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Efficacy of Different Mechanisms, Techniques Research Proposal

… ¶ … efficacy of different mechanisms, techniques, models, and frameworks that are used in planning a project. In order to tie the discussion to a particular industry and to provide real world examples of principles, forms, and structures I discuss, I will address project planning within the coffee service industry. Where specifics will enhance understanding of the discussion tenets, I will use the Starbucks Coffee Company as the corporate example.

Organizational structure. Starbucks Coffee Company provides a distinctive corporate model that can serve as a frame of reference when addressing corporate strategy and types of organizational structure. The coffee shops associated with the Starbucks Coffee Company chain create a large network of stores / java cafes. The Starbucks brand is sizable and the organizational structure…. [read more]

Behavior Modification Therapy Effects Essay

… However, to a great degree, recognizing workable approaches in meta- analyses is constricted by the assessment of expansive treatment methods, instead of particular treatment methods in majority of result studies (Shirk, 2000).

In order to find out the effectiveness of behavior modification intervention, a subsection of treatment studies using this method to deal with self-esteem in children is closely observed. Studies which particularly focused on behavior modification and its effect on self-esteem in children along with the ones in which self-esteem was only a part of the study are reviewed. The studies reviewed are taken from the meta-analysis conducted by Haney and Durlak (1998). Reviews of 10 studies are discussed below:

Out of ten only three of the studies targeted only on the low self-esteem…. [read more]

Techniques Used to Sell a Toy in a Commercial Term Paper

… Advertising Ad Analysis: Undifferentiated and Intense Persuasion in Children's Advertising

But all of the other kids are getting one!" Every year, around Christmas time, normally sensible parents will devote themselves to spending hours in the toy stores, in malls, or online, to find a must-have toy for their child. The parents may defend their actions by stating that the toy is educational, encourages the child's creativity, or simply that one is only a child once. Their real collective motivation for engaging in such behavior is often referred to by marketers and adults alike as the "nag factor," or the fact that children often influence the purchasing decisions in a household.

A child's desire can be so powerful, parents find it almost impossible to resist, especially…. [read more]

Efficiency of Antibiotic Resistance Gene Term Paper

… What is Known about Tetracycline?

Tetracyclines and its derivatives are antibiotics which inhibit the bacterial growth by stopping protein synthesis in the bacteria. Bacteria must synthesis proteins into energy in order to survive, mush in the same way we synthesize fats, carbohydrates, and proteins into energy that can be used in our body's various systems. Teetracycline compounds have been widely used for the past forty years as therapeutic agent in medicine. The emergence of bacterial resistances to these antibiotics has n limited their use in recent times. Three different specific mechanisms of tetracycline resistance have been identified: tetracycline efflux, ribosome protection and tetracycline modification [23].These are common mechanisms found in other situations and will be discussed in detail.

Tetracycline efflux is acccomplished through thhe use…. [read more]

Environmental Systems Capstone Project

… ¶ … environmental systems in the past five years. Summarize the techniques used, the assumptions and limitations faced, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned.

Scope/Direction of the Research

The scope of the study extended to a review of relevant studies published within the last 5 years to provide an overview and recapitulation of the techniques that have been used in recent years to study the development of environmental systems, the assumptions and limitations that have been encountered along the way, the potential for error and how it was minimized, and the lessons learned from these efforts. The development of environmental systems includes various geospatial technologies, alternative energy systems, and other technological solutions that are designed to interact with…. [read more]

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy: Review Essay

… Therefore, the therapeutic technique is not the same as one would expect in a different type of treatment-focused intervention, because its goal is generally to prevent relapse.

However, it is also important to keep in mind that mindfulness is a very popular self-help technique. MBCT is considered a way to help people achieve a greater degree of happiness and success in their lives, even if those people do not actually suffer from a disorder. This is an important concept to keep in mind for the practitioner who may be more comfortable with treating a disease, rather than treating an individual. MBCT can help even those people without a disorder or a diagnosis achieve a greater degree of personal satisfaction in their lives, so that treatment…. [read more]

Sales Leadership Management and Supervision Research Paper

… Sales Leadership

Implementing Sales Leadership Theories and Techniques: Implications for Management and Supervision

Increasing the efficacy and efficiency of sales leadership is a goal for most organizations operating today, as this provides the greatest potential profit from a given outlay of resources, ensuring that sales efforts generate the revenues that are required for the organization to remain successful. The more effective the sales team of a given organization is, the larger their market share and the greater their potential for profit and market dominance will be, all other factors being equal. Obviously, then, increasing sales efficiency and effectiveness is a top priority for many competing organizations, yet any increase in effectiveness in one company necessarily means a decrease in market share and sales efficacy for…. [read more]

Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002 Literature Review

… These firms have very few meetings of audit committees, they have very few directors who are independent, their audit committees have very few experts present, and they have CEOs who are also the Chairmen of the boards. While on the other hand the firms with strong corporate governance are prone to have consistent as well as positive results.

Abbott et al. (2004) have presented the impact of the characteristics of audit committee on the financial statements. This means that the more the audit committee is competent, independent, and full of experts, the lesser would be the chances of fraud to occur which will decrease the percentage of negativity on corporate earnings as well as increase shareholder confidence. The authors worked on two different groups, one…. [read more]

Self-Efficacy and Oppositional Defiant Disorder Research Paper

… Commonly, children who receive diagnoses of oppositional defiant disorder in preschool or early elementary school transition to a diagnosis of one of three major categories of disorder: depression, anxiety, or ADHD (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). Then, too, a goodly number of children do not develop co-existing conditions (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). Many children with oppositional defiant disorder continue to exhibit a stable pattern of the disorder as adults (Hamilton & Armando, 2008). In general, the more severe the oppositional defiant disorder is in childhood and the earlier symptoms were recognized or diagnosis occurred, the poorer the prognosis over the life-span (Hamilton & Armando, 2008).

The Multimodal Treatment Study of Children with ADHD is the most comprehensive study of children with a diagnosis of ADHD (Hamilton…. [read more]

Delphi Study: Influence of Environmental Literature Review

… Green IT and energy costs

Although IT devices consume energy, you can use them to control energy, particularly electricity consumption.

You can use IT systems to take care of building management. For example, using movement sensors, thermostats can be adjusted, lights switched on and off, and computers switched off out of hours and reawakened for software upgrades.

One of the biggest challenges in reducing electricity consumption is ensuring that electricity users can monitor their own consumption. What gets measured gets managed -- once people are aware of their consumption, they can go about reducing it. This isn't yet common practice, even in data centers. But, with new smart metering technologies, organizations could monitor the electricity usage of individual departments. Departments could be charged for usage,…. [read more]

Sickle Cell the Outcome of Preoperative Transfusion Multiple Chapters

… Sickle Cell

The Outcome of Preoperative Transfusion Therapy in Sickle Cell Disease Patients Undergoing Surgery: A survey of Practice in Saudi Arabia

Sickle cell disease was first discovered and described in 1904, in a dentistry student in Chicago (Savitt & Goldberg 1989). Admitted to a hospital suffering from "anemia," Walter Clement Noel -- a wealthy man from the West Indies in his first year of study towards becoming a dentist -- was examined by Dr. James B. Herrick, who noticed, "peculiar elongated an sickle-shaped" red blood cells in his patient's samples (Savitt & Goldberg 1989). Though it would be some time before the disorder was more fully understood, and indeed the symptoms of sickle cell and been noted decades prior to Herrick's discovery, this was…. [read more]

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Combat Term Paper

… Moreover, contrary to myth, patients are not generally unwilling or reluctant to undergo exposure therapy, but are able to recognize that exposure may be necessary to help them move past the traumatic event. The whole thought process behind trauma focused therapy is that by changing thoughts, the therapist can help achieve symptom reduction, and this hypothesis has been verified in a number of studies (Sobel et al., 2009).

Despite the fact that some therapists have lingering, erroneous concerns about trauma-centered therapy, it has long been the preferred approach for treating PTSD. In fact, CPT, a form of trauma-centered therapy is considered the go-to treatment for PTSD. CPT is a counseling-based intervention that generally involves meeting with a therapist on a weekly basis in an effort…. [read more]

Biochemical Analysis: Dengue Denv Protease Essay

… The NS2B-NS3pro Vmax is therefore temperature dependent.

Figure 4 shows the results of the RC-1 titration at the three temperatures (Rothan et al., 2012a). At 28?C, the inhibitory effect of RC-1 is concentration dependent and has an IC50 of 46.1 ?M (±1.7 ?M). Maximum inhibition was achieved somewhere between 75 and 150 ?M. The inhibitory effect of RC-1 is much more potent at 37C, with an IC50 of 21.4 ?M (±1.6 ?M). At 75 ?M, maximum inhibition was almost achieved. When a high body temperature is combined with RC-1, maximum inhibition was achieved at 40 ?M and the IC50 was further reduced to 14.1 ?M (±1.2 ?M).


These results reveal the possible efficacy of a defensin molecule, RC-1, in inhibiting the activity of the…. [read more]

Controlling Our Emotions? Emotional Literacy Research Paper

… g., Ekman & Friesen, 1975; Nowicki & Mitchell, 1998; Scherer, Banse, & Wallbott, 2001). When focused on the self, this dimension is related to greater emotional awareness (Lane, Quinlan, Schwartz, Walker, & Zeitlin, 1990), lower alexithymia (Apfel & Sifneos, 1979), and less ambivalence about emotional expressivity (King, 1998; King & Emmons, 1990). When focused on other people, this dimension encompasses what is meant by affect sensitivity (Campbell, Kagan, & Krathwohl, 1971), affect-receiving ability (Buck, 1976) and nonverbal sensitivity (Rosenthal, Hall, DiMatteo, Rogers, & Archer, 1979).

Use of emotion to facilitate thought

The second branch of El concerns the ability to use emotions to focus attention and to think more rationally, logically, and creatively. Using emotions may require the ability to harness feelings that assist in…. [read more]

Therapeutic Models Psychodynamic and Person-Centered Essay

… Hence, the client-centered therapist is expected to maintain a positive tone and general attitude towards the client despite the personal disliking about client's various actions.

Because the person-centered counselor puts so much focus on genuine and on being led by the client, they therapist tend to ignore the boundaries of time and technique as would a psychodynamic therapist. If they judged it appropriate, a person-centered counselor might diverge considerably from orthodox counseling techniques. Another important concept attached to this therapy is Empathy which means understanding what the client means and what he or she is going through. This entails therapist's ability to understanding what the client means and has gone through or going through (by having an accurate estimation) by being sensitive to client's feelings…. [read more]

Decoding: Identifying Improved Techniques Term Paper

… The automatization of word recognition generally comes after a long period of extensive reading practice (Nicholson & Tan, 1997). In their study, Nicholson and Tan investigated the automization of word recognition in 42 below-average readers, between 7 and 10 years of age. The subjects were given single-word training, phrase training, or no training. These researchers determined that trained children learned to decode target words quickly and accurately, using flashcards; by contrast, untrained children only discussed the target words and read them once. In this study, trained and untrained children read aloud passages that contained target words and were tested on their comprehension; they found that trained children had better comprehension than did the untrained children when questioned about passages and asked to retell them. These…. [read more]

Tracking Dengue Fever in China Research Paper

… In summary, a number of different findings consistently support concluding that the Guangzhou 2010 dengue outbreak was the result of an introduced DENV-4 strain from Thailand.


DVBD (Division of Vector Borne Diseases). (2011). Information on Aedes albopictus. U.S. Center for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved 18 Apr. 2012 from

Jing, Qin-Long, Yang, Zhi-Cong, Luo, Lei, Xiao, Xin-Cai, Di, Biao, He, Peng et al. (2012). Emergence of dengue virus 4 genotype II in Guangzhou, China, 1010: Survey and molecular epidemiology of one community outbreak. BMC Infectious Diseases, 12,

NIAID (National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases). (2007). Dengue Fever. National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved 18 Apr. 2012 from

Shepherd, Suzanne M. (2012). Dengue. Medscape Reference. Retrieved…. [read more]

Hypnosis Compared to Eastern Meditation Chi Kung and Nei Thesis

… ¶ … globalization and innovations in telecommunications are bringing healthcare practitioners together from all over the world in ways that have never before been possible. As these collaborative efforts and mature communities of practice continue to emerge, it is important to help Western practitioners understand the fundamental tenets of Eastern medicine and representative practices, just as it is important to help practitioners in China and elsewhere in the East understand the allopathic approaches that are most widely practiced in the West. To this end, this study compared the clinical use of hypnosis with the use of Eastern Meditation, Chi Kung, and Nei Kung. To achieve this comparison, a review of the relevant literature was combined with a qualitative meta-analysis of the peer-reviewed and scholarly literature…. [read more]

E-Groceries Primary Data Collection Secondary Dissertation

… Finally, these inferences could be compiled in the report format with concluding remarks (Bryman et al., 2007). Similar format has been adopted for the current study, with the researcher using qualitative questions and hypotheses to direct the process of data collection. Along with that the identification of e-basic food logistics as sample firms has further guided the research process, as the relevant information was collected and scrutinized against the hypotheses. The theoretical underpinnings have been utilized to draw inferences and justifications to validate or reject the research hypotheses.


Population of the study can be identified as consisted of all those cases or units of analysis that fulfill the criteria identified by the researcher. One of the main aims of identifying the population of the…. [read more]

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms and Symptom Management in the Combat Veteran Capstone Project

… Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has been recognized by a growing number of healthcare authorities and U.S. governmental agencies as a serious and potentially debilitating condition in combat veterans returning from tours of duty in Iraq and Afghanistan. Although estimates vary from troubling to extremely alarming, the incidence and prevalence of PTSD among this population is far higher than for the general population in the United States, and the adverse effects of the condition are further exacerbated by a number of other factors, including early life stress, different levels of individual resiliency and a potential genetic predisposition as well. The consequences of untreated PTSD can be severe, including suicide, another trend taking place among the combat veteran population that has researchers scrambling for answers and efficacious…. [read more]

Coping With Cancer Term Paper

… ..they just told that much on the telephone."

Subjects of the same study revealed that researching cancer and gathering information from a variety of mediums including magazines and journals complemented their coping process.


Coping strategies may vary greatly from person to person. What may work for one person may not work for another. For example, spiritual beliefs have been known to help people cope with cancer. However, for one person it may mean going to church and believing in God, for another it may mean getting in touch with themselves through mediation and relaxation techniques. Coping is an ongoing process, and the strategies used must be continuously re-evaluated and altered in order to maintain a successful strategy. Religion, rationalization, crying and humor along with…. [read more]

Self-Efficacy: A Definition Social Cognitive Term Paper

… A cycle self supporting cycle is created by the teacher of wither utilizing the technology in the class room as an important part of the instruction, or treating it like an unwanted add on to their standard teaching methodology. The course of actions taken by the teacher is one which will support itself, and duplicate itself unless acted on by an outside force.

Bandura's Social Cognitive Theory

Bandura believed that cognitive theories which attached human behaviors exclusively to external stimuli were simplistic perspectives on personality. His work has arisen from the belief that a person's personality and their environment determine and influence each other. His work, while begun with adolescents, developed these four steps in the process which he believed modeled and shaped a personal…. [read more]

Mindful vs. Traditional Martial Arts Thesis

… , 2001). As the existing research is largely limited to teenagers who are beyond the prime window of opportunity for prevention or early intervention efforts, this study will focus on children age 8-12, where early connections may inoculate at-risk students and set them on a more favorable trajectory. Terrence Webster-Doyle (personal communication, July 1, 2011) illuminates that by effectively challenging the self-imposed limits of each child, students will quickly realize that they can accomplish much more than they ever thought possible. Essentially, this parallels the old adage that we are each our own worst enemy -- the biggest fight for each of us, regardless of age, is within.

Theoretical and Conceptual Framework

Mindfulness psychotherapies are considered the third wave of behavior therapy, preceded by cognitive…. [read more]

Somatic Relationship Research Proposal

… Somatic Psychology

The Somatic Relationship Between the Adult-Child and Their Parents: A Grounded Theory Study

The relationship between a child and parent is one of the most complex in psychological literature. This relationship has been considered one of the most important since the early pioneers, such as Freud in Jung. A literature review of available academic studies regarding requires an examination of several different disciplines. This literature review will examine six different topics related to this study to be conducted. These areas will help the researcher to gain a rounded a radical basic and will support the grounded theory study that will be conducted. This literature review will provide the background information and will support the methodology used for the study.

Somatic Psychology Efficacy Studies…. [read more]

Applied Management and Decision Sciences Thesis

… ¶ … management and decision sciences from various theorists; and, analyzes the evolution of managerial decision making from scientific management to the complicated forecasting models used today. The objectives of the Breadth component were four-fold: (a) to examine the theories of applied management and decision sciences as interpreted by the research of Ducker (1974), Harrison (1975), and others as listed in the reference section; (b) to analyze the historic evolution of decision making from scientific management to modern applications of operations research; (c) to examine the decision making process, with a particular emphasis on the importance of values and management judgment; and (d) to describe, assess, and evaluate various decision evaluation tools including matrix analysis, influence diagrams, payoff matrices, sensitivity analysis, decision tree, probabilistic forecasting,…. [read more]

Fibromyalgia Is a Common Cause Essay

… EULAR gave randomized controlled trials greater importance, and hence, a higher level of evidence. (Hauser, Thieme & Turk, 2010)

Both APS and AWMF gave the greatest amount of credit to aerobic exersize, cognitive-behavioral therapy, amitriptyline, and multicomponent treatment. The level of evidence for each of these modalities was based on level A A modality was given a level A evidence when there was evidence of type I, or consistent evidences of type II, III, or IV from multiple studies. Chiropractic manipulations and massage therapy were also recommended based on level B Modalities were described as level B if evidence of type II, III or IV were generally consistent. (Hauser, Thieme & Turk, 2010)

On the other hand, EULAR assigned the highest level of evidence to…. [read more]

Profit Through Investing on Stock Dissertation

… Author discusses various matters in this research and covers the topic of risk, diversification and income investing. Here the main focus is on the financial strategies that can pay off big and highlights the financial structure (Greenblatt, 2006).

Analogous to the spectrum of economics, a lucid person is considered as the instigation of the comprehending phase which endeavors to explicate the functionalities of a marketplace in the behavioral finances. A substitutive methodology has been projected by sociological studies which comprises of the comprehension of a wider communal, organizational, and philosophical persuasive elements at the marketplace. To the preceding sociologists like Weber (2000a; 2000b), the procedures prevalent in the marketplace were of immense significance to them, and this significance can also be tracked effortlessly in the…. [read more]

Social Cognitive Theory of Learning Term Paper

… Social cognition is the study of how individuals process social information. The theory of social cognition emphasizes the individual; their behavior and their environment are all factors which influence their behavior. Individual's process social information different, the encoding, storage, retrieval and application of this information in social situations has become the focal point of social psychology in general. Since the rise of cognitive psychology in the late 1960s and 70s, social cognition has become the mainstream approach to social psychology. The focus of this particular paper is to understand social cognition and in particular it's related theory of learning. The implicit impact of social cognition upon how individuals learn and process information is fundamental to understanding how to create curriculums that will engender greater education…. [read more]

Contingency Management Alcohol Marijuana Studies Term Paper

… Contingency Management


The purposes of this review are to gain an understanding of the controlled studies using contingency management (CM) in the substance abuse field, and where applicable emphasize those studies that incorporate CM with community reinforcement approach (CRA). This paper should offer a critical review of the literature with an eye toward identifying important and unresolved theoretical and research questions. Logan (1972) holds that there is much evidence that animals also respond to operant contingencies with psychoactive substances.

The New York Times reports in the work entitled: "Toward a Behavioral Economic Understanding of Drug Dependence: Delay Discounting Processes" (2006) states that many times those who are addicted to alcohol or drugs do not stay clean because they either "won't go…. [read more]

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