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Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors With Mandatory Reporting Systems and Computer Technology Term Paper

… Healthcare: Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors

Healthcare

Addressing the Issue of Medical Errors with Mandatory

Reporting Systems and Computer Technology

To combat the current crisis of deaths due to preventable medical errors the health care industry and lawmakers have taken two approaches. The first is the implementation of a system of mandatory reporting systems. The solution is to crate an atmosphere in hospitals that fosters less blame, not more, according to the IOM report. A blue-ribbon pane appointed by the IOM argues that the failure to acknowledge and analyze mistakes deprives hospitals of important information that could help prevent similar mistakes in the future. However, many in the healthcare industry argue that mandatory reporting of errors will foster an atmosphere of lawsuits and backlash…. [read more]


Healthcare Schuylkill County Research Paper

… By age group, however, we see a different paradigm:

< 5 years

5-24 years

25-44 years

45-64 years

>65 years

Birth Defects

Accidents

Accidents

Cancer

Heart Disease

Accidents

Suicide

Cancer

Heart Disease

Cancer

Suicide

Accidents

Stroke

Heart Disease

Respiratory

Respiratory

Respiratory

Stroke

Adult Behavioral Health Risks- Based on diagonsis, warning signs, and have been medically counseled on issues: Obesity (64%); Flu Shots (51%); Smoking (21%) HIV (37%); Asthma (10%; Alcoholism (6%).

Insurance Coverage -- About 22,000 are enrolled in insurance programs, or only 15% of the total population. Many consider this to be a high risk of morbidity due to individuals then only seeing physicians during emergency needs.

Hospitals/Nursing Homes -- 4 total hospitals, 14 certified nursing homes.

Drug and Alcohol Treatment - 81% of…. [read more]


Data Mining Techniques in a Healthcare Discussion Chapter

… ¶ … data mining techniques in a healthcare data warehouse" by Silver (et al.) deploys a case study approach to examine how data mining can be used in clinical support systems to reduce costs in an increasingly cash-strapped healthcare environment. The specific focus was upon unprofitable DRGs [diagnosis-related groups] and attempted to discern the negative financial impact of specific types of Medicaid and Medicare patients upon a facility (Silver et al. 2001, p. 159). The study utilized online analytical processing (OLAP) tools to facilitate effective data mining techniques. Two techniques for data mining were involved: patient rule induction method (PRIM) and weighted item sets (WIS). The latter is a type of statistical associative technique used to find relationships between seemingly unrelated sets of data. "…. [read more]


Rural Healthcare Term Paper

… ¶ … Rural Healthcare Facilities

Context of the Problem

Twenty-five percent of the total population in the United States are living in rural areas and compared with urban Americans and healthcare facilities in rural areas generally serve low-income, the elderly, and individuals who are less informed and armed with less knowledge concerning health care prevention measures. Moreover, rural individuals accessing healthcare in rural facilities face barriers to healthcare such as fewer doctors, hospitals and health resources in generation and face difficulty in accessing health services.

Hospital closures and other market changes have adversely affected rural areas, leaving State and Federal policymakers, and others concerned about access to health care in rural America. Considerable changes in the health care delivery system over the past decade have…. [read more]


Impact Illegal Aliens on the Healthcare System Term Paper

… ¶ … Illegal Aliens on the Healthcare System

Running Page: INSULT to INJURY

Illegal Aliens' Impact on U.S. Health Care System

The chronic problem of illegal immigrants' sharing costly, abundant and expert healthcare services system with citizens has mounted through the years. One reason is the lack of effective legislations to modify immigration laws. Another is a duality of federal policy, which vows to serve the interests of citizens and which declares an "open-door" policy to the world. California and Maryland register large populations of illegal aliens who not only share their taxpayers' social benefits. They can also secure what, in some cases, is not available even to these taxpayers themselves. A thorough study on the current situation and past efforts is warranted and more…. [read more]


Policy Analysis in Health Care Literature Review

… Policy Analysis

Issues in Healthcare Policy Analysis: Current Standings, Theoretical Implications, and Impacts on Care: A Literature Review

An issue of increasing public attention and governmental concern for all nations in the modern era is healthcare policy -- how healthcare should be distributed, regulated, and paid for, to be specific. While the central issues of healthcare policy can be stated quite simply, though, actually contending with these issues and creating effective healthcare policy that properly cares for the needs of a given nation's citizens is a far more complex and difficult task. The many different considerations of finances, health outcomes, and ethical principles along with the ever-present problem of how to provide the best balance of services using limited resources make for heated debates and…. [read more]


Movement Toward Electronic Medical Records Chapter

… ¶ … Movement toward Electronic Medical Records

In the recent years, the United States of America's healthcare system has been riddled with criticisms. According to Fung (2012), the healthcare system is complex, expensive, and riddled with inefficiencies in quality of care. Poor quality of healthcare is closely associated with professional practice, health care products, procedures, and systems, including prescribing; order communication; product labeling, packaging, and nomenclature; compounding; dispensing; distribution; administration; education; monitoring; and use." Improved quality of care can reduce mortality rate in the healthcare sector. According to Gabriel (2008), EMRs are instrumental in enhancing quality of heathcare. Gill (2009), explains that the United States has well received the EMR in outpatient settings. The government has slated over $20 billion of the federal economic stimulus…. [read more]


Coal Mining Essay

… ¶ … Coal mining [...] black lung disease in the mining communities of Kentucky, and the miners' resistance to getting proper health care screening for the disease.

A barrier to care in the coal mining community is the miners' fears that they might have black lung and can no longer work or provide for their families, so they just continue to labor in the mines without adequate screening. On top of this barrier, many miners believe they will lose their jobs if they get a screening. One miner said, "I was afraid they'd make me quit" (Ungar, 2009). In addition, although there are laws regarding black lung, the coal companies fight every case of black lung they can in the courts, leading to a feeling…. [read more]


Health Sciences Information Resources Ernst Term Paper

… The field of pharmacogenomics or science of creating medicines that are personalized to ones genes will also be more accessible thanks to technological advances of the future (Weiss, 2000).

The biggest changes will occur in the field of telemedicine, which will allow high tech and quality health care throughout the world, including in hard to reach third world countries (Aday, Begley, Lairson & Slater, 1993). Among the improvements planned for the future include improved cardiac imaging systems which healthcare providers can access via secure connections on the Web almost anywhere in the world (Truelove, 2000).

Trend Digital Reference Services Academic Health Science Libraries

The subject of information technology and biotechnological trends has much relevance to the provision of health services and health information. Trends currently…. [read more]


Electronic Health Record-Keeping (Ehrs) Article Review

… However, according to Gardner (2013) in her article, "The healthcare approach to big data," many healthcare organizations remain suspicious of IT. This may be due to the fact that the current methods of mining clinical data enthused about by Jensen, Jensen and Brunak (2012) must be viewed with caution. Instead of complaining that healthcare organizations have failed to value IT sufficiently compared with other industries, it must be asked why this is the case. In the drive for standardization, a great deal of valuable clinical insight may be lost from qualitative observations of clinicians scrawled on charts. "Big Data proponents now say it isn't necessary-or even desirable-to take structured data too much farther than it's already gone" (Gardner 2013). Also, not all sources of healthcare…. [read more]


Data Mining in Healthcare Information Systems Case Study

… Data Mining in Healthcare Information Systems

Case Study of a Veterans' Administration Spinal Cord Injury Population

The business problem that initiated the use of Business Intelligence and the original goal in this case were to reduce the length of stay (LOS) and the associated costs for the hospital administration. Since the cost totals were predicted to be at around $7.2 to $9.5 billion per year for the VHA, thorough analysis for the implementation of BI Software was needed.

The data sources used came from the national database, and local operational databases. The national database was in conjunction with the VA Hospital Information Systems and Technology Architecture (VistA), while the nursing and personal information were derived from the hospitals local operations.

The type of data repository…. [read more]


Data Mining Determine the Benefits Research Paper

… 2. Assess the reliability of the data mining algorithms. Decide if they can be trusted and predict the errors they are likely to produce.

It is very important to test the results that are generated by the data mining algorithms in order to validate them as being reliable. There are chances that some patterns which will be discovered with the help of data mining algorithms won't actually be valid as they might have been discovered in the test data however, they won't exist in the general population of data. Following are the three ways through which the accuracy of data mining can be measured:

1. Accuracy,

2. Reliability and

3. Usefulness.

3. Analyze privacy concerns raised by the collection of personal data for mining purposes.…. [read more]


Data Mining, a Process Essay

… These are useful in the process of improving the level of customer service (Hui and Jha, 2001).Data mining can therefore be used successfully in bioinformatics, retrieval of information, adaptive hypermedia as well as electronic commerce as noted by Chen and Liu (2005).Data mining can therefore be at the center of Strategic Customer Relationship Management System (SCRMS) activities to be used in the collection, integration as well as diagnosis of various customer-related data. When used in CRM it can help in the analysis of the business problem, preparation of data requirements, building of a suitable model to be used in solving a business problem as well as in the validation as well as evaluation of the designed model. Predictive analytics can therefore be used in CRM…. [read more]


Development of Health Management System in Saudi Arabia Research Proposal

… Healthcare in Saudi Arabia

Project Title: Development of Health Management Systems in Saudi Arabia

Geopolitical Overview

Within the global healthcare model there are various expressions of appropriateness of care. In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, for instance, healthcare has always been the purview of the government, funded at the behest of the ruling family, designed for a predominately young or middle aged population, and certainly not designed for the increasing urbanization and economic improvements that oil and natural gas have brought to the region. In addition, changing demographics in the Kingdom make it necessary to rethink the model of healthcare.

A geopolitical and cultural background of the country and comparison with the region is first provided to engage the reader in the synergism between these…. [read more]


Human Machine Interface E-Iatrogenesis Capstone Project

… E-iatrogenesis: Human-Machine Interface

e-Iatrogenesis: Chapters 1 and 2

Rationale, Issues, and Hypothesis

Rationale for Topic Selection

With the publication of the Institute of Medicine's (IOM) 2000 landmark report, to Err is Human, the public, their representatives, and the medical profession woke up to the fact that seeking medical care increases the risk of injury and death. At the time, best estimates suggested that between 44,000 and 98,000 Americans died each year from medical errors. These care-related mistakes are believed to cost the U.S. healthcare system about $2 billion each year. The prevalence of medication errors can vary greatly depending on the setting. For example, the medication error rate for hospitals was found to vary from about 0.3% overall to over 10% in a pediatric ICU…. [read more]


Business Intelligence Creating, Implementing Essay

… The four layers of BI systems (Application Layer, Business Layer, Data Cleansing Layer and Data Source Layer) are dedicated to the execution of systems' major tasks.

Any organization could benefit from business intelligence (BI). BI can help in solving issues related to in-depth analysis, location of important information and retaining of historical values. Advanced analysis functionality provided by business intelligence permits all organizations to define their hierarchies. Filtering is another important tool offered by BI. Business Intelligence connects healthcare centers, clubs, resorts and other organizations with effective control and distribution systems. It specifies which employee can have access to which report or data. This intelligent system not only focuses on elimination of spreadsheets but also on the controlled linkage of the spreadsheets. BI tools were…. [read more]


Patients Privacy Term Paper

… Patient Privacy

Protecting Patient Privacy in an Electronic World

From both a moral and a legal perspective, patients receiving medical treatment have a basic right to have their privacy protected. Information such as diagnoses, test results, and other such information is considered confidential. Certain information is provided to other organizations for the purpose of statistical analysis regarding public health issues. However, serving both the needs of the public health organization, while still adhering to privacy protocols can be difficult. They employ many different types of protocols in order to achieve this end. This research will explore various methods for maintaining patient privacy, yet preserving the integrity of the data so that it can be used for research purposes. The purpose of this paper is to…. [read more]


Benefit Plan Design Analysis Essay

… Wal-Mart Benefit Plan Analysis

Wal-Mart describes its benefits plan in fairly flowery terms. They state that they offer a comprehensive benefit package that can provide up-front cash to pay medical expenses. Also, they tout bonus incentive programs as well as up to a six percent match for their 401(k) system (Wal-Mart Opportunity & Benefits, 2012)

However, despite the window dressing that Wal-Mart has placed around their benefits, the reality is not quite that simple. Not all of the associates, for instance, are covered by the health plan. Of the 1.1 million employees Wal-Mart has, not even two thirds of them (700,000) are even eligilble for the benefits. Even when the benefits are available, the results for associates, which is what Wal-Mart calls its employees, are…. [read more]


Health Care "Decision Tree Analysis." ). Mindtools Discussion Chapter

… Health Care

"Decision Tree Analysis." (2010). MindTools. Cited in: http://www.mindtools.com/index.html

Matthews, C. (April 28, 2003). "Decision Making With Decision Trees." Inc. Cited in:

http://www.inc.com/articles/2003/04/25423.html

It seems that there are a number of ways in which disaparate data can be analyzed and then synthesized into a more reasonable format. Graphically, the decision tree seems to be one of the easiest and most effective. A decision tree is a support tool that uses models of decisions in picture or graphic form to help model possible consequences based on decisions made along the way. For instance, in Project 1, if decision a is made, then B. And C. might be consequences; but if decision S. is made, there would be a whole new set of actions and reactions.…. [read more]


Harnessing of Unstructured Data in Radiology Term Paper

… , 2011).

The theory behind this type of software for the mining of radiology reports is that a great deal of information is lost in the pictures and images themselves (Chapman, et al., 2011). When a report is "read" through the use of a computer that is mining data from it, the software program reads the language in the report itself. The program is able to make sense of the words, terms, sentences, and other information that is written in the report. However, there must also be information in the images themselves, as that is the area on which radiology is based. Being able to quickly access these pictures is very important, because they can provide extra insight into the disease or condition of the…. [read more]


Importance of Big Data to Organizations Annotated Bibliography

… Big Data Annotated Bibliography

Bayuk, J. (2010). CyberForensics: Understanding Information Security Investigations. Springer.

Bayuk (2010) in his book presents the computer forensic techniques used to curb cyber insecurity. The author analyzes the security investigations used in the development of counter intelligence system against cybercrime. To support the intelligence systems, the author uses different case studies on cyber crime investigations to develop a computer forensic technology that can be used to eliminate cyber crimes in an organization. The book is important for the study because its provides cyber-forensic concepts applicable in conducting cyber security investigations. It also provides expertise of the pioneers of cyber investigations and explores a number of examples from malware and accounting cyber-forensics.

Author Note: Bayuk is an information technology and security management…. [read more]


Activity for Organizations Essay

… A quintessential example is when these organizations or professionals defraud insurers such as private insurers, Medicare and Medicaid. It can happen when these organizations or professionals bill the insurers for services that they did not render, up coding of items or services, presenting duplicate claims, claiming for excessive or unnecessary services, or receiving kickbacks. According to the Federal Bureau of Investigation, health care fraud costs the country at least 80 billion dollars each year. It is a rising threat to national health care expenditure which is already high at about 2.7 trillion dollars annually. The Federal Bureau of Investigation is involved with investigating and exposing health care fraud. It is the only body with the jurisdiction over federal and private insurers (Federal Bureau of Investigation,…. [read more]


Data Mining Thesis

… Data Mining

Evaluating Data Mining as a Strategic Technology

The ability to quickly gain insights from a diverse and often incompatibles set of databases and data sets are possible when data mining techniques are used. Data mining is the process by which very large datasets are analyzed for trends, patterns, insights and intelligence not discernable from a cursory analysis of the data sets themselves through manual means (Osei-bryson, Rayward-smith, 2009). Data mining is the study of how to glean insights and intelligence from data sets which are often not integrated with each other in a common database, further adding a level of abstraction to the analysis, making its interpretation even more difficult (Buddhakulsomsiri, Zakarian, 2009). There is an exceptional level of insights that can be…. [read more]


Data Mining in Business Research Executive Summary Term Paper

… Data Mining in Business Research
Executive Summary
The perfect storm is brewing over analytics and their use to define the
future of data mining and its associated techniques and technologies,
(Columbus 1). The use of data mining, its adjunct technologies for text
mining and the ability to interpret, analyze and create linguistic models
from unstructured content is revolutionizing the concept of data mining
away from being purely used for structured content in data warehouses to
now encompass unstructured content found throughout organizations globally.
Text mining's growth is attributable to many factors, which include but
are not limited to the following. First, there is the rapid growth and
popularity of Google, and its search engine technologies and many patents
on taking unstructured text content and turning…. [read more]


Data Warehousing: A Strategic Weapon Term Paper

… On the basis of information provided by Information Sciences at the University of California-Berkley (1997), there are a number of defining features associated with data warehousing as contrasted with the attributes of operational applications. These include the following:

The data warehouse is oriented around the major subjects of the enterprise, e.g., customer, vendor, product and productivity. Hence it focuses on data modeling and database design exclusively, and it excludes data that is not useful for DSS processing. In contrast, the operational applications are designed around processes and functions, e.g., loans, savings, bank card and trust for a financial institution. Consequently, they are concerned both with database design and process design, and they contain data that satisfies immediate functional/processing requirements.

There are differences in orientation between…. [read more]


Health and Environmental Issues Term Paper

… Hunter estimates that ... A third of those 14 years old and younger - will be missing at least one parent. Sub-Saharan Africa will then be home to about 90% of the world's AIDS orphans.

(Sachs, 1993. p.10)

Health and effects of the disease are worsened by poor environmental conditions and especially by poverty. These factors also result in the concomitant decline in the economic situation. This is especially the case in Sub-Saharan Africa where a number of civil wars and other conflicts have complicated and worsened the situation.

War ands conflicts undermine and even destroy the infrastructure, which in turn degrades the chance of any defense against a disease like HIV / AIDS. It also leads to poverty, which results in a decline in…. [read more]


Growth Aided by Data Warehousing Term Paper

… This is intended to form one rational conclusion and to also gain benefits from important information regarding the current operation of the organization. (Hackathorn,1995;Wallace,1994a). These current operations can also be contrasted and evaluated in terms of the old existing data, and alongside, predictions as to future operations and about new business procedures can be developed and also new systems can be planned out to sustain these processes. (FairHead, 1995; Hackathorn, 1995; Ricciuti, 1994a; Smith, 1995d; Wallace, 1994a; Weinberg, 1995a).

These date warehouses can also store huge amounts of past data and corporate data that most companies use as potential data for important businesses. (Bull, 1995b; Brown, 1995; Cafasso, 1994d; Eckerson, 1993b; Hackathorn, 1995; Lisker, 1994; Nash, 1995c; Smith, 1995f; Wallace, 1994a). Another advantage of these…. [read more]


Algorithms That Can Mine Mounds Research Paper

… (Search CRM.)

In each of these ways, the data mining helps the business know what the web customer is interested in. He then slants his products / services and way he presents these products / services accordingly. Marketing, for instance uses this route as well as deciding which target customer to approach, which products to invest in, and how to market those products to appeal. It may also help him decide which marketing venues / social Medias apps to adopt.

Clustering to find related customer information Assess the reliability of the data mining algorithms.

Clustering is looking for patterns in similar information and seeing whether one can aggregate any predictions or any inferences for ways of conducting the business (for instance) to better satisfy and…. [read more]


Health Promotion: American HIV Prevention Term Paper

… That is the scope of the problem with which we are dealing: How to use well-proven tools of health promotion to regain the ground we've recently lost against AIDS.

Purpose Of The Study

The purpose of our study is simple: To collect and analyze information from various sectors dealing with health promotion and lifestyle change manners Americans must implement in order to combat AIDS.

As we discussed above, science alone will not stem the growth of this virus. A shift in Americans' thinking and actions, with regard to the spiritual, emotional, intellectual, physical and social aspects of their health and their health education is the only way to stop HIV's spread.

From an intellectual perspective, not nearly enough work has been done linking HIV prevention…. [read more]


Future Trends Essay

… The use of rapid prototyping will also be predicated on how effectively the data sets, collections of data in the systems of record, and associated taxonomies used for accessing and storing them are used (Bohn, Korb, Burgert, 2008). All of these factors taken together will define the growth trajectory of CAS in the short- and long-term.

Another aspect of CAS is the use of robotics for streamlining mildly invasive and routine procedures (Gerhardus, 2003). Robotics offer the surgeon the opportunity to literally look directly at the specific area of interest tin real time, often at extremely high resolution, and in the future, with real-time chemical analysis of the composition of the tissue being evaluated (Deshmukh, Kuthe, Chaware, Vaibhav, Ingole, 2011). This use of robotics will…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.