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Justice Information Systems Integration Term Paper

… Legal Justice Information Systems Integration in Law Enforcement

This report aims to present insights into the decision making process for justice information systems integration. Technological advances continue to become available which create opportunities for each locality and state to develop a governance process that will serve as a viable solution for its own jurisdiction while at the same time meshing with immediate and distant neighbors.



Justice Information Systems Integration

In today's highly technologically advanced digital era, legal and governmental integration has become a reality. "During the Investigation process, at the Incident event, if law enforcement determines that a crime was committed, and if law enforcement collects latent fingerprints, the Law Enforcement sends the Latent Fingerprint Card to the State Repository for the Biometric…. [read more]

Prison GED Programs Hypothesis Testing Research Proposal

… Secondly, the GED is not as effective as expected due to the course outline of the subjects. The GED only provides the inmates with a certificate equivalent of the high school certificate (Kaprov & Kaprov, 2009). This means that for the person to obtain gainful employment, they have to further their education. This is an enormous challenge as most of the convicted persons in the first place went into crime due to the inability to access education facilities. Therefore, this means that when released, the person goes to the same poverty-stricken home, and does not have means to further their studies. Thus, the program does not achieve the objective of reducing recidivism (Sullivan, 2009). Lastly, the GED program service cannot produce equipped persons due to…. [read more]

Justice, Crime and Ethics Prepping Research Paper

… Many prisons in the United States have adopted this Panopticon model and have begun functioning under the fact that all humans, even prisoners, have the right to be treated with human dignity. Using the model set forth by Bentham, criminal justice and psychological experts have seen that the condition of a prison certainly adds to a prisoner's pain and suffering during confinement. Bentham suggested that even those who had been undoubtedly scarred by a criminal and injured in any capacity would have suffering that -- no matter how great -- would never measure the pain and suffering of a prisoner who would spend the rest of his life or an extended time in the confines of a cell. Bentham's views and visions of utilitarianism in…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Juvenile Justice Gang Term Paper

… The office of juvenile justice and delinquency prevention should have seminars to train law enforcement officials to forestall the formation of gangs (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). This can significantly eradicate/limit number of gangs involvement in criminal activities. The Office of the Juvenile Justice Delinquency Prevention should come up with programs that prioritize recruitment of faith-based organizations as well as community members and representatives from community-based organizations to come up with engaging activities for at-risk juveniles. The program should also encourage multiagency collaboration at neighborhood, community and federal level. The program should finally stress the importance of partnering with the private sector. Community businesses stand to flourish when juvenile involvement in gang activities is reduced (TheAttorneyStore, 2013). To counter juvenile hate crime, respective states should come up with…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Trends Essay

… It is also because of the technological advancement in the last decade that public is increasingly getting awareness about the important societal issues. The easy access to Internet has made it really easy for the citizens to be informed regarding the different kinds of criminal justice services provided to them. The facts and figures related to crime and arrest on the national and communal level has made it an easy thing for the people to get information regarding court trials, illegitimate offenders and governmental efforts for the safety of public. However, it is essential to mention here that without the participation of citizens, governmental efforts for public safety cannot be successful. For instance, law enforcement agencies cannot prevent crime if people do not help in…. [read more]

Reducing Recidivism in the American Research Paper

… This program was started in 2000 and it involved enhanced screening of incoming inmates and enhanced medical attention to those inmates identified with problems, a mental health improvement has been reported of 83% of DMIO clients as compared to 10% of clients of other programs. (Fayes 1998).

Employment programs

While in prison inmates need work programs in order to equip themselves with skills and experience in order to improve on their employability once they are released from prison. To attain self-reliance and sufficiency this group of people need decent jobs to deter them from involving themselves into criminal activity. It is obvious that without a stable employment released inmates are most likely to revert to criminal activities.

For many reasons post-release employment plays a vital…. [read more]

Criminal Justice: Challenges and Developments Term Paper

… Furthermore family and friends not connected professionally with the department should also be enlisted in monitoring police officers for any signs of excessive stress or possible substance abuse.

Whether the problem belongs to criminals or officers of the law, it is important for the criminal justice system to employ policies of zero tolerance with alcohol and drug abuse problems. As seen above, studies have shown that tax dollars are saved when rehabilitative programs are implemented and used sufficiently. When the cyclic pattern of substance abuse is therefore halted or at least reduced, the final effect is that the crime rate is reduced.

The Role of Information Technology

Information technology has affected nearly all areas of life, and all professions. Using this technology can significantly reduce…. [read more]

Criminal Justice System Program Reducing Research Paper

… Selection criteria and their weights are statement of the problem at 25%, project design at 25%, capabilities and competencies at 30%, data collection plan at 10%, and budget a 10% (BJA).

Rationale of the Program

Research showed a 4.1% decline in violent crime in cities where PSN was implemented as compared with only 0.9% in cities that had no implementation (NIJ, 2009). The cities investigated were Durham, Greensboro and Winston-Salem in North Carolina, Lowell in Massachusetts, St. Louis in Missouri, Chicago, Stockton in California, and Montgomery and Mobile in Alaska. There were very significant declines in gun crime in all the police districts, which implemented PSN as compared to districts, which did not. It was found that target cities with a high level of commitment…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Theory and Policy Discussion Chapter

… Criminal Justice Theory and Policy

The Prison Industrial Complex

The national correction-commercial complex is an institution governed by a number of participants who have the power to make certain decisions. The participants are not ordinary individual rather, they are other firms established by the government to work under and part of the criminal justice department. The participants include the federal agencies that work hand in hand with the for-profit corporations besides other professional organizations. These participants carry out their duties within an enclosed network and ensure that the kind of information they hold about the correction-commercial complex remains secured (Kraska & Brent, 2011). The key participants have certain principles that they need to follow in order to ensure that there is no bridging of information…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Research Paper

… Society is providing a means for these individuals to contribute to America. As it stands to today, more and more individuals are entering prison. These individuals are subsequently not paying any tax, not providing goods and services for society to use, not raising a family, and not contributing to America. In fact they are detracting from it. Why not help these individuals become productive members of society as oppose to a burden to it?

In regards to overall statistics regarding the criminal justice system, each year seems to get better. According to the FBI website, the violent crimes rate has fallen from 758.2 in 1991 to 403.6 in 2010. The number of violent crimes as percentage of the population has decreased by nearly 50% which…. [read more]

U.S. Correction System Essay


U.S correctional system

The society and the public have the expectation that the role of the criminal justice system in any place is to punish and rehabilitate the persons who commit an offence. In this view, punishment and rehabilitation are among the four of the objectives of the criminal justice system. The other two objectives of the system are incapacitation and deterrence (Stanko, Gillespie & Crews, 2004). Punishment and rehabilitation work to support and facilitate deterrence and incapacitation. In the United States, the primary goal of the criminal justice system, when attending to persons who commit the crime, is punishment. Severally, theorists continue to argue about which is more effective in dealing with criminals, punishment or rehabilitation.

How does our correctional system…. [read more]

Need and Importance of Juvenile Justice Diversion Programs Research Paper

… Juvenile Justice

The Need and Importance of Juvenile Justice Diversion Programs

Diversion is an effort to redirect, or channel out, youthful offenders from the juvenile justice system. The notion of diversion is founded on the theory that processing certain youth through the juvenile justice system may do more damage than good. The foundation of the diversion dispute is that courts may unintentionally stigmatize some youth for having committed fairly petty acts that might best be handled outside the official system. In part, diversion programs are also intended to improve the problem of overloaded juvenile courts and overloaded corrections institutions, including detention facilities, so that courts and institutions can focus on more serious offenders (Diversion Programs: An Overview, 1999).

Court officials must balance the interests of…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Management Mapping Crime Article Review

… In other words, police culture and organizational inertia tend to resist changes to basic assumptions underlying policing strategies, while researchers feel that there should be no sacred cows.

Six Recommendations

Improved communications -- the police and researchers should be upfront about what they hope to gain from collaborative projects and the risks they foresee (Stephens, 2010, p. 151-152). These expectations should be updated by both sides as the collaboration matures, so that compromises can be agreed upon before problems fester.

Some of the friction between the police and researchers arise from differences between political and academic orientations, respectively. Critique is central to academic discourse, but in the political environment within which most police departments reside, critique tends to be perceived by the public as criticism…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Process Essay

… Criminal Justice Process

Considerable attention has been devoted to law, both substantive and procedural on the justice process. The criminal justice system is a legal system. How does the law influence the day-to-day activities of the justice process? Be sure to cover criminal justice decisions in all major sub-components of the process.

The law influences the day-to-day activities of the justice process in a number of ways, because the law determines the parameters of permissible activity at every point in the criminal justice system. First, it is important to realize that the law influences what is considered criminal activity. This may seem like an obvious point, but it can have a tremendous impact on the day-to-day activities of the criminal justice system. For example, the…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Administration Essay

… Criminal Justice Administration

What should Casey's response be to the reporter (other than hanging up or telling him to call back) concerning the agency's recommendation?

Casey's response should be one that is straight forward and honest. She should tell them that her office is going to look at all the facts in the case and take everything into consideration when they make the decision of what to recommend to the court. A probation officer's main goal is to help the defendant to get the help that they need in order to become a productive member of society. Casey needs to stick to her ethics and carry out her job to the best of her ability. If her first concern is the well being and enhancement…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Administration: Corrections Officers Job Satisfactions Thesis

… Criminal Justice Administration: Corrections Officers

Job satisfactions of corrections officers

According to the U.S. Department of Labor, the primary duty of corrections officers is to perform the often-stressful work of overseeing individuals who have been arrested and are awaiting trial or who have been convicted of a crime and are sentenced to serve time in a jail, reformatory, or penitentiary. Corrections officers are in charge of monitoring prisoner behavior, ensuring that prisoners do not engage in physical or verbal intimidation in their interactions with one another, or continue their criminal activities behind bars. Officers may also supervise inmates' visits with friends or family members. The satisfactions derived from the occupation, in addition to upholding the law and protecting the safety of the public (as is…. [read more]

Criminal Justice Powell, Michael. "Bragging Article Review

… Yet more should be done to ensure an error-free DNA processing procedure at all stages of the criminal justice process.

Dwyer, Jim. "Rewriting the City's Record on Prisons." The New York Times. 2 Jan, 2014. Retrieved online:

In this article, Dwyer comments on Harry Belafonte's criticism of the New York City prison system. According to the author, the city has effectively reduced its prison population and is contributing to the overall state reduction in incarceration rates. This news is promising. While the rest of the nation should follow suit, at least New York is taking steps to reduce one of the country's biggest shames: prison overcrowding and the needless imprisonment of nonviolent drug offenders. Alternative sentencing for other crimes, and more aggressive prevention programs…. [read more]

Bootcamp Programs Term Paper

… Criminal Justice

Bootcamp Programs

For the past two decades significant money and time have been put toward the implementation of prison boot camp programs, sometimes called shock incarceration. Often costing more money per inmate per day, shock incarceration programs hope to save money in the long run by reducing recidivism and prison overcrowding. Mixed reviews in the media have called attention to flaws in these programs, both in their inception and inability to meet their own goals (Burton & Marquart, 1993). However, some programs do seem to work. This study intends to review the available research and data to establish whether prison boot camps are more successful than general incarceration for young adults.

The idea of shock incarceration is to "shock" young, usually first time,…. [read more]

Criminal Justice and Criminology the Chicago Alternative Research Proposal

… ¶ … Criminal Justice and Criminology

The Chicago alternative policing strategy came into effect in the year 1993. The strategy initially took place in five police district then moved to include the entire city. The need of this strategy was to revise the way police departments conducted their operation in the entire city. It is a long-term strategy where now police officers do have long-term duties in each of the 279 police units. The entire police squads in the city have training on problem solving techniques based on the steps formulated by CAPS. There are steps that any police officer needs to adhere to based on the strategy the processes are focusing on the victims, focus on the location of crime, attention given on offenders…. [read more]

in Traffic Violation Systems the United States System Versus the Day Fine Case Study

… ¶ … Traffic Violation Systems: The United States System vs. The Day Fines

A Case Study in Traffic Violation Systems

The United States System vs. The Day Fines

There are various fines imposed on individuals in the world. Day Fines refer to Fines that are unit in nature. These fines are above a minimum value reflective of an individual's daily income. Offenders, people who are perceived to pay the Fines are consulted on their personal daily income before being made to pay for fines for offenses committed. Crimes have escalated in the world. The emergence of crimes in the society relates to increase in the number of individuals deemed offenders of justice and rule of law (Alarid & Del, 2011). As done in the U.S.…. [read more]

Treatment vs. Punishment Treatment Concept Research Paper

… In this research, recidivism was the new contact with the criminal justice system after release from the last DHS supervised residential treatment placement (McCollister et al., 2009). The critical was critical in integrating three definitions: new arrest for felony crime, new conviction for felony crime, and incarceration with the Michigan Department of Corrections

According to this research, 1978 persons took part in the experiment. About 83% of the participants were males while the remaining 17% females. The study also focused on the inclusion of 62% of the participants from the white race while other racial groups made-up 38%. According to the findings, there is a continuous reduction or decline in relation to the number of juvenile justice youths released from the treatment aspect. The decline…. [read more]

Criminal Justice System Term Paper

… There are however issues concerning the extent to which this strategy should be used and its cost implication in regard to crime prevention strategy. In addition, it is possible that prisons may be reserved specifically for selected people considered dangerous and most likely repeat offenders. It is also possible that there would be a situation where a large number of felons would be incarcerated. Therefore, the effectiveness of incapacitation in reducing crime still remains a controversial issue. In the same line, there have been rigorous studies carried out to examine the effectiveness of this concept and mostly focused on creating models to evaluate its effect on a personal level (Zimring and Hawkins 1995). Nonetheless, the process of evaluation and estimation of the benefits of crime…. [read more]

Role of the Correctional System in Punishing and Rehabilitating Offenders Essay

… Correctional system plays a critical role in punishing, rehabilitating, and protecting the population of criminals. The correctional system was adopted in the criminal justice system in attempts to rehabilitate criminals and reduce crime rather than punish offenders. In order to achieve its goal, the correctional system seeks to rehabilitate criminals through skilled labor and education. As the correctional system has continued to evolve over the years, there have been various divergent sections in this criminal justice segment. Regardless of these developments of the correctional system, there are various concerns whether the system accomplishes its goals and proper expenditure of the allocated funds.

Punishment of Offenders in the Correctional System:

In addition to enforcing the established laws, safeguarding citizens from criminal acts, and ensuring that citizens…. [read more]

Develop an Affirmative Program Designed to Reduce Citizens Complaints Essay

… Reducing Citizen Complaints

A growing body of evidence suggests that in any police department a small percentage of officers are responsible for a disproportionate share of citizen complaints. Develop an affirmative action program designed to reduce citizen complaints. Discuss affirmative steps that a department may take to train and monitor officers' conduct that tend to produce citizen complaints. Include discussions on the legal and personnel implications of your proposed program.

Psychologists have proven that it is often a part of human nature that when humans are given more authority, sometimes they act excessively with that authority and go beyond the normal, accepted morality of a situation to become more brutal and violent. Witness many rather mild-mannered German officials who, during the advent of Nazism, became…. [read more]

Ex-Offenders Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Reform and Rehabilitation Program to Support Nonviolent Ex-Offenders

Ex-Offenders Problems

Programs in Other Countries

Opinions on Programs to Aid Ex-Offenders

Benefits of Rehabilitation

Programs That Work

Social Support For Ex-Offenders

This study focuses on the potential benefits of a rehabilitation and support program for non-violent ex-offenders in the community. The intent of the research is to gain insight regarding the critical elements necessary for a rehabilitation program to succeed and help reduce rates of recidivism in the community. After conducting an extensive preliminary literature review the researcher is able to identify multiple critical success factors for a successful ex-offender support program. In addition to the literature review the researcher proposes further investigation and field research that will examine inmates views and opinions regarding…. [read more]

Boot Camp's Program Claim Research Paper

… The Selection Criteria (Creaming)

According to Cole, Smith & Dejong (2012), boot camps have, in the past, been accused of only accepting those offenders that they feel will be successful. The criteria for eligibility for the California LEAD program, for instance, required "non- serious non-violent juvenile court commitment, minimum of age 16 (later reduced to 14), history or risk of substance abuse" (Jones, 2012, p.1). This technique ultimately results in creaming, as it absorbs those participants that are considered 'receptive', eliminating those with more serious offences (Cole et al., 2012). It may be much easier to change the behavior of these types of offenders, than it would be, to change those convicted of more serious offences. This discriminative selection has hugely contributed to the high…. [read more]

Punishment Program Research Paper

… Once a person is labeled a criminal, society takes away his opportunities, which may ultimately lead to more criminal behavior. To curb such tags for behavior that may not be criminal, the program aims at placing emphasis on what is regarded as criminal without the state coming up with its own definition of crime. Thus, most people are left from becoming labeled as criminals and it only those who are known and proved to have committed a certain crime are tagged as criminals.

Success of the Program

The program is pitted to be a success in any state; in my opinion, it has not undermined the existing mandatory minimum sentences that are in place since this would have created a "soft on crime" impression that…. [read more]

Education Programs on Adult Offenders Research Proposal

… Educational Programs for Adult Offenders

Crime rates have increased over the last few decades leading to increasing number of arrests and incarcerations. As per the Council of Europe study conducted in 2001 the U.S. stands out for the most number of prisoners per 100,000 population compared with many other nations. Overcrowding is a fact in many of the U.S. prisons leading to violent behavior and severe prison management problems.

As per the 2002 data released by the Bureau of Justice, recidivism rates continue to increase over the last two decades standing at an alarming 67.5%. [Released and Restored] These statistics project a grim picture of our correctional facilities and the need for a more proactive and effective approach towards crime control and correctional facilities. With…. [read more]

Policing in Criminal Justice Essay

… Criminal Justice - Policing


Does the exclusionary rule control police misbehavior?

The exclusionary rule controls police misbehavior, but in a manner that is more indirect than direct. Technically, it does not actually control what police officers do; rather, it imposes certain penalties after the fact that are intended to deter future misconduct. The exclusionary rule is powerless to prevent police officers from violating constitutional protections or the established rules of criminal procedure designed to guarantee constitutional rights in any specific instance.

However, by excluding evidence obtained in violation of constitutional protection, the exclusionary rule prevents improperly obtained evidence from being used at trial. In that way, the exclusionary rule provides an incentive for police to comply with established constitutional principles in general,…. [read more]

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