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Culture and Identity the Combined Structure Article

… ¶ … Culture and Identity

Identity

The combined structure of individual identity is a paramount or superior-ranking framework revolving around Erikson's paradigm of identity development and ambiguity as well as Marcia's (1966) identity status paradigm and the identity capital model (Cote, 1996). Particularly the concept of individual identity relates to possessing an established idea of self, which is inherently steady and sound (Erikson), which is premised on insightful commitments (Marcia) and which backs and fosters autonomous adult performance and incorporation into a certain adult society (Cote) (Schwartz, 2007a).

Thus, the individual identity structure is a higher ranking, multifaceted framework that contains components from Erikson's model, identity position and capital and formulates a model that adds more value altogether than the value taken from each of…. [read more]


Sociology Which Is More Important Essay

… Included in this are: 1) that behavior depends upon a termed or categorized world and also that these labels hold meaning by means of shared reactions as well as behavioral anticipations that outgrow social interaction. 2) That one of the groups or classes is symbols which have been accustomed to designate positions within the social structure. 3) That individuals who act within the backdrop of social structure name each other in the sense of acknowledging each other as habitants of positions as well as come to have anticipations for all those other people. 4) That individuals behaving in the backdrop of social structure additionally name themselves and build internalized meanings as well as anticipations regarding their personal behavior. 5) That these kinds of anticipations as…. [read more]


Socially-Constructed Societies / Cultures: Transmigrants and Transnationals Essay

… It is notable that Massey's thesis in his discourse centers its attention to the political and economic dynamics of migration, without any discussion of the social implications that international migration have contributed to American society (a core country) and the peripheral and semi-peripheral countries (mostly from the Asian and Middle Eastern regions).

The pluralist or multicultural model is reflected in discourses written by Kennedy, Matthews, and Schiller. In Paul Kennedy and Victor Roudometof's article entitled, "Transnationalism in a global age," the authors posits that "transnationalism communities and cultures need to be understood as constituting a much wider and more commonplace phenomenon" (1). Deviating from the socio-economic and political theory of Massey, Kennedy and Roudometof focus on the social and cultural developments of migration in the…. [read more]


Morality and Culture Essay

… ¶ … culture and morality. In other words it deals with the question: Is morality relative to culture? Proponents of so called "cultural relativism," sometimes also called "moral relativism" or "ethical relativism" argue that different cultures obtain varying moral codes. "If there is no transcendent moral or ethical standard, then often culture arguably seems to become the ethical norm for determining whether an action is right or wrong" (see Anderson: 1). Culture and cultural dimensions are considered the collective horizon representing a specific social reality. American anthropologist and cultural relativist Ruth Benedict in Patterns of Culture (1934) said: "Morality differs in every society and is a convenient term for socially approved habits" (as cited by Kehl: 2). The paper will show that the doctrine of…. [read more]


Intergenerational Relationships in Identity Construction Every Night Thesis

… ¶ … Intergenerational Relationships in Identity Construction

Every night, I have the same nightmare.

I search through a crowd of people on an endless expanse of green lawn, pushing past bow-tied waiters in white uniforms who carry trays piled high with biscuits, sandwiches, and tea. [….] Beyond the garden, there is a pavilion trimmed in teak, furnished with cane-backed chairs where the pale, white ghosts of British officers and their wives, the founders of this place, whose names are still etched on the plaques at the front entrance, congregate to laugh at the antics of the natives, swirling their gin and scotch, clinking their glasses. [….] I am distracted by voices behind me, calling my name. [….] These are the all familiar characters from stories…. [read more]


Culture: Literary Imagination and Cultural Identity Language Thesis

… ¶ … Culture: Literary Imagination and Cultural Identity

Language and discourse are at the root of all human societies. No human world can exist without communication. This communication occurs on many levels and frequencies. In addition to the everyday language used to communicate ideas and decisions, these ideas and decisions can be taken to a further level, on which power is depicted. Power is often a collective, sociological construct, in which the power of the collective is greater than the power of the individual. Indeed, individuals tend to submit to the power of the greater whole; the power of society as a collective entity. In many ways, such power is necessary in order to ensure the smooth functioning of society. However, it is inevitable that,…. [read more]


Human Resources Managing Organisational Culture Dissertation

… d).

Understanding of organisational culture and cultural types also helps the understanding of why managerial reforms may impact differently within and between organisations. An organisation with a predominantly internal process culture, for example, may be more resistant to reforms aimed at promoting innovation. It is expected that staff in high uncertainty avoidance cultures to be more concerned with rule-following and more reluctant to risk changing jobs - both factors of some importance for those reformers who want to deregulate bureaucracies and encourage more rapid job change in the public service'. Businesses in both the private and public sectors have come to understand that organisational change frequently requires changing the organisation's culture and learning (O'Donnell & Boyle, 2008).

Whatever the purpose and performance results of culture…. [read more]


Hip Hop Culture in Saudi Arabia Research Paper

… Hip Hop Culture in Saudi Arabia

Culture and globalization

Culture which refers to the symbolic systems Williams 91()

through which human beings exist and coexist has been globalized by taking ideas, values and meanings across national borders through international travel and the Internet. These global shifts in culture are seen to be creating rapid social changes in the society with some proponents of culture being seriously dislocated Thompson 214.

Globalization is the homogenization of culture not just in a spatial but also in a temporal manner Thompson 211.

It is manifested in various ways such as business, religion, language, sports, music and even cuisine.

Culture is closely related to other items such as identity and subjectivity. As argued by Thompson (217)

culture creates social identities…. [read more]


Caribbean and Filipino Culture Essay

… Filipino Latinos are created by a similar process of amalgamation but the pieces that the amalgamation is based on are different. Filipino Latinos contain elements of European culture and language in the form of Spanish (the colonial power in this part of the Pacific for key eras) and European culture as mediated through the United States.

Filipino Latinos, of course, are a part of the story of a number of the most important Asian cultures in a way that parallels the ways in which African cultures have been threaded through Caribbean Latino culture. Both Caribbean and Filipino Latinos are mixtures of racial and cultural elements, but the specific elements that went into these mixtures. Filipino Latino culture has been much more about Asia than Africa.…. [read more]


Computer Hacker Culture and Subcultures the Explosion Term Paper

… Computer Hacker Culture and Subcultures

The explosion of global computer networking, and the increased reliance on computer technology, has made the study of computer hacker culture and subculture an increasingly important topic. According to Holt (2007), computer hackers are often viewed as being pathological individuals, rather than community members. However, the reality is that hackers have established social groups. These groups provide support, training, expertise, journals, and conferences for there members. As such, this paper explores hacker culture and subcultures. To this end, an overview of hackers and the quantity of hacks will be presented. This will be followed by the different aspects of hacker culture will be explored. Lastly, a general assessment of Forecast 4 will be presented.

Computer Hacker Culture and Subcultures

Introduction:…. [read more]


Structure and Texture in the Good Soldier and Parade's End by FM Ford Term Paper

… Structure and Texture in Ford's The Good Soldier And Parade's End

As Graham Greene once wrote on the subject of Ford Madox Ford, "No one in our century except James has been more attentive to the craft of letters. He was not only a designer; he was a carpenter: you feel in his work the love of the tools and the love of the material" (Greene 1962, p. 8). In what follows, we intend to explore the ways in which Ford both designed and engineered what are perhaps his two greatest novels, the Good Soldier and Parade's End. Through a rigid analysis of both the formal and textual aspects of Ford's work, we hope to expose those qualities that contributed to Ford's development as one…. [read more]


Perceived Effect of Culture on Event Leadership Research Proposal

… ¶ … perceived effect of culture on event leadership style at the Jet Metropolitan Night Club Thailand?

Event managers all over the world fear that they may end up loosing their jobs. Research shows that nearly 25% managers loose their jobs when companies streamline their business processes and rely more on teamwork to do the job. Versteeg (1990) outlined two typical aspects of managerial jobs that lure managers into looking away from adopting business structures which depend on high performing teams from different cultural and social backgrounds: they are accustomed to be in control; and they are inclined to having perks and privileges. Some of the most common perks and privileges include: reserved parking; executive bathrooms; and time cards.

These along with other perks that…. [read more]


Managing Organizational Culture Dissertation

… ¶ … opportunity exists for the company to expand internationally by setting up operations in the emerging economies of China and India. The question to consider is how to build cultural harmony between the facilities operating in three different countries. The question of whether it would be better to establish a certain national organizational culture is likely would be considered in this report. cultures of the United Kingdom, India and China is presented. The organizational cultures prevalent in China and India are more collectivistic and marked by high power distance than the organizational cultures in the United Kingdom. There are other differences such as the importance of status in China and family tradition in India, whereas in the United Kingdom principles of utility and economic…. [read more]


Business Culture and Expansion Trends Research Paper

… From the North comes Kathak, which is understood for its utilization of even more than hundered ankle bells. Odissi is among the earliest dances which likewise come from holy places with the 'devadaisis.' Odissi as well has 2 various designs within it, Abhinaya (stylized) and the Nritta (non-representational). Manipuri dance is called after the North-Eastern area of Manipur from where it stemmed. Like numerous other Indian types, this type of dance is distinguished by slow-moving motions and essential hand motions. Each sort of dance represents its area, history and culture. It is remarkable the number of old designs of dance have actually been kept active throughout India (Doh, J., and Luthans, 2009).

Dress

There are various types of typical dresses in India which vary based…. [read more]


School Culture on School Safety Term Paper

… According to the National School Safety Center (1995) creating safe schools is about commitment. That does not mean only commitment from the principal, or from the teachers, or from the students. Accomplishing such a goal requires families, schools, and community leaders to talk about the quality of the educational environment they want to provide for youth and together develop the strategies that will produce the desired results.

This type of cohesive commitment is the only real way that schools can be made safer, as one person cannot do it alone, and communities must express the desire to make schools safer and therefore give the students a better school life and more hope for the future. The Center also suggests that achieving these goals requires leaders…. [read more]


Gender and Identity Term Paper

… Postmodernist theory suggests that socialized roles are not static, nor are they transmitted faithfully to individuals, but rather the individual interacts dynamically with the role. "Children [have] agency in learning gender. They are not passively 'socialized into a sex role... they do this actively, and on their own terms..." (Connell 2002, 15) Gender becomes not a role, but a "project" -- something which is willingly undertaken and engaged. Essentially, postmodernists suggest that gender does not create identity, but rather that identity creates individual gender.

Major Theory Critiques

If one could require a single litmus test of all sociological or psychological theories, it would be that they ought not fly in the face of actual experience and basic common sense. As sound as a theory may…. [read more]


Sociology Introducing Alexa Madison Essay

… As Anderson (1994) points out, "Of all the problems besetting the poor inner-city black community, none is more pressing than that of interpersonal violence and aggression," (1). Ethics "on the street" are difficult to navigate, as issues like respect rise to the surface among a community that has been systematically subjugated and oppressed. When African-Americans continue to experience obstacles to achieving success within the structures of the dominant culture, efforts are met with frustration that too often finds its venting domestically. Domestic or spousal abuse is not the only ways that women find themselves doubly subject to persecution in the society. African-American women experience discrimination in their own community because of their gender.

Rather than bonding together, women would occasionally stab each other in the…. [read more]


Black History and Black Identity: A Call Book Review

… Black History and Black Identity: A Call for a New Historiography. Book by W.D. Wright; Praeger

Wright, W.D. Black History and Black Identity: A Call for a New Historiography. New York:

Praeger, 2002, pp. 247.

What does it mean to be a Black historian? The Professor Emeritus of History at Southern Connecticut State University W.D. Wright takes up this challenge in his new book on Black History and Black Identity: A Call for a New Historiography. Wright argues that too often, the history of Black Americans has been diluted by combining it with histories of Afro-Caribbean people, or of treating blackness solely as a race or geographic category. By grappling with the definition of what constitutes Black as opposed to African history, Wright structures his…. [read more]


Urban Culture Term Paper

… Graffiti is an urban art form that is unique to the city, but one in which anyone can participate as an artist.

The significance of fashion, of wearing one's clothes as art is also an element of urban visual culture. The reason that so many fashion trends spring from the city is not simply the location of wealth and talent in these areas, but the fact that individuals are more often driven out onto the streets, out of small apartments to 'show themselves' to one another. Who one is in such an anonymous environment is not immediately known, as in a small town, how one looks and what one wears defines who one is on the street, at any moment.

It is also noteworthy that…. [read more]


Britain: The Cultural Identity of a Colonizing Term Paper

… ¶ … Britain: The cultural identity of a colonizing nation through communal self-Awareness and consciousness

Imagined Communities, Beyond Imagined Communities and the Island Race allow us to conceptualize the concept of Britain as a derived nation-state, where the derivation mirrors that of any state, especially one which, throughout its history, has had a history of colonization.

Imagined Communities, by Anderson, posits the following definition of nationalism: it is an imagined political community that is imagined as both inherently limited and sovereign. It is imagined because members will never know most of their fellow-members, yet in the minds of each lives the image of their communion. It is limited because it has finite, though elastic boundaries beyond which lie other nations. It is sovereign because it…. [read more]


Adopted the Hierarchical Structure Term Paper

… Class 4, the dynamic-complex fit, is has the highest perceived uncertainty level, mainly due to the strong influence of the environment within the organization's complex structure (overlapping divisions of labor and task assignments, e.g., telecommunications industry).

The theory of strategic choice conceived and proposed by John Child in 1972 gave birth to the emergence of strategy implementation within organizations. Basically, this theory posits that: (1) environment is just one of the many factors that directly affect organizational structure; and (2) organization design is largely influenced by intra-organizational politics ("power plays").

Strategy implementation within an organization involves taking into account the environmental constraints, organizational objectives, and culture of the decision makers within it. An organization may choose to focus on either one of the following factors;…. [read more]


Organisational Cultures Term Paper

… Instead, many of these changes appear to have been made for but for economic reasons (Warne et al., 2002).

When market approaches were introduced in the 1990s, the Private Finance Initiative (PFI) was implemented, as well. The PFI involved the private ownership of public capital assets.

Soon after, the New Labour Party was presented with the immediate and challenging task of dealing with an insolvent NHS. The PFI had changed the structure and organisation of the NHS.

In 1997, NHS Trusts and Health Authorities had a debt of about £1 billion. The internal market, which had been created by the Conservative government in the early 1990s, had failed to bring in the benefits expected from markets, including more consumer-led services, fewer costs, and an improved…. [read more]


Self-Realization and Identity in Zora Annotated Bibliography

… Throughout her childhood, her relationships with nature, and her marriages to Logan, Joe, and Tea Cake, respectively, Janie was able to learn about herself and grow into the strong, independent woman that Hurston believed modern women of her time should be. Hurston heralds freedom, identity, and equality to men in her story of Janie's self-realization. An important aspect of Janie's search for identity is that it be free of the influences she had grown up with; her grandmother associated her vision for Janie with being white. Yet Hurston writes Janie as being proud and comfortable as her own race in the end, thus implying that Nanny's vision was flawed and representative of the culture. Janie's straight, caucasian-like hair is used against her throughout her journey,…. [read more]


HIV Prevention Cultural Change Typically Essay

… Thus, levels of power are determined according to cultural differences that have been subscribed and dominated based on ethnic (usually physical or religious) differences. Ranks within culture are central to our understanding of cultural variation because the describe the actual fundamental issues that often result in cultural change. Typically, this change occurs because the dominant group takes on the higher rank, with lower ranked groups taking a subordinate position -- resulting in ethnocentrism and eventually the desire of the subdominant group to overthrow, integrate into, or change the position and levels -- causing a deep chasm and eventually cultural change (Harrison and Kagan, eds., 2006).

For many scholars, social inequality combined with a level of mistrust, resource issues, and behavioral differences are the typical end…. [read more]


Organizations the Structure Essay

… The second reality of this type of structure is that it is flexible. "The British advantage [lies] in a tradition of flexibility, based upon the fact that throughout the colonial policing campaigns of the past they had been forced to make do with only limited resources" (Cassidy, 2005). This flexibility of force can be seen in the training that the soldiers receive. The individual is not stuck doing one specific job. People cross-qualify to add redundancy to a small force. Unlike the U.S. military, people are able to pick up where another, even someone with a different primary job title, is absent. Other organizations can learn that they need to be efficient and well-trained. Also, "research indicates military teams perform more successfully when team members…. [read more]


Post Soviet Culture Term Paper

… Post-Soviet Culture

The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, or USSR, was developed in 1922, and lasted until its dissolution in 1991, with the development of the Russian Federation. With the dissolution of the U.S.S.R., fifteen independent states were developed these included: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan ("Soviet Union"). All thanks to the actions of Mikhail Gorbachev.

It was the mid to late 1980s when Gorbachev first introduced the concept of glasnost, or openness. Glasnost combined with Gorbachev's ideas of perestroika, or restructuring, was an attempt to modernize Communism and the U.S.S.R. However, inadvertently, Gorbachev spurred the forces that would cause the splintering of the U.S.S.R., into the fifteen republics ("Russia"). This paper will…. [read more]


Compare and Contrast Two Minority Cultures in NM Essay

… New Mexico: Mexican-Americans and Native Americans

New Mexico is particularly recognized for the multitude of cultures residing within its borders. Although a great deal of people cannot tell the difference between Native Americans and Mexican-Americans, these two ethnic groups are actually very different in culture and traditions. The most plausible reason for which the masses find it difficult to distinguish between Mexicans Americans in New Mexico and Native Americans in New Mexico is because the two ethnic groups are very similarly in genetics. Also, the fact that both groups have their origins on the American continent contributes to their association.

In order for most people to understand how Mexican-Americans are different from Native Americans one can take into consideration Hispanics and Amerindians. Mexican-Americans are Hispanic…. [read more]


Teens and Media Influences Research Paper

… Teens and the Media

One prominent theory, Erik Erikson's Theory of Human Psychological Development breaks the entire human life cycle into stages. Each unique stage represents a generalized approach between the individual and the world, running from infancy to geriatric behavior. Even spanning time and culture, within each of these stages, a developmental period exhibits universal patterns (Weiten, 1995)the life-span developmental framework has, in fact, been utilized by social scientists for decades. The power of the combination of Erikson and Life-Span Development is that they uniquely focus on biological, cultural, socio-historical, and non-normative influences to provide us with a framework with which to understand and explain the particular stage a specific issue might have -- in my case, teenage years and the resultant angst, rebellion,…. [read more]


Modernism and Culture Studies Annotated Bibliography

… The subsequent articles expand how individual works are perceived in the context of modernist canon: Syndey Bufkin, in a bid to connect romantic traditions with a utopian novel, re-contextualizes Dark Princess by W.E.B. Du Buois – a work frequently deemed to be propagandist in nature. Lastly, Timothy C. Baker examines A Scots Quair by James Leslie Mitchell, historically regarded closely in Scot literary canon, revealing its applicability to modernist notions of romance and fiction.

Crary, Jonathan. Suspensions of Perception: Attention, Spectacle, and Modern Culture. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1999. Print.

This work, which concentrates on the era between 1880 and 1905, explores the links between subjectivity’s modernization and the remarkable growth and development of auditory/visual culture. The crux of this work is contemporary…. [read more]


health care org culture Research Paper

… Computers were starting to become more common in businesses, and the United States had just signed its first trade agreement, a sign of things to come. The Eastern Bloc was crumbling, remaking the world order on top of all this. These external forces were combining to bring about a more rapid pace of change to the world, and to organizations, than had been seen for decades. As a result, organizations and management theorists started to conceptualize how organizations could better equip themselves for such changes. One of these conceptualizations was the learning organization.

Senge and Sterman defined organizational learning as "process whereby shared understandings and strategies change," the implication being that a learning organization is one that employs such a process. The pace of external…. [read more]

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