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Developed Technology of the Native Americans Before European Settlements Term Paper

… ¶ … Indian-American Technology

Stasis: It is still commonly believed that technology in America began or was introduced by Europeans after the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus.

Between 1000 and 1003 AD or five before Christopher Columbus discovered America for the Old World in October 1492, Scandinavians landed in the Continent but failed to settle permanently (Kishlansky et al. 2007). These explorers' common intent to conduct long-distance sea trade dealt a catastrophic blow on the vulnerable empires and tribes of the Continent, then isolated for more than 25,000 years from the rest of the world. When European explorers reported back to their base about the presence of wealth in the Continent, Spain sent more expeditions of conquistadores and claimed possession of the Continent Spanish…. [read more]

Native Americans Essay

… The Trail of Tears refers to the path that the Cherokee were forced to take after leaving their land and heading to Oklahoma in the brutal winters of 1838 and 1839 (2010). It is reported that about 5,000 Cherokee Indians lost their lives out the approximately 18,000 that were forced to go on this trip that was over 800 miles long (2010).

Marriage between Cherokee and Europeans were common in the 19th century; however, a well-know figure in Cherokee history is a man named Sequoyah who was of French-Cherokee heritage who came a generation before it intermarriage was common between white and Indian individuals (Waddington 2006). He is the only person who ever came up with a writing system for any indigenous North American language…. [read more]

American West and Brazil, the People Term Paper

… American West and Brazil, The People Who Lived There First

The American West and Brazil: The People Who Lived There First

This paper addresses the Native American population in the West and compares it with the indigenous people of Brazil. While many people may feel as though there are no commonalities between these two groups, there actually are many similarities that can be addressed. The main similarity, however, and the issue dealt with in the following pages, is the fact that both of these groups of people have been displaced from what was rightfully theirs by others for reasons beyond their control and reasons that they most likely did not understand and would not agree with.

The Native Americans were displaced over colonization and Manifest…. [read more]

Native Americans Are Generally Perceived as Being Book Report

… Native Americans are generally perceived as being an inferior civilization, mostly because the technology they owned at the time of their interaction with Europeans was substandard. However, taking into account data recently discovered, it becomes obvious that they managed to develop rapidly without having possession of the means that assisted their counterparts in Eurasia in experiencing progress

Native Americans were underestimated across time, particularly during the last five centuries, as newcomers imposed their cultural values on America's first inhabitants with no regard to the harm they provoked.

Although the masses are not acquainted with most of the technological triumphs achieved by people inhabiting the American continent previous to the fifth century, present day archeologists prove that American civilizations were actually very complex and thriving.

There…. [read more]

European Epidemics on Native American Term Paper

… They thought the goods given to them by the Europeans were gifts for the use of the resources, a custom of their society. This was not the case. They had actually bought the land with these "gifts."

Restriction of The Native Americans' food supplies, the following malnutrition, worsened by alcohol they were plied with by the settlers, as well as the recurring epidemics of European diseases, further depleted the Native Americans and destroyed their lifestyles.


In conclusion, it was not war that wiped out the Native Americans, but diseases such as smallpox, measles, malaria, and influenza. Native Americans had no resistance to these diseases and entire tribes were soon decimated by fast-spreading epidemics.

Before the Europeans came to America, the Native Americans had a…. [read more]

Peace Keepers of the Northeast Research Proposal

… Peace Keepers of the Northeast: The Iroquois Indians

The Iroquois Indians were a large group of various indian tribes who resided along side the Genesee River, the Mohawk River, and the Lake Ontario regions in New York around 1600. Iroquois is a French word used to mean "a large family." It is not solely one tribe or group of Indians, yet it was a vast series of various tribes, all of who shared a similar culture and language. Five large Iroquois tribes joined together to form a confederacy which was called the League of Five Nations. The five tribes who formed this confederation were the Mohawk, the Oneida, the Cayuga, and the Seneca. Later the addition of the Tuscarora tribe made it the League of…. [read more]

Illegal Immigrants in the U.S Term Paper

… ¶ … illegal immigrants in the U.S. And the possibility of legalizing their status. The article shows: how illegal immigration is currently being dealt with, the views of people on the issue and the flexibility being exhibited by the government. The author makes it clear that while illegal immigration has always been a problem for the country and most people feel country must be protected against such immigration, still illegal entrance into the U.S. should not be criminalized. Very few, if any, percentage of people interviewed supported felony status, the rest felt that while it was not correct to let illegal immigration prosper, there was also no particular need for categorized it as a crime or serious offence.

Illegal immigration is a problem, which the…. [read more]

Americanization of Foods by Americans Essay

… The Americanization occurs through experimenting and tweaking ingredients ("America's Take on Ethnic Food" par, 1). Generally, the Americanization of foods simply implies that cultural dishes or foods are transformed to suit the prevailing taste profiles of Americans. Actually, success on the American food business is dependent on pleasing the tastes and palates of the slightly exploratory customers. In addition to consideration of the customers' tastes, foods from different cultures are Americanized depending on the availability of ingredients.

Examples of Americanized Foods from Different Cultures:

The food throughout the United States is as varied as the citizens and residents of the country, which acts as a melting point for different cultures. It is quite evident that an American food culture does not exist since the country's…. [read more]

Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]

French Fur Trade Term Paper

… ¶ … discovery of the "New World" came an increased need for European nations be competitive for resources. The concept of mercantilism that drove European political and economic understanding argued that there were limited resources and that power is granted to the class of individuals who can first recover this source of wealth. When French and English governments saw that the Spanish returned from America filled with reservoirs of precious metals and gold, they also wanted to be included in the wealth of discovery. Even as Columbus continued to comb the West Indies, both France and England sent explorative teams to the northern reaches of the American continent. Through their discoveries one of the most important early products from America was commoditized. By the time…. [read more]

Historic Expedition, Lewis and Clark Term Paper

… Occasionally, the expedition came into direct conflict with the Native American tribes that they encountered. The expedition's plans to bring peace between the Indian tribes meant that the Americans would provide guns to the Nex Perces and the Shoshoes. The Blackfeet opposed this plan, fearing that it would hurt their power in the region. As a result, Blackfeet warriors tried to steal the expedition's guns, but the raid resulted in the death of two Blackfeet warriors. This was the "first act of bloodshed between the western Indians and representatives of the United States" (PBS). From this point on, the relationship with the Blackfeet and the Americans was strained (PBS).

In conclusion, the Lewis and Clark expedition often used the Native American tribes they encountered to…. [read more]

Immigration and the American Dream in Junot Diaz's Drown Term Paper

… Junot Diaz's Drown is a collection of stories that tell of the contemporary misery and urban despair that can grow from poverty and "uprootedness" from one's own cultural setting. Diaz's protagonists are immigrants from the Dominican Republic, many of whom are coming of age in a polarized America. Their stories are even more relevant and poignant in the light of recent proposals of immigration reform and challenges to the American Dream.

This paper argues that immigration is a foundation of the American Dream, and that recent clampdowns in immigration quotas and other immigrant-unfriendly measures threaten the American Dream. The current backlash against immigrants is actually a historical recurrence. However, as Diaz shows, the vast majority of immigrants into this country come with hopes of having…. [read more]

Southern California Frederick Jackson Turner Term Paper

… Russia, Britain, and the U.S. all laid claim to parts of California and wanted to claim it for themselves. In the 1840s, Britain had the strongest claim "because of its sea powers and firm foothold in Oregon, and because British investors held huge financial claims against the Mexican government. Rumors that California would be used to pay off the debt provoked considerable alarm and anger in the U.S." (Fehrenbacher, p. 22).

While the shift would soon move to Southern California, at this time, American interest in California as a whole "centered upon the economic and strategic importance of San Francisco Bay" (Fehrenbacher, p. 22). Despite American attempts at gaining ownership, it was finally the Mexicans' fear that what had recently happened in Texas would happen…. [read more]

Cultural Perceptions of Time Term Paper

… The regional or ethnic subsets I will examine are: the Bantu-Kongo of modern Nigeria, the Nguni Zulus of modern South Africa, and the Akan of central and southern modern Ghana and parts of the adjoining eastern modern Cote d'Ivoire,. Additionally I will discuss other regional affiliations of Africa based on the importance of the issue the history of the particular culture gives testament to.

The Bantu-Kongo region is defined as: "Kongo" refers to a cultural, linguistic, and historical group of people that is descended from a larger body of Bantuspeaking communities who migrated south from the Benue-Cross river region of present-day Nigeria into the equatorial forest of West Central Africa and beyond." (Fu-kiau 1994, 17)

The three factors to be analyzed as foundational to the…. [read more]

Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gangs: Threat to National Security? Thesis

… ¶ … predominantly Latino Gangs, Mara Salvatrucha (aka MS-13), and the 18th Street Gang operating on the streets of communities across America. This study is significant because it will provide a snapshot in time concerning how these violent gangs operate in this country in ways that can inform and alert both civilian society and government agencies concerning optimal responses to the problem created by these gangs. Through a quantitative and qualitative analysis of documentary evidence and governmental statistics about the Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang, this study developed several conclusive findings on the negative effects of these groups in the United States. The Mara Salvatrucha and 18th Street Gang are becoming transnational criminal organizations given the fact that they originated in Central America and…. [read more]

Comparing the Japanese and the Nationalists Colonize Taiwan Term Paper

… Japanese Colonization of Taiwan

Over the past several decades, research has indicated that during the colonization of Taiwan, many different tools and devices have been used by the Japanese during the time period before the relocation of the Kuomintang (KMT) to the island in 1945. Historians, Taiwanese citizens, and scholars have offered various theories for the noted preference by the old Taiwanese to the Japanese rule over rule by the KMT. These theories are based on the significant impact that the Japanese rule had on the creation of a Taiwan identity. An overview of Taiwan's cultural and political history and the sources of its disputed status is essential to understanding the uncertainty surrounding Taiwan identity. This paper will explore and discuss the tools and devices…. [read more]

Playwright Israel Zangwill Is United Essay

… This is fascinating because while Muslim immigrants are deeply diverse of their national and ethnic backgrounds, hailing from as far east as Indonesia to as far west as Morocco, their experience especially in view of the events in recent memory has given them a special sense of unity and formed a superset of ethnicity. The broader Islamic culture militates against time honored American traditions and cultural icons. There is no alcohol involved. Muslims do not even eat the same meat as Americans following instead the Kosher traditions of their Semitic Jewish brethren. Pork is a big no! Muslim girls do not go to prom and are not allowed to date or intermingle with boys. Away from their traditional homelands, Muslims cling much more staunchly to…. [read more]

Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes Dissertation

Traditional Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes: Studies on Origins and History

The study investigates the bamboo flutes found in Southeast Asia, as well as their history and origin. The earliest known extant bamboo flute, a chi, or ancient Chinese flute, from the Zhou Dynasty, discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, dates from 433 BC. Southeast Asian bamboo flutes, diverse in shape and size, vary in the way musicians play them. During the ethnography, a qualitative study, the researcher utilizes an extensive literature review to explore the development of bamboo flutes in SEA and examines the link between these instruments and music, as well as traditions from and beyond Asia.

As the study focuses on the flutes from three main areas: Mainland…. [read more]

Since 1500 a History of World Societies Term Paper

… ¶ … 1500 History of World Societies

European average income per person began to rise in comparison with the rest of the world beginning in about Answer:

1450 b. 1650 c. 1750 d. 1850

All of the following statements characterize world economic development in the 19th century except:

industrialization generated global inequity in wealth and power.

railroads drastically reduced transportation costs.

the opening of the Suez and Panama canals facilitated trade.

the world's leader in importing foreign goods was America.

All of the following technological innovations were crucial to European imperialist expansion in the late nineteenth century except:

the machine gun.

the telegraph.

c. quinine.

The airplane.

Causes of the so-called new imperialism (1880-1914) include all of the following except:


a. economic competition in…. [read more]

Business Culture and Expansion Trends Research Paper

… , Mrs., Miss plus the complete name is deemed respectful; sincerity is considered the very best policy hence no overselling is required; it is considered inappropriate to speak in a loud tone as well; politics, sports, and weather condition are great conversational subjects, and could be fiercely discussed and in order to be a great conversationalist, it is important remain present and notified on crucial subjects; it is also recommended to avoid complicating New Zealand and Australia as part of one nation, as they are 2 unique nations. If you are not knowledgeable about New Zealand, hang around prior to your journey to find out about the history and culture (Trevor-Roberts et al., 2003).

c. Religion.

In New Zealand, simply over half of the populace…. [read more]

Principal-Agent Model in Economics Dissertation

… The entire implementation procedure was accomplished in twelve sequential steps, staring mainly from the reduction and the removal of the customs and import quotas among the trading coalition. The Tunisia-EU free area trading agreement after affects and whereabouts are discussed in order to explore the findings about the research question that is the impact of the Tunisia-EU agreement on the trading patterns of Tunisia.

Literature Review

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

The growth of world trade has consistently outstripped rates of world output in post-war years, a trend that has continued to play a key role in the internationalization of economic activity and to deepen global inter-dependence of regions and nations. In 1994 world trade was valued at $5.14 trillion,…. [read more]

Trainbands Those That Were Early Colonies Essay

… Trainbands

Those that were early colonies had made their settlement among pockets of Indian inhabitants and wanted a method of safety. The colonists put together "basic tactical unit" or trainbands (common defense p. 5). Usually, these components were not held to any specific arrangement or values so every colonies trainband differed in organization size and. The structure and background of trainbands actually derives from militia tradition and English history. These units went on from the 15 to the 18 century and were the chief security force until colonies turned out to be more developed and established when it came to being a better militia force.

King Philip's War

King Philip's War, 1675 -- 76, was considered to be the most horrible war that went on…. [read more]

Outsourcing Its Impact the Effects Term Paper

… Till the organizations are not sure about the strategic advantage they intend to achieve from outsourcing, merely outscoring due to cost related benefits is not an optimal choice for hotel industry. The author described that the propensity of Canary Island hotels has been due to some specific priorities such as

Competitive priorities

Reduction of cost

Increasing profitability of firm

Service improvement

Quality enhancement

The companies that decide to outsource some of their services or manufacturing and production processes are impacted in several manners. Firstly, these are a great deal of cost reduction in payroll and procurement of materials. It has been observed that developing economies not only have cheaper human resources but raw materials are also low cost as compared to the developed countries. The…. [read more]

Workings of Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments Term Paper

… Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments

Forest Fire Management Systems

New Technologies

Urban Fire Department

New Technologies

Descriptive Statistics

Suppression Costs for Federal Agencies. Source: National Interagency Fire

Appendix II Figure 2. The tactical priorities of structural firefighting operations

Appendix III Figure 3. Fire Fighter Average Salaries for 2002 (Full Time)

Discussion and Study of Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments

Fire is a destructive force whether it takes place in a the forest or urban setting. A fire of any size causes costly damage to the environment, personal property and even human life. This paper acts as a discussion and study of fire management systems for both the forest and urban style of fire fighting. By studying fire management systems,…. [read more]

Industrial Revolution the Nineteenth Century Essay

… Industrial Revolution

The nineteenth century was a period of time in which great changes were undertaken by human society. This period of change became known as the "Industrial Revolution," and it was a time of rapid transformation in manufacturing, transportation, and society. This led to a rapid increase in human population which in turn led to a further increase in the transformative process. Artisan craftsmanship, located in small isolated villages, developed into an urban, factory-based manufacturing process. Agriculture production increased from subsistence farming to the exportation of huge amounts of food. From a time when people and goods took weeks to travel small distances, whole continents, and indeed the entire world, were connected unlike never before. As a result of these changes in manufacturing and…. [read more]

English Creative Writing in Singapore Dissertation

… Creative Writing in English: Singapore


Singapore is a country in which the learning of the English language has become vitally important. For many students, the learning of the English Language is dependent upon the development of creative writing skills. Creative writing is used as a learning tool because it permits students to write in a manner that allows them to feel comfortable as they become more proficient in using the English language. Creative writing is utilized as a mechanism that allows students to expand their vocabulary and improve comprehension skills. In recent years creative writing in the English language for junior college students and into adult working life in Singapore has been encouraged. The goal of the study…. [read more]

International Regulation of Tourism Term Paper

… "

Lake Vostok has since become one of the few causes of disagreement between the international college of nations with interests in Antarctica; the Lake Vostok problems will be outlined later in this report. It is notable, however, even before the controversy and scientific quandaries that have vexed scientists and nations the past few years. Not since 1858, when Africa explore John Speke first stood on the banks of Lake Victoria, the headwaters of the Nile, has a formerly undiscovered body of water of such magnitude been added to the map of the globe. (In the case of Lake Victoria, however, it was only a 'discovery' to Europeans and Americans and those of other continents; Africans had known of it all along. The same cannot…. [read more]

Guns Germs and Steel the Fates of Human Societies Term Paper

… Guns, Germs, And Steel: The Fates of Human Societies

Jared Diamond's book - Guns, Germs and Steel: The Fates of Human Societies won the Pulitzer Prize, the Phi Beta Kappa Award in Science, the Rhone-Poulenc Prize and the Commonwealth club of California's Gold Medal. (Editorial Reviews: Only some are more extensively competent to mark history with regard to geography and sociobiology. Jared Diamond who is a molecular physiologist at UCLA is an evolutionary biologist as well in the discipline. He was interested in bird watching and for 33 years he was in New Guinea which was a seat of learning of the 1000 languages out of the 6000 languages existent in the universe. This made him to come in contact with an amazing diversity…. [read more]

How Bosnians Assimilated into St. Louis Society Dissertation

… [15: Krogstad & Radford (2017), p. 3.]

Figure 3. Percentages of Americans supporting refugee acceptance: 1958-1999

Source: Pew Research Center, 2017

It is reasonable to posit that the American general public’s acceptance levels for refugees, even from Islamic countries, would be far higher if more people knew about the significant successes that have been experienced by the Bosnian refugee community in St. Louis. For instance, Bhaba and Mirga emphasize that:

Although the U.S. reaction to developments in the Czech Republic provides an interesting case study regarding the evolution of U.S. policy and the relationship between U.S. and European approaches, the Balkans would provide multiple additional and equally illuminating chapters. The U.S. role in Dayton or…. [read more]

Impact of Immigration on the United States Economy Research Proposal

… Immigration

The Impact of Immigration on the United States Economy

Demographic Consequences:

American identity has historically centered on the ethnocentric proclivities of its ruling classes, which are generally constituted of white descendents of European settlers. The result is a nation in which socioeconomic, political and experiential realities are shaped significantly by ethnic background. Thus, even as immigrant groups arrive in the U.S. In numbers that are altering the general demographic makeup of this nation, the American identity continues to revolve on the myth of the white Christian man. A reality which emerges in our research is that America is in one regard moving ever closer to its rhetorical claims of a pluralistic society. But with the steady arrival of peoples from all parts of the…. [read more]

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