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Diabetes Term Paper

… Diabetes Type 2

Type 2 diabetes can be described a one of the most common forms of diabetes that exists today. It need to be understood that what happens to an individual when he suffers from type 2 diabetes is that he would not be able to produce enough insulin, which is needed for the body in order to be able to use sugar effectively, or perhaps his cells would ignore the insulin that his body is producing. It would help to remember the important fact that it is sugar that provides energy for the body, and unless the sugar is absorbed and taken in to the body and to the blood and thereafter to the cells by the insulin, the individual would suffer from…. [read more]


Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) in the US Essay

… IV. If drug-treated victims do not reach the above objectives of maximum accepted starting treatment, a decrease in cholesterol levels is an alternative step

V. Combination treatment has been shown not to provide additional heart benefit above the starting treatment alone and is not recommended.

VI. Work with nationwide and local commercial partners in motivating local public health groups to meet the nationwide objectives.

VII. Patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) should be referred to an effective continuous assistance program concentrating on weight-loss of 8% of body weight and increasing exercise to at least 150 min/week of average activity preferably walking (LeRoith, 2012).

Recommendation

Accumulating evidence strongly suggests that the majority of T2D incidences can be avoided through changes in lifestyle and diet. However, the…. [read more]


Type 2 Diabetes Research Paper

… Diabetes mellitus is a disease that results from body's cells inability to absorb glucose once it has entered the body (American Diabetes Association, 2013). There are multiple types of diabetes: Diabetes Type 1, Diabetes Type 2, and Gestational Diabetes. Although the overarching idea behind each of these types of diabetes is the build-up of glucose in the blood, the way that each type affects the body is different from one another. Type 1 diabetes was once known as juvenile diabetes because it was thought to be an autoimmune disorder that occurred in only children (American Diabetes Association, 2013). However, type 1 diabetes could also develop in adults. This type is characterized as insulin-dependent because it requires that the individual inject multiple dosages of insulin in…. [read more]


Type 2 Diabetes Essay

… al., 1996).

The fact that was significantly highlighted during the study was the body weight of these people. The respondents engaged in the study were normal weighted; however, few respondents were even underweight. The study proved with evidence that obesity does not cause diabetes type 2. Furthermore, the study also claimed that the issue of fatty liver is not only found amongst Asian descents, but people residing in industrialized nations have a greater probability to suffer from it (Lovejoy et. al., 1996).

The experts conclude from the new research studies that the obesity is not a leading cause that results in the development of type 2 diabetes; rather, it is one of the symptoms of the syndrome. According to some schools of thoughts, the relationship…. [read more]


Diabetes Concept Map Essay

… Again, this is not always a result of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and pancreatic degradation is more commonly associated with the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, however if Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus progresses far enough the pancreatic degradation will result in similar consequences and insulin therapy might eventually be required (Feinglos & Bethel, 2008; Levene & Donnelly, 2011). As with any disease brought about by and/or causing tissue degradation without a foreign agent's presence, allowing progression of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus will increase the degradation of pancreatic tissue and continue to exacerbate the disease (Levene & Donnelly, 2011). As the Islets of Langerhans continues to structurally degrade, the functionality of the pancreas degrades and the body's ability to produce and process insulin and so…. [read more]


Diabetes Type Analysis Research Paper

… It is more common in African-Americans, Latinos, Native Americans, and Asian-Americans, Native Hawaiians and other Pacific Islanders, as well as the aged population.[footnoteRef:3] [3: http://www.diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/type-2/?utm_source=WWW&utm_medium=DropDownDB&utm_content=Type2&utm_campaign=CON ]

In diabetes type 2, due to insulin resistance, fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. Accordingly, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy.[footnoteRef:4] [4: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmedhealth/PMH0001356 / ]

In 2005, the sixth major cause of death in the U.S. was diabetes. The same year, 5,193 adults in Florida died from type 2 diabetes.[footnoteRef:5] [5: http://www.cdc.gov/chronicdisease/states/pdf/florida.pdf ]

3- Conclusion

Who is at risk?

Increase in type 2 diabetes among children and adolescents have emerged with alarming increase in the number of young people. Family history and obesity become major risk factor…. [read more]


Diabetes Management Diabetes Mellitus Essay

… Management

Management

Management includes use of an insulin pump or lifelong daily insulin injections. There is also a need for regular blood glucose level tests, regular physical exercise and healthy eating.

Management includes healthy eating and regular physical activity. The lifestyle modification is critical to lower the level of glucose in the body. Management may also include regular taking of blood glucose-lowering tablets.

(Maple-Brown. Sinha. & Davis 2010).

Case Study

The case study below reveals the method the type 1 diabetes could alter pathophysiological condition of an individual, which consequently leads to the development of the chronic condition. Josh is a 9-year-old Australian-Aboriginal boy living with his parents, his grandmother (who is NIDDM) and two siblings. Over the last few months, Josh mother has noticed…. [read more]


Diabetes in Australia the Australian Essay

… In both cases, the other similarity they have is that early detection, effective treatment and continued good management can significantly lead to reduction in the diabetic related complications and even death.

Differences; according to Rheem G., (2013)

While Type 1 diabetes is basically an auto-immune disease where the cells responsible for producing insulin in the pancreas are attacked by the immune system and the person has no control over this, the Type 2 diabetes is caused by predisposition to risk factors as docile living conditions, poor diet and obesity.

While Type 1 diabetes renders the patient dependent on lifelong injection of insulin into the body to help manage the blood glucose levels, the Type 2 diabetes can be managed through change of lifestyle.

Type 1…. [read more]


Diabetes Type II in Adults Term Paper

… Diabetes Type II in Adults

CONFRONTING a DREAD DISEASE

Insulin is a hormone released by the pancreas to bring glucose to the cells so the body can use it for energy (University of Maryland Medical Center 2008). If this does not happen, the body has nothing to use for its functions. Diabetes develops. There are many types of diabetes. The most common are type 1 insulin-dependent, type 2 non-insulin-dependent and gestational diabetes. Type 2 is lifelong and characterized by high sugar levels trapped in the blood instead of flowing into the cells. This type develops when the body does not respond correctly to insulin. It is often accompanied by obesity and insulin resistance. Because the cells are not getting the needed insulin, the pancreas produces…. [read more]


Diabetes in School Children Research Paper

… Diabetes in School Children

What is diabetes?

Diabetes is a metabolic disease where a person has high blood glucose as a result of inadequate production of insulin or when the cells in the body are unable to respond appropriately to insulin production. The three main symptoms of high blood sugar are frequent urination, referred to as polyuria, becoming increasingly thirsty, referred to as polydipsia, and frequent hunger, referred to as polyphagia. Other less common symptoms include lethargy, blurred vision, hyperventilation or fast breathing, abdominal pain, nausea, joint pain, and glycosuria. Diabetes is thought to be the fastest growing long-term lifestyle disease in the world. Statistics estimate that about twenty million people in the world are unaware of having the disease Vito et al. 650.

In…. [read more]


Type II Diabetes Lifelong Health Thesis

… It is thus important both to understand this process, combat low insulin levels and ensure that the insulin goes where it is needed so as to avoid diabetes complications.

Because of the ways in which insulin is produced, as well as the fact that diabetes, especially type II adult onset, can lead to both complications and further weight problems, especially if one does not watch his or her diet, exercise is stressed often times by doctors diagnosing diabetes or prescribing diabetes medications.

Exercise

Firstly, it is said that regular exercise is good for anyone, which is very true, but it is especially vital for individuals who suffer from diabetes. Exercise not only help one maintain his or her weight, but also contributes to a stronger…. [read more]


Diabetes Evidence-Based Practice Essay

… At the same time, EBM has garnered critiques, particularly from social scientists, who question its underlying assumptions, impact on professional practice, and broad reinforcement of medical authority. Little empirical work has been done, however, to explore these concerns (Gabbay, 1999).

The term "evidence-based medicine" was formalized at McMaster University in the 1980s as part of a new approach to problem-based learning in medical education (Gabbay, 1999). Its philosophical roots, however, can be traced to the mid-nineteenth century when medicine began aggressively to position itself as a science. The concept has spread widely beyond medicine and is often referred to as evidence-based practice to encourage its adoption by diverse health disciplines such as nursing, midwifery, physiotherapy, psychology, and dietetics (Bogdan-Lovis and Sousa, 2006).

The founders of…. [read more]


Evidence for Association Between Type 2 Diabetes Essay

… ¶ … Type 2 Diabetes

and intake of Fruits and Vegetables

Diabetes Mellitus has become one of the major chronic diseases affecting more than 220 million people around the world. [WHO, 2009] In Australia too the incidence of diabetes is on the rise with current estimates indicating that more than 1.7 million people are affected by the condition. Of these more than 85 to 90% are type 2 diabetes and on an average 275 people are diagnosed with diabetes everyday. [Diabetes Australia, (2010)] What is more alarming is the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among younger generation. However, it is believed that healthy eating habits, active lifestyles and effective blood glucose control can help prevent up to 60% of type 2 diabetes cases. [Diabetes…. [read more]


Diabetes Mellitus Fact Sheet Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus Fact Sheet

Diabetes mellitus is a term that refers to a group of diseases, all of which are related by the common root cause of a disorder in the way the body processes glucose present in the blood (Mayo Clinic 2010; WebMD 2010). All types of diabetes essentially lead to a buildup of glucose in the blood, which can lead to a number of serious health difficulties that may cause other symptoms and complications (Mayo Clinic 2010). These symptoms can initially include increased thirst, frequent urination, extreme hunger, sudden and inexplicable weight loss, fatigue, and an increasing frequency of infections (Medline 2010, WebMD 2010). If left untreated, diabetes can eventually lead to other debilitating conditions such as blindness, kidney failure, and peripheral artery…. [read more]


Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper

… However, how ethical is it to offer financial compensation to individuals to take care of their own health? Ethical issues such as this regarding maintaining patient involvement in their own healthcare and well-being need to be further explored and addressed in the public health context.

Effective diabetes prevention programs in primary care will need to be widely accessible to the general population and be highly visible. The use of technology and new media may be effective in allowing people to easily access and navigate diabetes prevention and treatment programs conveniently from their homes. Chorbev et al. (2011) investigated the efficacy of virtual communities for the promotion of education, self-help, discussion, and support regarding chronic diabetes. The authors of this study purported that this type of…. [read more]


EBP Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus Research Paper

… These issues place tremendous stress physically and psychologically on mothers and babies and also are very costly in regards to strains on the healthcare system, which can be prevented through behavioral and lifestyle modifications. The importance lies in bringing education and awareness to women with diabetes before conception, so healthy choices and changes can take place early. Overall, preconception care provided by nurses in the form of counseling results in positive pregnancy outcomes for moms and babies.

References

Brooten, D., Youngblut, J.M., Brown, L., Finkler, S.A., Madigan, E. (2001). A randomized trial of nurse specialist home care for women with high-risk pregnancies: outcomes and costs. American Journal of Managed Care, 7(8), 793-803.

Charron-Prowchownik, D., Sereika, S.M., Wang, S.L., Hannan, M.F., Fischl, A.R., Stewart, S.H., Dean…. [read more]


Diabetes Is Caused Capstone Project

… , 2007, 2018).

While the evidence, on the whole, suggests that Vitamin D supplementation offers the possibility of improving glycemic control in patients with type 2 diabetes, it is also clear that more research needs to be done on the subject, as not all patients or patient groups will experience the same improvement in glycemic control with vitamin D supplementation, particularly since vitamin D receptor genotypes are determinants of insulin secretory capacity in different ethnic groups; for example, one study reported that glycemic control worsened in three Asian patients following such supplementation (Schwalfenberg, 2008, 865). Clearly, a three patient sample is insufficient from which to draw substantive conclusions, but such results do point to a need for more research on the topic. Despite the need…. [read more]


Postprandial Glycemic Control Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

… ¶ … Postprandial Glycemic Control

Diabetes Mellitus

In this case study a 55-year-old female with type 2 diabetes mellitus is concerned about a dramatic postprandial spike in her blood glucose levels. Having been diagnosed with diabetes 20 years ago, it seems safe to assume that the postprandial spikes exceed current clinical recommendations for adequate glycemic control. This essay will review the significance of this sign and its etiology.

Glycemic Control

O'Keefe and colleagues (2011) begin their review of glycemic control by discussing the strong epidemiological evidence that links uncontrolled hyperglycemia to cardiovascular disease. Essentially, for every 1% increase in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) an individual will incur an 8 and 9% increase in the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, respectively. HbA1c is an indicator of…. [read more]


Depression, Diabetes and Obesity Research Paper

… ECT is of particular benefit in patients who have significant functional impairment or have not responded to various trials of combination treatments. This mode of therapy may also be used for individuals who have major depressive disorder with associated psychotic or catatonic features or in those who require an urgent response, for example, in patients with suicidal tendencies. (Gelenburg et al., 2010) The mode of active of ECT is unknown. In this somatic therapy, seizures are electrically induced in anesthetized patients for a therapeutic effect.

Psychodynamic therapy and problem solving therapies are less common models of help in depressive disorder. Psychodynamic therapy focuses on a person's subconscious mind and its processes. These processes affect a person's behavior. The aim of this mode of therapy is…. [read more]


Diabetes and Vitamin D Studies Capstone Project

… The following groups of studies were reviewed: vit D. Vs. placebo, vit D. And calcium vs. calcium alone, vit D. And calcium vs. placebo.

There are no controls as this is a literature study.

All studies that met the criteria were reviewed and the data compiled.

This is a literature review.

There is overall consensus that the effect of vit. D is minimal. This is a believable result.

Unknown

This study is in agreement with all current evidence.

Eftekhari et al., 2011

This study seeks to ascertain the effects of vitamin D supplementation on glucose metabolism in diabetic patients in Iran.

To answer this question, a double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial is being used.

Study recruited 70 subjects (35 male, 35 female) with type 2 diabetes…. [read more]


Diabetes Why Study Diabetes? Term Paper

… Diabetes

Why Study Diabetes?

There are two kinds of diabetes, Type I and type II, and they both tend to be a problem for many people throughout the world today, but for Americans it is especially alarming. The major concern with the American people is that Type II diabetes tends to occur at a very young age (Gilliland, Carter, Skipper, & Acton, 2002). Traditionally, Type II diabetes was assumed to be an adult onset disease. However, research shows that the development of Type II diabetes in Americans tends to decrease as population ages, therefore it is especially important to educate young Americans about the risks (Gilliland, Carter, Skipper, & Acton, 2002).

Since American youths are getting Type II diabetes at a high rate, the mortality…. [read more]


Diabetes the Rates Term Paper

… Diabetes

The rates of diabetes in the population vary in different parts of the world, presumably because of different eating habits. Many doctors cite obesity as an issue, a problem now being examined as a treatable biochemical imbalance. The condition is defined as body weight of 20% or more above average and is a significant contributor to major illnesses, including cancer, diabetes, heart disease and stroke (Erickson 124). Eating habits include choices of food as well as the amount ingested, and some diets are more likely to produce diabetic conditions than others. A comparison of the rates of diabetes in Europe and Africa can be instructive in this regard.

Rates of diabetes vary throughout Africa, with some countries facing a much greater health crisis than…. [read more]


Epidemiology of Diabetes Essay

… Epidemiology of Diabetes

Causes and Types of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Consequences of Diabetes

Etiology and natural history of condition

Diagnosis and Treatment

Prognosis

Elderly Population

Individuals with Family History of Diabetes

Pregnant Females

Obese Population

Incidence and Prevalence

Elderly Population

Individuals with Family History of Diabetes

Pregnant Females

Obese Population

Causes and Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is not an infectious/communicable disease; rather it is a disorder that is linked to the abnormal metabolism in human body. The food that one consumes is digested and broken down into smaller units, prominently glucose, in a series of enzyme controlled chemical reactions. Furthermore, these simpler substances enter blood capillaries from where cells absorb and utilize them to harvest energy for numerous processes that are continuously occurring for…. [read more]


Diabetes II Description Term Paper

… , MD. (1999). Psychosocial Aspects of Type I Diabetes Mellitus. Diabetes Living. European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Annual Meeting. Retrieved October 30, 2003, at http://www.diabetesliving.com/coping/psyc.htm

Connell-CM; Davis-WK; Gallant-MP; Sharpe-PA. (1994). Impact of social support, social cognitive variables, and perceived threat on depression among adults with diabetes. Health-Psychology. 13 (3): 263-73

Knoll. (2003). Gender Differences in Living with Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Forum.

Knoll Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Magnus Division, Mumbai. Retrieved October 30, 2003, at http://www.diabetesforum.net/cgi-bin/display_engine.pl-category_id=8

Marcus-MD; Wing-RR; Guare-J; Blair-EH; Jawad-A. (1992). Lifetime prevalence of major depression and its effect on treatment outcome in obese type II diabetic patients. Diabetes-Care. 15 (2): 253-255

Mayou-R; Peveler-R; Davies-B; Mann-J; Fairburn-C. (1991). Psychiatric Morbidity in Young Adults with Diabetes Mellitus. Psychology and Medicine. 21 (3): 639-45

Mousleh, Jadala;…. [read more]


Type II Diabetes Prevention in the Adult Population Research Proposal

… Type II Diabetes Prevention

While modern lifestyles and medical care have certainly improved the longevity of humans in the developed world, and contributed to a greater quality of life scenario, those same lifestyles have engendered a number of issues that contribute to disease. Lack of proper diet, fast food, high fat and carbohydrate diets without adequate fruits and vegetables, lack of exercise, smoking and alcohol contribute to an epidemic of obesity which, in turn, contributes to a serious metabolic disorder called Diabetes Mellitus Type 2. While not managed by insulin injections, it is nevertheless quite serious and has a number of progressing symptoms that, if not treated properly, can result in cardiovascular, renal and neurological problems, as well as amputation, ocular issues, and even cognitive…. [read more]


Diabetes the Diabetic Epidemic Essay

… Diabetes

The Diabetic Epidemic

The issue of diabetes and particularly type 2 diabetes has reached alarming proportions in many developed societies today. As one study notes; "…approximately 4,110 people are diagnosed every day with diabetes. In 2005, 1.5 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people age 20 years or older" (Galvin, 2006, p. 157). However, while there is a radical growth in the prevalence and the extent of this disease, there is also a concomitant growth in knowledge and this form of diabetes and methods of managing and treating it.

There are two forms of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 is insulin dependent while Type 2 is non-insulin-dependent. In Type 2 sufficient insulin is formed in the pancreas, but the body has difficulty in…. [read more]


Diabetes Insipidus and Diabetes Mellitus Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are the major forms of the illness. Diabetes Mellitus is also divided further into Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Insipidus is subdivided into Central and Nephrogenic Diabetes Insipidus but the former is far more prevalent. The most common form of diabetes is Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, which affects at least 15 million Americans (Mathur).

Although Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus share symptoms and prognoses in common, their etiologies are unrelated. Diabetes Mellitus and Diabetes Insipidus are completely unrelated, as Diabetes Insipidus is a kidney-related illness, whereas Mellitus is related to blood sugar levels. Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is also referred to as adult-onset diabetes because of its being commonly diagnosed in patients over 45 years of…. [read more]


Type 2 Diabetes Defining 'Type 2 Term Paper

… Type 2 Diabetes

Defining 'Type 2' Diabetes: Causes, Effects, and Individuals Most Prone to the Disease

As nutrition writer Jane Brody explains in 'Diabesity,': A Crisis in an Expanding Country," 'Type 2' diabetes used to be called "adult onset diabetes" but that has changed since more and more doctors have begun seeing overweight children and teens with this formerly adults-only disease. In fact, among children and adults combined, "some 41 million Americans have a higher-than-normal blood sugar level that typically precedes the development of full-blown diabetes" (Brody 209). This essay will explore causes and effects of Type 2 diabetes and describe individuals most prone to developing it.

A key cause of Type 2 diabetes is obesity. Abdominal fat in particular causes blood sugar levels to…. [read more]


Diabetes Care in the Elderly Essay

… These include obesity, cardiovascular disease, depression, memory problems, vision and hearing problems, poor global functioning (Munshi, Medha N., Maguchi, Megumi, and Segal, 2012), renal insufficiency or failure, peripheral neuropathy, gastroparesis, skin conditions, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, and recurrent infections (Dybicz, Thompson, Molotsky, and Stuart, 2011). This is in addition to the symptoms commonly associated with poor glycemic control. Students will then be required to assign the level of burden for comorbid conditions based on the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Hierarchical Condition Category model. The students will be expected to take notes and study the material presented on their own. All students will be tested for their knowledge about this topic at the end of the course.

Day 3 -- Diabetes Screening Tool Laboratory…. [read more]


Diet and Diabetes. Review Term Paper

… This index helps diabetics who are cooking at home or eating out to plan their meals accordingly.

It is very important that diabetics eat a balanced diet with enough nutrients to keep their blood glucose levels in the healthy and acceptable range. Fiber is also an important factor in the diet. Studies have shown that fiber can have positive effects on the blood glucose levels.

In some cases, Type 2 diabetics may need to adjust their eating from three meals a day to several smaller meals throughout the day to keep their sugar levels on track. For the Type 1 diabetic, they need to take their insulin into consideration and plan meals and snacks to avoid low blood sugar.

Gathering nutritional information and applying the…. [read more]

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