Viewing papers 1-30 of 56 for differentiated AND instruction AND in AND the AND self contained AND special AND education AND classroom

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Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom Research Proposal

… Differentiated Instruction in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom

Differentiation in the Self-Contained Special Education Classroom: A Defense of Differentiation and the Importance of Special Education Environments

Thanks to the No Child Left Behind Act, increasing educational research, and a revitalized interest in special education students and the methods by which they receive the best education possible, the question of differentiation has once again taken a starring role in K-12 drama. According to Thompson, whose 1999 Personalized Learning article about differentiation predated the current overwhelming response to the topic, differentiation "causes us to grapple with many of our traditional -- if questionable -- ways of 'doing school'" (pg. 12). Indeed, Thompson (1999) argues that in order for differentiation to work, teachers must "know where we want…. [read more]

Successful Steps to Transition Through Self-Advocacy and Self-Determination Thesis

… Self-Advocacy

Steps to Successful Transition Through Self-Advocacy Towards Self-Determination

The inclusion of disabled individuals in the general social, educational and occupational contexts which are welcoming to mainstream populations is a goal which appears to parallel the progressive orientation of our culture. Modern education shows evidence of the trend toward change, facilitating the increasing integration of individuals who are physically, emotionally or learning disabled into public and private schools. This trend has been a decidedly positive one, with legal, economic and educational strategies coming together to present an effective and productive change in the way that we contend with disabilities. Inclusive practice, which submits that educational institutions should be considered responsible for helping to assimilate disabled students into mainstream population classroom settings and for providing them…. [read more]

Special Education - Inclusion the Transition Term Paper

… Special Education - Inclusion

The transition from a middle school setting to a high school setting can be daunting for the best of students, but this transition may be particularly problematic for many special needs students that are transitioning from a program of instruction specifically designed for them to a more inclusive regular classroom setting. Unfortunately, there is a growing recognition among educators and policymakers alike that students with special needs are not receiving the level of educational services they need to succeed academically and professionally. Complicating the administration of special needs programs at the outset is a constellation of federal mandates that guide how individualized education programs must be provided for public school students with disabilities today. Advocates of full inclusion programs maintain that…. [read more]

Curriculum Differentiated Instruction Term Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

What is differentiated instruction?

Differentiated instruction is the practice of modifying and adapting instruction, materials, content, student projects and products, and assessment to meet the learning needs of students. In a differentiated classroom, teachers recognize that all students are different and require varied teaching methods to be successful (Logsdon). Therefore, an instructor varies his or her teaching in order to create the best learning experience possible for the student instead of applying a one-size fits all approach.

How do we differentiate content?

Tomlinson (2001) provides several suggestions for differentiating content. The author suggests the use of several elements and materials to support instructional content. These include acts, concepts, generalizations, attitudes and skills. Next, the author advises the alignment of tasks and objectives to…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction Research Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

Guided Reading

Differentiation defined

Students enter classrooms today with a range of abilities. Additionally, pressures from accountability standards and high-stakes testing have forced teachers to find new ways to reach all of their students. Ankrum & Bean (2008) report that exemplary instructors employ differentiated instruction to meet the needs of their students, stating "teaching was very different in the most effective classrooms from student to student and from occasion to occasion" (p. 136).

According to Anderson (2007) differentiation is not at all a new concept. Citing the example of the one-room schoolhouse, Anderson (2007) explains that differentiated instruction stems from the belief about differences among learners, how students learn, differences in learning preferences, and individual interests. By its nature, differentiation implies that the…. [read more]

Pedagogic Model: Teaching Technology in Special Education Dissertation

… " (Dougiamas, 1998) Such trivial constructivism, though, is the bedrock from which Glaserfelds more radical constructivism springs. He continues to state that because knowledge is constructed by the learner, and because no two learners are the same, knowledge itself is not absolute. There is a degree to which knowledge is an illusion, and every individual constructs their own conception of reality which (while susceptible to the demands of "real" or normal reality) does not necessarily align with the normal paradigm. Constructivism does embrace this relativistic and existential approach to reality, but it also holds as a primary value the idea of constraint which enables the thinkers to participate in social interaction and mainstream reality. (Glasersfeld)

One interesting area of constructionist theory is…. [read more]

Direct Instruction: The Effect Term Paper

… In her journal article "Effective instruction begins with purposeful assessments" Cobb (2003) points out that building administrators and reading specialists have to take a leadership role and help teachers differentiate between assessment and evaluation. Further Cobb suggests that teaching will be more meaningful when instruction is directed and when administrators and teachers collaborate to develop a curriculum that is integrated and reciprocal.

Though her article doesn't specifically support direct instruction, it does suggest that methods involving direct instruction techniques may result in more effective instruction in the classroom. Cobb (2003) also points out the importance of developing meaningful and guided instruction, and suggests that teachers must take the time to meet and discuss student work as well as share ideas and instructional methods including direct…. [read more]

Best Practices of Reading Instruction for Special Education Research Paper

… Special Education

Best Practices of Reading Instruction for Special Education

There are several things to consider when looking for special education resources in the area of reading. They include the students, their background, program, best practices in reading instruction, analysis of the material for reading and fluency oral and reading. A basic structure for how to best teach reading to these students is vital. There are many reading programs available online and at the local library. Special education teachers also have access to key information and materials, as do schools and businesses that focus in reading training (Special Education Resources for Reading, n.d.).

Reading is the pivotal skill that allows children to achieve at high levels and become reflective, lifelong learners. Becoming a fluent reader…. [read more]

Differentiated Instruction This Work Reports a Case Term Paper

… Differentiated Instruction

This work reports a case study conducted relating to differentiated instruction in a classroom with ESL or English as Second Language students.

The methodology of this study is one of a quantitative as well as a qualitative nature. This study is quantitative in terms of the study conducted by the researcher in this study and was through the adding of classroom instruction making use of Multiple Texts and Supplementary Materials. The Intervention in this study was adding to instruction of more visual aides and graphic organizers to help learn material. Labs required a pictorial representation of main concepts of lab. This study was however, also qualitative in nature since part of the report of this study is in the form of a literature…. [read more]

Meeting the Needs of the Gifted and Talented in a Mainstream Classroom Setting Data Analysis Chapter

… Meeting the Needs of the Gifted and Talented in a Mainstream Classroom Setting

Qualitative research

Does teacher instruction challenge the needs of the gifted and talented in a mainstream classroom?

Special needs instruction for low-performing students has become an increasingly important aspect of the modern national conversation on education, given the growing, evident need for additional support for students with autism, attention-deficit disorder, and ESL students. However, the presence of gifted and talented students at the other end of the differential learning spectrum is often forgotten. Because these students are not evidently being 'left behind' in the debate regarding standardized assessment and testing, their needs are often ignored. Teachers may assign some students more challenging work for 'extra credit' but the specific needs of the…. [read more]

Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete Dissertation

… ¶ … Students With Disabilities Who Did Not Complete High School

Richard Wieringo

This case study explores the experiences of students with disabilities who have dropped out of high school, so as to identify related factors that led to their decisions. Participants will include both males and females who were designated as students with disabilities at Ridgeville High School (pseudonym for a Virginia high school) and who dropped out between their third and fourth years of high school, during the 2009 to 2012 academic school years. All participants will be between the ages of 18 and 21. The proposed research design is a phenomenological study to be conducted through the use of semi-structured interviews, journaling, and observation of the sample population, with the aim of…. [read more]

Team Collaboration Research Paper

… Special Education

Team Collaboration

Present research and practice indicate that some children with disabilities learn best in inclusive classrooms. Getting together children with diverse abilities and typically achieving students often brings with it the need for general and special education teachers to collaborate. Collaboration between general and special education teachers has been shown to be an effective technique. It is thought that this approach to education can improve instruction as educators pool their talents and has become a fundamental factor in education (Tannock, 2009).

All too often, special education teachers and general education teachers work separately when developing learning plans for children. They often discover themselves developing learning plans for the same children and yet are not successful in connecting the learning plans in meaningful…. [read more]

Learning Styles and Comprehension of Secondary Special Education Students Term Paper

… ¶ … Multiple Instructional Strategies Used to Teach students to Each of Their Learning Styles Improve Their Reading Comprehension Levels Significantly More Than Students Who are Taught Using the Traditional Instructional Strategies?

It was proposed recently by Keer (2004) in the work: "Fostering Reading Comprehension in Fifth Grade by Explicit Instruction in Reading Strategies and Peer Tutoring" British Journal of Educational Psychology (2004) 74-37-70) proposes assessment and use in an approach as to teachers and learning styles differentiation in a down to earth manner while addressing the needs of teachers in their practice of incorporation through "informed decisions" as to areas/units possible for incorporation of learning styles.

A study in Belgium, "Fostering Reading Comprehension in Fifth grade by Explicit Instruction in Reading Strategies and Peer…. [read more]

Classroom Management Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux Essay

… Classroom Management

Helen Hammond, Errol Dupoux, and Lawrence Ingalls (2004) report that teachers harbor great concern over the behaviors of their students and the impact unruly conduct has on the learning environment. It is common for teachers to spend a significant amount of classroom time focusing on changing or molding students' behaviors in an effort to maximize time on-task in order to facilitate academic learning. A teachers' inventory of effective classroom management strategies is a vital part of their daily practices as a means of limiting disruptions. Usually, classroom management training for prospective teachers relies on behavioral outcomes based on generic characteristics believed to characterize traditional and non-traditional students, ignoring ethnic, cultural, or socioeconomic differences. It is commonly assumed that instrumental conditioning, such as reinforcement,…. [read more]

Education Instructional Design Term Paper

… The key for the teacher is to provide unique differentiating techniques mixed with love and patience. As long as lesson plans and teaching aids take into consideration the various facts associated with a students Psychomotor, cognitive, affective and social abilities, differentiating instruction will be the result.


In conclusion, this portfolio narrative presented insights into my combined ten years of field work experience in the teaching profession. My professional focus was on helping special needs and special education students with the same high level of educational values as was being provided for the rest of the student population. I worked in a private school and was, given unique and delightfully interesting memories and insights into the educational process. I have also had the opportunity to…. [read more]

Improving Reading Skills in Lower Level and Special Needs Students Through the Use of Technology Term Paper


In the end, the fate of children depends on our ability to use technology constructively and carefully. The connection of children and technology is not simply a matter of seat belts, safe toys, safe air, water and food, additive-free baby foods, or improved television programming.

These are all important issues, but to stop here is to forget that today's children will soon be adults.

Technological decisions made today will determine, perhaps irrevocably, the kind of physical and social world we bequeath them and the kind of people they become."

Kenneth Keniston (Columbia, 1996)

Students deemed socially or academically disadvantaged, Evanciew (2003) stresses, are not considered to have special needs. Whatever the decision in this particular…. [read more]

Cross Platform Mobile and Web Widgets Installation Thesis

… Cross Platform Mobile and Web Widgets Installation

Computer-mediated communication and decision-making applications for teams are extremely varied and ubiquitous, ranging from e-mail to shared bulletin boards for classrooms to remote conferencing. As the potential to put these applications onto the Web becomes better exploited, computer-mediated communication and coordination of teams of individuals will become even more widespread. Although the Web is normally thought of as an individual-to-mass form of communication, it actually has a great deal of potential to serve team collaboration. This is largely due to the cross-platform nature of Web design. It is also partly due to the fact that Web-based applets do not require the team members to have specialized software installed on their machines in advance (Proctor & Vu, 2005). Likewise,…. [read more]

Mental Retardation Research Proposal

… Functional Curriculum

Students with moderate to severe mental limitations caused by retardation face a multitude of challenges within their lives. As a way to help prepare them for these additional challenges, functional curriculum aims to help facilitate independent living and vocational skills alongside with traditional academic curriculum. This type of context helps prepare students to live an independent and functional life after school.

There are obvious limitations for the minds and capabilities for students with mental handicaps, much as moderate to severe mental retardation. In accordance with this fact, it is clear that the curriculum geared towards such a student body population must reflect those limitations and set reasonable goals. Thus, functional curriculum is a viable option within lesson plans directed towards the education of…. [read more]

Classroom Management Toolkit Innovation in Education Career Exploration Term Paper

… ePortfolio

Criterion 2: Innovations in Education

The pace of technological growth and innovation in the Internet Age has easily outstripped any other period in human development, leading to profound and seemingly permanent changes in the way information is created and communicated in the matter of a few short years. The impact that these innovations and the pace of change has had on the business world and on everyday interactions has been well documented and is clearly self-evident in many cases, yet the manner in which many specific new technologies as well as technology in general can and has impacted instruction and education remains less apparent and thus less practically useful. There are many ways that technologies including social networking websites, graphics displays, and a variety…. [read more]

Physical Education Teacher Burnout and PE Teacher Concerns Literature Review

… ¶ … Aaker (1991, p13) it is the general aim of all researchers not only to discover new information but as much as possible to build on what other people have already done in the field. This is particularly important as these works whether published or unpublished can serve as a cheaper source of mobilizing data. It also helps the researcher to put the issues under consideration into the right perspective. This researcher was not an exception. This part of the research examines the work of other researchers in order to broaden the frontiers of knowledge. In all instances adequate and due references are given for the purpose of future studies and subsequent verification of the facts.

Background of Research

Alliance for Excellent Education has…. [read more]

Individual Growth in This Particular Portfolio Term Paper

… ¶ … individual growth in this particular portfolio, we should first of all briefly refer to a general outline of a teaching portfolio, as this may provide important backup information and may come to show some trends and pointers for the portfolio and teaching methodologies we are referring to.

According to several sources, a reaching portfolio relies greatly on four main pillars: goals, responsibilities, evaluations and results. The first pillar basically refers to the teacher's aspirations for each course he teaches. These are not necessarily only strategic, long-term objectives, but also tactical approaches, such as learning students' names etc.

There are several issues worth noting here, as we refer to the particular portfolio we are studying. First of all, the impact and emphasis has been…. [read more]

Gaming as an Instructional Strategy in Nursing Education Term Paper

… Gaming as an Instructional Strategy to Enhance Baccalaureate Nursing Students' Learning

Nurse educators play a key role in preparing a future workforce of nurses to provide quality care that meets the health care needs of the population (the National League of Nursing [NLN], 2002). Nurse educators are responsible for facilitating student learning and evaluating outcomes. In 2003, the NLN stated that nursing curricula needed to be evidence-based, receptive to the needs of students, flexible, and incorporate current technology. To better meet the needs of today's students, an educator must become familiar with the characteristics and ways of preferred learning of today's learner. Recently, the NLN (2006) identified 72.1% of baccalaureate nursing students being comprised of the millennial or net generation. The millennial student was born…. [read more]

Incidence, Diagnoses, Characteristics and Safety Term Paper

… Diagnosis and Incidence of Mental Retardation with Autism. The incidence of mental retardation has been estimated at 3% for the general population (MacMillan et al. 1996); however, as noted above, because definitions of mental retardation with or without autism vary and the syndrome can be easily confused with similar conditions, depending on what criteria are used, slightly more or slightly fewer children will be considered mentally retarded with autism, or be diagnosed with another form of learning disability. For example, the AAMR criteria are based strictly on an IQ range for those students who are classified as having mental retardation. "By definition," MacMillan et al. note, "students with IQs in the range 55-70 who are not identified as having mental retardation cannot be mildly mentally…. [read more]

Presidential Fitness Testing National Significance Research Paper

… Once again citing the current obesity epidemic and generally poor health of America's population, states like Illinois continue to face significant obstacles in their journey to healthily prepare their students for adulthood. With ghastly increases in fast food consumption and video gaming throughout the youth population, physical fitness education remains extremely arduous in the modern environment . Additionally, the current financial situation in many central states has caused educational budgets to be cut and much financing to be lost. As this situation is compounded by the already unhealthy environment in which many Illinoisan children live, fitness education and testing has become an increasingly uphill battle for educators.

The unfortunately aforementioned circumstances in Illinois and across the country have caused there to be an extreme shortage…. [read more]

Activities to Reduce Inappropriate Behaviors Term Paper

… However, to date there is limited documented research supporting such a statement. In 2000, Holm and his colleagues conducted a seminal study that used everyday activities- (or occupation-) based interventions with two dually diagnosed students who attended school and lived in a CLA. The everyday activities-based intervention focused on enabling the students' participation in everyday AM and PM activities such as bed making, selecting clothes for school, helping prepare the food for dinner, setting the table, and selecting the games and crafts for after-dinner activities. Overall, the disruptive and challenging behaviors of the two students were significantly reduced when they participated in the everyday activities-based tasks, even though the focus of the intervention was NOT on their behavior as in the school environment, but rather…. [read more]

Mathematics Z-Model Framework in Middle School Thesis

… This unique framework has 4 domains, and while this study investigates the Z-model's use in the mathematics curriculum, this framework is focused on improving and enhancing students' achievement in any course of study.

The four domains involved in the Z-model create a comprehensive educational understanding and framework for use in improving educational progress. They are:

  1. Brain development, and efforts in the classroom which can enhance/promote brain development.

  2. How project-based learning can be utilized in order to fully engage the student in the learning community.

  3. Data-Driven instruction (the second half of the breadth - vs. - depth debate). The students must be held accountable to learn a specific knowledge base of facts, figures, and formulae. Without objective measurement of the educational progress,…. [read more]

Improve Reading Skills Case Study

… ¶ … Improving Reading Skills

Reading and ESL Students

Multiculturalism in the Curriculum


Writing Assessment

Fry Graph

Instructional Implications

Lesson Plans

Scholarly Justifications

Reading and ESL Students - the way humans communicate and share ideas and concepts in society is quite complex. How are ideas conceptualized -- how are they explained -- how does discourse relate- and how do humans understand messages -- what is true about language- what is not? These are just some of the issues surrounding theories of language acquisition and development. By the time students arrive in school, unless intervention has occurred at a lower primary age, they have not only been subjected to numerous types of language acquisition, but because of the preponderance of global media and social networking,…. [read more]

Reading Strategies Impact on ELL ESL Students Capstone Project

… ¶ … Reading Strategies' Impact on ELL Students

Today, more than 2 million students from non-English-speaking backgrounds attend public school in the United States and their numbers are expected to triple by 2020. The research to date confirms that these students require support in their native languages as well as in English to achieve academic proficiency, but far too few English language learners (ELLs) are receiving the level of educational support that is required. In this environment, identifying improved strategies for facilitating English language acquisition represents a timely and valuable enterprise. There are a number of challenges that are involved, but the mandates are clear. The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act, signed into law January 2002, placed renewed emphasis, urgency, and expectations on all…. [read more]

Professional Development Plan the Design Essay

… ¶ … Professional Development Plan

The design of professional development should be a result of a district's professional development planning process. It is best done as part of a comprehensive district plan in which the planning process includes, at a minimum, a collection of needs assessment data, i.e. student and teaching staff needs; root cause identification; proposed activities; identification of resources; and proposed evaluation of the impact of planned activities/approaches. Hence, this professional development planning process is dynamic, reflecting teaching staff and student performance benchmarks of increasing rigor as skill levels are attained. Enhanced teaching and learning is the foundation upon which individuals and districts should plan the content of all professional development.

Mindset, Learning Environment & Differentiation


Create a warm and inviting environment…. [read more]

Overarching Goal Essay

… ¶ … overarching goal of this study was to develop an improved understanding concerning assessing and developing the survey research methodology within an educational setting in general and the use of the survey research method to determine attitudes and behavioral intentions of the students in a university setting regarding their acceptance of e-learning in particular. The first part of the study presents the breadth component which is used to identify the differences between three important research paradigms which are defined, compared, and contrasted with various types of research methodologies with a particular emphasis on survey research methodology, using a selected bibliography to evaluate the methods.

Identifying Constraints to e-Learning for Rural Nigerian Students

The Breadth Component


This study is organized into three parts. The…. [read more]

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