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Difference Between Internal Needs-Based and External Performance Drives of Motivation Term Paper

… Motivation

Difference Between Internal Needs Based And External Performance Drives Of Motivation

What is the difference between internal needs based and external performance drivers of motivation?

Motivation has many definitions, but one key component of the concept is that of making people 'want' to do what you 'want' them to do. Anyone can compel someone by force to perform a particular action, if they have enough physical power. But the workplace, unlike the military, demands that employees perform their tasks with some semblance of enthusiasm. Intensity of motivational pressure, the duration, and the persistence of the motivator along with the type of task will all affect the degree to which motivation is effective, and there is a limit to which how much and how long…. [read more]

Motivation and Confidence in Sports Thesis

… 51). As it were, the association that exists between sport confidence and performance should be an important issue for psychologists in sports to analyze. Actually, sport confidence can be a varying and temporary variant. The inconsistency in sport confidence that exists in duration of time is influenced in basic by the sources of the confidence. (Weinberg & Gould, 1999, p.24).

Researchers can make an effort to realize how the sources of sport confidence would make an impact on the athlete's performance, level of confidence, cognition, emotion and behaviors. They may also carefully analyze the confidence that is derived from sources by realizing the interaction of the social background, organizational cultures, and the nuances of the athlete. Sport competition is a basic atmosphere…. [read more]

Motivation: Two Views of a Manager's Ability Essay

… Motivation: Two views of a manager's ability to shape human motivation within an organizational context

Motivation could be defined as convincing someone that they want to do something, rather than forcing them to do it. Motivating individuals with a mixture of internal and external rewards is necessary for any organization to function, from school to the workplace. Perhaps the crudest form of motivation is reinforcement theory, a variant of operant conditioning, where 'good' behavior is rewarded and 'bad' behavior is punished, in a carrot-and-stick approach. However, exactly how a manager can strike a delicate between intrinsic and extrinsic rewards remains controversial, as well as the question of whether it is possible to quantify and categorize a larger theory of motivation of the human psyche at…. [read more]

Existence and Use of Mainstream and Classical Motivation Theories in the Turkish Businesses Multiple Chapters

… Motivation Theories in Turkey Textile Tactics

Motivation Theories

turkey textile tactics

The News Reports

Area of Study

Organization of Study

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs


Self-Perception Theory

Goal Setting Theory

Motivation in Factories

Potential for Pursuing Empirical Research


Discussion of Results in relation to Objectives.

Discussion of those in relation to Survey Results

Discussion of these in relation to the Theory.

Discussion of Interviews


Four Components of Empirical Research

Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs

Conditions Affecting Goal Effectiveness

Table 2: Maslow's Hierarchy and Descriptions of Needs



"Turkey's textile industry, which began in small shops in 1960,

has rapidly evolved and transformed Turkey into a global competitor"

("Turkey exports 20 bln…" 2010 ¶ 8).

The…. [read more]

Personality, Motivation and Managing Staff Essay

… Latham (2007) believes that for Dylan to be motivated, he needs an appropriate approach to be implemented (this might depend on whether Dylan wants non-financial incentives or financial incentives). This will rely heavily on Dylan's aspects of motivation, his sex partner, and resources. In the end, he will not be able to account for the salary increase and bonuses, which translates to non-financial incentives being implemented. Poor wage and salary might be a factor leading to dissatisfaction of Dylan within the sexual context. This case proves difficult for non-financial incentives to be effective in the course of motivating an individual. The need of balancing the two arises.

Financial incentives

According to Hoffmann (2007), using financial rewards to increase motivation is a popular method being used…. [read more]

Internal External Recruitment Term Paper

… Internal External Recruitment

In the present world under dynamically developing and changing business conditions, labor market worldwide faces continuing transformations. The need in qualified personnel today can be compared to the need in essential energy resources, as only qualified and well-organized workers can guarantee high performance of organizations.

Recent researches have shown that organizations with well planned recruiting strategies and qualified HRM personnel have higher levels of annual profit, profit growth, sales growth, and overall performance.Today the selection of personnel - both internal and external recruitment is a very complicated and responsible process as businesses today coexist in high competition so that success of organization depends upon professionalism of every employee. That's why the problem of selecting right personnel for organizations and businesses is of…. [read more]

Bias Motivation Capstone Project

… Bias

Motivation is a vital part of any company's work. Without motivation, performance will necessarily suffer. A high level of motivation provides individuals and companies with the energy to not only perform their required tasks well, but also to perform beyond the call of duty. In this way, outputs become truly excellent rather than merely adequate. The same is particularly true for the university environment, where highly motivated personnel will affect the excellence of outputs directly. There are a number of variables that interact to affect motivation and outputs. These can be applied to Strayer University to determine the level of their outputs and the motivation that underscores these.

The first variable is structure. Strayer University consists of various components. Top management is made up…. [read more]

Teacher Motivation Research Proposal

… Teaching is one of the professions that many and indeed probably even most people enter with a large measure of idealism. They seek out education as a profession not for the salary or the benefits (despite the belief of many non-teachers that teachers are primarily motivated by the long vacations) but because they feel that teaching is their vocation, their calling. And yet despite this initial strong motivation to teach, many teachers leave the profession after a short time, often after only a year in the classroom. For example, about twenty percent of new Vancouver teachers leave the profession after their first year (Richmond, 2005), which is about middling, with some regions losing up to fifty percent of their novice teachers after their first year…. [read more]

Arborite Term Paper

… 84 per square foot for the Canadian product and $1.21 to $1.05 per square foot for imported HPL from the U.S. The percentage of U.S. imports is also expected to rise and that of the Canadian product is expected to fall.

Manufacturing process and suppliers of HPL raw materials

The process to manufacture HPL involves the following eight stages:

Resin mixing: Resin is the bonding agent used to glue paper stock together and create the laminate composite product. Three basic chemicals were required to be mixed to obtain the desired resin. None of the HPL manufacturers were backward integrated and did not control the suppliers of the raw chemical material. The company manufacturing the HPL can either mix the resin or it can be obtained…. [read more]

Role of Training in Business Performance Essay

… It is necessary to budget for change and implementation the change to ensure future systems communicate with proposed systems.

To bridge the gap, the business must seek a way to discuss ways to proceed. Different people should get an assignment on areas with proposed changes and get encouragement to participate in the process of change (Butler et al., 2007). They should check on the problems and the pros and cons of various suggestions and views.

The final stage to bridge the gap entails determination and communication of solutions. It should involve the creation of a project plan that focuses on the way the business will move forward. Since the change requires a financial investment, it is critical to developing a timeline and a budget. In…. [read more]

How to Motivate the Unmotivated Student Thesis

… ¶ … Motivation

"Motivating the Seemingly Unmotivated Student"

Approximately 25% of students in the late 1980's were living at or below the nationally established poverty level. Children from these poor families were identified as having higher rates of needing special instruction vs. other same age students from more advantaged homes (Young & Melnick, 1996). Today, the numbers of "at risk" students has grown exponentially and compounded for students who are recent immigrants, represent an ethnic or racial minority, and are poor (Barber, et al., 1988). As more than 90% of urban middle school enrollment, these youth attend schools with weak curriculums, limited access to more challenging academic instruction, and proven alternatives to instructional strategies (Russ, 1993).

Students who come to school facing challenges in the…. [read more]

Motivation the Present Study Research Proposal

… The data will then be checked so as to account for missing data and human errors. The preliminary analyses will include tests intended to assess for violations of assumption, as well as a reliability analyses and an examination of demographic variations in the dependent variable.

Assumption testing. Data will be screened using SPSS. Also, using graphs and statistical procedures, the assumption of normality will be tested and checked for violations. The identification of these violations is an essential step in the statistical analyses process due to the fact that these violations must be corrected in order for the model to yield accurate results.

Normality. Normality tests will be utilized for the determination of normal distribution of all measured variables. Incidents of outliers, residuals, and influential…. [read more]

Difference Between Effective and Successful Coaches Essay

… Essendon Coach

Successful vs. Effective Coaching: Essendon Football Club

Organisational leadership is inherently challenging. In any context, it is incumbent upon the individual in the leadership role to select the style of leadership best suited to his or her skill set and likewise the style best suited to the group or organisation in question. The dilemma driven by the need for such a selection underscores the discussion hereafter. Contextualized by the world of professional sports and by the responsibility of coaching, the following discussion aims to outline the distinctions between effective coaching and successful coaching. Using both personal experiences in the sport of rugby and the professional sporting example of James Hird, coach of the Essendon Football Club, the following discussion will consider five major…. [read more]

Training Needs Analysis Practices Thesis

… The key achievement of this chapter is that it introduces the training needs analysis in Saudi Arabia and explain why the need to measure effectiveness of TNA. Then it indicates the research gap and the purpose of the research. In addition, the chapter also looks into the overview of the research questions and issues. Finally, the chapter looks into the justification of the research and the overview of the methodology. Next, the review of the research is being looked at.

Chapter Two: Review of Related Literature

2.1 Introduction

The review of related literature begins with a discussion of human resource management and its model. The discussion then progresses to the topic of strategic human resource management which provides a springboard for a presentation of training…. [read more]

Employee Motivation in a Pcba Contract Manufacturing Dissertation

… Employee motivation in a PCBA contract manufacturing industry -- an example of Plexus

Today many organizations are going through change due to globalization and ever changing technology. Organizations have to cope with these changes by broadening their networks, introducing new systems at work place, hiring new staff or other many such type of changes. These changes influence workplace atmospheres as well as existing employees and they feel it difficult to cope with the changes. Current paper is a case study of Plexus Company a part of the PCB contract company. Plexus organization went through change as its widened its network and as a result workplace atmosphere was affected. The researcher explored the change affect in the company at operational level by exploring the factors of…. [read more]

Integrating Total Quality Environmental Management Term Paper

… Environmental management includes recycling and remanufacturing of parts and products (Anthony, 2002). Disassembly and recycling of reusable parts help the cause of environment protection, reduces the cost of usage of a fresh component, and avoids disposal costs. Material Resource Planning (MRP), an assembly-oriented scheduling system, does not support the process of disassembly. Uncertainty of quality, quantity and timing of recovery of reusable parts makes production planning difficult. To incorporate product recovery planning in MRP, use of reverse bill of material for every retrieved component or product is recommended. Concepts used in planning probabilistic demands for end items are used in structuring the bill of material.

Closed loop system is a widely used environment practice by many companies. This system requires new material only on non-receipt…. [read more]

School-Based Intervention Trials for the Prevention of Childhood Obesity Research Proposal

… School-Based Intervention Trials for the Prevention of Childhood Obesity

When it comes to the issue of childhood obesity, there are many factors that have to be considered. Proper parenting is important, the media is blamed for a lot of the obesity that is seen today, and, increasingly, the schools are also being blamed for not working hard enough at ensuring that the children in their care eat properly and get enough exercise. This study looks at interventions in schools as a way to curb the rising epidemic of childhood obesity.

This is very important, because these overweight children turn into overweight adults, and as this takes place their risks for serious disease not only rise, but they start much earlier than they would have if…. [read more]

Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans Research Proposal

… Coping Mediates the Relationship Between Personality Traits and PTSD in Combat Veterans

The work of Solomon, Mikulincer and Avitzur (1988) entitled: "Coping, Locus of Control, Social Support and Combat-Related Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Prospective Study" states that participation puts soldiers "under intense pressures that can impair their functioning. The most widespread manifestation of psychopathology on the battlefield is combat stress reaction (CSR), also known as battle shock and battle fatigue." (Solomon, Mikulincer, and Avitzur, 1998) states that characteristics of CSR include: (1) psychomotor retardation; (2) withdrawal; (3) increased sympathetic activities; (4) stuttering; (5) confusion; (6) nausea; (7) vomiting; and (8) paranoid reactions. (p. 279) Stated as the most common element in "all of these varied manifestations" is the cease to function efficiency by soldiers in…. [read more]

Theory X And Theory Y Research Paper

… Most people need to be controlled, otherwise there is chaos.

Most people have self-control and are able to manage tasks.

Different individuals have differing thresholds for task management.

Most people need an external reason for motivation.

Most people are intrinsically motivated

What is the motivation? For some, money; for others, praise.

Most people are not very intuitive and need to be taught most things.

Most people have a sensical appreciation for tasks and will learn quickly.

Again, this is rather task specific; assembly line procedures differ from advanced cognitive functions.

Most people need outside encouragement to do good work.

People innately want to do a good job.

Based upon experience, desire, task, and motivation.

It is important to regularly check on people's job and tasks…. [read more]

Second Language Learning Motivations of Non-Heritage Chinese Research Proposal

… ¶ … Second Language Learning Motivations of Non-Heritage Chinese Learners in University Credit Courses

The 21st century has been dubbed the "Century of Asia" with China leading the way. Moreover, the number of people who speak some form of Chinese all over the world is enormous, and many experts suggest that individuals who are bilingual and fluent in Chinese as a second language will be in big demand in the future. This demand is being fueled to some degree by the need for Chinese speakers in North America as well. For instance, over the course of the next 2 decades, the respective representation of minorities in Canada is projected to continue to increase so that, by the year 2016, it is estimated that visible minorities…. [read more]

Learning in the Context of Globalization Term Paper

… Motivation in a Highly Multicultural Firm

Communications are Vital

Identifying Challenges and Confirming What Counts

Focusing on Can not Can't

Reminders to Help

Soliciting What's Valuable

Presenting Opportunities

Motivation in a Highly Multicultural Firm

Communications Are Vital

If you look for the worst in people and expect to find it, you surely will. (Lincoln, 2006)

What we have here... is the failure to communicate." When the warden spouted these words in reference to "Luke," the prisoner Paul Newman played in the 1967 movie, "Cool Hand Luke," he was, as Abraham Lincoln proposed in this paper's introductory quote, looking for the worst in Luke. Today, in our multicultural world, one can choose to either see the worst or best in others; to communicate in ways that…. [read more]

Performance Based Management (PBM) Annotated Bibliography

… Focusing on a large water and sewerage firm in Poland, the article outlines the steps involved in designing and implementing a PBM system. The first step involves strategic analysis, which entails evaluating the organisation's internal and external environment. This includes the present strategic direction (vision, mission, and objectives), state of the organisation, strengths (resources and capabilities), weaknesses (processes, controls, systems, procedures, etc.), as well as threats and opportunities in the micro and the macro environment. A strategic analysis ensures informed determination of performance measures and outcomes. The final step involves actual implementation. An important aspect of the PBM implementation cycle relates to stakeholder engagement. The relevant stakeholders -- from employees to suppliers -- must be effectively engaged to ensure a shared understanding of the PBM…. [read more]

Relationship Between Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty in 4 Star Hotels in Geneva Term Paper

… ¶ … Customer Satisfaction and Loyalty in 4-Star Hotels in Geneva

recognized problem for the hospitality industry is to find a way to keep their loyal customers and earn new once. A lot of hotels create questionnaires to find out if their customers are satisfied during their stay. If the questionnaire score shows a result which is better than good, they will think that the customers are loyal to them and will always return back. Since all hotels are competing for customers, the industry needs to be aware of the competitors, since customers will shop around and stay at the hotel that gives them the best value. It is important to remember that service is something we cannot touch which means intangible. When giving service…. [read more]

Integrated HRM Approach to Organizational Performance Essay

… Neglecting the government workforce, unions stand for only 9.5% of the private workforce. But in any case, a business firm has to recognize a union in case the employees want to be a part of union. Looking back, this was quite acceptable most companies. These days, organizations detest unions and promote a union free environment (Naeem, 2011).

F. Human Resource Research

It's not included as a proper function, but it has relevance in HRM functional areas where the researcher's lab is his office (Naeem, 2011).

G. Interrelationships of HRM Functions

Effective and efficient SHRM in South African public sector

In the 21st century, public administration has been under continuous scrutiny by the demands and principles of democratic governance. The main question asked here is that:…. [read more]

Customer Satisfaction Literature Review

… Although we find evidence that the adoption of nonfinancial measures improves firms' current and future stock market performance, we find only partial support for accounting performance improvements. Overall, the results indicate that the association between the use of nonfinancial measures and firm performance is contingent on the firm's operational and competitive characteristics. (2003, p. 5)

In the non-manufacture sector literature systems such as Total Quality Management also address the fact that employee training in the service industry is an essential aspect of customer service. One must not ever assume that employees will use common sense when dealing with customers, and be courteous and helpful. One must train such behaviors and sanction negative behaviors, when they are documented. (Luthans & Kessler, 1993, p. 2) Without such…. [read more]

Conspicuous Consumption the Relationship Term Paper

… .. Anything which pleases the senses, and is also costly, or difficult to obtain; an expensive rarity; as, silks, jewels, and rare fruits are luxuries" (Dictionary) Indeed, luxury can take on many different forms. In prosperous nations, luxury often consists of nice cars, brand name clothing, houses and expensive jewellery. In less developed countries luxury might consist of having clean water or toilet paper. For the purposes of this discussion, we will focus on luxury as it is defined in nations that are more prosperous.

The obsession with luxury has caused many problems in nations around the world. Many consumers are in a great deal of debt because they have chosen to purchase luxury products that they cannot afford. In some extreme cases, people have…. [read more]

Orange Strategic Marketing Plan Essay

… 6% between 2007 and 2011. The German and UK markets grew at 4% and 1% respectively. As of the latest market sizing estimates as generated by Orange's strategic planning team and published in their annual report and investor relations data, the market is projected to have a .7% CAGR through 2015 as shown in Figure 3. What this flat rate of growth underscores is how competitive the EU market regions are specifically and the global market in general are for telecom services. Competing for new customers is more expensive than keeping existing ones. A point well-reflected in the churn rates of the industry customer base in general and Orange customers specifically (Orange Investor Relations, 2012). The following section evaluates the competitors in this market including…. [read more]

Supply Chain Management Hypothesis Thesis

… It requires the total dedication from organization within which it SCM implementation is being planned. SCM "expands the scope of the organization being managed beyond the enterprise level to include interorganizational relationships." (Strader et al., 1999)

Supply chain depends heavily on the relationships that organizations can develop and sustain through personal interactions and using the latest technology. Earlier studies in SCM focused on identifying the supply chain network (SCN) developed by organizations. Later, studies focused on supply chain demands, supply chain operation and information sharing. In the present organizational environment, competitive advantages are not just single company or organization-based. Rather, they are supply chain based. (Muralidharan et al., 2002)

There are many independent models within the SCM methodology. Each of these deserve discussion. Some of…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

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