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Disaster Response Lit Review Technological Transformation Literature Review

… Disaster Response Lit Review

Technological Transformation and their Impact on Disaster Responses

Mobile Technology Use in Disaster Response

Information and Communication Technology in Disaster Response

The Power of Social Media in disaster response and Management

Early Warning Systems and Disaster Response

Role of Early Warning Systems in Disaster Response

David Robson (2010) defines disaster management and response to disaster as the decisions and the measures that are taken to prevent and minimize the casualties in a disaster situation by early warning and restoration of order, providing immediate relief and rehabilitation after the occurrence of the disaster.

This is often the first response that takes place after a disaster strikes. However for researchers like D.A. McEntire (2007), the response to disaster need not only be after…. [read more]

Terrorist Management Differences Between Disaster Essay

… It is well established that prior to attacking another country, an aggressor nation will decrease the amount of communication with that country in both complexity and frequency (Suedfeld 2002). As a general rule, once this begins to happen, the United States goes on full alert and takes steps to ensure the safety of its boarders and citizens.

These steps were not taken, however, in an attempt to prevent 9/11 and even worse, to prevent further damage after the initial attack. According to reports released by the 9/11 commission, effective communications with known terrorist groups had ceased entirely prior to the event happening, but there was absolutely no alert sounded from the White House (Pelfrey, 2005). In fact, even when the planes were in the air…. [read more]

Identify Two 2 Separate State Emergency Operations Centers Eoc in the United States Term Paper

… Emergency

Comparative Study of Two Emergency Operations Response Centers

Identify two separate State Emergency Operations Centers (EOC) in the United States

It is interesting to compare the Emergency Operations Response Centers of two East coast states, Florida and Maryland, given that some of the potential emergencies the states might face, such as hurricanes and water-related damage, might be presumed to have a great deal of overlap. However, the different state's approaches, demographics, bureaucracies differ substantially. Florida's disaster management agencies have specifically come under increasing criticism, because of the state's lackluster response to hurricane Wilma. Maryland's proximity to Washington D.C. And the federal operations management structure offers features of comparative interest.



The mission of the Florida Division of Emergency Management overall is to help…. [read more]

Risk Assessment Terrorists and Acts Essay

… S. To track them.

Risk Assessment in Regards to the Al Qaeda Capabilities Prior To 9/11

It was impossible for the United States to accomplish any risk assessment in regards to the Al Qaeda capabilities prior to 9/11. However, there was enough information pointing towards the possible hijacking but not the suicide attacks pointed at York's World Trade Center. Scientists are still not sure of the nature of attacks on either, the Pentagon or even the World Trade Center; some believe and purportedly have scientific evidence. According to Legge, (2010), there is no scientific proof that a Boeing 757 did not hit the Pentagon.

Preventing 9/11

As mentioned above, the United States government was aware of eminent attacks. However, the government was ill prepared by…. [read more]

Haiti and Cholera Essay

… S. gallons per day which, if untreated may cause rapid dehydration and death. Three percent of those infected remain asymptomatic but can still pass the disease on to others. Cholera is sometimes known as the "blue death," since many of those infected turn bluish-gray due to loss of fluids. This dehydration is often so rapid and severe that the patient experiences extremely low blood pressure, poor skin rigor, rapid pulse, hyperthermia, and in advanced cases confusion, shock and death (Sack, D., et al., 2004).

As noted, cholera is caused by ingestion of the bacteria vibrio cholera which lives naturally in most all environments, but tends to be less active in colder climates. It takes about 100 million bacteria to cause the disease to manifest in…. [read more]

Terrorism Affects the International Tourism Research Paper

… Terrorists see these vacationers as vital targets and utilize them as a political instrument. Acting against the tourism business permits the terrorists to harm a flourishing industry and additionally gather broad communications consideration. In the event, terrorist dangers happen in a nation remote voyagers reexamine their choice to visit reason being that the danger included has altogether expanded. The danger of being a potential terrorist target evokes a quick negative customer reaction.

Government and Political Reactions to Terrorism

Governments might react to terrorism by securing regulations and rules. For instance, a choice on the most proficient method to screen air transport explorers and the gear is utilized is chosen within the United States by the laws that are passed in Congress. Responses to terrorism from…. [read more]

Government Subsidized Student Loans Thesis

… Higher education is taken to be a safeguard against unemployment with statistics indicating that unemployment among university graduates was 4.4% whereas for people who had not completed secondary school, unemployment was near 11.5%. (The Economist, 2011)

Although the phenomenon, with the state supporting education may sound ideal, and other emerging countries too might try to emulate the model in an effort to bring their economies up to par, several contrary view points have been voiced by critics that question the economic and political feasibility of the subsidized student loans.

Foremost is the startling figure of $1 trillion worth of outstanding student loans. Secondly there are arguments that this loan is for students who have already completed their studies and hence subsidizing it further will not…. [read more]

Aviation Accidents & Situational Awareness Dissertation

… High Reliability or Normal Accidents: A critical examination of situational awareness and its value in reducing human errors in aviation ground operations


The concept of situational awareness

Level 1 SA -- Perception Of The Elements In The Environment.

Level 2 SA -- Comprehension Of The Current Situation.

Level 3 SA -- Projection Of Future Status.

Situation Awareness Requirements

Theories of Situational Awareness

Three-level model

Interactive sub-systems

The perceptual cycle

Summary of the theories

Preparing for thematic synthesis


Qualitative assessment

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Briefing for Emergency Management Essay

… Ing for Emergency Management

Emergency management is a relatively novel concept, with modern applications, theories, models and threats. The practices of emergency management have nevertheless existed since biblical times, and examples include the gathering of animals on Noah's Arc and the repopulation of the world in the aftermath of the great flooding, the means in which Moses handled the exodus and guided the Hebrews and so on. The Bible even encourages people to pay attention to dangers and address them. It says: "the prudent see danger and take refuge, but the simple keep going and suffer for it." (Prov. 27:12, quoted by Andy Stanley, 2009).

Since the biblical times, the practices of emergency management have evolved significantly, as have the threats and the causes of…. [read more]

ERP and Information Security Term Paper

… Creating a new business department.

Entering new market or industry.

In other words, this ever going maintenance of the ERP systems results into resource drain.

One of the latest audit program conducted on various SAP systems identified that the SAP systems are instrumental in providing software management resources for financial management functions like (purchasing, accounts payable and receivable, general ledger) and human resource management processes which include project management and employee management - team management. However, it is claimed in a recent audit of Gartner that security risks in SAP systems are high mainly because of intervention causing vulnerability to these highly important and confidential assets of data. Following were the significant results of the audit:

Purchasing resource utility does not have proper filtering or…. [read more]

Workings of Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments Term Paper

… Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments

Forest Fire Management Systems

New Technologies

Urban Fire Department

New Technologies

Descriptive Statistics

Suppression Costs for Federal Agencies. Source: National Interagency Fire

Appendix II Figure 2. The tactical priorities of structural firefighting operations

Appendix III Figure 3. Fire Fighter Average Salaries for 2002 (Full Time)

Discussion and Study of Forest Fire Management Systems and Urban Fire Departments

Fire is a destructive force whether it takes place in a the forest or urban setting. A fire of any size causes costly damage to the environment, personal property and even human life. This paper acts as a discussion and study of fire management systems for both the forest and urban style of fire fighting. By studying fire management systems,…. [read more]

Strategic Framework in BP-Deepwater Horizon Essay

… They merely show company's awareness of these issues and basically help in getting media attention. To make sure that code is read, understood, believed and remembered, organizations need to conduct periodic ethics workshop to sensitize people to workplace circumstances' in which these issues are addressed (Gellerman, 1989).

Maintaining business operation which is ethically proven, socially responsible and environmentally friendly requires management support from the top to the bottom and making it an important part of the strategic framework of the organization ensuring that it is applied at all levels with profound leadership and management control. In this regard organizations need to develop proactive strategies rather than reactive strategies. Having proactive strategies means running business operations conscious of risk elements and being prepared for mitigating the…. [read more]

World Poor Thesis

… ¶ … aloud or in writing, making the reflective report exercise a valuable addition to the learning process. This reflective report recounts the events that took place during the research process for the study, "Identifying Marketing Opportunities to Combat Global Poverty," including a recollection of individual experiences, the personal feeling and learning that were experienced, as well as the group dynamics and learning that were derived from the experience. A review of lessons learned that can be used in future projects is followed by a summary of the reflective report entries in the conclusion.

Recollection of Experiences

Perhaps the overriding perception that emerged during the earliest phases of the research process concerned the extent of the problem of global poverty and how it affected the…. [read more]

Corporate Social Responsibility in Indian Dissertation

… Therefore, those who are provided with more assets have responsibility of sharing them with the deprived ones in the society. Hence, the owners of the assets are actually trustees in nature who are expected to serve the society, take from their assets as per their needs and use their property to the best interest of society. It is important to note that Gandhi was a supporter of neither capitalism nor socialism. However, communism was an unacceptable theoretical model for him. He believed in giving everyone equal rights of continuing their lives; therefore, use of non-violence and unjustified means was not expectable for him at all.

Due to his compliance to socialism and capitalism, he presented an idea of economy which was capable of using its…. [read more]

Overcoming the BP Crisis Research Proposal

… ¶ … BP Crisis

The recent explosion and spill involving the Deep Water Horizon well that is owned by BP in the Gulf of Mexico; has created heated debate about how the company is handling the situation. What happened was various executives claimed before the accident that the techniques used for deep water exploration, were considered to be a safe and reliable way to drill for oil. The lack of regulation and number of short cuts that were used by the company; created a situation that would contribute to the accident, which helped cause the environmental disaster. (Jonsson 2010) to make matters worse, many of the company executives appeared to be out of touch with reality, as their actions or lack actions, would increase the…. [read more]

Social Media Retailing Applications: Opportunities Dissertation

… For instance, social media sites Facebook, Twitter, YouTube, and others are wrongly regarded by marketing executives as being mere "chat rooms" for adolescent socializing and nothing more (Keifer 2010). In reality, though, business is booming on social media networks. Indeed, since 2003, the number of social media site users has nearly doubled, and the time spent visiting and navigating these sites has grown by a staggering 883%! (Kunz & Hackworth 2011). According to Kunz and Hackworth (2011, p. 2), "In 2008 alone, the amount of time spent on social networking sites increased 73%. A large percentage (85%) of social media networking users want companies to interact with them using social media applications."

Today, sixty times a minute, every hour, 24 hours a day, social media…. [read more]

Jet Blue Airways Theoretical Framework Essay

… Several passengers were left waiting in the flight while many more were left behind at the John F. Kennedy Airport for hours. Around 1200 flights were cancelled and the company suffered a major loss of $20 million. Hence, the entire operation of the company was in shambles with employees dispersed with a poor communication process. Around 11,000 pilots and flight attendants were confused with no directions or instructions. The company launched its emergency tactics immediately and tried its best to deal with the situation at hand. The damage control by the company can be assessed based upon the measures taken by Jet Blue's management.

Jet Blue Airways BCM

Crisis management

Immediately after the crisis hit Jet Blue Airways, corrective action was taken to counter the…. [read more]

Osiit an Analysis Case Study

… What is OSI's Global IT Security policy?

JL: Document

Do you provide for advanced IT and security training for your IT employees?

JL: Yes, we have extensive online and conventional training courses for our employees, including information security.

Are stakeholders (users, managers, and designers) interacting with information security?

JL: indicated that Business unit managers are responsible for enforcing IT security policy and that individual users are also responsible for the following IT policy concerning user accounts and proper use of the computer.

Is the policy part of an internal risk management protocol?

JL: As far as risk management is concerned and even though the company

As defined by the U.S. General Accounting Office, a stakeholder is "an individual or group with an interest in the…. [read more]

De Beers and Coca Cola Essay

… It is important for De Beers to focus on their footprints in the environment in the operations that they perform. The main operations of De Beer have been certified. In order to create an opportunity to make a product that is different from everyone else's, the company is also developing a brand of luxury goods and diamonds (Reilly, 2004). It also created a joint venture with successful companies in LVMH in 2001 and also opened a store in Tokyo by the name of De Beers LV. It was very frustrating for the company to open the stores in the U.S.A. which they strongly desired because the U.S. government put a ban on their business due to the alleged violations and mistrust (Business Write, 2003).

De…. [read more]

Environmental Systems Capstone Project

… ¶ … environmental systems in the past five years. Summarize the techniques used, the assumptions and limitations faced, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned.

Scope/Direction of the Research

The scope of the study extended to a review of relevant studies published within the last 5 years to provide an overview and recapitulation of the techniques that have been used in recent years to study the development of environmental systems, the assumptions and limitations that have been encountered along the way, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned from these efforts. The development of environmental systems includes various geospatial technologies, alternative energy systems, and other technological solutions that are designed to interact with…. [read more]

BP Essay

… The ironic thing is that at the same time, BP mounted an extremely successful advertising campaign as a strategic move to portray itself as an environmentally friendly corporation and a champion for causes that are environmental. This marketing strategy worked extremely well and saw the company become one of the most profitable multinational companies in the whole world. Its ranking for the way it treated its employees and a champion of corporate social responsibility (CSR) also improved. The work of Cherry and Sneirson (2011) however examined the disconnect that existed on how British Petroleum portrayed itself in the public eye and the actual manner in which it behaved whenever its corporate image was at stake. The advertizing campaign launched by BP had a very striking…. [read more]

Designing a New Regulatory Framework for Telecommunications Interception and Access in Jordan Multiple Chapters

… Telecommunications - Jordan

The impact of telecommunications interception and access on privacy rights and costs as presenting an obstacle to the implementations of telecommunications interception and access law.

Technology today has furnished the world with the gift if instantaneous communication. Unfortunately, this also means a fertile field for those who would see the world plunged into chaos by means of terrorism and other destructive criminal activities. When viewed from this perspective, it is perhaps not surprising that many Western governments have taken extreme measures to prevent the use of telecommunications for covert terrorist planning. However, an increasing number of critics have begun to question the validity of this approach, especially as it concerns human rights (Breyer 2005).

The concern with privacy occurs not only on…. [read more]

Web 2.0 With a Focus on Social Networking and a Little on Its Privacy Issues Research Paper

… Web 2.0 with a focus on social networking and a little on its privacy issues

Web 2.0

Web 2.0 with a Focus on Social Networking

The second phase of the Web development, commonly known as Web 2.0, has increased in significance and potential with the proliferation of the social networking phenomenon. The reality of Web 2.0 has also become closely linked to new architecture and applications that facilitate increased levels of interactivity and input from Internet users. This includes important aspects which take into account information sharing and creation, as well as interoperability and user-centered design.

This paper will deal not only with the technology and applications involved in the growth and development of Web 2.0 but will also investigate the social, cultural and economic…. [read more]

Career Orientation of Bank Managers in Pakistan a Private Public Sector Comparison Term Paper

… ¶ … benchmark regarding bank manager careers in Pakistan. Islamic banking is a growing feature of banking in the region, and Pakistan as a nation has expressed interest in being the banker of that region. That being so, it is instructive to note that the managers who worked under the old regime are significantly less optimistic than the newer, younger managers working in the growth industry of Islamic banking. They also seem, if not satisfied with their career paths, at least resigned to their fate and accepting that maintaining their jobs and what vestiges of ethical behaviour they could was sufficient. On the other hand, bank managers who had experience banking in nations in which banking had less tumultuous history, as well as those who…. [read more]

Cyber Crime Critical Infrastructure Essay

… The United States government has deployed the FBI cyber squads in every field office, which means each station in all the 56 field offices. The squad contains approximately close to 2,000 FBI agents with advanced knowledge on cyber issues, also among them are analysts as well as forensic examiners. The government has developed the capabilities of his workers by selectively acquiring those with technical skills and ability in terms of cyber training enhancement. More importantly, the Cyber Division has successfully managed to implement what we call Threat Focus Cells as part of the FBI's general transformation to an intelligence driven organization for the purpose of collecting together subject matter expert from a range of agencies for the reason of collaborating as well as addressing particular…. [read more]

Sputnik the Shock of the Century Research Proposal

… ¶ … Sputnik: The Shock of the Century

It was one of the most expensive and tense competitions in the history of the world. Government figures were made on the promise of its outcome, or their dedication to their sides advancements. Trillions of dollars and thousands of men and women would become involved over the course of several decades, and the definition of victory in the competition, which was murky from the outset, became harder and harder to discern until it was ultimately acknowledged to be completely elusive. This race eclipsed anything that ever occurred in the Olympics, either in ancient or in modern times. It was bigger than the Superbowl, bigger than the World Cup or the World Series -- bigger, in both the…. [read more]

British Petroleum S PR Responses During the 2010 Gulf of Mexico Oil Spill Research Paper

… Public Relations Practices at British Petroleum

Public relations practices are essential aspects success in any organization, whether profit-making or non-profit. BP Plc. occurs as one of the leading oil and gas companies globally. The company explores oil and natural gas in about 30 countries worldwide. It is estimated that BP possesses 18.1 billion oil barrels. Additionally, it processes about 4 million barrels of oil on a daily basis through its 16 refineries (Wolf & Mejri, 2012). The expanded market reach of the company depicts her magnitude and impact on the global economy. In 2010, the worst oil spill in U.S. history, the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill, brought into limelight the shortcomings of the company resulting in the oil spill catastrophe. The oil spill, caused by…. [read more]

Finance: The Business Case Essay

… e. population growth, changing demographics, and need for support services. This report provided the basis for development of a new and comprehensive approach towards planning of health services in the District. The approach for planning of Borlein District Health Services should be geared towards the realization of three major objectives. These objectives include the presentation of a report for future allocation and enhancement of health services based on application of Project Management disciplines and Business Case Framework (Smith, n.d.). These objectives provide the basis for evaluating the relative merits and deficiencies of the recommendations.

Mafia project consortium recommends providing adequate healthcare services through reallocation of Human Resource and building facilities. This process would involve downgrading or upgrading the acute health service level based on the…. [read more]

No-Fault Compensation in UK Medical Malpractice Thesis

… 2 The survey tried to quantify the frequency and/or severity of adverse effects through a population sampling experienced as a result of their medical treatment. The respondent sample consisted of 3638 men and 4568 women, or a total population of 8,206.

395, or 4.8% (4.8 in every 100) patients felt that they had suffered some illness, injury or impairment, which directly resulted from their medical treatment or care. This figure is slightly higher than the estimates derived using the methodology from the Harvard Medical Malpractice Study, which estimated that 3.7 in every 100 patients suffered "adverse effect." The report noted that the proportion responding "positively declined with increasing age and was inversely associated with social grade." Further, the report stated, "there was…. [read more]

RFP -- Saddle Creek Hoa Business Proposal

… An independently owned accounting firm shall conduct the annual financial audit of the property management services company, on behalf of the homeowners' association. The Executive Vice President of the property management firm shall meet with the auditors to review the audit report and develop an action list for following up on each item to resolution. An audit report shall be submitted directly to the Board of Directors and shall include details about any findings or recommendations along with the disposition of each item.

Overall evaluation of property management. The provision of property management services to the homeowners' association shall include an overall evaluation of the property management services as outlined in the Proposal Plan. Evaluation opportunities shall be embedded in the processes and activities of…. [read more]

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