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Defend the Ethics of Your Values Essay

… Defend the Ethics of Your Values by Using One or More of the Four Kinds of Ethical Theories

Personal values development

Although it may sound strange, given that religious values have not formed the core of my moral development, the ethical theory with which I most identify is that of Kantian deontological or duty-based ethical theory. I believe that certain moral values are absolute, and cannot be distilled with situational variables. These moral values include tolerance, respect for other human beings, and the need to make meaning out of one's existence beyond merely serving one's material desires and needs. While some aspects of various ethical systems may vary between cultures, for a human being or a society to be ethically functional, there must be some…. [read more]


Ethics Awareness Inventory Term Paper

… Nevertheless, I have noticed that such an approach can backfire, as what is good for the majority often neglects the needs of minority groups that may not have the political power or sufficient numbers to stand up for their needs. Therefore, I advocate a balanced approach to making ethical decisions, one that accounts for the needs of any minority groups, and one that addresses the needs of each and every person in the organization; but an approach that in the end produces the most reliable results.

Educational experiences have a huge impact on ethical thinking. Classroom learning, I believe is a small step towards true ethical awareness. Academic instruction in ethics and ethical theory does help categorize people so that we can be more aware…. [read more]


Values and Ethics Essay

… However, one of my intrinsic values is being a good friend and thereby I adhered to my personal rule of always helping a friend in need. It seems that this action would fall under Kant's proposition that to be morally correct, one must act from a sense of duty, and that a good action must be both intrinsically good and good without qualifications. This argument is based on the presupposition that good consequences do not necessarily prove good morals because an positive outcome could be accidental, unintentional, or motivated by bad intentions. Kant's standard of measurement for morality is good will, or in other words the willful behavior of a person who is acting out of respect for a moral law regardless of the consequences.…. [read more]


Ethics and Leadership, Forming Research Paper

… ¶ … ethics and leadership, forming a set of principles that can be applied in my particular leadership role. The paper is organized according to the principles that I have learned. This paper is divided into 3 three sections. The first section discusses philosophical and historical background of ethics. The second section fashions the role of educational leadership and its links to ethics and assesses how the two have evolved over time. The third and last section discusses my personal view of ethics within the role of educational administration.

Ethical Frameworks

In the Western custom, the debate of ethics dates to Plato (427 -347 B.C.) as well as Aristotle (384-322 B.C.). The origin of the phrase "ethics" is from the Greek word ethos, "which means…. [read more]


Codes of Conduct Essay

… Also, given that the staff understands it will be in session two full working days each year to go over all issues that relate to values, ethics, morals, and responsible journalistic behaviors based not just on this paper's guidelines, but on the code of ethics for other newspapers. The code should be flexible; it should be a work in progress. The Sacramento Bee has taken several months to create its code of ethics, and that gives staff a chance to delve into what other newspapers are using for their ethical codes and gives the newspaper a chance to continually upgrade its values and goals as times change and as technologies advance.

In conclusion, in an age of blogs (which anyone can write without considerations of…. [read more]


Ethics and the Legal Term Paper

… On the flipside, should more people be ultimately injured by the contaminants set free by nighttime emissions at the Hondo plant, George should report the company to the EPA and let it move to Mexico, ensuring that there would be minimal upwind chemical repercussions to the people of his community.

Rights-based ethical decision-making would proffer the same conclusion: George Mackee should not deceive the Environmental Protection Agency. The Rights Perspective offers a paradigm for ethics that identifies certain fundamental civil, political, and economic rights that merit protection for the sake of dignity in each individual. Among these rights are a freedom of conscience and physical integrity; George Mackee should not, for the larger sake of the community's employment patterns hide the actual emissions at the…. [read more]


Defend or Reject: Buchanan Essay

… The Lee's actions of love seem negligible in light of their failure to keep up with the treatment.

The other query would be whether it is the fault of the parents that they conceptualize the medical issue in an entirely different way from western medical practitioners. It is difficult to devise a straightforward answer. I think it is not their fault, but this does not portray them in a different light when it comes to the issue of incompetence. This is not a relative issue since they are within a bigger system that charges parents with the duty of looking after their child's health, and they should discharge this duty. It is, therefore, logical that there is more weight on the attitude and behavior of…. [read more]


Virtue Ethics Deontology Emphasizes Importance Essay

… But what of children who are told to do morally reprehensible actions by their parents? It is also considered a moral duty to obey the laws of the state. But does that mean that all acts of civil disobedience are evil? What of Thoreau's refusal to pay his taxes during the Mexican-American war? Or the civil rights demonstrators' acts of civil disobedience when engaging in sit-ins at segregated lunch counters? Or the hiding of Anne Frank during World War II? All of these actions were transgressions of the notion that we must obey the laws of the land. Some deontologists might argue that in these instances, the laws were contrary to the moral code we should universally obey; but this seems to presuppose some need…. [read more]


Business Ethics Focus on Merrill Essay

… Ford's senior management calculated the cost per life lost on the basis of the National Traffic Safety Administration's data and stated that recall for correcting the problem with the Pinto would cost $121 million as compared to only $50 million for injuries and deaths caused by the problem.

The decision-making process in this case was flawed in that the Ford Motor Company attempted to place value on the life of a human being. How could it possibly be that lives lost totaled less than the cost of a recall and modification to the company's vehicles? This happened because of the failure of the Ford Motor Company and its employee to assign intrinsic value to the life of human beings which would mean that the company…. [read more]


Ethics and Its Impact in the Sports World Research Proposal

… ¶ … Ethics on Sports

"It is only with the heart that one can see rightly;

what is essentially invisible to the eye"

the Fox in the Little Prince

(Kreyche, 2007, ¶ 8).

In sports, "gray areas" regarding whether participating in a particular behavior is ethical or not ethical appear to be increasing. Diana E. Avans (2007), Vanguard University, asserts in the article, "Youth and ethical dilemmas in sport," that even though questions about the athlete's character have been addressed for centuries, the current noted increases in moral dilemmas in the sports' arenas do affect athletes today. Today, along with the reported increase in "gray areas" regarding ethics, professional and business organizations also complain that in society, the lack of honesty is rampant, and that…. [read more]


Kantian Ethics Essay

… Kantian ethics is premised on what ought to be done. It is grounded on reason, a rational calculation of decisions and actions geared for the common good. In this context the common good is predicated on natural law, a set of rules whose universal character of what is right cuts across cultures.

Kant stated that human action is an exercise of reason. Along these lines, reason plays a necessary part in the realization of whatever ends are proposed to us by our empirical natures, i.e. By our experience of objects as providing us with incentives to act. To the extent that we pursue such ends -- ones determined by what Kant calls inclination -- reason does not set any ends of its own. It is…. [read more]


Philosophy Ethics Term Paper

… Ethics

Philosophy - Ethics

In the famous Woody Allen movie Broadway Danny Rose, the title character, played by Allen himself, is portrayed as a moral character who must contend with the vices of others as part of his lot in life. According to Gert's conception of morality, Danny Rose would most certainly fit the category of a morally virtuous person. He does not kill anyone in the course of the film, and we can believe easily that he would never kill anyone willfully. Nor does he cause pain to anyone - at least not willfully. There is one scene in the film in which Danny inadvertently causes someone else pain. When he and Mia Farrow's character are on the verge of being killed by two…. [read more]


Morals and Ethics What Makes Actions Right and Wrong Essay

… ¶ … Ethics

Ethical decision-making paradigms are often presented as a contrast between situational ethics, or individuals who make ethical decisions on a case-by-case basis, and ethics based upon sweeping moral systems (Hursthouse 2007). In general, I favor the latter schema, but I also see value in the former. I think that overall is too easy to rationalize bad behavior based upon situational needs. That is why I stated that 'it is always wrong to kill innocents during wartime,' even though I fully acknowledge that even in just wars, innocents are killed. If everyone upheld the higher moral standard of not killing innocent non-combatants, there would perhaps be no wars, or at least less costly wars. Setting ethical standards, in my view, should be about…. [read more]


Ethics and Moral Development Term Paper

… S. Mill, presents an altogether different perspective of Janice's dilemma. Since Utilitarianism considers the ethical value of an action or behavior based on its outcome, that is, there is an achievement of greatest happiness for most (or majority) of people. In this theory, collective happiness and satisfaction is considered, and not the individual's benefit only. Thus, since the second situation presented, wherein Janice connives with John to present his program as her own in exchange for a raise in salary and promotion, creates happiness for both Janice and John, then this is the action that Janice must adopt. In effect, using the utilitarian perspective, the ethical thing to do when put in Janice's position is to offer John a raise and promotion in order to…. [read more]


Integrity in Personal and Professional Term Paper

… Perhaps the quintessential example of professional situations that require a choice between upholding and violating personal integrity is the legal profession.

O.J. Simpson, was, quite obviously, from the objective evidence available, guilty of double homicide. Private defense attorneys like Alan Dershowitz always offer the convenient excuse that all defendants have a constitutional "right to representation"

(Dershowitz, 2002), but nobody is suggesting that they do not. If defense attorneys in private practice had personal integrity, O.J. Simpson (and other defendants obviously guilty of heinous crimes) would never be defended by private defense attorneys, but only by Public Defenders who are sworn to uphold the constitutional right of (even obviously guilty) defendants to legal representation. Contrary to public perception, attorneys in private practice have absolutely no obligation…. [read more]


Divergent Decisions Term Paper

… It what follows, I will attempt to demonstrate that there is a middle ground to be taken for the purpose of considering what ethical decision is appropriate in a given circumstance when conducting business practices. Donaldson (1996) has formulated a calculus that can be performed by the business manager in order to render ethical decisions in scenarios where the business decision affects a developing country that lacks the same ethical standards as the more advanced country in which the business manager has been socialized to possess ethical codes of conduct:

To resolve a conflict a relative development, a manager must ask the following question: Would the practice be acceptable at home if my country were in a similar stage of economic development (Donaldson, p. 11).…. [read more]


Ethics-Philosophy in This Reading Term Paper

… The only reason he interviewed the wise men was to "find out who is wise, and who pretends to be wise, and is not" and to urge them to seek true knowledge and not be driven by false pursuits of wealth and fame. But since the Greeks did not quite understand his motives and his theories, they accused of being a non-believer who denied the existence of god. However a close and careful study of this long dialogue reveals that Socrates was falsely accused for he indeed believed in the existence of God. For example he clearly indicates that the reason he interviewed the wise men of Athens was because he had been instructed by God to do so. "I went to one man after…. [read more]


Fair Trade Ethics Term Paper

… There are things that society defines as right and wrong -- societies set the bounds for their behavior, and this is Kantian deontological ethics (Johnson 2008). Another system argues that outcomes matter, and this consequentialist philosophy is the roots of distributive justice (Sinnott-Armstrong 2011).

International distributive justice was actually developed after Friedman's article was published, its ideas heavily influenced by John Rawls' A Theory of Justice, which was published in 1971. The concept of international distributive justice rests on the idea of the social contract, wherein human societies have implicit contracts, and in these there is an implied need for fairness in dealings and in allocations (Blake & Smith 2013). Fair trade is this idea applied to the real world, where the profits from enterprise…. [read more]


Ethics in Technology Business Research Paper

… Maximum measures should be adopted in order to restrain the personal information of the user being disclosed to anyone.

There should be a limit until the private information of a user can be stored in the database of the company. After specific period, the personal information of the user must be discarded. The duration after which the personal information of the user is discarded should be clearly communicated to the user.

The personal contact information of a user such as email and telephone must not be forwarded to other parties in order to promote their business. Similarly, emails promoting a certain message or business should not be forwarded to users without their own consent.

No employee of the business should have the access to the…. [read more]


Ethical Problems the Director of Ons Research Paper

… Ethical Problems

The director of ONS (your boss) owns 2,000 shares of Worldview stock and is on the procurement selection committee for the project.

The director should recuse himself from the selection committee. If Worldview is selected for the contract, the director would directly benefit in a financial fashion, given that the value of the stock is likely to increase dramatically. Recuing one's self when there is a direct financial interest is customary in most instances, including in judicial as well as business settings. If the director does not, the committee might be accused of bias by the other vendors, causing ill will with future clients.

Ralph, a network engineer on your project team, has a spouse who is employed by one of the potential…. [read more]


Ethics Politics and Metaphysics Term Paper

… Ethics, Politics and Metaphysics

B) Can a just man be happy, and a happy man unjust? Is there a pleasure or value to being just that perhaps is different from happiness? If so, is this "Just pleasure" of greater value than mere happiness (think about what Socrates or Kant would say here, as appose to Aristotle or Epricurus.) man possessed of virtue, and therefore justice can be happy as "happiness is an end and altogether complete." (Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics Book I Chapter 10)

Yet, a happy man cannot be unjust as a justice is a requirement of complete virtue.

When then should we not say that he is happy who is active in accordance with complete virtue and is sufficiently equipped with external goods, not…. [read more]


Ethics Throughout History Term Paper

… First, the simple reality is that individuals and businesses need to earn sustained and substantial profits in order to succeed. Businesses and individuals who do not market themselves in a way that is profitable are unlikely to succeed over the long run. Next, pursuing profit is not just a single-minded or selfish goal; it fosters economic growth, both for employees as well as the economy in general. By pursuing profit, individuals and corporations are able to contribute to the economy, both in maintaining its current state as well as enabling future growth and profitability.

Third, arguments may be made that pursuing profit is human nature, the result of Darwinism and the "survival of the fittest" principles. By placing a high emphasis on profit, individuals and…. [read more]


Darwin and Determinism All Theory Essay

… " This argument was used by Clarence Darrow in the famous criminal case of Leopold and Loeb. Leopold and Loeb, the teenage sons of two wealthy Chicago families, were accused of kidnapping and killing a 14-year-old boy for their own amusement in 1924. Darrow based his argument on the claim that his clients were not morally responsible for their actions, but was ultimately the product of casual variables beyond their control. In the end, Darrow was able to successfully commute the sentences of Leopold and Loeb from the death penalty to life in prison. In demonstrating that the experience of conscious will is an evolutionary adaptation that allows for the modification of particular behavioral algorithms similar arguments for behavioral determinism become difficult to defend. A…. [read more]


Personal Values Development Current Value Positions Religion Essay

… Personal Values Development

Current Value Positions

Religion

I believe that there is a kernel of social value at the center of most contemporary religions in my social culture. On the other hand, it seems that it would be much healthier to promote the kernels of social benefit and do away with the rest of religious values because the harm they do cannot be outweighed by any suggested benefits. It has also become obvious to me that people tend to believe whatever religion their families introduce them to early in life and that everybody uses the same mechanism (blind faith) to justify totally different belief systems.

Same-Sex Marriage

I believe that homosexuality is generally not a "preference" at all but a feature of genetics and environmental…. [read more]


Ethics in Business Ethical Problems Essay

… Ethics in Business

Ethical problems faced in the workplace

The ethics of gift-giving in business: A case study of the medical profession

Ethical problem in the workplace

One ethical problem which frequently arises the workplace and in many industries is the question of giving gifts to clients or using free 'perks' to attract business. In the pharmaceutical industry until recently, it was extremely common to give gifts to doctors to encourage physicians to take an interest in prescribing a drug. Although a 'quid pro quo' agreement would have been blatantly unethical, the practice of giving free trips, meals, and office supplies to doctors by corporate entities raises ethical questions about the extent to which this might influence physician's beliefs and attitudes towards a drug. "Companies…. [read more]


Religious Ethics in Comparison Dissertation

… For the second Precept ("…would you sell an employer's secret to a competing company?") men and women both indicated they would take the money and sell out their employer. Men and women both said they would violate the third Precept ("…would you leave your girl/boyfriend or separate from your spouse?") and they would also take the money by going against the 4th Precept ("…would you falsify a report saying a client was a good risk when he wasn't?"). But men were more likely to agree with the 5th Precept ("…would you drink a bottle of whiskey every day for a year?"). If there was a similar study of Christians or Muslims one could fairly compare those two denominations with this Buddhist investigation, but those studies…. [read more]


Agrees That Ethics Research Paper

… This principle is particularly problematic in today's society as evidenced by the debate over health insurance that is presently plaguing the country.

IV. Ethical Theories

Each of these principles is important and should be honored as much as possible. Unfortunately in the real world there are situations where one principle may have to be compromised in order to real the best result. For example, there may be a situation where the principle of justice might need to be sacrificed for the sake of beneficence or vice versa. This is to be expected in the health care arena as difficult decisions are often presented. In this regard, as a practicing Roman Catholic I can expect such circumstances to appear often. My responsibility is to establish a…. [read more]


Ethics of Discarded Computers Term Paper

… Moreover, the odor of burning plastic is so strong that classes at a nearby school are forced to close at times. Sixty percent of students and as many teachers cough and have breathing problems (Fackler 2002).

Villagers are becoming richer, however it is at the health of their neighbors as well as their own. This region now has an estimated 2,500 computer waste businesses. The majority of them are family owned, employing as many as 100,000 people, many of them are migrants from other parts of China. Where once they picked through pig bones and duck feathers, now they deal in integrated circuits, e-trash (Fackler 2002). Most villagers welcome the computer trash, even though it does poison their water and creates an unnatural, unsightly landscape…. [read more]


Personal and Organizational Ethics Essay

… The actions have also led to changes in the way policy makers define and describe the parameters of the mortgage market. Politicians after the fall of the housing market and the legal battles that ensued from wrongful foreclosures resulted to setting up laws for the market and reforming entities like Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae. The reaction of the society, legal, and political facets to the unethical practices by Bank of America and other lending institutions indicate several aspects of business ethics.

This case supports a principle of business ethics that people are only willing to deal with a business with clear ethical values and who acts honestly even when contrarly to the market practices. A business's ethical values will create trust with clients and…. [read more]


Ethics Case Study

… This is the identity of the company and a mark of its excellence as well. The company has been known to produce products that have helped businesses reduce their pollution levels. The company can use this as social capital against arguments that it supports industries that increase environmental pollution. The company can then diversify into other products based on its research and development competency. The company can argue for its environmentally responsible goals by stressing scientific evidence from its research and development efforts. Letting go of a key market and core competency would damage the credibility and reputation of the company as it would be perceived as erratic and marred by knee-jerk responses to ethical challenges.

The second alternative for The Lubrizol Corporation is to…. [read more]

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