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Apolitical Ecology Term Paper

… Who will win these scrimmages?

The stereotyping of oil companies as great friends of the environment is not a new effort nor will it be over anytime soon. But what matters is the political ecologist's ability to "trace the contextual forces that constrain and direct more immediate outcomes," and moreover the political ecologist must record fully objective explanations of the outcomes of the war between eco-activists, scholars, biologists and other scientists -- and the energy companies like Shell that plan to drill in the Arctic, where polar bears are making what appears to be their last stand as global warming melts the ice floes that they have relied on for eons.

Robbins doesn't say it, but radical protests like Greenpeace activists have recently pulled off…. [read more]

Social Justice and Environmental Term Paper

… Social and Environmental Justice

It is an undisputed fact that the world is becoming increasingly globalized, with technology such as electronic communication making increasing amounts of information and human contacts possible. In general, one is tempted to assume that this would make the world a better, more integrated, environmentally and socially healthy world. Yet this is not the case. Representing modern thought on the subject, Robert Paehlke and Peter Singer attempt to explain the reasons behind the state of the world.

In Democracy's Dilemma Paehlke presents his views regarding globalization and the problems it presents. Being a human problem, the author recognizes that it is a very complex issue, and one that cannot be resolved by a few trite quotes. The "dilemma" faced by democracy…. [read more]

Deep Ecology and Social Justice Research Proposal

… ¶ … Ecology

Source Title: "Historical Consequences of Deforestation: Easter Island"

Pollen analysis on Easter Island has provided a theory regarding the construction of the famous statues on the island that also explains how the society of the island natives first encountered by Europeans was in such a degraded and destitute state. Evidence form the pollen analysis suggests heavy deforestation coinciding with the building of the statues, and shows that once the forests had been depleted, other ways of life for the islanders necessarily changed as well. Reduced amount of porpoise bones after the forests were depleted showed that the Easter Islanders were unable to make boats and so unable to hunt their major protein source; the heavy deforestation of the island led to a…. [read more]

Environmental Justice Term Paper

… S. EPA "cannot lawfully issue a policy" extending Title VI civil rights law to pollution without congressional action. Under current law, continues the California letter, neither state nor federal agencies have the authority to "to deny permits based on the racial makeup of the area surrounding the facility." Furthermore, the "California Supreme Court has determined that hazardous waste laws do not preempt local land use authority." (Payne, 1998)

California EPA concludes that, without congressional action, the administration's unilateral re-interpretation of Title VI law would give the EPA "unfettered discretion to apply statistical data in any way it chooses, create risk assessments without peer reviewed standards, determine that all discharges create measurable disparate impacts by their very existence and treat people differently based on racial or…. [read more]

Environmental Ethics Social Economics and Political Term Paper

… Environmental Ethics and Morality

Ethics and Morality in Matters of the Planet and its Peoples

It is an awe-inspiring natural world that humans have evolved into and inherited. In it, through it, and notwithstanding its fragile underpinnings, for better or for worse (more on the "worse" side than the "better") humans have carved out cities, countries, societies and standards of living. Some societies, such as Western nations like the U.S., the UK, and other European countries, have abused the planet in a mad dash to continually raise their standards of living. This mad dash is taking a terrible toll on the planet. No longer can there be any doubt that the human imprint - lately "carbon imprint" is the operative term - has caused destruction,…. [read more]

Dark Figure of Crime Essay

… Conclusion

Overall, Peacemaking Criminology works well as an intellectual movement but not as an actual means of institutional change in the criminal justice system. Its value lies in its ability to broaden the thinking of leaders in the criminal justice system. It will force these leaders to make a deeper inquiry into the causes of crime and formulate ways for their institutions to alleviate these causes of crime. However, the task of redesigning the criminal justice system to reflect a peacemaking perspective lies with the leaders themselves, not with the movement.

4. Future Crimes


Technology has had a major role on social interaction among human beings. Innovations in telecommunications technology, such as the internet, has closed the gap between people, removing limitations of time…. [read more]

Community Policing Efficacy the Violent Research Paper

… 4-5). Standard policing (professional law enforcement), which entails responding to upsurges in criminal activity by increasing the number of patrol officers, decreasing response times, instituting random patrols, increasing pressure to solve crimes, and arresting more offenders, has been shown to be largely ineffective in deterring crime. The evidence though, has revealed that two criteria produce the greatest benefit to controlling crime: (1) increasing the diversity of approaches and (2) using crime analysis to focus on high crime areas.

Community policing incorporates a diversity of approaches, by spreading the responsibility for crime control among all interested parties. The community policing strategies that seem to have the greatest empirical support (weak to moderate) are: making connections with members of the community, police engaging citizens in a respectful…. [read more]

Lisa Was a Sophomore Essay

… In order for the patient to adapt to her own philosophy, we must get her to accept herself for who she is without seeking approval from others. To do that, we need to ask her what she likes about herself and her life and encourage her to put emphasis on those things in order to build up her self-esteem so that she would be more inclined to adapt to her own philosophy of life.

"One of the main elements of Erikson's psychosocial stage theory is the development of ego identity.1 Ego identity is the conscious sense of self that we develop through social interaction. According to Erikson, our ego identity is constantly changing due to new experiences and information we acquire in our daily interactions…. [read more]

Ethical Issue With Nanomedicine Term Paper

… Ethics in Nanomedicine

The term "nanomedicine" is mainly a reference to the scientific technology called nanotechnology which is used to enhance or sustain health at a small level. This technology is being used in medical domains: such as the processes involved in the production of tissue in the human body; the transportation of drugs that help in the DNA treatment; as well as, studies that concentrate on the diagnostic instruments and procedures. The single most important merit that this form of health sustenance has over other medical procedures is its volume. Its volume is as small as a fragmented particle and this particle influences the duration of the effect of the serum and has a very specific design of deposition. Both these aspects allow the…. [read more]

Bad Cops Term Paper

… Police Misconduct

The objective of this work is to propose a research study on the topic of police misconduct.

Police misconduct is often socio-culturally-based either within or from outside of the police department of jurisdiction and may be avoided through enhanced collaboration between the community and the police officers.

There have been many recent reports of police misconduct alleged specifically as related to officers unnecessarily tasering suspects and other detained individuals with approximately 300 individuals killed by the officers with the tasers in the past eighteen months. Because a recent study has not been conducted relating to police misconduct it is necessary that study be applied in this area in order to understand how to best cope with acts of misconduct on the part of…. [read more]

Robert Towne's Chinatown Term Paper

… Cross -- a man who's dreams of a lasting legacy center around personal profit and magnification of power. The deep contrasts between the wealthy and the poor, between the whites and the Chinese, and between men and women are what make Mr. Cross' acquisition of the American dream possible. He is able to bilk hard working Americans out of their money, land, and water for the very reason that they think a better life is possible. Chinatown serves to tell us that the American Dream is realized only by those who sell the "fool's gold" of its ideology to others. In other words, everyone wishes to escape Davis' prison, so the men who built it provide a hierarchy of undesirability to manipulate and amplify the…. [read more]

Exxon's Oil Tanker Valdez Ran Aground Term Paper

… ¶ … Exxon's oil tanker Valdez ran aground in the Alaskan region of Bligh Reef in Prince William Sound. The accident caused an unprecedented oil spill, causing more than 11 million of the crude go wasted on the surface. The accident was largest of the oil tanker spill in the history of United States. The impact of the spill was disastrous, much because of the reason that the spill can not be controlled. The crude spilled in South Alaskan region coast, affecting areas of Prince William Sound, the Kenai Peninsula, lower Cook Inlet, Kodiak Archipelago, and Alaska Peninsula. The affected territory included three national parks, five State parks, four State critical habitat areas, and a State game sanctuary. The oil spill reached the shoreline nearly…. [read more]

Popularized Social and Cultural Trends Thesis

… But even this assumption has given way to other kinds of considerations as new forms of affordable, interactive technologies are finding favor across socio-economic, gender, racial and other classes (Morrissey and Manning, 2000). The fact is that access to new forms of learning is being seen by students and teachers alike as a very desirable way to learn more than what schools have to offer. (See

A related problem is connected to the cost factors for governments as they struggle to pay for American and other national educational directives and systems. Continuing and/or nonstop learning through programs in communities is expensive. It requires large amounts of time and money as well as psychic energy, and these resources are becoming difficult for individuals and governments…. [read more]

Politics and Ecological Sustainability Article

… Politics & Ecological Sustainability

The relationship between politics and ecological sustainability has involved an inverse power struggle between political leaders whom seek to enable corporate success and the ecologists whom fear the poisoning of the earth and other forms of ecological damage. Ostensibly, this relationship is facilitated and watched within the auspices of Greening Environmental Policy, (Litfin, 1996). According to Litfin (1996), "Greening Environmental Policy grapples with sustainability beyond narrow economist and technical parameters to which it is often confined, thus the term greening, which entails participatory politics as much as ecological sustainability." (Litfin, 1996)

Greening Environmental Policy describes the link between participatory political debates to that of ecological sustainability. Certainly, however, such policy is destined to be a misleading representation of the true effect…. [read more]

Analyzing Abolishing the Death Penalty and Capital Punishment Term Paper

… Abolishing the Death Penalty/Capital Punishment

Social evolution seems to have triggered people and countries across the globe to a consensus regarding certain practices. Many countries seem to have agreed that some practices must be stopped, as a way of maintaining the dignity of humanity. Slavery and sacrificing humans as a ritual are some examples of the practices that the world now largely abhors and frowns at. Physical torture of humans is yet another practice that is fast being dropped by many societies. Although vestiges of some of these practices still exist, they remain isolated and far from the normal and universally acceptable behaviors and cultures. That means the practices have largely been shunned and that they have no room in modern society.

Historically, however the…. [read more]

Environmental Impact of Coal Mining in Appalachia Thesis

… Environmental Impact of Coal Mining in Appalachia

An aerial view of mountaintop removal mining

The issue of coal mining in the Appalachian regions has in recent years been the cause of much debate and contention. The central concern in this debate is the dramatic and severe impact that coal mining has had on the environment of the region. In the age of global warming and climate change the issue of the devastation of the natural environment through mining methods such as mountaintop removal mining (MRM) tends to evoke strong and critical responses. The following is one example of these critiques.

When it comes to coal, perhaps the only thing more controversial than what to do about the heat-trapping carbon dioxide it generates is what…. [read more]

Is Genetic Engineering a Solution to the Food Security Problem in Developing Countries? Term Paper

… Genetic Engineering of Food

"Protagonists argue that genetic engineering entails a more controlled transfer of genes because the transfer is limited to a single gene, or just a few selected genes, whereas traditional breeding risks transferring unwanted genes together with the desired ones. Against that advantage, antagonists argue that the side effects in terms of potentially adverse impacts on the environment and human health are unknown…" (Neilsen, et al., 2000)

Genetically Modified food (GM) has been controversial since it first appeared on the agricultural scene several decades ago. While the corporations that produce GM seeds and foods -- notably Monsanto, the giant international corporation -- assert through myriad public relations strategies and studies that these genetically manipulated products are safe, serious questions remain. Monsanto, in…. [read more]

NAFTA Historical Beginning Term Paper

… 3. A panel of experts was utilized to handle disputes.

The creation of CUSTA sparked interest from Mexico. The free trading area or FTA spanned greater than 360 million people, and $6 trillion in annual output. NAFTA may also be considered a link to two of the largest trading partners to the U.S.: namely Mexico and Canada.

History Bibliography:

Mariama W. Williams, A Brief History of GATT and NAFTA; Women's Alternative Economic Network

Gary C. Hufbauer, Reginald Jones Senior Fellow and Diana Orejas, NAFTA AND THE ENVIRONMENT: LESSONS FOR TRADE POLICY, Institute for International Economics (2001)

Daryll E. Ray, Director, Agricultural Policy Analysis Center Melissa B. Cooney, NAFTA and the Small Mexican Farmer, Graduate Research Assistant University of Tennessee

US-Mexico Chamber of Commerce.

NAFTA Objectives…. [read more]

Have We Underestimated the Importance of Water to Human Geography? Essay

… ¶ … Water

to human geography?

Human Geography is the study of features and phenomena on earth that are human-made features. Geographers monitor these features and record changes and do so through examining the spatial organization or how it is that land features, humans and human-made features are arranged upon the earth. The human being's use of space on the earth greatly affects the environment of the earth. For example the construction of dams, roadways, highways, and bridges, as well as construction of homes and business structures, have drastically changed the landscape of the earth.

Facts and Statistics on Water Use

The work of Singh (2007) entitled: "What is Human Geography" states that there are two primary issues concerning the world's water:

(1) Scarcity; and…. [read more]

Dream Content as Therapy: Ego vs. Repression Dissertation

… For example: a parent has repeating nightmares, and the child "dreams his dreams " because the child is in a psychic resonance with the parent. The child's dreams end when the parent's does. Four, it might be a repetition of a past traumatic event in current lifetime. For example: a person might dream of a recent rape, a childhood assault or a wartime battle. This type of nightmare is so deeply etched in the psyche that it can require heavy use of behavioral dream-work techniques to modify the content and emotional intensity.

A fifth factor could be that the dream is a depiction of a past or probable life. For example: a client might dream the last events prior to a violent…. [read more]

Bpd Is Related to Secure Attachment Term Paper

… ¶ … Bpd Is Related to Secure Attachment


Overview of Borderline Personality Disorder

Diagnostic Criteria of BPD

Overview of Attachment Theory

Summary of Literature Reviewed


The objective of this work is to write a critical review of the literature about borderline personality disorder (BPD) from an attachment theories perspective. This work will contain references from Bowbly, Ainsworth, and Main in the discussion of secure vs. insecure attachment. Insecure attachment will then be researched regarding insecure attachment as a contributor to BPD. It should also discuss the potential benefits of viewing BPD from an attachment perspective in terms of prevention and treatment of the BPD.

Introduction…. [read more]

Future Wars of the Middle East Will Result Over Water Shortages Term Paper

… Water in the Middle East

Governments around the world have a primary concern over water availability and the Middle East and North Africa are no exception. The thesis evaluates the possibility of future wars throughout the Middle East and North Africa due to water scarcity and limited water resources presently being experienced in that region.

The paper starts by revealing the gravity of the situation by showing the present statistics surrounding the problem of water scarcity throughout the world. Thereafter, the paper highlights the importance of water in the national economy. From then on, the paper briefly discusses the present situation of water scarcity in the Middle East by noting down the present available resources of water in the Middle East. Lastly, the paper briefly…. [read more]

Environmental Ethical Issues Thesis

… Environmental Ethical Issues

The question of the environment is a topic that has become extremely contentious in our modern world. This is related to a concern in many sectors of society at environmental deterioration and a growing realization of the way that human activities affect the environment and vice versa. This is related to environmental aspects such as damage to the atmosphere, the decline of the rainforests and global warming -- and the ways that modern technology and industry negatively affects the environment.

This has led to forums and debates about the ethical responsibly that we have towards the control and management of the environment. For example, there is concern that developed countries such as the United States are guilty of abusing and contaminating the…. [read more]

Pri and Carlos Salinas Term Paper

… Salinas PRI

Carlos Salinas de Gortari and the turning Point for Mexico and the PRI

Mexico is a nation long embattled by poverty, political corruption and exploitation by powers foreign and domestic. This disposition is best captured by a consideration of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), which held the office of the presidency from 1930 until 2000. The dominant political party would be notorious for acts of political and electoral repression as well as for the ultimate mismanagement of the Mexican economy, leading to its fundamental meltdown and its inflation ailment in the 1980s.

1988 would mark a turning point for Mexico, with the PRI candidate Carlos Salinas de Gortari taking office under the heavy shroud of election fraud. Consistent with the hostility which the…. [read more]

Development Theory Brought Forth by Piaget Applied Essay

… ¶ … development theory brought forth by Piaget applied to my life and different phases of my learning processes. The paper also incorporates the views highlight by Santrock in his book "Life Span and Development" and how the heredity aspects and socio-emotional characteristics build a child's cognitive development and personality. Both of these aspects, and others, were also discussed on how my own cognitive development and personality was developed based on the heredity aspects and socio-emotional characteristics that I experienced as a child, personally and professionally, under the social environment and circumstances I grew up around.

A) General Description

Growing up in a joint family, I had the best and the worst of both worlds; I had friends at home and didn't need to look…. [read more]

Ethics in Management Research Proposal

… Ethics and Management

Management and Ethics

In this paper, the author investigates the ethics of business management. After reviewing the literature to determine the concerns mentioned by business ethicists, the author compares those concerns with the concerns of a small business man, as revealed in a case study. The first part of the case study involves a covert participant observation of the ethical practices of a privately-run small business. The second part of the case study consisted of an interview with the small business owner, to determine whether or not he perceived ethical conflicts in the course of his business, and the nature of any ethical conflicts that he perceived. Finally, the author compared the ethical concerns described by the business scholars and commentators to…. [read more]

IR Econ Todaro Notes That Borders Term Paper

… IR Econ

Todaro notes that borders have become more porous, while "national politics (have become) inexorably more restrictive" (2002, p. 575). Despite this internal disjuncture, the fact is that globalization has become more prevalent in recent years, and it has done so across a wide array of global endeavors, from agriculture to business to education and even unionism. The following glimpses of developments in those areas of world events and more will bring into focus the extent to which globalization has arguably gone beyond a measurable phenomenon and into the status of 'fact of life.' The question is, however: does globalization imply interdependence, or some other structure for the world economy?

A measurable increase: Biotechnology

Bartholomew doesn't attempt to convince anyone that globalization is on…. [read more]

Crisis as an Inevitable Feature of Capitalism Essay

… Economics

Crisis as an Inevitable Feature of Capitalism

What were the immediate and long-term causes of the current political economic crisis?

Today's economic and financial crisis began in the rich world particularly in the U.S.A. It has been referred to as a financial meltdown, storm or credit crunch. Credit crunch is an economic condition in which investment capital is hard to get. It means that there is hardly any credit available for investors. For the rich countries, it has created panic and has been seen as the worst in recent years and has been compared to the 1930 great depression. In other words it has been a big crash or a bust (the Current Economic Crisis, its causes, its impact and possible alternatives, 2009).

Even…. [read more]

Australian Law on Torts and Defamation Assessment

… Australian Law on Torts and Defamation

Tort Law in Australia

Tort law has assumed increasing relevance and importance in recent years in Australia and the country has gained the reputation for being a highly litigious society based on a growing number of tort cases. In this regard, Clark notes that, "A great deal has been written of the emergence of a culture of 'blame and claim' in Australia. Australia has become a very litigious society with rates of litigation that now match or even exceed parts of the United States. Australian culture has departed from the concept of personal responsibility in exchange for embracing a culture of blame" (2007, p. 140). This culture of "blame and claim" holds important implications for the adjudication of tort…. [read more]

Feminists Critique of International Relations the Gendered Politics of International War and Peace Research Paper

… Gender and International Relations

International Relations in perspective

Gendered issues in the realm of International Relations have not been widely discussed, questioned or researched until recently, according to author Jill Steans. The reason for this lack of investigation into gender and International Relations, Steans explains, is not necessarily based on bias against females or chauvinism to any degree. To wit, historically, the study of International Relations has been focused on relationship between sovereign states, and since the "processes" and the "structures" of relations between states were not understood on the basis of gender, there seemed no link in that regard (Steans, 1998, p. 1)

. However, feminist scholars in the field of International Relations have in recent years pointed to the fact that while, "frequently…. [read more]

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