Viewing papers 1-30 of 1,000+ for criminal AND justice AND and AND american AND culture.

NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.
123. . .Last ›
X Filters 

Criminal Justice Leadership Strategies Essay

… In short, it is observed that that the role of maintaining strong community relations in criminal justice is lead through leadership and training of subordinates to provide effective service. Any single point of contact between community including traffic, rescue services, and community policing provides an opportunity for improvement in the system (Hess et al., 2014).


The role of criminal justice organizations in relation to leadership, strategy, and formulation of the normal practices adopted during functioning is elaborated in the sections above. The specific examples for organizational behavior, behavioral theories, planning, and community relations is also discussed in the above sections. It is observed that the leadership of criminal justice organizations also requires formulation of a strategy for achievement of their objectives. The working can…. [read more]

Justice Term Paper

… 1). In recent years England and Wales have actually improved the plight of sexual violence victims through a number of reforms, includes "the introduction of special measures to assist victims to give evidence in court, improved practices and protocols for working with survivors and an expansion of services to support victims" (Gunby, Carline, Bellis, & Beynon 2012, p. 2). In particular, the 2003 Sexual Offences Act was meant to serve as a kind of substantive update to England and Wales' laws regarding the investigation and prosecution of sexual offenses, and it came in the face of evidence that the justice system was severely lacking both in terms of its own internal investigations into sexual crime and the conviction rate for offenders (Goldson 2006, p. 64).…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Theory Discussion Chapter

… Criminal Justice Policies

Criminal Justice and Policies

M2D1: Applying Due Process and Crime Control

Habert Packer was the core founder of due process model and crime control model that aimed at reducing the alarming rate of crime in America. Crime control model emphasizes more on human freedom and calls for the suppression of crime. The model puts human interest first and encourages efficiency, finality and speed to apprehend any criminal with less effort on human rights. On the other hand, due process model encourages freedom but insists more on reliable data and evidence to support a criminal act for the release of the individual. Unlike the model of crime control, it emphasizes on human rights whenever the person has committed crime (Cole, 2012).

Patriot Act…. [read more]

American Revolution Describe the Social and Political Term Paper

… American Revolution

Describe the social and political climate in England; how was it different in the colonies. Although English culture was not as admired as French culture within the European community - indeed the English seemed "...only a cut above barbarians" (Middlekauff p. 10) - they had merchant ships worldwide and won wars with great regularity. The English were politically supportive of their King in the respect of foreign policies and military might, and Middlekauff asserts that on the domestic front, the English people concerned themselves with liberty and parliamentary government.

No nation in 1760 could match England" when it came to expansion, to concentrating power and energy to tasks at hand (Middlekauff p. 11). Moreover, when it came to English society, there was a…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Term Paper

… There are some teenagers in our system that have no problems committing serious crimes at aged 14 or 15 because they know they will only be incarcerated until they are 18 at most (the laws vary according to state). A number of young people, as shown in the statistics mentioned above, have genuine problems at home, and have probably not received what could be considered adequate parenting. Would it be better to help this children learn the difference from right and wrong, or better still, respect for others and themselves, instead of imprisoning them?

The examples given in this paper show there have been and still are some glaring injustices within our American Justice system. It would appear that the situation has little changed from…. [read more]

Criminal Justice African-Americans and American Prisons Term Paper

… Criminal Justice

African-Americans and American Prisons

In a time of great economic and social change, one American industry is booming: the prison-industrial complex. These prisons represent an ever-expanding apparatus of social control (Ward, 2004), one that, according to Julia Sudbury, is focused specifically on regulating, and further marginalizing the underprivileged masses in today's neo-liberal regimes (Ward, 2004).

Recent decades' "get tough on crime" policies, such as mandatory minimum sentences, "three strikes" laws, and so forth, have witnessed historically unparalleled rates of incarceration in the United States. As of the end of 2002, states Dorothy E. Roberts, the number of Americans currently imprisoned was more than two million individuals, a rate greater than that of all other nations, and five times as high as America's own…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Reaction Paper

… (Hazen, 2009)

Similarly, the Conflict in Criminal Justice emphasizes to make justice. It emphasizes over the social and economic forces which are present in a society. It is also known as System Conflict theory. This relates with the wages, promotion and success and invites the conflict with criminal justice system. A good example of conflict is prison and police officers; where police tries to put the criminal in jail while prison officials want to release prisoners due to lack or overcrowded facilities. (Skolnock, 2004)

The film CRASH is a combination of ethics, diversity and conflict in criminal justice. It is a story which have multiple characters each having a connection with criminal justice. A police detective who has a drug addict mother and a dishonest…. [read more]

Criminal Justice and Criminology the Chicago Alternative Research Proposal

… ¶ … Criminal Justice and Criminology

The Chicago alternative policing strategy came into effect in the year 1993. The strategy initially took place in five police district then moved to include the entire city. The need of this strategy was to revise the way police departments conducted their operation in the entire city. It is a long-term strategy where now police officers do have long-term duties in each of the 279 police units. The entire police squads in the city have training on problem solving techniques based on the steps formulated by CAPS. There are steps that any police officer needs to adhere to based on the strategy the processes are focusing on the victims, focus on the location of crime, attention given on offenders…. [read more]

Criminal Justice and American Culture Term Paper

… However, not all the statistics point to a disparity in every area of criminal justice toward minorities. As indicated, blacks tend to spend less time on parole than whites do, and whites do outdistance blacks in some areas of crime, like sexual and other kinds of violent assaults and batteries. In addition, there may be a problem with the way the United States collects and categorizes its criminal statistics. Author Lauritsen continues, "In the U.S., data on an arrestee's race do not allow for distinctions based on country of origin or recency of arrival" (Lauritsen, 2004). Thus, many "white" immigrants from nations such as Russia or the Middle East, or "black" immigrants from the Caribbean or India are included in the data with long time…. [read more]

Free How the Criminal Justice Essay

… Citizens distrust those who are "watching" them and those who are "watching" distrust the ones they are meant to "serve and protect." But, of course, that "serve and protect" mentality has long been displaced. The rapper Dead Prez, in the lyrics of the song "Behind Enemy Lines" says, "Behind enemy lines, my niggas is cellmates / Most of the youth never escape the jail fate." This is because in the unjust system we call criminal justice, every minority is "expected" to break the Law at some point -- and the police are simply waiting and watching (and randomly pulling him over just to check).

Finally, I completely agree with Butler about hip-hop theory justice, that prison is considered a center for the uneducated and unemployed:…. [read more]

Criminological and Criminal Justice Research Comparative Article Review

… ¶ … Criminological and Criminal Justice Research

Comparative research

Comparative research is a technique in the social sciences that seeks to draw comparisons across different cultures or countries.

What led to its use in criminology?

The comparative methodology is not new to research studies in the social science field. In 1889, E.B. Taylor recognized the profits of comparative research in his presentation to the Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain. Nonetheless, with a couple of prominent special cases, his call for comparative studies went unheeded by non-anthropological analysts until the mid-1950s (Bennett, 2009). At that point, scientists in psychology, political science and sociology started utilizing comparative approaches to develop and test theories in their disciplines. Not until the late 1970s and early 1980s did criminologists,…. [read more]

Is Criminal Behavior Due to Nature and Genetics or Is it Nurtured Through the Environment? Term Paper

… Criminal Behaviour

Chapter I Introduction

Review of Researched Considerations

Chapter III Conclusion


Very simply, the law treats man's conduct as autonomous and willed, not because it is, but because it is desirable to proceed as if it were."

Not So Simple

Has the jury reached a verdict?"

Yes and no, your Honor. Although we, the jury, acknowledge the defendant did commit the crime and deserves a 'guilty' verdict, we find the defendant 'not guilty', as we do not feel he should not be held accountable for his criminal behavior. Due to evidence presented regarding his genetic make-up, along with evidence revealing the defendant experienced a horrendous environment while growing up, we are convinced his actions were beyond his ability to control them.…. [read more]

Justice Without Trial Term Paper

… Skolnick's book still contains features of great interest for the study of criminal justice. For instance, in his text, Skolnick focuses on what he calls the "working personality" of the policeman. In his text, Skolnick defines three elements of the policeman's personality: danger, authority, and efficiency. Like a soldier in a city under siege, the policeman in training is encouraged to believe he and the community he identifies with (white, usually, in Skolnick's day, and often of an ethnic, working class ethos) are in a constant state of danger and duress. As a result of this heightened state of danger and fear, police officers are encouraged to believe that absolute obedience to authority is always salutary, and that an efficient administration of the law and…. [read more]

Identifying Problems in the Criminal Justice System Thesis

… Criminal Justice - Systematic Problem


The Problem of Capital Punishment in the United States:

Capital punishment has been a feature of human social justice since before recorded history. Generally, civilized societies reserve the ultimate form of punishment for the most serious crimes, such as the murder of another, but that is not always the case.

The Guillotine played a highly publicized role throughout the 18th century in France, and hanging by the neck was frequently imposed in the U.S. well into the 20th century.

In several Middle Eastern countries, capital punishment is still imposed for such "crimes" as homosexuality; in others, including some of the wealthiest, modern, and so- called "moderate" Islamic nations, the death penalty is not formally sanctioned…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Take Home Exam Term Paper

… Certain theories may be more appropriate to discussing and curtailing certain crimes -- for instance, the developmental theory of subcultures seems uniquely appropriate to the drug culture, where by uprooting the organizational structures that financially reward drugs, drug networks can be circumvented. Developmental theories of drug control also stress that while the control of sellers and users through the criminal justice system is necessary, rehabilitating and social procedures must be implemented so addicts receive treatment and the social, contributing causes to drug abuse such as poverty and hopelessness are eliminated or curtailed.

Question 5: Barriers to effective policing have long occurred because of abuses of police authority and corruption within the department that is not adequately supervised by internal affair reviews. But beyond a crisis…. [read more]

Ethics in Criminal Justice Maintaining a High Term Paper

… Ethics in Criminal Justice

Maintaining a high degree of ethical behavior within the criminal justice system is essential in promoting trust within the community. Police misconduct such as raping detainees does irreparable harm to that trust. In order to eliminate instances of police misconduct, it is imperative to institute strict procedures to address the issue. Only by addressing the issue will the protection of civilians be assured and trust be maintained.

There is perhaps nothing more damaging to the standing of the police within a community than when an atmosphere of mistrust arises due to police misconduct. When this mistrust arises as a result of an officer committing a crime against a citizen while on duty, it is even worse, particularly when that crime is…. [read more]

Terrorism the American Heritage Online Essay

… This helps policemen in making proper choices related to all elements of their tasks while in the line of duty. It helps them keep a favorable mindset and composing a skill-set wherein all are presumed innocent until proven guilty in a law court. Also it helps bearing in mind that the security of the local and self are of utmost significance of this profession at all times.


American Heritage Online Dictionary (2009), Retrieved May 11, 2013 from:

Dantzker, Mark L. (2005, Jul 25). Understanding today's Police. Criminal Justice Press.

Gentile, John. Free Donuts and More: A Commentary on Police Misconduct and Corruption. Problems, Issues and Challenges in Law Enforcement. Retrieved May 11, 2013 from:

Hasisi, Badi. (2008, Spring). Police, politics, and culture…. [read more]

Psychology and the Criminal Term Paper

… White shoplifting is not generally seen as a violent crime, it is still included in the blue collar crime arena -- possibly because it generally does not involve enough monetary value to fall into the category of white collar crime. The blue collar crimes that are committed are more often committed by those that are less educated, and usually not by those that hold down white collar jobs. It is possible for someone with a white collar job to commit blue collar crime, however, since what that individual does outside of work does not always coincide with what others think of that individual during the workday. For example, the BTK killer that was recently captured seemed to have a good job and be a respected…. [read more]

Criminal Justice/Forensics Undercover Thesis

… Criminal Justice/Forensics

Undercover" is a term that has made its way into the public vernacular, thanks in large part to movies and television programs. Undercover, at its fundamental level, means pretending to be someone else- the construction and portrayal of a false identity for an ulterior purpose. In the case of undercover police investigations, this ulterior purpose is to enforce the law. This is done by using a false identity to infiltrate a criminal group in order to gather evidence and build a case. This can be a long-term project- some cases have had an undercover operative on assignments that lasted for years. The purpose of this research paper is to show that undercover police officers are more likely to commit criminal acts than police…. [read more]

Comparative Study of Justice Thesis

… ¶ … Justice

"Each country has different views on parenting, and we are studying how to resolve the issue"

Foreign Minister Katsuya Okada (Okada, as cited inYamaguchi, 2009).

"Japan to keep TN man in custody longer for snatching own children," the October 10, 2009 headline of an article published in the Tennessean, written by Mari Yamaguchi, Associated Press writer, sets the stage for this comparative study of justice paper. After attempting to bring his two children back home to the United States where he, not his ex-wife, Noriko, has legal primary custody, Christopher Savoie, of Franklin, Tennessee, was incarcerated in Yanagawa, located in the southwestern part of Fukuoka, Japan. In this comparative study of justice paper, the researcher evaluates and discusses components of this child…. [read more]

Overcrowding in Prisons: Impacts Research Paper

… And conversely, when those African-American men are released from overcrowded prisons (in certain cases some inmates are released prior to the time they were sentenced for because they were not convicted of violent crimes and judges have ordered prisons to reduce crammed facilities), the "vast majority will return to the same communities" (smith, 388). This in turn puts "additional strain on already scarce resources" in the communities they came from and want to return to.

In other words, the PIC has a recent legacy of overcrowding, and in the process the PIC "exploits African-American men by extracting their labor" below fair market wages, and then by returning them to their communities where socioeconomic resources are already depleted (Smith, 389). On page 389 the authors use…. [read more]

Criminal Justice - Profiling Criminal Research Proposal

… Criminal Justice - Profiling


Background and History of Criminal Profiling:

Criminal profiling is based on the notion that criminality is a form of behavior that can be predicted based on knowledge of the perpetrator's personality and personal characteristics. Its first use was pioneered by the U.S. Office of Strategic Services during World War II in connection with the efforts of William Langer, a government psychiatrist, tasked with the objective of predicting Adolf Hitler's actions in advance, based on his psychological profile (Schmalleger, 2007).

During the last two decades of the 20th century, the Federal Bureau of Investigations (FBI) made extensive use of criminal psychological profiling in identifying perpetrators of specific crimes, such as arson, violent sex offenses, and serial criminals, precisely because those…. [read more]

What Justice Term Paper

… ¶ … Justice mean to me?

What exactly does Justice mean, and how does it apply to a criminal justice professional? Justice as such refers to a sense of fairness and impartiality, an evenhandedness, righteousness, and also objectivity and independence in making up one's opinions. Justice is the concept which must predominate when laws are being made, and for a layman, justice would mean that he would be safe and secure in the knowledge that he would be protected adequately by the law, and by the sense of justice that law must uphold, no matter what. If, for example, an incident occurs when someone does someone else bodily harm, then it is just and fair that the person should be stopped, and made to pay…. [read more]

Criminal Behavior I Believe That the Sociological Discussion Chapter

… Criminal Behavior

I believe that the sociological approach to crime best helps one understand and explain the causes of crime and criminal behavior. The first reason that I believe this is that sociological explanations help determine what is labeled criminal behavior. Examining Scheider's list of the six ways of grouping criminological theories, it becomes apparent that sociology plays an important role in several of those groups, including: normative violations because the surrounding culture determines what behavior is normal and abnormal; cultural deviance because in order to deviate from a culture, there have to be established cultural norms, which can be explained by sociology; criminalization because it defines deviance from a sociological perspective; and broader human behavior (2002). In fact, only sociological perspectives can explain what…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Theory and Policy Discussion Chapter

… Police Culture and Individual Characteristics

Police Reaction towards Amadou Diallo Case

The police, while in their working patrols, ought to provide their life security, alongside that of the public. According to Jerome Skolnick, a policeman's personality is enhanced by the element of danger. The officer in charge is always on the lookout for criminal offenders and this develops into being suspicious. Suspects are stereotyped by policemen using this virtue, and hence the latter's efforts in developing fewer interests with potential lawbreakers in law enforcement agencies and the public. The culture bestowed upon the police department in the U.S. allows the police to develop duty calls that work in favor of their protection, but still under their work obligation.

In case of Amadou's case, the police…. [read more]

Forensic Research: The Psychology of the Criminal Research Paper

… Forensic Research: The Psychology of the Criminal Mind

What makes criminals different from "normal" people who do not commit crimes? There is no evidence that the average person never thinks about committing a crime, so it is not the thoughts that cross a person's mind that make the difference between whether he or she will commit a crime or not. However, what the person does with the thought that he or she has acknowledged can be very different. Some people simply ignore the thought, others consider it and then decide that there is too much risk involved. Still other people determine that they can likely get away with the crime, or they decide that they are willing to take the risk, even if they know…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Essay

… Criminal justice.

What are the elements of the crime of burglary?

The elements of the crime of burglary, according to common law, are the illicit breaking into and entering the dwelling of another in order to commit some sort of felony on the premises. Usually that felony will be theft, but the common-law elements have been made less restrictive by modifications in most jurisdictions and have included other offenses that fall under the ambit of burglary (Burglary: elements of the offense:

How does the Nevada Revised Statutes differ?

The Nevada Revised Statutes 205.06 extends description of the victim's dwelling to any "house, room, apartment, tenement, shop, warehouse, store, mill, barn, stable, outhouse or other building, tent, vessel, vehicle, vehicle trailer, semitrailer or house trailer,…. [read more]

Gender and Culture in Criminal Research Paper

… So-called men's rights groups may offer more opportunity in redressing this imbalance in our criminal justice system, and that men be sentenced to death and executed in the same proportion as women. It would also be interesting to interview a representative of a men's rights association regarding this topic. Although not reluctant to call for equal rights for men in a wide variety of areas, so far it has not demanded these in death penalty cases, nor has American society as a whole. It is more likely that men's rights advocates would regard it as suicidal to add this cause to their agenda. Analyzing and contrasting how two different organizations -- both intent on achieving equal rights for men and women -- would respond to…. [read more]

Role and Evolution Research Paper

… Factors that led to Development of the American Prison System

The modern prison system in America is a product of the 18th Century enlightenment. This instigated reference works on prison systems and prisons to provide brief shrift to the build up of places of confinement and prisons before the 1700s (Craig, 1998). While early prisons were hardly ever built expressly for the imprisonment purpose, most cultures resorted to makeshift dungeons or cages to confine prisoners in the accessible structures. Given that incarceration is widely applicable as a punishment in the contemporary world, imprisonment played a minor role in the punishment regimes in most nations before 19th Century.

The present American prison system developed as an option to whipping. The system used penitentiaries to prevent prisoners…. [read more]

Do African-American Women Receive Harsher Sentencing in the Criminal Justice System for Crimes? Thesis

… Racial Bias in Sentencing

Do African-American Women Receive Harsher Sentencing in the Criminal Justice System for Crimes than Caucasian Women?

A ic/Research Question

The proposed research will explore racial bias in the criminal justice system. It will explore consist of a paired analysis of sentencing practices between Caucasian women and African-American women for similar crimes. It will explore the research question: do African-American women receive harsher sentencing in the criminal justice system for crimes than Caucasian women?

The United States prides itself on the maintenance of a fair and equitable justice system. Formal laws and policies are in place to make certain that one group or another does not receive partial treatment due to factors such as sex, race, gender, or religion. The justice system…. [read more]

123. . .Last ›
NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.