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Cultural Pluralism Describe How Citizens Essay

… These include: having different activities involving various racial / ethnic groups, identifying those policies / issues that need to be addressed and working with existing resources to address these issues. The activities with various racial and ethnic groups will help to reduce any kind of barriers or misconceptions about a particular segment. Those communities that are continually taking this kind of focus will help to change attitudes between various demographics. This is the point that there will be greater amounts of understanding and tolerance for everyone. ("Strategies for Reducing Racial and Ethnic Prejudice," 2012)

Identifying the policies and issues are locating specific practices by citizens, governments and other organizations which are encouraging discrimination. Those who are focused on destroying these traditions will send a message…. [read more]

Pluralism in General Terms Essay

… However, to ensure that conflict does not get out of hand in a pluralistic environment, necessary practices as well as policies are adopted. These practices and policies include but are not limited to grievance and anti-discrimination policies. In a pluralistic environment, diversity is taken to further encompass a wider integration of differences. This is largely possible as in this case, legitimate and distinct differences co-existence is embraced. Also, collective as well as individual identities are maintained.

As Aswathappa & Dash (2007, 268) note, the pluralistic approach differs significantly from the unitary approach. It therefore follows that taking into consideration the pluralistic approach, a pluralistic environment more so within an organizational setting is considered a coalition of interests seen to be competing. In such an environment,…. [read more]

Cultural Assimilation Term Paper

… Thus, leisure activities can provide a secure and supportive space for the expression of subcultural identity (Gramann pp). .

J.R. Keefe and A.M. Padilla defined assimilation as the "social, economic, and political integration of an ethnic minority group into mainstream society" (Gramann pp).

M. Gordon broke the assimilation process into seven sub-processes:

"acculturation, or behavioral assimilation; structural assimilation, or access to societal institutions;

amalgamation, or marital assimilation; identificational assimilation; attitude receptional assimilation, or the absence of prejudice; behavior receptional assimilation, or the absence of discrimination; and civic assimilation, or the absence of value and power conflicts" (Gramann pp).

According to Gordon, acculturation occurs when an ethnic group's cultural patterns change to those of the host society, a process that has been labeled "Anglo-conformity" in order…. [read more]

Cultural Pluralism Term Paper

… Cultural Pluralism

The American territory is well-known for its cultural pluralism. The outstanding cultural diversity and ethnic pluralism in the United States call for cultural awareness and special social education of the community members, in order to avoid important problems, such as racism and discrimination. The basis of the modern democratic society requires more than tolerance towards the different racial, ethnic or social categories. The contemporary cultural and ethnic studies aim at a globalization based on the cultural awareness of each individual in society. The main premises of cultural awareness are that the individuals should have knowledge of the different traditions, customs and ideologies specific to each culture. It is essential for the proper functioning of any social environment that the other culture, which are…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity Cultural Policy Term Paper

… Cultural Diversity

Cultural policy aims at the advancement of cultural diversity and cultural democracy. As Adams and Goldbard (1987) note, there is a strong need for the development of an effective cultural policy in the United States so as to balance the negative and discriminatory effects that the policy practiced by the government has produced throughout history.

Through the encouragement of culture in all its forms, incorporating both commercial culture as promoted by the media and the nonprofit realm of the high or traditional arts, a democratization of culture can be achieved. There is evidently no one single culture in the United States, but an extraordinary variety of subcultures that have the right to be expressed and defined by their members. In this context, Adams…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity Cultural Background Summary Term Paper

… Cultural Diversity

Cultural Background Summary & Reflection feel most in touch with my Russian cultural background during the New Year, a far more important Russian holiday than the traditional winter festivals of Christmas and Hanukah. In America, everything stops for Santa Claus but because of the different schedule of the Russian Orthodox calendar, Russians await the New Year with greater anticipation. Even under communism secular Russians celebrated the New Year with sacred reverence, and many Russian Jewish families have adopted the New Year celebration and made it a part of their family's annual traditions. My entire extended family comes together on New Year in America for a traditional Russian New Year. Everyone brings presents and traditional Russian foods like caviar, smoked salmon, blini (small pancakes).…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity What Is Culture Term Paper

… Cultural Diversity

What is culture and cultural diversity?

According to one definition of culture and cultural diversity, cultural diversity means that all individuals have the right to live as they choose, so long as they do not impinge upon other people's rights. All people have an equal right to realize their life goals. The principle of cultural diversity guarantees respect for human rights, regardless of where individuals practicing their religious and cultural values may dwell on the globe. However, cultural diversity cannot be used as an argument to violate or limit the scope of the fundamental rights guaranteed by international law to national borders. In other words, to create a secular society and guarantee freedom of religion to all human beings on a universal scale,…. [read more]

Cultural Awareness Americans Term Paper

… In summary, both the Hmong people and the indigenous tribes of Africa have concepts of illness and healing that are in direct contrast with Western concepts identifying health and illness with the physical body. Some of the concepts - such as the importance of community - have yet to find resonance in the Western world. When these concepts collide, a lack of cultural awareness can have tragic results.

Viewed in this light, physicians and health workers are faced more arduous requirements, to be culturally sensitive as well as medically competent. This awareness is already having positive results, as seen in the growing number of medical institutions that offer classes in various cultural health traditions.


Even prior to the wave of immigrants from African and…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity as an African-American Female Growing Term Paper

… Cultural Diversity

As an African-American female growing up in Meadowbrook in Chesterfield County, Virginia, people from outside of Virginia sometimes assume that I experienced discomfort as part of a minority group. While I cannot deny that there have been certain experiences when I felt as if I was being treated in a discriminatory manner, for the most part I have not felt disconnected from my community because of my race. Instead, I have felt like a member of my immediate community.

For the most part, the citizens in Chesterfield County do not look like me. "The racial makeup of the county is 76.74% white, 17.77% Black or African-American, 0.33% Native American, 2.37% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 1.34% from other races, and 1.41% from two or…. [read more]

Pluralism and Postmodernism: Mormon Church Essay

… pag.). In this concept of diversity-appreciation, all religious systems are equal and it is wrong to consider one superior to another (Brantley n. pag.).

The Concept of Plurality and the Mormon Church

The article 'Navajo finding their roots by becoming Mormon' brings about a Mormon faith that puts very little emphasis on the concept of plurality. This trend is depicted in a number of instances in which they appear to consider their faith more superior to that of their neighbors. To begin with, Mormons believe that American Indians advanced from the rebellious non-believing Lamanites, and needed to convert to Mormon because only then, would God's Kingdom be built on earth (Santos A12). Secondly, the Mormon Church placement program that sought to promote child education may…. [read more]

Cultural Awareness Thesis

… Culture and the Military

Cultural Awareness and Military Operations

Culture is a universal human phenomenon; it is impossible for an individual growing up in a given community not to be indoctrinated into that particular culture's attitudes and beliefs, even if they consciously resist such indoctrination. This stems form the fact that human beings are essentially social creatures that cannot help receiving and analyzing information about the world and other people around them. Doing this causes individuals to draw certain subconscious conclusions about the way people are supposed to behave, look, and even think. When this happens collectively, as indeed it must whenever there is a collection of people, the development and progression of a culture inevitably occurs, as each person's attitudes and behaviors necessarily influence…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity Persian and American Essay

… ¶ … Personal Cultural Diversity

The world in which we live and work has grown immensely more diverse in the apst several decades due to several factors. Not only are people of various etnic, religious, and cultural backgrounds more free and able to move around the world in the search for a better life for themselves and their family than they ever have been before, but other technologies -- most notably the Internet -- also make it possible for people of absolutely every imaginable background to connect with each other across vast distances of space. Organizations -- both corporations and other business entities as well as communities and other social groups -- must learn not simply to tolerate this diversity, which has been the general…. [read more]

Australia Ethnocentrism, Cultural Pluralism Essay

… Australia Ethno

Ethnocentrism, Cultural Pluralism and Australia's Struggle for Balance

The colonial expansion of European ideologies, cultures and economies during the 16th and 17th century would produce future generations of settlers positioned throughout the globe. Based on the inherent premise of colonialism imposing suggestions of cultural and racial superiority on the natives of those lands newly reached by Europe's self-proclaimed advanced civilizations, the predominantly Caucasian descendents would proceed to develop fundamentally ethnocentric nations. This would be true in contexts such as North America, Africa, the Caribbean and Australia, all of which would see the widespread and often devastating permeation of white, European exclusion and subjugation. Australia is the instance which most concerns this discussion, as a useful example of a nation which is today struggling…. [read more]

Migration and Cultural Pluralism Melange Cities Research Proposal

… Migration and Cultural Pluralism

Melange Cities, Blair a Ruble. The Wilson Quarterly; Summer 2006; 30, 3; Academic Research Library.

One of the great ironies of civilization is the disposition of righteous entitlement which has allowed groups large and small to claim entitlement and connectivity to lands in a way that removes the history of their own migration. Such is an idea which Ruble (2006) exposes as hypocrisy and convenient shortsightedness. His article on the concept of urban migration frames it as an issue of relevance not just in the modern context where it is often politicized and framed according to permeating racial hierarchies, but also in this history of humanity, where ethnicities and nations came to be after countless patterns of ethnic cross-breeding, migration, war…. [read more]

Religious Pluralism Term Paper

… Religious Pluralism in the United States common view of the meaning of religious pluralism refers to the peaceful coexistence of different religions and religious groupings in a country. This also refers to the view that no one single religious viewpoint or ideology is seen as the sole arbitrator of religious truth. This of course also refers to the cardinal aspect of religious tolerance.

In terms of these general characteristics many scholars and commentators claim that America is essentially a society that is characterized by religious plurality. This stance also refers to the constitution of the United States with its emphasis on individual freedom; which implies that America has always been and still is in essence a society which is in favor of religious pluralism. In…. [read more]

Dialectical Pluralism Term Paper

… There are in fact many different ways to see and interpret the world. This philosophy is based on the fact that each human being perceives the events and physical dimensions around him- or herself differently. These different perceptions stem from the fact that every human being has different experiences of life influencing perception. This recognition then leads to the logical conclusion that pluralism is the logical system according to which the world and society might be viewed.

Examples of pluralistic views of the world abound. The most obvious is religious pluralism. In general, when seen from an objective point-of-view, no religion is seen as better than any other. Another area is relationships. Sexuality is seen in a different light than a century ago. Homosexuality as…. [read more]

Modernism and Pluralism Essay

… During the time prior to Roosevelt's election, the world was witnessing a flood of new political and economic ideas such as Marxism and Fascism but, for the most part, the United States and its citizenry were not exposed to such ideas. Roosevelt, however, and the events surrounding his Presidency, brought the United States fully into the modern era and rapidly established the country as a leader in the move toward widespread modernization. Roosevelt exposed the country to an infusion of new ideas. Some of the ideas proved viable and caught on with the American public while others did not but Roosevelt's pluralistic approach allowed the ideas to be considered. His genius laid in his ability to foresee that it was time for radical change in…. [read more]

Legal Pluralism Is Among the Greatest Challenged Term Paper

… Legal pluralism is among the greatest challenged confronting democratic societies today (Van Cott 2000). It is that of incorporating populations of distinct group identities and cultural norms into a single polity under a constitution, which reflects and affirms the different identities and norms of the citizens. The most important factors affecting the practical realization of legal pluralism have been identified as the capacity of the political system; the legal tradition and society, which will incorporate and tolerate the diversity; the geographic isolation and alienation of the indigenous communities; the degree of division among these communities and movements in general; and effective legal mechanisms available to indigenous communities seeking to protect this right in particular. In the last decade, ethnic communities have demanded this right and…. [read more]

Social and Cultural Impacts Term Paper

… Moreover, these questionnaires were intended to give a more accurate picture of how a new eco-tourism enterprise could exceed its corporate needs and expectations, such that a new niche could be identified.

It is evident that corporate traveling is a segment of the hospitality industry with a high financial potential and one that can also sustain growth, due to the intrinsic need to meet their customers' or employees' business demands. Consequently, encouraging corporate businesses to participate in the development of eco-tourism hotels would, in my view, give organizations a new dimension through which to help the environment and to follow the necessary codes of ethics. In addition, incorporating the needs of corporate travelers would allow a better understanding of what can be done to stimulate…. [read more]

Religion Is Jesus Book Review

… Nash purposely achieves this goal of relying only on Scripture as if to underscore the problem with Hick's pluralism.

Personal Conclusion

Nash's argument is refreshingly militant. His use of logic is astute. While some readers might find fault in Nash's premise, no Christian reader possibly could. Nash shows that it is categorically and logically impossible to hold true to divergent and contradictory truths. A person either believes in the divinity of Christ and the truth of God's Word, or not. A person either believes that the Bible is the Word of God, or not. Religious pluralism is a fad, as Nash states. It is plaguing religious seminaries that hope to teach a diverse body of students without offending any of them. Yet religious pluralism does…. [read more]

Buddhist Theology: Spiritual Cultural Competency Essay

… Buddhist Theology

As a Buddhist, I believe that I should be compassionate towards people of other faiths and recognize them as suffering beings first, before seeing them as people of other faiths. Second, I believe I should learn as much as possible from the doctrine and practice of other faiths as a cultivation of my own faith. Third, I believe I should be an ambassador of the Buddhist faith, explain fundamental Buddhist beliefs to people of other faiths. It is especially important for me to explain to other people what Buddhism is and what it isn't. I believe that there are too many misunderstandings about Buddhism and I do not think we can go there can be a peaceful co-existence until there…. [read more]

Diversity Cultural and Individual Essay

… Diversity

Cultural and individual diversity in the contemporary business environment and workplace is a topic of debate in many companies today. It is a subject that is often to be found in journals and literature on modern business. In essence, diversity in the workless is an issue that is concerned with "….recognizing, respecting and valuing differences based on ethnicity, gender, color, age, race, religion, disability, national origin and sexual orientation" (Business Case for Diversity). Furthermore, the subject of diversity also includes other differences that should be acknowledged and accommodated in the modern workplace. These include aspects such as "…communication style, career path, life experience, educational background, geographic location, income level, marital status, military experience, parental status and other variables that influence personal perspectives" (Business Case…. [read more]

Art Analysis: ART21 After Reviewing Essay

… The title of this work states: this is no time for dreaming. For whatever feelings or opportunities dreaming provides us, this is no time for that now. This logic begs the question, if it is not time for dreaming, what is it time for then? Tossing papers about in an empty room might be the perfect time for dreaming because the reality of the situation is not fun.

Forever is a series of installations where the primary source material is bicycles. Weiwei used approximately 1,200 bicycles to construct his exhibit. Weiwei is an artist that often expresses messages that are aware of the 21st century Chinese reality, condition and culture. His work is very connected and heavily themed around the diversity of meaning of the…. [read more]

Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]

Cross-Cultural Communications Term Paper

… Japan Business Practices and Customs

Communication Style and Preference

When negotiating in Japan, it is best to observe a highly deferential communication style, as opposed to a confrontational style. Debate and an open show of disharmony will make a negotiator seem rude, rather than dominant or skillful. Disagreement should be expressed in an indirect manner as possible. Even if an American may feel that he or she has 'won' a particular argument, because an apparent concession was made in the form of one's Japanese opponent uttering "maybe," this in fact likely means that the proposal is still rejected, according to the tactful, less overt style of cultural communication typical in Japan.


Japan ranks high in nations that prize deference to formality in business protocol…. [read more]

People's Children: Cultural Conflict Essay

… The constant consciousness of how they were speaking was not helping their production of a new language. Delpit also suggests that correction may not be a very good way to get results and can change students' attitude towards learning.

This was shown in an example dialogue between a teacher asked a young boy named Tony how he was. Tony responded to the greeting saying "I be's fine," which is grammatically incorrect. The teacher tried to correct him and asked him the question two times more. Tony became frustrated and responded negatively, not seeing where he went wrong with his answer. Delpit concludes that Tony must have questioned his teacher's intelligence, because she did not seem to understand him, however from where he comes from how…. [read more]

Accounting America Was Not Founded Term Paper

… Bush and other pro-Republicans consistently make disparaging remarks about the "liberal elite" who they claim are out of touch with the American heartland (as if any Texan oil tycoon can actually have a deep felt understanding of what it means to be a trailer-park parent in the heart of the south). These parties are intensely anti-intellectual. " By the 1990's, 'elitism. had become an all-purpose epithet, used by neoconservatives against the 'new class'... consisting of all political intellectuals with the exception of themselves... The Bushes ... represent aristocracy with a populist gloss, borrowing what they can from the evangelical revival, siding with business and its distaste for time-wasting mind work, holding intellectual talent in contempt from both above and below." (Gitlin, 2000) The fact that…. [read more]

Cultural Diversity Media Reaction Term Paper

… ¶ … Japanese food known as 'sushi' was virtually unknown in America. As awareness of the cuisine spread, eating sushi became the punch line of jokes about eating 'raw fish.' Then eating sushi became a kind of exotic cultural status, evidence of an elite individual's urbanity or embrace of the unusual and international. Now, the fact that platters of sushi are available even in supermarkets in the Midwest, according to a newspaper review in the Village Voice of the book the Sushi Economy by Sasha Issenberg, is commonly seen as evidence of America's cultural diversity and pluralism. Consumption of foodstuffs of other nation's products, and consuming them in the right, culturally appropriate fashion has become synonymous with cultural as well as economic globalization. Recall how…. [read more]

Cultural Awareness for Mexico Essay

… Mexico is an extremely diverse country that defines its cultural differences in a number of ways. Sharing a northern border with the United States and a Southern border with Guatemala, it is uniquely positioned between one of the world's Super Powers, and a region that is recently growing extremely quickly in its economic successes and influence on an international stage. Because of this location, Mexico is able to enjoy a culture that can take advantage of first world luxuries, while also holding fast to its humble roots. It is an extremely interesting culture, with many small facets that make up its larger identity.

One of the most commons ways of creating cultural subdivision is by identifying the culture with the northern, central, and south or…. [read more]

Tomorrow / Bright Before Us Term Paper

… In this way Locke emphasizes the hope of the Harlem Renaissance by basing the concept of race on culture and a function of intellect, rather than as a passive result of nature. Thus the Negro transcends the imposed concept of natural inheritence to instead focus on the self-generating concept of cultural inheritance.

It is from this argument that Locke derives the idea of race that is attached to meanings given by human beings in a sociocultural context rather than by nature. Locke combines this concept with physical science when he addresses the race issue in his essay, "The Problem of Race Classification." Here he reveals the shortcomings of science to provide proper criteria according to which race can be classified. Instead Locke stands by the…. [read more]

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