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Children Being Raised by Stepparents That Are Not of the Same Race or Culture Term Paper

… Children Raised by Stepparents

Of Different Race Or Culture

This work in research investigates the inherent problems that exist in families characterized by parents and stepparents of a biracial union, or of a union that is characterized by diversity in terms of ethnicity, cultural, or religious differences or the diverse households headed by lesbian or gay parents. The conceptual framework of this research is the socio-cultural theory of Tharp and the Spheres of Influence as proposed in the work of Epstein. The literature review in this work notes that there is very little subject matter in this area and this study concludes that longitudinal research is critically needed in this subject area for the purpose of gaining an understanding of the challenges faced by these…. [read more]

Child Abuse in Literature Essay

… David never got the services he, as a child needed.

Particularly, David experienced severe physical abuse, "another blow pushes my head against the tile counter top. I let the tears of mock defeat stream down my face as she storms out of the kitchen, seemingly satisfied with herself" (Pelzer 1993, p.4). According to chapter 5 of Crosson-Tower (2009), physical abuse of a child is an occurrence described through consideration of total social context with emphasis on certain aspects. Physical abuse as a result of an intricate web of variables, factors and attitudes, "Physical abuse is behavior that results from a complex web of attitudes, variables, and factors" (Crosson-Tower 2009, p.102). While it is not easy to predict correctly, which family is abusive, anger, stress, annoyance…. [read more]

Deployments and Children Term Paper

… " (Gibbs, 2007) These insights are showing how the attitudes of the parents and the environment will have an impact on if the child is able to adjust with the deployment.

Furthermore, Gorman (2010) is supporting these views with him saying, "Older children and children with military fathers and married parents had larger increases in rates of mental and behavioral health visits during parental deployments. In contrast, the overall outpatient rate and rates of visits for other diagnoses decreased when a parent was deployed. Mental and behavioral health visits increased by 11% in these children when a military parent deployed; behavioral disorders increased 19% and stress disorders increased 18%. Rates especially increased in older children and children of married and male military parents." (Gorman, 2010)…. [read more]

Effect of Family Structure on Children in as I Lay Dying Research Proposal

… Family Dysfunction, Economic Distress, and Sexual Tension in as I Lay Dying

William Faulkner's As I Lay Dying presents the story of the poor and dysfunctional Bundren family in Mississippi, as they take their deceased wife and mother, Addie, from their home to a town that lays a day's ride away for burial. It is told in a number of narratives from different characters who take part in the story, including family members and townsfolk. The stream of conscious style of storytelling relays an intriguing blend of honesty, brutality, and weirdness that is characteristic of many of Faulkner's tales of the South. Each chapter presents a piece of a puzzle that must be put together in the reader's mind in order to get a clear…. [read more]

Behavioral and Long-Term Effects Essay

… Parents assume that an erring child violates rules of conduct and need to be punish as soon as possible. This urgency or act that spanking or corporal punishment demands diminish the value of internalization and understanding of the moral lesson that children should learn. Children usually defend themselves from the violent act therefore, loses the chance on reflecting the inappropriate behavior.

3. Increased of aggression consistently appeared as behavioral manifestation of children associated with frequent corporal punishment. What is troubling is that parents use aggression to end agression. This does not seemed logical or proper. There is also an observed increased in misbehavior among children spanked or punished, suggesting that corporal punishment perpetuate misbehavior other than decreasing its tendencies.

4. Antisocial behaviors are higher in…. [read more]

Family Law Essay

… Family Law

Strictly fault-based divorce has given way to no-fault divorce or some variation thereof, in the vast majority of states. Yet, even in no-fault divorce, states require couples to jump through many hoops to obtain a divorce decree. Many times, these obstacles are intended to lead to reconciliation, for example the requirement that the court finds irreconcilable differences in order to grant a divorce. Do you think that this makes sense or should the court permit people who no longer wish to be married to obtain a divorce?

No, the states making many couples go through different obstacles to obtain a no fault divorce is contradictory. The reason why, is because these kinds of divorces were intended to prevent someone from lying about something…. [read more]

Families, Delinquency, and Crime Term Paper

… Families, Delinquency, And Crime

There are several theories that have been suggested to explain juvenile delinquency. In fact, almost every theory of social interaction could be said to describe the cause of delinquent behavior. However, some theories appear to have more merit than others, because they take help explain why some children become delinquent in certain home environments, while other children do not become delinquent, despite coming from a similar environment. One theory that helps explain the difference is the coercion model of delinquent behavior, which is largely based on the theory of mutual training. Parenting with consequences is one way that people suggest to avoid raising a delinquent; however the theory of mutual training recognizes that adults, as well as children, are affected by…. [read more]

Meagans Law Meagan's Law Questions and Answers Essay

… Meagans Law

Meagan's law

Questions and Answers: Meagan's law

Questions and Answers: Meagan's law

Interviewing children requires a unique set of skills to accurately assess but at the same time, not re-traumatize the child. Discuss some of the finer points in interviewing a child. What must be considered to insure that the material uncovered will be helpful to the case?

One of the primary activities of child abuse or neglect examinations involves having to interview children, parents, and others who may have information that can help the case. Interviews with the children can be done to be able to gather information for calculations or to put together evidence; the latter are what people called forensic interviews. Some of the finer points of interviewing the child…. [read more]

Family by Applying Theories Case Study

… Social systems -- the elusive combination of incomes, education, social class, occupation, etc. plays a very great role towards the provision or achievement of health and the well-being of a family. For instance if a family comes from a poor social class, it is unlikely to afford proper health care due to financial constraints. It is the same case; a family that comes from a good social class will be in position to obtain health care no matter the cost.

Despite recent and great innovations and improvements in public health, poverty continues to weaken the psychical and emotional health of a large number of families, and serious racial and ethnic health disparities persists. Families with low income have low access to adequate health care and…. [read more]

Family Abuse on Children Term Paper

… These companies have achieved this by operating child care centers (Harris, 1993, p. 429-433).

However, working towards the economic and material well-being of all sections of society is not the only magic bullet needed to ensure that children are brought up in a caring, non-abusive family environment. For, as observed earlier, cultural norms need to be taken into consideration as well. The fact is that society and culture, in many ways almost glorifies violence. One only needs to watch a few hours of television, or read a few best sellers to take cognizance of the fact. Indeed, adults and children alike are constantly being exposed to violence in one form or the other. While, no doubt, a democratic society must allow for freedom of expression,…. [read more]

Child Custody Family Law Thesis

… This is employed as an alternative to having a child testify directly. The therapist cannot testify on behalf of the child, but can account to the court his interpretation of information gathered from sessions with the child. Psychologists must not give opinions regarding the physiological functioning of individuals who they have not personally evaluated, which implies that the therapist cannot give an opinion of the parents of children if they have not evaluated the parent's themselves. A few ways in which information is gathered includes in-home visits, one on one sessions, and observational methods; or any combination of the various techniques.

The use of counseling is a topic of heated debate with both serious ethical and financial concerns. Some claim counseling is ineffective because children…. [read more]

Sexual Child Abuse Term Paper

… Eating complaints are frequent, as well as suicide and dejection, running away from home, and engaging into relationships that are more abusive is also common.

In the end, the child victim may become child abusers themselves, or, paradoxically, prostitutes. The only bodily damages that a child gets are modifications in the genital or anal area. The child may make declarations that their bodies are hurt or dirty...throughout their entire lives. Some common characteristics are, seductive behavior, secretiveness, violence, fear of intimacy, self-destruction, and finally, separation and/or alienation. Despite the fact that those physical damages can be severe, they can be healed, while the psychological scars could last a lifetime.

Laws that have been Passed to Reduce Child Abuse

Megans Law

The parents of 7-year-old Megan…. [read more]

Black's Law Dictionary ), Child Abuse Essay

… ¶ … Black's Law Dictionary (1991), child abuse is "any form of cruelty to a child's physical, moral or mental well-being. Also used to describe form of sexual attack which may or may not amount to rape. Such acts are criminal offenses in most states" (p. 239). By contrast, the legal definition of abused and neglected children describes children who "are suffering serious physical or emotional injury inflicted upon them including malnutrition" (p. 11). The first step in providing social service treatment to physically abusive families is therefore to ensure the physical safety of the children involved (Herschell & McNeil, 2005). This response, typically from the law enforcement community, can range along the entire continuum of severity, up to and including incarceration of the offending…. [read more]

Parent Education Program Children Essay

… To counterbalance such risky behaviors, professionals develop parent education programs that provide methods that limits teen are the chances of risky conducts (Bavolek, 2005).


The major elements of well-assessed or evidence-based programs serve as principles for the design, implementation, and valuation of parent education programs. Programs focused on achieving quality practices in parent education programs consider both the program and population characteristics. By adhering to the quality practices in parent education programs, practitioners can enhance their opportunities of delivering programs that will anchor parenting and improve the welfare of the children. Implementation of established programs requires caring and skilled staffs with positive parent-child relationships and children's growth (Barth, et al., 2005).


Armstrong, M.I., Birnie-Lefcovitch, S., & Ungar, M.T. (2005). Pathways between social support,…. [read more]

How Does Family Structure Influences Children Importance in Education and Self-Esteem? Research Proposal

… Family Structure Influence on Children's Importance In Education And Self-esteem

Family structure may be defined as the parents and their relationships to the children in that home. It refers to the recurring interaction patterns within a family that define how family members relate to one another and the outside world, and what activities members engage in. The functionality of family structure is determined by the degree of permanence and of flexibility -- not necessarily by some preferred or optimal configuration of the family, though that can be a strong influence as well. (McAdams, Foster, Dotson-Blake, & Brendel, 2008)

There is no doubt in most expert opinion that this structure and the proper application of it determine the outcomes of children's lives. A family structure can…. [read more]

Keeping it All in the Family Case Study

… For example, adults are generally wary of situations that repeatedly locate children in a private or intimate environment -- even within their own homes ("Child Welfare Gateway," Finkelhor, 1984). To put this in concrete terms, the Renata Steigenberger could reasonably have been expected to notice that one after another of her daughters would end up at home alone with their father ("Child Welfare Gateway," Finkelhor, 1984). The mother could also reasonably be expected to notice that her husband favored one daughter over another, encouraging her to go places with him and attend to his personal needs ("Child Welfare Gateway," Finkelhor, 1984). For instance, Angie commented that she would get her father's slippers, tie his tuxedo tie, compliment his appearance, and the like.

Apparently, the Elijah…. [read more]

Social Causes of Child Abuse Term Paper

… ¶ … child abuse in the United States. Specifically it will discuss the social causes of child abuse. Child abuse is one of the country's most pervasive problems, and it occurs for a number of reasons. Many abusers come from families with histories of abuse, many others abuse children for a variety of reasons outside themselves. Many studies show there are several social causes of child abuse, and there are four basic types of abusers. By understanding what triggers child abuse, experts can also understand and develop more ways to help stop child abuse. They can also learn how to identify abusers before they begin their patterns of harm and abuse.

A brief history of child abuse indicates that the problem was "discovered" in the…. [read more]

Family Therapy Term Paper

… ¶ … Parent Trap 1 and 2" is a movie that depicts a family that would benefit from family counseling. Using Bowen's Family Systems Therapy and McGoldric's Ethnicity and Family Therapy, the following essay outlines the cultural and social contributors to this family's issues. Drawing on the theoretical approaches covered in this course, the following is a 15-page analysis of the family dynamics and structures that are causing the presenting problems. It provides ample examples and explain relevant theoretical notions. It also describes the strengths and resources that would enable this family to tackle these issues more effectively. Finally, it develops and justifies three culturally sensitive therapeutic interventions: family intervention, dyad, and individual.

I decided to use the "Parent Trap" since it revolves around a…. [read more]

Effects on Children in Dysfunctional Families Thesis

… ¶ … Children in Dysfunctional Families

The significant depth and breadth of research and literature, the movies and television specials, the discussion on talk shows on the topic of the negative effects of dysfunctional families upon children shows that they are myriad and all certainly damaging to not only the children, but their parents, extended families, friends and communities. A dysfunctional family has the power to absolutely destroy a child's life both physically and emotionally and, as such, it can extend its problems like a cancerous growth outside the boundaries of the home. The children of dysfunctional families are of a significantly greater risk for academic, social, emotional, and mental problems, they are more likely to become abusive towards others, more likely to become self-destructive,…. [read more]

Adult Children of Alcoholic Parents Term Paper

… In his Adult Children of Alcoholics, Steve Frisch, a mental health professional clinical psychologist, indicates the following as a statement from an adult child of alcoholic parents.

We have feelings of low self-esteem that cause us to judge ourselves and others without mercy. We cover up or compensate by trying to be perfect, take responsibility for others, attempt to control the outcome of unpredictable events, get angry when things don't go our way, or gossip instead of confronting an issue.

In peer relationships, some adult children of alcoholics try to become the consultant of problems. Others, on the other hand, try to hide their family's situations by not allowing friends to come over or visit in the house. Denial of problems often becomes the peer…. [read more]

Psyco-Social Dynamics of Alcoholic Addiction Research Paper

… The final perspective is that marital discord between the husband and the wife cause one of them to drink. In certain instances, however, there are simply marital problems between the two regardless of the alcohol, (Janzen 35). As such, in these marriages the union between the partners might serve as the source of alcoholism.

Perhaps the psycho-social dynamics of the alcoholic either himself or herself are the most important ones in addressing how those dynamics affect the other family members. In instances in which just one of the parents is an alcoholic, such a parent is ultimately the source of disorganization and dysfunction that encompasses his or family. Part of the treatment for getting these individuals to stop such behavior involves family therapy in which…. [read more]

Adolescent Depression the Family Term Paper

… al., 1986 in Walker (1986)). Identified several biological, personality, and familial characteristics that may mean a youth has a greater chance of developing adolescent depression. Learning to recognize the signs of trouble are the keys to preventing or helping to alleviate adolescent depression before they become problematic. This may seem like a reversion to the stereotypical "at-risk" child identified earlier. However, this study was much more comprehensive and stressed the point that an individual's ability to deal with stress was more important than any one factor identified. It also stressed that one or a combination of these factors needed to be present to produce depression in some individuals. It was a step forward from previous studies.

Stress and depression should be taken seriously. Approximately 39%…. [read more]

Glass Castle, Jeannette Walls Book Report

… Jeannette is particularly interested in social acceptance and she feels that it would be impossible for someone like her mother or her father to be accepted by a demanding society that is unwilling to understand people's behavior as long as they are unwilling to put across socially accepted behavior. One can even say that the professor was a hypocrite at the time when she asks Jeannette what she knows "about the hard-ships and obstacles that the underclass faces" (Walls 257). It is probably this attitude that influences Jeannette to keep quiet. The girl feels that people like professor Fuchs are actually the ones who will never be able to understand homeless people.

Jeannette is not necessarily frustrated with who her parents are, as she is…. [read more]

Abused Children Develop Antisocial Behavior Term Paper

… Physical abuse can be suspected with the common signs, such as burns, bruises, bone or skull fractures. Death from physical abuse, such as the shaken baby syndrome, was among the leading causes for children less than a year old (Black). Studies revealed that physical abuse changed children's behavior in many ways.

Psychological experts maintained that sexual abuse constituted sexual arousal in a child and the child's willingness to act on it, conditioned by alcohol, drugs or the misconception that there was nothing wrong about the act (Black). There were greater chances of sexual abuse if the child was developmentally disabled or vulnerable some way. This type of abuse was often discovered when genital or anal injuries or abnormalities, including the presence of sexually transmitted disease,…. [read more]

Stepfamilies Families Term Paper

… Stepfamilies

Families and Stepfamilies

It is a reality of the modern lifestyle that families find themselves challenged in terms of structure. Indeed, the high divorce rate, as well as other factors such as death and increasing births to single mothers, have led to structure changes. The "normal" family with two biological parents has decreased in number, while there is an increasing number of families where one or both parents are non-biological. Indeed, according to Dunn et al. (2001), 90% of children lived with both biological parents in 1970, whereas this number has decreased to only 69% in 1994. Statistics in the United Kingdom are just as grim: in excess of one in eight children in this country will have separated or divorced parents by the…. [read more]

Nature of Family Term Paper

… Nature of Family

The dynamics of the family and the multifaceted nature of it provide the opportunity for a multidisciplinary approach to it. Biology, anthropology, history, literature and psychology can all provide at least a limited view, that if put together create a more holistic vision of the family, as it has changed and evolved through time. Each discipline has strengths and weaknesses with regard to identifying family dynamic and status. In the reading material that has been covered in this coarse, Parenting for Primates by Harriet Smith, Our, babies, Ourselves, by Meredith Small, Marriage, a History: From Obedience to Intimacy, by Stephanie Coontz, Long Days Journey Into Night, by Eugene O'neil and You Can go Home Again by Monica McGoldrick, many of the disciplines…. [read more]

Drama the Family Drama All Families Term Paper

… Drama

The Family Drama

All families are dysfunctional, one might say, after a cursory glance at most of the husband-wife couples and extended families of Western drama -- only some are more dysfunctional than others. The Helmers of "A Doll's House," and the Wrights of "Trifles" illustrate the dark side of the husband-wife dynamic, whereby two people joined in matrimony can live side by side in a perpetual state of mutual misunderstanding. Children are incidental to this state of misunderstanding. Rather the well-intentioned crime of fraud that is perpetuated by Nora in Ibsen's drama, and the frustration-propelled murder of the husband in "Trifles" are both the realistic result of the man's refusal to acknowledge the contribution of what his wife has given up for him…. [read more]

Quan and Qual Studies Qualitative Article Critique

… Relation of readings main points/topic/findings to other course readings

Children who are exposed to domestic violence or are abused are at risk to develop a number of potential negative outcomes ranging from emotional to psychological to cognitive problems. Not all children exposed to violence or abused will develop problems, but it can be assumed that a fair number will.


There is evidence for the dual exposure effect, but less evidence that being abused or witnessing abuse alone leads to worse later outcomes. While treatment can be helpful for the victims, it still appears that legal interventions are most effective for the perpetrators in order to stop the abuse. Thus, understanding what potential effects from exposure to violence or abuse can occur in the victims,…. [read more]

Divorce and Single Parent Families Reaction Paper

… Whilst both Popenoe (1993) and McClanahan document and lament the decline of the 'healthy family setting with Popenoe (1993) insisting that children are, consequently suffering from emotional and social needs and McClanahan correctly -- according to some (but not all) studies -- pointing to the repercussions of single parent homes that impact children's academic and vocational skills, changing legal factors in the way that divorce is now drafted may cause negative impact of divorce on children to be mitigated if not eliminated. Furthermore, both Popenoe (1993) and McClanahan may be too simplistic in that numerous other variables are involved in the stress factor to children from divorced homes making it difficult to assess whether it was divorce that causes the negative impact or other factors…. [read more]

Delinquent Behavior and Family Violence Essay

… The social learning theory explains that children in these families are unable to learn appropriate behavior because of the opposed parental examples or models provided. And the attachment theory says that low parental attachment produces cold, hardened children who tend to turn delinquent (Farrington).


Juvenile courts in King County report on the prevalence of family violence in their caseloads (Buel, 2002). They introduced a step-up program, which directly addresses family violence in developing intervention programs for juvenile delinquents as well as abused parents. The Travis County in Texas Juvenile Court has been implementing a program with this approach. The overall direction is for juvenile courts to address family violence as a covert or underlying factor in many cases of juvenile delinquency. These courts must…. [read more]

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