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Biology as a Cross-Interdisciplinary Study Term Paper

… Biology as a cross-interdisciplinary study is very broad in scope. It covers the entirety of human history as well as the study of all life on the planet Earth. As a result, it covers a very wide array of academic fields that each as many of its own independent disciplines. In understanding the study of biology, one must look at the plethora of sources of information that is both available and abundant in the study of biology. Biology as a scientific discipline can be seen in both scientific and populist terms, both sources are very important in the understanding of this discipline. The following paper will focus on what and how resources within biology are actually used. We will assess their validity based upon their…. [read more]

Discipline of Biology Term Paper

… ¶ … discipline of biology is very broad in scope; it spans the entirety of the human race and can only be described as the study of life. It encompasses a broad spectrum of academic fields that most view as independent disciplines in and of themselves. In the following discussion, we will look at what resources are available for the field of biology and how credible such sources are for the discussion of biological discoveries. There are over one million papers published in the field on a wide array of biological and medicinal journals annually. The key factor with the credibility of biology research is an understanding of the motivation behind the research conducted. According to Dr. Kawasatu of the University of Tokyo, "it is…. [read more]

Transcendentalism Waking Up to Life Thesis

… He knows that being alive is something that doesn't happen deliberately, but we can choose to live our lives with deliberateness after we are already in the world. This is what he is seeking.

He wishes to live deliberately, "to front only the essential facts of life, and see if I could not learn what it had to teach, and not, when I came to die, discover that I had not lived. I did not wish to live what was not life, living is so dear; nor did I want to practice resignation until it was quite necessary" (Thoreau 85). Thoreau is saying that by getting all that doesn't matter out of the way, by going back to only the essentials -- nature -- he…. [read more]

Earth Science and Astronomy Term Paper

… Earth science and astronomy are incredibly broad, ever-expanding fields. The disciplines incorporate the varying and intersecting strains of scientific investigation aimed at better understanding the world around us. As such, we have made tremendous innovations in the field of meteorology with the interest of better predicting and understanding weather patterns around us. Biology provides us with a comprehensive knowledge of plants, animals and humans that allows us to better understand the implications of our interconnected ecosystem. Geology offers us clues as to the age, formation and composition of the earth itself. These sub-disciplines of Earth Sciences imply an interconnectedness that makes each field a powerful strand of a yet more powerful area of study. This interconnectedness, in fact, extends even beyond the boundaries of our…. [read more]

Theology the Theological Message Research Paper

… But at the end of all effort, he saw that everything he had achieved was only vanity and of no profit to him. He realized that he could not gain more, spend more, collect more, carouse more or sin more but pleasure cannot guarantee meaning in life (Krell, HBCNYC 2011).


Through his use of wisdom in the pursuit of the meaningful life and lasting happiness, Solomon found two important principles (Krell 2008). The wise man and the fool both die. The wise man and the fool are both soon forgotten. The total of all knowledge, progress and technology does not necessarily make life richer. Many people are still unhappy despite their possessions. For his part, Solomon, at first, thought that the wise man had…. [read more]

Desiccation Tolerance in Prokaryotes Organisms Term Paper

… Trehalose after desiccation appears to lower the phase transition temperature of the dry lipids and maintains them in the liquid-crystal state. Highly pigmented sheaths are present in a number of desiccation tolerant cyanobacteria. The scytonemin, yellow-brown lipid-soluble pigment is the only pigment that is distinctive and is limited to only a few cyanobacteris. It is situated in the extra cellular polysaccharide sheath with a molecular mass of 544 Da and a structure based on indolic and phenolic subunits and is an optically inactive dimeric pigment. [Role of Lipids and fatty acids in stress tolerance]

Scytonemin has been projected to serve as an ultraviolet sunscreen and has an absorption maximum at 386nm. Scytonemin remains highly constant and carries out its screening activity without…. [read more]

General Systems Theory and Modern Research Paper

… System Theory

The origin and foundation of system theory

System theory as a general frame of inquiry

System and environment

Living System Theory

Boundaries of Living System theory

General system theory

Social Entropy Theory (SET)

16A comparison of the theories

In this paper, we analyze Bertalanffy's General Systems Theory by comparing and contrasting the analysis of Bertalanffy's General Systems Theory and its influence on social networking and modern social systems. Other than comparing and contrasting the theories, we synthesize and integrate Bertalanffy's system theory with those of Bailey, Miller and Weick to gain a greater understanding of social systems and the environments in which they interact and exist and a greater appreciation of modern social systems structure.


The trend of change evidence in the…. [read more]

Different Preferences in Learning Between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting Dissertation

… ¶ … Preferences in Learning between American and French Learners in a Multinational Corporate Setting

The way training is delivered in a corporate environment has a tremendous effect on results. This study investigates the role of culture in the learning styles of adult French and American students enrolled in online training programs at an international university. Using Kolb's learning style inventory, the learning style preferences of respondents in both cultural groups will be classified as divergers, convergers, accommodators, and assimilators, reflecting their general tendencies toward learning environments as conceptualized by Kolb (1985). The assumption is that Americans prefer to learn from action-oriented methods and are more comfortable learning from activities that are not job related, such as role plays and games, than do their French…. [read more]

Risk Management and Analysis Process and Policy Before Technology Research Proposal

… ¶ … released by the FBI and the Computer Security Institute (CSI), over 70% of all attacks on sensitive data and resources reported by organizations occurred from within the organization itself. Implementing an internal security policy appears to be just as important as an external strategy. The objective of this report is to highlight the necessity of internal processes and policy alongside technology when managing and mitigating risk. The author narrates the problems of security from the unseen forces in an individual that influence thought, behavior and personality. Once organizations truly understand the psychology behind the motivations of software engineers and developers, risk analysis and risk management strategies will become more efficient. The research contained in this report establishes that there is some connection between…. [read more]

Avian Flu Avian Influenza: If H5N1 Term Paper

… Avian Flu

Avian Influenza: If H5N1 is the Virus to Fear, Is America Prepared for a Potential Outbreak?

The effects of a bird flu pandemic would dwarf even the devastation caused by Hurricane Katrina. -- Marty Evans, Chairwoman for the Red Cross, 2005

Explanation of the Problem

The introduction of innovations in telecommunications and transportation over the past century or so has made the world a much smaller place, and what happens in other countries can have an enormous impact on the United States today. The events of September 11, 2001 also made the point absolutely clear that Americans are not immune from being attacked on the home front, and many observers are becoming increasingly concerned about the potential threat represented by biological, chemical and…. [read more]

Classroom Behavior Management Policies Research Paper

… Classroom Behavior Management Policies

Title suggestions:

Bridging the Gap Between Systems Theory and Elementary Classroom Management

An Evolution: Systems Theory and Classroom Management


Systems Theory by the Three B's

Robert Freed Bales


Living systems theory

Social entropy theory

Entropy management in organizations


Ludwig von Bertalanffy

The concept of the whole

GST and integrative studies

Science and society

The importance of the individual

A Comparison of the Three B's




Theoretical similarities


Annotated Bibliography

Classroom management definition and challenges

Strategies and methods

Techniques and training

Self-efficacy and beliefs

Culturally responsive classrooms

Evidence-based strategies

Theory -- and model-based strategies

Comparison to Bertalaffny

Top recommended classroom management strategy





Sociology and the study of social systems has taken many…. [read more]

Australian Doctoral Students Educational Institutions Term Paper

… ¶ … Australian Doctoral Students

Educational institutions around the world have undertaken various benchmarking initiatives in recent years in which they compare themselves to other universities on various metrics in an effort to document their current levels of performance and to identify opportunities for continuous self-improvement. This study on the research experience of doctoral students will compare students enrolled in traditional PhD and taught/professional doctorate programs such as DBA, EdD, using the "Postgraduate research experience questionnaire"; in addition, the study uses a qualitative method for interviewing respondents to compare the interview data with the publications "Research training in doctoral programs: What can be learned from professional doctorates" and "The doctoral education experience: Diversity and complexity." An introduction to the issues involved is provided in the…. [read more]

Nature of Family Term Paper

… Nature of Family

The dynamics of the family and the multifaceted nature of it provide the opportunity for a multidisciplinary approach to it. Biology, anthropology, history, literature and psychology can all provide at least a limited view, that if put together create a more holistic vision of the family, as it has changed and evolved through time. Each discipline has strengths and weaknesses with regard to identifying family dynamic and status. In the reading material that has been covered in this coarse, Parenting for Primates by Harriet Smith, Our, babies, Ourselves, by Meredith Small, Marriage, a History: From Obedience to Intimacy, by Stephanie Coontz, Long Days Journey Into Night, by Eugene O'neil and You Can go Home Again by Monica McGoldrick, many of the disciplines…. [read more]

Environment Science Education Research Proposal

… Scope and Limitations

The scope of the research is to discover the satisfaction of students with the course materials at college level. The study will also assess whether these programs are effective as regards the students practical approach towards environment and environmental issues. Those students who have completed their one year of college education will be approached and will be requested to participate in the research. Though the researcher wants to ultimately present a strategy for interdisciplinary education yet the research has scope for engaging all the field like "life sciences, environmental sciences, and a variety of biology courses." Beyond this proposal and research I myself feel it interesting to explore parts of the curriculum that are proving barriers in the effectiveness of the college…. [read more]

Living Things Are Characterized Term Paper

… 37) Biotechnology has provided scientists with new means to understand the complexity of protein functions. Molecular cloning, an important tool in biotechnology, has vastly improved the prospects of understanding individual proteins and their functions. Microarray technology is another tool, which allows the study of a group of genes in combination. Similarly, Antisense and RNA interference (gene blocking) and gene knockouts (induced mutations) are important biotech methods that aid our understanding of the complex genetic machinery.

38) Biotechnology is a diverse field and hence the application areas are ever extending. The most prominent application is in the field of medicine. Synthesis of human insulin for example is considered a remarkable breakthrough and a blessing in disguise for diabetic patients. Similarly Genetically modified food products are saving…. [read more]

Comparison of the Social Sciences Research Paper

… ¶ … Social Sciences

Background- for centuries, philosophers have puzzled the human condition. Questions abound about why humans act the way they do, why they form groups, what role cultural and social norms have for learning, how societies form, the nature of society, social change, and the way integration and alienation fit in with modern societies. In particular, the changes in urbanization and technology, and access to other cultures, spurred even more study of what it means to be human. Together, these paradigms form a notion of human history in which theories have tried to explain different aspects of human behavior and interaction. We now call the study of society and human behavior social science; a more umbrella term that refers to a number of…. [read more]

Levinson's Stage Theory Research Paper

… ¶ … Clinical Implications of Levinson's Stage Theory

What is the underlying philosophical paradigm of the practice theory? Why do you think this is the philosophical paradigm underlying this theory? Link the major assumptions of the theory to the ontological, axiological, and methodological assumptions of the epistemological paradigm.

Identify and describe what research studies have been used to test this theory. In other words, what research studies have been conducted using this theory?

What research methods did these research studies use to test the theory. (Hint: The epistemological paradigm that guides the theory should be aligned with the methodological assumption of the epistemological paradigm.)

Discuss the scope of practice theory and its appropriateness for theory building and validation. How accurate is the theory in explaining…. [read more]

Children Being Raised by Stepparents That Are Not of the Same Race or Culture Term Paper

… Children Raised by Stepparents

Of Different Race Or Culture

This work in research investigates the inherent problems that exist in families characterized by parents and stepparents of a biracial union, or of a union that is characterized by diversity in terms of ethnicity, cultural, or religious differences or the diverse households headed by lesbian or gay parents. The conceptual framework of this research is the socio-cultural theory of Tharp and the Spheres of Influence as proposed in the work of Epstein. The literature review in this work notes that there is very little subject matter in this area and this study concludes that longitudinal research is critically needed in this subject area for the purpose of gaining an understanding of the challenges faced by these…. [read more]

Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Effects Impact of Technology in Learning of Elementary School Special ED Students Thesis

… ¶ … technology in learning of elementary school special ed. Students

Action Research Paper:

Effects and Impact of Technology in Learning of Elementary School Special Education Students

The use of technologies to assist in the teaching of special education elementary school children presents unique challenges and illustrates how the creative use of Web-based learning systems can accelerate and support the long-term retention of concepts with these specific students. It is the intent of this Action Research paper to illustrate how this is specifically can be accomplished through the use of a variety of teaching techniques. Despite the potential benefits of using technology-based training there is however there is a lack of adoption of Web-based training materials, websites, and strategies specifically focused on individualized learning plans…. [read more]

Children, Grief, and Attachment Theory Term Paper

… Children, Grief, And Attachment Theory

When a child, age 7 to 11, experiences the death of a nuclear or extended family member, the experi-ence generates subsequent grief reaction/s. During the mixed methods study, the researcher investigates ways attachment theory may positively compliment grief reaction/s and concerns challenging the grieving child that may include feelings which include, but not limited to anger, confusion, fear, and self-blame. When not addressed, these reactions may link to the child experiencing ensuing health and/or mental health problems in his/her later life. The study also relates a number of ways to help to confront bereavement issues that children experience.

Relating to Death

Addressing "Something Else"

Statement of the Problem

Purpose of Study

Significance of Study

Scope of Study

Rationale of Study…. [read more]

Structural Inequality and Diversity Term Paper



The work of Jeffrey R. Dafler (2005) entitled: "Social Darwinism and the Language of Racial Oppression: Australia's Stolen Generations" stats that "Alfred Korzybski often encapsulated the main idea of abstracting as formulated in the discipline of general semantics by stating that 'the map is not the territory, and the map does not represent all of the territory.' Dafler explains that 'territory' was defined by Samuel Bois as 'what is going on' (WIGO), the realm of external phenomena experienced by an individual." (2005) Therefore, to the individual "the map is the…. [read more]

Concept of Caring Essay

… ¶ … conception of 'caring' in nursing is that the word is associated with femininity, non-professionalism, and the idea of caring for someone at home rather than in a clinical setting. Unfortunately, too much emphasis on caring in nursing can result in a loss of respect for the profession. Nursing theorists have worked hard and long to stress the scientific and empirical side of nursing care. But nursing is not the only profession that uses the language of caring. Teachers, social workers -- even sales associates are supposed to be 'caring' in their work. Furthermore, should doctors and other healthcare professionals who are not nurses not be 'caring?' A poll of five non-nursing friends all stated that they thought of nursing, along with teaching as…. [read more]

Experimental Research Design the Research Process Research Proposal

… Experimental Research Design

The research process is stated to be of the nature that utilizes scientific techniques in the investigation of phenomenon and a research process that is focused on acquisition of new knowledge about the phenomenon. (Experiment Resources, 2009) the Experimental method is stated to require the basis of "observable, empirical and measurable evidence, to be termed scientific" and it also must "follow some principles of reasoning." (Experiment Resources, 2009)

Experimental Design Process

The experimental design process includes the following:

(1) Research question (Hypothesis)

(2) Design Experiment

(3) Data Collection

(4) Data Analysis

(5) Conclusions

Definition of Experimental Research

Experimental research is generally used in the sciences including sociology, psychology, biology, chemistry and other areas of science. Experimental research is a systematic and scientific…. [read more]

Literacy in Secondary Education Term Paper

… Literacy in Secondary Education

Adolescent literacy has started to be reconsidered by teachers and researchers. The focus on adolescent literacy may be explained in two ways:

First, both teachers and researchers in adolescent literacy have acknowledged the impact of culturally and linguistically diverse students on literacy. An example of this current trend is given by Alvermannn and her colleagues, in Reconceptualizing the Literacies in Adolescents' Lives, in which they point to a broader view of adolescent literacies that encompasses gender, race, ethnicity, and social class (Alvermannn, Hinchman, Moore, Phelps, & Waff, 1998).

Second, as we entered the 21st century, media and technology have begun to impact greatly on literacy and on the academic curriculum for Arts and Language disciplines.

Reinking (1998) stated that as "we…. [read more]

Knowledge Views on the Nature Term Paper

… The subjectivity of the social scientist can be carried even further with some of the other examples. A musicologist studies music and the history of music. Music, unlike regular historical events, can be quantified without much argument. The different notes in a musical scale can be said to correspond to specific oscillations of sound waves, numerical and physical values that can always be exactly reproduced. Whew! At least that was an easy one! But wait a minute...what was that about a musical scale? Yes, that's right, there are many different musical scales. In the Western World, we typically use a heptatonic scale that can be further broken down into major and minor chords. This however, is not the only heptatonic scale that has been or…. [read more]

Philosophy Essay

… Philosophy is a broad science and it is normally used as an umbrella term for comprehensive body of studies. It is usually used for the study of inordinate concepts such as ethics, logic and aesthetics. But it also goes beyond these to study religion, social values, political theories etc. For many decades even psychology was considered a part of philosophy but not anymore. Every science involves philosophical problems, but the above-mentioned subjects all raise, in one form or another, the problem of values and thus start metaphysical questions of central import.

Thus metaphysics is the clearing house for all fundamental philosophical problems. It is the comprehensive discipline in which all philosophical issues and theories converge. Indeed, inasmuch as the special sciences, such as physics, biology,…. [read more]

Scott 2003 Thesis

… Hall 2003

Scott (2003) offers definitions associated with three perspectives: a rational system definition (which focuses on normative structures), a natural system definition (which focuses on behavioral structure) and an open system definition (which focuses on organizations as component in large system of relation). Which of the three definitions is most helpful in understanding an organization?

In his article regarding organizational structure, Hall suggests that organizations are becoming an increasingly studied subject by a variety of disciplines, as they are extraordinarily important to a variety of cultural and sociological studies and implications. Whether they function as independent organisms, miniscule models of society, or highly formalized institutions, organizations can be classified under a variety of theoretical systems. Hall uses three definitions to discuss the differing views…. [read more]

Educational Psychology Essay

… 210)

One of the problems that Wolf cites in both the theory and praxis of applied behavioral analysis (and its close cousin cognitive behavioral therapy) that has remained an issue in the intervening decades is that because this technique is focused on the observable, there is no way for either a clinician or a researcher to make an accurate assessment of the internal state of a subject.

Behavioral researchers have reported many examples of a lack of correspondence between client-reported data and observer-obtained data. Patterson (personal communication, 1974) for example, described discrepancies between parental reports of improvements in the child's behavior, while objective data obtained by observers did not support these claims. Conrad and Wincze (1976) reported that clients undergoing orgasmic reconditioning verbally reported favorable…. [read more]

Rinpoche in the Tibetan Book Essay

… This life can and should be viewed as a means to hone the mind. The natural bardo is in the here and now, and the true nature of the mind is absolute stillness. A practice of "bringing the mind home," which Rinpoche discusses in Chapter 5, is crucial to making the most of this life and making the most of death.

Rinpoche's views on death are echoed by those of Elisabeth Kubler-Ross, author of the classic On Death and Dying. In On Death and Dying, Ross discusses the fear of death that plagues modern Westerners. Although Kubler-Ross's four stages of grieving are different from Rinpoche's Tibetan bardos, both authors offer their readers spiritual and psychological tools they can use to embrace the reality of death…. [read more]

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