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Construction Industry in Iran Problems and Possible Solutions Literature Review

… Construction Industry in Iran: Problems and Possible Solutions

The construction industry in Iran has been plagued by problems. The literature that has been created on this issue addresses the issues that Iran is facing in its construction industry, and discusses the major elements that are holding back those who want to build in the country. The delays in construction projects are long, and they are affecting the morale of workers and the patience of people who have contracted their projects out and wish to see them completed. In order to find solutions to the Iranian construction problems, it is first important to analyze all of them individually in order to determine which are the most significant and which are not as important in the overall…. [read more]

Economic Integration of GCC Countries: Latest Developments Since 2010 Essay

… This indicator is inopportune when focusing on other indicators.

There is also a dangerous debt in non-oil producing countries. They have no choice but to implement the policies. Countries like Bahrain, Saudi Arabia, and Oman are facing pressing challenges when it comes to labor. In these countries, national workforce has been rendered inopportune to deliver since foreign labor (with better services at cheaper rates) especially from India and Africa have recently flocked the labor market. Therefore, GCC is currently pursuing policies, which will seek to replace foreign workers with local workers. To accomplish this, GCC is advising member states to pursue a combination of mandatory of market-based and as well, policies which will seek to promote non-oil economic growth.

Although the population of the GCC…. [read more]

Economic Indicators Assessment

… Economic Indicators

Savings Rate

Economic Indicator- the savings rate is the income that is not spent and is instead differed for consumption. In some instances, saving can also include reducing recurring costs such as a cell phone, or cable bill. In essence, individuals preserve money now, for a predetermined use in the future. This money is usually deducted from an individual's disposable income to use for future investment. The savings rate is an economic indicator of individual's propensity to save. This has implications in regards to the overall indebtedness of the nation. It can also indicate the purchasing power available for discretionary purchases.

Rate of Value -- 3.4% as of October 2012

Source of Information -U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis,

"United States Personal Saving Rate."…. [read more]

Economics Essay

… The theory rests on the idea that specialization will allow nations to be more efficient in their production. The sum total of global production will increase if nations undertake some specialization and trade with one another. The simple examples are two country, two product models. Country A in a year can produce 100 bags of potatoes and 50 chickens. Country B. can produce 60 bags of potatoes and 40 chickens. The concept of opportunity cost is then introduced to the model. Country A can outproduce Country B. On both products -- it has competitive advantage in each. But if Country A focuses on potatoes, it can then produce 200 bags of potatoes. Country B. produces 80 chickens when it specializes in chickens. If they each…. [read more]

Economics in Construction Industry Term Paper

… Economics in Construction Industry

Data is very critical in a construction environment, and availability of appropriate statistical data assists policy makers in implementing an effective housing planning and formulates appropriate construction policy for the country. Despite the importance of data for the formulation of construction policy, it is still challenging to source for the appropriate statistical data that could be employed for the formulation of construction policy in many European countries such as France. Unless, there is a way to source for the statistical data, measuring the construction activity in France may be challenging. Typically, there is a need to know the quality output, location activity, and number of skilled and unskilled employees in the construction workforce. It is when the data relating to the…. [read more]

Economic Challenges Canada Term Paper

… Despite major setbacks, the overall economy in Canada has improved in the past few years, especially in 2004. The year 2003 was a particularly weak year as a result of the sharp appreciation of the Canadian dollar and other transitory shocks. According to recent research, the economy is expected to expand by around 31/2 per cent in 2005 (Environmental Practice and Performance of Canadian Business and Industry, 2003). The 2004 budget reflected the federal government's continuing commitment to achieving balanced budgets or better and reducing public debt, a strategy that has met widespread public support. Real GDP rose 3.2% in the third quarter of 2004 following a 3.9% gain in the second quarter (The Economy in Brief, Department of Finance Canada, 2004). Domestic demand grew…. [read more]

Economic Miracle Post War Term Paper

… Economic Miracle: Japan 1946-1973

Japan lies in the Eastern Coast of Asia between the Pacific Ocean and the Sea of Japan (Ministry of Foreign Affairs 2007). Its total land area is roughly 378,000 square kilometers. It consists of Hokkaido in the North, Honshu at the center, and Shikoku and Kyushu in the South (Ministry of Foreign Affairs). Japan at present competes for world leadership in terms of GDP per capita and wage per hour with the United States (Luu et al. 1996). In comparison, Japan's GNP at about $34,000 is higher than the U.S.A.'s only $25,000. Japan's wage per hour is roughly $16 compared to only $12 of the U.S. These figures demonstrate that Japan is 35-45% ahead of the U.S.A. (Luu et al.). This…. [read more]

Economics of Peru Thesis

… Economics of Peru

The focus of this work is examining Peru's economic state and to conduct an analysis which determines the optimal direction that Peru should take in country development in the near future to optimize the country's economy. This study reviews an extensive base of literature and states suggestions and indications for the country of Peru and the initiative to further develop support and boost the country's economy.


The objective of this work is to examine the economics of Peru and the challenges faced by this economy in terms of future current global economics and financial challenges. Ultimately, this work will state economic policy guidelines and describe alternative actions or solutions along with the implications of the economic situation of that…. [read more]

Economic Indicators the Change Essay

… Beginning in early 2008, non-farm payroll numbers dropped every month, with the worst drops coming at the end of 2008 and beginning of 2009. Non-farm payrolls continued dropping month-over-month through the beginning of 2010, when payrolls began to gain numbers again. In the last 7 months shown, which include the last half of 2010 and first month of 2011, non-farm payrolls rose steadily, whereas the prior year showed both ups and downs. Like other measures, the non-farm payroll data suggests that the economy is growing stronger, as shown through the numbers of non-farm jobs being added.

The unemployment rate in the United States remains high and was close to 9% at the beginning of 2011. The rate has not changed much since rising above 9%…. [read more]

Economic Impact of Katrina Impact of Hurricane Term Paper

… Economic Impact of Katrina

Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Job Market and Economy Both Locally and Federally

What is the overall impact of Hurricane Katrina on labor markets in affected areas and how that affected both local and the national economy?

When Hurricane Katrina slammed into the Gulf coast, it left behind many lasting affects. Aside from the horrendous loss of life, the Hurricane left behind devastation and destruction of unprecedented amounts. There are two primary arguments concerning the impact of Katrina on employment and the Labor Market in the south and in the nation. The first scenario only considers the loss of business in the area. The other considers the need to rebuild, creating a surge in the construction industry. This research will explore…. [read more]

Home Industry Term Paper

… Home Industry

There are a number of factors facing home builders that affect the home building industry in unique ways that other industries do not have to concern themselves with. On the reverse side, however, the home building industry also affects the economy and job markets more so than probably any other industry. Researching the components of the home building industry, therefore, should take into account the position assumed by such an influential industry.

One of the factors most prevalent in the industry is that it is closely linked to the investment community, and that Wall Street and the Federal Reserve Bank keeps a very close eye on what is taking place within the industry. Recently the Federal Reserve lowered key interest rates to allow…. [read more]

Economic Crisis 2008-2009 Research Paper

… Credit is a tool that can be quite beneficial for the economy if used smartly. It can become the basis of expansion or the start for a business. This will eventually lead to a generation of employment opportunities for people. It is also used to buy necessities and luxuries of life. To produce all this, people will be employed and this will again create employment opportunities. But in the last decade, the amount of credit in the U.S. economy was not checked and regulated properly which led to serious problems.

The middle men who were actually the brokers for the mortgages decided who got the loans and they had the responsibility of passing these loans to other people as mortgage backed assets after keeping a…. [read more]

Economic Situation Essay

… Economic Situation

Cobb, Halstead and Rowe outline a system of economic measurement called the Genuine Progress Indicator (GPI). They argue that the traditional measure of GDP is not an accurate reflection of genuine progress as a society. The GDP measures the value of transactions, but Cobb et al. argue that GDP does not include value judgment. In other words, by focusing on the GDP society and the politicians place emphasis on generating transactions rather than on generating that which is valuable to society. The GPI is essentially an adjustment of GDP to factor in activities that are counted in the GDP calculation but are do not contribute to the betterment of society; and does count those activities that are not counted in GDP but do…. [read more]

Economic Growth GDP Comparison: Italy Essay

… Economic Growth

GDP Comparison: Italy vs. The United States

The global economic crisis has been affecting almost all of the nations of the developed world. However, despite the fact that the source of the downturn is largely thought to have begun in the United States credit market, all of the countries of the European Union have become mired in the recession more quickly and more deeply than the nation from which the crisis originated (Pfanner 2009)."The economy of the 16 countries sharing the euro currency declined by 1.5% in the fourth quarter, according to the European Union's statistics office. That is even worse than the 1% decline in the United States economy during that period, compared with the previous quarter" (Pfanner 2009). On an annualized…. [read more]

Economic Economists Prefer to Advance Term Paper

… Improving the choices of traditional planners are considered as a problem of bringing more knowledge to make decisions on the individual choices of methods for achieving each task, and this has proved difficult as increasing complexity of the activity requires taking a larger and larger perspective in these choices (Kornai, 78-83).

In contrast, the advantage of the market-guided approach is that it provides a means for constructing comprehensive perspectives quickly using only application of the knowledge local to each method, with iterative adjustment of prices.

Thus in the market-guided approach, no one needs know everything; the real knowledge is in the local methods, and the global market mechanisms serve only to combine the results of this knowledge in summary form. In sum, we believe that…. [read more]

Economics Discuss the Alternative Theories Term Paper

… The single seller of a unique good with no close substitutes, a monopoly firm essentially has no competition. The demand for a monopoly firm's output is THE market demand. This gives the firm extensive market control -- the ability to control the price and/or quantity of the good sold -- making a monopoly firm a price maker. However, while a monopoly can control the market price, it cannot charge more than the maximum demand price that buyers are willing to pay. A Monopoly is the sole seller of a product without close substitutes. Monopoly is rare because there is only one seller of particular good or service

Close substitutes available as well as the fact that own-price elasticity is relatively small. The firm's demand elasticity…. [read more]

South Korean & German Trade Show Industry Dissertation

… Trade Show Industry in Germany and South Korea

Trade as Marketing and Communication

Area of Study

Study Components

The History of Trade

History of Trade Shows

Patterns of Trade Shows

Marketing Theories

Trade Shows and Market Entry

Development of the Trade Show Industry

Contributions of the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Processes in the Trade Show Industry

Marketing Planning and Tactical Considerations in the Trade Show Industry

Qualitative vs. Quantitative Research

Data Analysis Plan


Equity Analysis the Industry Term Paper

… Equity Analysis

The industry that I have chosen is the Home Improvement Store industry. The five largest companies in this space are Home Depot, Lowe's, Lumber Liquidators, Builders FirstSource and Orchard Supply Hardware. The largest two of these by market cap account for most of the industry's total market cap. Both Home Depot and Lowe's are mass market retailers with a cost leadership strategy and national scope.

Home Depot has a share price of $60.96. It has the broadest geographic scope because of a small number of international operations (Canada, Puerto Rico). Home Depot's revenue is increasing steadily, as is its net income. Those are encouraging signs, because investors need to see future growth potential. All firms in the industry have their growth potential tied…. [read more]

WTO as the Worldwide Economic Essay

… Cost to Consumers

The negative costs of stagnant negotiations and an ineffective Doha round to consumers is both indirect and direct. The direct costs of course come in higher priced goods because those firms with comparative advantage may be denied entry into the home market (Guzman & Pauwelyn, 2009, pp. 11-15). The indirect cost is centered on the loss of entire markets due to unsettled disputes among nations. The economic costs of failed negotiations which weaken the WTO's ability to remain the premiere arbiter of trade disputes will introduce gross inefficiencies into the global market. The kinds which are not easily resolved as nations begin to identify alternatives to the dispute resolution process of the WTO. The WTO's dispute resolution process will not be available…. [read more]

Economic Conditions and General Dynamics Term Paper

… Since the 1980s, they have risen and moved further away from normal ratios. The female illiteracy rate has been consistently higher than that of men. About 70% of China's 140 million estimated illiterates are women, concentrated in the economically underdeveloped rural regions.


World growth is forecast to begin recovering from the recession in 2002, with the world GDP will rise by 2.5% in real terms, purchasing power parity rates, before growing by 4.1% in 2003. The U.S. economy has passed its low point and will recover later in 2002. The OECD economies, which are key destinations for China's merchandise exports, are expected to lead the world economic upturn. World trade growth will accelerate from just 0.9% in 2002 to 7% in 2003. Global inflation…. [read more]

Banking Sample the Banking Industry Essay

… The company currently is the most liquid large bank in the nation. It also has one of the highest tier 1 capital ratios in the industry. The company has already complied with Basel requirements for capital ratios over 3 years ahead of schedule. This is important, as the company begins to prove it has the liquidity necessary to withstand another shock to the financial system. With high capital ratios, the company can remain in operation even during periods of extreme stress. The company as indicated in its annual report is very well positioned for profitability in the future. It has divested non-core assets, increased capital ratios, streamlined processes, and is more transparent than over before. Through its reliance on cross sell, the company can leverage…. [read more]

South Africa Is the Economic Leader Term Paper

… South Africa is the economic leader in the continent in terms of industrial output and mineral production (Brand South Africa 2012). It produces a large part of the electricity in Africa. Its natural resources are robust. Its financial, legal, communication, energy and transport sectors are well in place and delivering. Its stock exchange ranks within the top 20 in the world. It boasts of a modern infrastructure, which efficiently sustains the distribution of goods throughout the region. Its legal framework is world-class and progressive. Its financial system is equally efficient and sophisticated. Its banking sector ranks among the top 10 in the world with regulations likewise rated as world-class. These features demonstrate that South Africa is more than an important and emerging economy but also…. [read more]

Construction Industry in Iran Problems and Possible Solutions Discussion Chapter

… Construction Discussion

Clearly, a great deal of planning, effort, and careful coordination will be necessary in order to achieve real and meaningful changes in the Iranian construction industry, and it is not at all clear that practical solutions can be developed to addressed all of the identified problems. Cultural issues as well as ongoing long-term economic trends in the country will continue to plague the construction industry with secondary problems that limit the capacity for real growth and production in the industry, and Iran's isolation in the geopolitical sphere is not conducive to quick improvements or changes in many of these underlying problems. At the same time, there is a substantial demand for construction in Iran as the country continues to modernize in certain respects,…. [read more]

Construction Industry in Iran Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions Case Study

… Construction Industry in Iran - Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions

The Construction Industry in Iran: Current Obstacles and Possible Solutions

Case Studies

The construction industry in Iran has many problems, but there are also chances to see solutions presented. Some of the areas where difficulties are currently being seen include economic issues and financing, building materials, education, international sanctions, design, how construction operates, & civil rights. However, when it comes to these problems, there are people in the construction industry in countries other than Iran who have successfully corrected these kinds of problems, and/or avoided them. Examined here will be case studies that relate to these issues, and the ways in which some of them were (and could be) solved both now and in the…. [read more]

Economies of the UAE Economics Research Paper

… The recent events of Arab Spring and rising conflicts among the regional countries has required the government to take initiatives for improvement in infrastructure for creating employment opportunities in the states. The improvement of educational sector as well as reforms in the government structure is also helpful in reducing political instability particularly in UAE.

The short-term prospects of the economy are dependent on the favorable conditions in the region as well as the oil prices stability. The stability in oil prices and increase of activity in the global economy can create growth opportunities for UAE to generate business activity. The government is interested in developing free economic zones across the region. These economic zones are important developments as they are creating activity for local and…. [read more]

Impact of Global Economic Crisis on the Nigerian Business Environment Research Proposal

… ¶ … Global Economic Crisis on the Nigerian Business Environment

Nigeria is a land of stark contrasts, a country in which the extremely wealthy live together with the starving individuals. This is highly intriguing in a context in which the country's economy is one to reveal the highest growth rates. The aim of this paper is to assess the business environment in Nigeria and to answer several questions relative to the impact the contemporaneous economic crisis has had upon the Nigerian business environment.

General Description of the Nigerian Business Environment

In terms of measured gross domestic product for 2008, Nigeria is ranked as the 34th largest economy of the globe, with a GDP of $338.1 billion. Business operations in the African country are primarily focused…. [read more]

China and India: Rapid Economic Essay

… Without its birth control policies -- each couple is allowed one child, with penalties assessed for families that have two or more children -- the authors project that instead of the 1.27 billion people (United Nations), China would have more like 1.6 billion people (Tyers, 593). What the slow-down in births means in the future is a reduction of the labor force. And even though India "is also aging," India's most popular age groups "…are very young, and as these groups age, they raise the labor force participation rate and the crude birth rate" (Tyers, 599). Hence, during the time China's labor force will not show a great deal of growth, India's labor force is expected to rise by half, the authors explain.

That said,…. [read more]

Principal-Agent Model in Economics Dissertation

… The entire implementation procedure was accomplished in twelve sequential steps, staring mainly from the reduction and the removal of the customs and import quotas among the trading coalition. The Tunisia-EU free area trading agreement after affects and whereabouts are discussed in order to explore the findings about the research question that is the impact of the Tunisia-EU agreement on the trading patterns of Tunisia.

Literature Review

The international political perspectives of free trade

A Global Analysis

The growth of world trade has consistently outstripped rates of world output in post-war years, a trend that has continued to play a key role in the internationalization of economic activity and to deepen global inter-dependence of regions and nations. In 1994 world trade was valued at $5.14 trillion,…. [read more]

Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq Literature Review

… Role of Private Investment on Economic Development in Iraq

Private investment in developing countries

An overview on early Empirical studies

In 1980s, the developing countries encountered some increment in their development behaviours with debt crisis, which affected the formation of capital. Concurrently, the affected countries were transforming from the post-era to a structural reform efforts. In mid 1980s, the developing countries adopted the reform programs within the new paradigms (Serven&Salimano, 1993) & (Jaspersen, Aylward&Sumlinski, 1970). Consequently, this led to the formation of environmental private sector that highly relied on the existing market. The formation and implementation of the new policies affected the availability of response to the private investments. The debt crisis lowered the private investments within the developing countries and this disheartened them. The…. [read more]

Finance One Difference Between Industries Multiple Chapters

… DQ1, Chapter 5, 6. Investors are seldom made whole with the "make whole" provision. A premium of 0.4% over Treasury is not consistent with the risk level of the firm. The YTM on the bond will reflect the actual credit quality of the bond, but ECY is not nearly large enough to have AAA credit, so the make whole provision does not apply a significant enough risk premium to the bonds -- the investors are not entirely made whole.

7. I would recommend regular coupon issue for a couple of reasons. The first is that the company raises more money in the short run, though it pays out more in interest down the road. However, regular coupon bonds are also more common and therefore have…. [read more]

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