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Dual Diagnosis Population Seminar Paper

… Population Needs and Assessment

Dual Diagnosis, Comorbidity, and Modified Therapeutic Communities

The term dual diagnosis is a term typically reserved for someone suffering from a mental disorder and a comorbid substance abuse problem, although technically the term comorbidity is more appropriate. There has been some debate in the literature surrounding the use of a single diagnostic label for a group of individuals who have a wide variety of different psychiatric diagnoses and different substance abuse issues (Evans & Sullivan, 2001). The term "comorbidity" was a term introduced in the medical field in the 1970s by an epidemiologist to describe the presence of more than one distinct different disease occurring in an individual at the same time (Feinstein, 1970). The designation of comorbid diseases assisted physicians…. [read more]


Diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Article Review

… Diagnosis of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children

In a recent article, "The child behavior checklist PTSD scale: screening for PTSD in young children with high exposure to trauma," published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress, Loeb et. al. examined the validity of new methods designed to identify Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) in children. The team examined the validity of the Child Behavior Checklist PTSD subscale to screen for PTSD in children attending an inner-city early childhood mental health center. Using various measures, the team assessed 51 preschool-age children with high exposure to trauma receiving outpatient child -- parent psychotherapy for PTSD.

The team compared 15 items on the CBCL, a proposed subscale indicative of PTSD, to the UCLA-PTSD Index and to clinical diagnosis based…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Disorder Essay

… My assessment of this study is that it is a reliable and authoritative study. A significantly large sample of programs was investigated (753) and the people who completed the surveys -- the managers of these departments -- were trustworthy. On the contrary, one may have expected them (due to their subjectivity and personal involvement) to provide more optimistic results. The fact that they did not do so points to the possibility that the situation in these programs may be worse than rated. The institution used - the Department of Veterans Affairs - was also reliable.

The study, consequently, is enormously helpful on several counts. It points out descriptors for improvement in either organization. It also informs potential patients of institutions that would be more helpful…. [read more]


Communications Disorders the Federal Individuals Essay

… Some children, however, may never communicate naturally and must be taught to do so through electronic means.

A dual diagnosis is made when a child is found to have more than one learning disability. These can be manifest in any combination of the learning disabilities and/or communication disorders discussed so far in this paper.

The National Association for Gifted Children defines gifted individuals as those who

"…demonstrate outstanding levels of aptitude (defined as an exceptional ability to reason and learn) or competence (documented performance or achievement in top 10% or rarer in one or more domains. Domains include any structured area of activity with its own symbol system (e.g., mathematics, music, language) and/or set of sensorimotor skills (e.g., painting, dance, sports)" (National Association for, n.d.).…. [read more]


Alcoholism in Adolescence Significance Essay

… If he is to overcome this and "become strong and resilient.. he requires an empathic environment" (ibid., 346). Consistent research has indicated links between student drinking and social factors.

In conclusion, alcohol abuse remains a common health problem in the United States (Inaba, Cohen, & Holstein, 1997) as well as the most prevalent mind disorder accounting for as much as 40% of the diagnosis in the DSM-IV (American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1994). Many teens are impacted, and effective counseling interventions constructed on research that has proved most effective in ameliorating the condition can be beneficial in breaking the addiction.

References

Adolescents Substance Abuse Knowledge Base

http://www.adolescent-substance-abuse.com/myths-alcohol.html

Brower, K.J., Blow, F.C., & Beresford, T.P. (1989). Treatment Implications of Chemical Dependency Models: An Integrative Approach, Journal of…. [read more]


Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy in Athletic Population Term Paper

… Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) is a heart condition characterized by excessive thickening of the heart muscles. Left ventricular thickening is usually the most common defining feature of the disease though in some patients right ventricular thickening is also noticed. While heart muscle thickening is also observed in patients with a history of high blood pressure and among those with prolonged athletic training, in HCM the thickening is idiopathic. HCM occurs roughly in around 1 in 500 (600,000 to 1.5 million) people in the U.S. And is the single most common cause for sudden death in young athletes. [Cleveland Clinic] Statistics show that roughly around 35% of sudden deaths among athletes are ascribed to HCM. Statistics also reveal that sudden deaths among joggers, marathon racers, and other…. [read more]


Licensed Professional Counselors Are Individuals Essay

… The theory of multicultural counseling and theory

From my experience, I would readily acknowledge that all of the clients I have interacted with possess unique qualities. These individual differences must no doubt be respected and accepted. This is in contrast of the assumption that a certain interviewing approach can successfully be transferred and applied across a wide range of counseling clients. The very view that challenges this assumption is multicultural counseling.

The work of Sue et al. (1996) is what proposed and pioneer the theory of multicultural counseling and therapy (MCT). This theory was considered to be necessary due to the inadequacies that rocked the current theories informing the contemporary counseling practice. There are several underlying assumptions in regard to this theory. Some of the…. [read more]


Borderline Personality Disorder Definitions and Historical Foundations Term Paper

… Borderline Personality Disorder

Definitions and historical foundations

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM

Etiology

DBT

Genetics

Environmental Conditions

Neurological issues

Diagnoses and related issues

Comorbidity

Psychopharmacological approaches

Dialectical Behavioral Therapy

Empirical support

Theoretical aspects of DBT

The dialectical model

Etiology

Praxis

This study is intended to present a clear overview of the characteristics, history, etiology, diagnosis and treatment of Borderline personality Disorder. This disorder has been the subject of much contention and debate over the years and has not only been difficult to define but also to diagnose due to its theoretical and practical proximity to other disorders. The advent of Lineham's Dialectical Behavioral Therapy however has provided a more structured and theoretically integrated approach and means of dealing with and treating Borderline…. [read more]


Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies Term Paper

… Contingency Management

ALCOHOL & MARIJUANA STUDIES

The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and unresolved theoretical and research questions. Logan (1972) holds that there is much evidence that animals also respond to operant contingencies with psychoactive substances.

The New York Times reports in the work entitled: "Toward a Behavioral Economic Understanding of Drug Dependence: Delay Discounting Processes" (2006) states that many times those who are addicted to alcohol or drugs do not stay clean because they either "won't go…. [read more]


Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women Research Paper

… Evidence-Based Practice Protocol: Domestic Violence and Hispanic Women

Evidence-based Practice

Domestic violence (DV) accounts for about 30% of all acute injuries to women treated in emergency departments, as it currently constitutes a critical public health concern, not only in the United States (U.S.), but worldwide. Some studies indicate that Hispanic women are more likely to be injured during intimate partner violence incidents than non-Hispanic women, with scholars agreeing that DV among Latinos must be addressed as it constitutes a serious problem among the Latino growing population.

Research reveals that utilizing emergency room protocols to identify and treat victims of domestic violence increases the identification of victims by medical practitioners. Although a high percentage of female victims of domestic violence visit emergency rooms for treatment, low…. [read more]


Academic Autobiography Term Paper

… Academic Autobiography

For the past ten years I have worked in a psychiatric division of a local hospital where I have worked with dual diagnosis patients. Every day I find myself using something I learned from my college education when working with these patients. Whether it is a theory from a Psychology and Play course or a method of organizing and conducting group counseling sessions, it is clear that without my higher education I would not be able to succeed on a daily basis in my current employment environment.

My undergraduate education, in which I pursued and successfully earned my bachelor degree, gave me the diverse and all-encompassing education I needed to succeed as a drug and alcohol rehabilitation counselor. As I look back on…. [read more]


Ethical Practice Involves Working Positively Essay

… The second perspective focuses on the links between international divisions based on learning and information transfer (Handout 1). In addition, such founding principles of the practice of counseling encompass key elements of what it takes practitioners to achieve their professional goals. Practitioners who do not create connections with clients fails to create learning that can only be derived through interaction with different clients. High diversity levels are driven by the benefits of tapping communicative, cultural, and creative skills of different clients. Practitioners engage such skills to enhance their counseling policies, client experiences, and services. Diversity practitioners have cited the benefits of having an open discussion with clients because this profession requires that clients must come out of their areas of comfort and have an experience…. [read more]


Behavior Related to Drug Abuse Article Review

… Substance use and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) are often interrelated conditions. Although globally, injection drug use is related to between five and ten percent of HIV infections, in certain countries in Asia, Europe, the Middle East, North America, and South America, up to 80% of all HIV infections are related to injection drug users (Von Unger & Collins). Following are reviews of three articles dealing with the implications of HIV / AIDS and the diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of substance use disorders.

Transforming the meaning of HIV / AIDS in recovery from substance use: A qualitative study of HIV-positive women in New York:

Von Unger and Collins note that for women with HIV / AIDS, recovering from substance abuse is often…. [read more]


Prostascint Imaging Term Paper

… PROSTASCINT IMAGING in DETECTION of BONE METASTASES in PROSTRATE CANCER: EXAMINATION of FALSE POSITIVE and FALSE NEGATIVE RESULTS and the ACCURACIES & INACCURACIES in DETECTION & DIAGNOSIS

The objective of this work is to make an extensive review of literature in the area of ProstaScint imaging effectiveness and accuracy in detecting distant metastases, and specifically bone metastases. This study specifically seeks findings concerning false positive and false negative results and the inaccuracies or accuracies in diagnosis of metastatic bone lesions due to prostrate cancer.

As the knowledge and experience in the clinical use of ProstaScint Imaging in detection of bone metastases in prostrate cancer grows the capacity to use this imaging in detection of prostrate bone metastases grows as well as does the accuracy of…. [read more]


Microbiology Assessment

… Furthermore, there is criticism abound with regards to new drugs, especially since there is strain of TB that has been proven resistant to drugs. According to the StopTB Partnership, and a WHO working paper in 2006,

"Multidrug-resistant TB threatens the potential salutary impact of DOTS programmes. Although progress in widespread DOTS implementation will help prevent the further emergence of drug-resistance, expansion of effective DOTS-Plus programmes is vital to stem the contribution of drug-resistant cases to the overall TB epidemic. Too few countries have national policies for the diagnosis and treatment of MDR-TB. In some of those that do, treatment commonly fails to meet acceptable standards."

Thus, as aforementioned and as one always states with regards to deteriorating health and social situations, more could always be…. [read more]


Laboratory Medicine in Resource Limited Settings Research Paper

… ¶ … Improving the Quality of Medical Laboratory Services in Resource-Limited Settings

The critical nature of emergency medical services in Saharan and Sub-Saharan Africa is paramount as development during the 21st century is poised to arouse Africa to harness its power to become a global economic player. The Aforementioned emergency care is akin to emergency medical response teams that can arrive on-site with an onsite laboratory where blood testing, transfusion (if blood packs are obtained), where diagnosis of communicable diseases via laboratory testing is essential.

However, there are many issues associated with the availability of on-site diagnosis or locality over a large geographic region where a stand-alone facility with microbiology laboratory and diagnostic department is available. Economic constraints limit the development of such a network…. [read more]


Tuberculosis (TB) Prevention and a TB-Treatment Intervention Term Paper

… Tuberculosis (TB) Prevention and a TB-Treatment Intervention for Males Newly Released from New York City Prison/Correctional Facility (Riker's Island)

Despite significant progress in detecting and treating tuberculosis (TB) in recent years, TB remains a significant health threat, especially among institutionalized populations such as prisons. While the experts remain divided as to the precise causes for the inordinately high incidence of TB in the nation's prisons, the reasons typically cited include the fact that prisons house higher percentages of lower socioeconomic individuals that have not had access to healthcare or that have ignored their healthcare needs prior to incarceration, including alcoholism, substance abuse patterns and a higher rate of HIV infection, all of which can promote the contraction and spread of tuberculosis. The purpose of the…. [read more]


Services Presentation in Older Adults Essay

… Depression will be a primary issue for concern with this group as they enter retirement age. Towards this end, the Tripler Army Medical Center located in Hawaii has a program that has the capacity to counsel older patients who are experiencing depression and treatments that will effectively address and improve symptoms and feelings of depression in the older adult population in this area. This large group of retirees requires strategic planning on the part of the VA and DoD in order to address the healthcare needs of this population in the future.

References

Aging Baby Boomers In a New Workforce Development System (nd) report updates and revises an earlier study by the Urban Institute, The Aging Baby Boom: Implications for Employment and Training Programs, June…. [read more]


Eating Disorder Is Characterized Research Paper

… The client comes into the counseling system either by voluntarily enrolling themselves in counseling, through a friend or family referral or expert advice at a health facility. For typical patients, there may be a history of visiting other systems of care since it is likely that the patient will seek other forms of medical treatment before visiting a counselor.

Role of social worker

As a social worker, the role played will be in the long-term care segment of continuum of care since treatment of the eating disorder falls under rehabilitative care. This is because CBT aims at reforming the individual's cognitive and behavioral issues in order to achieve the goals of treatment.

The social worker is quite different from other practitioners since the social worker…. [read more]


Family Nurse Practioner Term Paper

… These agencies impact this role positively if properly followed since their work complete the ethics and rules that inform the procedure.

CRAN's role in the medical field is aided by the fact that there are now many institutions that offer the course. FNPs; gain from the fact that they can access school materials online or on part-time basis. This has the dual effect of giving the nurse both clinical experiences while learning. Accreditation agencies are coming up whose existence is aided with the support of both the state and federal governments. This ensures the nurses offering this expertise role; are qualified and competent persons.

According to a research conducted in 2010; showed that CRNA's who worked independently without supervision were as effective as full fledge…. [read more]


Glbt Substance Abuse Therapies the Path Research Paper

… GLBT Substance Abuse Therapies

The path to sobriety for substance abusing adolescents that are gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (and "questioning") is not a well-marked route. In fact for many LGBT adolescents there are detours, barricades, slippery slopes and other road hazards along the way. And there is not an abundance of readily available services for these young people. But there are indeed recovery strategies and rehabilitation programs available for this minority population, and this paper describes several remedies.

The Literature on substance abuse treatment for LGBT adolescents

In a national survey of substance abuse disorders within the LGBT community, the Office of Applied Studies in the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services reports that the "extent of substance abuse disorders" within the LGBT…. [read more]


Journal Articles Web Sites Essay

… A similar result with the NR4A3 allele was found in the schizophrenic population. The researchers also found that these gene variants were majorly responsible for heavy smoking in the general population which the frequency of the variant being lower in mild smokers. Therefore this allele is not only associated with risk of smoking but also the degree of smoking. The NR4A3 gene is thought to modulate the effect that nicotine has in the brain. The effect produced by the gene is thought to be greater in individuals with severe mental illness though this has not been substantiated through research.

Diaz et al. (2009)

conducted their study to establish the performance of patients with severe mental illnesses in neurocognitive tests by comparing the smokers and non-smokers…. [read more]


Tylenol Cyanide Case Study

… Tylenol Case Analysis: Johnson and Johnson

In the contemporary world, taking responsibility and immediate action in the face of a huge crisis is a requirement for any U.S. corporation if they are to survive and maintain their market position and reputation. These types of organizations are expected to be socially responsible to their employees and the public not only if they are directly involved in a crisis involving their products or services, but also if there is an indirect association. In 1982 Johnson and Johnson was faced with this challenge. They were indirectly involved in a catastrophe which killed seven people because their leading pain killer Tylenol was tampered with and unassuming consumers became the victim of such an atrocity. The way in which Johnson…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Associated With Depression Research Paper

… Substance Abuse Associated With Depression

How is Substance Abuse associated with Depression?

The dissertation is a research-based paper to evaluate the association between substance abuse with depression. Depression is considered to be one of the common mental illnesses present in a significant percentage of the United States population. A wide range of studies have clearly exposed the fact that substance abuse is closely related to depression and comorbidity with depression amongst the general population. Depressed people usually turn out for substance abuse to alleviate their pain. A number of theories have been identified to determine the causes that lead to substance abuse addiction and depression. However, the outcomes of comorbid depression and substance abuse treatment have clearly exhibited positive results (that is decreased depressive symptoms…. [read more]


Substance Abuse Intervention for Homeless Youth Research Paper

… Substance Abuse and Homeless Youth

The focus of this research paper is to discuss the connection between homelessness in youth populations and substance abuse. "Homeless young adults are defined as individuals between 12 and 24 years of age who are without stable housing and who identify with the culture and economy of living on the street [1, 7-9]. Identification with street culture includes engaging in accepted practices for earning money (such as panhandling), adopting unique slang language and developing strategies to prevent victimization" (Gomez et al., 2010). Thus, with homeless youths, the homelessness is not a temporary flirtation with time away from home, but a complete and thorough transition to life on the streets. This distinction is important to make, as this paper is will…. [read more]


Dell and Business Case Study

… Recommendations

My recommendations to Michael Dell are to invest more in research and creating new products. I would also recommend that Dell continues to conduct market research, gathering information about the competitors and the customers, to make changes in their product and services. Giant technology corporations are expected to keep up sales in 2011; however the instability in the economy in the United States and in Europe could prevent sales growth. Companies must continue to differentiate themselves to ensure growth (Reuters, 2011). I would recommend that Michael Dell immerse in marketing on social media websites, this is a low cost method of marketing and it can reach a wide range of customers. This strategy will help Dell to overtake Hewitt Packard. In 2010 Facebook reported…. [read more]


Significant Experience in My Life Research Proposal

… ¶ … Life

I went to college at LaSalle University, and I wanted to help others. It seemed corny, even to me, but I wanted to be that person who people could always turn to. It started when my brother went to rehab for a chemical dependency problem. I wasn't sure how to react. I was angry, of course, but my heart was breaking, as well. He looked so sickly when he left home and I kept thinking I should have seen what was happening to him. I should have been able to do something to help him. When I went to visit him, it became very apparent that he wasn't the only one suffering with addictions and problems like mental disorders. I had to…. [read more]


Breast Cancer Treatment Introduction

… , 2003; Li, Malone, & Daling, 2003). Once remedy for prevention of cancer was mentioned earlier, i.e. annual mammography screening. But when should a woman start the cycle of annual mammography screening. According to the extensive research work, annual screening should start at the age of 40 to reduce fatality rates (American Cancer Society, 2006b).

Work of HBM was concerned with different aspects of mammography screening. The first step was to identify the reasons behind women's attitude towards cancer screening. Therefore, a sample of women was selected to fill a questionnaire. The sample represented groups of women in favor of screening and women who oppose this. Results were concluded using relationships between different variables of HBM. Along with this, multivariable regression models were used to…. [read more]


Adolescents and Addictions Research Paper

… Adolescent Substance Abuse and Depression

The population studied herein is the segment of adolescents whom not only struggle with substance abuse problems but also face depressive mood disorders. Recent research from the National Institute of Mental Health reveals that thirty percent of teenagers with depression will also develop a substance abuse problem; and, moreover it is teens whom suffer from depression and substance abuse disorders whom are most likely to commit suicide. With such a significant number of teenagers experiencing two very serious issues and potentially lethal disorders, it is critical that we learn how to identify both processes along with figuring out treatment for these at-risk youth that will address the underlying cause of both of these issues so that the teenager has the…. [read more]


Squamous Cell Carcinoma Research Proposal

… Oral squamous cell carcinoma is one of the most important forms of oral cancers with unfortunately very poor prognosis rate. Surgery, radiation and chemotherapy constitute the mainstay treatment so far. With our progressing knowledge in molecular biology and the increasing understanding of the various signaling pathways there is no question of doubt that in the near future the prognosis for OSCC would be considerably improved. As with any other disease, prevention is better than cure. Avoiding the well-known risk factors, a well-balanced nutritional plan and regular dental health checkups are the most effective means of preventing Oral cancers.

Oral cancer continues to be one of the most dangerous forms of cancer worldover. While the fatality rate of cancer in general has declined over the last…. [read more]

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NOTE:  We can write a brand new paper on your exact topic!  More info.