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Economic Trends Essay

… 7% is the lowest since Q1 2009. The United Kingdom's unemployment rate has been relatively stable over the study period but remains persistently high at 7.67%. The unemployment rate in the United States rose rapidly with the recession, from 5.3% to 9.97%, a much larger change than the other three countries experienced. The rate has not fallen much and still sits at 8.9%. The unemployment figures illustrate that despite Japan's volatility in some areas, employment is fairly stable. The UK and Canada did not suffer from the recession nearly as much as the U.S. did, at least as far as jobs are concerned.

5. The country that is the strongest at this time is Canada. There are a number of reasons for that assessment. The…. [read more]

Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Latest Developments Since 2010 Essay

… This indicator is inopportune when focusing on other indicators.

There is also a dangerous debt in non-oil producing countries. They have no choice but to implement the policies. Countries like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Oman are facing pressing challenges when it comes to labor. In these countries, national workforce has been rendered inopportune to deliver since foreign labor (with better services at cheaper rates) especially from India and Africa have recently flocked the labor market. Therefore, GCC is currently pursuing policies, which will seek to replace foreign workers with local workers. To accomplish this, GCC is advising member states to pursue a combination of mandatory of market-based and as well, policies which will seek to promote non-oil economic growth.

Although the population of the GCC…. [read more]

Economic Indicators the Change Essay

… Beginning in early 2008, non-farm payroll numbers dropped every month, with the worst drops coming at the end of 2008 and beginning of 2009. Non-farm payrolls continued dropping month-over-month through the beginning of 2010, when payrolls began to gain numbers again. In the last 7 months shown, which include the last half of 2010 and first month of 2011, non-farm payrolls rose steadily, whereas the prior year showed both ups and downs. Like other measures, the non-farm payroll data suggests that the economy is growing stronger, as shown through the numbers of non-farm jobs being added.

The unemployment rate in the United States remains high and was close to 9% at the beginning of 2011. The rate has not changed much since rising above 9%…. [read more]

Economics of Monopoly Power Essay

… 3). Explain the economic consequences that would unfold if one of the major four sports leagues in the United States reorganized into a single-entity league. Discuss the consequences for players and fans.

If such an event happened, this would lead to what is referred to as oligopoly in the economics arena. This will mean that there will be a small group of participants who will have the ability to control and have influence over the forces supply and the prices in this market. In our case, this newly formed oligopoly will be able to give the remaining three leagues a hard time in terms of determining the forces in the sports fraternity. This will include the pay of the players being influenced by this groups…. [read more]

Economic Impact Study: Students Research Paper

… Often, college students fall into that category, as do many people who are just out of college and now have a number of student loans they will have to repay in an economy that is not growing or adding new jobs (Kadlec, 2013). Students who are in college and those who are just out of college have very little disposable income, and they are not spending like they would if they had more money and the economy was strong. The struggle that they are facing is very real, and compounded by the higher education system and how it has become so expensive to get a good education.

That is not to imply that the recession is the only issue, or that there would be no…. [read more]

Economic Crisis Policies US Current Research Paper

… S. money market back to its operations by assuming that U.S. financial system had enough liquidity to expand the market operations. Fed Reserve accepted the less credit worthy securities as collateral and held safe U.S. treasuries to keep the money supply constant. These were later termed as "toxic waste removal" policies.

Fed Reserve introduces another set of program by taking over multinational insurance company American International Group (AIG) on September 2008. This program was implemented through option of purchasing asset backed commercial paper from money market mutual funds. This policy was termed as Quantitative easing by Bernake.


First the U.S. economic crisis was only of real estate and later on it developed into global financial crisis. If it is to be judged that Fed…. [read more]

Economics: Application of Concepts Essay

… These are the reasons that prompted the government to step in.

Had the monopoly succeeded, competitors would have been edged out of the market. Those who would have been affected in this case include carriers like MCI and a host of telecommunication-equipment suppliers. With no competitor to watch out for, AT&T would have been tempted to charge prices higher than those possible in a competitive market. It is also likely that the quality of services offered by the company would have suffered.

Methods of Identifying Customers to be Offered Discounts

In some instances, an attempt by a given company to offer discounts to some groups of customers could have the effect of alienating some of its consumers. To avoid this, business entities should embrace fair…. [read more]

Economics UK Economy an Analysis Essay

… For example, production fell by a seasonally adjusted basis by 2.4% in November 2012 when compared to November 2011 and manufacturing fell by 2.1% (Office for National Stastistics, 2012). This has ushered in many fears of another recession. Britain's economy has only just emerged from a double-dip recession in the third quarter of 2012, when it recorded 1% growth (Kirka, 2011). A recession can often build on itself. Once consumers lose confidence in the economy then this can reduce consumer spending. Consumers will hold off on purchases until they feel comfortable with the economic environment. Therefore once the threat of a recession emerges then the situation can be made worse by the public's perception of uncertainty.

Figure 3 - Percentage Changes (Office for National Stastistics,…. [read more]

Economic Analysis: The International Trade Essay

… Political and Financial Risks of International Marketing

Within the realm of international marketing, major political and financial risks often rise to the forefront. Such risks are similar to those that are taken on by traders in domestic markets, but in viewing the risks on an international playing field these risks become far more apparent with the capacity to have significant financial impact should something go wrong. For instance, countries engaging in trade in the foreign market may see such financial risks as buyer insolvency (purchaser cannot pay for the goods set up for exchange), non-acceptance (buyer rejects goods as different from the agreed upon specifications), and credit risks (allowing the buyer to take possession of the goods prior to payment) (Dutta, 2010, p. 320). These…. [read more]

Economics the Production Possibilities Curve Essay

… Nations have become more specialized since the advent of the Union.

With the advent of the EU, nations within the Union have all but eliminated trade barriers between them. As a result, nations have taken to increased specialization, and this has resulted in each European nation leveraging comparative advantage. The result is dramatically increased trade between the nations of the European Union since its inception (Rittenberg & Tregarthen, 2010).

The effect that this increased trade has had on the standard of living enjoyed by member nations of the EU is that the standard of living has increased in European nations since the inception of the EU. The increased efficiency and specialization allows these nations to use their resources more effectively, and this pushes the production…. [read more]

Economics Mexico How Interest Rates Term Paper

… By March 2013 the inflation rate had neared the government target and growth in some economic sectors was slowing, so the government made a bold move, decreasing interest rates earlier than expected as a result of the decline in certain sectors, with the aim of limited the slow down in growth; they balanced the need to support growth and constrain inflation.


CIA, (2013), Mexico, [online] accessed 29th April 2013 from

Howells P.G.A, Bain, K, (2007), Financial Institutions and Markets, London, Longman

Hughes, E; O'Boyle M, (2013, April 27), Mexico Holds Interest Rates, Watches Capital Inflows, The Globe and Mail, [online] accessed 30 April 2013 from

Index Mundi, (2013), United Kingdom GDP, [online] accessed 30th April 2013 from

Index Mundi, (2013), Japan…. [read more]

UK Membership of the Euro Macroeconomic Implications Book Report

… UK Membership of the Euro

Macroeconomic Implications of UK Membership of the Euro

Macroeconomic Implications of the United Kingdom's Membership of the Euro

Britain joined the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, later transformed into the European Union (EU). Today, the 500 million residents of the EU generate a 30% share of the nominal gross world product. The EU operates as a single market through a uniform legal system that fosters the free movement of people, goods, services, capital and common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries, and regional development. In 2002, 12 EU members retired their own currencies in favor of the euro. Four more member states have since adopted this common currency, constituting a 16-state "eurozone." ( HM Treasury,

For complex reasons the…. [read more]

USA Business Cycle Research Paper

… The two large ones are the Dow Jones Industrial Average and the NASDAQ index. The latter is more related to high-tech and blue-chip stocks while the former is a catch-all for other types of companies. The Dow Jones average has been fairly crazy for the last few years but is currently on a strong upward trend. As with many stock indexes around the world, the Dow Jones index bottomed out in the sub-8,000 range (quite low for them) in 2008 but has risen quite strongly since then. There have been some slight valleys in the growth at least one a year but the one in 2012 was pretty slight and even the 2010/2011 iterations were not that bad. The index was at 10,000 at the…. [read more]

Economic Indicators Assessment

… Economic Indicators

Savings Rate

Economic Indicator- the savings rate is the income that is not spent and is instead differed for consumption. In some instances, saving can also include reducing recurring costs such as a cell phone, or cable bill. In essence, individuals preserve money now, for a predetermined use in the future. This money is usually deducted from an individual's disposable income to use for future investment. The savings rate is an economic indicator of individual's propensity to save. This has implications in regards to the overall indebtedness of the nation. It can also indicate the purchasing power available for discretionary purchases.

Rate of Value -- 3.4% as of October 2012

Source of Information -U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis,

"United States Personal Saving Rate."…. [read more]

Define Economics Research Paper

… Models enable experiments. For instance, economists can manipulate interest rates to understand their impact or test to see if fiscal stimulus packages will produce the desired results in the economy. The model allows for more definitive statements to be made about causality (Stapleford, 2012).

There are downsides to models, however. They rely on assumptions which are often not based in reality. If the assumptions are incorrect, the conclusions drawn for models will also be invalid (Encyclopedia Britannica, 2009). Thus, it is an important task of economists to constantly refine models and compare them against actual data. By adjusting models in areas that underperform under this comparison, improvements can be made to provide strong insights and intuition into how the world works (Funderburk, 2012).

The debate…. [read more]

Economics Is the Study of How Markets Essay

… Economics is the study of how markets work. It is based around describing the patterns and interrelations of the production, distribution and consumption of goods and services. Microeconomics is concerned with the economics of individual decision making. By understanding the rational for individual-level decisions, microeconomics helps to provide insight into the specific patterns of production, distribution and consumption that we see in society.

Two key points in microeconomics are the law of supply and the law of demand. The law of supply holds that all other things being equal, as the price of a good increases, supply of that good will increase. This is because producers can increase their profits, and produce more in order to do so. The law of demand holds that all…. [read more]

Economics Is the Study of the Economy Essay

… Economics is the study of the economy that includes macroeconomics and microeconomics (Financial & Investment Dictionary).

Macroeconomics studies a nation or the world's economy as a whole, using data about inflation, unemployment and industrial production to understand the past and to predict the future. Microeconomics, on the other hand, studies the behavior of specific sectors of the economy, such as companies, industries, or households. The economic way of thinking is a perspective on human decisions and social transactions based on basic principles of both micro- and macro- economic analysis. Specifically, it involves systematic, rational and logical thinking based on understanding eight key assumptions (the economic way of thinking).

The first three assumptions of economic thinking are closely related. The first assumption states that the use…. [read more]

Economics of Peru Thesis

… Economics of Peru

The focus of this work is examining Peru's economic state and to conduct an analysis which determines the optimal direction that Peru should take in country development in the near future to optimize the country's economy. This study reviews an extensive base of literature and states suggestions and indications for the country of Peru and the initiative to further develop support and boost the country's economy.


The objective of this work is to examine the economics of Peru and the challenges faced by this economy in terms of future current global economics and financial challenges. Ultimately, this work will state economic policy guidelines and describe alternative actions or solutions along with the implications of the economic situation of that…. [read more]

United States Federal Reserve System Essay

… S. economy. First, the Fed uses monetary policy to control the supply of money through establishing reserve requirements that banks are required to hold. Secondly, money supply is controlled through the purchase and sale of government securities in operations in open market. The third approach that Federal Reserve uses to control monetary policy is through adjusting the discount rate that in turn affects the costs of reserves borrowed by banks from the Fed within the discount window (Beggs, n.d.). The monetary policy instruments used by the Fed influence the supply of credit but do not have direct effects on the demand for credit.

Impact of the Stimulus Program on Money Supply:

The money multiplier is an economic theory based on demand-side and the assumption that…. [read more]

Economic Crisis the Revelation Research Paper

… 25%. The attraction for the prospect non-prime buyers evicted from the market perhaps during the first half of the year 2006, the Mortgage Bankers Association discovered the value, and total number, of subprime mortgages that had now gone down 30% on the second half of 2005

4: the fourth that contributed to the bubble burst was the adversity that, as personal saving from disposable income reached up to the level below zero, fewer households had the requisite finance to support increases in debt and the standard of livings of the residents.

The ever expanding consequences of the bubble burst that funneled down to the household of U.S. And ultimately the senate and state. Giving the strong evidence the senate the William Black asserted (Johnson, 2010):…. [read more]

Accounting Economics Marginal Analysis Creative Writing

… With the variation in the prices, the demand of a particular item does not solely rely on its price but that of other products as well that may be a substitute or a complement to it. Cross-price elasticity is used to classify and group items that may compete against each other. For instance if the increase in the price of item X results in the increase of demand for item Y with the price of Y remaining constant, then the items or products X and Y are said to be substitutes.

On the other hand if the price of item A results into the drop in the quantity demand for B, yet the price of B. remains constant, then it can be said that items…. [read more]

Economic and Quantitative Analysis Topics Term Paper

… The United States has shifted in a major way on two different occasions over its existence. First, they went from an agrarian economy to an industrial one and now they are shifting to a service/knowledge foundation while the once dominant manufacturing industry in that country is becoming an afterthought except when speaking of advance/high-tech manufacturing. If someone were to analyze the United States economy over its entire existence, using a singular and fixed model would be asinine and obtuse because of these seismic changes that have occurred. Looking at the United States economy now through a year 1840 lens would be silly.

In a similar vein, looking at Nigeria now would require a certain model and that model would exhibit certain patterns and trends. However,…. [read more]

Annual Financial Report Fiscal Term Paper

… This situation however creates imbalances as funds are taken away from their initial purposes, namely the public sector services, such as education or medical care (Vantage FX, 2010).

The Piqua City School District in Ohio has constructed and forwarded its comprehensive annual financial reports and these sit at the basis of the analysis regarding the community's stability. After a general look at the statements in the CAFR, the following conclusions have bee drawn:

The community is financially stable and able to engage in investment projects

The community is reliant on the governmental funds, but it is also able to generate revenues through other activities, such as investment projects or extracurricular activities.

In order to ensure the validity of the finings, it is also necessary to…. [read more]

Business Cycle Analysis Research Paper

… The Book of Vital World Statistics. London: Crown.

English News China. (2013, January 17). China's 2012 Fixed Asset Investment Up. Retrieved from

MISH's Global Economic Trend Analysis. (2012, September 26). Is China Burning? Retrieved from

Morally Bankrupt. (2013). China's Figures. Retrieved from:

Morrison, W. (2013, July 17). China-U.S. Trade issues. Retrieved from Congressional Research Service:

National Bureau of Statistics of China. (2013). Retreived from:

Roberts, D. (2013, July 26). Diving Unemployment in China. Retrieved from Bloomberg Businessweek: (2013). China. Retrieved from:

Talk, F. (2013, August 26). China Charts That Look Bullish. Retrieved from U.S. Global Investors:

The Economist. (2010, November 4). Nominally cheap or really dear? Retrieved from

The Economist. (2012, May…. [read more]

Economic Situation in the U Essay

… And nearly all respondents say manufacturing job growth is important to the health of the U.S. economy. (

Obama initially called for a larger tax cut than he does now, proposing no more than 25% as opposed to his original 35% when running for office. There are many, however, who believe that larger tax cuts will stimulate more spending thus creating more jobs.

Propose two (2) methods of identifying groups of customers who should receive a discount for a product or service without alienating consumers.

The author of BlogMaverick proposes an interesting idea for helping companies grow. Certain companies may well need a discount in taxes for their product or service in order to help them thrive. BlogMaverick proposes that particular companies should be allowed…. [read more]

U.S. Economic Performances Essay

… 5% increase in GDP in 2012 and 2013. Typically, the EIU forecast reveals that unemployment rates will be 8.4% in 2012 and 7.9% in 2013. However, the EIU forecast about the unemployment rate is higher than the Blue Chip forecast. Typically, the Blue Chip forecast on the percentage increase in real GDP is lower than the forecast of EIU.

The report from EIU reveals that there would be a decline in personal consumption between 2012 and 2013 and rise in the unemployment rate during the period. The reason would be due to the global oil prices that would affect purchasing power of American households. Despite the economic forecast presented by EIU for the U.S. between 2012 and 2013, the Congress Budget Office (CBO) believes that…. [read more]

Economics Jim Hargrove, CEO Excess Essay

… Neptune has made heavy investments to build this brand image and to erode that brand image would not only squander those investments (many of which are sunk costs, albeit) but would also make it difficult to raise prices later. The company has built its business on consumers that are not price sensitive, so the last thing it wants to do is introduce price sensitivity to that segment of the market. There is no guarantee that new consumers attracted by the low prices would follow the prices back up -- no new long-term demand would be created as the price moves up and down the demand curve. This invalidates one of the main arguments in favor of a budget brand.

The competitive environment is another consideration…. [read more]

Economics Economy Has Recently Emerged Essay

… By 2012, the economy will largely be left to its own trend, and that is currently pointing to slow growth. In three years, however, growth is expected to be higher. Previous economic slowdowns have resulted in improved growth prospects three or four years post-recession. Thus, above-average growth is expected in three years. In ten years, the trend will be normal, with growth constrained by cuts to the federal budget to deal with rapidly escalating medical costs and with gas prices pushing down growth prospects, since the U.S. is entirely unprepared to deal with higher gas prices.

Previous instances of high unemployment typically take 3-4 years to resolve (in 1986 unemployment was still at 7.0%). Thus, unemployment will not be fully resolved in a year, although…. [read more]

Economic Inequality Essay

… When there is high inequality the poor do not shift to less expensive forms of participation (Domhoff, 2009).

Policy responses intended to reduce unequitable wealth distribution

Progressive taxation leads to an absolute reduction in income inequality when there are higher rates on the higher-income individuals are paid and they are not avoided. Transfer payments and social safety nets result to progressive spending by the government. A proposal on wage ration legislation was made as a way of reducing income inequality. According to the OECD public spending is crucial when it comes to reducing the ever increasing gap between the rich and poor (Beckow, 2013).

Another recommendation made is a higher top marginal tax rates only on the wealthy people. This recommendation made is of up…. [read more]

Economic Indicators Research Paper

… Economic Indicators


Weekly Job Claims

Personal Income

Consumer Confidence


Durable Goods

Philadelphia Outlook

FOMC Statement

Real Earnings

What this data shows is that the economy is generally improving. The unemployment indicator shows a clear trend that the unemployment rate is decreasing. While there is some fluctuation in most other indicators, this one has a solid trend line. Another indicator that shows a straight trend line is the FOMC statement, as the FOMC has kept interest rates steady, and low, for the past six months.

Consumer confidence is an interesting indicator, mainly for the outlier in October. While the level of confidence has generally not changed much, something happened in October to drive confidence down dramatically. It has since returned to its normal level.…. [read more]

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