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Mental Health Policy a Healthy Term Paper

… Parents should also play an important role in dealing with dating violence. They should develop a strong bonding with the children so that they could share what is going on in their life. Also, the parents can then help them coping with their particular situations through their own life's experiences.

The peers are most aware of dating violence. So the peer groups should be educated about the negative and ill effects of it so that they can assist their friend who is experiencing it.

The legislative body on part of dating violence should become more active and efficient in resolving the dating violence cases and there should be a system of penalties and punishment to those who commit this crime.

Conclusion

Dating violence is a…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Jurisprudence Term Paper

… Death Penalty

Within the realm of law, capital punishment jurisprudence is an important subject. The purpose of this discussion is to review several landmark Supreme Court cases and explain the evolution of capital punishment jurisprudence from 1972 to the present. The research will discuss the following cases: Furman v Georgia, Woodson v. North Carolina, Gregg v Georgia, McCleskey v Kemp, Ford v Wainwright, Atkins v Virginia and Roper v Simmons.

Evolution of capital punishment jurisprudence

If we begin with monumental court cases involving capital punishment jurisprudence, one of the first cases we must investigate is Furman v Georgia. This particular case actually involved William Henry Furman who was convicted of killing a man whose house he was burglarizing. Furman testified that while the burglary was…. [read more]


Death Penalty and Mental Illness Term Paper

… Death Penalty and Mental Illness

It is impossible to say, with any real degree of accuracy, what percentage of people on death row is mentally ill. There are several reasons for this impossibility. First, mental illness is difficult to define, and is subject to broad changes over time and space. Therefore, a person who was not mentally ill at the time of a conviction might be considered mentally ill under modern standards, and vice-versa. Next, mental illness is difficult to diagnose. The very crimes that land people on death row are things that most people consider "crazy," however that does not mean that the people who perpetrated them are actually mentally ill. Furthermore, mental illness has different meanings for health professionals and the legal community;…. [read more]


Alexander Williams Term Paper

… Alexander Williams

THE DEATH PENALTY AND JUVENILES WITH MENTAL ILLNESS:

THE CASE OF ALEXANDER WILLIAMS

Alexander Williams was 17 years old when he abducted, robbed, raped, and shot 16-year-old Aleta Bunch. Mr. Williams was also mentally ill at that time. In his trial for the crime, his history and background was never brought up and therefore the jury never knew about his severe mental illness and chronic childhood abuse. It also appeared that the lawyer that was hired to represent Mr. Williams was generally unconcerned about the welfare and well-being of his client. This was naturally a concern for those that cared about Mr. Williams, and for those that simply wanted to see justice done correctly. However, the problems that Mr. Williams faced during his…. [read more]


Capital Punishment (Death Penalty) Term Paper

… After all, blameworthiness and ideas about morality develop as people learn from their experiences. Since many mentally retarded people would lack this capacity to learn, it would be arbitrary to assign blame.

For these reasons, society does not assign the death penalty to children, despite the growing number of violent crimes committed by the very young. Accepted social standards dictate that children should not be held to a moral standard that is beyond their intellectual capacity. These reasons should therefore apply to the mentally retarded as well (Ellis and Fiorenza 186).

Conclusion

Since the Supreme Court has ruled that executing the mentally retarded is unconstitutional, the question of the Texas statute is now moot. However, the Supreme Court ruling has not ended this debate, whether…. [read more]


Death Penalty Few Issues Thesis

… Death Penalty

Few issues in the United States, and indeed worldwide, criminal justice system have been as widely debated and contested as the death penalty. Proponents hold that the death penalty serves the purpose of deterring serious crimes, while those who oppose it focus on arguments relating to equality issues in the criminal justice system. Indeed, the latter group note that not only prisons, but also death row, are disproportionally populated by the poor and racial minorities, who are unable to afford proper legal counsel. While few women have received capital punishment for their crimes, it is something that occurs. In most cases, women who receive such punishment are unjustly tried or are cohersed into criminal activity without their consent or predetermination. Indeed, the way…. [read more]


Capital Punishment the Death Penalty Term Paper

… Capital Punishment

The death penalty is an unsatisfactory approach to serious crimes. Trends and the tide of public opinion through the years indicate this. According to Gregg Easterbrook (2000), the main arguments raised by death penalty opponents are the risk of its being used on the wrong person and the inherent wickedness of execution itself. In recent years, however, opponents have been focusing more on the risk of executing the wrong person and, at the same time, believing that technological advancements would exonerate more innocent convicts. Easterbrook says that neither is bound to happen and that modern technology is instead more and more satisfying one of the two main arguments against the death penalty.

DNA fingerprinting is one such technology, which almost infallibly identifies a…. [read more]


Death Penalty as Justified Murder Research Paper

… Death Penalty as Justified Murder - an Ineffective Method of Crime Prevention

Capital punishment has a history in the United States that goes back to the colonies. The tenet of capital punishment remains one of the most controversial issues in the United States. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976, 1,151 executions have taken place in the United States (Death Penalty Information Center, p. 1). Thirty-eight of those executions took place in 2008 (Death Penalty Information Center, p. 1). The following research will examine the death penalty from the lens of fairness in a number of special populations. It will then examine the death penalty in its ability to carry out its primary objective, deterrence of violent crime. By the end of this…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Currently, 38 Term Paper

… Georgia, the Supreme Court also ruled "the statutory system under which Gregg was sentenced to death does not violate the Constitution."

The reversals in decisions occur at all levels of the judicial system. As noted earlier, changes in the composition of the state supreme courts could greatly affect decisions whether death penalty cases are upheld or overturned. The geographic location and convictions of individual prosecutors affect whether or not cases are prosecuted capitally. Different judges and prosecutors have already evidenced different interpretations of the Eight Amendment, with particular emphasis on the phrase "cruel and unusual."

Currently, surveys show that at least 60% of Americans favor the continued practice of the death penalty in the United States. Thus, any state initiative to ban the imposition of…. [read more]


Death Penalty as Long Term Paper

… ¶ … Death Penalty

As long as there has been a codified system of law, there has been a death penalty. In Hammurabi's Code, the first known set of codified laws, death was stated as the penalty to a variety of crimes (King, 1997). Furthermore, death was a punishment for a variety of crimes in England, Spain, and France, the three countries that provided the source for American law. Therefore, if should come as no surprise that the death penalty was imposed in colonial America:

The first known execution in the territory now known as the United States of America was of Captain George Kendall, who was shot by a firing squad in Jamestown in December 1607... Since then the death penalty has almost always…. [read more]


Death: Suicide, Euthanasia Term Paper

… The is also the consideration of impact this practice will have on society and the way society may devalue life when it becomes a commodity that can be taken rather than cherished at all costs. The appearance of control and dignity may also be misleading, as the pain caused to those left behind may be immense, especially if they have strong religious beliefs. The argument against the use of euthanasia or assisted suicide used by the Pope was that these people are at their weakest at the point before death, and that in religious terms this, along with abortion, was a "slaughter of the innocents" (Pope John Paul II in a letter to the world's bishops). This letter also raised concerns regarding the overall morals…. [read more]


Death Penalty in Michigan Term Paper

… Nature and Volume of Federal Death Cases

Among other factors that affect the cost of representation, the prosecution's decision to seek the death penalty and whether or not to accept a plea agreement to a sentence less than death are the most particularly significant. First of all, the volume of federal death penalty cases depends on the decision to prosecute on a federal rather than in a state court. The federal volume has vastly increased, especially since the enactment of the Federal Death Penalty Act as part of the 1994 bill. The average total cost per federal death penalty representation in the last decade was $142,000 (U.S. Courts). However, it is the prosecution's decision as to seek the death penalty that spells that difference in…. [read more]


Capital Punishment With Regards to Christian Ethics Reaction Paper

… Christianity and the Death Penalty

A Christian View of Capital Punishment

The issue of capital punishment is as old as the Bible itself. God himself was the first to issue an edict of capital punishment. In Genesis 6-8 God decided that all of humanity, except for Noah and his family were to receive the death penalty for their wrongs. In Genesis 18-19 God punishes Sodom and Gomorrah for the sins of the people. In Exodus 14, God destroyed the Egyptian army in the Red Sea. The Old Testament is filled with instances where God saw it necessary to destroy a single man, or humankind for their actions.

Many anti-capital punishment supporter claim that capital punishment is unethical, as it is not fair to trade one…. [read more]


Death Penalty Essay

… Although these conditions can offer mitigating circumstances when providing evidence for criminal competence, it is not necessarily an indicator of incompetence to stand trial and be convicted. While the chapter therefore considers the death penalty and the exclusion of mentally retarded persons from this penalty like the case discussion above, it goes a step further by also considering issues of mental health in this regard. On this premise, the article argues that it is unfair

The Human Rights Watch article, again, focuses only on the mental retardation issue as it relates to the death penalty, voicing a strong and very detailed opinion against executing those with diminished mental capacities. As such, it is far more details in its description and support of the opinion than…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Discriminatory? (Yes) Term Paper

… Men are significantly more likely to be sentenced to the death penalty than women are, and in the rare cases in which women are sentenced to the death penalty, they are typically not executed. Indeed, the statistics show how few women have been executed since the reinstatement of the death penalty is paltry in comparison to the number of men executed:

Presently, there are forty-seven women on death row. Only two have been executed since nineteen seventy six [when the Supreme Court reinstated the death penalty]. Usually the court finds an excuse for the women, such as a mental illness or self-defense.... women are seen as less threatening.

Boyd)

Literally more than 300 men have been executed in the same exact span of time. Indeed,…. [read more]


Psychology of Age and Euthanasia Research Paper

… Often time being open and discussing the future one death has been accepted by all parties can create a loving and bonding relationship. A wide range of ethical issues such as euthanasia, passive euthanasia, and voluntary active euthanasia may come up in a dying process. Socially, people hold many different opinions about the subject of euthanasia and can lead to very debatable conversations resulting in tension within a family.

Euthanasia may be an option if the patient is terminally ill. Patients with cancer or any other disease that cannot be treated live with it until the day they die. "Allowing people to choose to end treatment is one way to fight the nations soaring care bills" (Jussim 11). They can try to treat it and…. [read more]


Euthanasia (Against) in North America Term Paper

… " Hence, only God has the right to begin a life, and only God is allowed to end one. Therefore, an individual who commits suicide is doing a sin.

Secondly, God has not sent us any experience that we are unable to handle. He supports and helps people in suffering. Thus, an individual who seeks to end his life would actually signify lack of trust in the promise made by Him.

On the other hand, an important and growing percentage of non-Christians, Agnostics, Humanists, secularists, Atheists and liberal Christians in North America do not accept these theologically based arguments. They argue:

Every individual has independence over their own life. Therefore, those individuals who are not satisfied with their quality of life which is equal to…. [read more]


Young Term Paper

… Ashcroft has attempted to overturn the actions of Attorney General Janet Reno, who ruled in favor of Oregon's interpretation of the federal Controlled Substances Act as allowing physicians to prescribe lethal levels of drugs.

In large measure because of her support, the "Death with Dignity Act" went into effect in October 1997. This law includes a variety of safeguards to prevent the kinds of abuses that opponents of physician-assisted suicide often argue will become all too common. These guidelines imposed on physician-assisted suicide include a requirement that the patient be competent; that that voluntariness of the request be documented in writing and confirmed by two witnesses; that the request be confirmed by a second physician; and that the physician and patient observe certain waiting periods,…. [read more]


Ethical Dilemmas: Forensic Psychologists Assessing the Competency Essay

… Ethical Dilemmas: Forensic Psychologists Assessing the Competency of Inmates to Be Executed

For most psychologists, working with patients in order to improve their mental health is a goal that presents no ethical conflicts; it is seen as an unmitigated positive to improve a patient's mental health. However, there is one area where a psychologist improving a patient's mental health is not in that patient's best interest: helping make a mentally ill patient competent so that the inmate can be executed. The current state of U.S. law prohibits the execution of the mentally ill. However, in the context of this prohibition, mental illness is narrowly defined. Rather than prohibiting the execution of any person diagnosed with a mental illness, the prohibition only applies to those people…. [read more]


Juvenile Death Penalty Term Paper

… Juvenile Death Penalty Sentencing Is Cruel and Unjust Punishment

In America, twenty-five states permit the execution of juveniles, twenty-one states set the minimum age for execution at 16 and four states at set it at 17. No other Western country, no other industrialized state, and in fact no other democracy in the world allows juveniles to be executed. In fact, since 1990, the United States joins only Iran, Nigeria, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia and Yemen as nations that have executed children. With nine executions of juveniles since the year 1990, the American criminal justice system executes a larger number of children than the rest of the Earth combined. In fact, just the state of Texas, with five juvenile executions since 1990, executes more children than any…. [read more]


Life and Death Book Review

… The author even goes on further with some ideas of how the legislation needs to be really being changed in order to lawfully inspect and receive circumstances of euthanasia.

The book also goes on to talk about many other areas to the reader for example, how this misrepresenting of the border line has left a lot of people with sensitive questions about pain and suffering and how it not only effects the patient but also people around them such as their family and friends (Schemmer, 1998, p. 83 paragraph 2). Schemmer goes a little further and discusses other topics such as the quality of life, death with dignity, and the costs of long-term care. He mentions that people can really discover many different helpful answers…. [read more]


Oregon Death With Dignity Act Policy Analysis Term Paper

… Oregon Death With Dignity Act

Policy Analysis

The Oregon Death with Dignity Act as has been said before can be analyzed in terms of David Gil's Policy Analysis Framework. (Gil, 1976, pp. 31-56) Gil's analysis framework consists of three main objectives: 1) issues constituting the focus of the policy, such as its nature, scope and theory, 2) the objectives, values and ideological orientation of the policy, underlying theories, target population and the manner in which it is effected, as well as the financial costs and benefits, quality of life, historical background of the policy, the size, resources and values of the group supporting the policy, and 3) alternatives to the policy. (Gil, 1992) the policy analysis is an essential aspect of understanding with regard to…. [read more]


Mental Health and the Death Penalty Term Paper

… ¶ … executing the mentally ill. The writer explores case law, as well as moral issues when it comes to medicating the mentally ill with anti-psychotics so they are well enough to be executed. There were five sources used to complete this paper.

An eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth" is the philosophy many people adhere to when it comes to the punishment of criminals. The death penalty has been debated for many years as it has come into and then fallen out of favor for the American public. The death penalty is especially volatile when it comes to the mentally ill. When a mentally ill person commits a crime worthy of the death penalty the state and those involved with the…. [read more]


Ethical Issues of Assisted Suicide Term Paper

… It is also squabbled that assisted suicide for fatally ill people undergoing severe pain can be differentiated from euthanasia used for the purpose of genocide on the basis that it is on the basis of the principles of self-respect, respect, and reverence and is selected and performed by the dying persons, instead of being forced on them in opposition to their will. (End of Life Issues and Care) Some would disagree that assisted death already happens in secrecy. For instance, morphine drips apparently used for pain relief is a secret form of assisted death or euthanasia. That PAS is unlawful avoids an open argument, in which patients and doctors could take part. Making PAS legally lawful will encourage open discussion. (Ethics in Medicine: Physician-Assisted Suicide)…. [read more]


Assisted Suicide Legal History US Term Paper

… Physician-Assisted Suicide

For the most part, the current argument for physician-assisted suicide in the United States has much to do with whether or not, under special circumstances, is it morally and ethically permissible for a physician to provide the knowledge and/or means whereby a terminally ill patient can have his/her own life ended. In modern terms, this medical act, sometimes called PAS -- euthanasia, can be described as "deliberately bringing about the death of a person that is suffering from an incurable disease or condition through the administration of a lethal drug or by allowing the patient to die naturally by withholding treatment" (Glanze, 447).

The reasons for allowing such an act by a physician are often very controversial, but overall, physician-assisted suicide provides the…. [read more]


Correctional Institutions and Capital Punishment Essay

… CJ Final Exam

Describe the impact of inmate mental illness on our correctional institutions.

Mental illness is a major problem facing correctional institutions across the country. One source notes, "As many as 90 per cent of prisoners have a mental illness and/or substance misuse (including alcohol) problem (Department of Health, 2001)" (Carrabine, Iganski, Lee, Plummer & South, 2004, p. 220). Substance abusers often have mental health issues and end up incarcerated because of criminality depending on their addiction, and this has a very adverse affect on correctional institutions. Inmate mental illness leads to higher inmate health costs, because it costs more to treat and house the mentally ill. They may have to be separated from other inmates if they are ill enough, and they will…. [read more]


Ncjrs the Death Penalty Term Paper

… For 2002, the Capital Punishment Report reports that of nearly 7,000 inmates with a sentence of death, only 12% were executed between 1977 and 2002. 4% died before execution, and fully 33% had their status changed to something other than a sentence of death. 159 new death sentences were issued by courts in 2002. The youngest death row inmate was 18, and the oldest was 87, a remarkable age span. There were 71 executions in 2002, 5 times as many as in 2001.

Both reports generated extensive statistics on the race and ethnic backgrounds of these prisoners, the crimes they committed, and the sex of the criminals (women only make up about 1% of all felons on death row). However, nothing was tabulated regarding any…. [read more]


Adults Have an Episode Term Paper

… A more dire example of the crippling effect that the United States.'s refusal to ratify certain death penalty-related treaties is in the obstacles to international investigation that may be posed by nations who are reluctant to cooperate with a non-signatory. In the case of Zacarias Moussaoui, a French citizen, France and Germany have been notably reluctant to share information regarding the September 11 attacks in which Moussaoui played a significant role, due to prohibitions such as the one in the German Constitution which "forbids submission of any material that could lead to the death penalty" (ibid. 1300). Such roadblocks to international cooperation are a significant problem with the United States' death penalty policies.

The international pressure is certainly not the only reason that the Supreme…. [read more]


Policy Analysis on the Oregon Death With Dignity Act Term Paper

… Policy Analysis of Oregon's Death With Dignity Act

David Gil's writings have helped the public understand the true scope of the new Oregon Assisted Suicide law, and as a result, the percentage of Americans who say that doctors should be allowed to help with suicide when the patient and the patient's family request it has doubled to 70%.

The fact that Oregon's law was a citizen's initiative that passed and other facts concerning physician-assisted suicides that have surfaced recently signal a renaissance of activism on the part of citizens who wish to change existing law on that topic. Even with the new Oregon law, it is not easy to participate, as there are requirements that make it difficult to obtain permission.

David Gil's Policy Analysis…. [read more]


Competency to Stand Trial Drawing Term Paper

… Thirdly, an evaluation of functional competence is consistent with psychological theory and research. A defendant may be competent in a given function but not in another. An evaluation should assess a defendant's competence according to abilities, his specific characteristics and the circumstances of his case. Fourthly, forensic assessment instruments have been increasingly reliable as they are used. And fifthly, a forensic report should include a defendant's current psychological functioning, descriptions and observations used as basis for the opinions, conclusions and recommendations of the report (Zapf & Roesch).

Own Thoughts

One risk that may be taken in the dealing with an incompetent defendant charged with a capital offense and dismissing charges against him and releasing him is the probability of his repeating his crime. Care is…. [read more]

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