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Dissolution of Empires After WWII Term Paper

… ¶ … World War II also marked the end of the idea of empire, an idea that had directed the actions of many European powers for some time and that was also evident in the actions of some of the countries of Asia. These various countries sought to expand their power by taking over other nations and by controlling the actions of those nations under one banner. For Europe, the result was the colonial era in which first newly discovered areas were incorporated as part of the empire and then when many of the regions later to be called the Third World were invaded and occupied. India was such a region, and British rule would continue until Gandhi, following his non-violent approach, helped in creating…. [read more]

World War II Term Paper

… While Israel had shown a willingness and desire, even, to negotiate for peace and normalized relations in the region, its neighboring aggressors were focused simply on the annihilation of the Jewish state. American sympathy to the Zionist cause, then, was regarded with disgust by Arab authorities. It incited hostility that was greatly exacerbated when, following the humiliating six day defeat of Egyptian, Jordanian and Syrian troops at the hands of the powerful Israeli army in 1967, Arab shame bubbled over into speculation that American assistance had been a substantial factor in Israeli victory.

It was true that, at this juncture in history, America began to provide a great deal more financial support to Israel. And as illustrated by the aforementioned circumstances of the 1973 War,…. [read more]

Western Europe Since the End Term Paper

… S. that Communist-Socialism is more efficient than capitalism. He was also the Soviet Union leader who almost engaged his country in the Cuban-Missile Crisis against the U.S., only to withdraw at the last minute under pressure from then U.S. President John F. Kennedy. He was met with criticism because of these policies, and was later ousted to be replaced by Leonid Brezhnev. Under Brazhnev's leadership, the Soviet Union experienced economic stability. However, the country still failed to move forward and compete against other countries in the world. Under his rule, Soviet Union began adopting stringent measures in order to secure its control over the Eastern European countries (which are slowly turning away from the influence of Communism), such as the use of military force. He…. [read more]

Influential Factor in the Evolution Research Paper

… World War II had thus caused a shift in influential power and both the United States and the Soviet Union wanted to exploit the new reconstructed framework of the world. The Soviet Union sought to do so by expanding socialism to countries in Europe, looking thus to dominate states in the sphere whereas the U.S. And other Western nations believed that communist ideology is threatening to both national identity and the ideal of democracy which is why they sought to prevent this from happening. Indeed, among the causal factors that led to the unfolding of the Cold War, the conflict of two competitive ideologies is assumed to be most prominent. Both the U.S. And the Soviet Union were convinced of the superiority of their system…. [read more]

Realism and the End of the Cold War Seminar Paper

… Realism and the End of the Cold War

The field of international relations has always been dominated by one theory or another that tried to explain, through different mechanisms and concepts, the evolution of the international affairs.

Realism was one of the theories that tried to best characterize the period of the Cold War and especially the bipolar relation between the West and the East, which is between the United States and the Soviet Union. After the fall of the U.S.S.R. At the beginning of the 1990s, it was considered that the realist theory of international relations did not grasp sufficiently accurate the power relations between the two important players and was not able to predict the fall of communism and the end of the…. [read more]

US Foreign Affairs Since 1898 Thesis

… U.S. Foreign Affairs Since 1898

Explain the origins of the containment policy after World War II. Also, explain the reasons for the conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union.

Even when the Soviet Union was an official ally of the United States, distrust of Stalin's USSR and communism as an ideology was pervasive in the U.S. Vocal critics of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's New Deal decried the legislation as socialistic, even though the New Deal was actually intended to offer a middle ground between classical economic theory and radical leftism. However, the defeat of Nazism and the expansion of the Soviet sphere of influence into Eastern Europe alerted President Harry Truman and the rest of the Western world that a new level of communist…. [read more]

Cold War on Europe, European Union Term Paper

… ¶ … cold war on Europe, European Union and trans - Atlantic Alliance

Impacts of the End of the Cold War on Europe, European Union and trans

Atlantic Alliance

The Cold War is a generic name given to a certain period in the history of humanity after the Second World War, characterized by conflicts and tensions between the two great powers at the time and subsequently their allies. On one hand there were the United States of America and their allies: Great Britain, France, West Germany, Japan and Canada. At the other pole stood the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (U.S.S.R.) with Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, East Germany, Romania, Cuba and China as main allies.

In this case, the actual meaning of the word war…. [read more]

Future of Cuba Term Paper

… Cuba After Castro

Cuba is an island nation some 90 miles from Florida, and proximity alone gives this country great importance in the thinking of American leaders. More than this, however, Cuba represents a major loss in the Western Hemisphere, a country that is Communist-led and that has therefore been viewed as a major security threat to the United States. At times, that threat has been given even more weight, as it was during the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. At other times, the threat has been less specific and often derives largely from antipathy to the leadership and to the very idea of Communism. In addition, Cuba holds a place of importance because of the many exiles from Cuba who have come to the…. [read more]

Organized Crime and Its Influence on Politics in Eastern Europe After the Fall of Communism Thesis

… Organized Crime and Its Influence on Politics in Eastern Europe After the Fall of Communism

What is Organized Crime?

Influence of Organized Crime in Politics in General

Influence of Organized Crime in Politics in Eastern Europe

Background information on breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

Political Sector of Balkans after breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

How Organized Crime influenced the Political sector of Balkans after breakup of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union

One cannot ignore the fact that the globe has penetrated into the age of industrial revolution where the technological and scientific advancements and innovations are at the peak. In this era of progression, social issues and concerns have simultaneously been escalating at an unprecedented rate. Crime, indeed, organized crime has…. [read more]

Soldierly Perception of Masculinity Research Paper

… The shift of military and social values has become a permanent trend in Germany after it weakens position in war. Although this change did not happen all of a sudden but many factors were involved in gradually changing the situation, there was still a back way to tackle the hurdles and to restore the previous standards and for these strong, sincere and collective efforts are needed to be carried out by promoting the culture and law.

Some grades this change as a natural process of refusal .If someone has to do some deliberate destruction of a particular religious, racial, political or ethnic group for the purpose of wiping them completely; it will be quite a difficult task to do but it will be possible if…. [read more]

20th Century British Literature Essay

… Remains of the Day

In the years following World War II, a great change took place in the British Empire along side an equally monumental change in English society. The 1950's saw the collapse of the British Empire, an empire on which it was said the sun never set. However, in 1958, the year in which Kazuo Ishiguro's the Remains of the Day begins, the sun was definitely setting on the British Empire. At the same time, the sun was setting on a way of life that was intricately linked to Imperial society, the great houses of the aristocracy. While the British Empire was in full swing, English society was centered around the aristocracy; and its well maintained residences which served as the backdrop for…. [read more]

Compare and Contrast the End of the Roman Empire to Today Term Paper

… ¶ … Roman empire to today

The issue of the decline and fall of the Roman Empire is a source of fascination for both the broad public and the scholarly world. From a European perspective, the fall of the Empire can be regarded as the end of the Classical world as it brought about a decline in literacy, urbanism, and generally all the indicators of civilization. Roman civilization is seen as the golden age of art, literature and law, a period of flourishing culture and development. In fact, both European and non-European societies have adopted Roman architectural, sculptural and legal traditions. The founding fathers hoped that America would revive the virtues of ancient Rome, and would reinvent the Roman Empire under a new formula whose…. [read more]

CIA Become More Prominent in the Conduct Term Paper

… ¶ … CIA become more prominent in the conduct of American foreign policy and why did this agency become a "necessary evil" in the Cold War diplomacy?

There are times in history that determine the evolution of the elements that make up the society and its reality. The Central Intelligence Agency can be seen as being the result of the Cold War, the time in history defining the non-military confrontation between the two major superpowers, the U.S. And the U.S.S.R. The National Security Act of 1947 gave birth to one of the most complex institutions of the intelligence system worldwide, but at the same time, because of its diverse activities, it also created a subject of great historical controversy. Thus, there are various perspectives on…. [read more]

Decolonization of the British Empire in Africa Term Paper

… Decolonization of the British Empire in Africa

Of the numerous and complex surrounding the decolonizing of the British empire in Africa, the influence African states under the British had on one another throughout the process is of particular interest, because it is a subject that has not been widely explored to date. Perhaps the reason for that is that the process of decolonizing the British African states was a painfully long process, during which time many a British conservative and liberal alike had much to say about the direction the British colonies should take as independent nations, and, as was always the case of the British during their rule over the African nations, they simply did not give the indigenous population opportunity nor credit for…. [read more]

Hitler Youth Thesis

… Hitler Youth: A Primary Cultural Agent for the Nazi Party

The entirety of the Holocaust was precipitated by a hard-line ideological predisposition toward German nationalism, at least as such a concept was defined by the National Socialist Party. Though World War II and the upswing of Hitler and the Nazi regime are events which revolved around military confrontations and international proxy battling, the European continent played host to a far more unconventional wartime operation. As the Nazi party portrayed it to a surprisingly receptive population, the quest for German national pride and success was to be defined not simply by victorious emergence from the war but by a purification of the people. While this provided an impetus for the larger war, wherein conquered nations would…. [read more]

History of Riga the Capital of Latvia Essay

… History Of Riga, Latvia

The city of Riga, capital of Latvia, has long been known to be a strategic center linking Eastern and Western civilizations ("History," December 2008, par. 1). Owing to the fact that it has a long history of colonization by its stronger neighboring countries, Riga's history is aptly described by one author as, "... forming a rich tapestry of wars, sieges, blockades, and armistices" (ibid., par.1).

Pre-Historic Riga

As early as 9,000 BC, ancient, unidentified settlers have already inhabited Latvia. During 3,000 BC, the Finns had set foot and eventually inhabited the area. After a millennium, pre-Baltic tribes arrived and were later on subdivided into the Baltic Couranian, Latgallian, Selonian, and Semigallian groups. These tribes instituted their own local governments ("History of…. [read more]

Just War" Theory Term Paper

… This foundation, although extending back to times prior to Europe's Middle ages, or renaissance period, exerted little influence over the wars which were common place on the European continent during the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries. The Just war theories, which have been described, are the products of modern man wrestling with the ethical and moral consequences of their actions when compared to a higher power, or an objective rule of law. Christianity and Christian principles caused both Augustine and St. Thomas Aquinas to develop their treatises on a just war. And the conventions, such as Geneva and Hague, were also the results of civilized nations which sought to develop principles under which they would willingly abide. This political paradigm is unique to western civilization,…. [read more]

Establishment of the State of Israel Thesis

… Establishment of the State of Israel

One of the driving forces in the global political climate was the creation of the State of Israel in 1948. The creation of Israel has resulted in a series of wars between the Jewish state and its neighbors. The fallout has continued to this day, in the form of the Israel-Palestine conflict and the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Yet, the creation of Israel was a necessity, born of the Holocaust, which almost completely wiped out Jewish presence in Europe. The purpose of this essay is to outline the reasons for the creation of the State of Israel and provide some insight into the background of the region. The essay will then explore the reasons why this event has…. [read more]

Developing Nations Essay

… Oil and Religion: Europe in the Middle East.

Following the end of the First World War, the European powers, and later the U.S. And the Soviet Union, dominated the Middle East in terms of political, social, and economic structures, and set in motion a series of events which have impacted world events and global peace to the present day. This brief paper will outline the impact of Europe on this critical world region as it played out during the 20th Century.

Any discussion of the Middle East must begin with perhaps the two most important factors which have determined the course of events in the region for the last century: oil and religion. Oil has served as the economic motivation for Europe and other powers…. [read more]

Political Psychology Research Proposal

… ¶ … political psychology has always been, when framed in extreme terms, the extent to which political elites can and do manipulate the general public, as opposed to the extent to which they must pander to the preferences of the mass public. Framed more modestly, this debate pits the view that the mass public is mainly responsive to elite initiatives, against the view that elites' actions are strongly influenced by the public's preferences. Discuss this question critically, drawing broadly upon material from throughout the course.

The American voter is credulous and easily manipulated. American politicians simply wish to get elected and pander to voter prejudices and engage in opinion poll-watching, rather than exercise true leadership. How can both of these sentiments be accurate? An excellent…. [read more]

Georg Ritter Von Schonerer Term Paper

… George Ritter Von Schnerer

Von Schnerer's Growing Hatred for the Power Structures

Jews in Austria

Von Schnerer's Hatred of the Jews

Von Schnerer's Time as Representative

Von Schnerer and the Linzer Programm

Von Schnerer's Drift into Insanity

George Heinrich Ritter von Schnerer came from a family of engineers, inherited a purchased title, and aroused the petite bourgeoisie of Vienna and the German-speaking villagers of the Lumpenproletariat. He rose to public attention during a time when Austria was particularly vulnerable to the demands of Eastern Europeans, whose new-found power increased as the Habsburg monarchy lost control over its empire.

But for von Schnerer's influence on Hitler, he might have disappeared into the clouds of history after a few short years in the Austrian House of Representatives.…. [read more]

Xerxes, King of Persia Term Paper

… ¶ … Xerxes, king of Persia, one of the most notable figures of the Great Persian Empire. Xerxes is best known through history because of his implications as a military leader and strategist that lead the Median Wars and the Persian invasions of Greece with great cleverness and order.

However, in order to understand the life and deeds of Xerxes, we must first state the circumstances in which he raised to power and that influenced his later preoccupations. The research must involve the Persian Empire and the problems that led to their conflict with the Greek city-states that were involved in the Median Wars during the V century B.C.

First we will refer briefly to the Persian Empire, its raise and evolution, and its relation…. [read more]

Shifts That Have Taken Place in American Term Paper

… ¶ … shifts that have taken place in American foreign policy since the end of the Vietnam War.

The Vietnam War can be rightfully seen as a pivotal moment in the history of the 20th century. The human loss could only be estimated, as there were too many unknown events that influenced the final outcome of the victim count, as "over 57, 000 Americans- and hundreds of thousands of Vietnamese- died. Total American expenses have been calculated at over a trillion dollars." (Rothney and Findley, 1986, 300) However important is the human factor, aside from the tragedies of the Vietnamese and American peoples who engaged their troops on the battlefield, there is the aspect of the dramatic political shift that the war and its outcome…. [read more]

Impact of Imperialism on the Middle East Term Paper

… Imperialism in the Middle East

The Impact of Imperialism in the Middle East

Imperialism and Decolonization:

A Case Study of Egypt and Iraq

In this paper, a discussion will be offered on the consequences of Western imperialism, notably British, that not only impacted on the immediate aftermath of their comportment in previously colonized areas, but also contributed in forming their prospective social, economic and political future, through examining imperialism in Egypt and Iraq. The powerlessness of the Egyptian and Iraqi authorities can be linked to the socio-economic modifications the British enforced and their disinclination to assume a choice to the Western construct of power.

It can be said that historically speaking, the Middle East has not been considered to be charitable to the power of…. [read more]

Meiji Masculinity Japanese Men and Their Encounter With the West Thesis

… ¶ … Japanese history attribute Meiji masculinity to the peculiar customs of the Meiji period, its specific characteristics of the Emperor, and, in some related way, its association with the Western world. Investigation of the relevant material actually denotes Meiji masculinity to have roots that go back far earlier, and it is this essay's suggestion that these roots trace themselves to an influence that was strong on Japanese thinking of that period: Confucianism.

Using primary sources, this essay summarily describes the Meiji period, elaborates on Meiji masculinity, shows the impact that Confucianism had on the early to pre-modern Japanese mindset, delineates Meiji treatment towards women, and concludes by demonstrating how Confucianism integrated with Western influences resulted in Meiji masculinity particularly in their impression of and…. [read more]

Comparing the Japanese and the Nationalists Colonize Taiwan Term Paper

… Japanese Colonization of Taiwan

Over the past several decades, research has indicated that during the colonization of Taiwan, many different tools and devices have been used by the Japanese during the time period before the relocation of the Kuomintang (KMT) to the island in 1945. Historians, Taiwanese citizens, and scholars have offered various theories for the noted preference by the old Taiwanese to the Japanese rule over rule by the KMT. These theories are based on the significant impact that the Japanese rule had on the creation of a Taiwan identity. An overview of Taiwan's cultural and political history and the sources of its disputed status is essential to understanding the uncertainty surrounding Taiwan identity. This paper will explore and discuss the tools and devices…. [read more]

Hisory of Palliatve Care Palliative Ghost Writing

… Development of instrument that can be used in improvement of palliative care

There are legal standards that are being used in the United States to help sustain the lives of young children. Creation of machines to help in the program to sustain lives especially of those children suffering from long life diseases like cancer is the current project. This is an initiative taken by the pediatric palliative care department. The program will play a significant role in prolonging lives especially to those children with serious illness. Two instruments in the suggestion for use and reviews made to see the effectiveness. Parents and palliative care employees from various institutions gave opinions to act as a guideline on the effectiveness and progress. The instruments are essential in…. [read more]

Atonement the Book by Ian Mcewan Research Paper

… Nominated for the 2001 Booker prize for fiction and listed as one of the All-Time 100 Greatest Novels, British author Ian McEwan's novel Atonement asks the reader to enter the recent past and understand how simple events can actually have large, life-changing consequences and a domino effect upon those involved.

Essentially, the plot unfolds in four acts. Part 1 takes place in the summer of 1935 in country estate in England. Through a series of misinterpretations, Briony Tallis accuses the son of the family housekeeper of rape and the boy, Robbie, is arrested and imprisoned. Robbie is innocent, but attracted to Ceclia, Briony's older sister. Part 2 is set after Robbie has spent a few years in prison, being conditionally released if he enlists in…. [read more]

Voting to Violence, Jack Snyder Term Paper

… Thus it becomes problematic to include the Russian minority that dwells within the nation's borders in the process of Latvian nation formation. Also, the nation becomes much more inclined to enter into ethnic conflicts around its borders, because enabling members of its ethnic identity to survive in other lands is linked to the nation's democratic identity and survival.

Snyder correctly points out in his book that this problem is not only endemic to Eastern Europe and the Slavic regions but also in India, which came to its modern identity in opposition to British rule, and other post-colonial nations. He stresses that this does oppose the move towards democracy -- far from it, he believes that the world could become more peaceful were it to become…. [read more]

Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]

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