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Abnormal Uterine Bleeding and Issues Research Paper

… , et al., 2012).

Vaginitis is one of the most common lower reproductive tract infections; most commonly caused by infections like candida, bacteria, or other bacteria. It is both treatable and less serious than other infections, but has the potential of migrating up the reproductive tract and causing more serious infections. Cervical infection is caused by a variety of pathogens, especially STDs like gonorrhea and chlamydia. These are more severe than vaginitis because they usually reside in the upper reproductive tract and are more difficult to diagnose and treat since they are often asymptomatic (Population Council, 2012).

Works Cited

Azim, P., et al. (2011). Evaluation of Abnormal Uterine Bleeding. Isra Medical Journal, 3(3). Retrieved November 2013, from http://121.52.154.227/Isra%20Medical%20Journal%20Volume-III%20Issue-III.pdf#page=6

Davidson, B., et al. (2012). Abnormal Uterine…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology Essay

… An enhanced perspective in the field of biochemistry has lead to a focus in chemical transactions which take place in the brain of an individual. For instance people who have been diagnosed with bipolar disorder have been found to be having a deficiency in biochemical's known as neurotransmitters. Therefore, when the deficient neurotransmitter is determined then appropriate medical treatment can be administered to a patient therefore enhancing their brain and life quality (Cherry, 2012).

The recognition of dualism which is an interaction between matter and the mind was also key to the development of abnormal psychology as a science. This is what led to two principles of psychology: behaviorism and introspectionism. There is an interconnection between the mind and brain. Emotional experiences alter the chemistry…. [read more]


Abnormal Person Affects, Behaviors, Cognitions, and Perceptions Thesis

… Abnormal Person Affects, Behaviors, Cognitions, And Perceptions

For this study, a person who is abnormal in every sense and connotation of the word was chosen. This person displayed extremely neurotic, paranoid, and often unexplainable behavior in a variety of situations. First of all, the subject proved to be affectively disturbed by exemplifying emotional extremes. For example, this person, a 42-year-old female, displayed an attachment to her 62-year-old mother that was child or infant like in its extremity. The subject screamed and cried whenever she and her mother were threatened with separation, and clung to her mother upon her return. On the opposite end of the spectrum, the subject was shown a variety of photos with horrific scenes that would have excited a negative or sorrowful…. [read more]


Abnormal and Child Psychology Perspective on ADHD Term Paper

… Abnormal and Child Psychology - Perspective on ADHD

ADHD

The disorder of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder - ADHD relates to inattention and hyperactivity. It is a type of minimal brain dysfunction. It is seen in adults and children. There are many theories that are current as to why this condition exists. The person suffering from this disease shows symptoms like having a very short attention span and is over impulsive. A broad spectrum of this disorder is categorized in the order of ADHD. The symptoms vary with person to person and with age groups. One of the common causes for anxiety with children is the behaviour problem associated with this condition. Earlier classification of the disorder tended to be classified as inhibitory volition in the…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology Many Women Essay

… This lingering anxiety may have an effect on the clinicians' behavior towards the patients and even other people in they are in contact with in their daily practice. This anxiety may also affect how effective these clinicians are in their work.

First the lingering anxiety affects how the clinicians relate and behave towards the patients and people around them. They tend to develop a withdrawal behavior towards other patients and other people in general. They will tend to live a sedentary lifestyle with fear of recurrent attacks by patients taking place. So they will tend to withdraw themselves and associate less with the patients and other people since they fear being attacked again. The clinicians may also turn to the use of stimulants and other…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology I Chose to Write Term Paper

… Abnormal Psychology

I chose to write about Attention Deficit Disorder because an uncle of mine (I will call him "Uncle Bill") was recently diagnosed with it. Uncle Bill is about 40 years old and admits he has had a hard time living a normal adult life. He is glad he was diagnosed but also a little confused. According to the research I have found, it is called "ADD" or "ADHD" or "AD/HD," the abbreviation used in DSM-IV. Sources say that it has to begin in childhood but often lasts throughout life, making problems for the person as an adult as well as during childhood (Arcus, 2001). According to Uncle Bill, who was willing to talk to me quite freely about this, his would have been…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology Is Often Misunderstood Essay

… The causes mentioned could possibly occur internally as a result of a disease -- that might be systemic or infectious -- or externally as a result of an injury that might have been traumatic, Sharpsteen explains. The biological medical model "has dominated the psychiatric profession since the last century," the AS Psychology explains. The assumption that underlies this model is that since mental illnesses do resemble physical illnesses, they therefore should be able to be "…diagnosed and treated in a similar way" (AS Psychology). There are problems with this model, however, in that it fails to explain why psychologists have success with "purely psychological treatments for mental illnesses" and with many mental illnesses, "there is no definite proof of a physical cause" (AS Psychology, p.…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology: Theories, Issues, Diagnosis Thesis

… Abnormal Psychology: Theories, Issues, Diagnosis

Abnormal psychology: Definitions of abnormality

What is abnormal psychology? The concept of abnormal psychology implies a controversial question: what is normalcy? On the face of it, abnormality can be defined in a fairly narrow fashion, namely as a deviation from the statistical 'norm.' A good example of this is intelligence, namely that intelligence, as graphed upon a bell curve, suggests that most individuals have a certain range of IQ, as measured upon a test, while only a handful of abnormal individuals are extremely gifted or extremely intellectually challenged (Gilles-Thomas 1989, Lecture 1). Alcoholism could also be defined as such, namely by an individual's consumption of drinks per day, if it vastly exceeds the statistical norm of the population. Few psychological…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology Within Any Society Throughout History Thesis

… Abnormal Psychology

Within any society throughout history, there have been an accepted set of rules and behaviors. Also within every society are those individuals who break those rules and present abnormal behaviors based on deep rooted psychological issues. The history of the scientific discipline of abnormal psychology began with mysticism and religious treatments of such behaviors. However, this was eventually morphed into a scientific discipline through recognizing and studying the various patterns within general categories of abnormal behaviors. Since the onset of the Twentieth century, the scientific study and treatment of abnormal behaviors has been honed down to a variety of separate and individual disciplines that aim to diagnose, study, and treat disorders of abnormal psychology as a way to better the lives of the…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology: OCD Diagnosis and Treatment Term Paper

… Abnormal Psychology: OCD Diagnosis and Treatment

In this case, the reader is asked to evaluate the case of "Jake," who has an obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) which has reemerged after the birth of his child. Jake grew up in a relatively sheltered environment, close to his mother and distant from his father. Always uncomfortable with outside stimuli, Jake pursued a cautious and, in his father's eyes, less than manly life.

Jake had been able to cope with his panic attacks and compulsive concern for cleanliness at various points in his life, including in college and when he met and married his wife, Ally. He was able to tune his environment to cater to his desire for low stimuli: this extended to his wife (who liked quiet,…. [read more]


Anxiety Disorders - Panic Research Paper

… Thus, as far as research and current intervention programs on panic disorder are concerned, combined interventions are recommended to be more successful in treating panic disorder than the application of a specific intervention only.

Panic disorder in the United States has been identified extensively through demographic studies on health. In one of the studies on mental health and vulnerable or at-risk groups to it, research proponent Young (2001) identified individuals afflicted with panic disorder are profile to be between the ages 30-50 years old, mostly white Americans, and are common among individuals who just attended a few years in college or have only attained high school level of education or less (58). This demographic profile provides an insight into the nature of panic disorder itself,…. [read more]


Abnormal Psychology: Schizophrenia Term Paper

… The guideline describes the best and most appropriate treatments available to patients with schizophrenia, including psychopharmacological treatments, ECT, and psychosocial and community interventions. It delineates the process of treatment planning and identifies areas in which research may improve our understanding and management of this condition. This guideline will also help managed care organizations develop more scientifically based and clinically sensitive criteria for the utilization and reimbursement of psychiatric services."

Nonetheless, some people are not exceedingly comforted by available treatments or may too hastily discontinue treatment in view of obnoxious side effects or other reasons. Even when treatment is potent, unrelenting aftereffect of the disorder results in, missed opportunities, disrepute, residual symptoms, and drugs side effects which may be very distressing. The initial signs of schizophrenia…. [read more]


Development of Abnormal Disorder Term Paper

… Psychoanalysis

From a psychoanalytic perspective, Lamanda is suffering from ego identity confusion (Erikson, 1968) that is manifesting itself in symptoms of depression, marked by a lack of interest, anxiety and social isolation. Her ego identity confusion is primary rooted in her biracial status (half African-American and half Caucasian) and also slightly by her experimentation with bisexuality and her transition from being unattractive to attractive.

In its clinical sense, ego psychology is most often associated with Sigmund Freud, who developed the theory of the id, the ego and the superego. Repression also plays a major role in psychoanalytic theory (Goldstein, 1995). Lamanda may be repressing the anger she has about being teased in school for being biracial, about a much older authority figure making sexual advances…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Term Paper

… But while it is too early to pin point one particle variant, we can move on with some certainty towards further research in genetics with the evidence that scientists already possess. Time (1993) published the results of one study conducted by NIMH, "According to research conducted at the National Institutes of Health, at least some cases of the behavioral disorder, thought to affect 3% to 5% of school-age children, are triggered by the same hereditary error that causes an uncommon endocrine disorder called generalized resistance to thyroid hormone .... By treating the underlying biochemical abnormality in these cases, doctors may eventually be able to correct the behavioral problems."

Apart from abnormal brain development and genes, some scientists are also exploring the role played by environment.…. [read more]


Integrative Approach to Psychopathology: Social Anxiety Disorder Essay

… In America, for example, a child is highly likely to develop social phobia if their parents use shame as a disciplinary strategy, and emphasize the importance of others' views (Schneier, 2006). However, this strategy would have no such effect on a Chinese or African child (Schneier, 2006). The risk of developing social phobia also depends on what an individual seeks to gain from interacting with others (Schneier, 2006). To this end, an individual who seeks positive reactions and others' acceptance is more likely to develop feelings of inferiority and insecurity than one who places more emphasis on competitiveness (Schneier, 2006).

Emotional Influences: in addition to determining how a person feels, emotions determine the situation or environment in which an individual will engage, as well as…. [read more]


Abnormal Behavior and Psychopathology Although the Science Essay

… ¶ … Abnormal Behavior and Psychopathology

Although the science of psychopathology is relatively modern, it is reasonable to posit that there ancient mankind was afflicted by mental illness and that there has always been a need for effective ways to treat it. In the not-too-distant past, these problems were understood in terms of magic and religion, but these perspectives have been replaced in Western medicine by a more scientific view of mental illness and abnormal behavior that seeks to understand abnormal behaviors based on their biological, psychosocial and sociocultural origins. To determine how this transition from the magic and religious to the scientific has taken place over the years, this paper provides a description of the origins of abnormal psychology, a brief overview concerning how…. [read more]


Autistic Spectrum Disorders Term Paper

… (Autism FAQ - Similar Conditions)

There is another disease called LKS Landau-Kleffner syndrome which is also called acquired childhood epileptic aphasia. This is a very rare disorder and the patients show normal development and age appropriate language development for the age up to 7 years; then loses receptive language though retains some expressive language; the speech becomes 'telegraphic' with the use of few verbs; the child remains frustrated with the changes that the child observes; the behaviors become autistic; normal or above normal non-verbal scores in IQ; abnormal EEG which would be with or without seizures. Some doctors feel that childhood disintegrative disorder or "late outset" autism may be called Landau- Kleffner Syndrome.

The fifth similar affliction is called PKU "Phenylketonuria." This is a genetic…. [read more]


Genetics and Development Essay

… Notably, these genes can either be dominant or recessive resulting in dominant (visible) or recessive (unseen) traits in an individual (Bartoshesky, 2009). While dominant genes show their effect even in cases where only a single copy of the gene exists in the pair, recessive characteristics are evident when an individual has the gene on both chromosomes of the pair.

Chromosomal and Genetic Disorders:

One of the major factors that contribute to genetic disorders is gene mutation, which normally occurs when a person's cells have been exposed to radiation or certain chemicals or when the cells are aging. Generally, gene mutation occurs when cells contain changes or variations in the genetic information. When there are small mutations is a certain gene, the changes do not affect…. [read more]


Psychosis Schizoid Lifespan Development Essay

… Abnormal Psych-Lifespan Dev't.

What would it be like to have a serious mental illness or psychosis like schizophrenia? Think of being immensely afraid of everyday routines, such as going to the office or having coffee with friends. Think of living life inside a mind that could not distinguish between delusions or hallucinations from reality (Taylor, 1998). This paper will take a look into schizophrenia by describing its common characteristics and basic classifications but will first describe, briefly, the classifications of psychosis and lifespan development.

Psychosis and lifespan development. Patients who suffer from psychosis usually show symptoms in adolescence or early adulthood (Prinel, 2006) but are manifested in patients as early as childhood (Taylor, 1998). Serious mental illnesses are responsible for delaying, altering and even preventing…. [read more]


Narcissistic Personality Disorder Grade Course Research Paper

… Such a female would show different behaviors time to time; being good and loving simply because she wants to use her partner or simply being very affectionate in the public in order to gain attention or appraisal for being good to others. Furthermore, women suffering from Narcissistic Personality disorder are self-centered and prioritize themselves before others. Regardless of their feeling of grandiosity, suffering from such a disorder creates numerous difficulties faced socially as well as occupationally. They suffer from maintaining a long-term relationship with friends, dating partners or spouse and would blame others instead of taking responsibility. A narcissistic adult female would act in every possible way to seek attention from others. To do this, she might dress up in a provocative manner, interrupt during…. [read more]


Oppositional Defiant Disorder Essay

… ¶ … Oppositional Defiant Disorder (OCD) refers to a spectrum disorder on the low end of all those disorders linked to the general disorder group Conduct Disorder. In a sense ODD is usually classified as rule breaking behaviors that do not necessarily develop into socially inappropriate behaviors, though there is some grey area in this subjective characterization, but the basic historical distinction is that ODD symptoms are more rarely associated with actual physical harm to others. (Loney & Lima, 2003, p. 4) in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSMR IV) there are fewer subscale distinctions between general CD (previously viewed as more severe) and ODD. The classification then includes two subgroups of CD/ODD, childhood onset and adolescent onset which each have age appropriate opportunity distinctions…. [read more]


ADD/ADHD Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) Term Paper

… Additional studies (cited in Schwiebert 2002) have also shown that ADHD teenagers are more likely to engage in substance abuse. Students diagnosed with ADHD were two to five times more likely to use cigarettes, alcohol or marijuana than other teenagers without the disorder.

As adolescents and young adults, ADHD patients are also more likely to show signs of sadness, depression, anxiety and a sense of general hopelessness regarding their future. This effect is more felt in teens that are also grappling with issues of peer acceptance and sexual identity. These early signs of depression further add to the burden of adolescents who are already dealing with the effects of ADHD.

Summary of effects

ADHD has a significant effect on a wide host of skills necessary…. [read more]


Separation Anxiety Disorder Thesis

… Separation Anxiety Disorder

Separation anxiety is a very natural reaction and very much a part of the normal cognitive development of a child. However, separation anxiety disorder is an abnormal condition where there is excessive anxiety, which is far beyond the normal level for the particular stage of development of the child. Separation anxiety disorder is a precursor for several psychiatric conditions much later in the adult life. Prompt treatment is essential not only for its remission but also for its effectiveness in controlling the development of future psychopathology. A multimodal treatment program involving cognitive behavioral therapy, family based therapy and appropriate pharmacological intervention if necessary, is the best therapeutic approach to effectively manage the disorder.

Introduction

Separation anxiety is one of the most common…. [read more]


Eating Disorders How the Perception Thesis

… Dynamics of eating disorders and the Perception of Beauty

Eating disorders are medical issues, which, though distinguishable, have more or less similar traits and presented in a variety of angles. Explaining eating disorders like anorexia can take aspects like the development of the condition, the aspect of blame among the individuals and the denial of reality. Others include the discovery and secrecy of the eating disorders, the techniques for recovery and the experiences during recovery among other factors.

Development of Disorder and Blame

Kip Rasmussen (n.d) illustrates that understanding, managing and treating eating disorders is a challenging task. However, what remains is the fact that these conditions relate to some desperate and eventually self-destructive endeavours to "deal with" severe sense of failure and insignificance. This…. [read more]


Autism Spectrum Disorders Wang, K, Zhang Term Paper

… Autism Spectrum Disorders

Wang, K, Zhang, H., Ma., D., Bucan, M., Glessner, J…. & Hakonarson, H. (2009). Common genetic variants on 5p14.1 associate with autism spectrum disorders. Nature 459: 528-33.

These authors set out to examine the specific genetic factors that might be responsible for an increased susceptibility to the developments if autism spectrum disorders, building on previous research that strongly suggested a genetic factor in the development of such disorders. Noting a rising trend in the diagnosis of autism spectrum disorders in children throughout the world and specifically in the United States, the authors explain that research does not support environmental or at least purely environmental causes explaining this trend. Instead, certain correlative indicators that suggested a genetic basis for the disorder and a…. [read more]


Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD Term Paper

… Attention Deficit Disorder or ADD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD is considered to be a general psychiatric problem occurring in childhood and frequently continue into the adulthood. (Szymanski; Zolotor, 114) the Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder-ADHD if left untreated has the prospective devastations for the child and their relationship with parents, peers, teachers and just about everyone else. (Jenson, 40) the magnitude of occurrence of ADHD is estimated to differ from 2 to 20% however; the incidence of this problem in clinical practice is estimated to differ from 6 to 8%. (Johnson, 75) the ADHD is regarded as a neurophysiologic disorder expressed in terms of behavioral features and related to considerable morbidity in the sphere of social and academic achievement and self-respect. The ADHD is actually associated…. [read more]


ADHD Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Essay

… Many adolescents use drugs, and many of those drugs are pharmaceuticals rather than, for example, marijuana or cocaine. I have been reading about the fact that prescription drug abuse is a major problem among all age groups. It is highly likely that the hasty diagnosis of ADHD in childhood and adolescence will lead to serious drug abuse problems later in life, as those children learn that drugs are the answer to all their problems. The medical establishment is acting like a drug pusher.

Moreover, some parents may be pressuring doctors for the diagnosis and drugs because they cannot come up with ways to discipline their children properly. The drug becomes a substitute for good parenting, as many parents are using their child's ADHD as an…. [read more]


Eating Disorder Is Characterized Research Paper

… The client comes into the counseling system either by voluntarily enrolling themselves in counseling, through a friend or family referral or expert advice at a health facility. For typical patients, there may be a history of visiting other systems of care since it is likely that the patient will seek other forms of medical treatment before visiting a counselor.

Role of social worker

As a social worker, the role played will be in the long-term care segment of continuum of care since treatment of the eating disorder falls under rehabilitative care. This is because CBT aims at reforming the individual's cognitive and behavioral issues in order to achieve the goals of treatment.

The social worker is quite different from other practitioners since the social worker…. [read more]


Efficacy of Personality Disorder Treatments Research Paper

… They occur in every culture. The affects of personality disorders are long lasting and are diffuse. People affected by personality disorders are not just the victims, but also the families, and the general communities of those who suffer from personality disorders. Just as with any medical condition, prevention is the best cure, as well as early diagnosis.

References:

Clarkin, PhD, J.F., Foelsch, PhD, P.A, Levy, PhD, K.N., Hull, PhD., J.W., Delaney, J.C., & Kornberg, MD, O.F. (2001) The Development of a Psychodynamic Treatment for Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder: A Preliminary Study of Behavioral Change. Journal of Personality Disorders, 15(6), 487 -- 495.

Giesen-Bloo, J., van Duck, MD, PhD, R., Spinhoven, PhD, P., van Tilburg, MD, PhD, W., Dirksen, PhD, C., van Asselt, T., Kremers,…. [read more]


Speech Disorders Thesis

… Speech Disorders

Introduction and Definition of Childhood Apraxia of Speech (CAS)

According to Powell (2005), most of us take our capability to communicate for granted -- we think of something to say, open our mouths, and the words come out but even though it may appear to be an easy thing to do but the communication process is in fact really complex; and the difficulty of human communication happens to be particularly obvious when we consider about the range that is present among those for whom communication is difficult.

The American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA) defines CAS as a neurological childhood / pediatric speech sound disorder in which the precision and consistency of movements underlying speech are impaired in the absence of neuromuscular deficits -- e.g.,…. [read more]

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