Viewing papers 1-17 of 17 for economic AND geographies AND of AND contemporary AND brazil

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William Renwick. The Content of the Book Term Paper

… ¶ … William Renwick. The content of the book is constructed around three central themes: the belief in the interrelationship between humans and their natural environment; the philosophy that many basic principles of geography can be demonstrated and studied on a local levels; and the idea that geography is a dynamic field. The book presents readers with the tools they need to understand current events, decide where to live, seek or build a career, and inform their own political opinions.

The first section of the paper will present and discuss basic ideas that form the foundation of geography; how it is a discipline and what kind of discipline it is, as well as how the concepts inherent to it are measured and studied. The second…. [read more]

Geographies of Global Change Term Paper

… Geographies of Global Change

(1.) Globalization may be understood as Christopherson describes it as a globally-scaled process involved in "the increased international flow of people, commodities, and information" (245). It involves the transformation of worldwide communication and information systems (e-commerce and e-marketing), as the editors of Geographies of Global Change mention, and it "transcends relations between states" so that it is a "trans-state" process dominated by flow rather than place (3). No one doubts that globalization has occurred, but its consequences are often contested. Globalization is sometimes justified on grounds that it brings increased prosperity, justice, development, equality of access to opportunities, and a better quality of life. However, such boons are not in evidence. On the contrary, polarization and inequality has resulted between rich…. [read more]

Economic Geographies of Contemporary Brazil Thesis

… The infrastructure and service was provided for and controlled by the state.

However, this economic system has changed by wide and far and Brazil has warmed up to and embraced capitalism as many other countries have done. This is compliance to the world culture that is postulated in the polity theory. In the new economic system, the investors in Brazil are free to make their own investment decisions and choices according to the changes in the market trends and setting. This has been observed to work for Brazil and they continually borrow a lot from the Western countries in a bid to ensure that their economy is and remains to be strong and prosperous (Ted Goertzel, 2008).

Technically, the world polity refers to the political…. [read more]

Brazilian Ethnic Issues the Racial Research Paper

… Under sociologist Jon Cruz's theory of "ethnosympathy," whites and folks of color in both Brazil and the U.S. would develop "a greater level of identification with and appreciation of each other's experiences" (Daniel, 297).

Brazil and Whiteness

In Elisa Nascimento's book The Sorcery of Color: Identity, Race, and Gender in Brazil, the author goes into great detail to explain to readers that "being a light-skinned person of mixed race is almost equivalent to being white" (Nascimento, 2007, p. 42). That's Nascimento's version of the sorcery of color, and she is quick to point out that in the Brazilian Institute of Geography and Statistics (IBGE), the institution that takes the Brazilian Census, there are two categories for black citizens -- preta (dark skin) and parda (brown…. [read more]

Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes Dissertation

Traditional Southeast Asian Bamboo Flutes: Studies on Origins and History

The study investigates the bamboo flutes found in Southeast Asia, as well as their history and origin. The earliest known extant bamboo flute, a chi, or ancient Chinese flute, from the Zhou Dynasty, discovered in the tomb of Marquis Yi of Zeng, dates from 433 BC. Southeast Asian bamboo flutes, diverse in shape and size, vary in the way musicians play them. During the ethnography, a qualitative study, the researcher utilizes an extensive literature review to explore the development of bamboo flutes in SEA and examines the link between these instruments and music, as well as traditions from and beyond Asia.

As the study focuses on the flutes from three main areas: Mainland…. [read more]

Burger King Case Study

… Burger King Beefs Up Global Operations

Having perfected the relatively complex process of make-to-order and precisely cooked hamburgers to customers' specific requirements, Burger King established itself as a leader in the Quick Serve Restaurant (QSR) industry in the North American market. The concentration on consumers having the opportunity to "have it their way" Burger King was ahead of the mass customization trends now so prevalent throughout many industries that are profitably operating today (Daniels, Radebaugh, Sullivan, 2011). This strategy of mass customization is known for its exceptionally high percentage of variable costs and unpredictability of quality levels due to wide variation of processes in the preparation of food and delivery of services (Taylor, Lyon, 1995). Despite these significant obstacles to making mass customization work in…. [read more]

Change This Study Analyzes Outsourcing Dissertation

… There are a number of forms of outsourcing. The important forms of outsourcing are information technology outsourcing (ITO), business process outsourcing (BPO) and human resources outsourcing (HRO). The concept of outsourcing reveals a number of research steams. The idea of outsourcing is still unchanged due to scientific diversity. Basically outsourcing and mainly offshore outsourcing are known as noticeable strategies (Harland et al., 2005; Jahns et al., 2006; see also Paju, 2007). Idea of outsourcing makes cause of discrepancy between the researcher and practitioner. Primarily, the scholars (Domberger, 1998; Kern et al., 2002; Ring and Van De Ven, 1992) observe that outsourcing is a development and natural continuation to Williamson's (1975, 1979, and 1981) researches and others who work on contract and the transaction cost economics.…. [read more]

What Threat if Any Does the Rise of China Pose for International Order Term Paper

… Rise of China

Much in international relations has changed over the past two decades beginning with the dissolution of the Soviet bloc and the disintegration of the Soviet Union and continuing now with the slow growth of a more open market in China. For decades, both the U.S.S.R. And China were seen as enemies of the West as both were Communist in their orientation, though the two Communist powers did not always g along themselves, a fact which only made them more threatening to much of the rest of the world.. with the dissolution of the Soviet Union, China became the major Communist power in the world, far more of a threat than Cuba, yet treated quite differently than that smaller country. Where America has…. [read more]

Motivations for and Effects of European Colonialism Term Paper

… Motivations for and Effects of European Colonialism in Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa

From the 15th century onward, European colonization of Latin America and Sub-Saharan Africa, respectively, was motivated by economic greed, and (to a lesser extent) by religious zeal on the part of European nations (e.g., Spain in particular) wishing to spread Christianity to "uncivilized" indigenous peoples. As a result of New World colonialism, Spanish influence, for example, is still strongly felt throughout the Americas today, and British; Dutch; French, and Portuguese influence is all still strongly evident within many parts of Africa. Widespread European colonization (and domination) of the two regions was, from the 15th century on, driven neither by intellectual curiosity nor any desire to help or learn from indigenous peoples, but…. [read more]

Colonization of Latin America Research Paper

… Latin America has seen the rise of colonialism in recent times. This has brought on some problems. Colonialism brought to Latin America the quick spread and influence of Christianity into the land, replacing traditional religions. European languages like Spanish, English, Portuguese, Dutch, and French have been introduced to the native people. With immigration from European countries and some Asian countries, millions of natives died and were killed due to the illnesses and diseases brought by the foreigners. Furthermore, a small minority of upper class control/controlled the vast majority of any colony or country's resources through generation of class societies.

Foreign invasion also brought division among numerous tribes from the result of European-generated borders. Lastly, much of the resources existent in Latin America were mined by…. [read more]

Concept of Childhood in South Term Paper

… ¶ … Childhood in South

Childhood Dynamics; Perceptions of Children: Literature Review

Erica Burman: Appealing and Appalling Children, Psychoanalytic Studies

While Burman's title creates a sense that her 14-page research piece in Psychoanalytic Studies will delve in the main on nice and not-so-nice children, a careful read shows that her article is really about adult-child relationships, and adult perceptions of children. The insights that she presents - based on her obviously thorough literature review - provide generous and even provocative food for thought and consumption; some of her material is generalized, and other passages relate specifically to "north" and "south" childhood issues.

She argues on page 285 that current images of the functions of childhood are so "polarized" in our minds that researchers are prevented…. [read more]

Hegemony the Decline of U.S Term Paper

… Hegemony

The Decline of U.S. Hegemony

"The decline of U.S. hegemony will pose dangers for the liberal world. After all, American power has for decades underpinned the global economy and the architecture of international institutions, and promoted gender equality and minority rights. Liberal democracies have thrived in this American-backed order, and so have liberal norms and ideas. They won't do as well when American power and influence decline." Comment on this forecast. How is American preponderance related to liberal norms and ideas? Do you think the existing international order will be significantly transformed by the rise of non-liberal powers? If so, how?

The United States has held the reigns of the global power structure for roughly half a century. After the end of World War…. [read more]

Phoenix Program Term Paper

… ¶ … Phoenix Program Lessons to Iraq

Scope and Significance


The Phoenix Program in Vietnam

Lessons Learned from Phoenix

Applications for Iraq

Selected Bibliography


It is not at all unusual to hear popular comparisons made between the Vietnam War and the current war in Iraq and though most experts see only a casual relationship still others see a comparison that is not only valid but is applicable to the utilization of historical Vietnam tactics and lessons learned from them to formulate reasonable resolutions to the Iraq War. In a collection of essays analyzing the similarities and differences of the Vietnam and Iraq Wars, ed. David Ryan demonstrates that the two wars are very similar in public sentiment…. [read more]

Political Framework of EU Thesis

… As a result, European nations looked forward to developing nations such as Asia, Africa and South America for the purchase of these necessities. For developing nations this was an opportunity to become known as suppliers of grist, therefore, they were willing to enter into this trade agreement. However, what European Leaders wanted was more than a simple trade agreement; their aim was to enforce their rules on these nations, making them colonies of the infinite European empire. Therefore, they entered into the agreement after setting out a lot of rules for the dependent nations to follow. As time passed by, these rules made the European leaders indirectly administer the nation, thus the nations became a part of European empire. History reveals that the imperialism is…. [read more]

Terrorism and Drug Trafficking Capstone Project

… In particular, heroin from Mexico poses a formidable threat throughout Pennsylvania and Delaware, as evidenced by the increasing availability of high purity, low priced heroin and the resulting escalation in abuse, drug treatment admissions, and overdose deaths. This threat is exacerbated by the widely-reported trend of prescription drugs abusers migrating to heroin, seeking a cheaper and more available high. The DEA Philadelphia Division routinely assesses and ranks the drug threats to Philadelphia and the Delaware area as determined by availability, threat to public health, community impact, attendant crime, enforcement activity, seizures, drug abuse and treatment statistics, as well as propensity for abuse. Analysis of these factors, supplemented by investigative reporting, human intelligence, liaison, and open source data, allows for a comprehensive overview of each drug…. [read more]

Crimes of Honor Term Paper

… ¶ … Lynn Welchman and Sara Hossain (2005) who note that misogyny and violence transcend culture. Others, however, state that these crimes are particularly virulent in the backwardness and bigotry of non-Western Islamic civilization. On the one hand, it is certainly true, as Sohail Akbar Warraich observes (in Welchman & Hossain, 2005), that honor killing has been a condition that has characterized both enlightened colonized Pakistan as well as contemporary non-colonialism Pakistan. On the other hand, the fact that, as Welchman and Hossain (2005) note, countries, other than Islamic regions, such as Mexico and Latin America, demonstrate violence and misogyny too - extending and including honor killing- imply that violence may be somehow related to backwardness and certain sentiments towards women. And the more backwards…. [read more]

Retail Branding Term Paper

… Internationalization of Branding in the Retail Industry

In the past few decades, issues surrounding branding in the retail industry have emerged as a significant concern for retailers, consumers, and the fashion industry alike. Organizations are using branding as a strategy tool in today's business environment with increasing regularity. Although brands and branding are not new ideas, retailers are applying them to more diverse settings where the role of branding is becoming increasingly important (Wentz & Suchard, 1993). The traditional role for brands has recently reemerged as a topic of interest, as retailers are increasingly turning toward the internationalization of brands to survive in the highly competitive industry. With the growing realization that brands are one of a retailer's most valuable intangible assets, branding has emerged…. [read more]

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