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Cubist Ideas and the Modernist Term Paper

… He brought the music, dance, art and style of his Russia to the Parisians in the years before World War One. His collaborations with Stravinsky are perhaps his greatest accomplishments, and one can see in the composer's music how he embraced the clean, angular aesthetic of the cubists as his own. In a book published in 1968 by Stravinsky and his companion Robert Craft, entitled Dialogues and a Diary, the composer goes as far as to suggest that he was responsible for the birth of "cubist" or "neo-classicist" music single-handedly:

I played the Polka (from "Eight Easy Pieces" 1915) to Diahilev and Alfredo Casella in a hotel room in Milan in 1915, and I remember how amazed both men were that the composer of "Le…. [read more]

Cubism Cubist Sculpture Term Paper

… Cubism

Cubist sculpture

Cubist sculpture and its significance in the development of art

Cubism as an art movement is considered one of the most revolutionary in art history. It was part of the modernist art movement during the Twentieth Century which altered the principles of art that had been dominant for centuries. Art previous to the cubism movement was traditional with a simple distinction between solid forms and negative space. Cubism altered this by making it purposely difficult to distinguish a difference between these two aspects. Furthermore, Cubism developed a form of art and sculpture with undefined and mutilated planes. This type of art was in many ways opposite to art that had previously been created by artists and accepted as the norm.

A central…. [read more]

Cubism -- How it Shapes the Art Term Paper

… Cubism -- How it shapes the art of today, how it creates the shape of my art today

According to the popular Internet art encyclopedia, 'Artcyclopedia,' the Cubist movement in art developed between the years of 1908 and 1912, amongst a small colony of European artists. The early Cubist's main influences were said to have been Tribal Art, as prefigured in the works of the post-impressionist Paul Cezanne. (Artcyclopedia, 2005) Unlike these earlier artist's works, however, which still had recognizable, realistic forms, in Cubist paintings the subject matter was broken up, analyzed by the painter, and then reassembled in an abstracted form of shapes and stark designs.

There are two distinct Cubist styles. The first movement in Cubism was known as Analytical Cubism. Analytical Cubism…. [read more]

Cubism and Sculpture Term Paper

… Artists like Picasso and Gauguin found formal ideas and images in the so-called primitive societies that resonated with energy and a new artistic rhythm.

Les Demoiselles D'Avignon is often invoked as the painting that started Cubism. A central aspect that the African mask motif created in Picasso's work was the challenge that it set up to ideas and normative perception of natural form.

The Negro sculptures radically abstract from natural forms: with their large noses protruding at sharp angles from the concave faces, they are the very opposite of everything Classical. Under their influence Picasso completely negated the natural form for the first time in the Demoiselles d'Avignon." (Boeck and Sabartes 147)

The primitive or archaic conventions are startling in the painting; particularly if…. [read more]

Development of Cubism Term Paper

… Cubism is a form of art that reduces the dimensionality of the appearance of paintings from three to two. Rather than adopting the nuances of lighting, shadows and curve to "bring out" the painting, cubism aims to recreate and present a subject to the viewer into a collection of geometric shapes (the word "cubism" is a misnomer, since other geometric shapes are also introduced), such that multiple facets of a subject is visible to the viewer. It brings together views of the subject from different angles and perspectives and recreates or represents them in a two-dimensional setting. Cubism perhaps showed the first inklings of modern art -- a redefinition of reality.

Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque were the forerunners in the creation of cubism. Many…. [read more]

Cubist Decade Term Paper

… ¶ … Jacques Barzun covers the Cubist Decade in the third part of his best known work, "From Dawn to Decadence: 500 Years of Western Cultural Life, 1500 to the Present," dealing with the period from Romanticism to the First World War.

The Cubist Movement is, first of all, defined as a decadent movement. The definition for a decadent culture or a decadent movement (a cultural movement as a subpart of a culture) comes from Jacques Barzun himself: "when people accept futility and the absurd as normal, the culture is decadent." In this sense, decadence, in Barzun's image, is associated with a certain deformation of sensibility with regard to the artwork that is observed. The decadence itself does not become a reality until the absurd…. [read more]

Picasso and Braque Cubism Research Paper

… Picasso and Braque

Cubism refers to a revolutionary style of art that emerged in Paris during the early part of the twentieth century, 1907 through 1914, and is credited to the creations of two particular painters, Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque (Cubism pp).

The major characteristic of the Cubist style is the rejection of the traditional techniques of perspective, foreshortening, modeling, and chiaroscuro and ignoring the accepted theories that art must imitate nature (Cubism pp). Instead, the artists chose to emphasize the flat two-dimensional surface of the picture plane and refused to be bound to copy form, texture, color and space, but rather present reality in a new way that showed fragmented objects, "whose several sides were seen simultaneously" (Cubism pp).

Georges Braque was born…. [read more]

Picasso, Cubism, Mondrian Reference Work: Pablo Essay

… Picasso, Cubism, Mondrian

Reference Work: Pablo Picasso, Portrait of Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler 1910

For the popular person, the name Pablo Picasso stands out as a metaphor for 20th century art, usually art that is colorful, a bit on the abstract side, and clearly prolific. Picasso is best known as on of the founders of the Cubist movement in modern art. What is most amazing about Stravinsky is the wide spectrum of styles he embodied -- from the famous line drawing of Stravinksy in 1920 to his surrealism of the 1930s, culminating in various permutations of neo-expressionism during his later years ("Biography and Works," 2006).

Cubism, like most styles of art, music, and literature, is difficult to completely define. There are, however, some guides to it…. [read more]

Art Movements Cubism vs. Futurism Essay

… Target Audience: the Futurists work is targeted their art and skills to mass audience since their subjects have been social issues and political movements. Cubism had contracted their market to elite art educated audience and art lovers who understands the real meaning of artistic design.

Art movement: In the initial period of movement, Futurists worked in performances and have written many manifestos in exaggerated languages. Cubist has confined itself in intellectual writing and making wise contribution by linking their work to the French classical art and recent scientific ideas. Cubism art movement was defined in terms of gallery and art exhibitions making active contribution in the field of art through work of Picasso, Braque and setting exhibitions for the Salon Cubists. However Futurism movement has…. [read more]

Art the Painting Techniques Thesis

… Their portraits seem elementary in ways, but they are styled to be so. They embrace the primitivism coming in to vogue at that time.

The core group of Cubists consisted of Pablo Picasso, Georges Braque, and Albert Gleizes. Braque's "cubistic" works won for the group the name Cubism. But each of the painters embraced the style, which embodied the primitivism made popular by the Fauvists as well as the Africanism that Picasso had already made a part of his repertoire.

This paper will now look at an example of art from each of these artists from these core groups to better illustrate exactly what these movements represented.

Impressionism: Claude Monet/Camille Pissarro/Pierre-Auguste Renoir

La promenade, or La femme a l'omberlle, 1875

Monet's "Woman with a Parasol"…. [read more]

Picasso Cubism Culture Research Proposal

… Picasso, Cubism, Culture

Picasso, Cubism and culture

The "invention" or creation of cubism has elicited a huge library of criticism and studies attempting to explain this artistic phenomenon that is largely associated with the works of Picasso and Braque. While there is no definitive definition of cubism, a working definition that can be applied is simply that cubism is a new artistic mode or method of perceiving reality. As one writer in the subject states, Picasso initiated a "revolt" against Western representation in art and developed knew methods of "… inventing truth that enables him to break old laws…" ( Walther 33).

At the outset I feel that it is important to make the distinction between the artistic process and the analysis of art from…. [read more]

Les Demoiselles D'avignon" by Picasso, Explain Cubism Term Paper

… ¶ … les demoiselles d'Avignon" by Picasso, explain cubism in it and discuss the idea and techique of "collage in devolopment of modern art.

Cubism was a movement developed between 1907 and 1914. It had its origins in France and its main exponents were Pablo Picasso, Georges Braques, and Juan Gris. Cubism treats the shapes of nature through geometric figures, representing all the parts of an object in one single plane. It is considered to be the first movement to deny the last element remaining from Renaissance academy: the perspective.

It freed the world of art of any compromise with realistic representation. In spite of the revolutionary technique, the genres and subjects were not new in art: still nature, landscape, and portraits. Picasso creates a…. [read more]

Moma in the Museum Term Paper

… She is like a gatekeeper between the Victorian, acceptable world, and the world of the prostitutes beyond. Her position is illustrated in her dress, for she is the one among all five women who is most covered. The danger of the women is illustrated in the rest of the piece. For example, the linen which covers the women is as jagged and angular as the subjects themselves. Their bedclothes are then allowed to mimic weaponry of a sort. This point is again illustrated in the fruit that is placed at the bottom center of the painting. There is a table or some sort of shelving on which sits a bowl of fruit. This bowl has a sharp edge which points up at the women. The…. [read more]

19th Century Art First Question - Three Term Paper

… 19th Century Art


Considered one of the most influential art movements of the twentieth century, Cubism defined not only a transformative period of art but influenced the careers of the individual artists who directed the movement as well.

Cubism is traditionally divided into three phases: The proto-cubist, or Cezanne Phase, when Picasso and Braque, both considered the innovators and initiators of the Cubist movement, first followed the guidance and advice of Paul Cezanne and began treating nature in their art as consisting of the "cone the sphere and the cylinder" (ArtLex, ¶2); the Hermetic or Analytic Cubism period when cubism had been defined as an art form, and the Synthetic Cubism or Collage period of 1912-1919 when later…. [read more]

Art, Picasso, Matisse, Diego Rivera Term Paper

… These paintings contain certain principles of Picasso regarding heroic ambition and importance and are among the best paintings of Matisse in the cubist style. At the same time, Picasso continued on his pet theme of harlequin and ended up with Man Leaning on a Table in 1915. The use of the prostitute or harem girl was quite often used by Matisse and even Picasso used similar girls. This was probably a part of their styles. They were personal friends and this also contributed to their similarities. At the end of the War, Picasso and Matisse met in the south of France. Both artists were now wealthy and kept meeting regularly, and this was the period when their relationship became the closest.

Matisse's painting Large Red…. [read more]

Henri Matisse Still Life Research Paper

… " (Matisse Picasso Website, 2002)

VI. Concept of Visual Equilibrium

Matisse writes that if he were to paint upon a white canvas "some sensations of blue, of green, or red, each new stroke diminish the importance of the preceding ones." (1908) The concept of visual equilibrium is addressed in the work of Matisse who states as follows on painting an interior:

"I have before me a cupboard; it gives me a sensation of vivid red, and I put down a red which satisfies me. A relation is established between this red and the white of the canvas. Let me put a green near the red, and make the floor yellow; and again there will be relationships between the green or yellow and the white of…. [read more]

Art Along With Georges Braque Essay

… Both Leger and Picasso are concerned with the role geometric forms play in a composition. Arcs and curves, for example, feature prominently in both Picasso's Femme a la mandolin and in Leger's Le modele nu dans l'atelier. The term "cubism" is not an absolute designation that precludes the artist from including curvilinear elements. Rather, the "cube" implies three-dimensionality, and that three-dimensionality can be readily and successfully achieved by depicting rounded objects, spheres, and the natural curves of the human body as well as straight lines. In fact, the more curvilinear elements an abstract work contains, the more organic the overall impression will be due to the fact that the natural universe contains no true straight lines.

Picasso does include a few straight lines in Femme…. [read more]

Art the Metropolitan Museum Term Paper

… It was shocking to see the geographic range of where the pieces were from, and it showed how vast the trade networks were in the classical era. This exhibit also showed how the arts evolved concurrently with, yet largely independent of, Greece and Rome. Furthermore, some works in this collection showed how Assyrian art influenced ancient Rome. For example, the headless statue of a man with jewelry is reminiscent of classical Roman statuary but was created centuries before the peak of the Roman Empire.

The Leonard A. Lauder collection of cubist art includes work from some of the most famous artists in this genre: Georges Braque, Juan Gris, Fernand Leger, and Pablo Picasso. This collection was more diverse than expected, and showed the evolution of…. [read more]

Russian Constructivism Artistic and Architectural Term Paper

… 11).

The largest peaks for the success of women artists developed in the pre-revolutionary period and during the Constructivist period of the 1920's. As Yablonskaya notes, during the late 1920's and early 1930's, women artists led two contrary developments, "one of an intimate and personal character, as with the art of Antonia Sofronova, and the other more publicly affirmative as with the work of Sarra Lebedeva and Vera Mukhina," (Yablonskaya, p. 12). The woman artist that had a significant influence on the Constructivist movement was Lyubov Papova.

Popova was an influential Russian painter and designer who was born into a wealthy family and trained as a teacher before beginning her artistic studies with Stanislav Zhukovsky and Konstantin Yuon. Inspired by Russian architecture, she developed a…. [read more]

Modernism in Art Triumphed Essay

… Instead, Dali's "Memory" proceeded out of the Absurdist/Dada/Surrealist movements that were in themselves modernist protests against the pretentious elite that swallowed movements like Cubism with aplomb. Dali's surrealist work is well-known in popular culture because it captured something of the essence of modern culture: the ennui, the languor, the boredom, the insufferable melting away of time (represented by literally melting pocket watches). It reflected, possibly, the dread that secretly haunted the modern youth, who must have had a sense of the economic crash that was coming by the end of the decade and the Second World War that would follow. Dali's "Memory" caught in one fell swoop the zaniness of modernism and the mind of the world in 1931. If artists can be rated on…. [read more]

Classic View of the Matisse/Picasso Term Paper

… But Picasso, having a different sensibility, could not as easily do this - he could not ignore the ugliness and threats which abounded ("Art Giants"). Sarah Milroy explains it by contrasting Matisse's "open-air delight in visual pleasure to Picasso's "congested nightmare of forms." Even during the worst days of Nazi occupation of France, Matisse's

...paintings register a defiant, even perverse buoyancy, with dazzling odalisques disporting themselves atop exotic tapestries, and succulent oysters ...spread out on a blue and pink tablecloth. Picasso, on the other hand, made of almost everything a congested nightmare of forms, crushed into the picture space with brutal vigor. We sense his claustrophobia, locked in his brain alone with only his own passionate intellect, intensity and paranoia for company.

One easy way…. [read more]

African and Asian Influences on Western European Art Essay

… She is standing on a Chinese carpet and wearing a Japanese kimono. However, Asian influence was just one out of several styles that affected European art. African art had a profound effect.

African art influenced 20th century styles of European art which is evident in cubism. Looking at the Bakota reliquary guardian figure from Gabon, Mbulu-Ngulu, we see an intermediary between the living and the dead. It is formalized into geometric shapes, the base taking the shape of a diamond, the solid contrasting the empty space (Soltes). The head depicts the connection to the soul and the realm of the dead. Another geometric piece of art is the Fang mask from Gabon, with geometric reduction and geometric emphasis on light and shadow. The Kifwebe mask…. [read more]

There Is a Long List Research Paper

… A work of art is never beautiful by decree, objectively and for all" (Tzara 249).


Despite the fact that almost everyone who created and participated in the Movement were really serious, Dada art is completely ridiculous, irrational and senseless to the point of fancy. Dada Art was not founded on any predominant medium. The Dadaists used everything ranging from algebraic textiles, glass, plaster and wooden ornaments. The noticeable fact is that Dadaist Art paved way for the use of "assemblage, collage, photomontage and the use of ready made objects" (Essak). Dada certainly created a lot of subdivisions in everything that had no sensible meaning. Not only did it spawn a number of literary journals, Dada influenced many contemporaneous and coexisting trends in the visual…. [read more]

Joan Miro's Detailist Period Term Paper

… Joan Miro's Detailist Period

Joan Miro was born on April 20, 1893 and began drawing classes in 1900 (Fundacio Miro, p.1). By his early teens, his skill as an artist was already becoming apparent and he enrolled in the School of Industrial and Fine Arts, learning under Modest Urgell and Josep Pasco (Fundacio Miro, p.1). In 1911, Miro had a physical breakdown brought on by a bout of typhoid, but it is believed by many that the breakdown was mental and spiritual, as well as physical. Miro had been attempting to pursue art as his hobby, while working in a traditional job as an accounting clerk. He spent much of 1911 convalescing in Mont-roig, where his family had a farm. During his time at the…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast Two Art Periods Essay

… Art History/Impressionism

Paintings of the French Impressionists have long enjoyed tremendous popularity among museum-goers in the United States. "The Impressionist galleries at the Metropolitan Museum, the National Gallery of Art, the Art Institute of Chicago, the Philadelphia Museum of Art, and the Museum of Fine Arts Boston serve as the crowning spaces in their larger installations of European easel painting, and most of these Impressionist galleries have the highest attendance of any permanent collection spaces in the museums" (Brettell, 1995). The purpose of this paper is to compare impressionism and post impressionism in terms of their characteristics of style and historical origins and significance. Impressionism was all about the changing light in natural settings. Post impressionist artists took these notions about light and the natural…. [read more]

Picasso and Braque Picasso Pablo Term Paper

… 2. Braque

Braque, with Picasso, is credited as one of the main innovators of Cubism. It is the often stated that while working with Picasso "he originated cubism and the cubist style, to become one of the major figures of 20th-century art.

(Georges Braque (1882-1963) After settling in Paris in 1902, Braque become influenced by the various innovative movements in modern art. He was especially attracted to the free and imaginative art of The Fauves. He was impressed by the colorful and bold works of Henri Matisse and Andre Derain.

Braque began to work with Picasso in 1909 and these two artist experimented with various forms, shapes and styles. This experimentation was eventually to produce the first works of Analytic Cubism. During this period both…. [read more]

Girl With Mandolin Term Paper

… There is no background or foreground in the painting whatsoever; although the girl playing the mandolin is the primary subject matter, she stands alone, hardly distinguished from the background in terms of color or depth perception. The non-dimensional nature of the painting contrasts sharply with the richly textured, multi-dimensional sensations of cubism. On the other hand, the lack of spatial depth in "Girl with Mandolin" testifies to the power of cubist art: its ability to employ empty space as part of the subject itself. Picasso depicts space and solid form as one in the same.

'Girl with Mandolin" is not entirely abstract, even though it tends towards total abstraction of the subject. As Golding states, "the legibility of this canvas demonstrates conclusively that although Cubist…. [read more]

Picasso's the Studio 1934 Essay

… Picasso's Psyche as Seen Through The Studio (1934)
Pablo Picasso was wildly popular and respected in his time, both in
Spain and throughout the world art community. Simultaneously, he was
criticized for the provocative nature of his work and for the steadfast
neutrality of his political orientation.
By the early 20th century, his work had served to largely redefine the
parameters of the art world, allowing for deep abstractions in presentation
and the exploration of subjects with shockingly frank implications. And in
his personal life, he showed a similar set of proclivities, engaging a
lifestyle and philosophical orientation which both inspired deep divisions
along ideological lines. Born in Spain in 1881, he would split his life
between Paris and Barcelona, drawing on his cultural experiences…. [read more]

Picasso Pablo Picasso Was a Painter, Sculptor Research Paper

… Picasso

Pablo Picasso was a painter, sculptor, ceramicist and stage designer who belonged to Spain but lived most of his life in France. He was one of the most influential and known artist of his age and had gone to achieve a lot of different things. Some of the most renowned achievements by Picasso include invention of the constructedsculpture; work on the collage, co founding the Cubist movement and introduction of various different styles of art. Seeing how his influence is appreciated worldwide, he is an interesting artist to look into in more detail. He was a man who made use of not one but several styles to blend in into his art work. His work was marvelous and people know his for the talent…. [read more]

Art History Essay

… Art History

Certainly, after proceeding into the course, I see the world with a radically different perspective than when you began your art studies. I now look much more deeply into things around you myself and with a different set of eyes and mind. I now do not see art as something that has a definitive form or an exact composition. Rather, the art can be relative have elements that do not have to directly reflect reality on the surface. Indeed, via principles of art as well as the significance of the things that one is looking it in terms of symbols or themes. Mystically, art opens up the vistas of the human mind and the subconscious that we would otherwise ignore. It helps us…. [read more]

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