]

Counselor as I Prepare Essay

… ¶ … Counselor

As I prepare to enter my career as a therapist, I have looked at the way that my personality will factor into my role as a counselor. I know that, because of my personality, I will bring considerable strengths to the therapist role. For example, I am open to growth and learning, which I feel will keep me from pigeonholing clients. I am a good listener, which is an essential trait in a therapist. I am able to gain confidence from clients, so that they feel comfortable sharing with me, and also feel comfortable taking my advice. I am sincere when I work with clients, and I think that my sincerity makes me more trustworthy. I am careful to preserve that trust…. [read more]

Counseling and Personal Values Integrating Term Paper

… Transactional Analysis Theory -- This theory was given by Eric Berne. This therapy not only focuses on development of a productive life but also focuses on attaining health and independence.

Other Behavioral Theories -- The behavioral theories were mostly given by B.F. Skinner. These theories basically focus on making the clients emotionally and psychologically strong and rational.

We are familiar with all these theories, but each theory is a subject within itself. Therefore, to understand the practical approach towards this theory it is important to develop a thorough understanding of the theory.

Techniques of Counseling

Although there are different techniques of counseling available, the techniques chosen for further discussion are explained below.

Adlerian Technique

Adlerian technique had been devised from the Adlerian theory given by…. [read more]

John Ethics a Therapist Is Bound Research Paper

… John


A therapist is bound to keep his or her patient's confidentiality unless the patient presents a danger to himself or others. In the case of 'John' an HIV-positive patient who is engaging in unprotected sexual relationships, there is clearly a risk being posed to John's partner. Additionally, in the state of Indiana, there is a legal obligation to reveal John's HIV status: "it is a felony in Indiana for an HIV-positive person to engage in high-risk behavior that deliberately exposes another person to the virus, whether such actions are first discovered by the police or by the health department" or another individual with an obligation to report the patient's behaviors (Indianapolis Star, 2010, the Body). Regarding John's girlfriend, "the health department can file…. [read more]

Personal Theory as a Therapist Term Paper

… ¶ … Personal Theory

As a therapist, my basic approach is to view the person in therapy as taking responsibility for his or her own life and problems. I believe that all human beings have a basis of good, and that it is my job as a therapist to help my patients find this seed of good inside themselves, however small. In order to do this however, I cannot try to force the process by attempting to force my view of human nature into the therapy session. Instead, it is my job to unconditionally accept my clients and their views as a basis for future therapy towards healing.

As such, I need to accept that all my clients come to therapy with a certain past,…. [read more]

Clinical Focused the Humanistic Psychology Essay

… He demonstrated his hypothesis and techniques via lecturing, teaching workshops, audiovisual recordings and live demonstrations. He developed the client-centered approach in between 1940. In the course of development of Rogerian theory, Rogers demonstrated that social learning is paramount in establishment of a good therapeutic environment. Through development of the Rogerian theory, Rogers ascertained that social transmission must be faithful enough, and requires clients to weed out their maladaptive culture through assessing their own conducts (Magnus, Kimmo & Stefano, 2007). His theory is subjective in temperament and requires psychologists to comprehend clients, their worldviews and experiences. The Rogerian theory postulates that an individual realizes his/her final potential when not blocked by environmental aspects as well as personal experiences. The objective of the Rogerian therapy is to…. [read more]

Interview With Substance Abuse Counselor Term Paper

… The nature of addiction is that it is a disease that can ravage the body and mind, and the longer someone is addicted, the harder it is to quit, thus a quick-acting therapy is essentially. Additionally, clients are often under pressures from the legal system because of drug possession or dealing charges, or DWI charges that force them to make a sudden break with the past. And insurance companies frequently pay for only limited mental health counseling sessions. CBT uses the compressed format to the therapy's advantage. Rather than cultivating a dependent relationship of the patient upon the therapist, the therapist encourages the client to meet objective goals, not merely to please the therapist, and stresses the client's independence of negative ways of thinking as…. [read more]

Pastoral Counseling Issues Research Paper

… Using scripture can be a springboard of discussion about the client's specific issue.

Balancing proper sensitivity to diverse populations and a theological perspective

Christian counseling is not incompatible with sensitivity to diversity. Christian counselors can learn from diverse spiritual traditions. Even if Christian teachings are used as the ultimate guide, a counselor can still acknowledge that "spirituality has much to do with the healing of the world's suffering and that incorporation of the sacred traditions of wisdom, equanimity, compassion and loving kindness are the threats that need to be repaired in our community web" of all religions (Nedumaruthumchalil 2009).

Differentiated core values from peripheral values in ethical decision making

The counselor must understand which values have priority. 'Pick your battles.' Rather than fighting for spiritual…. [read more]

Psychodynamic Counselors Facilitate Change? Essay

… With psychodynamics, the approach also believes that the individual's unconscious holds onto painful and vulnerable feelings, which are too intense for the individual to express consciously. These feelings and experiences are trying to reach the consciousness, but what tends to occur instead is repetition of the past rather than deal with the past. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on recognizing defense mechanisms, denial, repression, rationalization, and how these relate to current symptoms and behaviors in the individual. Psychodynamic therapists use many techniques derived from a broad range of psychological schools of thought which include free association as a way to examine internal conflicts and issues, countertransference and transference, catharsis, and working through painful memories and difficult issues focusing on the unconscious aspects of these, and how they…. [read more]

Counseling Terminally Ill Essay

… Likewise, the counselor may provide counsel to a collective support group or individuals such as a spouse or parent attempting to cope with the illness and the expectation of loss of a loved one. As Daneker indicates, the quality of life during this period of time can be very much dictated by the ability of the terminally ill subject to continue to maintain some semblance of a social life. Therefore, Daneker reports, "the dying individual needs social involvement as much as he or she did before the illness (Davies et al., 1995; Parkes et al., 1996). Interventions by a counselor can facilitate the ability of friends and family to enable the dying individual to maintain a social life in the face of physical limitations "…. [read more]

Multiple Therapeutic Models Essay

… The two theories have focused on families leading to the triangulation concept. This originates from the theories suggesting that unit of relationships between members of a family are the tinniest structured systems of relationships. This is because two family members would not undergo pressures to involve a third person in solving their conflicts. Nevertheless, the triangular system of these theories has always been experiencing unrest because one member will always have the feeling of an outsider. These theories are of the assertion that issues of triangulation can be sources of main problems among members of a family. The main purpose of structural family therapy is prevention of sequences from repetition by coveting the hierarchical structures of families. Compared to the structural family therapy, multigenerational theory…. [read more]

Servant Leadership in a Conflicted Church Thesis

Applying Servant Leadership within a Conflicted Church: The Project as an Act of Ministry

My church, the South Iowa Chapel, like many modern churches, is a church in conflict. Conflicted churches are problematic because they drive parishioners away from the church, and, possibly, away from Christ. Conflict in a church can also be a difficult situation to remedy, because of the different personality types and leadership styles of people involved in the church. However, I feel that a significant part of the problem is that people are using traditional leadership styles in church. Jesus Christ was not a traditional leader. On the contrary, He was the epitome of a servant leader, one who leads through service to others. Obviously, He did a wonderful job leading…. [read more]

Nursing Is a Rewarding, but Challenging Research Paper

… ¶ … nursing is a rewarding, but challenging, career choice. The modern nurse's role is not limited only to assist the doctor in procedures, however. Instead, the contemporary nursing professional takes on a partnership role with both the doctor and patient as advocate caregiver, teacher, researcher, counselor, and case manager. The caregiver role includes those activities that assist the client physically, mentally, and emotionally, while still preserving the client's dignity. In order for a nurse to be an effective caregiver, the patient must be treated in a holistic manner. Patient advocacy is another role that the modern nurse assumes when providing quality care. Advocacy is the active support of an important cause, supporting others, or speaking on behalf of those who cannot speak for themselves…. [read more]

Life Situation Can Create Essay

… ¶ … life situation can create a lot of problems in terms of communication.

The natural thing is to want to heal the person so when that doesn't work, people feel stymied and angry. Communication in any such instance is difficult. For the palliative team that consists of different individuals teaming together to provide quality care for the patient this is all the more difficult. This is because the different members of the team - caseworkers, physicians, nurses, relatives, and friends -- have the same objective, to help the patient, but the stress and different ways of achieving that objective may merge into conflict. People who are close to the dying may feel this particularly so, and nurses who acts as intermediary between patient, physician,…. [read more]

Counselor Research Paper

… Excessive consultant disclosure often comes from the counselor's own needs, and in these situations, customers' needs are secondary (Linton & O'Halloran, 2000).

Dealing with patients Who Lack Commitment

The field has some customers who appear to have very little investment in counseling. Many customers are involuntary in that a court order requires them to obtain therapy. In these circumstances, you may be challenged while building a working relationship. However, it is possible to do effective work with clients who are sent to you. Experts who work with involuntary customers must begin by freely talking about the characteristics of the connection. They should not guarantee what they cannot or will not provide. Best practice dictates that the counselor must explain the boundaries of privacy as well…. [read more]

Ethical Practice Involves Working Positively Essay

… The second perspective focuses on the links between international divisions based on learning and information transfer (Handout 1). In addition, such founding principles of the practice of counseling encompass key elements of what it takes practitioners to achieve their professional goals. Practitioners who do not create connections with clients fails to create learning that can only be derived through interaction with different clients. High diversity levels are driven by the benefits of tapping communicative, cultural, and creative skills of different clients. Practitioners engage such skills to enhance their counseling policies, client experiences, and services. Diversity practitioners have cited the benefits of having an open discussion with clients because this profession requires that clients must come out of their areas of comfort and have an experience…. [read more]

Self-Care Strategies Essay

… This self-assessment questionnaire clearly highlights the common-sense qualities of a counselor who is well-equipped to develop the therapeutic self.

In the same vein of developing a therapeutic self but with a Buddhist focus, Nirbhay Singh, a psychiatrist, who is renowned as a wellness researcher and mentor. Singh maintains that effective qualities may be: "nonjudging" by getting past thinking of people as good or bad and achieving a more neutral, observing state; "patience" by setting a steady pace and thinking before acting; "a beginner's mind" in the sense of opening your mind to listening and learning from other people; "trusting" people and distrusting only when there is a valid reason; "acceptance" of people and things as they are; "letting go" by knowing when to withdraw or…. [read more]

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