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Death With Dignity: A Right Term Paper

… It is the government that stands in the way. More than 35% of physicians have admitted that they would participate in voluntary euthanasia practices if afforded the opportunity if patients requested it (Bachman, 1996). In another study conducted by Lee (1996) more than 46% of physicians admitted they might be willing to assist a suicide if it were legal to do so. In yet another study of pharmacists 34.3% of pharmacists admitted they would dispense prescription drugs willingly for physicians assisted suicides (Rupp & Isenhower, 1994).

In a Gallup poll conducted in 1996 more than 75% of respondents indicated that doctors should be allowed by law to end a patient's life by painless means if a patient or family member had requested in the case…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Research Paper

… Capital punishment is ineffective, inefficient, unfair, and inaccurate. Millions of dollars are wasted in a single prosecution. This means that billions of shillings are spent when prosecuting more than one thousand individuals. There are tedious economic challenges in the states. According to these religious groups, the amount of finance spent on capital punishment could be spent in programs of eradicating crime through other mechanisms in the society. This will surely be of much benefit than simple capital punishment, which is against human rights. There are various social setups in need of financial assistance. Services are needed at various departments as those of mental health societies and law enforcement agencies. Much effort and finance should be spent on preserving and improving life rather than destroying life.…. [read more]


Capital Punishment in America Term Paper

… Capital Punishment in America

Capital punishment is a highly contentious issue for many Americans. However, in order to determine how one feels about the issue of capital punishment, it is critical to have an accurate overview of how capital punishment works in American society? Are most people convicted of capital murder sentenced to the death penalty? Are there racial disparities in sentencing? Are there gender disparities in sentencing? What percentage of the nation's population sits on death row? Do all states have capital punishment? Do the states that have capital punishment impose the death penalty in similar proportions? Knowing the answers to these and similar questions can help people come to their own informed decisions about whether or not they support capital punishment.

First, it…. [read more]


Death Penalty One of the Most Contentious Research Paper

… Death Penalty

One of the most contentious issues in contemporary America is the continued use of the death penalty against certain offenders. For supporters, the death penalty is valuable because they believe it acts as a deterrent against further crime, and implicitly argue that the state is well within its rights to execute citizens. Those who argue for the abolition of the death penalty point out that by any reasonable metric, the death penalty does not act as a deterrent, and even if it did, the state does not have the Constitutional authority to perform executions, especially when they are applied as unevenly and unaccountably as has been the case in America. After examining the evidence for both sides, it becomes clear that the death…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Like Abortion Term Paper

… Montana and Washington still have hanging. Besides the states Alaska, Washington DC, Hawaii, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia and Wisconsin, which do not have the death penalty, the other states only have the lethal injection.

Since 1977, when the death penalty was restored, the number of executions in the United States has been 618. Texas leads the nation with 209 executions. Colorado, Idaho and Ohio have the lowest with one each. The other states' executions are: Virginia-75, Florida-46, Missouri- 41,

Louisiana-25, South Carolina-24, Georgia-23, Oklahoma-22, Alabama-21, Arkansas-21, Arizona-20, North Carolina-15, Illinois-12, Delaware-10, Nevada-8, California-7, Indiana-7,

Utah-6, Mississippi-4, Maryland-3, Nebraska-3, Pennsylvania-3, Washington-3, Kentucky-2, Montana-2 and Oregon-2.

Since 1976, the number of executions has steadily increased with the largest number…. [read more]


Capital Punishment: A Capital Offense Term Paper

… Retired Justice John Paul Stevens, for instance, lamented that "the application of the death penalty does a lot of harm, and does really very little good" (Mitchell). It has been found, moreover, that jurors are "unrecognized victims of the death penalty" because they must "live with their decisions for the rest of their lives" (Mitchell). Mitchell's first assessment, that there is a psychological toll to be paid, is evident in the lives of jurors and Justices who take part in sentencing convicts to death. Mitchell's second assessment, that the death penalty does more harm than good, points to the idea that it is an ineffective deterrent and actually puts more stress upon those passing judgment than on those receiving the judgment. Mitchell's third assessment is…. [read more]


Death Penalty Is Fair Essay

… The question arises, does capital punishment discourage criminals from committing severe crimes in future? The answer is, yes, in case of Texas, where the rate of assassination has dropped below 60% since the state started seriously execution of the death penalty for severe crimes in era of 1990s, when the rate of murder decreased to 33% all across the country. (Vila and Morris, 1997) Lots of people believe it was a Coincidence. It's possible but the effort to implement orderly retribution is an indication of civilization. Nations nonserious to execute their most dangerous criminals represent their citizens and their lives possess no value to them.

In conclusion, the death penalty serves an important function in implementing justice and providing protection against hostility and violence which…. [read more]


Capital Punishment -- Immoral Justice? Research Paper

… Capital Punishment -- Immoral Justice?

Capital punishment is presently one of the most debated topics as a consequence of the mixed opinions that the masses have concerning the practice. While some believe that the procedure is an essential concept of society, others consider that it is immoral and that it stands against the idea of civilization. When looking at things from a certain perspective, it appears that it would be wrong for someone to support capital punishment and to appreciate values promoted in the contemporary society at the same time. However, the truth is that society can sometimes be particularly cruel and that cold blood is needed in certain circumstances. There are some people who do not deserve to be a part of the social…. [read more]


Death Penalty an On-Going Debate Essay

… This author thus presents a very good reason as to why this form of punishment differs so greatly in the United States, which is very helpful in understanding how the states enact various laws, and certainly tradition has a huge impact upon this.

The second article is entitled "Why the death penalty still exists in the U.S.," and is written by Kenneth Cooper of the Boston Globe. Cooper presents the reader with a very different view of the subject, and aims to argue why the death penalty still exists and gives, as an answer, the power of racism in the U.S. In upholding this form of punishment. He makes the following point repeatedly:

"…the death penalty's evolution has been shaped by the emergence of thought…. [read more]


Death Penalty Essay

… Although these conditions can offer mitigating circumstances when providing evidence for criminal competence, it is not necessarily an indicator of incompetence to stand trial and be convicted. While the chapter therefore considers the death penalty and the exclusion of mentally retarded persons from this penalty like the case discussion above, it goes a step further by also considering issues of mental health in this regard. On this premise, the article argues that it is unfair

The Human Rights Watch article, again, focuses only on the mental retardation issue as it relates to the death penalty, voicing a strong and very detailed opinion against executing those with diminished mental capacities. As such, it is far more details in its description and support of the opinion than…. [read more]


Death Penalty in the City Research Paper

… Robert Blecker, a prominent legal scholar has stated that:

My thousands of hours observing daily life inside maximum security prisons and on death rows in several states these past 25 years have shown me the perverse irony that flows from this: Inside prisons, often the worst criminals live the most comfortable lives with the best hustles, job opportunities and sources of contraband, while the relatively petty criminals live miserably, constantly preyed upon (Blecker, N.p.)

This demonstrates the notion that current sentencing practices are inherently unfair. Those who commit relatively minor crimes are receiving disproportionate sentences because of the relative comfort and ease of the sentences of those who commit more dangerous crimes. The death penalty, with its associated isolation of prisoners on death row, allows…. [read more]


Death Penalty. This Is Accomplished by Studying Term Paper

… ¶ … death penalty. This is accomplished by studying different viewpoints in comparison with select ethical theories. Once this takes place, is when we are able to offer specific insights that are showing how these ideas are influencing the views of an individual (when it comes to this issue).

Over the decades, the death penalty has been continually debated based on moral and ethical grounds. This has caused the legal system to go from one extreme to the other depending upon how different morals are applied. A good example of this can be seen with the death penalty declared as unconstitutional during the 1970s (only to be reinstated a few years later). Since this time many proponents have claimed that this will serve as a…. [read more]


Capital Punishment and DNA Evidence Term Paper

… Other features of those twenty-eight wrongful convictions included reliance on apparently erroneous or misleading forensic evidence, and alleged government malfeasance or misconduct, including perjured testimony at trial, intentional withholding from the defense of exculpatory evidence, and intentionally erroneous laboratory tests and expert testimony." (Findley, "Learning from Our Mistakes…," Page 339 -- 340)

Perhaps then, the issue should be taken all the more seriously when those within the system, who are not the alleged criminals themselves, advocate for systemic changes in criminal justice practices:

"The sheer number of exonerations due to innocence in capital cases has raised growing concern and recent calls for further reform.1-33 Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens stated in a speech before the American Bar Association in August 2005 that he believes…. [read more]


Capital Punishment or the Death Penalty Term Paper

… Capital Punishment or the death penalty is the execution of a convicted criminal by the State as punishment for capital crimes or offenses (Wikipedia 2006). It is called "capital" because it literally and historically meant losing the head to punish or deter crime and political dissent. It was practiced in the past by almost all societies but recently, most European and Latin American states have abolished it. In most places today, capital punishment is reserved as punishment for premeditated murder, espionage, treason or as part of military justice. It is imposed on sexual and religious crimes in some Muslim countries; drug trafficking in retentionist countries; human trafficking and serious cases of corruption in countries like China; and court martial cases in world courts-martial for cowardice,…. [read more]


Death as a Theme in Charles Dickens Oliver Twist Term Paper

… Death as a Theme in Dickens's Oliver Twist

Death as a Theme in Charles Dickens's Oliver Twist

Charles Dickens's novel Oliver Twist (1838), his second after his (considerably less dark) the Pickwick Papers (1836-1837) contains dominant themes of social evils and exploitation of the poor (Miller, 1987; Walder, 1993), among others. Another key theme that occurs very often in Oliver Twist, though, although perhaps less overt than some others, is one of death, i.e., including both literal and figurative descriptions, throughout the story, of various characters' deaths; near-deaths; or circumstances having to do with death. Thus within Oliver Twist, Charles Dickens starkly and vividly depicts the degraded and deprivation-filled lives of 1830's London's orphaned; indigent and abused children, and of the many other poor within…. [read more]


Criminal Justice and Capital Punishment Essay

… ¶ … Capital Punishment

Criminal Justice and Capital Punishment

Capital punishment has provoked heated discussion since biblical times. The debate remains as divisive as ever because it sits at the intersection of life, death and the very definition of the word justice. Whether justice requires the death penalty is strictly a matter of how one defines justice. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1977 there have been over 600,000 murders in the United States and just over 1,000 executions.

The first known execution in the territory now known as the United States of America was of Captain George Kendall, who, accused of sowing discord and mutiny was shot by a firing squad in Jamestown in December 1607. In 1622 the next known execution,…. [read more]


Death Penalty and New Studies of Disparate Racial Impact Research Paper

… Race and the Death Penalty

In 1972, the Supreme Court of the United States abolished the death penalty because they found that in the U.S., it had been historically applied to different races in different ways. While death had been a legal punishment since before the founding of the nation, because it had been given out as a punishment in a fair and even-handed manner, for the first time in its history, the United States was country without a death penalty. But this cessation of the death penalty was short-lived as individual states amended their laws to make their punishments appear to be more fairly applied to individuals of all races. But since the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1977, there have been more…. [read more]


Death Penalty Thesis

… This is similar to the old age dunce cap in the classroom. If a child acts up in class, you sit him in the corner with a white cone on his head. Seeing the boy or girl thus humiliated, the other kids will think twice before they follow suit. Instead of sticking the criminal in the corner, he or she is executed. Fearing for their own lives and their sense of self-preservation, the criminals will not commit heinous acts. According to statistics that have been gathered, there is no validity to the deterrence theory at all (Facts 2011). States that have the death penalty reportedly have twice as many murders than states that do not possess the death penalty. Pro-death penalty advocates say that this…. [read more]


Death Penalty Annotations Annotated Bibliography

… Although many legal players seem to dislike the plea, few have taken on its reform." (Appleman, 2010, p. 732) Babcock, in an interview with a legal expert who had served as a public defender the legal expert,

Contemptuously, denounced the common advice, given by appointed lawyers without investigation or regard for the individual situation, to "earn consideration by 'saving the county expense,' and throw[ing] himself on the 'mercy of the court.'" (313) Foltz found this plea-bargaining disgusting: "[t]hink of the spectacle of a court remitting part of a criminal's legal punishment for a money consideration!! [sic] And yet who has not witnessed it?" (314) (Babcock, 2006, p. 1267)

Capital punishment seems to most people in the modern world to be the last vestiges of an…. [read more]


Death Penalty Ethics and Effectiveness Thesis

… Death Penalty Ethics and Effectiveness

Capital Punishment

The use of capital punishment is ethically justifiable for some crimes but is not an effective deterrent to crime. Capital punishment has not proved effective as a deterrent in controlling violent crimes in the U.S. while abolitionist countries such as Canada have shown an appreciable decrease in homicide rates. In the absence of conclusive evidence as to the deterrent effect of capital punishment alternative methods of corrective behavior and recidivism control should be vigorously pursued.

Since the dawn of human civilization there has been a continuous struggle between the good and the bad. Societies evolved and judicial systems were put in place to contain and check criminal behavior. Capital punishment, considered the highest punishment, has been around over…. [read more]


Death Penalty as Justified Murder Research Paper

… Death Penalty as Justified Murder - an Ineffective Method of Crime Prevention

Capital punishment has a history in the United States that goes back to the colonies. The tenet of capital punishment remains one of the most controversial issues in the United States. Since the reinstatement of the death penalty in 1976, 1,151 executions have taken place in the United States (Death Penalty Information Center, p. 1). Thirty-eight of those executions took place in 2008 (Death Penalty Information Center, p. 1). The following research will examine the death penalty from the lens of fairness in a number of special populations. It will then examine the death penalty in its ability to carry out its primary objective, deterrence of violent crime. By the end of this…. [read more]


Death Penalty Is One of Society Thesis

… Death penalty is one of society's most significant issues. It has been discussed and debated for many years, and there are always pros and cons to the issue. However, whether the death penalty is effective and how it is addressed as a matter of public policy is something that needs to be more closely scrutinized. Moral issues and ethical issues are at the forefront of many death penalty discussions, but taxpayer cost and other concerns hover closely in the background, as well.

The purpose here is not to say whether the death penalty is right or wrong from a moral or spiritual standpoint, but to examine it, based on pros and cons, from the standpoint of whether it works for its intended purpose and is…. [read more]


Capital Punishment the Death Penalty Term Paper

… Capital Punishment

The death penalty is an unsatisfactory approach to serious crimes. Trends and the tide of public opinion through the years indicate this. According to Gregg Easterbrook (2000), the main arguments raised by death penalty opponents are the risk of its being used on the wrong person and the inherent wickedness of execution itself. In recent years, however, opponents have been focusing more on the risk of executing the wrong person and, at the same time, believing that technological advancements would exonerate more innocent convicts. Easterbrook says that neither is bound to happen and that modern technology is instead more and more satisfying one of the two main arguments against the death penalty.

DNA fingerprinting is one such technology, which almost infallibly identifies a…. [read more]


Death Penalty (Anti) Historically Term Paper

… Death Penalty (Anti)

Historically, much of the debate over capital punishment has focused on the core moral issue of whether it is right to take a life as a punishment for murder. This moral debate is important and necessary, but because a variety of cultural factors influence a society's sense of morality, it is unlikely that any society can ever reach a complete consensus on this key question. To borrow from Judeo-Christian ideology, there are some who believe in the philosophy of "an eye for an eye" and others who believe in "turn the other cheek," and defend the sanctity of life, under all conditions.

The goal of this paper is to move the debate on the death penalty beyond the core moral issue of…. [read more]


Death Penalty in U.S. How Does Race Impact Its Application Term Paper

… Death Penalty & Race in America

Death Penalty: How Does Race Impact its Application?

The death penalty and the race / ethnicity of those who are actually put to death - and those on death row today - have a long and unfortunate history of linkage, and the issues spawned therein have generated countless debates, research studies, and court decisions. The built-in anti-African-American bias that has existed in the capital punishment milieu for years has many facets and many unfortunate realities. What's more, the U.S. criminal justice system that is institutionally prejudiced against people of color is flawed to the point that, on a regular basis, men on death row are being dismissed from incarceration because, upon deeper investigation, they were innocent to begin with.…. [read more]


Capital Punishment (Pro) Capital Punishment While Being Term Paper

… Capital Punishment (Pro)

Capital punishment while being a deterrent against crime enables justice for the victim and society and saves costs. At the same time it does not wrongly execute minorities or the innocent, and hence capital punishment is to be implemented.

Capital Punishment

What do we mean by Capital Punishment? Capital punishment is the capital punishment. This is imposed in the present day and was also applied in the medieval period as a punishment for a variety of offences. The Bible too supports death punishment for murder and other offences like abduction and practicing witchcraft. When the expression capital punishment is used, extremist from either side shout and shriek. One camp might be in favor of prevention while the other one may hold the…. [read more]


Death Penalty Term Paper

… What must also be remembered, although this is no excuse for the horrendous acts of crime that the murderers perpetrate on their innocent victims, they have all suffered from the traumas of a miserable and abusive childhood, and the very same society that is quick to condemn them now did not in any way support them when they needed it the most. In fact, if all the money that is now being spent on the issue of death penalty were to be utilized for the better purpose of improved education, better child care, and so on, then there would be a definite decrease in crimes of this type where the perpetrator would have to be put to death for the crimes that he had committed.…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Death Penalty Is an Ultimate Term Paper

… Capital Punishment

Death penalty is an ultimate and irreversible form of punishment and hence requires judicious scrutiny. It is ridden with complexities and in the absence of consistent and conclusive evidence supporting its deterrent effect it cannot be unequivocally endorsed. However, capital punishment is acceptable under critical circumstances where the offender poses a serious threat to undermine the safety of the society.

Ever since the birth of civilization human society has been continuously striving to maintain justice, peace and harmonious order. But crimes and injustice have been an inevitable part of the social fabric. Consequently, every society in the world formulated their own codes to regulate human behavior and to contain crimes by including punishments. Judicial systems evolved in different parts of the world defining…. [read more]


Capital Punishment Currently, 38 Term Paper

… Georgia, the Supreme Court also ruled "the statutory system under which Gregg was sentenced to death does not violate the Constitution."

The reversals in decisions occur at all levels of the judicial system. As noted earlier, changes in the composition of the state supreme courts could greatly affect decisions whether death penalty cases are upheld or overturned. The geographic location and convictions of individual prosecutors affect whether or not cases are prosecuted capitally. Different judges and prosecutors have already evidenced different interpretations of the Eight Amendment, with particular emphasis on the phrase "cruel and unusual."

Currently, surveys show that at least 60% of Americans favor the continued practice of the death penalty in the United States. Thus, any state initiative to ban the imposition of…. [read more]


Death Penalty: Social Attitudes Term Paper

… The law of God is "Thou shalt not kill," and every system of ethics and code of morals echoes this injunction.

Capital punishment has demonstrably failed to accomplish its stated objectives. In that it neither deters nor prevents recurrent crime.

Capital punishment in the United States has been and is prejudicially and inconsistently applied, in that a vast majority of those executed belong to one racial minority.

The innocent have been executed.

There are effective alternative penalties, and the argument that the only option is no punishment is fallacious.

Police and prison officers are safer in non-death penalty states, and as a result, prison wardens overwhelmingly support abolition of the death penalty. (Taken from MacNamara, 1961)

Mac Namara's final reasons include questionable data, but as…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.