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Disease Known as Gout, Including Its Symptoms Term Paper

… ¶ … disease known as "Gout," including its symptoms, diagnosis, causes and risk factors, prevention and treatment.

Symptoms: Gout is a common form of arthritis (inflammation of the joints) which is characterized by severe pain, swelling, stiffness, and redness in the affected joint.1 Tenderness of the affected area is another symptom of the disease and at times even a blanket touching the skin over the affected joint can be unbearable.2 In acute gout attacks, patients can also develop fever. Gout usually affects one or two joints of the feet or the ankle at a time; most commonly the ball joint of the big toe. The first attack of gout typically occurs suddenly and then disappears, often without treatment within a few hours, days, or weeks,…. [read more]

Osteoarthritis Victims of Intimate Violence Research Paper

… In diagnosing the disease, medical practitioners apply methods such as physical examination, x-ray, lab tests, and medical history. Following the diagnosis process, it is essential to adopt and implement effective methods for the management of the disease. This relates to incorporation of drug therapy, surgical measures, and physical mechanisms in the minimization of the conditions of the disease. These methods are essential in the minimization of pain and stiffness of the joints thus enhancing the mobility of the affected individuals.


Hunter DJ, Lo GH. (2009). The management of osteoarthritis: an overview and call to appropriate conservative treatment. Med Clin North Am.;93:127-43, xi.

Richmond J, Hunter D, Irrgang J, et al. (2009). Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee

(nonarthroplasty). J Am Acad Orthop Surg.;17:591-600.

Walker,…. [read more]

Polycythemia Vera and Lou Gehrig Essay

… "

Symptoms and Causes

The earliest and perhaps most common symptoms of ALS include chewing and/or swallowing difficulties, slurred speech, general weakness of the muscles -- particularly arm and leg muscles, stiffness of muscles, occasional cramps, etc. (National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke -- NINDS, 2013). As NINDS further points out, in later stages of the disease, individuals affected could in addition to experiencing difficulties in breathing also have an increased risk of pneumonia.

The exact cause of ALS according to the ALS Association (2010) is yet to be fully understood. There is however ongoing scientific research with bodies like NINDS conducting further biomedical studies on ALS.


In addition to triggering or bringing about breathing problems, ALS has also been associated with dementia.…. [read more]

Osteoarthritis (Oa) According to Medical Doctors Siddiqui Thesis

… Osteoarthritis (OA)

According to medical doctors Siddiqui and Laborde (Osteoarthritis), OA is the most common form of progressive joint disease worldwide, affecting 16 million (6%) American adults. They state that age is the strongest determinant of OA and that the prevalence of OA at all joint sites progressively increases with age. Estimates these doctors provide based on the radiographic evidence of knee OA are as follows: 25-30% of persons aged 45-64 years, 60% of persons older than 65 years, and more than 80% of persons older than 75 years. Siddiqui and Laborde explain that the main cause of OA is daily stress applied to the joints, particularly weight-bearing joints such as the ankle, knee and hip. However, heredity is also a factor and researchers have…. [read more]

Lead Poisoning Term Paper

… Lead Poisoning

The History and Impact of Lead Poisoning on Children and Adults

First get the child out of the lead, then get the lead out of the child. -- John W. Graef, M.D., Chief Emeritus, Lead and Toxicity Program, Children's Hospital, Boston, 1997

Department of Health and Human Services Centers for Disease Control reports that lead poisoning represents one of the most common and preventable pediatric health problems in the United States today. While the problem has existed for hundreds of years, researchers are just beginning to understand the actual implications of lead poisoning on the health and well-being of children and adults. In this regard, this paper provides a review of the scholarly and peer-reviewed literature to identify the history of lead poisoning…. [read more]

Rheumatic Fever the Etiology Term Paper

… 27). In some cases, children have experienced neither fever nor rheumatism, making diagnosis even more difficult; in addition, there was no specific lab test for the disease at the time of this author's report (1987) (Zamula, 1987). In response, clinicians rely on the diagnostic criteria developed by Harvard's Dr. T. Duckett Jones during the 1940s (and later revised by the American Heart Association) to differentiate between rheumatic fever and childhood rheumatoid arthritis, gout, acute appendicitis, sickle-cell anemia, and other diseases with similar symptoms (Zamula, 1987). This author reports that for diagnostic purposes, patients are more likely to have rheumatic fever when two major symptoms, or one major and two minor, are present; the major symptoms are: 1) a painful form of arthritis (known as migrating…. [read more]

CBR Hazards Thesis

… ¶ … hazards present in this situation. The first is the rocket-propelled grenades and IEDs themselves. The warheads on the rockets can be extremely powerful. High explosive warheads detonate on impact and produce a relatively high degree of fragmentation. Both the initial impact and the impact of the fragments can do a significant amount of damage to a person as well as to any chemical containers. If the rockets are armed with high-explosive anti-tank rounds, the rounds will have enough force to break through an armored vehicle.

IEDs too can do a significant amount of damage to people as well as any chemical containers. (The number of casualties in Iraq and Afghanistan due to IED attacks is a testament to how lethal IEDs can be.…. [read more]

Quality of Life Among Tawau Research Paper

… In a study that was conducted under the PraxArt project, it was found that OA has a negative effect on the quality of life of patients. The study also reveals that when a patient-centered intervention that allows for longer follow-up is not applied, the quality of life of patients which is measured by their satisfaction, presence of comorbidities and levels of stress and depression deteriorates Rosemann et al., 2005: 77



Jinks et al. (2007: 59)

also provide amodel for examining the quality of life of patients suffering from knee pain that may be associated with OA. Their study used a multi-method approach over a 12-month period and found that knee OA results to difficulties in conducting normal activities such…. [read more]

Cholesterol & Hypercholesterolemia Treatment Thesis

… Those with abnormal levels (total cholesterol more than 200 mg/dL or HDL less than 40 mg/dL), will go on to have a test called fasting lipid profile (in which the person being tested refrains from eating for 8 to 12 hours, usually overnight, prior to the test) (Anderson et al., 2001). The fasting test will indicate whether or not total cholesterol levels fall within the normal range (between 140 and 200 mg/dL), are moderately high (between 200 and 240 mg/dL), or if they are in the very high range (240 mg/dL or greater) (Anderson et al., 2001). This blood test also reveals the levels of LDL, HDL, and triglycerides; according to guidelines released by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP), the optimal level for LDL…. [read more]

Nursing Diagnosis Care Plan Assessment Essay

… It is key that patients write down their dose and test results for their records (Fritsma, 2002). In addition, nurses should be cognizant that warfarin is affected by many other medicines. This includes prescription and non-prescription medicines, vitamins and herbal supplements. They can change INR and therefore affect the dose of warfarin needed. A few examples are prescription medicines, pharmacy medicines (Over-The-Counter, OTC), vitamins, minerals, herbal medications and dietary supplements. The effects of other medicines are not always the same and are hard to predict. Some medicines should be avoided. For others patients may need extra blood tests when starting a new medicine or stopping an old medicine (Holbrook, et al., 2005)

2. Nursing Care Plan

a) The patient's diagnosis is excessive Coumadin dose for…. [read more]

Managing Arthritis With Nutrition Term Paper

… Managing Arthritis With Nutrition

Nutrition and arthritis

In order to address the question of whether the management of arthritis can be facilitated by nutrition instead of a reliance on conventional medication, the term arthritis and its concomitant conditions must first be explored. In general arthritis is a condition that is caused by the "...breakdown of articular cartilage. "(Payne, Mowen, and Montoro-Rodriguez) There are three main types of arthritis that are commonly referred to: these are gout arthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and osteoarthritis.

Gout is the one category of this disease that has been found to be most susceptible to nutrient supplement and other forms of management that do not rely on medical prescriptions. This form of arthritis is mainly caused by a "...deposit of urate crystals…. [read more]

Advanced Practice Nursing: Analysis and Care Plan Creation Term Paper

… ICD-9 Classification Diagnoses

The International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) classifications for the patient in this case study include the following stated classifications:

274.9 Gout Unspecified

401.9 Unspecified Essential Hypertension

272.0 Pure Hypercholesterolemia

IV. Summary and Conclusion

The patient in this case study has a problem with hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, gout, and is H. pylori positive. The care plan set out in this study includes medications to be taken by the patient as well as a dietary regimen to be followed including foods that are assistive with these conditions and foods to be avoided due to these conditions. In addition, the patient is to undergo a triple therapy for H. pylori. The patient will be instructed on monitoring their blood pressure, avoiding fast…. [read more]

Advantages and Disadvantages of Medical Marijuana Use Term Paper

… Medicinal Marijuana

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Medicinal Marijuana

The purpose of this paper is an evaluation of the advantages of medicinal consumption of marijuana compared with the disadvantages of consumption. There is a tremendous body of evidence in recent years supporting the use of cannabis for medicinal purposes, particularly with regard to chronic pain treatment and treatment of certain central nervous system disorders such as multiple sclerosis.

Likewise however an equal number of researchers have continually pointed out the potential negative effects of marijuana use, whether for recreational, religious or medicinal purposes. It is unclear at this point in time whether the advantages of medicinal cannabis outweigh the disadvantages; one thing is clear: use of marijuana whether for medicinal purposes or otherwise is a…. [read more]

Hypertension Is Basically High Blood Pressure Term Paper

… Hypertension is basically high blood pressure. It is a common disorder that many people are not aware they have because it often exists without symptoms. There is no single known cause for essential hypertension, the most frequent kind, however increased risk factors include overweight, a high sodium level in the blood, a high cholesterol level, and a family history of high blood pressure (Hypertension). According to The Mosby Medical Encyclopedia, known causes of hypertension include "adrenal problems, over-active thyroid gland, certain pregnancies and kidney disorders" (Hypertension). Men are more likely than women to have hypertension, and African-Americans are twice as likely as Caucasians.

Mild or moderate hypertension may produce no symptoms or individuals may experience headaches, ringing in the ears, lightheadedness, fatigue, and rapid heartbeat…. [read more]

Hypertension "In the United States 71 Thesis

… Hypertension

"in the United States

71% of adults with hypertension don't have their blood pressure under control"

(Medications for…, 2007 Fast fact section).


Ethnicity and Age

"My mother died from a stroke 18 months ago. She was 64," Juan Valdez, a 47-year-old Puerto Rican native, who has lived in the South Bronx of New York City, for the past 22 years, told the attending physician, Dr., Peters. This day, he said, he was feeling dizzy and experiencing a headache that would not go away. Juan and his family had moved to the United States from Isabela, Puerto Rico 20 years earlier. Isabela, "known as 'El Jardin del Noroeste' (garden of the northwest) and 'El Pueblo de los Quesitos de Hoja'" (Isabela, 2009, p.…. [read more]

Circumcision: Ethical, Religious, Medical and Legal Perspective Term Paper


Circumcision is one of the most common operations performed in the United States. A practice that gained popularity mainly in 1960s-1970s is still quite common considering that six out of every ten male children are circumcised in the country even today.While there has been a wealth of research on the subject, now more leaning towards discrediting of many of its benefits, still law doesn't prohibit the practice. In fact law has actually worked in favor of circumcision over the years and does provide protection to male circumcision.

Circumcision has basically been a religious ritual which gained immense support when medical journals and studies around the country came up with reliable information regarding health benefits of circumcision. For most…. [read more]

Osteoarthritis Among Middle Age Females Research Proposal

… Osteoarthritis Among Middle Age Females


Osteoarthritis among middle aged females

The issue of osteoarthritis is one that presents many challenges to the nurse and to the healthcare professionals at all levels. The general demographic of this condition is largely female and tends to occur particularly in women over the age of forty. The literature on this topic also emphasizes the complexity of treating osteoarthritis. This is due to the wide range of external factors that are necessary for a full comprehension of this condition.

This paper will firstly provide a brief overview of the subject with the intention of focusing on factors that impact the treatment of middle-aged female patients. Aspects that will be dealt with include demographics and pervasiveness as well as extraneous…. [read more]

Natural Health Care Term Paper

… Health

Natural Health Care

Homeopathy, also known as homeopathic medicine, is a complete medical arrangement that was developed in Germany more than two hundred years ago. It has been practiced in the United States since the early 19th century. Homeopathy is utilized for wellness and avoidance and to care for a lot of illnesses and circumstances (Homeopathy: An Introduction, 2011). Homeopathic remedies also called homeopathics are an organization of medicine founded on three philosophies:

Like cures like -for instance, if the indications of a cold are like poisoning by mercury, then mercury would be the homeopathic remedy.

Minimal Dose - the remedy is taken in an exceptionally dilute appearance; usually one part of the remedy to around 1,000,000,000,000 parts of water.

The Single Remedy -no…. [read more]

Legalization of Medical Marijuana Term Paper

… Medical Marijuana

Legalization of Medical Marijuana

The legalization of medical marijuana has been an issue of passionate debate during recent years. Opponents fear that legalizing marijuana for medical purposes will open the door for legalization across the board, and cite that synthetic versions of the drug work as well or better. Proponents hail it as a wonder drug for a number of medical complaints, and claim that synthetic marijuana does not offer the same relief as the pure form. Based on available research, there appears no true logical reason for allowing medical marijuana to remain an illegal drug.

Archeologists in Taiwan uncovered clay pots from 8000 B.C. that were decorated with strands of hemp (Earleywine 4). Societies have been smoking, eating, making clothes, and trading…. [read more]

Quality of Life and the Patient With Renal Failure Research Proposal

… Quality of Life and the Patient With Renal Failure

Quality of life

The patient in this case study is known as Mrs. E.S. She was admitted to the Renal Medicine Unit on the September 25, 2009, after a diagnosis of renal failure. The patient was born on the 31st of July 1922. Her weight at the time of admission was 77.270kg. Her height is 162.6cm. Her prior medical history includes breast cancer thirty years ago, which resulted in a hysterectomy of the left breast. Other relevant medical aspects include stents to the heart (2005), hypertension, gout, and arthritis of hands and legs, a cataract removed in both eyes and TIA. Currently, she is undergoing hemodialysis three times a week. Allergies include Penicillin and CT dye,…. [read more]

Psychedelic Therapy Term Paper

… Psychedelic Therapy

Psychedelic or hallucinogenic drugs are drugs, which lead users to form hallucinations or imagine that they hear or see things (Kurztweil 1995). They are known for their abusive use. Examples of these are LSD and ibogaine, mescaline, MDMA, DMT, PCP, psilocybin, psilocin and ET or "Trip." Some of them grow naturally as roots of a rain forest shrub, while some, like the MDMA, are illegally prepared in the laboratory. These drugs have separate and distinct properties but share a common ability to alter perceptions or produce hallucinatory experience (Kurtzeil).

A sampling of 139 respondents was surveyed on the frequency of their use of 10 psychoactive drugs (Luke 2005). These were cannabis, relaxants, ecstasy and other emphatogens, dissociatives, and other types. Findings of this…. [read more]

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