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Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom Research Proposal

… Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom

Differentiation in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom: A Defense of Differentiation and the Importance of Special Education Environments

Thanks to the No Child Left Behind Act, increasing educational research, and a revitalized interest in special education students and the methods by which they receive the best education possible, the question of differentiation has once again taken a starring role in K-12 drama. According to Thompson, whose 1999 Personalized Learning article about differentiation predated the current overwhelming response to the topic, differentiation "causes us to grapple with many of our traditional -- if questionable -- ways of 'doing school'" (pg. 12). Indeed, Thompson (1999) argues that in order for differentiation to work, teachers must "know where we want…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction Research Proposal

… Differentiated Instruction in the Classroom

Students in the classroom have varied abilities and learn at varying rates which makes differentiation of instruction a practice that supports the learning of all students. This work explores what differentiation of instruction is and what it is not with a particular focus on differentiated instruction in the science classroom.

Most teachers currently use the direct instruction approach and not all students are on the same level so achievement is not up to standards for all students.

The use of direct instruction in science classes doesn't allow adequate learning for all students.

The purpose of this project is to....determine the relationship between measures of student achievements in science classes in grades 9-12 and implementation of differentiated instruction over a period…. [read more]

Curriculum Differentiated Instruction Term Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

What is differentiated instruction?

Differentiated instruction is the practice of modifying and adapting instruction, materials, content, student projects and products, and assessment to meet the learning needs of students. In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful (Logsdon). Therefore, an instructor varies his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible for the student instead of applying a one-size fits all approach.

How do we differentiate content?

Tomlinson (2001) provides several suggestions for differentiating content. The author suggests the use of several elements and materials to support instructional content. These include acts, concepts, generalizations, attitudes and skills. Next, the author advises the alignment of tasks and objectives to…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction Research Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

Guided Reading

Differentiation defined

Students enter classrooms today with a range of abilities. Additionally, pressures from accountability standards and high-stakes testing have forced teachers to find new ways to reach all of their students. Ankrum & Bean (2008) report that exemplary instructors employ differentiated instruction to meet the needs of their students, stating "teaching was very different in the most effective classrooms from student to student and from occasion to occasion" (p. 136).

According to Anderson (2007) differentiation is not at all a new concept. Citing the example of the one-room schoolhouse, Anderson (2007) explains that differentiated instruction stems from the belief about differences among learners, how students learn, differences in learning preferences, and individual interests. By its nature, differentiation implies that the…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction This Work Reports a Case Term Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

This work reports a case study conducted relating to differentiated instruction in a classroom with ESL or English as Second Language students.

The methodology of this study is one of a quantitative as well as a qualitative nature. This study is quantitative in terms of the study conducted by the researcher in this study and was through the adding of classroom instruction making use of Multiple Texts and Supplementary Materials. The Intervention in this study was adding to instruction of more visual aides and graphic organizers to help learn material. Labs required a pictorial representation of main concepts of lab. This study was however, also qualitative in nature since part of the report of this study is in the form of a literature…. [read more]

Successful Steps to Transition Through Self-Advocacy and Self-Determination Thesis

… Self-Advocacy

Steps to Successful Transition Through Self-Advocacy Towards Self-Determination

The inclusion of disabled individuals in the general social, educational and occupational contexts which are welcoming to mainstream populations is a goal which appears to parallel the progressive orientation of our culture. Modern education shows evidence of the trend toward change, facilitating the increasing integration of individuals who are physically, emotionally or learning disabled into public and private schools. This trend has been a decidedly positive one, with legal, economic and educational strategies coming together to present an effective and productive change in the way that we contend with disabilities. Inclusive practice, which submits that educational institutions should be considered responsible for helping to assimilate disabled students into mainstream population classroom settings and for providing them…. [read more]

Direct Instruction: The Effect Term Paper

… In her journal article "Effective instruction begins with purposeful assessments" Cobb (2003) points out that building administrators and reading specialists have to take a leadership role and help teachers differentiate between assessment and evaluation. Further Cobb suggests that teaching will be more meaningful when instruction is directed and when administrators and teachers collaborate to develop a curriculum that is integrated and reciprocal.

Though her article doesn't specifically support direct instruction, it does suggest that methods involving direct instruction techniques may result in more effective instruction in the classroom. Cobb (2003) also points out the importance of developing meaningful and guided instruction, and suggests that teachers must take the time to meet and discuss student work as well as share ideas and instructional methods including direct…. [read more]

Meeting the Needs of the Gifted and Talented in a Mainstream Classroom Setting Data Analysis Chapter

… Meeting the Needs of the Gifted and Talented in a Mainstream Classroom Setting

Qualitative research

Does teacher instruction challenge the needs of the gifted and talented in a mainstream classroom?

Special needs instruction for low-performing students has become an increasingly important aspect of the modern national conversation on education, given the growing, evident need for additional support for students with autism, attention-deficit disorder, and ESL students. However, the presence of gifted and talented students at the other end of the differential learning spectrum is often forgotten. Because these students are not evidently being 'left behind' in the debate regarding standardized assessment and testing, their needs are often ignored. Teachers may assign some students more challenging work for 'extra credit' but the specific needs of the…. [read more]

Cross Platform Mobile and Web Widgets Installation Thesis

… Cross Platform Mobile and Web Widgets Installation

Computer-mediated communication and decision-making applications for teams are extremely varied and ubiquitous, ranging from e-mail to shared bulletin boards for classrooms to remote conferencing. As the potential to put these applications onto the Web becomes better exploited, computer-mediated communication and coordination of teams of individuals will become even more widespread. Although the Web is normally thought of as an individual-to-mass form of communication, it actually has a great deal of potential to serve team collaboration. This is largely due to the cross-platform nature of Web design. It is also partly due to the fact that Web-based applets do not require the team members to have specialized software installed on their machines in advance (Proctor & Vu, 2005). Likewise,…. [read more]

Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Term Paper

… However, to date there is limited documented research supporting such a statement. In 2000, Holm and his colleagues conducted a seminal study that used everyday activities- (or occupation-) based interventions with two dually diagnosed students who attended school and lived in a CLA. The everyday activities-based intervention focused on enabling the students' participation in everyday AM and PM activities such as bed making, selecting clothes for school, helping prepare the food for dinner, setting the table, and selecting the games and crafts for after-dinner activities. Overall, the disruptive and challenging behaviors of the two students were significantly reduced when they participated in the everyday activities-based tasks, even though the focus of the intervention was NOT on their behavior as in the school environment, but rather…. [read more]

Education Instructional Design Term Paper

… The key for the teacher is to provide unique differentiating techniques mixed with love and patience. As long as lesson plans and teaching aids take into consideration the various facts associated with a students Psychomotor, cognitive, affective and social abilities, differentiating instruction will be the result.


In conclusion, this portfolio narrative presented insights into my combined ten years of field work experience in the teaching profession. My professional focus was on helping special needs and special education students with the same high level of educational values as was being provided for the rest of the student population. I worked in a private school and was, given unique and delightfully interesting memories and insights into the educational process. I have also had the opportunity to…. [read more]

Best Practices of Reading Instruction for Special Education Research Paper

… Special Education

Best Practices of Reading Instruction for Special Education

There are several things to consider when looking for special education resources in the area of reading. They include the students, their background, program, best practices in reading instruction, analysis of the material for reading and fluency oral and reading. A basic structure for how to best teach reading to these students is vital. There are many reading programs available online and at the local library. Special education teachers also have access to key information and materials, as do schools and businesses that focus in reading training (Special Education Resources for Reading, n.d.).

Reading is the pivotal skill that allows children to achieve at high levels and become reflective, lifelong learners. Becoming a fluent reader…. [read more]

Mental Retardation Research Proposal

… Functional Curriculum

Students with moderate to severe mental limitations caused by retardation face a multitude of challenges within their lives. As a way to help prepare them for these additional challenges, functional curriculum aims to help facilitate independent living and vocational skills alongside with traditional academic curriculum. This type of context helps prepare students to live an independent and functional life after school.

There are obvious limitations for the minds and capabilities for students with mental handicaps, much as moderate to severe mental retardation. In accordance with this fact, it is clear that the curriculum geared towards such a student body population must reflect those limitations and set reasonable goals. Thus, functional curriculum is a viable option within lesson plans directed towards the education of…. [read more]

Effects of Luxury Fashion From Swarovski Toward Social Identity Literature Review

… ¶ … luxury fashion of Swarovski toward social identity.

The review of the literatures presents "the effects of luxury fashion from Swarovski toward social identity." The paper reviews the literatures to provide greater understanding of the "experiential marketing for fashion jewellery, emotional brand attachment and brand personality and social media and cultural influences." The literatures identify that Swarovski is facing competition within the global market environment due to the influx of cheap fashion jewelry product from China . Thus, the company needs to design effective marketing promotion to differentiate its product as well as enhancing competitive market advantage.

Swarovski Overview

Swarovski is a global company that specializes in designing fashion jewelry and the company uses the supreme mastery to design and produce fashion products such…. [read more]

Integrate Evaluation Techniques Thesis

… Once these aims have been identified, the next step would be divide the primary aims across the questionnaire in a way that not only interlinks the aims but also maintains a flow in the questionnaire structure. The next critical step would be the facilities as the facilities chosen will also set a standard and an image for the staff and the participants about the overall program. Also, it will be the first impression made, even before the questionnaires are distributed and first impressions are always important in instigating a fruitful questionnaire feedback.

The next important aspect would be to make sure that the questionnaires don't come across as biased or imposing. This simply means that any and all questions asked should not have an underlying…. [read more]

Presidential Fitness Testing National Significance Research Paper

… Once again citing the current obesity epidemic and generally poor health of America's population, states like Illinois continue to face significant obstacles in their journey to healthily prepare their students for adulthood. With ghastly increases in fast food consumption and video gaming throughout the youth population, physical fitness education remains extremely arduous in the modern environment . Additionally, the current financial situation in many central states has caused educational budgets to be cut and much financing to be lost. As this situation is compounded by the already unhealthy environment in which many Illinoisan children live, fitness education and testing has become an increasingly uphill battle for educators.

The unfortunately aforementioned circumstances in Illinois and across the country have caused there to be an extreme shortage…. [read more]

Mathematics Z-Model Framework in Middle School Thesis

… This unique framework has 4 domains, and while this study investigates the Z-model's use in the mathematics curriculum, this framework is focused on improving and enhancing students' achievement in any course of study.

The four domains involved in the Z-model create a comprehensive educational understanding and framework for use in improving educational progress. They are:

  1. Brain development, and efforts in the classroom which can enhance/promote brain development.

  2. How project-based learning can be utilized in order to fully engage the student in the learning community.

  3. Data-Driven instruction (the second half of the breadth - vs. - depth debate). The students must be held accountable to learn a specific knowledge base of facts, figures, and formulae. Without objective measurement of the educational progress,…. [read more]

Second Language Oral Production in High School Within the Context of CLIL Research Proposal


This study is motivated by theoretical and pedagogical interests: to inform instructional design intended to integrate language and content and to explore how form and meaning intersect in SLA (second language acquisition). Both interests draw on an extensive body of research that encompasses theory and practice underlying three different yet related frameworks and lines of inquiry: content-based language teaching, form-focused instruction and attention and awareness in SLA (second language acquisition). All three of these areas are linked by a concern with the intersection of form and meaning in second language classrooms. Content-based language instruction was originally inspired as an alternative to traditional approaches to language teaching that favored form over meaning. Form-focused…. [read more]

Classroom Management Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux Essay

… Classroom Management

Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux, and Lawrence Ingalls (2004) report that teachers harbor great concern over the behaviors of their students and the impact unruly conduct has on the learning environment. It is common for teachers to spend a significant amount of classroom time focusing on changing or molding students' behaviors in an effort to maximize time on-task in order to facilitate academic learning. A teachers' inventory of effective classroom management strategies is a vital part of their daily practices as a means of limiting disruptions. Usually, classroom management training for prospective teachers relies on behavioral outcomes based on generic characteristics believed to characterize traditional and non-traditional students, ignoring ethnic, cultural, or socioeconomic differences. It is commonly assumed that instrumental conditioning, such as reinforcement,…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Love Letter Term Paper

… The delicacy and playfulness of Rococo designs is often seen as a reaction to the excesses of Louis XIV's regime" ( Thus, the frivolity and the sense of fleeting that is present throughout the painting is something which is representative of the Rococo period in general.

Ultimately, the painting is very inviting and it encourages one to be a part of the space that it occupies. It makes one almost feel mildly voyeuristic as if one is trying to get a glimpse at the love letter presented. The painting is both quiet and loud and involves the senses in a sensual manner, evoking a strong amount of curiosity. Its warmth makes one enjoy being in its presence. It provides pleasure and makes one feel uncomfortable.…. [read more]

Pharmaceutical Industries Have to Operate Term Paper

… The data that was evaluated was a combination from book, journal articles, review papers and the Internet. The information reviewed pertained to a wide variety of situations and industries. There were some common trends observed in all the material. The commitment of the management and the involvement of the worker are critical no matter what the condition of the external and internal environment the company faces. Integrating the core function -- marketing and sale of products along with the goals and the objectives of the organization is the new route the organization has to now follow.

A distillation of the interviews will be provided in Chapter 2.


Understanding the main…. [read more]

Classroom Management Toolkit Innovation in Education Career Exploration Term Paper

… ePortfolio

Criterion 2: Innovations in Education

The pace of technological growth and innovation in the Internet Age has easily outstripped any other period in human development, leading to profound and seemingly permanent changes in the way information is created and communicated in the matter of a few short years. The impact that these innovations and the pace of change has had on the business world and on everyday interactions has been well documented and is clearly self-evident in many cases, yet the manner in which many specific new technologies as well as technology in general can and has impacted instruction and education remains less apparent and thus less practically useful. There are many ways that technologies including social networking websites, graphics displays, and a variety…. [read more]

High Degree of Misinformation Essay

… Discuss the changes.

Prior to taking this course, in many ways I considered Christianity to be a static religion. I had not given thought to the notion that Christianity changed rapidly in the first few centuries of its practice. I noticed several critical changes in the practice of Christianity in the first century AD and its later practice. The first change was the idea of a Christ centered church with Jesus as the only leader. The second change was the idea of a church with multiple elders to focusing power on a single leader. The third change was the idea that church leadership should remain local to the shifting of power to leaders located away from the church's physical area. The fourth change was a…. [read more]

Udl Comments the Universal Design Essay

… Universal design learning needs to demonstrate the principles behind the theory in order for any success to be realized in its utilization. Providing education with multiple avenues of representation and form, and new ways of engaging and expression are at the core of this type of approach and developers of curriculum should keep an open mind about what may or may not work and in what particular circumstances it is possible.

A solid education is one where the student no longer needs the teacher or instructor, or even the school itself. Self education where students are actively engaged in pursuing their own educational interests is the ultimate objective of any educational journey. While most people, much less young people, are incapable of handling such freedom…. [read more]

Classroom Observation Quality Questioning Is Fast Essay

… Classroom Observation

Quality questioning is fast becoming one of the operative pedagogical techniques in the contemporary classroom. Ever since Benjamin Bloom in the 1950s and the taxonomy of learning, teachers have been encouraged to use questioning to buttress core subjects and engage students. Nathan Bond, however, suggests that classroom management problems occur under two circumstances: 1) If students are dissatisfied with the material or bored they tend to manifest off-task behavior and, 2) If students are unclear about the particular expectations that the teacher has, or the lesson needs. In general, then, quality questioning keeps students on task, engaged, and because they are being asked to think about more than just facts, they will have far less time or energy to get off task and…. [read more]

Distance Learning in Adult Education Term Paper

… Higher Education

Distance Learning in Adult Education

History of Distance Learning

Throughout the nineteenth century, in the United States, several activities in adult education paved the way for the organization of university extension beyond campuses. In 1873, Anna Ticknor formed the society to encourage studies at home for the purpose of educational opportunities for women of all classes in the society. This Boston-based, largely volunteer effort offered correspondence instruction to 10,000 members over a 24-year period. Printed materials were sent through the mail as the main way of communication, teaching, and learning. In 1883 a Correspondence University headquartered at Cornell University was founded, but never got off the ground. The first official acknowledgment of education by correspondence came from 1883 to 1891 by Chautauqua College…. [read more]

Testing Debate: Should We Teach Term Paper


The debate surrounding standardized testing is one in which nearly all stakeholders have a definite and emphatic opinion. This is discussion in which everyone has strong feelings either in support of or against this type of 'teaching to the test' and one in which all of the varied responses are all of a strong nature. This work reports the conduction of a literature review study of the various reasons given in support of those who are both for and those against standardized state testing even though the writer of this work does have an opinion to voice in the ongoing debate regarding standardized testing.


The No Child Left Behind Act and the…. [read more]

Organizational Behavior Joe Salatino (Revision) Case Study

… The other theory is the operant condition, where the individual learn and adopt voluntary behavior. The implications and influence of the theory to the surroundings made voluntary behavior to be referred to as operants (Hellriegel & Slocum, 2007, pg 98). Managers can influence this behavior due to the availability of consequences. For instance, if Joe increased the salary abruptly, then most of the employees would change their behavior, because of motivation. The consequence of work is pay. This is a tool most managers use to change the employee's behavior.

The last and most commonly used theory is the social learning theory. This was the theory to be implemented by Joe to help govern his company. According to the theory, people observe others and tend to…. [read more]

Pulmonary Autopsy Findings Essay

… The differences in the alveoli and their spaces which were identified in the latter group and were used in comparison with the former group should be isolated and studied to confirm that they actually have been caused by negative pressure in the air, as the researchers postulate in the discussion, and are not indicative of some other condition. Such an examination could help to solidify the researcher's conclusion in light of the inconclusive statistics of the number of microscopic fields with longitudinal dimensions greater than 300 mm between these two groups.


In summary, despite the fact that there were a number of prudent measures undertaken in Comparison of pulmonary autopsy findings of the rats drowned at surface and 50 ft depth, it has enough…. [read more]

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