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Culture and Negotiations Globalization Research Paper

… Culture & Negotiations

Globalization has brought many benefits and potential growth opportunities for companies around the world. Companies may now expand their reach to sell their products to countries on the other side of the planet, but there are some issues that have to be approached and resolved prior to doing business overseas: the negotiations between company "A" in the United States and company "B" in Singapore, for example, have to take into account cultural differences and cultural traditions. This paper reviews some of the negotiation styles that need to be understood and practiced in the context of doing business in foreign lands.

When business representatives from different cultures meet in a negotiation setting there needs to be understanding of the cultural foundations of each…. [read more]

Globalization -A Effects Research Paper

… The rift between the west and the Islamic is due to lack of proper communication. The Muslims are not in support of the globalization since they find it to be more westernized, so they are finding their own way of globalizing themselves. For instance, they allow the use of internet among their followers to connect together to those people who share the same understanding of Islamic.

Many states of the Middle East are fiercely against the incorporation of globalization in their culture. They are adamant to some aspects of globalization so they cannot put up with some practices that come along with it. They strongly cling to their culture and they cannot change it to go with the trend of the modern world, so they…. [read more]

Globalization on Human Resource Management Essay

… Narrowing the job classifications:

Unlike previously when various jobs were being classified under different categories increasing the levels of job being performed, with the increased technology which comes hand in hand with globalization many of the banks have narrowed the job classification and enhanced workers skills in various levels. The gaps between managers and subordinates have been reduced and work is divided into specialized work teams trained for necessary skills and knowledge to perform the job at the optimum level. This narrowing of the job has enhanced workers skills in the areas of conception, execution and control of work.

Policies and legal concerns:

Greater focus has been made in the issues of employee rights and relations. Laws and regulations have been made to govern it…. [read more]

Globalization and China Globalization and the Pervasive Thesis

… Globalization and China

Globalization and the pervasive influence of the international economy have increasingly affected countries throughout the world since the 1970s. A central aspect that has facilitated this influence has been the development and sophistication of communication technologies and the Internet, which has to a large extent broken down the barriers between nations and cultures.

A common view of globalization is that it refers to the "…spread and connectedness of production, communication and technologies across the world. That spread has involved the interlacing of economic and cultural activity." (Globalization) While there are many interpretations and definitions of this phenomenon what is clear is that it has implications for social and cultural development as well as for economic development and communications.

China was previously a…. [read more]

Culture and Identity the Combined Structure Article

… ¶ … Culture and Identity


The combined structure of individual identity is a paramount or superior-ranking framework revolving around Erikson's paradigm of identity development and ambiguity as well as Marcia's (1966) identity status paradigm and the identity capital model (Cote, 1996). Particularly the concept of individual identity relates to possessing an established idea of self, which is inherently steady and sound (Erikson), which is premised on insightful commitments (Marcia) and which backs and fosters autonomous adult performance and incorporation into a certain adult society (Cote) (Schwartz, 2007a).

Thus, the individual identity structure is a higher ranking, multifaceted framework that contains components from Erikson's model, identity position and capital and formulates a model that adds more value altogether than the value taken from each of…. [read more]

Business Communication Across Cultures Essay

… The cultural information that people occupying those types of positions acquire proves invaluable and when done well result in positive results for their company.

Cross-cultural business communication is business communication among consumers or customers whose culture differs from that of the marketer's own culture in at least one fundamental aspect of cultural such as language, religion, social norms and values, education and living style. Cross-cultural business communication demands that firms be aware of and sensitive to cultural differences…Cross-cultural business communication requires that firms discover if markets are viable by including the study of the culture in which the company is going to do business in its business and marketing planning. To do this the firms should identify cultural factors that can be employed to support…. [read more]

Business Culture and Expansion Trends Research Paper

… From the North comes Kathak, which is understood for its utilization of even more than hundered ankle bells. Odissi is among the earliest dances which likewise come from holy places with the 'devadaisis.' Odissi as well has 2 various designs within it, Abhinaya (stylized) and the Nritta (non-representational). Manipuri dance is called after the North-Eastern area of Manipur from where it stemmed. Like numerous other Indian types, this type of dance is distinguished by slow-moving motions and essential hand motions. Each sort of dance represents its area, history and culture. It is remarkable the number of old designs of dance have actually been kept active throughout India (Doh, J., and Luthans, 2009).


There are various types of typical dresses in India which vary based…. [read more]

In Defense of Globalization Term Paper

… ¶ … Defense of Globalization

This present age has been described as the Era of Globalization. It has replaced the Roaring 20s, the Cold War and the Space Age (Porter 2005) and vastly differs from previous ages in many ways. Today, people the world over are more connected than at any other period in history. Communication and money move more rapidly. Products and services are turned out by one part of the world and become increasingly more available to other parts. International travel has also become more frequent and made the world appear small. Globalization has its own political, economic and cultural characteristics and forces, which allow businesses to operate as if there were no national boundaries, also allow social activists, labor organizations, journalists, teachers…. [read more]

Compression of Cities: Negotiation of Space Essay

… ¶ … compression of cities: Negotiation of space in Mathieu Kassovitz's "Hate," Charles Burnett's 'Killer of Sheep," and Jia Zhangke's "The World"

Cities contain our cultural myths, myths written onto space. Paris is the romantic city of culture and light. Los Angeles is the city where dreams come true. The city is a carnival, filled with delights and wonder. However, Mathieu Kassovitz's "Hate," Charles Burnett's "Killer of Sheep," and Jia Zhangke's "The World" all invert or mock these myths. For Kassovitz, Paris is a place of darkness and rioting, and hatred against 'darker' people. For Burnett, Lost Angeles is a place of entrapment rather than a place of upward mobility. And Zhangke's film is perhaps bleakest of all. "The World" is about resident workers of…. [read more]

Human Potential "Nothing Endures Essay

… (Schein 2009).

Rapid technological change and globalization among markets and competition have led to organizations all around the world to form coalitions with other organizations as part of their strategy for change. Strategic partnerships enable organizations to increase their reach without having to add fixed capacity -- to gain a measure of stability in a bumpy environment by planning jointly with organizations on different points on the value chain, to reduce uncertainty or manage power dependencies. (Thompson 1967; Aldrich 1979; Kanter 2003). However, with these changes come issues concerning capital markets, currency rates, political shifts, tax policy, resource markets and technology; all of these issues shape organization fates.

The important thing to know about change when undergoing the smallest change to a merger with an…. [read more]

Interaction Between Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Cultural Expression in Australia Term Paper

… ¶ … interaction between the Indigenous and the Non-Indigenous cultures of Australia. The author explores both populations and their cultures and compares them to each other the author then examines the method by which the cultures interact. There were six sources used to complete this paper.

Around the world the globalization process is blending communities and cultures (Bradfield, 2004). Whether it is knocking down previously imagined cultural walls, or actually dismantling a previous form of government and rebuilding from scratch the process marches forward. For Australians the process of globalizing seems to be at a standstill while moving ahead at the same time (Bradfield, 2004). The non-Indigenous and the Indigenous populations of Australia have spent years living side by side and recently began to interact…. [read more]

Leadership Skills Impact International Education Term Paper

… However, many people do not understand what leadership is and how it applies to the school environment. In their 1997 study of visionary companies, James Collins and Jerry Porras define leaders as people who "displayed high levels of persistence, overcame significant obstacles, attracted dedicated people, influenced groups of people toward the achievement of goals, and played key roles in guiding their companies through crucial episodes in their history."

This definition is very much in line with the definitions currently used for school leaders, although this definition has changed in recent years (Education Week, 2004). Until recent years, most research assumed that leadership did not have to come from the school principal (Riordan, 2003). The realization that improving instruction requires shifts in the behavior of school…. [read more]

Trade Agreements and Negotiations Term Paper

… On one hand though majority of the Americans believe that their nation will be an inevitable participant in the new global economy, they fail to understand that trade agreements implemented today will only determine the depth of America's position in the future world. They also don't understand that international trade and investment are significantly important to the growth and future of American businesses, regardless of size.

In America today, the problem lies in the fact that there is a widening gap between what they see and the reality, between global facts and figures and their own fear. Many Americans are of the view that trade especially in the international sphere leads to many people losing their jobs, rather than creating new ones for them, they…. [read more]

Effects of Colonization on Indigenous Communities Essay

… Similarly, colonization has positive impacts to the indigenous communities. Such include introduction of education, new farming techniques, and technology in the execution of different activities within the community, thereby, contributing to their well-being. Therefore, as much as most consider colonization to have contributed negatively to the indigenous communities, positive contributions should also be appreciated.

Works cited

Gann, Lewis H., and Peter Duignan. Colonialism in Africa, 1870-1960 [in 4 vols].. London: Cambridge U.P, 1969. Print.

Happle, Robert William. Globalization and the effects of colonialism and modern tourism on the West Indies. New York: Cengage, 2008. Print.

Hogan, Patrick Colm. Colonialism and cultural identity: crises of tradition in the anglophone literatures of India, Africa, and the Caribbean. New York: State University of New York Press, 2000. Print.…. [read more]

Media on the U.S. Society Research Paper

… A person's looks may mean nothing if the morals, values and beliefs of that person are not intact or if the person is a failure at leading life to benefit others and be sincere in what he or she does.

In the same way, the TV shows are promoting a culture which surrounds the freedom of these younger generations, giving them the power to do what they want and not be questioned for any of their actions. This reckless kind of life is increasingly becoming the subject of the TV commercials, serials and movies and this creates an urge in the young generations especially the teenagers to go ahead leading an adventurous life where everything seems like a mystery to them and they fail to…. [read more]

Organizational Dynamics of Coffee Essay

… The structure of any organization gives the primary template that help secure the continuation of the norms, culture, values philosophies and informal activities that part and parcel of the organization.

Duncan (1979) in his Article," What is the Right Organization?," argues that all organizations are undergoing change. These changes move from matrix to horizontal and finally to virtual according to An and Daft (2006).

There exist two general theories that are used to design the structures of organizations. First is the universalistic approach commonly called the standard hierarchical design? This approach is based on the belief that that there is only one way that best suits all the organizations during the structuring process the situations and prevailing conditions notwithstanding. This approach is also base on…. [read more]

What Education Experience Personality Traits and Skills Needed to Become a CFO Thesis

… ¶ … CFO?

There are several risks apparent when investigating issues relating to human subjects. One risk is that the study may have a detrimental impact on the subjects. Further risks are that the study may be skewed by human subjectivity. If questions are asked of the subjects, the answers may not be entirely honest, particularly if the subject is sensitive. Related to this risk is the potential that the study will be impacted by bias on the part of the researcher. This bias can find its way into the design of the research itself and guide the responses of the subjects.

There are no specific ethical issues regarding my study. The subjects are all adults from non-vulnerable groups. The study concerns their professional careers,…. [read more]

Natural Resources and Globalization Research Paper

… International media recently have initiated efforts that shed more light on the current functions and activities of Shell in the Niger Delta and contrasted the imbalance of those activities with the operations in the developed world (Ntdtv, 2009; Monitor, 2010).

It was back in 2009 that the problem entered the legislative phase from both national and international view. The former president of Nigeria (President Musa Yar'Adua) initiated an unconditional amnesty structure that was exercised in three different phases -- Disarmament, Demobilization and Reintegration (DDR). The positive impact was immediate and definite in those times as most of the militants gave up their weapons and invested their energy in learning and re-integrating in the economic structure but the fact of the matter was that there was…. [read more]

Managing Diversity Is a Fact Research Paper

… 15). As Figiel and Kummel Sasser point out, companies are comprised of people and people have prejudices that cannot be easily erased. A third general problem for Diversity is the different attitudes of different cultures. For example, Rich and Mihalek discuss a study involving a fictional job applicant who lies on his resume and showing that different cultures may act differently when faced with ethical problems. Focusing on students in order to determine how they will eventually behave in the workplace, Rich and Mihalek found that minority students "felt much stronger than the non-minority students that the liar was preventing a more qualified person from getting the job...felt a stronger sense of loyalty to the university...are more sensitive to ethical transgressions by their peers and…. [read more]

Ethics Violations in Private Sector Acquisitions & Government Research Paper

… The latter are all answerable to their individual organizations' executive boards. While public sector employees also have a kind of board to answer to, comprising of the legislature, minister, and cabinet members, they are additionally answerable to fellow employees, clients, citizen customers, and citizen non-customers. This form of accountability may be explained as being more subtle and tacit. Overall, it is answerability for their performance and their duty to offer an acceptable justification for their use of resources, influence, and position on taxpayers' behalf. Incorporated into the above definition are innumerable legal, ethical and moral responsibilities associated with public positions (Sarji, 1993).

To sum up, it is obligatory to perform assigned tasks responsibly and to answer for one's botches or achievements. When…. [read more]

Women in Leadership the Characteristics and Advantage Research Paper

… Women in Leadership: The Characteristics and Advantage of Women

Women in Leadership

Women in Leadership: Obstacles to the Characteristics and Advantages of Women

The issue of women in leadership has been a focus of debate and discussion across many disciplines in recent years. This debate is also linked to topics such women's rights and gender inequalities in modern society. These issues have been engendered by the fact that there is a gross disparity in terms of gender when it comes to leadership roles in modern corporations and organization. The contention that underlies this debate is the marginalization of women and the prejudiced perception of gender. Many critics note that these disparities are a direct result of perceptions and stereotyped that emanate from a male-centered and…. [read more]

Rains Quoted 'Whose Knowledge Counts? Essay

… Works cited:

Armitage, Andrew, "Comparing the Policy of Aboriginal Assimilation: Australia, Canada, and New Zealand," (UBC Press, 01.01.2011)

Garas, Dimitri, and Godinho, Sally, "Configuring of Masculinity in an Ethnocentric Community School," Retrieved February 19, 2013, from the Australia ECU University Website:

Harrington, Marilyn, "Australian Government funding for schools explained," Retrieved February 19, 2013, from the Parliament of Australia Website:

Reld, Ian, "WHAT IS NEEDED TO MAKE AUSTRALIA A KNOWLEDGE-DRIVEN AND LEARNING-DRIVEN SOCIETY?," Retrieved February 22, 2013, from the Business/Higher Education Round Table Website:

Rumsey, Alan, and Weiner, James F., "Emplaced Myth: Space, Narrative, and Knowledge in Aboriginal Australia and Papua New Gunea," (University of Hawaii Press, 2001)

Singh, Parlo, "Speaking About Cultural Difference and School Disadvantage. An Interview Study of 'Samoan' Paraprofessionals…. [read more]

ASEAN the Study Term Paper

… A majority of the ASEAN initiative ideas surface from the sectoral associations as an outcome of combined recognition, talks, negotiations, and development conventions. In certain instances, novel, rising precedence needing instant performances can also be converted into a new project.

The endeavor of ASEAN was to augment the competitive advantage as a manufacturing centre slated for the global marketplace. A vital stride in this path is the globalization of business in the area by abolishing the interregional tax and non-tax blockades. The outcome of globalization renders the production businesses of ASEAN to be more productive and more competitive in the international market. Concurrently, consumers are positive to buy products from other competent manufacturers in the ASEAN fold, therefore increasing conduction of business among the ASEAN…. [read more]

European Union a State Research Paper

… Whereas, the democracy provided by the EU is mainly "with the people" and "for the people" and is mostly done through this vast process of the intermediation of the interest; this is also known as "Community Model" (Schmidt and Monnet, 2004).

Because of such a fragmented democracy the legitimization of EU has been questioned as, EU is compared to the nation-states, whereas, if EU was considered as a regional state the lack of democracy that is sometimes observed at the EU level won't seem as much troublesome as it is mostly presented. But the national democracy's problem turns out to be really big with regards to the EU; however, the effect of EU on the member state's traditional working is great because of the shortage…. [read more]

Negotiating With the Chinese Research Paper

… ¶ … Yin and the Yang of Western-Chinese Negotiations

It is easy for Westerners to blame the Chinese side when it comes down to contract misunderstandings. Unfortunately, Western management has often been its very own worst enemy in China. If they do not understand the cultural nuances of the country in which they have come to negotiate, they will fail in negotiating contracts that are advantageous to them. While this many seem simple, westerners constantly fail because they are not able to step out of their world view and put themselves in the position of those on the other side. The Chinese negotiator does not possess an exact negotiating style but rather embraces a several roles together Confucian and Maoist together. Socialist and communist tendencies…. [read more]

Intercultural Issues in Offshoring of Hyundai to the U.S Literature Review

… ¶ … SHORING of HYUNDAI to the U.S.

Intercultural issues in offshoring of Hyundai to the U.S.

Off-shoring is a business practice that has taken root with the light of technological innovations and globalization of the world's economies. Globalization of the economy has seen leading multinational corporations stem and establish themselves as conquering empires in the economic sector. Several inbuilt and small organized corporations have been able to expand and venture into new worlds, which they would, otherwise have not managed in the previous times (Matthews & Thakkar, 2012). The companies and business establishments that used to operate within the local markets has been able to engage in the vast world economies; by expanding their operations to other physical locations of the world. Most off…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Adult Education Within Human Resources Term Paper

… Meanwhile, a scholarly and well-thought-out piece in Adult Education Quarterly (Glastra, et al., 2004), speaks to many issues within the context of "Lifelong Learning" (LLL), and sees the big picture of today's workplace and learning dynamics. Indeed, the article, which was published in August, is entitled, "Lifelong Learning as Transitional Learning," and emphasizes from the outset that "Globalization and individualization have radically changed both the economic system and the personal life world in industrial or postindustrial nation-states."

Building a good life, Glastra explains, "has become an individual responsibility demanding reflexivity and skills." How do the present approaches with reference to LLL "relate to the requirements of a competitive economy, on one hand, and the good life on the other hand," Glastra asks. And moreover, how…. [read more]

Soft Systems Techniques Dissertation

… The execution time for the transition can also affect the perceived cost - benefit relationship. The new system must begin to return applicable benefit to the organization within a planned amount of time, or else the transition will begin to be opposed by those involved

Figure 2: Critical Mass of Transition Process.

This is the situation in which IMS Group currently finds themselves. Managing this change process, from Pre-planning through the resolution of the last bug and glitch is the responsibility of an IT consultant, and the focus of this project.

The web was designed principally as a mechanism for information access - to some extent a form of collaboration in its own right. However, it is not at all obvious how this existing infrastructure…. [read more]

English Right of Set-Off Term Paper

… And, according to the Court of Appeals, claims that are merely contingent at the relevant date, but are not "due" are not employed in a set-off.

The right of combination differs from the right of set-off because, unlike set-off which assumes independent obligations between parties, combination allows full balancing of all liabilities. Unless there is an express or implied agreement to keep accounts separate, even accounts that are different in nature have been considered to be automatically combined in determining the final balance upon insolvency. The cases do not seem to offer a perfectly predictable rule, but generally there is an implied agreement that a loan account in debit and a current account in credit should be treated as separate. Unlike the right of set-off,…. [read more]

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