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Diabetes Concept Map Essay

… Again, this is not always a result of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus, and pancreatic degradation is more commonly associated with the onset of Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, however if Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus progresses far enough the pancreatic degradation will result in similar consequences and insulin therapy might eventually be required (Feinglos & Bethel, 2008; Levene & Donnelly, 2011). As with any disease brought about by and/or causing tissue degradation without a foreign agent's presence, allowing progression of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus will increase the degradation of pancreatic tissue and continue to exacerbate the disease (Levene & Donnelly, 2011). As the Islets of Langerhans continues to structurally degrade, the functionality of the pancreas degrades and the body's ability to produce and process insulin and so…. [read more]

Diabetes Management Diabetes Mellitus Essay

… Management


Management includes use of an insulin pump or lifelong daily insulin injections. There is also a need for regular blood glucose level tests, regular physical exercise and healthy eating.

Management includes healthy eating and regular physical activity. The lifestyle modification is critical to lower the level of glucose in the body. Management may also include regular taking of blood glucose-lowering tablets.

(Maple-Brown. Sinha. & Davis 2010).

Case Study

The case study below reveals the method the type 1 diabetes could alter pathophysiological condition of an individual, which consequently leads to the development of the chronic condition. Josh is a 9-year-old Australian-Aboriginal boy living with his parents, his grandmother (who is NIDDM) and two siblings. Over the last few months, Josh mother has noticed…. [read more]

Diabetes in Australia the Australian Essay

… In both cases, the other similarity they have is that early detection, effective treatment and continued good management can significantly lead to reduction in the diabetic related complications and even death.

Differences; according to Rheem G., (2013)

While Type 1 diabetes is basically an auto-immune disease where the cells responsible for producing insulin in the pancreas are attacked by the immune system and the person has no control over this, the Type 2 diabetes is caused by predisposition to risk factors as docile living conditions, poor diet and obesity.

While Type 1 diabetes renders the patient dependent on lifelong injection of insulin into the body to help manage the blood glucose levels, the Type 2 diabetes can be managed through change of lifestyle.

Type 1…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus

In this report, Diabetes Mellitus will be discussed, since there are many factors that influence how patients handle the care and the managing of it due to the physical and emotional need of it. Furthermore, the paper will go through the many factors that influence diabetes self-management. It will be shown that some models have not been tested among veterans, which is a unique population with high rates of diabetes. However it will also that despite any demographic an individual's "readiness to change," their confidence in being able to make change (or self-efficacy), in addition to appropriate advice from medical providers, may impact diabetes self-management behavior. Interventions are designed to increase self-efficacy have improved quality of life, patient satisfaction, and glycemic control, and…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus and Pregnancy Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus & Pregnancy

The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is described by some as epidemic in proportion. The concern regarding the disease is often linked to the increased incidence of refined foods, and especially sugars, as well as increased reports of sedentary living, that are both associated with the modern world. Increases in such behavioral concerns, as the above compounded by the fact that there is a positive link between overweight and obesity (also caused by poor nutrition and sedentary lifestyle) increases the incidence of one of the several types of diabetes mellitus. With these demographic and epidemiological changes in society there is an increased risk of diabetes occurring, simultaneously with pregnancy, a risk factor that is multi-causal and can put mother and child…. [read more]

Diabetes Self-Care Term Paper

… Diabetes Self-Care

This research study conducts an extensive review of relevant academic literature including professional nursing journals in a qualitative review in order to determine the factors that exist in relation to barriers and challenges of specific groups of patients in self-care management of diabetes mellitus. Findings in this study include race/ethnicity differences in self-care management as well as psychological, social, and family predictors of the probability of self-care management of diabetes success for patients.


The objective of this research is to examine diabetes self-care with an emphasis on evidence-based clinical management and education which addresses the patient and nurse practitioner's concerns related to this problem and specifically appropriate nurse practitioner clinical management including non-pharmacologic treatment, pharmacotherapy, patient education, patient and family psychological…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Research Proposal

… Diabetes Mellitus is one of the most important and common chronic diseases found in humans. The disease has foundational consequences for the body and the mind and seriously affects society in general in both direct and indirect ways. Millions of people have diabetes mellitus and many more are likely to develop it as the years go by, risk factors increase in prevalence and as more people manage the disease and successfully have children. Another reason why diabetes is important is because the majority of medical care that is provided for the disease is self administered and therefore at high risk of patient noncompliance.

Diabetes is one of the most common of the chronic medical disorders and is expected to present one of the twenty-first century's…. [read more]

Diabetes a Recent Study Literature Review Chapter

… study on the positive effects of exercise, however, it looked at the effects on humans, not mice. Samreen Riaz found that unhealthy lifestyle factors such as overeating, physical inactivity and obesity can impair the body's ability to use insulin (Riaz, 2009) and that healthy lifestyles can help to prevent or slow the onset of diabetes, along with a host of other cardiovascular and heart diseases.

Other studies have taken a slightly different approach, however, and have warned that exercise is not all that it is made up to be. One recent study determined that "apart from its benefits, exercise, which individuals are not accustomed has some adverse effects…one of these effects is exercise induced muscle damage and inflammation" (Hazar, 2010, p. 1173).

What these studies…. [read more]

Diabetes and Learning Term Paper

… State run schools have to comply with the requirements mentioned in the law. The IDEA ensures that diabetic children suffering from cognitive disabilities because of the abnormal fluctuations in the blood glucose level have special support and care to maintain their optimum learning ability. Proactive treatment and management of symptoms is the most effective way of dealing with chronic diseases. Hence schools are also required to provide assistance for the medical needs of the children like glucose testing, insulin administration, etc. [DREDF]

However there is considerable amount of difficulty in implementing special education policies for diabetic students because it involves integration of both medical and academic realms. The confusion that prevails in classification of children under three separate groups of special education needs makes it…. [read more]

Diabetes Is a Disease Research Paper

… 45).

Screening Guidelines

Pre-diabetic screening is taking place on a daily basis around the world. Some of the factors being considered include weight (as a percentage of height), physical activities, parents or siblings who are diabetic, advanced age, and individuals who are living unhealthy lifestyles. The American Diabetes Association suggests that testing should be considered in all overweight adults with the following additional risk factors: physical inactivity, first-degree relative with diabetes, members of high-risk ethnic populations, hypertension, women with PCOS, other clinical conditions associated with insulin resistance, history of cardiovascular disease (ADA, 2010). Additionally, individuals 45 years and older should be tested for diabetes and pre-diabetes and testing should continue every three years thereafter according to the ADA.

Prevention strategies

There is no cure for…. [read more]

Diabetes the Diabetic Epidemic Essay

… Diabetes

The Diabetic Epidemic

The issue of diabetes and particularly type 2 diabetes has reached alarming proportions in many developed societies today. As one study notes; "…approximately 4,110 people are diagnosed every day with diabetes. In 2005, 1.5 million new cases of diabetes were diagnosed in people age 20 years or older" (Galvin, 2006, p. 157). However, while there is a radical growth in the prevalence and the extent of this disease, there is also a concomitant growth in knowledge and this form of diabetes and methods of managing and treating it.

There are two forms of diabetes mellitus. Type 1 is insulin dependent while Type 2 is non-insulin-dependent. In Type 2 sufficient insulin is formed in the pancreas, but the body has difficulty in…. [read more]

Diabetes Is One of the Most Pervasive Thesis

… Diabetes is one of the most pervasive chronic diseases of this century, already affecting more than 180 million people around the world. As per WHO statistics, by the year 2030 there will be more than 300 million diabetics. The fact that 15 years ago the number of diabetics were only 30 million indicates the pandemic nature of diabetes and the serious healthcare implications in the control and management of the disease. [Katarina Hjelm, 2003] There are three types of diabetes namely type 1 (DM1), type 2 (DM2) and gestational diabetes. Type1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder characterized by the degeneration of islet of langerhans and consequent inhibition of insulin synthesis. There is also a rare subtype of type1 diabetes known as idiopathic type1, which…. [read more]

Health Fair Presentation on Diabetes Research Paper

… What is your waist circumference measured below the ribs?

Less than 94cm

94-102 cm

More than 102cm

5. Do you engage in regular physical activity for at least 30 minutes every day?



6. How often do you consume fruits or vegetables?



7. Have you ever been diagnosed with high blood pressure?



8. Have you ever been found to have high blood glucose?



9. Have any of your immediate family members or relatives been diagnosed with diabetes?



Total Risk Score

You are at risk of developing Type 2 Diabetes within the next decade based on the following scale & #8230;

Lower than

Low (roughly 1 in 100 people)

Between 7 and

Slightly elevated (1 in 25…. [read more]

Postprandial Glycemic Control Diabetes Mellitus Case Study

… ¶ … Postprandial Glycemic Control

Diabetes Mellitus

In this case study a 55-year-old female with type 2 diabetes mellitus is concerned about a dramatic postprandial spike in her blood glucose levels. Having been diagnosed with diabetes 20 years ago, it seems safe to assume that the postprandial spikes exceed current clinical recommendations for adequate glycemic control. This essay will review the significance of this sign and its etiology.

Glycemic Control

O'Keefe and colleagues (2011) begin their review of glycemic control by discussing the strong epidemiological evidence that links uncontrolled hyperglycemia to cardiovascular disease. Essentially, for every 1% increase in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) an individual will incur an 8 and 9% increase in the risk of myocardial infarction and stroke, respectively. HbA1c is an indicator of…. [read more]

Psychological Influence of Diabetes Essay

… Moreover, the pancreas will wear out, and the body will require insulin injection for normal functioning. Health related behaviors on the psychological aspects of individuals with diabetes are important in controlling the disease (Sepa et. al., 2005). Diabetics should behave in a responsible manner towards their medication, through their knowledge on their health, through maintaining diets and exercising. Individuals need to change their lifestyles, feeding habits and encourage physical activities.

Diabetics should develop strategies for controlling the disease. Persons may come up with personal exercise routines or exercise schedules. People should always maintain good diets. Eating healthy discourages obesity, which may result to diabetes. Medical practitioners and clinics should develop strategies of educating people on the effects of the disease. Clinics or hospitals may offer…. [read more]

Diabetes Amongst Indigenous Australians Research Paper

… , 2007).

Knowledge: It's supremely essential to supply precisely maintained records of an the patient, which include each and every tiniest element such as how the person is been looked after, in context to the predetermined standard of diabetes care. Important points to think about whilst documenting particulars are, it should be according to facts, ought to be accurate, crystal clear, legible and simple to comprehend, it ought to be dated as well as signed, it ought to be kept classified as well as shouldn't be revealed or distributed except inside the designated chief staff. Risky elements ought to be high-lighted and layout of the individual record should be demarcated. Observations regarding progress or deteriorating indicators and signs should be obligatorily recorded with date (Randall…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus (Dm) Is a Family Essay

… Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a family of diseases that is typified by chronic hyperglycemia and the development of long-term complications. Decreased insulin action is characteristic of all forms of diabetes mellitus (Winter & Sognorino 2002). DM usually has its onset in individuals before the age of 25 years, where the essential abnormality is related to absolute insulin deficiency (Venes 2009). Diabetes is a systemic disease that has harmful effects on several organs with potentially devastating effects on a person's health (2002). In people with DM, there can be adverse effects on the retina, glomeruli, nerves, and arterial blood vessels. This can lead to high morbidity and premature mortality (2002). In general, DM is becoming more and more common in the United States as well as…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Is a Metabolic Disorder Term Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus is a metabolic disorder marked by hyperglycemia, or high blood sugar levels.

There are three main forms of this illness, each with similar signs, symptoms, and consequences. However, they have different causes and affect different populations. In all cases, tough, the primary cause is that the pancreatic beta cells that produce insulin are unable to produce sufficient insulin, leading to hyperglycemia. There are various treatments for diabetes that reduce the symptoms, but there is no cure. Higher blood sugar in the body can have a number of other detrimental health consequences that affect the sufferer.

Improving control is a primary goal for sufferers and their doctors. There is no cure, as noted, and so controlling blood sugar is the way that the deleterious…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnancy Research Paper

… Diabetes Mellitus in Pregnancy

Diabetes during pregnancy increases the risk for developing congenital anomalies by over 10 times. Maternal glycemic control is critical to prevent such abnormalities in the baby. When glycemic control is not achieved by dietary adjustments, commencing insulin therapy is strongly recommended. Regular monitoring of maternal glycemic levels and proper obstetric care should greatly help in reducing the potential health complications associated with diabetes during pregnancy.

Diabetes is the single most common complicating condition during pregnancy. [Rosenberg, (2005)] Gestational Diabetes Mellitus refers to the diagnosis of diabetes during pregnancy and it may be of either type 1 or type 2. In the United States 3 to 8 out of 100 pregnant women suffer from gestational diabetes. [Medline] In the UK also, 2…. [read more]

Epidemiology of Diabetes Essay

… Epidemiology of Diabetes

Causes and Types of Diabetes

Symptoms of Diabetes

Consequences of Diabetes

Etiology and natural history of condition

Diagnosis and Treatment


Elderly Population

Individuals with Family History of Diabetes

Pregnant Females

Obese Population

Incidence and Prevalence

Elderly Population

Individuals with Family History of Diabetes

Pregnant Females

Obese Population

Causes and Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is not an infectious/communicable disease; rather it is a disorder that is linked to the abnormal metabolism in human body. The food that one consumes is digested and broken down into smaller units, prominently glucose, in a series of enzyme controlled chemical reactions. Furthermore, these simpler substances enter blood capillaries from where cells absorb and utilize them to harvest energy for numerous processes that are continuously occurring for…. [read more]

Managed Diabetes Still Result Research Paper

… Conclusion

This study will examine the connection between diabetes and kidney disease in a detailed manner. The purpose of the study is to determine whether controlling diabetes has an effect on the development or progression of kidney disease. The literature suggested that once a person develops kidney disease that controlling diabetes has no affect. The presence of microalbuminuria will be used to classify those that already have early stages of the disease in to separate them from those that have not yet developed the disease. The study will play an important role and prevention of kidney disease as a complication of diabetes.


de Boer, I., Rue, T., & Hall, Y et. al. (2009). Temporal trends in the prevalence of diabetic kidney disease in the…. [read more]

Diabetes Mellitus Among Older Age Groups Essay

… The first diabetes prevention strategy I would provide a patient upon discharge from hospital is self-management skills, which would help the individual to prevent complications and stay healthy (Royal College of Nursing, 2018). Self-management education is critical for the patient because most of the complications associated with diabetes are developed outside the health care environment. Patients develop these complications because of lack of knowledge on appropriate measures to manage their conditions.
The second prevention strategy I would provide is lifestyle changes recommendations, especially in relation to nutrition and physical activity (exercise). Lifestyle changes play a crucial role in preventing diabetes and its complications through lessening risk factors of the condition. Some of the recommendations I would provide include maintaining a balanced diet, regular physical exercise,…. [read more]

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: Implications Term Paper

… " Berger (2003)

Diagnostic criteria from the National Diabetes Data Group (NDDG) are the criteria most commonly used however there are others that utilize the Carpenter and Coustan criteria which is the authority for setting the cutoff for normal at lower values than previously applied. Turok (2004)

Literature Review:

Clinical discussions (1993) states that "In cases where metabolic control is poor (HgA1C>8.5%), patients will be counseled regarding the risks of fetal abnormality and miscarriage ... " (DIPT Clinical Discussions, 1993)

In this discussion the fact is stated that the "optimum time for the study" (of gestational diabetes mellitus) "is 22 -- 26 weeks." A systemic evidence review conducted by Research Triangle Institute found that: "No well-conducted RCT provides direct evidence for the health benefits of…. [read more]

Versus Type II Diabetes Mellitus Term Paper

… Diabetes: Caring for Your Emotions as Well as Your Health. Reading, MA: Perseus Books, 1998.

Fackelmann, K.A. Pregnancy raises risk of Type II diabetes. Science News; 11/4/1989;

Gavin, James R. "Special Section on Diabetes." Ebony Mar. 1997: 115+. Questia. 6 Jan. 2005 / .

Gestational Diabetes. American Diabetes Association: . Accessed Jan 3, 2004.

Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. hl=en& start=12 Accessed Han 4, 2004.

Harris MI. Gestational diabetes may represent discovery of pre-existing glucose intolerance. Diabetes Care. 1988; 11:402-411.

Moses RG, Moses M, Russell KG, et al. The 75-g glucose tolerance test in pregnancy: a reference range determined on a low-risk population and related to selected pregnancy out comes. Diabetes Care. 1998; 21:1807-1811

Mullooly, Cathy. Keeping fit for 2. Diabetes Forecast; 12/1/1997;

Metzger…. [read more]

How to Avoid Diabetes Through Healthy Eating and Exercise Chapter

… Diabetes: The Rise and Potential Fall of a Non-Communicable Disease

One major global health issue that many researchers link to improper diet and lack of exercise is diabetes. Diabetes is a non-communicable disease that affects approximately 9% of adults around the world (World Health Organization, 2015). In the U.S. alone, 20 million people are diagnosed with either Type 1 or Type 2 diabetes (though there is a third form -- gestational diabetes -- that can affect women during pregnancy) (National Diabetes Statistics Report, 2014). According to the International Diabetes Federation, in the entire world 387 million people are impacted by the disease, and over the next twenty years that number is expected to climb to nearly 600 million (IDF Key Findings, 2014). But what is…. [read more]

Evidence for Association Between Type 2 Diabetes Essay

… ¶ … Type 2 Diabetes

and intake of Fruits and Vegetables

Diabetes Mellitus has become one of the major chronic diseases affecting more than 220 million people around the world. [WHO, 2009] In Australia too the incidence of diabetes is on the rise with current estimates indicating that more than 1.7 million people are affected by the condition. Of these more than 85 to 90% are type 2 diabetes and on an average 275 people are diagnosed with diabetes everyday. [Diabetes Australia, (2010)] What is more alarming is the increasing prevalence of type 2 diabetes among younger generation. However, it is believed that healthy eating habits, active lifestyles and effective blood glucose control can help prevent up to 60% of type 2 diabetes cases. [Diabetes…. [read more]

Diabetes Prevalence of Diabetes (Diabetes Mellitus) Research Proposal

… ¶ … Diabetes [...] prevalence of diabetes (diabetes mellitus) in the urban areas of the United States. Diabetes is a growing healthcare problem in the United States because there are more overweight Americans than ever before, and obesity is a leading cause in the most prevalent type of diabetes, adult onset diabetes, or Type 2 diabetes. Diabetes is especially prevalent in the urban African-American and other ethnic communities, and there are differing opinions about why this is the case.

Diabetes is extremely prevalent in the United States. Two authors note, "Approximately 18.3% (8.6 million) of the U.S. population age 60 and older has diabetes. This population is more likely to experience heart attacks, strokes, hypertension, blindness, end-stage renal disease, and lower-limb amputations than their nondiabetic…. [read more]

Improving Diabetes Self-Care Among African-American Women 50 Years and Older Thesis

… Improving Diabetes Self-Care among African-American Women 50 years and older

Diabetes is the fourth leading cause of death worldwide (International Diabetes Foundation, 2007). Diabetes is a condition that can cause serious side effects, in addition to the potential for death, if not managed properly. For a majority of patients management is not difficult. It requires monitoring of blood sugar levels on a daily basis and adherence to a diet and exercise regime. Yet, many do not manage their diabetes properly and experiences serious complications as a result.

Certain populations are at greater risk for diabetes and are at a greater risk of complications due to improper management. These tendencies towards lack of management can be culturally based, making certain populations prone to diabetes and the…. [read more]

Type 2 Diabetes Essay

… al., 1996).

The fact that was significantly highlighted during the study was the body weight of these people. The respondents engaged in the study were normal weighted; however, few respondents were even underweight. The study proved with evidence that obesity does not cause diabetes type 2. Furthermore, the study also claimed that the issue of fatty liver is not only found amongst Asian descents, but people residing in industrialized nations have a greater probability to suffer from it (Lovejoy et. al., 1996).

The experts conclude from the new research studies that the obesity is not a leading cause that results in the development of type 2 diabetes; rather, it is one of the symptoms of the syndrome. According to some schools of thoughts, the relationship…. [read more]

Elderly Population With Diabetes Age Research Paper

… Descriptive epidemiology is confined to the recognition and examination of the affected person, place and time of the disease or health event. The person is described and examined according to certain factors, such as age, education, socio-economic status, availability of health services, race and gender. Also pertinent to the person are information on behavior, such as use or abuse of drugs, shift work, eating and exercise patterns. Place refers to geographic borders or features of a given area. It has direct significance to people in and around the area. Evaluation of place includes worksites, the density of the population and the environment around homes, worksites and schools. And time refers to the season or certain occurrences during a particular hour or day. Flu, for example,…. [read more]

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