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Egyptian Mythology Essay

… The unity of Egypt and the foundation of the first Egyptian dynasty by King Menes is the first historical event that is recorded. The Egyptians were pioneers of recording historical events and after them; the trend was followed by different people in the world. (David A. 283-292)

These Egyptian myths help us understand Egypt at that time. In Egypt, the kings were assumed as the link between men and God. These myths help us understand the thinking of the Egyptian people and the reasons behind their thoughts. The Egyptian people respected their kings more than anyone else. In the later days, these kings were thought of as Gods. Different areas had their different kings and thus different Gods. Battles were fought to gain different territories…. [read more]


Egypt Is Going Dissertation

… ¶ … Egypt is going to take in order to secure its interest in the Nile waters and in the Nile Basin countries, especially after the change of regime and the uprising of the Arab nations. Following the January 2011 uprisings in Egypt, the government attempted to resolve the longstanding issues through various mechanisms that failed and the political leadership was replaced by the Muslim Brotherhood's candidate. Other recent developments in the Nile Basin Initiative have included Egypt's efforts to abrogate previous agreements and improve others, all the while balancing the diplomatic agenda that has emerged in the new Egypt. An examination of the secondary literature is combined with primary research including interviews with Egyptian principals and a convenience survey of Egyptian consumers concerning the…. [read more]


Egypt's Foreign Relations With the United States and the Arab Term Paper

… ¶ … Egypt/U.S. Relationship in a new Arab World

The world has historically had many hotspots. One, for instance, was the area surrounding Austria Hungary, which later morphed into the area surrounding Germany. Countless wars were fought in those regions, with tens of millions dead, and families constantly uprooted and moved to different locations from "homes" that were no longer friendly to them.

One hotspot that has stayed violent for much of recorded history is the middle east. Today, of course, is no exception. That is why it is ever so important to understand the role of every key player in the current crisis. One such key player has been a traditional Arab world leader, Egypt. Beginning with the peace treaty in 1979, let us…. [read more]


Ancient Egyptian Attitudes Towards Foreigners Essay

… There were foreign language speakers in Egypt since the New Kingdom, according to Muzhou Pu, who offers an example of foreigners that were mentioned in Amenophis III: The (Theban) temple workhouse "…is filled with male and female slaves and with children of the princes of every foreign country that his majesty despoiled… It is surrounded by Syrian settlements, in habited by the children of the princes" (Pu, 2005, 32). Apparently these foreign workers / slaves' written communications ("if any") were in Egyptian, Pu explains. Hence it is clear that when foreigners use the Egyptian language that was a way "to achieve cultural assimilation" -- and perhaps eventually be free to become part of the society.

In conclusion, there are many examples in the literature of…. [read more]


Taharka Egyptian History Is Clouded Essay

… Mitinti, son of Sidqa, the former king of Ashkelon was appointed in his place, and the Kushite threat once lead by the mighty Taharka was removed.

After his humiliating defeat at Memphis, Taharka left Egypt for good, fleeing to Napata in Kush. Despite being defeated twice in Egypt, Taharka was still held in great esteem, ruling in Kush till his death in 664 BC where he was buried in the Nubian version of the Egyptian pyramid, alongside his brothers, uncles, father and grandfather. This remains as a lasting tribute that will forever remain carved into the grounds of Nubia.

There have been many Egyptians worthy of praise and examination that have been recorded throughout history. It seems as though Taharka's legacy remains very underrated especially…. [read more]


Egyptian Influence on Judaism and Christianity Thesis

… Egyptian Influence on Judaism and Christianity

Egyptian influence

The issue of the relationship between Egyptian cultural history and the histories of Judaism and Christianity is one that is mired in controversy. This controversy is also linked to various interpretations of the Biblical texts and to the view that has emerged in recent years that the Bible is more myth and fiction than actual historical fact. While this view does not invalidate the theological integrity of the history of both Judaism and Christianity, it does suggest a link with the historical and cultural realities of the past and with the way that various historical and religious contexts impacted the development of both Judaism and Christianity.

The view that the origins of both Judaism and Christianity are…. [read more]


Ancient Egypt's Economic Growth Research Paper

… During the Middle and Second Kingdom timber started making its appearance as one of the Egyptian imports. This was provided mainly from trade with Byblos that gave Egypt a quality type of timber not found in its own country. The Middle Kingdom also built trade relations with Syria, Palestine, and other countries and colonized Nubia which gave them a great source eof gold, ebony, ivory and other resources.

This Middle Kingdom reign was at first successful in repelling the Bedouins who had infiltrated the country during the First Intermediate Period but precipitation again however into floods and internal conflict (aggravated by influx of foreigners in the region) led once again to economic collapse of the Second Intermediate Period during the later 13th and 14th dynasties.…. [read more]


Egypt the Revolution Essay

… During that time the government and its leader created what they referred to as emergency laws. The nation was in a state of emergency and could only be saved if those in power were given additional powers and abilities, even if those powers were not altogether legal. The demands of the 2011 revolutionaries were actually very similar to their 1919 counterparts. Shakry writes that the revolutionaries wanted:

An end to Mubarek [the Egyptian leader], and end to the emergency laws that had strangled political expression in Egypt since 1981, a civil government with a new constitution guaranteeing elections and the curtailment of political power, and trials for those involved in the massacre of the protestors (Shakry).

Essentially, what the 2011 revolutionaries were demanding was to…. [read more]


Pyramids of Egypt Research Paper

… Egyptian Pyramids: History And Construction

The pyramids in Egypt serve as a testament to ingenuity of man. We often dismiss ancient civilizations because we think they were not as smart as we are. When we think of the pharaohs in Egypt and their belief that they entered into an afterlife beyond death, we might tend to think of them as uneducated or simply silly. This is a mistake because while these people might have believed something unusual about the afterlife, they were not dumb by any means. Their beliefs about the afterlife are what compelled them to build the pyramids, that to this day, astound those who look at them. The complexity of the construction of these structures proves to our advanced society that ancient…. [read more]


History of the Modern Middle East Term Paper

… History Of the Modern Middle East

As a result of the Industrial Revolution, during the 19th and the 20th centuries, the Western world as grew more dependent upon the advancement of technology, in every facet of daily existence. As an unintentional result of this economic revolution, the major commercial powers grew more dependent upon the non-renewable resource of oil. The state that controlled oil, in the form of trade routes, or oil-producing colonies, could dominate the other major nation-states. Ironically, as a result of technological advancement, the states that had formerly dismissed the Middle East as backward or significant only in terms of its historical role in the development of Christianity grew progressively more dependant upon the region to sustain a modern economy.

Initially, Britain…. [read more]


Muhammad Ali in Egypt Thesis

… But they took away, for five centuries, the possibility of an independent Arab-dom, and Arab nationalists bore them considerable ill-will for it[footnoteRef:13]. The only 'Arab' state conquered by the Turks which was not in irremediable decay, was the Mamluk state of Egypt and Syria[footnoteRef:14]. The Mamluks themselves were a dynasty of Turkish slaves; and in any case they afterwards succeeded, as did all the North African provinces, in enjoying internal autonomy under Ottoman suzerainty. The claim that the caliphate had been transmitted to the Ottoman sultans was made only late in the history of the Empire. It was as Turkish rulers that they held their power, and only secondarily (if at all) as vice-regents of the Prophet. They preserved and even sharpened the distinction between…. [read more]


Ethics of Repatriation: Egyptian Artifacts Term Paper

… Counter-arguing the opponents

Artifact protection is an obligation

As the artifacts are a link to the past and they tell us about the culture, heritage, norms, events that took place at the time from which they were, therefore, it is very important to protect them. As, they can help our coming generations in understanding where they come from and what situations their ancestors faced which have bought them where they are today, for this reason it is said that if the artifacts can be well protected in the countries that are wealthier and have better resources than the ones that they originally belong to, then these resourceful countries should be allowed to keep the artifacts so that they can protect them for the generations to…. [read more]


Egypt as We Know, Egyptian History Term Paper

… Egypt

As we know, Egyptian history is divided into 31 dynasties (pharaohs' families) but the most important events, as many historians admit, took place during the reign of the eighteenth and nineteenth dynasties. This was a period of so-called New Kingdom - a great period of Egyptian history which had changed the country and social relations of its citizens.

To begin with we have to remember that Egypt was not a centralized state before the New Kingdom and was divided into many small districts called nomes. These nomes were governed by local nomarch (ruler) and very soon (by the end of the Old Kingdom) nomarchs managed gaining individual rule over the territory they governed. This factor caused weakness of Egyptian state which was not able…. [read more]


Egyptians Civilizations Classical Greek or Hellenistic Italian Renaissance Essay

… Egyptian Civilizations, Classical Greek or Hellenistic, Italian Renaissance

Egyptian Period: The Statuette of Amun at Karnak

The period of history in which the Egyptians reigned was an ancient and foreign society, much different than our own today. It was a dominant society that lasted over five thousand years. The society itself was very religious oriented. The culture's art was mostly tied to religious practices, with art glorifying the numerous gods within the ancient Egyptian religious belief. Part of that religious honor was devoted to the pharaohs, the kings who were treated like gods when they were in power. Thus, art from this period tends to reflect either praise for the god or the pharaoh, sometimes both in the same piece. The tombs of pharaohs were…. [read more]


History of Communication Timeline Term Paper

… This is important in the history of communication because the rise of urbanization that would accompany the birth of capitalism is overall responsible for a certain measure of social organization that would result in overall technological innovations, in addition to the invention of a new social category: the bus driver.

SOURCE: Nicholas Hammond (Editor), The Cambridge Companion to Pascal. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz -- co-inventor with Sir Isaac Newton of mathematical calculus -- works on Pascal's designs to create a cylindrical gear calculator. This is important in the history of communication for the same reason as Pascal's computation machine was. (See above.)

SOURCE: Wikipedia, "Gottfried Wilhelm von Leibniz"

Leibniz first describes binary mathematics, which will become the basis of contemporary…. [read more]


Political History of Egypt Examining Essay

… It was in these circumstances that Hosni Mubarak took power, after the assassination of Anwar Sadat, the country's previous president. Until recently, Mubarak held the longest-serving rule in Egypt. Mubarak's fifth term, which commenced after rigged elections in 2005, only showed the kind of despotism ruling the country, which was suffering more and more under unequal and wealthy, crony-favoritist policies.

Recent Events

Though Egypt has undergone decades of military rule and has suffered at the hands of a poor leader, opposition groups inspired by Tunisian events rose in Egypt with a force rivaling that of the most famous protests in the world throughout history. These youth not only demanded a fair government, but demanded their country back and bread on the table.

The current political…. [read more]


History of Condoms Term Paper

… The labor-intensive process meant that the products were correspondingly expensive (though reusable) and thus only available to a limited proportion of the population."

In 1844, Goodyear, a company best known for its tires, and Hancock started producing condoms out of vulcanized rubber (Parisot, 1987, p. 21). Vulcanization is a process that treats crude rubber with sulfur and subjects it to intense heat, transforming it into a strong elastic material. Companies like Goodyear may have given the condom a new nickname that is still widely used today (" a rubber"), but these rubber condoms were much different than the ones used in modern society.

Men were instructed to wash their condoms before and after sex, and to reuse them until they broke. Today, we know that…. [read more]


Histories of the World Essay

… This merely fanned the flames of discontent and the coffeehouse is cited as important gathering-place that motivated opposition to the government, which eventually cumulated in the French Revolution and the overthrow of the monarchy. "It literally began at a cafe" (Standage 170).

'Coke is it:' The cultural power of Coca-Cola

In contrast to the other beverages in Standage's book, Coca-Cola seems something of an outlier, in terms of what it represents as a beverage. Coke is a processed, manufactured food, versus the other beverages which have at least some origin in nature, whether in fermentation of grains or fruits, coffee beans, or tea leaves. But Coca-Cola clearly was one of the most innovative beverages of the 20th century (the 21st century remains an open question,…. [read more]


Ancient Egyptian History Essay

… Ancient Egyptian History

While attempting to present a fairly comprehensive overview of the ancient Egyptians and their way of life, Barry Kemp's Ancient Egypt: Anatomy of a Civilization undertakes the reconstruction of the identities of the people living in ancient Egypt. Such a task is intrinsically arduous because a considerable amount of time has passed since this indigenous population inhabited the earth. As such, the crux of Kemp' manuscript ultimately hinges upon some crucial definitions that allows for the completion of such a work. The most eminent of these revolves around the notion of identity itself, and addresses facets of what identity consists of and how it may be measured several centuries later. To his credit, the author has addressed these vital points in the…. [read more]


Harem Conspiracy Term Paper

… Pharaohs entered into international agreements with great kings or accepted the loyalty of the kinglets of Levant by adding daughters to their harems. This act was considered an important component of dynastic politics (Reshafim, Mudloff).

The king's main wife became the head of the harem (Reshafim 2002, Mudloff 2012). The king's children by all his wives were raised at the harem. Sometimes, the children of royal favorites and foreign hostages were educated along with the children of the king. The harem was also an important economic institution. It owned large estates, which raised cattle and produced textiles. It received big allowances from the state treasury. At times, the harem could raise its own revenue. Royal harems were, however, not exclusively occupied or run by women.…. [read more]


Death Rite or Ritual Essay

… Egyptian Death Rituals

Ancient Egyptian death and burial rituals have been among the most elaborate in history. Even today, having uncovered many of the mysteries behind the rituals and mummification process, scholars cannot claim to know everything about the reasons behind every ritual and pyramid text. However, it might be assumed that, at the heart of most of these, lies the common human dread of complete annihilation. Believing in an afterlife, a divinity, and a reality beyond the physical is a basic human need that it might be assumed was as alive in ancient Egypt as it is today. Algthough scholars today cannot claim to understand the precise paradigms behind ancient Egypt and its people, we might use the psychological perspectives of our own time…. [read more]


History of Egyptian and Mayan Term Paper

… www.questia.com/PM.qst?a=o&d=5001517610" (Gould) The Spanish Conquerors destroyed most of the Mayan books leaving only four codices intact. The four remaining codices are: the Dresden Codex; the Madrid Codex; the Paris Codex and the Grolier Codex.

Similarly the decline of Egyptian writing is also linked to historical and political developments. Early Egyptian writing was absorbed into Coptic and replaced by Arabic due to complex sociological and cultural changes and movements in the region. After Ramses II, the power of the Egyptian Empire went into decline. The character of the country, as well as its cultural context, was changed due to Invaders such as the Assyrians and Persians. Later, Greek and Roman armies marched into the rich Nile Valley. All of these influences resulted in the decline of…. [read more]


History of Project Management at the Dawn Essay

… History of project management at the dawn of civilization can be looked at from two different civilisations -- Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt. In this section both of these civilsations will be looked at from the perspective of cconstruction technology, architectural design, culture, science, economics, labour, and management, which all led to the creation of the master builder. The first ancient societies arose in Mesopotamia and Egypt in the Middle East. These civilisations had certain features in common. They built cities, invented forms of writing, learned to make pottery and use metals, domesticated animals, and created fairly complex social structures that included class systems.

It is possible to say that the concept of project management has been around since the beginning of history. It has enabled…. [read more]


History of Construction Technology Literature Review

… History Of Construction Technology

Time Periods

Tools, materials, innovations

Add (April notes) two subheadings: Construction Techniques and Construction Machines under each one.

Mesopotamia

Ziggurat

Wheel

Ancient Egyptian

Ramp

Ancient Greek

Idea of "Simple Machine"

Crane

Temple

Wheelbarrow

Roman Empire

Works of Vitruvius

Roman Crane

Wheelbarrow

Byzantine Empire

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Byzantine_inventions

Master builders of Byzatine

Islamic Golden Age

Crusade

http://www.muslim-heritage.com/topics/default.cfm?ArticleID=343

See YC's notes on Crusader Castles -- looks like mostly books

Romanesque (1000-1200)

a. See YC's links

9. Gothic (1200-1400)

a. See YC's links on Gothic architecture

10. Renaissance Period (1400-1600)

11. Baroque Period (1600-1750)

12. Industrial Revolution (1750-1900)

1. Construction Technology of Mesopotamia

1.1. Construction Techniques

The Mesopotamian civilization dates back to c.6000 BC. As one of the first Bronze Age cultures, this civilization was also the…. [read more]


Indian Dance an Analysis Essay

… Indeed, the Indian dance has been linked to the Kama Sutra by Indian filmmaker Mira Nair. Such a cultural and artistic connection couple with anthropological evidence reinforces the idea that the history of Indian dance, or "belly dancing," or raqs sharqi -- whatever one may choose to call it, has much to do with the feminine ability to entertain the male audience through dance. Obviously, there may be drawn a connection between the dance and fertility and creation myths -- after all, if there is one thing that erotic dance leads to it is reproduction.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the origin of Indian dance, or "belly dancing" as it is now called in the West, has a much more modern interpretation due to the various political…. [read more]


History Resurrection Research Paper

… The three shares almost similar approaches towards the tradition, however, the strongest one rests in Hinduism which poses to be the oldest religion of the world.

Hindus believe on 'Reincarnation of souls' which stands for rebirth of the souls of those who die. They also believe on the seven births of a single soul. According to their philosophy, souls never die, only bodies die, and souls keep wandering in the world in one shape or another-this concept is also called 'Transmigration of souls'.

The followers of this religion term soul as 'atman' and body as 'sarira', and also believe that the former is imprisoned to the latter.

A cause of the penetration of concept of resurrection in the Asian religions is linked to Jesus Christ's…. [read more]


History of Satan Devil Lucifer in Judaism Christianity and Islam Research Paper

… History Of Satan

Since the very dawn of civilization, the battle between good and evil has been part of the mythology and interconnected philosophies of human beings. From the Epic of Gilgamesh to the battles between Egyptian Gods, to the words of the Koran and the Bible, conceptions of the battle of good and evil abound in popular, philosophical, legal, and religious literature. Many theologians and scholars have tried to argue the creation of evil. They question if God created it or if man and his perversion of the good created the absence of "goodness," and therefore the necessity of evil. Add to this the human capacity for a sliding scale of evil (e.g. deception, lust, greed, avarice), and we have an epitome of the…. [read more]


History of Diabetes Essay

… History Diabetes

Diabetes today is a common disease, particularly in developed countries. With the availability and generally low health quality of fast foods, an increasing amount of people in countries such as the United States are diagnosed with the disease every year (Health.Savvy). In order to handle the disease effectively, it is important to understand its manifestations in the world today. It is formally known as Diabetes mellitus. Persons with the disease have high blood sugar levels, and their metabolism is erratic. Insulin is at the centre of the disease, with symptoms caused either by low levels of the hormone or a resistance to it, as well as insufficient levels of insulin that is secreted. Common symptoms, according to the Health.Savvy Website, include excessive urination,…. [read more]


Ancient as Egypt Title IX Research Paper

… 32). However, this does suggest that she became ruler only after a male heir was unavailable or proved unsuccessful in the role. Furthermore, simply examining her title suggests that, while Egypt would tolerate and even embrace a female ruler, it was not established for a matriarchal or even a gender-neutral hereditary aristocracy, but, rather, a male-dominated one. For example, Sobekneferu proclaimed herself the King of Upper and Lower Egypt, not the queen of the same region (Hawass, p.32). She was aware that she was filling a traditionally male role and she did not try to change that to a gender-friendly designation as queen. That does not mean that her leadership was questioned or that she was considered a lesser ruler because of her gender; historians…. [read more]


Ancient Egyptian Gynecology Term Paper

… These paintings show that two midwifes participated in a woman's labor. One attended to the mother while the second attended to the unborn child.

Pregnant women and new mothers in ancient times believed that the best way to learn was under the supervision and expertise of seasoned midwives. Even today, many pregnant women seek out experienced midwife but most women use the assistance of midwives with the advancement of science and technology.

Egyptian women often visited Mammisi, houses of birth, when seeking divine help in their pregnancies.

The Ebers Papyrus states, "Nothing is more lawful than one's mother milk." This supports evidence that ancient Egyptian women were strongly encouraged to breastfeed their infants for three years.

It also states, "To bring forth the milk of…. [read more]

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