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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Term Paper


Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a condition from which nearly 10% of Americans suffer from. PTSD, unlike other afflictions, is associated with a wide variety of circumstances. Many war veterans suffer from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. However, sexually abused children are quickly emerging as common suffers of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is a prevalent problem associated with children who are victims of sexual assault.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder is classified as an anxiety disorder under the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Disorders (DSM-III). The diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder was not formally diagnosed as part of DSM-III until 1980. According to Famolaro, 'the diagnoses of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder requires: (a) experience of a significant traumatic events; (b) re-experiencing of the trauma in one of several…. [read more]

Impact of PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American Females Term Paper

… ¶ … PTSD and Substance Abuse on African-American females

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder refers to a psychological disorder caused by experiences that are threatening in nature. These experiences make the victims of PTSD undergo psychological, biological changes besides impairing the victim's ability of function properly in life.


PTSD studies have revealed that African-Americans are associated with low rates of substance use disorders. However, some researchers have indicated that African-Americans have higher rates of disorders related to anxiety. Regarding PTSD, existing studies have shown that African-Americans have higher rates compared to European-Americans. In 2010, at least twenty percent of African-Americans have PTSD compared to European-Americans' fourteen percent. A comparison between African-Americans and European-Americans reveals that the African-American group has higher rates of PTSD. Other studies…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Term Paper

… Thus it is important that the researcher differentiate between alcoholism, PTSD, and a dual diagnosis. For purposes of this research the author will be concerned primarily with patients that exhibit dualistic symptoms of PTSD and alcoholism, not one or the other. Thus the body of research examined will focus on patients with alcoholism and PTSD simultaneously, and then attempt to discern whether one is directly related to the other via cause and effect or other relationship.

There are some studies that suggest that alcohol abuse among patients often results as a response to trauma, and that alcoholism may make pre-existing disorders including PTSD worse (Thornton, 2003; Jaycox, et. al, 2004). The link between the two is the primary focus of this research.

Research provides strong…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Is a Serious Term Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is a serious anxiety disorder that is likely to develop following exposure to an incident or event that contributes to psychological trauma. Notably, it's normal to have feelings of sadness, anxiety, panic, and disconnected after a traumatic experience. However, if these feelings do not fade and the individual feels trapped in an ongoing sense of danger and painful memories, he/she may be suffering from the post traumatic stress disorder. The likelihood of the development of this disease is associated with the fact that individual seems overwhelmed with the experience and unlikely to get over it and feel normal again. This illness is less frequent and more persistent since it's brought by psychological trauma. Nonetheless, an individual can overcome this condition and…. [read more]

PTSD History Study Effects and Treatments for War Veterans Research Paper

… PTSD for War Veterans and Families


PTSD History, Study, Effects and Treatments for War Veterans

Post-traumatic Stress Disorder or PTSD symptoms develop in response to life-threatening trauma, typically among multiply deployed soldiers in war zones, such as Iraq and Afghanistan. Most of them are younger than 25, of lower rank, genetically predisposed and female. Broad categories of symptoms are re-experiencing distress, avoidance and hyperarousal, leading to overall personal malfunctioning and a host of interaction problems with the family and the community. Current treatments include rehab, counseling, medication and a virtual environment world approach. Until enough is known and done about PTSD, the returning war veteran and his family must suffer the condition and all its consequences.

Introduction and History

PTSD…. [read more]

PTSD the Nature of Police Work Increases Thesis


The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder

Police Work

The nature of police work increases the probability of developing Posttraumatic Stress disorder (PTSD)

There is a general consensus that there are a very high number of police officers that suffer from PTSD, which has a decidedly negative impact on the individual and the functioning of the police force. As one study notes; "All too many police officers are victims of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder" (Police and PTSD, 2005, para.1). Post traumatic stress disorder is understood as a response to traumatic stress, such as having to kill someone in the line of duty.

Another area of concern that emerges from the literature is that there is a relative paucity…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Peer Reviewed Journal

… These include training that the NG/R receive is different from active duty personnel. while the active duty personnel can build and reinforce their skills daily, the NG/R train only a weekend in every month and two weeks during summer. Maybe due to the different military roles the NG/R personnel are separated from their families a few times because of military commitments. Therefore, they are adequately prepared to deal with military separation as compared to active duty personnel.

Two types of stressors are mentioned; mission related stressors associated with warfare circumstances or interpersonal stressors that result from pressure that comes from an individual being separated from their family and working closely with other troops (Wiley, 2008).

Mission related stressors that have implications of post deployment health…. [read more]

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Term Paper

… Moreover, contrary to myth, patients are not generally unwilling or reluctant to undergo exposure therapy, but are able to recognize that exposure may be necessary to help them move past the traumatic event. The whole thought process behind trauma focused therapy is that by changing thoughts, the therapist can help achieve symptom reduction, and this hypothesis has been verified in a number of studies (Sobel et al., 2009).

Despite the fact that some therapists have lingering, erroneous concerns about trauma-centered therapy, it has long been the preferred approach for treating PTSD. In fact, CPT, a form of trauma-centered therapy is considered the go-to treatment for PTSD. CPT is a counseling-based intervention that generally involves meeting with a therapist on a weekly basis in an effort…. [read more]

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Quantitative Research PTSD Term Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Quantitative Research PTSD

Quantitative Research

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Most often the veterans who had experienced some type of abuse came from "home backgrounds characterized by marital dysfunction, impaired parenting, and impaired parent-veteran relationships and from families in which there are parental adjustment problems." The adolescents were interviewed by us in 2-hour sessions on a wide range of mental health issues. Information was collected from a study on the veteran's family, social, economic, and related areas. Based on the answers to these questions the researcher would then proceed forward and ask more questions or end the interview. The findings of this research found that nearly 25% of females and 10% of males reported exposure to veteran PTSD…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder and Abuse Capstone Project

… Post traumatic stress is also related with many different biological changes in the human body, this fact has been confirmed by many different studies in the field of physiology as well as biology. One study in this regard measured the electodermal responses of several veterans to olfactory stimulants. The main conclusion of this study was that dysfunctional cerebral laternalisation might be the main culprit for some of the post traumatic stress symptoms like intrusive images, psychological numbing and hypervigilance.

Chronic stress and post traumatic stress have been usually compared because of possible correlation or similarities. The increment in glucocorticoid release by the adrenal glands might lead towards any loss of the hippocampal granule cells alongside the production of very complex biphasic responses that may decrease…. [read more]

PTSD Essay

… 1052).

A social worker can help Betty apply for health insurance for her husband that may alleviate the costs of both the surgery and the physical therapy. Additional services should the husband gain better health insurance would be to have a personal care attendant help him in daily tasks.

These two main referrals help resolve the immediate and long-term problems Betty may experience from the tornado-related trauma. She will be able to help her husband through the help of a social worker. She then will be able to help herself with CBT therapy. Each of these referrals not only help Betty, but also her husband in achieving the level of stability they need.


As mentioned earlier, research suggests CBT is an effective treatment option…. [read more]

Diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Research Proposal

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD)

Toward Validation of the Diagnosis of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

The research made by North, Suris, Davis and Smith (2009), Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) was describes as being related to the traumatic "stressor criterion" that is essential to its conceptualization; they have stated that the assumption of PTSD is essentially reliant on two different although measures: encountering trauma and development of a specific pattern of indications that turns out to be visible following the trauma, and efforts to describe the variety of traumatic experiences fundamental in the diagnosis of PTSD have produced debate, as echoed in following amendments in DSM-III and its subsequent version's standard.

It is yet to be determined if there are or there are no detailed categories of…. [read more]

Diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Article Review

… Diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children

In a recent article, "The child behavior checklist PTSD scale: screening for PTSD in young children with high exposure to trauma," published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress, Loeb et. al. examined the validity of new methods designed to identify Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in children. The team examined the validity of the Child Behavior Checklist PTSD subscale to screen for PTSD in children attending an inner-city early childhood mental health center. Using various measures, the team assessed 51 preschool-age children with high exposure to trauma receiving outpatient child -- parent psychotherapy for PTSD.

The team compared 15 items on the CBCL, a proposed subscale indicative of PTSD, to the UCLA-PTSD Index and to clinical diagnosis based…. [read more]

Looking at Risk for Developing PTSD Two Studies Article Review

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a disorder that has features of depression, dissociation, anxiety, and even sometimes psychotic features (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 2013). PTSD is a syndrome that develops after a person is involved in, sees, or hears of a severe and extreme traumatic stressor which can either occur to themselves or a loved one. The person reacts to the stressor with helplessness, fear, avoidance of things that remind them of the event, and may persistently relive the event (APA, 2013). PTSD is a disorder that is often associated with combat veterans, but can also be experienced by civilians undergoing extreme traumatic stress. Nonetheless, with the recent deployments of U.S. military personnel in the Middle East much of the research focus remains on…. [read more]

Health Effects of Abortion Scholarly Evidence Regarding Post Abortion Syndrome Annotated Bibliography

… ¶ … Post Abortion Syndrome." Specifically, the physical and mental side effects that post abortion syndrome causes and any evidence to support a connection between those symptoms and the abortion.

A, Rankin. "Post Abortion Syndrome." Health Matrix. Volume 7.2 (1989): 45-7.

This article, published in the Health Matrix, is the personal story of a woman who experienced post abortion syndrome. The article is an excerpt from a speech that she gave at the National Organization of Episcopalians for Life convention. In the speech she addresses the symptoms she experienced which included denial, repression, guilt, anxiety, and depression. As this author found personal healing, she began researching the disorder and mapping out a recovery program. She discusses that the recovery steps are similar to those used…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD in Children Research Proposal

… Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in Children

In contemporary United States (U.S.) culture, according to C. Cook-Cottone (2004), in "Childhood Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Diagnosis, Treatment, and School Reintegration," memories of childhood frequently include exposure to trauma. As a result of "sexual abuse, physical abuse, natural disaster, urban violence, school violence, and terrorism," (Cook-Cottone Abstract section, ¶ 1), significant numbers of children in the U.S. suffer posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptomatology.

The Challenges PTSD Presents

The first challenge for helping children cope with PTSD, according to Cook-Cottone (2004), is to identify children who may be experiencing PTSD symptomatology. For this initial stage in beginning to help these children, school psychologists prove vital. "The school psychologist can facilitate therapeutic and supportive conditions in the school setting through use…. [read more]

PTSD Post=traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) Term Paper

… Generally speaking, older soldiers deal with war-related events than younger ones do. With that as the guideline, we might see less PTSD among those who served in Iraq or Afghanistan since we have relied so heavily on National Guard members, who tend to be older (Elias, 2004). On the other hand, the men and women who joined the National Guard may not have expected to ever actually go to war, and may have a different mindset regarding war events than those who actively signed up for combat-oriented services such as the Army and Marines.

Because of the devastating effect of PTSD on a person's ability to function, it should be treated as soon as possible. A person's first reaction to the stressful events that lead…. [read more]

PTSD Developing and Supporting Essay

… Sources of data, method of collection, and variables

The authors administered self-report questionnaire containing 17 different items aiming at eliciting responses related to the PTSD. The sample used was significant as it involved health aid workers from four organizations that provide aid to vulnerable communities. The variables in the study included age, sex, and economic status.

Methods of data analysis

The information was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) for statistical analysis. ANOVA and Fischer's chat was used to provide the prediction of the patterns of the PTSD.


The results indicated that the participants reported stress traumatic disorder because of their occupation. Individuals with low economic status were at high risk of PTSDs.


The authors provide directions for the…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Research Paper

… Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Most people think of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) as a disorder based on being in a war zone, and being hurt or otherwise traumatized by the incredible violence and the shock of the noise related to combat. But PTSD is not confined to war injuries or war zone-related emotional trauma. In fact, the sudden suicide of a loved one, family member, or dear close friend can also lead to PTSD, which of course is vastly different than a war-related instance of PTSD, but it is nonetheless a serious health matter for the person who has survived the suicide victim.

An article in the Harvard Women's Health Watch points out that each year some 33,000 people in the United States commit…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children Research Paper

… In such cases, the healing process occurs more rapidly and children can pursue their lives without having to travel the dark path towards mental instability. This is why Fazel et al. (2011) have distinguished both risk and protective factors in their review, in which they indicate what can be done for children by high-income countries where these children come to seek asylum.

Basically, the authors have found that one of the most important protective factors is the ability to integrate into the host society while not losing one's sense of cultural identity. As such, supportive measures should be put into place for immigrant children to prevent them becoming a burden by succumbing to mental conditions. Instead, they should be encouraged to PTSD is not an…. [read more]

PTSD Treatment Essay

… CBT for PTSD

Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy as a Treatment for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder: Evidence from Recent Studies

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is an all-too-common diagnosis typified by ongoing stress, emotional and psychological disturbances, and quality of life deterioration experienced as the result of a traumatic event, series of events, or life situation but extending beyond the scope of this event or period. Soldiers who have been involved in or witnessed combat, victims of abuse, and many other individuals are at great risk for developing PTSD, which not only greatly diminishes quality of life but which can also greatly affect a person's ability to care for themselves and to remain a productive member of society. Many treatments have been developed for and/or applied to cases of…. [read more]

PTSD Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD Individuals Term Paper


Qualitative Methodologies for Investigating PTSD

Individuals returning from military combat are among the most vulnerable demographics to Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and its related consequences of emotional instability, psychological despair, substance abuse and a host of other war-related dissonances. In the wake of the protracted conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan, it has become increasingly apparent that there is a need to prepare through better understanding for a new generation of individuals that are highly vulnerable to the PTSD and its related consequences. The discussion here with therefore consider military-related PTSD in light of several different qualitative research approaches. These will lend insight into the various ways that PTSD might be better understood.

Ethnographic Research:

Based on the pretense that clinical and laboratory observations…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder PTSD Essay

… Effects of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Following the events that cause trauma to an individual there are sever biochemical changes in the brain that are inevitable to the victim. These changes include: reoccurrence of thought, Arousal (lack of sleep) and avoidance Silver et al. 1238()

These are recollections and flash back to the event that was traumatic. The recollections come about as nightmare or hallucinations with the individual having a difficulty to control their occurrence. Essentially the flash backs or recollections are triggered by the association which happens unconsciously. The reoccurrence of thought makes an individual experience mentally the traumatic event.

Trauma victims suffer from lack of sleep and failure to concentrate. They find difficulties with falling to sleep owing to the fear of nightmares…. [read more]

Diagnosis of Client Term Paper

… Diagnosis of Client: Generalized Anxiety Disorder - Client Diagnosis

Cliff is suffering from Generalized Anxiety Disorder. His worry is extreme and excessive, though there is no obvious or rational cause for his worry. Some additional indications of this diagnosis are that he exhibits some other classic symptoms like fatigue, insomnia, and irritability. Also, because the focus of his worry is not fixed, but instead seems to shift from topic to topic, his anxiety is, by definition, generalized. This Generalized Anxiety Disorder is, in fact, a disorder for Cliff because it is causing problems in his social network as well as his business environment, so he should be recommended regular counseling, and the possibility of medication for his complaint.

Panic Disorder has been ruled out because…. [read more]

Stress and Its Effects Thesis

… Unresolved Stress/Corrections

Unmitigated and unresolved stress is one of the most significant social problems in the world today. Many people demonstrate significant aspects of stress-related illness and in many cases such stress is associated with work or a combination of life and work. The body, is brilliantly designed to help resolve stress through processes that are rarely required in today's world, i.e. The fight or flight physiological phenomena, yet most stress today requires much a more subtle physical and mental response to stress and most stress is not life threatening. It is for this reason and many others that the body is not completely prepared to deal with the more subtle forms of stress and strain associated with the norms of today's work and life.…. [read more]

PTSD of Single Mother Solders and Effect of Their Young Children Essay

… PTSD in Single Mothers Soldiers and the Impact of Deployment on Young Children

National Guard and reservists together with active duty military workers encounter several deployments as an outcome of the clashes, which comprise the War on Terror. A huge research body has accumulated on the behavioral health issues experienced by the military workers as an outcome of these disagreements. In approximately the last decade and a half, a developing research area reveals the negative effect on families, youth, and children of the U.S. military workers. Kids from military families frequently encounter several stressors prior to and in the period of deployment of their parents and when they return home (Sogomonyan & Cooper, 2010). In the absence of suitable mental health support arrangements, military workers'…. [read more]

Anxiety Disorders Diagnosis Research Paper

… Gelernter et al. (1991) compared the use of alprazolam in the treatment of social anxiety disorders and reported a positive outcome.


Just anecdotal evidence is in support of the efficacy of TCAs in the treatment of the social anxiety disorder (Van Vliet, Den Boer and Westenberg,1994)

Posttraumatic stress disorder

The use of Benzodiazepines

Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is noted to be a complex syndrome which occurs after a single or multiple exposure tom traumatic events and it involves a multiplicity of symptoms. The symptoms include flashbacks, avoidance of the specific reminders of a given tragic event, emotional numbering among others. No established form of pharmacotherapy exists for PSTD but there are multiple forms of medications that appear to be very effective in the reduction…. [read more]

Art Therapy and PTSD Research Proposal

… Art Therapy and PTSD

Art Therapy Utilized in Cases of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Art has always played a major role in human life and development. Some of our knowledge of our earliest ancestors comes from the drawings and sculptures they left behind. Art is an essential part of what it is to be human, and can be utilized for a variety of purposes including communication, expression, and even therapy. Art therapy is known to have beneficial results for individuals suffering with a variety of cognitive disorders, such as that of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). PTSD is an anxiety disorder which plagues patients after the event or multiple events of trauma which instill painful memories and later manifests itself as a wide variety…. [read more]

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