Viewing papers 1-30 of 52 for dissociative AND identity AND disorder

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Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Term Paper

… Dissociative identity disorder (DID), or as it has previously been known and is still referred to in popular culture, multiple personality disorder (MPD), may be one of the most misunderstood and controversial of all psychiatric diagnoses. DID is characterized by the presence of two or more personality states or identities in a single person (Gentile et al., 2013). These personalities take alternate control of the individual, which can cause the person's behavior to appear erratic and disconnected, given that each identity perceives, related, and thinks about the environment in different ways. DID is also associated with some degree of amnesia between identities, so that a person with DID may be unable to recall engaging in particular behavior and may experience losses of chunks of time,…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder Term Paper

… There are four subscales, identity confusion, loss of control, amnesia, absorption, each with a cut-off score of 2.5, which is the same cut-off for the total score (Sansone 2003). The DIS-Q appears to be a consistent and valid measure of dissociation and high scores are associated with traumatic experiences in childhood (Sansone 2003).

According to one study published in 1998, "dissociative tendencies evidently are related to various features of the aggression domain, namely, a motor component (physical aggression), an affective component (anger), and an attitudinal component (hostility)" (Irwin 1998). Nevertheless, the regression analysis identified hostility as the key feature of the trait of aggression that predicts dissociation (Irwin 1998). "This finding provides a degree of support for the utility of attitudes as intervening variables in…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder (Did) Research Paper

… However, the diagnosis is much more common in women than men and the ratio of women to men with DID is somewhere from 5:1 to 9:1 (APA, 2000). The cause of DID is unknown; although inevitability people suffering from this disorder have experience some form of traumatic event, most often childhood abuse (APA, 2000). Ross (1996) discusses four types of causal factors associated with DID: 1) a traumatic life event, 2) a vulnerability for the disorder to develop in the person (e.g., susceptibility to being hypnotized), environmental factors such as poor coping skills or role models and, 4) a lack of or absence of external support.

On examination patients with DID will not appear to be unusual except for some instances of forgetfulness. Often a…. [read more]


Dissociative Disorders Term Paper

… Dissociative Disorders

In psychopathology, we deal with the study of various mental illness or mental distress. That illness can be "the manifestation of behaviours and experiences which may be indicative of mental illness of psychological impairment" (Wikipedia: 2008). In this field of study, medical professionals such as psychiatrists, neuroscientists, neuropsychiatrists, and clinical psychologists are commonly involved in the treatment of mental-related illness.

Even in the early times, mental illness is often referred to as being possessed by evil spirits. This is because of the unnatural, somewhat strange and weird behavior shown by the person inflected with the disease. The only way to help the persons suffering from mental illness during those days was to torture them in an attempt to drive out the demon. Other…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder Term Paper

… Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociative disorders are uncommon, affecting an estimated 1% to 2% of the population. This kind of disorder affects females more often than males and most often begin whenever the abuse or traumatic event occurred (http://www.clevelandclinic.org/health/health-info/docs/2800/2819.asp?index=9786&src=news,2002). Many have tried to give a full and much detailed definition on Dissociative Identity Disorder (DID), because there have been an increasing number of reported cases of this 'illness'.

In psychiatry, according to standard American textbooks in clinical psychology, Dissociative Identity Disorder is a psychological condition characterized by the use of dissociation as a primary defense mechanism. A chronic reliance on dissociation as a means of defending against stressors in the environment causes the individual to experience their psyche/identity as disconnected or split into distinct parts (Grohol,…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder Term Paper

… Dissociative Identity Disorder

Dissociation is a disruption in the usually integrated functions of consciousness, memory, identity or perception of the environment (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 1994 as qtd in Frey 1999). Dissociative disorders interfere with a person's general functioning, including social relationships and work. Through the mechanism of dissociation, the mind separates or compartmentalizes certain unpleasant or painful memories or thoughts from normal consciousness. These memories or thoughts are, however, not erased but can spontaneously resurface or be experienced again by objects or events in the environment that link to the memories. Dissociation depends on severity. Mind dissociation often occurs in most people because of some physical stressors, such as lack of sleep for some time, minor accidents, or getting over-engrossed in…. [read more]


Pharmacological Treatment Multiple Personality Essay

… Group therapy helps them to validate their feelings. As a consequence, there is an increase and improvement in their interpersonal and communal competency. Group therapy is especially helpful for patients who were being sexually abused so that they may heal themselves through learning and cognitive training. Cognitive restructuring helps patients to lessen their propensity to dissociation. Moreover, Psychodynamic psychotherapy is another treatment approach that is used for gaining insight into the gist of the symptoms associated with dissociation. It is useful for helping patients to feel less conscientious and guilty for the suffering (Kreidler, Zupancic, Bell, & Longo, 2000).

People with dissociative disorders are traumatized by the past incidents. This is the reason why they come to therapy hurt and terrified. They are sure of…. [read more]


Diagnostic Statistical Manual Disorders Essay

… Substance induced mood disorders are also very common, showing the biological nature of many mood disorders. Substance abuse can cause limited serotonin and other pleasure producers in the brain, which then often lead the individual into states of depression because of the decreased feelings they are experiencing. Most often, substance abuse is tied to Major Depression. The emotional state of the individual suffering from a mood disorder is often severely impacted, especially in cases of depression. One can become so depressed that suicide is an increased risk, showing the depth of the emotional despair the individual is currently incased within.

Dissociative Disorders

Dissociative disorders often occur in situations where the individual's cognitive functioning is fragmented, causing a disruption in awareness, perception, and self understanding. The…. [read more]


DSM IV Disorders DSM IV-TR Essay

… Pam was married to a man of his choice but their relationship lack strong emotional ties. Her husband remained busy with his work and Pam had to look after household and children. Pam is concerned with the fact that her family has to move to a new area every now and then due to her husband's work. She faces difficulties in socializing and making friends; therefore, she is reluctant in following the pattern of continuously moving, as she is contented with her current lifestyle.

Pam's case can be discussed through various components. The biological components that are associated with Pam's hip pain complaints may be linked to her family history, as her mother suffers from several gynecological problems that could have contributed to the development…. [read more]


Dissociative Disorders Essay

… Dissociative disorders represent a collection of various disorders that have an element of psychological disruption of some kind in common which are characterized by a disconnection or break from reality. These disorders can include disruptions in awareness, memory, identity, or perceptions among others. Most of these disorders develop out of some kind of acute psychological trauma. The total population of people with dissociative disorders is estimated at 2%, with women being more likely than men to be diagnosed and almost half of adults in the United States experience at least one depersonalization/derealization episode in their lives, with only 2% meeting the full criteria for chronic episodes (National Alliance on Mental Illness, N.d.). This will provide a brief introduction to three of the specific disorders included…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder Essay

… In contrast to Sybil, Chris Sizemore, or "Eve," represents a validated case of DID. The disturbing events that triggered the first dissociative episode are known to the patient and diagnosis depended first on the presence of amnesia (Sizemore and Huber). One to four personalities existed at a time and often developed in response to an environmental trigger. Sizemore experienced most of these personalities as completely distinct, as did everyone around her. The longest a personality existed was 12 years, and the shortest 6 weeks.

Works Cited

Lynn, Steven J. And Deming, Amanda. "Review: The "Sybil Tapes": Exposing the Myth of Dissociative Disorder." Theory Psychology 20.2 (2010): 289-292.

Rieber, Robert W., Takooshian, Harold, and Iglesias, Humberto. "The Case of Sybil in the Teaching of Psychology." Journal…. [read more]


Conversion Disorders for Whom Research Paper

… Conversion disorders for whom are they most common? (i.e. gender, age): More common in females (2-10: 1 female: male ratio), less educated, lower SES, racial factors appear unimportant. 2. Malingering: Intentionally presenting with symptoms of an illness or disorder when in fact there is no normal so disorder present. This presentation is done for primary or secondary gain.

Munchausen syndrome by proxy. A form of abuse where a person induces physical symptoms or an illness of another person (usually a child) in order to receive attention.

Dysmorphobia. Also note his body dysmorphic disorder, a disorder where the person continually finds fault with their physical appearance and often has unnecessary surgeries to correct it.

Dissociative amnesia. Psychogenic amnesia, typically retrograde amnesia or global amnesia that occurs…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

Definitions and historical foundations

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM

Etiology

DBT

Genetics

Environmental Conditions

Neurological issues

Diagnoses and related issues

Comorbidity

Psychopharmacological approaches

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Empirical support

Theoretical aspects of DBT

The dialectical model

Etiology

Praxis

This study is intended to present a clear overview of the characteristics, history, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Borderline personality Disorder. This disorder has been the subject of much contention and debate over the years and has not only been difficult to define but also to diagnose due to its theoretical and practical proximity to other disorders. The advent of Lineham's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy however has provided a more structured and theoretically integrated approach and means of dealing with and treating Borderline…. [read more]


Psychological Disorders Essay

… Psycho Disorder

Psychological Disorders Represented in Cinema: Norman Bates in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho

Psycho is without a doubt one of Alfred Hitchcock's most well-known and well-loved (for lack of a better term) films. It tells the story of Norman Bates, the proprietor of the Bates Motel, and of the unfortunate female guests -- one in particular -- that have the ill-luck to stop there for the night. The movie's greatness largely stems from the level of suspense and mystery inherent to the film, and for which Hitchcock was famous. The audience is left in the dark throughout much of the film, led down the path of false explanations for the nefarious deeds being performed and only coming to realize the depth of Norman's problems and…. [read more]


Clinical Disorder Clinical Psychology and Categorical Mental Thesis

… Clinical Disorder

Clinical Psychology and Categorical Mental Disorders

Clinical psychology is a field constructed on the intent to treat disorders and dysfunctions and to promote mental health and stability in its subject. Therefore, it is centered on the processes of diagnosis and therapy, with the various disorders to which individuals are subject falling under a set of classifications discussed in greater detail in the following account.

Before proceeding to this examination, the account provides a brief background on the philosophical and academic development of clinical psychology which should improve the insight here provided on its impetus and primary objectives. Clinical Psychology, apart from its counterparts in the scientific and cultural communities, draws its roots to a history which, while not created in a vacuum, is…. [read more]


Treatment of Co-Occurring Disorders Term Paper

… Treatment of Co-Occurring Disorders

The simultaneous presence of both mental illness and a substance abuse disorder in a single individual, known as "co-occurring disorders" (CODs), has become the focus of attention for many behavioral health researchers, clinicians, and policymakers in recent years due to emerging evidence of the serious and challenging nature of these disorders. Within the population of individuals with serious mental illness, for example, substance use has been shown to adversely affect the course and outcome of mental health treatment ("Co-occurring disorders," n.d.).

The federal

Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) recently estimated that 7.2 million Americans between the ages of 18 and 54 have CODs. Persons at risk for developing a COD include individuals with a serious and debilitating mental…. [read more]


Biochemistry in Dissociative Identity Disorder Term Paper

… 6). The insula has a significant role to play in the perception of pain, in the interpretation of negative emotions, and in the modulation of attention (Dale p.653). Depressed insula activity reduces emotional perception, which is one of the symptoms of the dissociative identity disorder.

In some studies, scientists found that subjects with dissociative identity disorder had increased metabolic activity in several occipital and parietal areas and reduced metabolism in certain areas of their temporal gyrus as compared to healthy subjects (Leonard and John p.39). Reduced metabolism in the temporal gyrus areas affected is often linked to altered memory and consciousness. This study provides a logical explanation as to how the dissociative disorder may be brought about.

Disorders for Amino Acids Metabolism
…. [read more]


Dissecting the Butterfly Effect Research Paper

… Repressions are not unusual at ages 7 and 13, as in the case of Evan. Age 7 is the formative stage when a child learns what is right from wrong. He recognizes his value when he is accepted and praised. But he also perceives worthlessness when rejected or severely hurt. It was at this age when he was coerced into child pornography. At age 13, a person begins to construct his own identity through the difficult stage called identity crisis. He becomes very sensitive. He rebels from parental authority. If the rejection of his childhood persists or is inadequately resolved, it tends to get carried over to this stage, which is just as sensitive. Evan experiences more traumatic events during this stage, such as his…. [read more]


Dissociative Identity Disorder Formerly Known as Multiple Personality Term Paper

… Multiple Personality Disorder the first published example of multiple personality was... "A Double Consciousness, or a Duality of Person in the Same Individual." Mary Reynolds was born in England in 1793, and was brought to Pennsylvania by her family when she was four years old. The girl was intelligent. She grew up in a strongly religious atmosphere and became melancholy, shy, and given to solitary religious devotions and meditations. She was considered normal until she was about eighteen. Then she began to have occasional "fits," which were evidently hysterical. One of these attacks, when she was about nineteen years old, left her blind and deaf for five or six weeks. Some three months later, she slept eighteen or twenty hours, and awoke seeming to know…. [read more]


Anxiety Mood Affective Dissociative Somatoform Thesis

… Abnormal Psychology -- Anxiety, Affective, Dissociative

At some point or another, a person will likely experience severe sadness or depression, anxiety, or even a touch of insanity. But think of what it would feel like to have to live with a disorder- be it an anxiety disorder, a mood disorder or a somatic or dissociative disorder? Imagine how disruptive such a disorder would have on simple, everyday activities that many take for granted, such as going to work or how difficult it would be like in seemingly simple social interactions. This paper shall describe three major kinds of disorders, namely, anxiety disorders, mood disorders, and somatoform and dissociative disorders.

Anxiety Disorders

Anxiety is the fear or apprehension over a future anticipated problem (Kring, et.al., 2007,…. [read more]


Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders Term Paper

… Like PTSD, combat soldiers are vulnerable to dissociative disorders.

One controversial area related to this is that of "repressed memories." Some believe that these recovered memories are accurate, but in some cases the children have been given signals of what the listener wants to hear, or asked leading questions. While the problem of sexual abuse in childhood is a very real one, the issue of retrieving repressed memories is a controversial one.

Dissociative identity disorder is another name for multiple personality disorder. This is a disorder lots of people have some familiarity with because of the movies Sybil and Three Faces of Eve. Like the other dissociative disorders, this one serves a protective function, and new personalities typically form after an instance of child abuse.…. [read more]


Jane Appears to Be Suffering Term Paper

… Tom was therefore experiencing a cyclic pattern of manic episodes.

If the manic episodes were being caused by the antidepressant medications he was taking then the diagnosis would be substance-induced mood disorder (APA, 2000). If not, then the alternating cycle between manic and depressive episodes indicates Tom is suffering from bipolar disorder, with rapid cycling.

If Tom can be tracked down and encouraged to seek treatment, the first step would be to stop antidepressant treatment under the care of a psychiatrist to see of the manic episodes are being caused by the prescribed medication(s). Treatment for bipolar disorder can entail a number of approaches, depending on symptom severity and how much of a danger Tom is to himself or others (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education…. [read more]


Grief Schiz Precautions and Procedures Essay

… As depression itself has become better understood, so have its effects -- such as the potential for suicidal thoughts and actions -- and its mechanisms, and thus more effective ways of handling depression at all ages and for a variety of causes have also been developed (Beck & Alford, 2009; Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007). As many schizophrenics are diagnosed in adolescence, a focus on research in handling depression and suicidal tendencies in the adolescent age group was employed, along with specific information regarding depression in schizophrenics (Beck & Alford, 2009; Bhatia & Bhatia, 2007; Wittman & Keshava, 2007). In this way, a comprehensive safety plan was established.

First and foremost, cognitive behavioral therapy is recommended for the treatment of depression in children and adolescents prior…. [read more]


Cognitive and Behavioral Therapy Term Paper

… This argument should be upheld with resolved consciousness that some culturally held beliefs and assumptions have an inherent persuasion towards one own judgment (Leichsenring & Leibing, 2007). It is imperative for the therapist to appreciate that communications with the patients will require them to remain impartial and sensitive to patient's cultural background.

Therapist Own identity Understanding

Therapist must have an understanding of measures to gauge the level their culture influences their judgment has on the interaction with their patients. This awareness call for a therapist wholesome appreciation own gender, ethical, racial and class identity since they have influence on ones judgments. Awareness of the influences of their identities helps therapist to observe the patient in light of their respective background and not just on the…. [read more]


Ethics of Mental Health Care: Anorexia Term Paper

… The health care provider takes the responsibility of eliciting preceding cognitions then challenges them in an intellectual manner without taking a forceful position. This proves helpful as it enhances behavior change through the provision of practical ideas and experiences to the patient (Isserlin, Leanna, and Jennifer 29).

Embracing psychodynamic approaches help the health care providers address the needs of an anorexic patient efficiently. The approach examines factors, which might have contributed to the condition. The strategy teases the patients the adaptive roles of the anorexia to develop alternative strategies and paradigms to facilitate recovery from the condition. After the success of these strategies, research has shown that helping the patient to overcome the effects of obsessive-compulsive personality associated with the condition is highly recommended. The…. [read more]


Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Research Paper

… Anorexia nervosa (an) is blamed on many factors, including media images of ultra-thin models and actresses, family conflicts, and genetics. The first case was recorded in 1689, suggesting that genetics and family issues are involved (DeAngelis, 2002). Symptoms can include distorted body image, very low body weight, obsession with losing weight, fear of food and gaining weight, excessive exercise, purging, and amenorrhea (Hatch & al, 2010). Of course anorexia is just one form of eating disorder; experts from the National Association of Eating Disorders claim that as many as 10 million Americans are suffering from some form of eating disorder "at any given time" (Novotney, 2009), and today it is estimated that up to 13% of patients are male. Anorexia often gets worse with time…. [read more]


Violent Effects of Disassociation Essay

… FALUDI

Violent Effects of Disassociation

In Martha Stout's essay "When I Woke Up Tuesday Morning it Was Friday," the author details the phenomenon known as disassociation. Disassociation is a way in which the human brain reacts to certain traumatic events by "removing" itself from them in a figurative sense. Therefore, people who disassociate are able to get through disaster and terrible occurrences by mentally or psychically distancing themselves from the event. The problem is, disassociation definitely causes havoc with one's memory, since people who disassociate frequently at some point of their lives are likely to lose the ability to remain mentally aware in other aspects of their lives -- largely because they are so used to the dissociative process and engaging in it. Susan Faludi's…. [read more]


Criminal Justice/Forensics Undercover Thesis

… Criminal Justice/Forensics

Undercover" is a term that has made its way into the public vernacular, thanks in large part to movies and television programs. Undercover, at its fundamental level, means pretending to be someone else- the construction and portrayal of a false identity for an ulterior purpose. In the case of undercover police investigations, this ulterior purpose is to enforce the law. This is done by using a false identity to infiltrate a criminal group in order to gather evidence and build a case. This can be a long-term project- some cases have had an undercover operative on assignments that lasted for years. The purpose of this research paper is to show that undercover police officers are more likely to commit criminal acts than police…. [read more]


Schizophrenia Is a Family Research Paper

… Such elements include strengths and vulnerabilities for dealing with stress. The term "vulnerability" is not a judgmental term that implies weakness but instead is an attempt to understand the variables involved in developing severe forms of mental illness. For instance, a person with an innate very low vulnerability could consequently withstand a great amount of stress; however, perhaps solitary confinement could stress the person so much that they experience a psychotic episode. Such as case could be viewed as a "normal" reaction to extreme stress for that person. A different person might have an innately higher vulnerability, due to genetic a predisposition for example, and solitary confinement would not affect them as severely. Another person might have a genetic loading but may have suffered the…. [read more]

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