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De Tocqueville When Concept Essay

… De Tocqueville appears to be analyzing the functioning of various political associations, which are strongly discouraged under authoritarian state in his writings. De Tocqueville viewed civil society as a realm of civilian affairs and of private business and entrepreneurs that were all governed by the type of civil code (de Tocqueville, 1835). The congregations that occur in the public sphere occur for a mutual purpose and allow the citizens to overlook or transcend selfish motives and result in a more active consciousness and public sphere that functions independently of the state (de Tocqueville, 1835). In the authoritarian state these types of meetings are discouraged or absolutely outlawed. An authoritarian state attempts to control and equalize the citizens. The readings on democracy by de Tocqueville suggest…. [read more]

De Bono Describes Four "Processes Essay

… In other instances, the text relies on banal generalities when expressing assertions of fact, and when de Bono claims nonchalantly that "more and more creativity is coming to be valued as the essential ingredient in change and in progress" (1970), the critical reader immediately wonders who exactly holds these supposed values, and how is 'change' or 'progress' defined in this particular circumstance.

(3) How closely does de Bono's description of "lateral thinking" jibe with your current understanding of Critical Thinking? What methods and purposes do they share in common, and where do they differ? Is Critical Thinking closer to what de Bono calls "vertical thinking"?

The concept of lateral thinking as put forth by de Bono bears a theoretical resemblance to the modern conception of…. [read more]

Sensibility and Paul De Man Research Paper

… Willoughby, who Marianne believed to be the love her life, betrays her and marries a wealthier woman. He never intended to court Marianne, and if she had made sure Willoughby was courting her without sucking him into the Romantic love story she had planned for them, he would not have gotten trapped and had to betray her later. After mourning the loss of her beloved, inconstant Willoughby to the point of making herself ill, Marianne falls in love with Colonel Brandon, an older, self-sacrificing, sensible man who stood on the sidelines while Marianne willingly gave her heart to his competitor Marianne's experience and the influence of Colonel Brandon transform her into a pragmatic, sensible woman who still has an appreciation for the Romantic, but learns…. [read more]

De Spectaculis Alexander's Typology Term Paper

… Well, is it not in connection with idolatry, above all, that you have the devil with his pomp and his angels? (ch. 4). Any flirting with idolatry or idolatrous images is un-Christian, then, and society becomes closed.

Defining Christians as a segment closed off from society belies the notion that a truly stalwart strain of political self-defense could be occurring here -- this is not a tract appealing to the masses for the rights of Christians to coexist in society, but rather is clearly aimed at Christians themselves as a means of exalting true believers above the heathens and those who would be tempted to engage in idolatry and other evils. "Good Christians won't do this," is essentially what Tertullian is saying, and in doing…. [read more]

Kant's Categorical Imperative and De Waal Term Paper

… Kant and De Waal

When considering human morality, some very complicated pitfalls can arise. Hence the various ethical debates that range around issues like the death penalty, abortion, and even a fundamentally private matter such as gay marriage. Many of these pitfalls are the result not only of emotion, but of the fundamental principles according to which individuals hold their religious and moral beliefs. Hence, Kant suggests that any action or decision should first be held up against a person's fundamental moral belief system or what he terms "good will." What an individual believes is "good" should therefore the guiding principle according to which decisions are made. Kant claims that this is a rational process that is not ruled by emotion but rather by rational…. [read more]

Social Criticism of Luce's De Bohemia of Valle Incln Essay

… Social Criticism of "Luces de Bohemia" or "Bohemian Lights" by Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan

A number of influential Spanish playwrights were active during the early part of the 20th century, including Ramon Maria del Valle-Inclan who invented a new dramatic device that he termed "esperpento" in his play, "Luces de Bohemia" or "Bohemian Lights." Originally published in 1920, this play about the people of the City of Madrid was not actually produced until 1963, but Valle-Inclan's other major contributions to dramatic literature include Divinas palabras and the three Comedias barbaras, but most authorities agree that "Luces de Bohemia" is Valle-Inclan's masterpiece. To gain some fresh insights into the delayed production of this play and the social criticism that it generated at the time as well…. [read more]

Bartoleme De Las Casas Research Paper

… Advocate and Radical

Yet, not everyone agrees with his being given such a title. The situation as he described it was not always so utterly black and white. While there were certainly abuses on the part of the conquistadors, they were not always motivated by malice. Oftentimes they were the effect of indifference, ignorance, and lack of consideration. All the same, the abuses were inexcusable, and the missionaries constantly sought to balance the desire of the conquistadors to "erect" New Spain with the welfare of the natives, whose lives were put at risk in the process. In one way, De Las Casas represents the fight to secure for the natives the kind of life the Spaniards sought for themselves. In another way, De Las Casas…. [read more]

Oscar De La Renta Research Paper

… Oscar de la Renta is one of the most successful and long-lived designers in the fashion industry. He was born on July 22, 1932 in the Dominican Republic, and at a young age took to painting.

The masters Cristobal Balenciaga and Antonio Castillo trained him at age 18 in Spain. He first rose to fame during the 1960s; when First Lady Jackie Kennedy wore his evening wear to White House functions. When he was deciding at this young age whether to study in the house of Christian Dior in New York, or to design custom clothes for Elizabeth Arden, he decided to go with Elizabeth Arden. If he had studied under Dior, then his work would always be eclipsed by Dior's renown that grew worldwide…. [read more]

Michel De Certeau's "Walking Essay

… Likewise, social planners are like urban planners and are often subverted by the likes of people like Moll. The social planners of Moll's day condemn adultery, but Laxton gets away with it. He is even invited to the cuckold's house as an honored guest. It is the victim who is made to look foolish; Laxton emerges repentant but triumphant. Females in the play foil the plot, and trounce the men. Social strategists had at the time declared men to be the dominant intellectuals with women assuming a foppish, serving, and inferior role. Not so in "Roaring Girl," which can be read through the lens of de Certeau's "Walking in the City." Read through "Walking in the City," it becomes apparent that Moll, in fact, is…. [read more]

De Botton's Text Essay

… ¶ … Architecture of Happiness: Why Ideals Change

Alain de Botton asks the very apt question in his text, the Architecture of Happiness, why it is that society constantly has shifting values about what it finds beautiful, positing this question, very simply: "Why do we change our minds about what we find beautiful?" (154) This is an important question as De Botton demonstrates that what we consider to be aesthetically pleasing swings from polarities which are difficult to predict, and which are subject to the influences of time: "Precedent forces us to suppose that later generations will one day walk around our houses with the same attitude of horror and amusement with which we now consider many of the possessions of the dead. They will…. [read more]

De Tocqueville's Views on America Reaction Paper

… De Tocqueville's Views On America

In the early nineteenth century, when the United States was still a very young democracy and growing into its own ideals, a French citizen named Alexis de Tocqueville took an extended tour of the country and noted the differences and similarities between American and European society. His book Democracy in America remains a very interesting read and a highly important political and historical document, as it records the yearnings and idealism of the United States' citizens at the time in what is at once an objective yet an incredibly human manner. To read this book in the modern day is to have a glimpse back into the development of this country not simply in terms of land expansions, building projects,…. [read more]

Identity Construction in Literary Texts Literature Review

… Identity Construction in Literary Texts

Representasie Van Kleurling Identiteit In Geselekteerde Tekste




"If we follow the badge of color from 'African' 'Negro' to 'colored race' to 'black' to 'Afro-American' to 'African-American'

we aren't thus tracing the history not only of a signifier, a label, but also a history of its effects"

Robert E. Park (1864-1944) (as cited in Back & Solomos, 2000, p.145).

The "coloured category" identified in 1950 in South Africa constituted one of three categories: White, black (African), or colored (of mixed decent). "The coloured category included major subgroups of Indians and Asians, Monal Chokshi, Cale Carter, Deepak Gupta, and Robert Allen (1995, ¶ 3) explain in "The history of apartheid in…. [read more]

Guinevere Depictions of Guinevere in Medieval Texts Research Paper

… Guinevere

Depictions of Guinevere in Medieval Texts: From Silent Companion to Active Adultery in the Span of a Century

The Arthurian legends have been a subject of intense fascination and inspection by readers and scholars alike since they first appeared towards the end of the eighth century or perhaps the beginning of the ninth century BCE (Bruce, 319). Appearing to refer to events of the sixth century BCE, and without any clarity as to the actual existence of the hero or his true connection to the literary character introduced in the horribly inaccurate historical writings of the Welsh monk Nennius, it cannot be said with certainty whether Arthur -- if existed -- was truly a king or more of a general, though it appears certain…. [read more]

John Mill and De Behavior Term Paper

… John Mill and De Beaviour

John Stuart Mill (1806-1873) and Simone De Beauvoir (1908-1986) both write meaningful treatise regarding the position of women in society. Both contend that women are subjected to men in legal and political functions, but the depart on several key points, perhaps in part due to De Beauvoir's unique perspective as a women in a society far progressed in egalitarianism. Taken out of the context of their lifetimes, the conversation they might have had regarding the sweeping changes that made De Beauvoir's society more progressive toward women and Mill's, society nearly completely oppressive toward women, would still garner interest. This work will attempt to do just that, create a conversation between these two very like minded individuals, utilizing a comparison and…. [read more]

Cosimo De Medici Term Paper

… From communal projects, such as Brunelleschi's cupola, to religious confraternities, processions, and plays, the Florentine people had a role in establishing taste and culture. Popular poets and musicians competed in the streets and participated in festivals; the best had their songs/poems transcribed and distributed. Performers talked about poverty, social mobility, responsibility, good government, and the libertas and patria of Florence (D-Elai 115).

But it must also be remembered that while Cosimo de'Medici was not a democratic leader in the modern sense of the term, it is also important - as Kent makes clear repeatedly - that the distinction between public and private was narrower in Cosimo's Florence than it is today. Cosimo's private garden, for example, was transformed into a kind of public academy for…. [read more]

Marriage Literary Texts Essay

… His pessimism and negative opinion of marriage and his belief that all humans suffer because of their faults and mistakes stems from his parents failed marriage and his father's laziness. Although he does not use them as evidently as Chopin does but these events did have a lasting impact on his life, his work and his relationships (Coward & de Maupassant 1903).

It can be said that although Chopin did not normally focus on the portrayal of sins and their power but may be unwittingly she shows in the story that Louise after her first spell of obvious grief, experiences an epiphany that she is now free and independent. This leads to the start of a feeling of joy which she initially crushes because it…. [read more]

Marie De France: Lanval and Bisclavet Term Paper

… Marie de France: "Lanval" and "Bisclavet" -- the irreconcilable tensions of the public and private demands of marriage

Many of the lais of Marie de France seem like fairy tales because of their use of supernatural symbolism and metaphor. However, these narrative poems contain profound revelations of the tensions inherent to the marital bond because of the irreconcilable nature of the public and private aspects of marriage. Marriage is a private bond between two people, but it is also a public union with economic and social consequences. Marie's lais touch upon the common fears of marriage such as the difficulty harmonizing homosocial friendships and love, the unknowable nature of one's partner and his or her past, and the need for love to satisfy the personal…. [read more]

Gerard De Nerval Essay

… The constant allusiveness does not have the effect of making Sylvie or Adrienne or Aurelia seem more real to us -- instead, the overall narrative seems more like a dream constructed of prior representations of womanhood, as though the story itself were one in which a young man enraptured by the unreal women depicted in art and myth manages to tumble into that myth, in search of the muse who inspired all these works. The fact that his quest ends up unfulfilled leaves the reader wondering if any of these women were real to begin with, or if their identities are fictions that can be briefly embodied as an actress portrays a role. Fairly late in the narrative, these strands combine in a crucial insight…. [read more]

Miguel De Cervantes' Is Famous Term Paper

… Los sucesos que contaron fueron tan diferentes, tan estranos y tan desdichados, que unos les sacaban las lagrimas a los ojos y otros la risa del pecho.

Throughout the third and fourth narratives that are interwoven into the fabric of the narrative, Cervantes' voice continues to intrude:

Una de las islas que estan junto a la de Ibernia me dio el cielo por patria; es tan grande que toma nombre de reino, el cual no se hereda ni viene por sucesion de padre a hijo: sus moradores le eligen a su beneplacito, procurando siempre que sea el mas virtuoso y mejor hombre que en el se hallara; (Capitulo veinte y dos)

Periodically, the narrator involves himself to comment and intrude, upon the characters, upon the…. [read more]

Myrdal and De Tocqueville Gunner Term Paper

… Myrdal proposes an insipid removal process, using birth control among other methods to "slowly" remove the African-American population from American soil. His suggestions, however astonishing, might not have been intentionally racist; Myrdal might have simply been acknowledging the cultural and ethnic differences that distinguish African-American from European-American people as de Tocqueville does. De Tocqueville acknowledges "the irreconcilable differences which separate the negro from the European in America." Moreover, he predicted that "the prejudice which repels the negroes seems to increase in proportion as they are emancipated." Myrdal's observations of the Jim Crow-era South attest to the accuracy of de Tocqueville's predictions.

De Tocqueville does not propose so radical a "solution" as Myrdal does, but the two authors do agree in principle. Both authors criticize the…. [read more]

Mexico by Boye Lafayette Term Paper

… In Mexico, most business hours revolve around the afternoon siesta. Some open in the morning, close in the afternoon, and reopen in the evening. Others are only open for six hours or less during the day. The country caters to this custom, and the people keep it alive.

Culturally, it is hard to imagine Americans living this more relaxed kind of lifestyle that allows for rest and relaxation every day. Perhaps that is why Americans are so stressed and pressed for time. The siesta shows the basic difference between Latin culture and American culture. Americans are "too busy" to take time to rest, relax, and recharge, while Mexicans find it an imperative part of their day. Their more relaxed lifestyle seems preferable to one that…. [read more]

Honore De Balzac's Views Term Paper

… His general prose style, although on occasion pretentious, has a rich, dynamic quality that makes it compelling and absorbing."

In 17th century Paris, rich, and aspiring rich men kept mistresses and their wives were expected to tolerate these relations even when their husbands displayed their girlfriends in public. However, women were not immune from infidelity. As shown in both Cousin Bette and Father Goriot, men also came to Paris from country areas to achieve success, fame and become wealthy. Many married women accepted these men as lovers, and introduced them to society. Marriage as a sacred promise, in this light, is ridiculous, and Balzac preys upon the weaknesses of Parisian men and women to show how big cities and large fortunes can destroy families.

Lost…. [read more]

Miguel De Cervantes' 'Hero' Concept Term Paper

… Indeed, Don Quixote's fantasies, often identified as madness or insanities by scholars criticizing Cervantes' work, serves as his 'drive' to do good deeds to other people, and commit his life doing chivalrous things to other people. In fact, Don Quixote's madness is often interpreted as his own way of expressing courage in the novel, which he won't be able to achieve if he is just an 'ordinary' individual in the character of Quixano: "... his change of consciousness, articulated as his "madness"... may appear as a dream or psychic possession which carries the hero off to a fairyland where he must confront the powers of the Otherworld... Such heroes are bound to overcome their adversaries in battle... takes the form of supreme bravery and self-confidence…. [read more]

Lost Illusions, by Honore Essay

… He fought to succeed and overcome suffering and humiliation. The author provides valuable life lessons about the world, human nature, society, and media that are still relevant. The Red and the Black, by Stendhal touched me because I identified with the struggle of the protagonist, Julien Sorel, a member of the lower class. He used his talents to address the needs of his society during the Bourbon Restoration. Crime and Punishment, by Fyodor Dostoyevsky influenced me through the protagonist, Raskolinkov. I identified with the significance of conscience in human life, notwithstanding that Dostoyevsky's character only applied it retrospectively.

563 Characters

Lost illusions, by Honore de Balzac was meaningful to me because I identified with Lucien Chardon. He fought to overcome suffering and humiliation, providing life…. [read more]

Marie De France Courtly Love Term Paper

… That is why I go to stand at the window... So much delight does it give me and so intensely do I long to hear it, that I cannot close my eyes to sleep," the husband selfishly interprets her desire as disturbing to her sleep, and kills the bird.

Unlike the passive woman adored in the courtly love scenario, the wife of "The Nightingale" is active, yet also remains chaste because her adoration is symbolic for a beautiful, ethereal animal, rather than for an actual human being other than her boorish husband. The spiritual element of courtly love is thus highlighted in this scenario, as the desire for the bird parallels the woman's desire for a better, purer life than the one she currently inhabits…. [read more]

Simon De Beauvoir "Ambiguity Essay

… Beauvoir wants to demonstrate that normality should not be treated as a general concept just as people cannot be provided with help by considering a general system of thinking. One person will never be completely equal to another and it would thus be wrong to provide both people with the same treatment when trying to help them. Attempting to get a person off of drugs can actually hurt him or her. "A deprivation of a few hours will do nothing but exasperate his torments uselessly; and he may have recourse to extreme means to get what I do not give him." (Beauvoir)

Being a part of society is similar to being a part of a game: individuals can join the respective game depending on whether…. [read more]

International Law. The Text Class Essay

… The author has presented a strong argument that NGOs have used Western funds to build patronage networks for the Western countries and thus consolidating their economic and social power in projecting neocolonialist ideas and rejecting community interests. Though this argument is strongest in developing countries, some proponents also say that the developed work has been hit by neocolonialist ideas. Neoconservatives in the U.S. argue that human rights and development NGOs harm the U.S. business interests and foreign policy. This is because they create inherent issues of accountability and transparency. This restricts reforms to foreign policy and interest.

A third argument against NGOs has been that they have not lived up to their expectation. Especially in their role in emergency response or relief, critics have often…. [read more]

Emile Zola and Honere Thesis

… Prices were cited -- the five days' sale produced more than six hundred thousand francs." (Zola, and Ripoll 302) To see the extent of spending that Nana did and the constant attentioned she garnered from men, helped paint a portrait of the coquettes of Zola's time as well as the way people interacted with the starlets of France. Zola continues Nana's escapades that lead to men committing suicide and writing scathing articles.

As were in many of his novels, Zola uses time in a way that changes from scene to scene. Minutes may seem like days in some scenes and days may seem like seconds in others. A good example of this is on page 136: "The very armchairs, which were as wide as bed,…. [read more]

Poeme French Renaissance Author Pierre Essay

… This means that he is not necessarily interested in whether she is unable to love him in the beginning and that he has the ability to push on regardless of the end results.

Ronsard considers that a rose can hold all of the beauty in the world as a result of its frail, but aggressive nature and that, as a gift, it can be more imposing that diamonds or rubies precisely because of the fact that it lives. The poet appears to believe that some things are even more important than beauty and that love does not necessarily have to be beautiful in order to exist. From his perspective, his love is stronger than a rose because it has the ability to experience a form…. [read more]

Andres De Santa Cruz Essay

… Napoleon was called by the term, which was thought to be very positive at the time (Perea 2011). Later, he was still called a caudillo but only as a more derogatory term. Many other men were called caudillos throughout their life, including some of them that were working against the military and trying to invade or otherwise cause problems for the country. While there was much meaning ascribed to the term, it was very hard to pin a specific meaning onto it in any way. That is something important to remember when considering that period in history and the way in which Santa Cruz was viewed by others. The way the term is viewed was affected by Santa Cruz, because he had some of the…. [read more]

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