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Effect of Automation on Situational Awareness in Flight Operations Research Paper

… ¶ … automation on situational awareness in multi-crew air carrier flight operations. The article begins with a discussion of the concept of situational awareness with regards to its link to operational functions, especially in the aviation industry. This is followed by an analysis of automation of flight operations in light of the use of information technologies in enhancing the safety and efficiency of flight operations. After an analysis of automation of flight operations, the author evaluates the effects of automation on flight operations. The analysis of the effects focuses on both the positive and negative effects of automation on situational awareness. The paper concludes with an analysis of the positive and negative effects of the use of automation and information technologies on situational awareness.

The…. [read more]

Aviation Accidents & Situational Awareness Dissertation

… High Reliability or Normal Accidents: A critical examination of situational awareness and its value in reducing human errors in aviation ground operations


The concept of situational awareness

Level 1 SA -- Perception Of The Elements In The Environment.

Level 2 SA -- Comprehension Of The Current Situation.

Level 3 SA -- Projection Of Future Status.

Situation Awareness Requirements

Theories of Situational Awareness

Three-level model

Interactive sub-systems

The perceptual cycle

Summary of the theories

Preparing for thematic synthesis


Qualitative assessment

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Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) and Human Error Literature Review

… ¶ … Human Factors affecting safe operation of the Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

In this chapter, we will examine the various sources that discuss different factors affecting the safe operation of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). This will be accomplished by look at a variety of information that will discuss what is happening not only with the Air Force, but other branches inside the Department of Defense (DOD). Once this occurs, it will provide specific insights about what precise factors are affecting the safe operation of this kind of aircraft and the role that it playing in supporting the demands of the military.

Human Errors

The piece of literature that was written by Thompson (2005), discusses the number of human and mechanical errors that are occurring…. [read more]

Aviation and Human Factor Essay

… Aviation Mishap Analysis

The previous section described some of the theoretical perspectives of human error and human error modeling. This section describes the application of these systems to accident investigation -- specifically aviation mishaps. Several examples of initiatives to apply human error theory to accident investigation and mitigation are described in the literature. A few are presented below;

A combined government and industry effort undertaken in the U.K. developed the Human Factors Investigation Tool (HFIT). Gordon and Means (2005, 147) describe the intent of this tool was to, "improve investigation of the human factors causes of accidents in the offshore oil and gas industry." HFIT incorporated four types of human factors information to include "(a) the action errors occurring immediately prior to the incident, (b)…. [read more]

Flight Data Recorder Research Paper

… The FDPs were interconnected so that data on flights leaving a center's area would be passed automatically to the next center or terminal facility in line. FDPs also generated data for aircraft "tags" on controller plan view displays (PVD). Sector controllers continued to store the flight strips, annotate and move them to remind them of their flights' progress and requirements. Hopkin ( 2004) discussed the assistance that manual handling and marking of flight strips provides to controllers. He pointed out the information that adjacent sector controllers obtain simply by glancing at another sector's strip bay, the ability to re-sort the strips to take account of changes in traffic flow, and so on. Controllers have shaped this tool, as humans always do, to serve their needs.…. [read more]

Advanced Principles in Marketing Essay

… Promotion mix adopted by the company will encompass five key aspects including advertising, personal selling, sales promotion, public relations, and direct marketing.

Marketing Research:

The success of the business will largely rely on the depth of market research conducted to ascertain the prevailing opportunities and threats in the marketplace. The market research will allow the company to enter into a new market, launch its product, promote its brand awareness, and gain insights on the effective strategies for improving consumer service. The research will adopt the use of different approaches such as explorative, descriptive, and investigative approaches. Explorative approach aims at generating information used to gain understanding of the performance and prevailing conditions in the market. Descriptive approach will measure the quantities of goods sold and…. [read more]

Importance of Standard Phraseology in Aviation Research Proposal

… ¶ … Phraseology is Vital for Aviation Pilots & Controllers

Proper pilot/controller phraseology proves to be a vital aspect in the aviation community.

Proper Phraseology (~4 pages)

Basic Concept of Pilot/Controller Phraseology

Traffic, eleven o'clock, one zero miles, southbound, converging...," one of a myriad of phrases that mirrors some of the current words and phrases (phraseology) pilots and air traffic controllers routinely use, also reflects the idea pilots/controllers need to be able to read, speak, write, and understand (communicate) to effectively understand each other. The development of international air traffic control (ATC) rules to address language and pilots' needs to communicate dates back to 1922. According to current Federal Aviation Regulations, pilots certificate applicants must be able to read, speak, write, and understand English (Ruiz,…. [read more]

Marketing Plan for Combined Home Essay

… d.).

Secondly, the business objectives include growth of the company and initiatives to become the leading distributor of both home and cell phones. These objectives will be achieved through enhanced marketing efforts, increased telemarketing initiatives, and expanded market area and reach. Third, as part of initiatives to reach the general user and personal user customer segments, the firm seeks to differentiate its products from those of other players in the telecommunications industry. These market segments will consist of initiatives that seek to raise annual sales of approximately $5 million. Fourth, the use of product differentiation strategy will incorporate versatility, convenience, and value-added devices for general and personal use by different customers.

Marketing Strategy:

Through the marketing mix, the marketing strategy will incorporate offering products with…. [read more]

Radio Altimeter Effectiveness and Cfit Term Paper

… Ratan Khatwa, a senior flight-deck research engineer at Honeywell Aerospace Electronic Systems. (Gold, 2001) He said circumstances that contributed to high safety risk during approaches and/or landings were found in many events audited in a study aimed at reducing ALA's. The study found that over 50% of fuselage loss incident were caused by ALA's, and that over 50% of these accidents involved aircraft which did not have GPWS systems installed.

Noting human mistakes, outside influences and "undesired aircraft states" that contributed to unstable approaches, Khatwa said such "behavioral markers" were present in almost one-fifth of 4,000 non-accident flights by six operators covered in the study. The markers included:

Procedural errors and violations.

Aircraft mishandling.

Threats from weather and terrain.

ATC events.

Aircraft path or speed…. [read more]

Singapore Airlines Dissertation

… Learning & Development: A case of Transfer of Learning for Cabin Crews at Singapore Airlines 15/04/2015

Executive Summery

This is a study that delves into the issue of the transfer if learning from training programs for newly recruited cabin crews in Singapore airline. The study was conducted based on primary and secondary data. Primary data was collected from a survey among the trainee cabin crews of the airline as well as from line managers, service managers and training managers. The study reveals that there is a general lack of transfer among the cabin crew in the airline. The study has indicated a general lack of transfer of learning in Singapore Airlines as is evident from the survey and interviews as well as study of literature.…. [read more]

Worst Faults a Military Leader Research Paper

… There was a comforting presumption that neither nation-state wished to be annihilated. However, this same comfort is not offered when combating terrorists who are willing to die for their cause. Also, versus apparent logical self-interest, terrorist groups are not necessarily associated with a national cause (or only diffusely, as with Palestinian statehood) and may simply attack for attention rather than to achieve a predictable objective. Attempting to 'shift gears' to acknowledge and deal with this reality has been challenging for U.S. military leaders. Even when waging war in Iraq and Afghanistan, the military has had to cope with the threat of non-state actors who perceive their needs very differently than a conventional opposing army.

A subcomponent of the dangerous fault of 'fighting the last war'…. [read more]

Airline Crew Fatigue an Airline Safety Program Term Paper

… Airline Crew Fatigue

An Airline Safety Program for Crew Fatigue

"Acme Airlines" (Acme Air) is a mid-sized regional carrier, for the purposes of this paper, that has undertaken to establish a "Crew Fatigue Prevention Program." Management has taken this action pursuant to safety concerns occasioned by several reported Acme Air crew-fatigue incidents and by recent tragic accident events at other regional airlines. Economic pressures have recently caused Acme Air to assign its nonunion crews (especially flight attendants) to multiple consecutive legs in an effort to cut overhead costs.

In the course of its safety review, four important new policies were adopted. First, management determined that flight attendant fatigue data needs to be collected from actual Acme Air operating environments. While some international airlines have been…. [read more]

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