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Criminal Justice Administration Mainly Focuses Essay

… Despite the existence of these assorted challenges, most judicial institutions have managed to forge cordial relations and cooperation towards realization of justice to all criminals in a state or country (Gaines & Miller 2013).

My decision to choose the manager for the interview came about owing to his vast knowledge in matters of enforcement of criminal justice. Administration of justice to criminals must follow due process of the law (Neubauer 2011). Hence, the manager notwithstanding his experience and expertise in this unit is more candid to provide information without apprehension. Under the administration of criminal justice, only personnel with vast knowledge and experience in matters of law and criminal justice have direct consent or permission to comment and even proceed to give sensitive information (Neubauer…. [read more]

Incorporating Restorative and Community Justice Into American Sentencing and Corrections Article Critique

… Restorative Justice




In criminal justice, new interventions targeting crime control and reduction are constantly being developed and implemented. The recent intervention that is notable is Restorative Justice. This paper will thus critique this particular emerging intervention and focus on answering questions like: What is Restorative Justice? What is Community Justice? Should Restorative and Community Justice Be incorporated into the Criminal Justice System?

In criminal justice, new interventions targeting crime control and reduction are constantly being developed and implemented. The recent intervention that is notable is Restorative Justice. Regardless of the enhanced attention provided recently to the concept of restorative justice, the principle still stays rather bothersome to specify as many feedbacks to criminal habits could fall under the supposed corrective umbrella. The…. [read more]

Evolution of Criminal Justice Policy Essay

… Similar to the policing or law enforcement segment, the reform era has largely influenced the courts system. This era has contributed to the remarkable movement of the court system into the law enforcement arena. The courts now serve as an avenue with which law enforcement agencies appeal to when policing the community. As a result, it has had a huge impact on law enforcement including the use of the rule of law in policing.


Corrections in the criminal justice system were primarily based on the basic theory of common law that incorporated a set of regulations to assist in solving societal problems. Over the last 50 years, this segment has developed to focus on rehabilitating criminals through education and skilled labor instead of just…. [read more]

Agency Administration Thesis

… Criminal Justice Agency Administration

Drug Enforcement Administration (dea)

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is a United States Department of Justice law enforcement agency whose task is to suppress the sale of recreational drugs by enforcement of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970 and is an agency that shares concurrent jurisdiction with the FBI in matters of enforcing narcotics control. The headquarters of the DEA are located in Arlington, Virginia. Headquarters are responsible for the development of the "strategic objectives, management policies and operational protocol for the agency." (U.S. Department of Justice, 2007)

This study will be conducted through a qualitative review of extension literature relating to the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) and will be interpretive in nature.


The Drug Administration Agency was…. [read more]

Sweden's Current Justice System Term Paper

… Sweden's Current Justice System

Overview of the Country: Sweden


Sweden is located in Northern Europe it borders the Baltic Sea the Gulfs of Bothnia, Kattegat, and Skagerrak and lays between Finland and Norway in a strategic location along the Danish Straits linking the Baltic and north Seas. ("Sweden," 2008, NP)


The geographic composition of Sweden includes 3,218 km of coastline and land that is mostly flat or with gently rolling lowlands, and a small portion of mountains in the west. The climate is mostly temperate in the south with cold, cloudy winters and cool partly cloudy summers and is sub-arctic in the north. Sweden also has a very limited area of arable land, 5.93% with only 0.1% dedicated to permanent crops, 1,150 square…. [read more]

Racism in the Criminal Justice System Research Paper

… Racism, a term which is defined as the infliction of an obviously unequal consideration which is motivated by the strong desire to dominate on the basis of race alone is noted by several scholars to be rife in the criminal justice system. In this paper we explore this issue with focus on a supervisory issue impacting the criminal justice system with regards to racism. Make sure you include ethical issues found within the criminal justice system.

Elements of racism in the judicial system

The persisting element of racism in the American social system has raised several issues in regard to racial injustice that is being witnessed within the nation's judicial system (Tonry, 1995; Hacker,1992). There is a major source of inquiry within the context of…. [read more]

Supervision in the Criminal Justice Research Paper

… The other challenge involves offender punishment.The issue of what form of punishment be given to criminal offenders is paramount. Different groups of people and especially the human rights activists differ with the kind of punishment given saying that some are inhumane. Another main challenge faced by the criminal justice organizations is the provision of services to demeanor offenders. There has been raising concern on how the criminal justice combats crime. For instance, it is always said that the police take a lot of time to respond when alerted in times of crime. This is mainly fueled by deficiency of tools and machinery that facilitate war against crime, for example, inadequate police vehicles and lack of good communication systems in the force (Raine, 1993)

The other…. [read more]

History U.S. Criminal Justice Systems/Police Term Paper

… Peel's police wore uniforms and patrolled beats." (Schmalleger Chapter 5 Summary)]

1845 America's first unified, prevention-oriented police force, patterned after the London Metropolitan Police, is established in New York City.

Vila and Morris xxxi)

It was at this point that the nation began to demonstrate expansions of professionalism as the New York City police force took the first substantial step toward the recognition of the police force at least nominally and visually separate from the public.

1853 The New York City police become the first police officers in America to wear uniforms.

(Vila and Morris xxxi) it is between 1850 and 1900 that police agencies further develop themselves into the recognizable institutions of the modern policing industry, modeled again after reformation in England, but again…. [read more]

New York State Department Capstone Project

… Good behavior was not the end result of his efforts and criminals kept committing crimes once they were released. The obstacle became providing adequate supervision and consequences once criminals were released.

By 1913, the re-offense rate increased and it became apparent, supervision of released offenders as well as inmates residing in correctional facilities had to be implemented. Actions were granted for officials to keep offenders from reoffending, but resources were unable to keep up with the demand. As will be discussed in the upcoming literature review, mental illness appears to correlate with increased criminal activity. During the Great Depression of the United States, there was a sharp increase in prison populations.

The increase was due in part to the lack of jobs and desperate conditions…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

Bootcamp Programs Term Paper

… Criminal Justice

Bootcamp Programs

For the past two decades significant money and time have been put toward the implementation of prison boot camp programs, sometimes called shock incarceration. Often costing more money per inmate per day, shock incarceration programs hope to save money in the long run by reducing recidivism and prison overcrowding. Mixed reviews in the media have called attention to flaws in these programs, both in their inception and inability to meet their own goals (Burton & Marquart, 1993). However, some programs do seem to work. This study intends to review the available research and data to establish whether prison boot camps are more successful than general incarceration for young adults.

The idea of shock incarceration is to "shock" young, usually first time,…. [read more]

Court Management Policy Proposal Essay

… In addition, when the courts divert some of the juvenile offenders to VOM program, there is a reduction in the case backlogs, whereby successful mediation will reduce delays and the court's workload (Sheinin, 2010). This means that another goal associated with VOM policy is reduction of backlog cases or pending minor juvenile offenses.

The VOM program comes with significant benefits to society. The program reduces the adverse effects of incarceration, in cases where parents who are breadwinners may end up in jail. The experience of the program increases the appreciation of justice in society. Additionally, the program has the capacity to reduce the effects of criminal activities on the society by offering the offender and victim an opportunity to forgive each other. The program offers…. [read more]

Liability Issue in School Essay

… Liability Issue in School

According to U.S. Department of Education, safety at school is a fundamental element in a good performance of students in a school. The reasons why safety at school is a legitimate issue is because, firstly it allows students to focus entirely on their academic achievements. Secondly it fosters positive relationships between the students and the school personnel which improves the staff morale. Thirdly, safety at school provides a conducive environment for learning which in turn leads to improved academics. Fourthly, it ensures reduced disciplinary cases, detentions and suspensions. All these benefits extend to the entire community in the district by bringing up children who are well behaved and with academic excellence. Further to this, the entire district becomes secure for all…. [read more]

Policing - Criminal Profiling: Legitimate Research Proposal

… Policing - Criminal Profiling


Due process of law is one of the most fundamental concepts in American constitutional law. The right of citizens to live free from the threat of arbitrary or partial enforcement of law by government authorities was foremost on the minds of the Founding Fathers (Dershowitz 2002), inspired by the Colonial experience under British rule preceding the War of Independence. It is expressed in the Fifth Amendment to the Constitution with respect to the federal government and, since 1914, has been applied to the states through the Equal Protection Clause of Fourteenth Amendment (Friedman 2005).

Equal protection prohibits differential treatment under the law, which applies, in principle, to being subjected to police investigation and detention…. [read more]

Police Administration Term Paper

… Law Enforcement & Police Administration

Explain what is meant by community policing. What strategies are involved? Identify examples of community policing.

Community policing refers, generally, to a philosophy of policing that emphasizes developing closer connection to the community, crime prevention rather than criminal apprehension, and a decentralized organizational and administrative functions.

The primary strategies involved are rapport-building programs that promote good community relations, foot-patrol that includes relationship-building community interaction, and crime deterrence over RMP sector patrol, criminal apprehension and building cases for prosecution.

Examples of community policing include:

community-based relationship-building activities such as presentations by police officers at career fairs and youth tours of police facilities;

officers on foot patrol de-emphasizing motorized sector patrol and locating crimes in progress; cultivation of rapport with local merchants;…. [read more]

Victims Program Grant Application Term Paper

… Victim Service Enhancement Program for Rural Crime Victims

Victim Services Enhancement Program for Rural Crime Victims:

The State Board Fund offers support and advocacy services to crime victims in order to develop and enhance current programs that serve victims of crime. Generally, the State Board of Victim Services provides specific priorities and initiatives that can be funded in light of offering necessary services to victims of crime. In addition to the identified priorities and initiatives, the State Board also accepts applications that are geared towards providing new services or extra help for crime victims and witnesses. The State Board also considers applications that seek to provide services that seek to directly support a specific population of victims of crime.

Project Summary:

The main goal of…. [read more]

Prison Overcrowding Is Indeed Ghost Writing

… Mechanisms for early release can help reduce overcrowding in prisons and also facilitate integration and social rehabilitation. Policies and legislations should be put in place to provide for possibilities of early release and parole and the conditions for the former. Early release should be structured in such a manner as to make it a part of the normal process of enforcement of the sentence. Prisoners who wish to apply for parole may be encouraged to do so by the necessary authorities.

There is available empirical data indicating that crowded prisons are stressful and create conditions contrary to any aim at rehabilitation. This has increased efforts of finding ways of reducing the overcrowding. A lot of effort has been directed towards making changes to the design…. [read more]

Strategic Analysis NYC Parole Department Capstone Project

… According to Singh (2010) the discretionary powers of the parole board and judiciary should be brought in line with a framework to minimize the threats of misuse. The systems should be transparent and provide adequate support for willing prisoners. The technical requirements of the parole system should be simplified in order to achieve maximum results. The prisoners should be communicated regarding the benefits of system and required obligations. A strategic approach to create a disciplinary motive can be incorporated through the approach to grant parole release. At the same time it is also required that technical violations of the system should be treated through training and awareness of technical obligations rather than sending back to prison. The purpose of technical obligations should be aligned with…. [read more]

Proper Management of Prisons in Developing Countries With the Help of International Organizations Essay

… In Brazil, resource scarcity within various justice system levels amounts to prison overcrowding. For instance, while Brazilian prisons cannot accommodate as many prisoners as those in developed parts of the globe, shortages of judges and police are credited for surging prison populations. The personnel shortages translate into an increase of remand prisoners and pre-trial detainees who are mostly the vast majority of prison populations (Friedman & Parenti, 2013).

While it is not excusable for such inhumane conditions that Brazil prisoners live in, such circumstances need to be placed within the contexts of extensive deprivation across the continent. The fact that poverty is a likened norm for many Brazil, it is clear that the poor living conditions are reflected in life behind prison bars. International organizations…. [read more]

Criminal Justice - Intelligence Does the Projected Term Paper

… Criminal Justice - Intelligence

Does the projected space warfare/ballistic missile threat to the U.S. homeland justify a National Missile Defense, a Global Collective Strategic Defense, or some other solution?

The issue of protecting the United States cannot simply be accomplished by a single pronged effort because of the complex nature of the threats that face the nation. From the growing threat posed by the Chinese Communists to the infiltration by terrorist groups, the issue of national defense must take into consideration both massive threats from powerful nation states to virtually unpreventable attacks launched by groups whose only allegiance is to a religion or a movement. Therefore, to understand the methodology that should be employed to protect the U.S. from the space warfare, ballistic missile threats…. [read more]

Crime Data Attorney Essay

… Some of these people actually took it as a chance to just start right over and others actually ran back to New Orleans once they felt they could. In 2010 the ones that stayed in Birmingham chose not to change their ways and they made the choice to continue to commit some of the crime that was going on in the city (Neighborhood Scout, 2013).

This is the motive for the reduction in property crime and individuals are realizing that it is better things to do then just sitting around stealing from other people. However, in 2005 the City of Corpus, Texas was recorded to have a very high rate in Larceny / Theft (Crime Data, 2012). Research does show that Corpus Christi has ongoing…. [read more]

Minorities in Policing: Facing the Challenges Historical Term Paper

… Minorities in Policing: Facing the Challenges

Historical Use of Minorities in the Police Force

The history of the police force is interesting and varied.

The paradigms associated with the force, as well as factors of social development and diversity, has made this a particularly difficult field in which minority groups such as women, African-Americans and Hispanics can find and maintain careers.

The first female police officer to be appointed in the United States was Alice Stebbing Wells (Trostle 93). She was appointed in 1910, and served at the Los Angeles Police Department. With her began the paradigm of assigning certain traditional roles to female police officers. She was for example working with juveniles, female offenders and female victims. This began a legacy of exclusion for…. [read more]

Organizational Behavior in Law Enforcement Term Paper

… Law Enforcement

Organizational Behavior


Organizational behavior within professional law enforcement in the United States differs substantially from the private sector. In many respects, law enforcement organizational culture is completely unique to policing. On the other hand, even the most diverse law enforcement organizations throughout the country share virtually identical organizational culture, despite significant differences in their relative size, geographic location, and the types of police work most often encountered, or the policing style necessitated by their specific communities and law enforcement assignments. Elements of law enforcement training and this shared organizational culture frequently accounts for a certain degree of alienation on the part of police and many civilian members of the very communities they exist to serve, including, often, their…. [read more]

Mcgregor's Theory X And Y Essay

… Theory X and Theory Y in Criminal Justice Administration:

McGregor's Theory X and Y are applicable to modern employees since there are certain situations that require the use of either models of management. The applicability of these theories on current day workers is evident in the fact that none is preferable over the other. Actually, while McGregor was advocating for Theory Y, there are several studies that have indicated the existence of successful managers who use Theory X model.

For criminal justice organizations, the understanding of the similarities and differences between Theory X and Theory Y demonstrates that these concepts are effective in different management models. Criminal justice organizations should not prefer using either of these theories over the other because of the different perspectives…. [read more]

Homeland Security and Criminal Justice Discussion Chapter

… Thorough preparation and planning is also necessary. This is so because the responders, including rescuers, medical personnel and security forces may become instant targets for the terrorist. It is essentially vital to ascertain that the security of all the stakeholders involved. In order to achieve these objectives, and after careful review of previous mistakes by responders to incidents, this structure was established to focusing on two major categories. The first category focuses on rescuing of victims immediately after the incident, taking care of personnel needs such as shifts, protective gear and equipment. Furthermore, organization of the operation to ensure proper communication and inter-agency cohesion is emphasized. Moreover, this category deals with the issue of public relations to ensure the general public is fully informed about…. [read more]

Police Management: Throughout History Research Paper

… The challenge associated with the difficulty in investigating these crimes is that they can be perpetrated in a jurisdiction that is outside where the crime occurs. In addition to this, there are challenges associated with investigating these offenses since criminal organizations are becoming more sophisticated and increasingly knowledgeable in their use of new technologies.

Resources for Fighting Crime Effectively:

The other challenge for law enforcement managers because of globalization is that these managers are finding it difficult to provide police officers with the necessary resources for fighting crime effectively (Viau, n.d.). This is major challenges particularly with regards to the increase in organized crime that continues to threaten the democratic institutions in the country and the economy. The fight against organized crime is a huge…. [read more]

Crime Prevention and Control Term Paper

… Crime Prevention and Control - U.S. Justice System and Proactive Policing

The prevention and control of crime have hounded American society despite the expanse of its economic and political power in the world. Stanford Professor Friedman traces the failure of the efforts of the U.S. criminal justice system in curbing or preventing crime to the Americans' well-entrenched cultural taboos of their Manifest Destiny as a superior people and their demand for individual freedom and rights. From these taboos grew out prison buildings, the police, the courts, more severe court sentences and the celebrity culture. With the persistently increasing crime rates, preventive measures, like preventive detention, were tried. But preventive detention did not work. President Johnson believed that the root causes of crime were racism, poverty…. [read more]

Corcoran State Prison Essay

… They are given computer skills training, carpentry, masonry in a bid to enable them change their future and the future of their families. It also enables them to take control of their lives within the prison and not to engage in other diversionary crimes and misdemeanors within the prison walls that may see them end up in SHU or even getting fresh sentences that may prolong their prison sentences. These practical skills are also important in keeping the inmates serving long sentences busy and not give them room to fall into depression and predispose themselves to suicidal tendencies.

There is yet the other aspect observed within this prison during the event and that has to do with the frequent changes of the staff working within…. [read more]

Improve Treatments of Women Offenders When Sentenced Term Paper

… Treatment of Women Offenders: The Problem

The issue of the treatment of Women offenders when they are sentenced requires knowledge not only of the process which incarceration necessitates but also an in-depth understanding and knowledge of other related factors. These may include psychological and emotional aspects as well as physical and social issues. These issues constitute a complex problem area that has been discussed to varying degrees in numerous studies and reports.

There are many suggestions and ideas as to improving the conditions and situation of women entering correctional facilities. However, this paper will attempt to elucidate and detail the extent of the problematic areas which affect women offenders entering prison. The paper will also ascertain from literature the central focal areas where problems exist…. [read more]

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